Catalogue
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Catalogue
Type material of Platyhelminthes (Monogenoidea) housed in the Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute/ FIOCRUZ (CHIOC), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 1979 to 2016
expand article infoDaniela A. Lopes, Adriana Mainenti, Magda Sanches, Marcelo Knoff, Delir Corrêa-Gomes
‡ IOC-FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Open Access

Abstract

A catalogue of type material of monogenoids deposited in the Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute, FIOCRUZ (CHIOC), between 1979 and 2016, is presented, given that the last list of types was produced in 1979. The monogenoid collection comprises type lots for 203 species, distributed across 14 families and 68 genera. Specific names are listed systematically, followed by type host, infection site, type locality, specimens with the collection numbers and references. The classification and the nomenclature of the species have been updated.

Keywords

Catalogue, helminths, holotype, monogenoids, paratype

Introduction

Natural history collections provide important documentary evidence of biodiversity and the information that they contain is very useful. In the case of helminthological collections, the specimens acquired have been a source not only for knowledge of helminth biodiversity, but also for parasitological studies on taxonomy, systematics and identification of causes of zoonoses. The century-old Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute, FIOCRUZ (CHIOC), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, contains helminths that form part of the fauna of Brazil and other countries, from a wide range of hosts that were caught in different biomes. The samples are holotypes, paratypes and representative specimens of Platyhelminthes (Trematoda, Cestoda and Monogenoidea), Acanthocephala, Nematoda and other non-helminth phyla, such as Annelida and Arthropoda. Recently, a large number of species of Monogenoidea were deposited in the CHIOC, which reflects the increased number of taxonomists working on this group in Brazil.

History and composition of the collection

The CHIOC celebrated its centenary in 2013. Its history is intertwined with that of the Laboratory of Helminth Parasites of Vertebrates of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute (LHPV–IOC), which began with the fieldwork of Gomes de Faria and his student Lauro Travassos (Faria and Travassos 1913). The Collection also received important contributions from other researchers at that time and, since then, it has increased in size through incorporation of private and institutional collections of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries (Noronha 2004, Noronha et al. 2004, 2009).

Today, the CHIOC holds around 38.400 samples of helminth parasites from South America and other continents. It is the biggest collection in Latin America and it is among the largest collections at a worldwide reference level (Rego 1982, Knoff et al. 2010), not only because of the number of types, but also because of the number of representative specimens (vouchers) that it contains. The collection has been constantly expanding through the large numbers of deposits made by Brazilian and foreign researchers. Some samples of arthropods (mainly pentastomids) and annelids (parasitic leeches) have also been accepted for inclusion in the collection, thus expanding its original nature of focusing on helminthological parasites of vertebrates, and resulting in a diversified parasitological collection.

All the material is organized according to the lots, which are numbered, recorded in an entry book, and digitized into a database. They are maintained in modern steel sliding closets and in a freezer that maintains some specimens and eggs of Schistosoma mansoni Sambon, 1907 (Trematoda) at -30 °C. Most of the information on the sample collections is available on the CHIOC web page (http://chioc.fiocruz.br/) and through the speciesLink network of the Environmental Information Reference Center (CRIA). Deposits and loans of specimens, permission for visits to examine samples in loco, loans of books and reprints, mini-courses and lectures focusing on the history of the CHIOC, and professional capacitation courses are included among the facilities of this Collection.

The first and only catalogue of the type material held in the CHIOC was published by Rego et al. (1979). They recorded 719 types (only holotypes or type series) of helminths, including 408 of nematodes, 227 of trematodes (Digenea and Monogenoidea), 52 of acanthocephalans, 28 of cestodes and four of pentastomids. Subsequent to this publication, the collection has grown substantially and the number of types has increased significantly as well. The purpose of this article is to inform the scientific community about the acquisitions of the CHIOC by publishing a catalogue of types deposited up to August 1, 2016. Because of the large number of types, we are starting with the species of Monogenoidea. We have followed the articles 73–75 of the Code (ICZN 1999).

Material and methods

The specimens are stored in glass or plastic vials in 70% ethanol or as microscope slide preparations. All the material is available for consultation, but holotypes are not loaned. Unless otherwise stated, all type material is in good condition.

The catalogue is arranged taxonomically as subclasses, families, genera and species, under the original spelling and combinations. Subclasses are arranged following phylogenetic order. Families, genera and species are arranged alphabetically. The information on each entry is presented in the following format:

  1. Original genus-species combination with author(s) and year of publication. Asterisk (*) denotes the type species of the genus.

  2. Type host: species, author(s) and principal taxonomic group in brackets.

  3. Infestation or infection site in the host.

  4. Type locality: country, province or state, department, specific locality and coordinates (if available).

  5. Primary type status: CHIOC catalogue number. The categories for the types used followed articles 73–75 of the Code (ICZN 1999).

  6. Remark sections are inserted when necessary and include additional information about host, locality or status of the types.

  7. References include publications in which the species was described and those that mention type specimens in the CHIOC.

The valid names adopted for parasitized hosts follow the most recent bibliography. Fish names are present in accordance with Froese and Pauly (2016) and turtle names, in accordance with Fritz and Havaš (2007, 2013). Mention of the monogenoids and host species in this list does not imply that the authors of the present report agree with their validity or taxonomy. Some monogenoids species catalogued have been synonymized and the comments about their taxonomy are in the Remarks sections. The higher classification of Monogenoidea follows Boeger and Kritsky (1993), and for families and genera follows specific references.

The following abbreviations are used in the text:

AHC SAMA Australian Helminthological Collection of the South Australian Museum, North Terrace, Adelaide, Australia

BMNH British Museum of Natural History, Collection at the Department of Zoology, Natural History Museum, London, England

CHIOC Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

CHMLP Helminthological Collection of the Museum of La Plata, La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina

CNHE National Collection of Helminths, Institute of Biology, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico

HWML Harold W. Manter Laboratory, University of Nebraska State Museum, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA

INPA National Institute for Amazon Research, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil

IPCAS/IPCR/ASCR Institute of Parasitology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, České Budějovice, Czech Republic

MNHN National Museum of Natural History, Paris, France

MPEG Invertebrate Collection of the Emílio Goeldi Museum, Belém, Pará, Brazil

MPM Meguro Parasitological Museum, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, Japan

MZUSP Helminthological Collection of the Zoology Museum, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

PC–IBPRAS Parasitological Collection of the Institute of Biology and Pedology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, Russia

QM Queensland Museum, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

UNICAMP Collection of the Natural History Museum of the University of Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

USNM United States National Museum, Beltsville, Maryland, USA

USNPC United States National Parasitological Collection, Beltsville, Maryland, USA

ZIAC Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg, Russia

Results and discussion

This database and bibliographic survey presents the diversity of Monogenoidea types in CHIOC, from Brazil and other countries in the world, covering more than 35 years of parasitological studies. This catalogue is the second list of type species held in this Collection. The only previous checklist recorded only 11 type species of monogenoids, without considering paratypes (Rego et al. 1979). Now, there is a total of approximately 1100 primary types of Monogenoidea, represented by 203 species distributed across 14 families and 68 genera. Dactylogyridae is the most representative family, with 141 species, followed by Gyrodactylidae, with 29. These numbers illustrate the importance of the parasitological collection of the CHIOC, which is among the most significant in Latin America, together with other collections in Mexico and Argentina (Lamothe-Argumedo et al. 2010, Tablado and Tricárico 2010, Lunaschi et al. 2012).

It was observed that 93% of the type species of monogenoids catalogued in this Collection were parasites of bony fish. Only 12 species were parasites of cartilaginous fishes (Potamotrygonidae) and two monogenoids were parasites of turtles (Kinosternidae and Chelidae). All those samples were collected mainly in Brazil (95%), from all regions of this country. This situation could be a reflection of the large number of studies carried out on fish from Brazilian rivers and the Atlantic Ocean, and especially, of the increase in knowledge of monogenoids in Brazil that has been achieved since the late 1960s (Cohen et al. 2013).

List of type species

Phylum Platyhelminthes Gegenbaur, 1859

Class Monogenoidea Bychowsky, 1937

Subclass Polyonchoinea Bychowsky, 1937
Capsalidae Baird, 1853
Caballerocotyla Price, 1960

Caballerocotyla lenti Mogrovejo & Santos, 2002

Type host

Auxis thazard (Lacépède, 1800) (Osteichthyes: Scombridae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, coastal zone of Rio de Janeiro State (22°55'S, 40°18'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 34938.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34939, 34940, 34941.

Remarks

The species is referred to as Caballerocotyla magronum (Ishii, 1936) by Cohen et al. (2013). Gibson and Bray (2016) consider the species to be a synonym of Capsala magronum (Ishii, 1936).

References

Mogrovejo and Santos (2002), Gibson and Bray (2016).

Caballerocotyla llewelyni Kohn & Justo, 2006

Type host

Katsuwonus pelamis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Osteichthyes: Scombridae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, coastal zone of Rio de Janeiro State (22°55'S, 40°18'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36611 a.

Paratype

CHIOC 36611 b.

Remarks

The species is referred to as Caballerocotyla katsuwoni (Ishii, 1936) by Cohen et al. (2013).Gibson and Bray (2016) consider the species to be a synonym of Capsala katsuwoni (Ishii, 1936).

References

Kohn and Justo (2006), Gibson and Bray (2016).

Encotylabe Diesing, 1850

Encotyllabe souzalimae Carvalho & Luque, 2012

Type host

Trichiurus lepturus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Osteichthyes: Trichiuridae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Guanabara Bay (23°1'52"S, 43°11'56"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37382.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37383, 37384, 37385.

Reference

Carvalho and Luque (2012).

Nasicola Yamaguti, 1968

Nasicola brasiliensis Kohn, Baptista-Farias, Santos & Gibson, 2004

Type host

Thunnus obesus (Lowe, 1839) (Osteichthyes: Scombridae).

Infection site

Nasal cavities.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, off Cabo Frio (22°52'46"S, 42°01'07"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 34924 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34924 b, 34925 a–b, 34935.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the BMNH collection.

Reference

Kohn et al. (2004).

Sprostoniella Bychowsky & Nagibina, 1967

Sprostoniella micrancyra Cezar, Luque & Amato, 1999

Type host

Chaetodipterus faber (Broussonet, 1782) (Osteichthyes: Ephippidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, coastal zone of Rio de Janeiro State (21–23°S, 41–45°W).

Holotype

CHIOC 34000 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34000 b–d.

Remarks

Other paratype deposited in CNHE.

Reference

Cezar et al. (1999).

