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Research Article
Aspilota isfahanensis, a new species of the genus Aspilota Foerster, 1863 from Iran (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Alysiinae)
expand article infoFrancisco Javier Peris Felipo, Zahra Yari§, Ehsan Rakhshani§, Sergey Belokobylskij|
‡ University of Valencia, Paterna, Spain
§ University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran
| Zoological Institute RAS, St. Petersburg, Russia
Open Access

Abstract

A new species of Aspilota without mesoscutal pit, A. isfahanensis Peris-Felipo, sp. n., is described and illustrated from Iran. The new species is compared with its three morphologically most similar species, A. compressiventris Stelfox & Grahan, 1951, A. makita Papp, 2008 and A. spiracula Munk & Peris-Felipo, 2013, is provided. A key to the western Asian species of Aspilota is provided.

Keywords

Alysiinae , Aspilota , new species, identification key, Palaearctic, Iran

Introduction

The complex of genera that are closely related to Aspilota is the most taxonomically complicated group within the braconid Alysiinae, mainly because of their small body size and their reduced number of available diagnostic characters (Belokobylskij 2005). The genus Aspilota Foerster, 1863, is well defined by the presence of the paraclypeal fovea connecting with inner margin of eye and of the vein cuqu1 (2-SR) of the fore wing (van Achterberg 1988; Peris-Felipo and Belokobylskij 2016).

Information about Aspilota species from Western Asia is scarce, and only two species have been previously recorded, both from Iran (Yu et al. 2012; Gadallah et al. 2015). In this work, an additional new species of Aspilota from Iran (Isfahan Province) is described. The new species is compared with its three morphologically similar Palaearctic species, A. compressiventris Stelfox & Grahan, 1951, A. makita Papp, 2008 and A. spiracula Munk & Peris-Felipo, 2013, is provided. Finally, a key to the three western Asian species of Aspilota is given.

Material and methods

For the terminology of the morphological features, sculpture and measurements, see Peris-Felipo et al. (2014); for wing venation nomenclature, see Peris-Felipo et al. (2014) and in parenthesis van Achterberg (1993). The keys by Fischer (1976, 1978), Belokobylskij and Tobias (2007) and Papp (2008) were used for the identification of the new Aspilota species. The material was imaged using Digital Microscope Keyence® VHX-2000 and Adobe Photoshop® imaging system. The types of the new species are deposited in the collections of the Naturhistorisches Museum (Vienna, Austria; NHMW) and Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (St Petersburg, Russia; ZISP).

Taxonomy

Order Hymenoptera L., 1758
Family Braconidae Nees, 1811
Subfamily Alysiinae Leach, 1815
Genus Aspilota Foerster, 1863

Aspilota isfahanensis Peris-Felipo, sp. n.

Figs 1, 2

Type material

Holotype: female, Iran, Isfahan, 6.x.2012, sweep net on Chenopodium sp. (E. Nader leg.) (NHMW). Paratype: 1♀, same data as for holotype (ZISP).

Description

Female (holotype).

Head. In dorsal view, 1.9 times as wide as its median long, 1.4 times as wide as mesoscutum, smooth, with temple rounded behind eyes (Fig. 1F). Eye in lateral view 1.4 times as high as wide and 1.7 times as wide as temple medially (Figs 1B, 2A). POL 1.6 times OD; OOL 3.0 times OD (Fig. 1F). Face 1.9 times as wide as high; inner margins of eyes subparallel (Fig. 1E). Clypeus 2.5 times as wide as high, slightly curved ventrally (Fig. 1E). Paraclypeal fovea reaching inner margin of eye (Fig. 1E). Mandible 3-dentate, weakly widened towards apex, 1.3 times as long as its maximum width. Upper tooth distinctly shorter then lower tooth, very small and rounded; middle tooth rather long and narrow, longer than lower tooth, pointed apically; lower tooth widest, rounded, distinctly moving downwards (Fig. 1C). Antennae 17-segmented, 0.8 times as long as body. Scape 2.4 times longer than pedicel. First flagellar segment 3.3 times as long as its apical width, 1.3 times as long as second segment. Second flagellar segment 2.2 times as long as its maximum width; third to twelfth segments about 1.8 times as long as their maximum width, 13th and 14th segments 2.0 times, and 15th (apical) segment 2.5 times as long as their wide accordingly (Fig. 1D).

Figure 1. 

Aspilota isfahanensis sp. n. (female, holotype). A Habitus, lateral view B Head, lateral view C Mandible D Antenna E Head, front view F Head, dorsal view.

Mesosoma. In lateral view, 1.2 times as long as high (Fig. 2A). Mesoscutum (dorsal view) 0.8 times as long as its maximum width, smooth, with two lines of sparse setae along tracks of notauli (Fig. 2B). Notauli mainly absent on horizontal surface of mesoscutum (Fig. 2B). Mesoscutal pit absent (Fig. 2B). Prescutellar depression smooth, without lateral carinae (Fig. 2B). Precoxal sulcus present, crenulate, not reaching anterior and posterior margins of mesopleuron (Fig. 2A). Posterior mesopleural furrow crenulate in upper half, smooth in lower half (Fig. 2A). Propodeum with pentagonal areola delineated by distinct carinae (Fig. 2C). Propodeal spiracles relatively small (Fig. 2C).

Figure 2. 

Aspilota isfahanensis sp. n. (female, holotype). A Head and mesosoma, lateral view B Mesonotum C Propodeum D First metasomal tergite E Hind leg, metasoma and ovipositor, lateral view F Fore and hind wings.

