Research Article
Print
Research Article
Taxonomy of Macromotettixoides with the description of a new species (Tetrigidae, Metrodorinae)
expand article infoLing-Sheng Zha§|, Feng-Ming Yu§, Saranyaphat Boonmee, Prapassorn D. Eungwanichayapant, Ting-Chi Wen§
‡ Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai, Thailand
§ Guizhou University, Guiyang, China
| Huaibei Normal University, Huaibei, China
Open Access

Abstract

Descriptions of the flying organs and generic characteristics of the genus Macromotettixoides Zheng, Wei & Jiang are currently imprecise. Macromotettixoides is reviewed and compared with allied genera. A re-description is undertaken and a determination key is provided to Macromotettixoides. Macromotettixoides parvula Zha & Wen, sp. n. from the Guizhou Karst Region, China, is described and illustrated with photographs. Observations on the ecology and habits of the new species are recorded. Four current species of Hyboella Hancock are transferred to Macromotettixoides. Variations of the flying organs and tegminal sinus in the Tetrigidae are discussed, which will help to describe them accurately.

Keywords

China, determination key, ecology, habit, Hyboella, Karst Region, Orthoptera, revision, Tetrigoidea

Introduction

The originally monotypic genus Macromotettixoides (Orthoptera: Tetrigidae: Metrodorinae) was erected by Zheng et al. in 2005 with M. jiuwanshanensis Zheng, Wei & Jiang, 2005 as its type species. Deng et al. (2014) gave a systematic study of this genus, which dealt with eight known species. Simultaneously Zheng (2013a) introduced another new species, M. wuyishana Zheng, 2013. Recently Deng (2016) in his dissertation transfered Apterotettix lativertex Zheng, Ou & Zhang, 2012 to this genus and assigned a new name, M. longling (Zheng, Ou & Zhang, 2012) for it, because the epithet ‘lativertex’ had already been used in this genus, also described another new species, M. jinggangshanensis Deng, 2016. As a result, Macromotettixoides currently includes 11 species, which are all distributed in China.

Based on absent tegmen (accordingly tegminal sinus is absent or inconspicuous), Zheng et al. (2005) erected Macromotettixoides to distinguish from Macromotettix Günther, 1939; and for the reason of shortened hind process and with broad and arcuate apex, Zheng et al. (2012) erected Pseudomacromotettix Zheng, Li & Lin, 2012 to separate from Macromotettixoides. To these three allied genera there are some problems we are facing: 1) descriptions to both flying organs and tegminal sinus are ambiguous; 2) descriptions of generic characteristics of Macromotettixoides are vague (Deng et al. 2014, Deng 2016); and 3) features of partial species of Hyboella Hancock, 1915 are also in accord with Macromotettixoides, but the researches above seldom dealt with Hyboella.

In this study Macromotettixoides is examined and compared it with allied genera. At the same time Macromotettixoides parvula Zha & Wen, sp. n., from Guizhou Karst Region, China, is described and illustrated with photographs. Some aspects of ecology and observations of habits of the new species are also recorded.

Material and methods

Specimens were photographed using a stereo microscope (Olympus Corporation, SZX16, Tokyo, Japan), ecological pictures were photographed using a Nikon Coolpix P520 camera. Morphological terminology and measurement landmarks follow Zheng (2005) and Tumbrinck (2014). Measurements are given in millimeters (mm). Type specimens are deposited in the Specimen Room of the School of Life Sciences, Huaibei Normal University, Huaibei, Anhui Province, China.

Taxonomy

Macromotettixoides Zheng, Wei & Jiang, 2005

Macromotettixoides Zheng, Wei & Jiang 2005: 366; Zheng 2005: 176; Deng et al. 2007: 160, 2014: 548; Deng 2011: 543, 2016: 155.