Dactylogyridae Bychowsky, 1933
Ameloblastella Kritsky, Mendoza-Franco & Scholz, 2000

Ameloblastella paranaensis (França, Isaac, Pavanelli & Takemoto, 2003) Mendoza-Franco & Scholz, 2009

Type host

Iheringichthys labrosus (Lütken, 1874) (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, upper Paraná River floodplain (22°43'S, 53°10'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 34598 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34598 b, 34588 a–d.

Remarks

Material deposited as Pseudovancleaveus paranaensis. Mendoza-Franco and Scholz (2009) transferred Pseudovancleaveus to Ameloblastella.

References

França et al. (2003), Mendoza-Franco and Scholz (2009), Monteiro et al. (2010a).

Anacanthoroides Kritsky & Thatcher, 1976

Anacanthoroides sanctifrancisci Monteiro & Brasil-Sato, 2014

Type host

Prochilodus argenteus Spix & Agassiz, 1829 (Osteichthyes: Prochilodontidae).

Infection site

Gill filaments.

Type locality

Brazil, Minas Gerais State, São Francisco River near Três Marias Reservoir (18°12'32"S, 45°14'41"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37914.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37915, 37916 a–b, 37917, 37918 a–c, 37919, 37920 a–b.

Reference

Monteiro and Brasil-Sato (2014a).

Anacanthorus Mizelle & Price, 1965

Anacanthorus acuminatus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Triportheus angulatus (Spix & Agassiz, 1829) (Osteichthyes: Triportheidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Furo do Catalão near Manaus.

Paratype

CHIOC 33369.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality.Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kritsky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus adkruidenieri Monteiro, Cohen & Brasil-Sato, 2015

Type host

Salminus franciscanus Lima & Britski, 2007 (Osteichthyes: Bryconidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Minas Gerais State, São Francisco River near Três Marias Reservoir (18°12'32"S, 45°15'41"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 38018 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 38017 a–b, 38018 b–e, 38019 a–d, 38020 a–d

Reference

Monteiro et al. (2015).

Anacanthorus alatus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Triportheus albus Cope, 1872

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Furo do Catalão near Manaus.

Paratype

CHIOC 33365.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kristky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus amazonicus Van Every & Kristky, 1992

Type host

Serrasalmus rhombeus (Linnaeus, 1766) (Osteichthyes: Serrasalmidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Água Branca stream, Pitinga River.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33389 a–b.

Remarks

Specimens from CHIOC collected in the Uatamã River. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Van Every and Kristky (1992).

Anacanthorus bellus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Triportheus albus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Furo do Catalão near Manaus.

Paratype

CHIOC 33366.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kristky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus bicuspidatus Cohen, Kohn & Boeger, 2012

Type host

Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier, 1816)

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River, below and above of the reservoir of Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Station, in the locality of Guaíra (24°04'48"S, 54°15'21"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37595.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37587, 37588, 37598 a–b, 37600, 37604, 37612, 37613, 37623, 37631, 37722, 37730.

Reference

Cohen et al. (2012).

Anacanthorus brevicirrus Monteiro, Kritsky & Brasil-Sato, 2010

Type host

Brycon orthotaenia (Günther, 1864) (Osteichthyes: Bryconidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Minas Gerais State, São Francisco River near Três Marias Reservoir (18°12'32"S, 45°15'41"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37333 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37333 b–c, 37334.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the collections of INPA, IPCAS and USNM.

Reference

Monteiro et al. (2010b).

Anacanthorus calophallus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Triportheus elongatus (Günther, 1864)

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Solimões River near Marchantaria Island.

Paratype

CHIOC 33377.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kritsky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus carinatus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Triportheus angulatus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Bairro São Jorge.

Paratype

CHIOC 33370.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kritsky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus catoprioni Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Catoprion mento (Cuvier, 1819) (Osteichthyes: Serrasalmidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Uatumã River, Balbina.

Paratype

CHIOC 33383.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kritsky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus chelophorus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Triportheus angulatus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Bairro São Jorge.

Paratype

CHIOC 33371.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kritsky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus cinctus Van Every & Kristky, 1992

Type host

Pristobrycon striolatus (Steindachner, 1908)

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Uatumã River, Samaumã Lake.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33605 a–b.

Remarks

Specimens deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Van Every and Kritsky (1992).

Anacanthorus cladophallus Van Every & Kristky, 1992

Type host

Serrasalmus spilopleura Kner, 1858

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Solimões River near Marchantaria Island.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33393 a–b.

Remarks

Specimens deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Van Every and Kritsky (1992).

Anacanthorus contortus Cohen, Kohn & Boeger, 2012

Type host

Salminus brasiliensis

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River, below and above of the reservoir of Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Station, Guaíra (24°04'48"S, 54°15'21"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37662 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37583, 37601 a–c, 37605, 37615, 37620 a–b, 37621 a–b, 37626, 37632, 37660 a–c, 37662 b, 37705, 37706, 37707, 37714, 37716, 37718 a–b, 37721, 37724, 37727 a–b, 37729.

Reference

Cohen et al. (2012).

Anacanthorus cornutus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Triportheus angulatus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Bairro São Jorge.

Paratype

CHIOC 33372.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kritsky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus crytocaulus Van Every & Kristky, 1992

Type host

Pristobrycon striolatus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Uatumã River, Samaumã Lake.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33606 a–b.

Remarks

Specimens deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Van Every and Kritsky (1992).

Anacanthorus daulometrus Cohen, Kohn & Boeger, 2012

Type host

Salminus brasiliensis

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River, below and above of the reservoir of Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Station, Guaíra (24°04'48"S, 54°15'21"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37681.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37596, 37602, 37614, 37630, 37636, 37641, 37659, 37663, 37666 a–c, 37668, 37671, 37683, 37684, 37709 a–b, 37711 a–c, 37713 a–b, 37717, 37726, 37728.

Reference

Cohen et al. (2012).

Anacanthorus dipelecinus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Roeboides myersii Gill, 1870 (Osteichthyes: Characidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Solimões River near Marchantaria Island.

Paratype

CHIOC 33600.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kritsky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus douradensis Cohen, Kohn & Boeger, 2012

Type host

Salminus brasiliensis

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River, below and above of the reservoir of Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Station, Guaíra (24°04'48"S, 54°15'21"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37594.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37584, 37599 a–b, 37610, 37611, 37616, 37654, 37679.

Reference

Cohen et al. (2012).

Anacanthorus euryphallus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Triportheus angulatus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Furo do Catalão near Manaus.

Paratype

CHIOC 33373.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kritsky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus formosus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Triportheus elongatus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Furo do Catalão near Manaus.

Paratype

CHIOC 33378.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kritsky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus franciscanus Monteiro, Kritsky & Brasil-Sato, 2010

Type host

Brycon orthotaenia

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Minas Gerais State, São Francisco River near Três Marias Reservoir (18°12'32"S, 45°15'41"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37330.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37331 a–e, 37332.

Remarks

Other material deposited in the collections of INPA, IPCAS and USNM.

Reference

Monteiro et al. (2010b).

Anacanthorus furculus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Triportheus elongatus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Solimões River near Manaus.

Paratype

CHIOC 33379.

Remarks

Specimen from CHIOC collected in the Manaus Fish market. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kritsky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus glyptophallus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Triportheus angulatus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Bairro São Jorge.

Paratype

CHIOC 33374.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kritsky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus gravihamulatus Van Every & Kristky, 1992

Type host

Serrasalmus rhombeus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Uatumã River, Água Branca stream, Pitinga River.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33391 a–b.

Remarks

Specimens deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Van Every and Kristky (1992).

Anacanthorus jegui Van Every & Kristky, 1992

Type host

Serrasalmus rhombeus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Uatumã River, a tributary of Amazonas River.

Paratype

CHIOC 33390.

Remarks

Specimen from CHIOC collected in the Pitinga River, Água Branca stream (Amazonas State). Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Van Every and Kristky (1992).

Anacanthorus lasiophallus Van Every & Kristky, 1992

Type host

Pristobrycon striolatus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Água Branca stream, Pitinga River.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33607 a–b.

Remarks

Specimens from CHIOC collected in the Samaumã Lake, Uatumã River (Amazonas State). Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Van Every and Kristky (1992).

Anacanthorus lepyrophallus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Serrasalmus elongatus Kner, 1858

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Negro River near Manaus.

Paratype

CHIOC 33385.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kristky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus mastigophallus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Pristobrycon eigenmanni Norman, 1929

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Uatumã River, Nazaré.

Paratype

CHIOC 33602.

Remarks

Specimen from CHIOC collected in Santa Luzia, Uatumã River. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kristky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus mesocondylus Van Every & Kristky, 1992

Type host

Serrasalmus elongatus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Solimões River near Marchantaria Island.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33384 a–b.

Remarks

Specimens deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Van Every and Kristky (1992).

Anacanthorus nanus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Triportheus angulatus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Bairro São Jorge.

Paratype

CHIOC 33375.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kristky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus palamophallus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Pristobrycon eigenmanni

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Uatumã River, Nazaré.

Paratype

CHIOC 33603.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kristky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus paradouradensis Monteiro, Cohen & Brasil-Sato, 2015

Type host

Salminus franciscanus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Minas Gerais State, São Francisco River near Três Marias Reservoir (18°12'32"S, 45°15'41"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 38023 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 38021 a–d, 38022 a–c, 38023 b–d, 38024 a–d.

Reference

Monteiro et al. (2015).

Anacanthorus parakruidenieri Cohen, Kohn & Boeger, 2012

Type host

Salminus brasiliensis

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River, below and above of the reservoir of Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Station, Guaíra (24°04'48"S, 54°15'21"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37656.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37603 a–b, 37617, 37624, 37633 a–b, 37639, 37661 a–b, 37697.

Reference

Cohen et al. (2012).

Anacanthorus paraspathulatus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Mylossoma duriventre (Cuvier, 1818) [= Mylossoma duriventris] (Osteichthyes: Serrasalmidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Solimões River near Marchantaria Island.

Paratype

CHIOC 33396.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kristky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus pedanophallus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Myleus rubripinnis (Müller & Troschel, 1844) [= Myleus rubripinnus] (Osteichthyes: Serrasalmidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Uatumã River, Nazaré.

Paratype

CHIOC 33397.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kristky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus pelorophallus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Triportheus elongatus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Solimões River near Marchantaria Island.

Paratype

CHIOC 33380.

Remarks

Specimen from CHIOC collected in the Manaus Fish market. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kristky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus penilabiatus Boeger, Husak & Martins, 1995

Type host

Piaractus mesopotamicus (Holmberg, 1887) (Osteichthyes: Serrasalmidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, São Paulo State, Jaboticabal, Aquaculture Center of the Paulista State University.

Holotype

CHIOC 33268 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33268 b–j.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the collections of HWML and USNM.

Reference

Boeger et al. (1995b).