Wings (Fig. 2F). Length of fore wing 2.7 times as long as its maximum width. Radial (marginal) cell ending at apex of wing, 4.0 times as long as its maximum width. Vein r2 (3-SR) 2.3 times as long as vein cuqu1 (2-SR); vein r3 (SR1) 2.5 times as long as vein r2 (3-SR). Nervulus (cu-a) distinctly postfurcal. Brachial (subdiscal) cell closed distally, 3.0 times as long as its maximum width. Hind wing 6.5 times as long as its maximum width.

Legs (Fig. 2E). Hind femur claviform, 4.0 times as long as its maximum width. Hind tibia weakly widened towards apex, 9.7 times as long as its maximum subapical width, 1.5 times as long as its hind tarsus. First segment of hind tarsus twice as long as second segment.

Metasoma. First tergite long, slightly widened towards apex, 2.6 times as long as its apical width, finely rugose-striate in apical half (Fig. 2D). Ovipositor 1.2 times as long as first tergite, 0.4 times as long as metasoma, 0.9 times as long as hind femur, 0.2 times as long as fore wing (Fig. 2E).

Colour. Body, antenna, and pterostigma dark brown. Mandibles and legs yellowish brown. Wings hyaline. Length. Body 1.8 mm; fore wing 2.0 mm; hind wing 1.8 mm. Variation. Antenna 16–17-segmented.

Male. Unknown.

Etymology

Named after Isfahan, the type locality of new species.

Comparative diagnosis

This new species is similar to A. compressiventris Stelfox & Grahan, 1951 (Austria, Hungary, Russia, and U.K), A. makita Papp, 2008 (Hungary and Romania) and A. spiracula Munk & Peris-Felipo, 2013 (Denmark). All these species have the propodeum with a pentagonal areola delineated by a distinct carinae. However, A. isfahanensis sp. n. differs from A. compressiventris in having the mandible 1.3 times as long as its maximum width (1.7 times in A. compressiventris), the first flagellar segment 3.3 times as long as its maximum width (4.0 times in A. compressiventris), the hind femur 4.0 times as long as its maximum width (4.5 times in A. compressiventris), the first metasomal tergite 2.6 times as long as its apical width (3.0–4.0 times in A. compressiventris), the face 1.9 times as long as high (1.5 times in A. compressiventris), and the head in dorsal view 1.9 times as long as long (1.5 times in A. compressiventris). The new species differs from A. makita in having the mandible 1.3 times as long as its maximum width (1.7 times in A. makita), a hind femur 4.0 times as long as its maximum apical (3.2 times in A. makita), the first metasomal tergite 2.6 times as long as its apical width (2.0 times in A. makita), a propodeum with the areola distinctly delineated by carinae (areola less distinctly delineated in A. makita), the first flagellar segment 3.3 times as long as its maximum width (4.0 times in A. makita), and the upper tooth rounded (pointed in A. makita). Finally, A. isfahanensis sp. n. differs from A. spiracula in having the mandible 1.3 times as long as its maximum width (1.5 times in A. spiracula), the eye in lateral view 1.7 times as wide as the temple medially (nearly as long in A. spiracula), the first flagellar segment 3.3 times as long as its maximum width (2.5 times in A. spiracula), middle flagellar segments 1.8–2.2 times as long as their maximum widths (1.0–1.1 times A. spiracula), the first metasomal tergite 2.6 times as long as its apical width (2.3 times in A. spiracula), and a long metasoma (short in A. spiracula).

Key to the western Asian species of Aspilota

1 Eye in lateral view 0.5–0.8 times as wide as temple medially. First metasomal tergite about 2.0 times as long as its apical width. Hind femur 4.5–5.0 times as long as its maximum width 2
Eye in lateral view 1.7 times as wide as temple medially (Fig. 1B, 2A). First metasomal tergite 2.6 times as long as its apical width (Fig. 2D). Hind femur 4.0 times as long as its maximum width (Fig. 2E). Body length 1.8 mm. Iran A. isfahanensis Peris-Felipo, sp. n.
2 Eye in lateral view 0.5 times as wide as temple medially. First flagellar segment 4.0 times as long as its maximum width; middle segments 1.5 times as long as their maximum width. Hind femur 5.0 times as long as its maximum width. Vein r2 (3-SR) 2.0 times as long as vein cuqu1 (2-SR). Body length 1.8 mm. Iran A. alfalfae Fischer, Lashkari Bod, Rakhshani & Talebi, 2011
Eye in lateral view 0.8 times as wide as temple medially. First flagellar segment 3.5 times as long as its maximum width; middle segments 1.8 times as long as their maximum width. Hind femur 4.5 times as long as its maximum width. Vein r2 (3-SR) 2.5 times as long as vein cuqu1 (2-SR). Body length 1.8–2.2 mm. Austria, Greece, Hungary, Iran A. delicata Fischer, 1973

Acknowledgements

We are very grateful to Dominique Zimmermann and Maximilian Fischer (Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Austria) for their kindness and the facilities provided during our stay in Vienna. We want to thank especially Isabelle Zürcher-Pfander, Matthias Borer and Daniel Burckhardt (Naturhistorisches Museum Basel, Switzerland) for their kind-heartedness and help during our work with photosystem in the Museum. The present work was supported by grant to the last author given by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project No. 16–04–00197) and the Russian State Research Project No. 01201351189. The contribution by E. Rakhshani is supported by the grant No. 89-9198 of the University of Zabol.

References

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