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Research Article
Additions to the Limoniidae and Pediciidae fauna of Morocco, with an updated checklist (Diptera, Tipuloidea)
expand article infoOuafaa Driauach, Boutaïna Belqat
‡ University Abdelmalek Essaâdi-Faculty of Sciences, Tétouan, Morocco
Open Access

Abstract

Eighteen species of Limoniidae and two species of Pediciidae are recorded for the first time in Morocco, of which 15 species are new to North Africa. An updated checklist of Moroccan short-palped craneflies (Limoniidae and Pediciidae) is appended, containing 73 species in 25 genera.

Keywords

Morocco, new records, North Africa, Short-palped crane flies, updated checklist

Introduction

Limoniidae and Pediciidae belong to the Tipuloidea together with Cylindrotomidae and Tipulidae. The Limoniidae comprise more than 741 species already known in the Westpalaeartic region, from which only 102 species are known to occur in Morocco (49), Algeria (32), Tunisia (9), Libye (1) and Egypt (11). The Pediciidae are the second smallest family of the Tipuloidea, with 77 recognized taxa in the Westpalaeartic of which only 4 were recorded from North Africa, in Morocco (Driauach et al. 2013, Oosterbroek 2015).

Adults of Limoniidae and Pediciidae are associated with moist environments. They are usually collected from damp vegetation along the borders of various water bodies and from damp forests (Starý et al. 2005, De Jong et al. 2008). Their immature stages are usually found in a wide range of aquatic and semi-aquatic habitats (Reusch and Oosterbroek 1997).

Limoniidae and Pediciidae are poorly known in Morocco. They only received sporadic faunistic records made by European entomologists (Pierre 1922a, b, Pierre 1924, Séguy 1941a, b, Vaillant 1956, Starý 1971, Starý 1974, Savchenko et al. 1992, Eiroa 2000, Pârvu et al. 2006, Starý 2006, Starý and Oosterbroek 2008, Starý 2009, Starý 2011).

Only a single attempt was made to summarize the knowledge of the Moroccan fauna in the first checklist of the short-palped crane flies of Morocco (Driauach et al. 2013) and very recent research also revealed a new species, Baeoura staryi from Morocco including an identification key of the genus Baeoura in the West Palaearctic species (Driauach and Belqat 2015).

Prior to the present study, there were 53 species recorded from Morocco (Oosterbroek 2015). New findings increase the number of Moroccan Limoniidae and Pediciidae to 73. Altogether 44 species of Limoniidae and Pediciidae are collected and recorded in this work. Of these, 18 species of Limoniidae and two species of Pediciidae are recorded for the first time in Morocco of which 15 species are new to North Africa.

Material and methods

The material presented in this work come from field campaigns carried out by the authors between 2011 and 2015 in 77 sites distributed over a mountainous area (Rif, High Atlas, Middle Atlas, Beni Snassen) and arid area (Sahara) of Morocco. A total of 564 specimens of short-palped crane flies (515 specimens of Limoniidae and 49 specimens of Pediciidae) were identified. Adults were mostly collected by sweeping vegetation with entomological hand net whereas other specimens were reared in the laboratory from the substratum taken from several zones of water bodies margins and kept under the laboratory conditions. Fresh material was stored in 70% alcohol. For identification, the male terminalia, if necessary, were prepared by boiling in a solution of 10% KOH and preserved in glycerine. All the specimens were collected by the authors and are deposited in the Diptera Collection of the Faculty of Sciences, University Abdelmalek Essaâdi, Tétouan, Morocco. The Distribution as it is given for individual species is based on Oosterbroek (2015).

The checklist of Moroccan short-palped craneflies is updated. New records are marked with an asterisk (*) and bold set text. A brief description of the material examined is given and the distribution of the identified species is provided, together with notes on the breeding sites (Table 1).

Sampling sites (in alphabetic order) for the adults of Limoniidae and Pediciidae in Moroccan regions, 2011–2015, with localities, geographical coordinates and altitudes.