Anacanthorus periphallus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Serrasalmus sp.

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Furo do Catalão near Manaus.

Paratype

CHIOC 33395.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kristky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus pithophallus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Triportheus angulatus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Bairro São Jorge.

Paratype

CHIOC 33376.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kristky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus prodigiosus Van Every & Kristky, 1992

Type host

Serrasalmus elongatus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Negro River near Manaus.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33386 a–b.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Van Every and Kristky (1992).

Anacanthorus quinqueramus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Triportheus albus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Furo do Catalão near Manaus.

Paratype

CHIOC 33367.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kristky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus ramosissimus Van Every Boeger & Kristky, 1992

Type host

Serrasalmus elongatus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Solimões River near Marchantaria Island.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33387 a–b.

Remarks

Specimens deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Van Every and Kristky (1992).

Anacanthorus ramulosus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Triportheus albus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Furo do Catalão near Manaus.

Paratype

CHIOC 33368.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kristky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus scapanus Van Every & Kristky, 1992

Type host

Serrasalmus spilopleura

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Solimões River near Marchantaria Island.

Paratype

CHIOC 33394.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Van Every and Kristky (1992).

Anacanthorus sciponophallus Van Every & Kristky, 1992

Type host

Serrasalmus elongatus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Solimões River near Marchantaria Island.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33388 a–b.

Remarks

Specimens deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Van Every and Kristky (1992).

Anacanthorus serrasalmi Van Every & Kristky, 1992

Type host

Serrasalmus rhombeus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Água Branca stream, Pitinga River.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33392 a–b.

Remarks

Specimens from CHIOC collected in the Uatumã River (Amazonas State). Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Van Every and Kristky (1992).

Anacanthorus spinatus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Myleus rubripinnis

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Uatumã River, Nazaré.

Paratype

CHIOC 33398.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kristky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus stachophallus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Pygocentrus nattereri Kner, 1858 (Osteichthyes: Serrasalmidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Solimões River near Marchantaria Island.

Paratype

CHIOC 33601.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kristky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus stagmophallus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Myleus rubripinnis

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Uatumã River, Nazaré.

Paratype

CHIOC 33399.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kristky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus strongylophallus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Triportheus elongatus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Solimões River near Marchantaria Island.

Paratype

CHIOC 33381.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kristky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus toledoensis Leão, São Clemente & Cohen, 2015

Type host

Piaractus mesopotamicus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River, in the locality of Toledo (24°44'29.0"S, 53°44'51.2"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37905 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37905 b–c.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the INPA collection.

Reference

Leão et al. (2015).

Anacanthorus tricornis Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Triportheus elongatus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Solimões River near Marchantaria Island.

Paratype

CHIOC 33382.

Remarks

Specimen deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kristky et al. (1992).

Anacanthorus xaniophallus Kristky, Boeger & Van Every, 1992

Type host

Pristobrycon eigenmanni

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Uatumã River, Nazaré.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33604 a–c.

Remarks

Specimens deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNM. The CHIOC was cited in the original description as one of those collections of deposit, but its number was not informed there.

Reference

Kristky et al. (1992).

Annulotrematoides Kritsky & Boeger, 1995

Annulotrematoides amazonicus Kritsky & Boeger, 1995

Type host

Psectrogaster rutiloides (Kner, 1858) (Osteichthyes: Curimatidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Furo do Catalão.

Holotype

CHIOC 33364.

Remarks

Collection number referred to as CHIOC “33664” in the original description due to a mistake. Paratypes deposited in HWML and USNPC.

Reference

Kritsky and Boeger (1995).

Annulotrematoides bryconi Cuglianna, Cordeiro & Luque, 2003

Type host

Brycon cephalus (Günther, 1869)

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, São Paulo State, ponds in Pirassununga.

Holotype

CHIOC 36276.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36272, 36273 a–b, 36274 a–b, 36275.

Remarks

Four paratypes deposited in UNICAMP.

Reference

Cuglianna et al. (2003).

Annulotrematoides glossophallus Cohen, Kohn & Boeger, 2012

Type host

Salminus brasiliensis

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River below and above of the reservoir of Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Station, Guaíra (24°04'48"S, 54°15'21"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37607.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37586, 37618, 37625, 37627, 37629, 37642, 37657 a–b, 37669, 37682.

Reference

Cohen et al. (2012).

Annulotrematoides parisellei Cohen, Kohn & Boeger, 2012

Type host

Salminus brasiliensis

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River below and above of the reservoir of Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Station, Guaíra (24°04'48"S, 54°15'21"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37689.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37585, 37589, 37590, 37591, 37592, 37593, 37597, 37608, 37619, 37622 a–b, 37634, 37643, 37648, 37649 a–b, 37652, 37658, 37664 a–b, 37667, 37676, 37677, 37680, 37685, 37686, 37692 a–b, 37694, 37698 a–b, 37701, 37715, 37725.

Reference

Cohen et al. (2012).

Apedunculata Cuglianna, Cordeiro & Luque, 2009

Apedunculata discoidea Cuglianna, Cordeiro & Luque, 2009

Type host

Prochilodus lineatus (Valenciennes, 1837)

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, São Paulo State, ponds in Pirassununga.

Holotype

CHIOC 36904.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36905, 36906, 36907, 36908.

Reference

Cuglianna et al. (2009).

Aphanoblastella Kritsky, Mendoza-Franco & Scholz, 2000

Aphanoblastella juizforense Carvalho, Tavares & Luque, 2009

Type host

Rhamdia quelen (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) (Osteichthyes: Heptapteridae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Juiz de Fora, Paraibuna River (21°41'20"S, 43°20'40"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37175 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37175 b–e.

Reference

Carvalho et al. (2009).

Cacatuocotyle Boeger, Domingues & Kritsky, 1997

Cacatuocotyle guaibensis Gallas, Calegaro-Marques & Amato, 2014

Type host

Astyanax aff. fasciatus (Cuvier, 1819) (Osteichthyes: Characidae).

Infection site

External surface.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul State, Guaíba Lake, Barra do Ribeiro (30°17'11"S, 51°18'01"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37965 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37965 b–c.

Reference

Gallas et al. (2014).

Cacatuocotyle paranaensis Boeger, Domingues & Kritsky, 1997

Type host

Characidium lanei Travassos, 1967 (Osteichthyes: Crenuchidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Antonina, Cacatu River.

Holotype

CHIOC 33682 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33683 a–b, 33684 a–e, 33685 a–d.

Remarks

All paratypes were collected from C. pterostictum Gomes, 1947, except CHIOC 33685 b, which was collected from the type host. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNPC.

Reference

Boeger et al. (1997).

Chauhanellus Bychowsky & Nagibina, 1969

Chauhanellus boegeri Domingues & Fehlauer, 2006

Type host

Genidens barbus (Lacepède, 1803) (Osteichthyes: Ariidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Guaratuba, Guaratuba Bay (25°52'16.73"S, 48°39'07.32"W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 36821 a–e.

Remarks

Specimens deposited in CHIOC collected from the type host/locality. Holotype deposited in MZUSP. Other paratypes deposited in MZUSP and USNPC.

Reference

Domingues and Fehlauer (2006).

Chauhanellus hamatopeduncularoideum Domingues, Soares & Watanabe, 2016

Type host

Amphiarius rugispinis (Valenciennes, 1840) (Osteichthyes: Ariidae).

Infection site

Secondary lamellae of the gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Bragança, Fishing village of Ajuruteua (0°49'31"N, 46°36'29"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 38240 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 38240 b–h.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the collections of INPA and MPEG.

Reference

Domingues et al. (2016).

Chauhanellus hypenocleithrum Domingues, Soares & Watanabe, 2016

Type host

Sciades proops (Valenciennes, 1840) (Osteichthyes: Ariidae).

Infection site

Secondary lamellae of the gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Bragança, Fishing village of Ajuruteua (0°49'31"N, 46°36'29"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 38247.

Paratypes

CHIOC 38248 a–b, 38249 a–b, 38250 a–b.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the collections of INPA and MPEG.

Reference

Domingues et al. (2016).

Chauhanellus neotropicalis Domingues & Fehlauer, 2006

Type host

Aspistor luniscutis (Valenciennes, 1840) (Osteichthyes: Ariidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paranaguá, Fish market.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36823 a–b.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in MZUSP. Other paratypes deposited in MZUSP and USNPC.

Reference

Domingues and Fehlauer (2006).

Chauhanellus susamlimae Domingues, Soares & Watanabe, 2016

Type host

Sciades herzbergii (Bloch, 1794)

Infection site

Secondary lamellae of the gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Bragança, Fishing village of Ajuruteua (0°49'31"N, 46°36'29"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 38251 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 38251 b–h.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the collections of INPA and MPEG.

Reference

Domingues et al. (2016).

Chauhanellus velum Domingues, Soares & Watanabe, 2016

Type host

Sciades couma (Valenciennes, 1840)

Infection site

Internal borders of the primary lamellae of the gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Bragança, Fish market.

Holotype

CHIOC 38261.

Remarks

Paratype deposited in the INPA collection.

Reference

Domingues et al. (2016).

Demidospermus Suriano, 1983

Demidospermus araguaiaensis Cepeda & Luque, 2010

Type host

Brachyplatystoma filamentosum (Lichtenstein, 1819) (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae).

Infection site

Gill lamellae.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso State, Araguaia River (13°23'07.3"S, 50°39'58.1"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37326.

Paratype

CHIOC 37327.

Remarks

Other paratype deposited in the INPA collection.

Reference

Cepeda and Luque (2010).

Demidospermus brachyplatystomae Cepeda & Luque, 2010

Type host

Brachyplatystoma filamentosum

Infection site

Gill lamellae.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso State, Araguaia River (13°23'07.3"S, 50°39'58.1"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37320.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37321 a–b, 37322 a–d.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the INPA collection.

Reference

Cepeda and Luque (2010).

Demidospermus ceccarellii Cepeda & Luque, 2010

Type host

Brachyplatystoma filamentosum

Infection site

Gill lamellae.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso State, Araguaia River (13°23'07.3"S, 50°39'58.1"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37323.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37324 a–d, 37325 a–e.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the INPA collection.

Reference

Cepeda and Luque (2010).

Demidospermus labrosi França, Isaac, Pavanelli & Takemoto, 2003

Type host

Iheringichthys labrosus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, upper Paraná River floodplain (22°43'S, 53°10'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 34594 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34587 a–c, 34594 b–c, 34595, 34596, 34597.

Remarks

Some authors considered the species to be a synonym of Demidospermus cornicinus Kritsky & Gutiérrez, 1998 (Cohen and Kohn 2008a, Monteiro et al. 2010a). Takemoto et al. (2009) referred to it as D. labrosi.