Type species

Macromotettixoides jiuwanshanensis Zheng, Wei & Jiang, 2005 by original designation

Redescription

Size small and stout. Vertex nearly at the same or slightly below the level of anterior margin of pronotum, and decidedly wider than width of one eye; longitudinal furrow (instead of scutellum in most genera of Cladonotinae) relatively shallow, equal to or wider than diameter of scapus (similar to Cladonotinae); antennae filiform, inserted between or below lower margin of eyes. Pronotum roof-like or nearly at the same level; median carina conspicuous, sometime weakly, but not strongly lamellate; hind process short, not surpassing apex of hind femur, apex acute or acutely rounded; posterior angle of lateral lobe turning outwards (differ from Tettiginae (directed downwards and contiguous to the body)), apex truncated or roundly truncated (differ from Scelimeninae (directed sideward as an acute triangle process or a long acute spine)); ventral sinus present, tegminal sinus absent or very inconspicuous; external lateral carina surpassing middle of lower margin of pronotum. Flying organs abbreviated: tegmina invisible; hind wings invisible in most species, visible but never reaching middle of hind process in few species. Female ovipositor narrow and long.

Distribution

China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Taiwan).

Key to species of Macromotettixoides (16 species)

1 Hind wings very small and hidden beneath pronotum, invisible or barely visible 2
Hind wings slightly elongate and nearly reaching middle of hind femur, visible 15
2 Pronotum flattened, nearly at the same level 3
Pronotum, in lateral view, distinctly roof-like 5
3 Anterior margin of pronotum broadly arcuate forward; humeral angles also broadly arcuate (Hainan) M. hainanensis (Liang, 2002), comb. n.
Anterior margin of pronotum truncated; humeral angles obtuse angled 4
4 Vertex 1.4 times as wide as one eye; prozonal carinae contracted backward; hind process reaching middle of hind femur (Taiwan) M. taiwanensis (Liang, 2000), comb. n.
Vertex 2.0 times as wide as one eye; prozonal carinae parallel; hind process reaching knee of hind femur (Guizhou) M. parvula sp. n.
5 Anterior margin of pronotum obtusely angled forward 6
Anterior margin of pronotum truncated 10
6 Upper margin of pronotum wholly arcuate in lateral view; hind process reaching apex of hind femur 7
Upper margin of pronotum, in lateral view, arcuate only before humeral angles while straight or undulated behind humeral angles; hind process not reaching apex of hind femur 9
7 Vertex 3.0 times as wide as one eye, anterior margin obtusely angled (Fujian) M. wuyishana Zheng, 2013a
Vertex 2.1-2.3 times as wide as one eye, anterior margin arcuate 8
8 Vertex together with frontal costa right angled; humeral angles obtusely angled, interhumeral carina absent; middle of posterior margin of female subgenital plate with a triangular protrusion (Guangxi) M. jiuwanshanensis Zheng et al., 2005
Vertex together with frontal costa rounded; humeral angles absent, paired interhumeral carinae presented; posterior margin of female subgenital plate three-tooth-like (Jiangxi) M. jinggangshanensis Deng, 2016
9 Longitudinal furrow between antennal grooves 1.6 times as wide as diameter of scapus; pronotal disc with many net-like wrinkles; humeral angles indistinct; lower margins of fore and mid femora a little undulate (Guangxi) M. lativertex Deng et al., 2014
Longitudinal furrow between antennal grooves as wide as diameter of scapus; pronotal disc smooth; humeral angles arcuate; lower margins of fore and mid femora straight (Jiangxi) M. brachynota Zheng & Shi, 2009
10 Lower margins of fore and mid femora undulated 11
Lower margins of fore and mid femora straight 12
11 Antenna inserted below lower margin of eyes; prozonal carinae parallel; apex of hind process narrow (Sichuan) M. undulatifemura Deng et al., 2012
Antenna inserted between lower margin of eyes; prozonal carinae contracted backward; apex of hind process relatively wide, concave in the middle (Yunnan) M. curvimarginus (Zheng & Xu, 2010), comb. n.
12 Vertex 2.0-2.14 times as wide as one eye; interhumeral carina absent 13
Vertex 1.3-1.6 times as wide as one eye; paired interhumeral carinae presented 14
13 In lateral view upper margin of pronotum before shoulders strongly arcuate; humeral angles obtusely rounded (Hubei) M. wufengensis Zheng et al., 2009
In lateral view upper margin of pronotum straight; humeral broadly arcuate (Hunan) M. badagongshanensis (Zheng, 2013b), comb. n.
14 Vertex 1.3 times as wide as one eye; antenna inserted below lower margin of eyes; in lateral view upper margin of pronotum strongly arcuate before humeral angles while straight behind humeral angles (Fujian) M. zhengi Deng, 2011
Vertex 1.6 times as wide as one eye; antenna inserted between lower margin of eyes; in lateral view upper margin of pronotum nearly straight (Yunnan) M. longling (Zheng et al., 2012)
15 Vertex 2.0 times as wide as one eye; hind process reaching middle of hind femur; lower margin of mid femur undulate (Yunnan) M. cliva Zheng et al., 2006
Vertex 1.5 times as wide as one eye; hind process reaching two-thirds of hind femur; lower margin of mid femur straight (Guizhou) M. aelytra (Zheng et al., 2002), nymph*