Site Locality Province Altitude (m) Geographical coordinates Type of habitat
Rif Mts
Tributary of Oued El Fondak Aïn Lahcen, Khandek Melouka Tétouan 291 35°33.544'N, 05°34.995'W River of the middle course
Tributary of Oued El Kebir Route de Beni Yedder Chefchaouen 145 35°25.864'N, 05°27.610'W River of the middle course
Tributary of Oued Hachef Dar Chaoui Tanger-Assila 47 35°31.458'N, 05°43.771'W Small stream
Tributary of Oued Majjou Nord Majjou Chefchaouen 786 35°06.730'N, 05°11.309'W Small stream
Tributary of Oued Ouara Khandek Romana, Jbel Khizana Chefchaouen 1003 35°02.579N 05°12.872'W River of the middle course
Tributary of Oued Taïda Sidi Brahim Ben Arrif Larache 860 35°20.398'N, 05°32.471W River of the higher course
Tributary of Oued Zarka Zarka Chefchaouen 128 35°31.220'N, 05°20.461'W Stream
Aïn Afersiw Mezine Chefchaouen 746 35°05.945'N, 05°20.439'W Spring
Aïn Bab Tariouente Ânasar Chefchaouen 1440 35°01.110'N, 05°00.586'W Spring and stream
Aïn Boughaba Jbel Bou Bessoui, Cedar Forest Chefchaouen 1526 34°58.779'N, 04°46.366'W Spring
Aïn Chouk Aïn Chouk Larache 5 35°09.803'N, 06°06.473'W Marsh
Aïn El Ma Bared Bouzthate Chefchaouen 1246 35°00.333'N, 05°12.105'W Spring and irrigation canal
Aïn El Maounzil Parc National de Talassemtane Chefchaouen 1106 35°04.577'N, 05°10.406'W Spring and brook
Aïn El Malâab Parc National de Talassemtane Chefchaouen 1278 35°05.509'N, 05°09.443'W Spring and brook
Aïn Quanquben Jbel Bou Bessoui Chefchaouen 1600 34°57.750'N, 04°40.783'W Spring
Aïn Mâaze Jbel Bouhachem Larache 1294 35°14.381'N, 05°26.316'W Spring
Aïn Ras El Ma Majjou Chefchaouen 856 35°06.873'N, 5°11.388'W Spring
Aïn Sidi Brahim Ben Arrif (Site 1) Route moulay Abdessalam Larache 882 35°20.415'N, 05°32.535'W Small stream
Aïn Sidi Brahim Ben Arrif (Site 2) Route moulay Abdessalam Larache 897 35°20.398'N, 05°32.712'W Spring and brook
Aïn Takhninjoute Bab Rouida, Parc National de Talassemtane Chefchaouen 1512 35°06.881'N, 05°08.270'W Spring
Âounsar Aheramen Majjou Chefchaouen 855 35°06.162'N, 05°10.739'W Spring
Barrage Ajras Aïn Lahcen Tétouan 49 35°33.833'N, 05°29.902'W Barrage
Barrage Moulay Bouchta Larbaa Beni Hassan Tétouan 364 35°15.864'N, 05°21.221'W Barrage
Cascade Chrafate Chrafate Chefchaouen 820 35°03.997'N, 05°06.434'W Waterfall
Cascade Zarka Zarka Tétouan 147 35°31.211'N, 05°20.477'W Waterfall
Daya Aïn Jdioui Aïn Jdioui Tanger-Assilah 5 35°34.074'N, 05°55.499'W Pond
Daya Amsemlil Jbel Bouhachem Tétouan 1059 35°15.596'N, 05°25.917'W Bog
Daya El Ânassar Bab Berred Chefchaouen 1183 35°00.788'N, 04°57.419'W Bog
Daya Fifi Fifi Chefchaouen 1202 35°1.367'N, 05°12.335'W Bog
Daya Jbel Zemzem Jbel Zemzem Tétouan 233 35°45.553'N, 05°22.340'W Pond
Daya Mezine Mezine Chefchaouen 778 35°06.104'N, 5°21.177'W Pond
Daya Mghara Dar Chaoui Tétouan 44 35°31.471'N, 05°42.963'W Pond
Daya Mtahen Jbel Bouhachem Larache 966 35°16.195'N, 05°26.158'W Pond
Daya near Aïn Afersiw Mezine Chefchaouen 716 35°06.069'N, 5°20.337'W Pond
Daya Tazia Route Moulay Abdessalam Larache 721 35°20.814'N, 05°33.139'W Pond
Daya Rmali El Malâab, Parc National de Talassemtane Chefchaouen 1276 35°05.563'N, 05°09.488'W Pond
Daya Afrate Tanaqoub Chefchaouen 600 35°05.634'N, 05°26.028'W Bog
Lac Badriouen Badriouen Tanger 34 35°42.083'N, 05°52.116'W Lack
Maison forestière Parc National de Talassemtane Chefchaouen 1674 35°08.076'N, 05°08.262'W Spring and brook
Marj El Kheyl Jbel Bouhachem Tétouan 989 35°15.985'N, 05°26.209'W Marshland
Oued Aârate Dardara Chefchaouen 269 35°07.381'N, 05°17.456'W River of the middel course