References

França et al. (2003), Cohen and Kohn (2008a), Takemoto et al. (2009), Monteiro et al. (2010a).

Demidospermus mandi França, Isaac, Pavanelli & Takemoto, 2003

Type host

Iheringichthys labrosus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, upper Paraná River floodplain (22°43'S, 53°10'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 34586 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34586 b, 34589, 34590, 34591, 34592, 34593 a–b.

Remarks

Some authors considered the species to be a synonym of Demidospermus leptosynophallus Kritsky & Gutiérrez, 1998 (Cohen and Kohn 2008a, Monteiro et al. 2010a). Takemoto et al. (2009) referred to it as D. mandi.

References

França et al. (2003), Cohen and Kohn (2008a), Takemoto et al. (2009), Monteiro et al. (2010a).

Demidospermus osteomystax Tavernari, Takemoto, Lacerda & Pavanelli, 2010

Type host

Auchenipterus osteomystax Miranda-Ribeiro, 1918 (Osteichthyes: Auchenipteridae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, upper Paraná River floodplain (22°50'–22°70'S, 53°15'–53°40'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37252 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37252 b, 37253, 37254.

Reference

Tavernari et al. (2010).

Demidospermus paranaensis Ferrari-Hoeinghaus, Bellay, Takemoto & Pavanelli, 2010

Type host

Loricariichthys platymetopon Isbrücker & Nijssen, 1979 (Osteichthyes: Loricariidae).

Infection site

Gill filaments.

Type locality

Brazil, upper Paraná River floodplain (22°43'S, 53°10'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37255 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37255 b–e.

Reference

Ferrari-Hoeinghaus et al. (2010).

Euryhaliotrema Kritsky & Boeger, 2002

Euryhaliotrema dontykoleos Fehlauer & Boeger, 2005

Type host

Pachyurus junki Soares & Casatti, 2000 (Osteichthyes: Sciaenidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Tocantins State, Santa Rosa, São Valério River (11°21'57"S, 48°28'35"W)

Paratypes

CHIOC 36497, 36498, 36499 a–c, 36500.

Remarks

Paratypes collected in different localities of the Tocantins River (Tocantins State): CHIOC 36498 (Peixe, 11°46'19"S, 48°27'26"W), 36499 a–c (Ipueiras, 11°18'50"S, 48°27'26"W) and 36500 (Porto Nacional, 10°41'45"S, 48°21'43"W). Holotype deposited in MZUSP. Other paratypes deposited in MNHN, MZUSP and USNPC.

Reference

Fehlauer and Boeger (2005).

Hamatopeduncularia Yamaguti, 1953

Hamatopeduncularia cangatae Domingues, Soares & Watanabe, 2016

Type host

Aspistor quadriscutis (Valenciennes, 1840)

Infection site

Secondary lamellae of the gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Bragança, Fish market.

Holotype

CHIOC 38264.

Paratypes

CHIOC 38265 a–b, 38266.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the INPA collection.

Reference

Domingues et al. (2016).

Jainus Mizelle, Kritsky & Crane, 1968

Jainus iocensis Cohen, Kohn & Boeger, 2012

Type host

Salminus brasiliensis

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná River below and above of the reservoir of Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Station, Guaíra (24°04'48"S, 54°15'21"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37647 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37606, 37635, 37637 a–c, 37638, 37640 a–b, 37644, 37645, 37646, 37647 b, 37650, 37651, 37653, 37655, 37670, 37672 a–c, 37673 a–b, 37675, 37687 a–b, 37690, 37695 a–c, 37700, 37702, 37703, 37704, 37708, 37710 a–b, 37712, 37723.

Reference

Cohen et al. (2012).

Jainus piava Karling, Bellay, Takemoto & Pavanelli, 2011

Type host

Schizodon borellii (Boulenger, 1900) (Osteichthyes: Anostomidae).

Infection site

Gill filaments.

Type locality

Brazil, upper Paraná River floodplain (22°50'–22°70'S, 53°15'–53°40'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37235 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37235 b–c, 37236.

Reference

Karling et al. (2011a).

Kritskyia Kohn, 1990

Kritskyia annakohnae Boeger, Tanaka & Pavanelli, 2001

Type host

Serrasalmus marginatus Valenciennes, 1836

Infection site

Urinary bladder and ureters.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, upper Paraná River, Baía River near Porto Rico.

Holotype

CHIOC 34243 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34243 b–m, 34244, 34245 a–b.

Remarks

Paratypes CHIOC 34244 and 34245 a–b collected from S. spilopleura Kner, 1858. Other paratypes deposited in the collections of INPA, HWML, MNHN and USNPC.

Reference

Boeger et al. (2001).

Kritskyia boegeri Takemoto, Lizama & Pavanelli, 2002

Type host

Prochilodus lineatus

Infection site

Urinary bladder.

Type locality

Brazil, upper Paraná River floodplain.

Holotype

CHIOC 34701.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34599, 34700.

Reference

Takemoto et al. (2002).

Kritskyia eirasi Guidelli, Takemoto & Pavanelli, 2003

Type host

Leporinus lacustris Campos, 1945 (Osteichthyes: Anostomidae).

Infection site

Urinary bladder and ureters.

Type locality

Brazil, upper Paraná River floodplain (22°50'–22°70'S, 53°15'–53°40'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36401.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36396, 36397, 36398 a–b, 36399, 36400.

Reference

Guidelli et al. (2003).

Kritskyia moraveci Kohn, 1990

Type host

Rhamdia quelen

Infection site

Urinary bladder and ureters.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul State, reservoir of the Hydroelectric Power of Passo Fundo, São Valentim (27°32'S, 52°44'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 32443 c.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32443 a–b, d–r, 32444 a–b.

Reference

Kohn (1990).

Kritskyia salmini Cepeda, Ceccarelli & Luque, 2011

Type host

Salminus brasiliensis

Infection site

Urinary bladder.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso State, Pantanal wetlands, Cuiabá River (17°50'48"S, 57°24'6"W)

Holotype

CHIOC 37533 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37533 b–j.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the INPA collection.

Reference

Cepeda et al. (2011).

Ligophorus Euzet & Suriano, 1977

Ligophorus brasiliensis Abdallah, Azevedo & Luque, 2009

Type host

Mugil liza Valenciennes, 1836 (Osteichthyes: Mugilidae).

Infection site

Gill lamellae.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Guandu River (22°48'32"S, 43°37'35"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37180 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37180 b–d.

Reference

Abdallah et al. (2009).

Ligophorus guanduensis Abdallah, Azevedo & Luque, 2009

Type host

Mugil liza

Infection site

Gill lamellae.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Guandu River (22°48'32"S, 43°37'35"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37181 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37181 b–d.

Reference

Abdallah et al. (2009).

Ligophorus lizae Abdallah, Azevedo & Luque, 2009

Type host

Mugil liza

Infection site

Gill lamellae.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Guandu River (22°48'32"S, 43°37'35"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37178 a.

Paratype

CHIOC 37178 b.

Reference

Abdallah et al. (2009).

Ligophorus tainhae Abdallah, Azevedo & Luque, 2009

Type host

Mugil liza

Infection site

Gill lamellae.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Guandu River (22°48'32"S, 43°37'35"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37179 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37179 b–d.

Reference

Abdallah et al. (2009).

Marumbius Boeger, Ferreira, Vianna & Patella, 2014

Marumbius amplexus Boeger, Ferreira, Vianna & Patella, 2014

Type host

Characidium lanei

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Morretes, Marumbi River (25°29'27"S, 45°49'67"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37897.

Paratype

CHIOC 37896.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the collections of IPCAS and USNPC.

Reference

Boeger et al. (2014).

Marumbius dorsivaginatus Boeger, Ferreira, Vianna & Patella, 2014

Type host

Characidium pterostictum Gomes, 1947

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Morretes, Marumbi River (25°29'27"S, 45°49'67"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37893.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37884, 37885, 37886, 37887, 37888, 37889, 37890, 37891, 37892, 37894, 37895.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the collections of IPCAS, HWML and USNPC.

Reference

Boeger et al. (2014).

Mexicana Caballero & Bravo-Hollis, 1959

Mexicana anisotremum Cezar, Paschoal & Luque, 2012

Type host

Anisotremus virginicus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Osteichthyes: Haemulidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, coastal zone of Rio de Janeiro State (21–23°S, 42–45°W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37767.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37768, 37769.

Remarks

Paratype CHIOC 37769 collected from A. surinamensis (Bloch, 1791).

Reference

Cezar et al. (2012).

Mexicana atlantica Luque, Amato & Takemoto, 1992

Type host

Haemulon steindachneri (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882) (Osteichthyes: Haemulidae).

Infection site

Distal portion of gill filaments.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Sepetiba Bay, Itacuruçá (22°51'S, 43°56'W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 33109, 33110.

Remarks

Holotype and other paratypes deposited in the USNM collection.

Reference

Luque et al. (1992).

Mymarothecium Kritsky, Boeger & Jégu, 1996

Mymarothecium boegeri Cohen & Kohn, 2005

Type host

Colossoma macropomum (Cuvier, 1816) (Osteichthyes: Serrasalmidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Ceará State, Pentecoste, Aquaria of the Research Center in Aquiculture “Rodolfo von Ihering, DNOCS”.

Holotype

CHIOC 36453.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36454, 36455, 36456, 36457.

Reference

Cohen and Kohn (2005).

Mymarothecium ianwhittingtoni Leão, São Clemente & Cohen, 2015

Type host

Piaractus mesopotamicus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River, Toledo (24°44'29.0"S, 53°44'51.2"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37906 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37906 b–d.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the INPA collection.

Reference

Leão et al. (2015).

Mymarothecium viatorum Boeger, Piasecki & Sobecka, 2002

Type host

Piaractus brachypomus (Cuvier, 1818)

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Poland, Szczecin, Odra River.

Holotype

CHIOC 35041.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35042 a–i.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the collections of INPA, HWML and USNPC.

Reference

Boeger et al. (2002).

Notozothecium Boeger & Kritsky, 1988

Notozothecium lamotheargumedoi Cohen & Kohn, 2008

Type host

Rhaphiodon vulpinus Spix & Agassiz, 1829 (Osteichthyes: Cynodontidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, inside and outside of the reservoir of Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Station, Foz do Iguaçú (25°32'52"S, 54°35'17"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36895.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36896 a–b, 36897 a–d, 36898, 36899 a–d, 36900 a–s, 36901 a–e.

Remarks

Paratypes collected in different localities of the reservoir of Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Station: CHIOC 36897 a–d and 36898 (Santa Helena, 24°51'37"S, 54°19'58"W), and 36899 a–d, 36900 a–d and 36901 a–e (Guaíra, 24°04'48"S, 54°15'21"W).