*Note: according to descriptions (antegenicular denticle and genicular denticle have not been separated) and drawings of Zheng et al. (2002) and Zheng (2005), the type specimen (only one female) of M. aelytra (Zheng, Li & Shi, 2002) (synonym: Hyboella aelytra Zheng, Li & Shi, 2002 (Zheng et al. 2006)) should be a nymph. Validity of M. aelytra requires more material to confirm its characters, and herein we temporarily place the species in the key.

Macromotettixoides parvula Zha & Wen, sp. n.

Figs 1, 2

Diagnosis

With extremely small size, Macromotettixoides parvula sp. n. can easily be separated from other species of the genus. Other differences are listed in the key to species of Macromotettixoides.

Description

Female. Body size extremely small.

Head. Face and vertex rough, covered with large and small granules. Vertex nearly at the same level but uneven, 2.0 times as wide as one eye, a little contracted forward, protruding forward and slightly surpassing anterior margin of eyes; anterior margin broadly arcuate and depressed, anterior part of lateral carina distinctly folded upward and reaching top of eyes; medial carina distinct and erected in anterior half, but absent in posterior half; paired fossulae deep, behind fossulae vertex slightly elevated on both sides (Fig. 2b). In lateral view face slightly oblique, fastigium (vertex together with frontal costa) rounded and protruding forward; fascial carinae smooth, between lateral ocelli concave, between antennal grooves widely and obtusely triangular forward (Fig. 2d); in frontal view fascial carinae diverged in the middle of inner margin of eyes, longitudinal furrow wide and shallow and nearly forming into a scutellum, between antennal grooves 1.5 times as wide as diameter of scapus (Fig. 2a). Antenna filiform and short, 17-segmented, inserted decidedly below lower margin of eyes, segment 11 longest, 5.0 times as long as wide (Fig. 2a, d). Eyes globose and protruding, over level of anterior margin of pronotum, lateral ocelli placed at lower one third of inner margin of eyes (Fig. 2a).

Figure 1.

Macromotettixoides parvula sp. n. a oblique-lateral view of female body b lateral view of female body c dorsal view of male body. Scale bars 1.0 mm.

Figure 2.

Macromotettixoides parvula sp. n. a frontal view of female head b dorsal view of female head c left-lateral view of female tegmen and hind wing after uncovering the pronotum d lateral view of female head and anterior pronotum e lateral view of female ovipositor and subgenital plate f ventral view of female subgenital plate g lateral view of male subgenital plate h left-lateral view of female hind tarsus. Scale bars 0.5 mm.

Thorax. Pronotum disc very coarse, covered with big and small granules and many thick and net-like wrinkles (Fig. 1). Anterior margin truncated and wide, paired extralateral carinae indistinct (Fig. 2b); pronotum in the center between posterior sulcus and humeral angles slightly elevated, otherwise nearly at the same level. Median carina entire and thick, between sulci distinctly elevated with swollen base, behind humeral angles with a protrusion, the posterior protrusions lower and indistinct; in lateral view upper margin undulate, the first sinusoidal wave occur between sulci, longest and highest, in the middle with a deep concavity, followed by the second wave behind humeral angles, the posterior waves low and nearly at the same height. Prozonal carinae conspicuous, thick, erected and parallel (Fig. 2b); humeral angles obtuse angled and low, pronotum disc behind humeral angles covered with many reticular wrinkles; hind process reaching knees (three males and two females) or barely surpass apex of hind femur (one female), apex sharp-rounded; external lateral carina straight, distinctly surpassing middle of lower margin and reaching two-thirds of hind femur, folded upward indistinctly behind humeral angles; lateral carina of pronotum before apex curved inward; posterior angle of lateral lobe of pronotum extending turning outwards, margin smooth, apex truncated and anterior margin of apex rounded; posterior margin of each lateral lobe with one concavity. Tegmina and wings extremely degenerated, long and oval, apices acute, wing distinctly larger than tegmen, both hidden beneath pronotum and invisible (Fig. 2c). Margins of all femora serrate except base of upper margin of hind femur, upper margins of fore and mid femora nearly straight while lower margins with two teeth (basal and middle) each; hind femur stout, 2.3 times as long as wide, upper margin before antegenicular denticle with a small tooth, other teeth on upper and lower margins indistinct; antegenicular denticle slightly isolated, low, apex or nearly right angled or a little sharp, genicular denticle finger-like, extending backward and apex obtuse; margins of fore and mid tibiae straight; two inner margins of hind tibia serrate, terminal part slightly wider than basal part, outer/inner side with 6-7/4-6 spines; first segment of hind tarsus 1.35 times as long as second plus third, first and second pulvilli small and apices sharp, third pulvillus large and apex obtuse (Fig. 2h).