Oued Aârkoub Aârkoub Chefchaouen 140 35°15.943'N, 04°50.631'W River of the middel course
Oued Abou Bnar Douar Abou Bnar, Parc National de Talassemtane Chefchaouen 1254 35°10.977'N, 05°08.005'W River of the higher course
Oued Amsa Amsa Tétouan 13 35°31.593'N, 05°13.821'W Downstream of the river
Oued El Kanar Stehate Chefchaouen 50 35°17.233'N, 04°59.639'W Downstream of the river
Oued Amsemlil (Site 1) Jbel Bouhachem Larache 1059 35°15.614'N, 05°25.943'W River of the higher course
Oued Amsemlil (Site 3) Jbel Bouhachem Larache 1134 35°15.635'N, 05°26.134'W River of the higher course
Oued at 15 Km from Fifi Bouzthate Chefchaouen 1256 35°00.805'N, 05°12.365'W River of the higher course
Oued Azila Azila, Jbel Tidghine Al Hoceïma 1601 34°52.028'N, 04°32.609'W River of the higher course
Oued El Kebir Route Vers Beni Yedder Tétouan 89 35°27.351'N, 05°25.796'W River of the middel course
Oued El Koub Souk El Had Chefchaouen 124 35°01.298'N, 05°25.333'W Waterfall
Oued Farda Akchour Chefchaouen 394 35°14.147'N, 05°10.576'W River of the higher course
Oued Jnane Niche Jnane Niche Chefchaouen 36 35°17.019'N, 04°51.233'W River of the middel course
Oued Loukous Souk El Had Chefchaouen 148 35°01.317'N, 05°25.246'W River of the middle course
Oued Kelâa Akchour Chefchaouen 303 35°14.268'N, 05°10.452'W River of the higher course
Oued Madissouka. Madissouka, Parc National de Talassemtane Chefchaouen 1367 35°10.622'N, 05°08.400'W River of the higher course
Oued Majjou (Hafa meqlouba) Majjou Chefchaouen 825 35°06.175'N, 05°10.836'W River of the higher course
Oued Majjou (Pont) Majjou Chefchaouen 786 35°06.730'N, 05°11.309'W River of the higher course
Oued Majjou (Zaouiet El habtiyne) Zaouiet El Habtiyne Chefchaouen 800 35°06.784'N, 05°11.784'W River of the higher course
Oued Mlila Route de Ouazzane Ouazzane 172 35°02.086'N, 05°22.133'W River of the middle course
Oued Ouara Ikedjiouen Chefchaouen 680 35°3.987'N, 05°14.05'W River of the middle course
Oued Ouringa Jebha Chefchaouen 17 35°11.438'N, 04°41.150'W Downstream of the river
Oued Sidi Yahya Aârab Sidi Yahya Aârab Chefchaouen 62 35°17.545'N, 04°53.503'W River of the middel course
Oued Taïda Taïda Larache 505 35°22.250'N, 05°32.355'W River of the middel course
Oued Tamerte Belota Chefchaouen 114 34°57.607'N, 05°32.061'W River of the middel course
Oued Tizekhte Larbaa Beni Hassan Tétouan 728 35°18.600'N, 05°23.097'W Stream of the middle course
Oued Tkaraâ Jbel Bouhachem Larache 959 35°16.063'N, 05°25.829'W River of the higher course
Oued Zarka Kitane Tétouan 52 35°32.412'N, 05°20.393'W River of the middel course
Oued Zendoula 15 km North Ouazzane Ouazzane 108 34°55.707'N, 05°31.942'W River of the middel course
Seguia Mtahen Mtahen, Jbel Bouhachem Larache 983 35°16.226'N, 05°26.212'W Small stream
Beni Snassen
Grotte du Chameau Zegzel, Beni Snassen Berkan 427 34°50.447'N, 02°21.532'W Irrigation canal
Oued Tafoughalt Tafoughalt, Beni Snassen, Berkan 751 34°48.941'N, 02°24.471'W River of the Middle course
Oued Beni Ouachekradi Beni Snassen Berkan 534 34°50.974'N, 02°16.217'W River of the middle course
Middel Atlas Mts
Barrage Allal El Fassi Gîte Aït Ayoub Sefrou 537 33°55.446'N, 4°40.558'W Dam
High Atlas Mts
Oued Sidi Fares Sidi Fares, Parc National de Toubkal Marrakech 1807 31°14.029'N, 07°52.813'W River of the higher course
Assif Haouz Imlil, Parc National De Toubkal Marrakech 1896 31°07.424'N, 7°55.083'W Stream
Sahara
Oued Zag Zag Assa-Zag 400 28°01.344'N, 09°17.926'W River of the middle course