Reference

Cohen and Kohn (2008b).

Parancylodiscoides Caballero & Bravo-Hollis, 1960

Parancylodiscoides caballerobravorum Cezar, Luque & Amato, 1999

Type host

Chaetodipterus faber

Infection site

Gill filaments.

Type locality

Brazil, coastal zone of Rio de Janeiro State (21–23°S, 41–45°W).

Holotype

CHIOC 34001 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34001 b–d.

Remarks

Collection numbers were not cited in the original description. Other paratypes deposited in CNHE. Kritsky (2012) considered the species to be a synonym of Parancylodiscoides longiphallus (MacCallum, 1915).

References

Cezar et al. (1999), Kritsky (2012).

Pavanelliella Kritsky & Boeger, 1998

Pavanelliella laertei Aguiar, Ceccarelli & Luque, 2011

Type host

Pimelodus microstoma Steindachner, 1877 (= Pimelodus heraldoi Azpelicueta, 2001) (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae).

Infection site

Nasal cavity.

Type locality

Brazil, São Paulo State, Pirassununga, Cachoeira de Emas, Mogi Guaçu River (21°58'S, 47°26'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37561.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37562, 37563, 37564, 37565, 37566.

Reference

Aguiar et al. (2011).

Pavanelliella takemotoi Aguiar, Ceccarelli & Luque, 2011

Type host

Pimelodus maculatus Lacepède, 1803

Infection site

Nasal cavity.

Type locality

Brazil, São Paulo State, Pirassununga, Cachoeira de Emas, Mogi Guaçu River (21°58'S, 47°26'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37567 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37567 b, 37568 a–f, 37569, 37570 a–b, 37571, 37572, 37573, 37574, 37575 a–b, 37576 a–b, 37577 a–b, 37578, 37579 a–b, 37580, 37582 a–c.

Reference

Aguiar et al. (2011).

Philocorydoras Suriano, 1986

Philocorydoras longus Yamada, Brandão, Yamada & Silva, 2015

Type host

Hoplosternum littorale (Hancock, 1828) (Osteichthyes: Callichthyidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, São Paulo State, Taquarituba, upper Paranapanema River, Jurumirim Reservoir (23°12'17"S, 49°13'19"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 38205.

Paratype

CHIOC 38206.

Reference

Yamada et al. (2015).

Protogyrodactylus Johnston & Tiegs, 1922

Protogyrodactylus ethiopicus Boeger, Diamaka, Pariselle & Patella, 2012

Type host

Gerres nigri Günther, 1859 (Osteichthyes: Gerreidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Senegal, Bamboung, Sine–Saloum River (13°49'30.5"N, 16°31'44"W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 37744 a–n.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in the MNHN collection. Other paratypes deposited in MNHN and USNPC.

Reference

Boeger et al. (2012).

Protogyrodactylus kritskyi Boeger, Diamaka, Pariselle & Patella, 2012

Type host

Gerres nigri

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Senegal, Bamboung, Sine–Saloum River (13°49'30.5"N, 16°31'44"W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 37743 a–k.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in the MNHN collection. Other paratypes deposited in MNHN and USNPC.

Reference

Boeger et al. (2012).

Protorhinoxenus Domingues & Boeger, 2002

Protorhinoxenus prochilodi Domingues & Boeger, 2002

Type host

Prochilodus lineatus

Infection site

Gill filaments.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, metropolitan area of Curitiba, Campina Grande do Sul, reservoir of Capivari–Cachoeira.

Holotype

CHIOC 34542.

Paratype

CHIOC 34543.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the collections of INPA and IPCR.

Reference

Domingues and Boeger (2002).

Pseudempleurosoma Yamaguti, 1965

Pseudempleurosoma gibsoni Santos, Mourão & Cárdenas, 2001

Type host

Paralonchurus brasiliensis (Steindachner, 1875) (Osteichthyes: Sciaenidae).

Infection site

Oesophagous.

Type locality

Brazil, São Paulo State, off Ubatuba (23°35'S, 045°06'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 34337 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34337 b–e, 34338 a–b.

Reference

Santos et al. (2001).

Pseudempleurosoma guanabarensis Carvalho & Luque, 2012

Type host

Trichiurus lepturus

Infection site

Oesophagous.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Guanabara Bay (23°1'52"S, 43°11'56"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37389.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37390 a–c, 37391.

Reference

Carvalho and Luque (2012).

Rhinonastes Kritsky, Thatcher & Boeger, 1988

Rhinonastes curimatae Monteiro & Brasil-Sato, 2014

Type host

Prochilodus argenteus

Infection site

Nasal cavity.

Type locality

Brazil, Minas Gerais State, São Francisco River near Três Marias (18°12'32"S, 45°14'41"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37953 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37953 b–c, 37954 a–f, 37955.

Reference

Monteiro and Brasil-Sato (2014b).

Rhinoxenus Kritsky, Thatcher & Boeger, 1988

Rhinoxenus anaclaudiae Domingues & Boeger, 2005

Type host

Triportheus cf. nematurus (Kner, 1858)

Infection site

Nasal cavity.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Miranda River, Passo do Lontra.

Holotype

CHIOC 36300.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36301 a–e.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in INPA, MZUSP, MNHN and USNPC.

Reference

Domingues and Boeger (2005).

Rhinoxenus bulbovaginatus Boeger, Domingues & Pavanelli, 1995

Type host

Salminus brasiliensis

Infection site

Nasal cavities.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River basin near Porto Rico.

Holotype

CHIOC 33269 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33269 b–e.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the collections of HWML and USNM.

Reference

Boeger et al. (1995a).

Rhinoxenus curimbatae Domingues & Boeger, 2005

Type host

Prochilodus cf. lineatus

Infection site

Nasal cavity.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, metropolitan area of Curitiba, Campina Grande do Sul, reservoir of Capivari–Cachoeira.

Holotype

CHIOC 36303.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36304 a–b.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the collections of INPA and MNHN.

Reference

Domingues and Boeger (2005).

Rhinoxenus euryxenus Domingues & Boeger, 2005

Type host

Serrasalmus marginatus

Infection site

Nasal cavity.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Paraná River, Medalha Bay.

Holotype

CHIOC 36293.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36294 a–g.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the collections of INPA and MNHN.

Reference

Domingues and Boeger (2005).

Rhinoxenus guianensis Domingues & Boeger, 2005

Type host

Curimata cyprinoides (Linnaeus, 1766) (Osteichthyes: Curimatidae).

Infection site

Nasal cavity.

Type locality

French Guiana, Degrad Forian, Iracoubo.

Holotype

CHIOC 36305.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36306 a–d.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the collections of INPA, MNHN and USNPC.

Reference

Domingues and Boeger (2005).

Sciadicleithrum Kritsky, Thatcher & Boeger, 1989

Sciadicleithrum araguariensis Paschoal, Scholz, Tavares-Dias & Luque, 2016

Type host

Crenicichla labrina (Spix & Agassiz, 1831) (Osteichthyes: Cichlidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amapá State, Ferreira Gomes, Araguari River (0°52'N, 51°12'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 38091 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 38091 b–d.

Remarks

Other paratype deposited in the IPCA collection.

Reference

Paschoal et al. (2016).

Sciadicleithrum edgari Paschoal, Scholz, Tavares-Dias & Luque, 2016

Type host

Satanoperca jurupari (Heckel, 1840) (Osteichthyes: Cichlidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amapá State, Ferreira Gomes, Araguari River (0°52'N, 51°12'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 38092 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 38092 b–c.

Remarks

Other paratype deposited in the IPCA collection.

Reference

Paschoal et al. (2016).

Sciadicleithrum frequens Bellay, Takemoto, Yamada & Pavanelli, 2008

Type host

Geophagus brasiliensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) (Osteichthyes: Cichlidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Ivaí River basin, Mourão Reservoir (24°02'S, 52°22'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36924.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36921 a–c, 36922, 36923.

Remarks

Paratypes collected in other reservoirs: CHIOC 36921 a–c (Iguaçu River basin, Iraí, 25°25'S, 49°06'W) and 36922 (Piriqui River basin, Melissa, 24°48'S, 53°18'W). Other paratype deposited in the BMNH collection.

Reference

Bellay et al. (2008).

Sciadicleithrum guanduensis Carvalho, Tavares & Luque, 2008

Type host

Geophagus brasiliensis

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Seropédica, Guandu River (22°48'32"S, 43°37'35"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36989 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36989 b–f.

Reference

Carvalho et al. (2008).

Sciadicleithrum joanae Yamada, Takemoto, Bellay & Pavanelli, 2009

Type host

Crenicichla niederleinii Holmberg, 1891

Infection site

Gill filaments.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná, Paraná River (22°50'–22°70'S, 53°15'–53°40'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37161.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37162, 37163 a–b, 37164.

Reference

Yamada et al. (2009).

Sciadicleithrum jurupari Melo, Santos & Santos, 2012

Type host

Satanoperca jurupari

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Belém, Guamá River (01°27'21"S, 48°30'14"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37766 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37766 b–f.

Reference

Melo et al. (2012).

Sciadicleithrum kritskyi Bellay, Takemoto, Yamada & Pavanelli, 2009

Type host

Geophagus proximus (Castelnau, 1855)

Infection site

Gill filaments.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, upper Paraná River floodplain, Porto Rico (22°50'–22°70'S, 53°15'–53°40'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37188.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37189, 37190, 37191.

Reference

Bellay et al. (2009).

Sciadicleithrum paranaensis Bellay, Takemoto, Yamada & Pavanelli, 2009

Type host

Geophagus proximus

Infection site

Gill filaments.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, upper Paraná River floodplain, Porto Rico (22°50'–22°70'S, 53°15'–53°40'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37183.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37184, 37185, 37186, 37187.

Reference

Bellay et al. (2009).

Sciadicleithrum satanopercae Yamada, Takemoto, Bellay & Pavanelli, 2009

Type host

Satanoperca pappaterra (Heckel, 1840)

Infection site

Gill filaments.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, upper Paraná River floodplain (22°50'–22°70'S, 53°15'–53°40'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37165 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37165 b, 37166 a–b, 37167.

Reference

Yamada et al. (2009).

Susanlimae Boeger, Pariselle & Patella, 2015

Susanlimae ianwhittingtoni Boeger, Pariselle & Patella, 2015

Type host

Pseudeutropius moolenburghae Weber & de Beaufort, 1913 (Osteichthyes: Schilbeidae).

Infection site

Gill rakers.

Type locality

Indonesia, Jambi Province, Pemayung Subdistrict, Batang Hari River, near Kubu Kandang village (1°36'17.51"S, 103°19'16.65"E).

Holotype

CHIOC 38202 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 38202 b–c.