Abdomen. Ovipositor: upper valva about 4.0 times as long as wide, upper margin arcuate, sub-base widest, in the middle slightly distorted inward, then slightly turn outward and at last inward again; outer margins of upper and lower valvae with saw-like teeth, but base of upper valva smooth (Fig. 2e). Subgenital plate: length nearly equal to width, median carina distinct in anterior part, posterior margin nearly truncated and in the middle triangularly protruding which is slightly folded inward (Fig. 2f).

Coloration. Body dark or dark brown (Fig. 1). Antennae brown, color of terminal 3-5 segments dark, color of the two segments of before and after the longest segment a little light (Fig. 2d). Sometimes both the posterior part of pronotum and the posterior part of outer side of hind femur brown. All tibiae with three yellowish brown rings each, but basal and middle rings of hind tibia large. More or less, infrascapular area, teeth on lower margins of fore and mid femora, upper and lower margin of hind femur, and outer sides of all femora maculated with yellowish brown.

Male. Slightly smaller than female (Fig. 1). Vertex also 2.0 times as wide as one eye; antenna 16 segmented, segment 10 longest. Subgenital plate short cone-shaped, apex nearly truncated, upper apex bifurcate and forming into two obtuse and very short teeth (Fig. 2g). Other characters same as female.

Measurements

Length of body ♂5.8–6.2 mm, ♀7.5–8.3 mm; length of pronotum ♂5.8–6.0 mm, ♀6.3–7.0 mm; length of hind femur ♂4.1–4.3 mm, ♀4.2–4.5 mm; length of antenna ♂, ♀2.6–2.8 mm.

Type material

Holotype female, China, Guizhou, Leishan, Leigongshan Mountain, N26°22'18.25", E108°11'28.06", 1430 m alt, 2 Aug. 2016, collected by Lingsheng ZHA. Paratypes: three males and two females, Leigongshan Mountain, 1300–1600 m alt, 1–3 Aug. 2016, collected by Lingsheng ZHA.

Ecology and habits

Specimens of Macromotettixoides parvula sp. n. were collected and observed among low and sparse shrubs with fall-leaf layers in gullies, slopes and a dry stream bed in humid rainforests of Karst Region (Fig. 3). They are very small and not easy to find; they move quickly and they like to jump into shrubs when being disturbed. They mainly feed on humus. We infer their adults may prefer to stay in sandy soil, because body surfaces of most specimens are covered tightly by sandy soil (Zha et al. 2016a, fig. 1a, b).

Figure 3.

Habitat environment of Macromotettixoides parvula sp. n. a a gully in a broad-leaved forest b border of a stream. Pictures were photographed by Lingsheng Zha in China, Guizhou, Leishan, Leigongshan Mountain, 2 Aug 2016.

Etymology

The new species epithet ‘parvula’ means body size is extremely small.

Distribution

China (Guizhou). Only found in Leigongshan Mountain (Leishan County).