Systematic part

Limoniidae: Chioneinae

Cheilotrichia (Empeda) cinerascens (Meigen, 1804)

Material examined

Oued Ouara, 1♂, 2♀♀, 23.XI.2012; Oued Amsa, 2♂♂, 13.XII.2013; Oued Majjou (Hafa meqlouba), 1♂, 10.V.2014; Grotte du Chameau, 1♂, 3♀♀, 24.XI.2014; Aïn Quanquben, 1♂, 28.IV.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Europe, Morocco, Georgia, Turkey, Cyprus, Israel, Iran. First record from Beni Snassen.

Cheilotrichia (Empeda) fuscohalterata (Strobl, 1906)

Material examined

Daya Fifi, 1♂, 23.XI.2012; Tributary of Oued El Fondak, 2♂♂, 10.II.2013, 1♂, 10.IV.2013; Barrage Ajras, 2♂♂, 10.II.2013; Daya Mghara, 6♂♂, 14.II.2013; Oued Zarka, 1♂, 23.II.2015; Oued Tizekhte, 1♂, 2♀♀, 28.II.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Italy, Portugal, Spain, First records from Morocco and North Africa.

Cheilotrichia (Empeda) minima (Strobl, 1898)

Material examined

Oued Zendoula, 2♂♂, 31.V.2013; Oued Jnane Niche, 1♂, 1♀, 25.IV.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Known from Europe (except for the north) and the south of the Palaearctic as far east as Kyrgyzstan. First records from Morocco and North Africa.

Ellipteroides (Ellipteroides) lateralis (Macquart, 1835)

Material examined

Daya Afrate, 3♂♂, 18.IV.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Southern part of Europe, Morocco, Lebanon, Israel and Turkey. First record from the Rif.

Erioconopa diuturna (Walker, 1848)

Material examined

Daya Jbel Zemzem, 1♂, 23.IV.2014; Oued Mezine, 4♂♂, 18.IV.2015; Aïn Bab Tariouente, 2♂♂, 2♀♀, 28.IV.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Europe, Morocco, Turkey. First record from the Rif.

Erioptera (Erioptera) fuscipennis Meigen, 1818

Material examined

Aïn El Ma Bared, 2♂♂, 30.III.2012; Oued Amsemlil (Site 1), 1♂, 1♀, 27.IV.2012; Oued Majjou (Pont), 2♂♂, 15.V.2012; Oued Tkaraâ, 1♂, 30.V.2013; Daya near Aïn Afersiw, 3♂♂, 1♀, 11.VI.2013; Aïn Afersiw, 3♂♂, 1♀, 11.VI.2013; Oued Abou Bnar, 2♂♂, 18.V. 2014; Oued Majjou (Zaouiet El habtiyne), 9♂♂, 6♀♀, 12.VII.2014; Daya Amsemlil, 2♂♂, 2.XI.2014; Daya Aïn Jdioui, 12♂♂, 5♀♀, 28.III.2015; Daya Afrate, 2♂♂, 2♀♀, 18.IV.2015; Oued Mezine, 1♂, 18.IV.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Europe, Morocco, Algeria, Azerbaijan, Iran.

Erioptera (Erioptera) lutea lutea Meigen, 1804

Material examined

Aïn Boughaba, 1♂, 24.V.2013 (sweep net).

Distribution

Europe, Transcaucasia, Turkey, Israel, ?Iran, Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan. First records from Morocco and North Africa.

Gonomyia (Gonomyia) abscondita Lackschewitz, 1935

Material examined

Maison forestière, 3♂♂, 21.IV.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Rep., Finland, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Sweden, Ukraine. First records from Morocco and North Africa.

Gonomyia (Gonomyia) subtenella (Meigen, 1818)

Material examined

Oued Beni Ouachekradi, 2♂♂, 30.XII.2014, 1♀, 8.I.2015 (reared); Oued Jnane Niche, 1♂, 25.IV.2015; Oued Sidi Yahya Aârab, 1♂, 3♀♀, 25.IV.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Czech Rep., Lithuania, Macedonia, Slovakia, Sweden, Morocco (High Atlas), Georgia, Azerbaijan, Iran. First records from Rif and Beni Snassen.