Remarks

Two paratypes deposited in MNHN and one paratype kept in the private collection of Antoine Pariselle.

Reference

Boeger et al. (2015).

Telethecium Kritsky, Van Every & Boeger, 1996

Telethecium nasalis Kritsky, Van Every & Boeger, 1996

Type host

Osteoglossum bicirrhosum (Vandelli, 1829) (Osteichthyes: Osteoglossidae).

Infection site

Nasal cavity.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Furo do Catalão near Manaus.

Holotype

CHIOC 33639.

Remarks

Paratypes deposited in HWML and USNPC.

Reference

Kritsky et al. (1996).

Telethecium paniculum Kritsky, Van Every & Boeger, 1996

Type host

Pellona flavipinnis (Valenciennes, 1837) (Osteichthyes: Pristigasteridae).

Infection site

Nasal cavity.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Solimões River, Marchantaria Island near Manaus.

Holotype

CHIOC 33640.

Remarks

Paratypes deposited in HWML and USNPC.

Reference

Kritsky et al. (1996).

Tereancistrum Kritsky, Thatcher & Kayton, 1980

Tereancistrum arcuatus Cohen, Kohn & Boeger, 2012

Type host

Salminus brasiliensis

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River below and above of the reservoir of Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Station, Guaíra (24°04'48"S, 54°15'21"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37628.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37609, 37665, 37674 a–b, 37678.

Reference

Cohen et al. (2012).

Tereancistrum curimba Lizama, Takemoto & Pavanelli, 2004

Type host

Prochilodus lineatus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, upper Paraná River floodplain (22°43'S, 53°10'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36224.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36225, 36226, 36227 a–b, 36228.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in BMNH and USNPC.

Reference

Lizama et al. (2004).

Tereancistrum paranaensis Karling, Lopes, Takemoto & Pavanelli, 2014

Type host

Schizodon borellii

Infection site

Gill filaments.

Type locality

Brazil, upper Paraná River floodplain (22°50'–22°70'S, 53°15'–53°40'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37868.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37866, 37867.

Reference

Karling et al. (2014).

Tereancistrum pirassununguensis Cepeda, Ceccarelli & Luque, 2012

Type host

Prochilodus lineatus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, São Paulo State, Pirassununga, Mogi Guaçu River (21°55'32.49"S, 47°22'13.76"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37816 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37816 b–j.

Reference

Cepeda et al. (2012).

Tereancistrum toksonum Lizama, Takemoto & Pavanelli, 2004

Type host

Prochilodus lineatus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, upper Paraná River floodplain (22°43'S, 53°10'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36229.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36230 a–b, 36231.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in BMNH and USNPC.

Reference

Lizama et al. (2004).

Trinibaculum Kritsky, Thatcher & Kayton, 1980

Trinibaculum rotundus Karling, Lopes, Takemoto & Pavanelli, 2011

Type host

Schizodon borellii

Infection site

Gill filaments.

Type locality

Brazil, upper Paraná River floodplain (22°50'–22°70'S, 53°15'–53°40'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37529 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37529 b–e.

Reference

Karling et al. (2011b).

Trinigyrus Hanek, Molnar & Fernando, 1974

Trinigyrus mourei Boeger & Belmont-Jégu, 1994

Type host

Squaliforma emarginata (Valenciennes, 1840) [= Hypostomus emarginatus] (Osteichthyes: Loricariidae).

Infestation site

Body surface.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Bairro São Jorge.

Holotype

CHIOC 33052 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33052 b–d.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the collections of HWML and USNM.

Reference

Boeger and Belmont-Jégu (1994).

Unilatus Mizelle & Kritsky, 1967

Unilatus irae Branches & Domingues, 2014

Type host

Leporacanthicus galaxias Isbrücker & Nijssen, 1989 (Osteichthyes: Loricariidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Guamá River, Capitão Poço (1°34.465'S, 47°02.063'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37861 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37861 b–k.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in INPA, MPEG and USNPC.

Reference

Branches and Domingues (2014).

Urocleidoides Mizelle & Price, 1964

Urocleidoides aimarai Moreira, Scholz & Luque, 2015

Type host

Hoplias aimara (Valenciennes, 1847) (Osteichthyes: Erythrinidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Xingu River around Altamira (3°12'S, 52°12'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 38001 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 38001 b–d.

Remarks

Two paratypes deposited in the IPCAS collection.

Reference

Moreira et al. (2015).

Urocleidoides brasiliensis Rosim, Mendoza-Franco & Luque, 2011

Type host

Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch, 1794)

Infection site

Gill lamellae.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso State, Cuiabá (16°58'N, 56°25'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37470 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37470 b–f.

Reference

Rosim et al. (2011).

Urocleidoides cuiabai Rosim, Mendoza-Franco & Luque, 2011

Type host

Hoplias malabaricus

Infection site

Gill lamellae.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso State, Cuiabá (16°58'N, 56°25'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37469 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37469 b–e.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in CNHE.

Reference

Rosim et al. (2011).

Urocleidoides malabaricusi Rosim, Mendoza-Franco & Luque, 2011

Type host

Hoplias malabaricus

Infection site

Gill lamellae.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso State, Cuiabá (16°58'N, 56°25'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37466 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37466 b–c.

Reference

Rosim et al. (2011).

Urocleidoides naris Rosim, Mendoza-Franco & Luque, 2011

Type host

Hoplias malabaricus

Infection site

Nasal cavities.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso State, Cuiabá (16°58'N, 56°25'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37468 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37468 b–k.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in CNHE.

Reference

Rosim et al. (2011).

Urocleidoides xinguensis Moreira, Scholz & Luque, 2015

Type host

Hoplias aimara

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Xingu River around Altamira (3°12'S, 52°12'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 38002 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 38002 b–d.

Remarks

Two paratypes deposited in the IPCAS collection.

Reference

Moreira et al. (2015).

Whittingnocotyle Santos Neto, Rodrigues & Domingues, 2015

Whittingnocotyle caetei Santos Neto, Rodrigues & Domingues, 2015

Type host

Hoplerythrinus unitaeniatus (Agassiz, 1829) (Osteichthyes: Erythrinidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Augusto Corrêa, Caeté River (01°3'58.21"S, 46°40'3.65"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 38012 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 38012 b–d.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in INPA and MPEG.

Reference

Santos Neto et al. (2015).

Whittingnocotyle jeju Santos Neto, Rodrigues & Domingues, 2015

Type host

Hoplerythrinus unitaeniatus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Irituia, Guamá River (01°51'59.8"S, 47°24'17.2"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 38014 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 38014 b–e.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in INPA and MPEG.

Reference

Santos Neto et al. (2015).

Diplectanidae Monticelli, 1903
Acleotrema Johnston & Tiegs, 1922

Acleotrema lamothei Santos, Bianchi & Gibson, 2008

Type host

Kyphosus incisor (Cuvier, 1831) (Osteichthyes: Kyphosidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, off Rio de Janeiro State, Ilha Grande Bay (23°00'–23°40'S, 44°00'–44°40'W)

Holotype

CHIOC 36926 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36926 b–d.

Reference

Santos et al. (2008).

Anoplectanum Boeger, Fehlauer & Marques, 2006

Anoplectanum haptorodynatum Boeger, Fehlauer & Marques, 2006

Type host

Petilipinnis grunniens (Jardine & Schomburgk, 1843) (Osteichthyes: Sciaenidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Tocantins State, Tocantins River, Porto Nacional (10°41'45"S, 48°25'54"W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 36504 a–b.

Remarks

Paratypes from CHIOC collected in the Tocantins River, Santa Helena (Tocantins State). Holotype deposited in MZUSP. Other paratypes deposited in INPA, MZUSP, MNHN and USNPC.

Reference

Boeger et al. (2006).

Anoplectanum microsoma Boeger, Fehlauer & Marques, 2006

Type host

Pachyurus junki

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Tocantins State, Tocantins River, Santa Helena.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36503 a–b.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in MZUSP. Other paratypes deposited in INPA, MZUSP, MNHN and USNPC.

Reference

Boeger et al. (2006).

Darwinoplectanum Domingues, Diamanka & Pariselle, 2011

Darwinoplectanum amphiatlanticus Domingues, Diamanka & Pariselle, 2011

Type host

Eucinostomus melanopterus (Bleecker, 1863) (Osteichthyes: Gerreidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Senegal, Sine Saloum, Bamboung (13°49'30.5"N, 16°31'44"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37546 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37546 b–d.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in INPA, MPEG and USNPC.

Reference

Domingues et al. (2011).

Darwinoplectanum figueiredoi Domingues, Diamanka & Pariselle, 2011

Type host

Eucinostomus argenteus Baird & Girard, 1855

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Pontal do Paraná (25°35'28.27"S, 48°21'10.70"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37545 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37545 b–f.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in INPA, MPEG and USNPC.

Reference

Domingues et al. (2011).

Diplectanum Diesing 1858

Diplectanum copiosum Boeger, Fehlauer & Marques, 2006

Type host

Pachyurus junki

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Tocantins State, Tocantins River, Santa Helena.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36501 a–m.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in MZUSP. Other paratypes deposited in INPA, MZUSP and USNPC.

Reference

Boeger et al. (2006).

Diplectanum monticelli Domingues & Boeger, 2003

Type host

Cynoscion leairchus (Cuvier, 1830) (Osteichthyes: Sciaenidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Itacuruçá (22°55'S, 43°55'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 34962.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34963 a–b, 34964 a–c.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in HWML and USNPC.

Reference

Domingues and Boeger (2003).

Diplectanum squamatum Santos, Timi & Gibson, 2002

Type host

Cynoscion guatucupa (Cuvier, 1830)

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Argentina, off Mar del Plata (38°08'S, 57°32'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 34538 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34538 b–d.

Remarks

Other paratype deposited in the BMNH collection.

Reference

Santos et al. (2002).

Pseudorhabdosynochus Yamaguti, 1958

Psedorhabdosynochus jeanloui Knoff, Cohen, Cárdenas, Cárdenas-Callirgos & Gomes, 2015

Type host

Paranthias colonus (Valenciennes, 1846) (Osteichthyes: Serranidae).

Infection site

Gill arches.

Type locality

Peru, Lima, off Chorrillos (12°13'25"S, 76°43'49"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 38016 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 38016 b–i.

Remarks

Other paratype deposited in the MNHN collection.

Reference

Knoff et al. (2015).

Pseudorhabdosynochus sulamericanus Santos, Buchmann & Gibson, 2000

Type host

Hyporthodus niveatus (Valenciennes, 1828) [= Epinephelus niveatus] (Osteichthyes: Serranidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Rio de Janeiro, off Cagarras Islands (23°02'S, 43°12'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 33985 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33985 b–i.