Discussion

Flying organs and tegminal sinus in Tetrigidae

According to Zha et al. (2016b), hind wings of Tetrigidae can be divided into four types: ‘normal’ (developed, nearly reach apex of hind process or more), ‘abbreviated’ (never reach middle of hind process, but distinctly longer than tegmen), ‘vestigial’ (shorter than tegmen) and ‘apterous’ (absent, degenerated completely). In Macromotettixoides and Pseudomacromotettix, we believe their tegmina are presented and their hind wings belong to the ‘abbreviated’ (Fig. 2c) or ‘vestigial’ type, so using ‘absent’ to describe their small flying organs is exactly not suitable if not uncovering pronota. In this report, we use ‘invisible’ to replace ‘absent’/‘wanting’ for describing tegmen and wing. To some species of ‘abbreviated’ or ‘vestigial’ type, a little visible parts of their fly organs may vary distinctly even become invisible among the same species, which should not be considered as a valuable taxonomic character (Zha et al. 2016b). We also believe tegminal sinus varies according to tegmen strictly during evolution. In other words, normal tegmen means that the tegminal sinus is conspicuous; on the contrary, invisible or a little visible tegmen has determined that the tegminal sinus is absent or shallow.

Relationships between Macromotettixoides and its allied genera

In order to clarify relationship between Macromotettixoides and its allied genera, we summarize their main differences, based on their known species, as in Table 1. Undoubtedly, Macromotettixoides is most similar to Pseudomacromotettix and Macromotettix (see Introduction and Table 1).

Main differences between Macromotettixoides and its allied genera.

Characters
Genera
Vertex and anterior margin of pronotum Antenna inserted above, between or below lower margin of eye Tegminal sinus External lateral carina reaching lower margin of pronotum
Nearly at the same level Vertex distinctly higher Lower 1/3 of inner margin Between or slightly below Far away below Absent or inconspicuous Presented Middle or more Before middle
Pseudomacromotettix
Macromotettixoides
Macromotettix
Hyboella √?
Cotysoides
Bolivaritettix
Mazarredia
Xistrella

According to Hancock (1915), Günther (1939), Zheng (2005) and Deng (2016), the typical characteristic of Hyboella is a pronotum distinctly humpbacked and elevated before the shoulders while depressed and flattened behind shoulders. This characteristic can separate Hyboella from Pseudomacromotettix, Macromotettix, Cotysoides Zheng & Jiang, 2000, and Bolivaritettix Günther, 1939 where their pronota are wholly roof-like or nearly at the same level. Notably, partial species of Macromotettixoides also have this similar character (see the key)! The type species of Hyboella, H. tentata Hancock, 1915, not only possesses this typical characteristic, but also has a conspicuous tegminal sinus and normal flying organs. Therefore, only depending upon the conspicuous tegminal sinus and normal flying organs can one separate Hyboella from Macromotettixoides (Table 1). In light of this, we suggest that species currently placed in Hyboella whose tegminal sinus is absent (accordingly, the tegmen is invisible), and also whose hind wing is ‘abbreviated’ or ‘vestigial’, should be transferred to Macromotettixoides. Just as in species of Macromotettixoides, we also believe no ‘apterous’ species occurr in Hyboella.

Herein we transfer the related Chinese species of Hyboella whose tegminal sinuses are all absent (their flying organs are all invisible); also their pronota do not meet the typical characteristic of Hyboella (wholly roof-like or flattened), into Macromotettixoides as follows:

Macromotettixoides badagongshanensis (Zheng, 2013b), comb. n. = Hyboella badagongshanensis Zheng, 2013b;

M. curvimarginus (Zheng & Xu, 2010), comb. n. = H. curvimarginus Zheng & Xu, 2010;

M. hainanensis (Liang, 2002), comb. n. = H. hainanensis Liang, 2002;

M. taiwanensis (Liang, 2000), comb. n. = H. taiwanensis Liang, 2000.

Acknowledgements

We sincerely thank Dr. Josef Tumbrinck and Dr. Josip Skejo who provided feedback and suggestions, and Dr. Fernando Montealegre-Z who offered careful corrections which improved the manuscript. This work was supported by the Science Research Foundation of Guizhou University (GZUKEY20160701).