Gonomyia (Gonomyia) sicula Lackschewitz, 1940

Material examined

Oued El Kebir, 1♂, 17.IV.2013; Daya Jbel Zemzem, 7♂♂, 23.IV.2014; Aïn Sidi Brahim Ben Arrif (Site 2), 1♂, 25.IV.2014; Daya Tazia, 1♂, 25.IV.2014; Aïn El Maounzil, 1♂, 21.IV.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Italy, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey. First records from Morocco.

Hoplolabis (Parilisia) sororcula (Lackschewitz, 1940)

Material examined

Barrage Ajras, 3♂♂, 1♀, 10.II.2013; Oued Ouringa, 1♂, 19.IV.2013; Oued El Kanar, 1♂, 14.VI.2013; Oued Majjou (Hafa meqlouba), 1♂, 10.V.2014 (sweep net).

Distribution

France, Germany, Italy (incl. Sicily), Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland, Ukraine, Morocco. First records from the Rif.

Idiocera (Idiocera) ampullifera (Stary, 1979)

Material examined

Oued Zag, 1♂, 1♀, 22.V.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Egypt, Israel. First record from Morocco.

Idiocera (Idiocera) pulchripennis (Loew, 1856)

Material examined

Oued Jnane Niche, 1♂, 2♀♀, 19.IV.2013, 3♂♂, 1♀, 14.VI.2013; Oued Aârkoub, 1♂, 19.IV.2013, 1♂, 16.III.2014; Aïn Jdioui, 4♂♂, 2♀♀, 28.III.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Southern part of Europe, Canary Islands, Morocco, Algeria, Egypt, Transcaucasia, Turkey, Cyprus, Israel, Iran, Central Asia. First record from the Rif.

Idiocera (Idiocera) sziladyi (Lackschewitz, 1940)

Material examined

Oued Zarka, 1♂, 22.V.2014 (light trap).

Distribution

Europe (except for northern countries), Algeria, Egypt, Yemen. First record from Morocco.

Ilisia maculata (Meigen, 1804)

Material examined

Oued Tafoughalt, 2♂♂, 25.XI.2014; Oued Majjou (Hafa meqlouba), 1♂, 27.IV.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Europe, Transcaucasia, Turkey , Iran. First records from Morocco and North Africa.

Molophilus (Molophilus) obscurus (Meigen, 1818)

Material examined

Tributary of Oued Ouara, 1♂, 27.IV.2013, 5♂♂, 6.V.2014; Tributary of Oued Majjou, 2♂♂, 03.V.2013; Daya El Ânassar, 1♂, 24.V.2013; Daya Jbel Zemzem, 2♂♂, 23.IV.2014; Aïn El Ma Bared, 1♂, 1♀, 6.V.2014; Daya Rmali, 1♂, 17.V.2014; Oued Amsemlil (Site 1), 1♂, 2.XI.2014; Aïn Mâaze, 1♂, 1.XI.2014; Daya Afrate, 9♂♂, 18.IV.2015; Daya Mtahen, 1♂, 25.V.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Europe, Morocco (High Atlas), Transcaucasia, Turkey, Cyprus, Lebanon, Israel. First records from the Rif.

Molophilus (Molophilus) propinquuspropinquus (Egger, 1863)

Material examined

Oued Ouara, 1♂, 7.I.2013 (reared); Oued Farda, 3♂♂, 24.IV.2013; Tributary of Oued Taïda, 1♂, 25.IV.2014; Oued Majjou (Hafa meqlouba), 1♂, 27.IV.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Europe, Morocco (High Atlas), Georgia, Turkey. First records from the Rif.

Molophilus (Molophilus) testaceus Lackschewitz, 1940

Material examined

Daya Amsemlil, 1♂, 23.V.2012, 1♂, 1♀, 30.V.2013; Daya Mtahen, 2♀♀, 23.V.2012; Marje El kheyl, 3♂♂, 5♀♀, 30.V.2013; Oued Tkaraâ, 1♂, 30.V.2013; Daya near Aïn Afersiw, 1♂, 11.VI.2013; Daya Mezine, 1♂, 11.VI.2013; Daya Tazia, 1♂, 25.IV.2014; Daya Rmali, 1♂, 17.V.2014 (sweep net). Daya Amsemlil, 1♂, 4♀♀, 9.VII.2013; Daya near Aïn Afersiw, 4♂♂, 1♀, 2.VII.2013 (reared).