Remarks

Other paratype deposited in the BMNH collection.

Reference

Santos et al. (2000).

Rhabdosynochus Mizelle & Blatz, 1941

Rhabdosynochus hargisi Kritsky, Boeger & Robaldo, 2001

Type host

Centropomus undecimalis (Bloch, 1792) (Osteichthyes: Centropomidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Pernambuco State, Itamaracá, earthen ponds (7°41'S, 34°53'W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 34298 a–d.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in INPA, MPM, HWML and USNPC.

Reference

Kritsky et al. (2001).

Rhabdosynochus hudsoni Kritsky, Boeger & Robaldo, 2001

Type host

Centropomus undecimalis

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Pernambuco State, Itamaracá, earthen ponds (7°41'S, 34°53'W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 34297 a–d.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in INPA, MPM, HWML and USNPC.

Reference

Kritsky et al. (2001).

Spinomatrix Boeger, Fehlauer & Marques, 2006

Spinomatrix penteormos Boeger, Fehlauer & Marques, 2006

Type host

Pachyurus adspersus Steindachner, 1879

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Vau-Açú, Piranga River, Cachoeirinha da Brecha downstream (20°32'S, 42°57'W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 36502 a–f.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in MZUSP. Other paratypes deposited in INPA, MZUSP, MNHN, HWML and USNPC.

Reference

Boeger et al. (2006).

Gyrodactylidae Van Beneden & Hesse, 1863
Diechodactylus Vianna, Boeger & Silva-Souza, 2008

Diechodactylus joaberi Vianna, Boeger & Silva-Souza, 2008

Type host

Gymnotus carapo (Linnaeus, 1758) (Osteichthyes: Gymnotidae).

Infestation site

Body surface.

Type locality

Brazil, São Paulo State, São Carlos, Córrego do Feijão stream (22°06'10.7"S, 47°44'36.7"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36854 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36854 b–e.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in INPA and USNPC.

Reference

Vianna et al. (2008).

Gyrodactylus Nordmann, 1832

Gyrodactylus anisopharynx Popazoglo & Boeger, 2000

Type host

Corydoras paleatus (Jenyns, 1842) (Osteichthyes: Callichthyidae).

Infestation site

Body surface.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Piraquara, Piraquara River (25°29'59"S, 49°02'40"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 34215.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34217 a–d, 34218 a–b, 34219, 34220, 34221 b, g–j, 34222.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in IPCR, MNHN, HWML and USNPC. CHIOC 34216, 34221 a, c–f and 32223 were cited as paratypes in the original description, but they are paratypes of G. corydori Bueno-Silva & Boeger (2009).

References

Popazoglo and Boeger (2000), Bueno-Silva and Boeger (2009).

Gyrodactylus carolinae Boeger, Ferreira, Vianna & Patella, 2014

Type host

Characidium lanei

Infestation site

Body surface.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Morretes, Marumbi River (25°29'27"S, 45°49'67"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37880.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37875, 37876, 37877, 37878, 37879, 37900.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in IPCAS, HWML and USNPC.

Reference

Boeger et al. (2014).

Gyrodactylus corydori Bueno-Silva & Boeger, 2009

Type host

Corydoras paleatus

Infestation site

Body surface.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, São José dos Pinhais, Miringuava River (25°38'06"S, 49°05'07"W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 34216, 34221 a, c–f, 34223 a–b, 36911, 36912.

Remarks

Paratypes from CHIOC collected in the Piraquara River (25°29'59"S, 49°02'40"W), Piraquara (Paraná State). Holotype deposited in MZUSP. Other paratypes deposited in MZUSP, MNHN, IPCR, HWML and USNPC.

Reference

Bueno-Silva and Boeger (2009).

Gyrodactylus geophagensis Boeger & Popazoglo, 1995

Type host

Geophagus brasiliensis

Infestation site

Body surface.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Itaguaí, Da Guarda River.

Holotype

CHIOC 33144 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33144 b–e

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the collections of HWML and USNM.

Reference

Boeger and Popazoglo (1995).

Gyrodactylus inesperatus Boeger, Ferreira, Vianna & Patella, 2014

Type host

Characidium sp.

Infestation site

Body surface.

Type locality

Brazil, São Paulo State, Ribeirão Bonito, Das Almas River (24°8'52"S, 48°20'52"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37869.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37870, 37871, 37872, 37873, 37874.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in IPCAS, HWML and USNPC.

Reference

Boeger et al. (2014).

Gyrodactylus samirae Popazoglo & Boeger, 2000

Type host

Corydoras ehrhardti Steindachner, 1910

Infestation site

Body surface.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Piraquara, Piraquara River.

Holotype

CHIOC 34226 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34226 b, 34227, 34228, 34229 a–g.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in IPCR, MNHN, HWML and USNPC.

Reference

Popazoglo and Boeger (2000).

Gyrodactylus trairae Boeger & Popazoglo, 1995

Type host

Hoplias aff. malabaricus

Infestation site

Body surface.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Nova Iguaçú, Guandu River.

Holotype

CHIOC 33215 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33215 b–i.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the collections of HWML and USNM.

Reference

Boeger and Popazoglo (1995).

Hiperoplestes Boeger, Kritsky & Belmont-Jégu, 1994

Hiperopletes malmbergi Boeger, Kritsky & Belmont-Jégu, 1994

Type host

Rhineloricaria sp. (Osteichthyes: Loricariidae).

Infestation site

Body surface.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Candiru stream.

Holotype

CHIOC 33050 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33050 b–l.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the collections of HWML and USNM.

Reference

Boeger et al. (1994).

Nothogyrodactylus Kritsky & Boeger, 1991

Nothogyrodactylus amazonicus Kritsky & Boeger, 1991

Type host

Ancistrus sp. (Osteichthyes: Loricariidae).

Infestation site

Skin.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Bairro São Jorge.

Paratype

CHIOC 32706.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in BMNH, HWML, USNM and ZIAC.

Reference

Kritsky and Boeger (1991).

Nothogyrodactylus clavatus Kritsky & Boeger, 1991

Type host

Ancistrus sp.

Infestation site

Skin.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Bairro São Jorge.

Paratype

CHIOC 32705.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in BMNH, HWML, USNM and ZIAC.

Reference

Kritsky and Boeger (1991).

Nothogyrodactylus plaesiophallus Kritsky & Boeger, 1991

Type host

Ancistrus sp.

Infestation site

Skin.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Bairro São Jorge.

Paratype

CHIOC 32707.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in BMNH, HWML, USNM and ZIAC.

Reference

Kritsky and Boeger (1991).

Phanerothecium Kritsky & Thatcher, 1977

Phanerothecium harrisi Kritsky & Boeger, 1991

Type host

Hypostomus plecostomus (Linnaeus, 1758) [= Plecostomus plecostomus] (Osteichthyes: Loricariidae).

Infestation site

Skin.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Bairro São Jorge.

Paratype

CHIOC 32704.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in the INPA collection. Other paratypes deposited in BMNH, HWML, USNM and ZIAC.

Reference

Kritsky and Boeger (1991).

Phanerothecium spinatus Boeger, Kritsky & Belmont-Jégu, 1994

Type host

Hypostomus punctatus Valenciennes, 1840 (Osteichthyes: Loricariidae).

Infestation site

Body surface.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Nova Iguaçú, Guandú River.

Holotype

CHIOC 33051 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33051 b–k.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the collections of HWML and USNM.

Reference

Boeger et al. (1994).

Polyclithrum Rogers, 1967

Polyclithrum boegeri Ernst, Whittington & Jones, 2000

Type host

Mugil liza (= Mugil platanus Günther, 1880)

Infestation site

Body washings.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Itaguaí, Da Guarda River.

Holotype

CHIOC 33988 a.

Paratype

CHIOC 33988 b.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the QM collection.

Reference

Ernst et al. (2000).

Monocotylidae Taschenberg, 1879
Heterocotyle Scott, 1904

Heterocotyle sulamericana Santos, Santos, Cunha & Chisholm, 2012

Type host

Dasyatis guttata (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) (Osteichthyes: Dasyatidae).

Infection site

Gills, between secondary lamellae.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, off Angra dos Reis (23°00'24"S, 44°19'05"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37551 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37551 b–d.

Remarks

Collection numbers referred to as “3751” in the original description due to a mistake. Other paratypes deposited in AHC SAMA.

Reference

Santos et al. (2012).

Monocotyle Taschenberg, 1878

Monocotyle guttatae Santos, Santos & Gibson, 2006

Type host

Dasyatis guttata

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, off Angra dos Reis (23°00'24"S, 44°19'05"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36577.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36578 a–c.

Remarks

Other paratype deposited in the BMNH collection.

Reference

Santos et al. (2006).

Potamotrygonocotyle Mayes, Brooks & Thorson, 1981

Potamotrygonocotyle aramasae Domingues, Pancera & Marques, 2007

Type host

Paratrygon aiereba (Müller & Henle, 1841) (Chondricthyes: Potamotrygonidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Barcelos, Negro River (0°58'11"S, 62°55'13"W)

Paratypes

CHIOC 36886, 36887 a–c.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in MZUSP. Other paratypes deposited in INPA, MZUSP, IPCR, HWML and USNPC.

Reference

Domingues et al. (2007).

Potamotrygonocotyle auriculocotyle Domingues & Marques, 2011

Type host

Potamotrygon motoro (Müller & Henle, 1841) (Chondricthyes: Potamotrygonidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Cachoeira do Arari, Arari River, Urubu stream (1°00'36"S, 48°57'36"W).

Paratype

CHIOC 37399.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in MZUSP. Other paratypes deposited in INPA and MZUSP. Paratypes collected in a different site along the Urubu stream (0°59'58.2"S, 48°57'52.5594"W).

Reference

Domingues and Marques (2011).

Potamotrygonocotyle chisholmae Domingues & Marques, 2007

Type host

Potamotrygon motoro

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Miranda, Salobra River (20°14'26"S, 56°22'42"W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 36699 a–e.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in MZUSP. Other paratypes deposited in INPA, MZUSP, HWML and USNPC.

Reference

Domingues and Marques (2007).

Potamotrygonocotyle dromedarius Domingues & Marques, 2007

Type host

Potamotrygon motoro

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Miranda, Salobra River (20°14'26"S, 56°22'42"W).

Paratype

CHIOC 36802.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in MZUSP. Other paratypes deposited in INPA, MZUSP, HWML and USNPC.

Reference

Domingues and Marques (2007).

Potamotrygonocotyle eurypotamoxenus Domingues & Marques, 2007

Type host

Potamotrygon cf. motoro

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Miranda, Salobra River (20°14'26"S, 56°22'42"W).