References

  • Deng WA (2011) A taxonomic study on the genus Macromotettixoides Zheng (Orthoptera, Tetrigoidea, Metrodorinae). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 36(3): 543–546.
  • Deng WA (2016) Taxonomic study of Tetrigoidea from China. Dissertation, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 341 pp.
  • Deng WA, Lei CL, Zheng ZM, Li XD, Lin LL, Lin MP (2014) Description of a new species of the genus Macromotettixoides Zheng (Orthoptera: Tetrigoidea: Metrodorinae) from China. Neotropical Entomology 43: 547–554. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13744-014-0237-6
  • Deng WA, Zheng ZM, Yang RG (2012) A new species in the genus Macromotettixoides Zheng (Orthoptera: Tetrigoidea: Metrodoridae) from Sichuan, China. Entomotaxonomia 34(2): 120–122.
  • Deng WA, Zheng ZM, Wei SZ (2007) Fauna of the Tetrigoidea from Yunnan and Guangxi. Guangxi Science & Technology Press, Nanning, 458 pp.
  • Günther K (1939) Revision der Acrydiinae (Orthoptera), III, Sectio Amorphopi (Metrodorae Bol. 1887, aut.). Abhandlungen und Berichte aus den Staatlichen Museen für Tierkunde und Völkerkunde in Dresden (Ser. A: Zool.) 20: 16–335.
  • Hancock JL (1915) Indian Tetriginae (Acrydiinae). Records of the Indian Museum 11: 55–137.
  • Liang GQ (2000) Three new species of Tetrigoidea (Orthoptera) from China. In: Zhang YL (Ed.) Systematic and Faunistic Research on Chinese Insects. China Agriculture Press, Beijing, 26–30.
  • Liang GQ (2002) Orthoptera: Tetrigoidea. In: Huang FS (Ed.) Forest Insects of Hainan. Science Press, Beijing, 92–99.
  • Tumbrinck J (2014) Taxonomic revision of the Cladonotinae (Orthoptera: Tetrigidae) from the islands of South-East Asia and from Australia, with general remarks to the classification and morphology of the Tetrigidae and descriptions of new genera and species from New Guinea and New Caledonia. In: Telnov D (Ed.) Biodiversity, biogeography and nature conservation in Wallacea and New Guinea, Volume II. Riga, the Entomological Society of Latvia, 345–396.
  • Zha LS, Wen TC, Boonmee S, Eungwanichayapant PD (2016b) Notes on the genus Yunnantettix Zheng (Tetrigidae: Cladonotinae), with descriptions of two new species from Thailand. Zootaxa 4205(4): 373–385. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4205.4.6
  • Zheng ZM (2005) Fauna of Tetrigoidea from Western China. Science Press, Beijing, 501 pp.
  • Zheng ZM (2013a) A new species of the genus Macromotettixoides Zheng (Orthoptera: Metrodoridae) from Fujian Province. Entomotaxonomia 35(4): 241–244.
  • Zheng ZM (2013b) Key to the species of Systolederus, Hyboella, Bolivaritettix (Orthoptera: Tetrigoidea: Metrodoridae) from China with descriptions of three new species. Journal of Shangqiu Normal University 29(12): 1–13.
  • Zheng ZM, Jiang GF (2000) New genus and new species of Metrodoridae from Guangxi (Orthoptera: Tetrigoidea). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 25(4): 402–405.
  • Zheng ZM, Li HH, Lin LL (2012) A new genus and a new species of Metrodoridae from Taiwan (Orthoptera). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 37(2): 329–330.
  • Zheng ZM, Li K, Shi FM (2002) Revision of the genus Hyboella Hancock from China (Tetrigoidea: Metrodoridae). Journal of Shaanxi Normal University (Natural Science Edition) 30(4): 12–17
  • Zheng ZM, Li P, Wan B, Niu Y (2006) A revision of Macromotettixoides Zheng from China (Orthoptera: Metrodoridae). Journal of Huazhong Agricultural University 25(6): 603–605.
  • Zheng ZM, Mao BY, Xu JS (2010) A preliminary survey of Tetrigoidea from southwestern Yunnan Province (Insecta: Orthoptera). Jorunal of Dali University 9(4): 1–12.
  • Zheng ZM, Ou XH, Zhang HL (2012) A new record genus and a new species of Metrodoridae from China (Orthoptera). Journal of Shaanxi Normal University (Natural Science Edition) 40(4): 54–55.
  • Zheng ZM, Shi FM (2009) Five new species of Tetrigoidea from Jiangxi Province of China (Orthoptera). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 34(3): 572–577.
  • Zheng ZM, Wei XJ, Li M (2009) Five new species of Tetrigoidea from China (Orthoptera). Journal of Huazhong Agricultural University 28(2): 141–147.
  • Zheng ZM, Wei ZM, Jiang GF (2005) A new genus and a new species of Metrodoridae (Orthoptera) from China. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 30(2): 366–367.