Distribution

Only known from Portugal and Spain. First records from Morocco and North Africa.

Symplecta (Symplecta) hybrida (Meigen, 1804)

Material examined

Barrage Ajras, 1♂, 10.II.2013; Barrage Allal El Fassi, 1♂, 15.IV.2014; Oued El Kanar, 1♀, 14.VI.2013, 1♂, 25.IV.2015; Oued Aârkoub, 1♂, 16.III.2014; Oued Jnane Niche, 1♀, 25.IV.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Nearctic (Canada, USA, Greenland); widespread in Palaearctic, including North Africa, Central Asia, Mongolia, as far east as North Korea and Japan; Oriental (India, Nepal, Pakistan). First records from the Rif and the Middle Atlas.

Symplecta (Trimicra) pilipes (Fabricius, 1787)

Material examined

Tributary of Oued Hachef, 2♂♂, 2♀♀, 14.II.2013; Oued Aârkoub, 1♂, 19.IV.2013; Oued El Kanar, 2♂♂, 2♀♀, 14.VI.2013; Oued Mezine, 1♂, 18.IV.2015 (sweep net); Aïn Chouk, 1♂, 3.II.2015 (reared).

Distribution

The only cosmopolitan cranefly, widespread in all zoogeographical regions. First records from the Rif.

Tasiocera (Dasymolophilus) murina (Meigen, 1818)

Material examined

Oued Farda, 1♂, 28.III.2013; Oued Amsemlil (Site 3), 4♂♂, 30.V.2013 (sweep net).

Distribution

Europe, Transcaucasia, Turkey. First records from Morocco and North Africa.

Limoniidae: Limnophilinae

Austrolimnophila (Austrolimnophila) latistyla Stary, 1977

Material examined

Oued Majjou (Hafa meqlouba), 1♂, 27.VI.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Croatia, France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Spain. First record from Morocco and North Africa.

Dicranophragma (Brachylimnophila) nemorale (Meigen, 1818)

Material examined

Aïn Sidi Brahim Ben Arrif (Site 1), 1♂, 25.IV.2014; Tributary Oued Ouara, 2♀♀, 27.IV.2013; Oued Majjou (Hafa meqlouba), 1♂, 10.V.2014 (sweep net).

Distribution

Widespread in the Palaearctic. First records from the Rif.

Euphylidorea crocotula (Seguy, 1941)

Material examined

Aïn Bab Tariouente, 3♂♂, 28.IV.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Spain (Granada), Morocco (High Atlas). First record from the Rif.

Euphylidorea (Euphylidorea) dispar (Meigen, 1818)

Material examined

Oued at 15 Km from Fifi, 1♀, 26.III.2014 (sweep net).

Distribution

Widespread in Europe, recorded from Russia. First records from Morocco and North Africa.

Hexatoma (Hexatoma) bicolor (Meigen, 1818)

Material examined

Oued at 15 Km from Fifi, 1♂, 27.IV.2013, 1♀, 26.III.2014, 3♂♂, 6.V.2014; Tributary of Oued Ouara, 1♀, 27.IV.2013; Oued Madissouka, 1♂, 18.V.2014; Oued Majjou (Hafa meqlouba), 1♀, 10.V.2014; Aïn Quanquben, 1♂, 28.IV.2015; Oued Tkaraâ, 2♂♂, 7.V.2015; Oued Tamerte, 1♂, 1♀, 7.V.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Europe, Georgia, Turkey. First records from Morocco and North Africa.

Pseudolimnophila (Pseudolimnophila) sepium (Verrall, 1886)

Material examined

Daya Tazia, 11♂♂, 8♀♀, 23.IV.2012; Aïn Sidi Brahim Ben Arrif (2), 2♂♂, 2♀♀, 17.IV.2013; Aïn Afersiw, 1♀, 11.VI.2013; Oued Majjou (Hafa meqlouba), 1♂, 10.V.2014 (sweep net). Daya Tazia, 1♂, 2♀♀, 14.V.2013; Oued Taïda, 1♂, 12.V.2014; Aïn Sidi Brahim Ben Arrif (Site 2), 2♂♂, 1♀, 26.V.2014 (reared).

Distribution

Europe, Morocco (Rif), Transcaucasia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan.