Paratype

CHIOC 36803.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in MZUSP. Other paratypes deposited in INPA, MZUSP, HWML and USNPC. Domingues and Marques (2011) considered this species to be a synonym of P. tsalickisi Mayes, Brooks & Thorson, 1981.

References

Domingues and Marques (2007), Domingues and Marques (2011).

Potamotrygonocotyle quadracotyle Domingues, Pancera & Marques, 2007

Type host

Potamotrygon sp.

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Barcelos, Negro River (0°58'11"S, 62°55'13"W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 36883 a–d.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in MZUSP. Other paratypes deposited in INPA, MZUSP, IPCR, HWML and USNPC.

Reference

Domingues et al. (2007).

Potamotrygonocotyle rionegrense Domingues, Pancera & Marques, 2007

Type host

Potamotrygon sp.

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Barcelos, Negro River (0°58'11"S, 62°55'13"W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 36885 a–d.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in MZUSP. Other paratypes deposited in INPA, MZUSP, IPCR, HWML and USNPC.

Reference

Domingues et al. (2007).

Potamotrygonocotyle septemcotyle Domingues & Marques, 2011

Type host

Potamotrygon scobina Garman, 1913

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Colares, Marajó Bay, Tocantins River (0°55'45"S, 48°17'29"W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 37397 a–b.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in MZUSP. Other paratypes deposited in INPA, MZUSP and USNPC.

Reference

Domingues and Marques (2011).

Potamotrygonocotyle tatianae Domingues & Marques, 2011

Type host

Paratrygon sp.

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Benjamin Constant, Yavari River (4°18'15.1194"S, 70°4'19.56"W).

Paratype

CHIOC 37404.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in MZUSP. Other paratypes deposited in INPA, MZUSP, HMWL and USNPC. Paratypes collected in a different site along the Yavari River (4°18'25"S, 70°4'31"W).

Reference

Domingues and Marques (2011).

Potamotrygonocotyle tocantinsense Domingues & Marques, 2011

Type host

Potamotrygon cf. scobina

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Tocantins State, Ipueiras, Tocantins River (11°18'36"S, 48°27'36"W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 37405 a–c.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in MZUSP. Other paratypes deposited in INPA, MZUSP and USNPC. Paratypes collected from a different site along the Tocantins River (11°15'48.52"S, 48°26'56.79"W).

Reference

Domingues and Marques (2011).

Potamotrygonocotyle umbella Domingues, Pancera & Marques, 2007

Type host

Potamotrygon sp.

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Barcelos, Negro River (0°58'11"S, 62°55'13"W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 36884 a–b.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in MZUSP. Other paratypes deposited in INPA, MZUSP, IPCR, HWML and USNPC.

Reference

Domingues et al. (2007).

Potamotrygonocotyle uruguayensis Domingues & Marques, 2007

Type host

Potamotrygon brachyura (Günther, 1880)

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul State, Porto Xavier, Uruguay River (27°54'00"S, 55°08'00"W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 36807 a–d.

Remarks

Domingues and Marques (2011) considered this species to be a synonym of P. chisholmae. Holotype deposited in MZUSP. Other paratypes deposited in INPA, MZUSP, HWML and USNPC.

References

Domingues and Marques (2007), Domingues and Marques (2011).

Subclass Polystomatoinea Lebedev, 1986
Polystomatidae Gamble, 1896
Neopolystoma Price, 1939

Neopolystoma fentoni Platt, 2000

Type host

Cryptochelys leucostoma (Duméril & Bibron, 1851) (Testudines: Kinosternidae)

Infection site

Conjunctival sac.

Type locality

Costa Rica, Guanacaste, Santa Rosa, Guanacaste Conservation Area, Quebrada Costa Rica (10°49.666'N, 85°38.216'W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 34292, 34293 a–b, 34294.

Remarks

CHIOC 34292 and 34293 a–b were collected from Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima (Gray, 1856) (Testudines: Geoemydidae) in Quebrada El Duende (10°50.236'N, 85°36.724'W), Guanacaste Conservation Area. Holotype and other paratypes deposited in USNPC.

Reference

Platt (2000).

Polystomoides Ward, 1917

Polystomoides brasiliensis Vieira, Novelli, Sousa & SouzaLima, 2008

Type host

Hydromedusa maximiliani (Mikan, 1825) (Testudines: Chelidae).

Infection site

Buccal and pharyngeal cavities.

Type locality

Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Juiz de Fora, lake of Mariano Procópio Museum (21°41'20"S, 43°20'40"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36902.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36903 a–d.

Reference

Vieira et al. (2008).

Subclass Oligochoinea Bychowsky, 1937
Allodiscocotylidae Tripathi, 1959
Metacamopiella Kohn, Santos & Lebedev, 1996

Metacamopiella euzeti Kohn, Santos & Lebedev, 1996

Type host

Trachinotus carolinus (Linnaeus, 1766) (Osteichthyes: Carangidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Guanabara Bay (23°48'S, 43°10'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 33059.

Remarks

Paratypes deposited in PC–IBPRAS.

Reference

Kohn et al. (1996).

Metacamopia oligoplites Takemoto, Amato & Luque, 1996

Type host

Oligoplites palometa (Cuvier, 1833) (Osteichthyes: Carangidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Itacuruça, Sepetiba Bay (22°51'S, 43°56'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 33623 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33623 b–c, 33624, 33625.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in USNPC.

Reference

Takemoto et al. (1996).

Anoplodiscidae Tagliani, 1912
Anoplodiscus Sonsino, 1890

Anoplodiscus longivaginatus Paraguassú, Luque & Alves, 2002

Type host

Pagrus pagrus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Osteichthyes: Sparidae).

Infection site

Mouth and gills.

Type locality

Brazil, coastal zone of Rio de Janeiro State (21–23°S, 41–45°W).

Holotype

CHIOC 34905.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34906 a–d, 34907.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in MPM and USNPC.

Reference

Paraguassú et al. (2002).

Diclidophoridae Cerfontaine, 1895
Absonifibula Lawler & Overstreet, 1976

Absonifibula estuarina Santos & Timi, 2009

Type host

Cynoscion guatucupa

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Argentina, Buenos Aires Province, Mar del Plata (38°08'S 57°32'W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 37205 a–d.

Remarks

Holotype and other paratypes deposited in CHMLP.

Reference

Santos and Timi (2009).

Choricotyle van Beneden & Hesse, 1863

Choricotyle brasiliensis Luque, Amato & Takemoto, 1993

Type host

Orthopristis ruber (Cuvier, 1830) (Osteichthyes: Haemulidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Sepetiba Bay (22°51'S, 43°56'W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 33105, 33106.

Remarks

Holotype and other paratypes deposited in the USNM collection.

Reference

Luque et al. (1993a).

Choricotyle orthopristis Luque, Amato & Takemoto, 1993

Type host

Orthopristis ruber

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Sepetiba Bay (22°51'S, 43°56'W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 33108 a–b.

Remarks

One of the collection numbers is referred to as “38108b” in the original description due to a mistake. Holotype and other paratypes deposited in the USNM collection.

Reference

Luque et al. (1993a).

Choricotyle rohdei Cohen, Cárdenas, Fernandes & Kohn, 2011

Type host

Ctenosciaena gracilicirrhus (Metzelaar, 1919) (Osteichthyes: Sciaenidae).

Infection site

Gill lamellae.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Angra dos Reis (23°00'24"S, 44°19'05"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37473 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37473 b, 37474 a–b, 37475, 37476 a–b, 37477 a–b, 37478, 37479 a–b, 37480, 37481, 37482, 37483 a–c, 37484 a–b, 37485, 37486, 37487, 37488 a–b, 37489 a–c, 37490 a–c, 37491.

Reference

Cohen et al. (2011).

Heteraxinidae Unnithan, 1957
Probursata Bravo-Hollis, 1984

Probursata brasiliensis Takemoto, Amato & Luque, 1993

Type host

Oligoplites palometa

Infection site

Gill filaments.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Sepetiba Bay, Itacuruçá (22°61'S, 43°56'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 33069.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33053 a–b, 33054, 33055, 33056, 33057.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the USNM collection.

Reference

Takemoto et al. (1993).

Macrovalvitrematidae Yamaguti, 1963
Pseudotagia Yamaguti, 1963

Pseudotagia rubri Luque, Amato & Takemoto, 1993b

Type host

Orthopristis ruber

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Sepetiba Bay, Itacuruçá (22°51'S, 43°56'W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 33100, 33101, 33102.

Remarks

Holotype and other paratypes deposited in the USNM collection.

Reference

Luque et al. (1993b).

Mazocraeidae Price, 1936
Cribomazocraes Mamaevm, 1981

Cribomazocraes travassosi Santos & Kohn, 1992

Type host

Harengula clupeola (Cuvier, 1829) (Osteichthyes: Clupeidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Rio de Janeiro, Ilha do Governador.

Holotype

CHIOC 32758.

Remarks

No paratype deposited, only vouchers.

Reference

Santos and Kohn (1992).

Microcotylidae Taschenberg, 1879
Microcotyle van Beneden & Hesse, 1863

Microcotyle pseudopercis Amato & Cezar, 1994

Type host

Pseudopercis numida Miranda-Ribeiro, 1903 (Osteichthyes: Pinguipedidae).

Infection site

Gill filaments.

Type locality

Brazil, coast of Rio de Janeiro State (21–23°S, 41–45°W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 33290 a–b.

Remarks

Holotype and other paratype deposited in the USNM collection.

Reference

Amato and Cezar (1994).

Paranaella Kohn, Baptista-Farias & Cohen, 2000

Paranaella luquei Kohn, Baptista-Farias & Cohen, 2000

Type host

Hypostomus sp.

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River, reservoir of the Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Station.

Holotype

CHIOC 33954 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33954 b–h.

Remarks

There is no paratype “i”, as informed in the original description. That was a mistake.

Reference

Kohn et al. (2000).

Plectanocotylidae Poche, 1926
Octoplectanocotyla Yamaguti, 1937

Octoplectanocotyla travassosi Carvalho & Luque, 2012

Type host

Trichiurus lepturus

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Guanabara Bay (23°1'52"S, 43°11'56"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37386.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37387 a–b, 37388 a–b.

Reference

Carvalho and Luque (2012).

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to David Elliff of GAAm Grupo Avançado de Assessoria Médica LTDA for reviewing the English of this manuscript. We thank Juliane Nunes Bernardo, Marianna Silva Costa, and Tainah Domingos Soares for technical support. AM is grateful to the National Bank for Economic and Social Development (Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social, BNDES), Project No: VPPLR-001-FIO-14-2-1-36, and the Foundation for Health-related Scientific and Technological Development in Health (Fundação para o Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico em Saúde, FIOTEC) for the technological research development fellowship.

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