Limoniidae: Limoniinae

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) affinis (Schummel, 1829)

Material examined

Oued Amsemlil (Site 1), 1♂, 27.IV.2012; Daya Mtahen, 10♂♂, 1♀, 27.IV.2012; Oued Tkaraâ, 1♂, 27.IV.2012; Marj El Kheyl, 2♀♀, 30.V.2013; Aïn Sidi Brahim Ben Arrif (Site 2), 5♂♂, 1♀, 17.IV.2013, 3♂♂, 1♀, 25.IV.2014; Aïn Sidi Brahim Ben Arrif (Site 1), 10♂♂, 5♀♀, 25.IV.2014; Daya Tazia, 14♂♂, 4♀♀, 25.IV.2014; Aïn El Maounzil, 6♂♂, 4♀♀, 21.IV.2015; Aïn El Malâab, 1♂, 1♀, 21.IV.2015; Daya near Aïn Afersiw, 5♂♂, 3♀♀, 18.IV.2015; Daya Mtahen, 4♀♀, 7.V.2015; Aïn Bab Tariouente, 4♂♂, 28.IV.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Great Britain, Ireland, Poland, Morocco (High Atlas).

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) chorea (Meigen, 1818)

Material examined

Oued Sidi Fares, 1♂, 7.V.2011; Oued Farda, 2♂♂, 2♀♀, 13.II.2013, 7♂♂, 4♀♀, 23.IV.2013; Oued Kelâa, 3♂♂, 13.II.2013; Aïn Ras El Ma, 1♂, 3.V.2013; Oued Jnane Niche, 2♂♂, 2♀♀, 25.IV.2015; Cascade Chrafate, 1♂, 2♀♀, 28.IV.2015; Maison forestière, 2♀♀, 21.IV.2015; Oued El Kanar, 1♂, 25.IV.2015 (sweep net). Tributary of Oued Zarka, 4♂♂, 1♀, 9.XII.2013 (reared).

Distribution

Nearctic (Canada), Europe, Morocco, Transcaucasia, Turkey, Cyprus, Israel, Iran. First records from the Rif.

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) goritiensis (Mik, 1864)

Material examined

Oued Majjou (Hafa meqlouba), 1♂, 3.V.2013, 2♂♂, 10.V.2014; Cascade Chrafate, 1 ♀, 24.V.2013; Oued El Koub, 1♂, 31.V.2013; Cascade Zarka, 1♂, 14.XI.2013; Âounsar Aheramen, 1♂, 2♀♀, 10.V.2014, 2♂, 27.IV.2015; Maison forestière, 1♂, 21.IV.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Europe, Morocco, Algeria, Georgia, Turkey, Israel. First records from the Rif.

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) longicollis (Macquart, 1846)

Material examined

Oued Aârate, 4♂♂, 3♀♀, 26.III.2014; Barrage Moulay Bouchta, 2♂♂, 5.IV.2014; Barrage Allal El Fassi, 1♂, 15.IV.2014; Oued El Kebir, 1♀, 23.IV.2014 (sweep net).

Distribution

Portugal, Spain, Morocco, Algeria. First records from the Rif and the Middle Atlas.

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) modesta (Meigen, 1818)

Material examined

Oued Farda, 1♂, 24.IV.2013; Oued El Kanar, 4♂♂, 3♀♀, 14.VI.2013, 5♂♂, 10♀♀, 25.IV.2015; Oued Jnane Niche, 2♂♂, 16.III.2014; Oued Sidi Yahya Aârab, 4♂♂, 1♀, 25.IV.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Nearctic (Canada, USA, Greenland), widespread over Palaearctic, including Central Asia and Mongolia, as far east as Far East of Russia and Japan. First records from Morocco and North Africa.

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) novemmaculata (Strobl, 1906)

Material examined

Tributary of Oued el Fondak, 1♂, 10.II.2013; Oued Aârate, 9♂♂, 4♀♀, 26.III.2014 (sweep net).

Distribution

Gibraltar, Portugal, Spain, Algeria. First records from Morocco.

Dicranomyia (Melanolimonia) hamata Becker, 1908

Material examined

Tributary of Oued El Kebir, 2♂♂, 1♀, 18.III.2011; Oued Aârate, 2♂♂, 26.III.2014; Aïn Sidi Brahim Ben Arrif (Site 1), 2♂♂, 1♀ 25.IV.2014; Daya Tazia, 1♂, 25.IV.2014 (sweep net).

Distribution

France, Portugal, Spain, Turkey. First records from Morocco and North Africa.

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) ventralis (Schummel, 1829)

Material examined

Lake Badriouen, 2♂♂, 26.IV.2011 (sweep net).

Distribution

Europe, Egypt, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Israel, Iran, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan, North Korea, India. First records from Morocco and North Africa.

Dicranomyia (Melanolimonia) morio (Fabricius, 1787)

Material examined

Seguia Mtahen, 1♂, 30.V.2013; Daya near Aïn Afersiw, 2♀♀, 11.VI.2013; Daya Jbel Zemzem, 1♂, 23.IV.2014 (sweep net).

Distribution

Europe, Morocco, Transcaucasia, Turkey, Iran, Mongolia. First records from the Rif.

Dicranoptycha fuscescens (Schummel, 1829)

Material examined

Oued Mlilah, 3♀♀, 31.V.2013; Oued Loukous, 4♂♂, 1♀, 6.V.2015; Oued Zendoula, 1♀, 6.V.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Europe, Morocco, Algeria, Transcaucasia, Turkey, Cyprus, Lebanon, Israel, ?Kazakhstan, Mongolia.

Helius (Helius) hispanicus Lackschewitz, 1928

Material examined

Oued Amsemlil (Site 3), 1♀, 30.V.2013 (sweep net).

Distribution

Great Britain, Spain, Portugal, Morocco (High Atlas), Georgia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Cyprus, Iran. First record from the Rif.

Helius (Helius) pallirostris Edwards, 1921

Material examined

Aïn Chouk, 1♂, 1♀, 25.II.2015 (reared).

Distribution

Europe, Tunisia, Azerbaijan, Israel, Iran, Central Asia. First record from Morocco.

Limonia nubeculosa (Meigen, 1804)

Material examined

Tributary of Oued El Fondak, 1♀, 10.II.2013; Aïn Ras El Ma, 1♀, 3.V.2013; Aïn Boughaba, 3♂♂, 4♀♀, 24.V.2013; Oued Azila, 1♀, 27.VI.2013; Âounsar Aheramen, 2♂♂, 1♀, 10.V.2014; Aïn Takhninjoute, 1♂, 17.V.2014; Maison forestière, 1♂, 4♀♀, 17.V.2014; Oued Madissouka, 1 ♂, 18.V.2014; Aïn Quanquben, 1♀, 28.IV.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Nearctic (Canada, USA), widespread over Palaearctic, including North Africa, Central Asia, and Mongolia, as far east as Far East of Russia, North Korea, and Japan. Recorded from Morocco in the High Atlas. First records from the Rif.

Limonia phragmitidis (Schrank, 1781)

Material examined

Aïn Quanquben, 1 ♂, 27.VI.2013 (sweep net).

Distribution

Widespread in the West Palaearctic, also known from Russia, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. Recorded from Morocco (Middle Atlas). First record from the Rif.

Pediciidae

Dicranota (Paradicranota) landrocki Czizek, 1931

Material examined

Oued Ouara, 2♂♂, 22.XI.2013; Assif Haouz, 1♂, 17.IV.2014; Oued Taïda, 1♀, 25.IV.2014; Aïn Sidi Brahim Ben Arrif (Site 2), 2♂♂, 25.IV.2014; Âounsar Aheramen, 1♂, 10.V.2014, 1♂, 27.IV.2015; Oued Tizekhte, 1♂, 28.II.2015; Oued Mezine, 1♂, 18.IV.2015; Maison forestière, 32♂♂, 2♀♀, 21.IV.2015; Aïn Bab Tariouente, 1♂, 28.IV.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Europe, Russia (North Caucasus), Morocco (Rif), Transcaucasia Lebanon, Tajikistan. First record from the High Atlas.

Dicranota (Ludicia) claripennis (Verrall, 1888)

Material examined

Oued Amsemlil (Site 1), 1♂, 16.XII.2013; Maison forestière, 1♂, 21.IV.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Great Britain, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Spain. First records from Morocco and North Africa.

Tricyphona (Tricyphona) immaculata (Meigen, 1804)

Material examined

Maison forestière, 1♂, 21.IV.2015; Daya Mtahen, 1♂, 7.V.2015 (sweep net).

Distribution

Europe, Transcaucasia, Turkey, Lebanon, West Siberia, Central Asia. First records from Morocco and North Africa.

Discussion

Altogether a number of 570 specimens, most of which (521) belongs to the Limoniidae distributed in 20 genera, whereas only 49 specimens belong to the Pediciidae distributed in 2 genera.

This study provides an important contribution to the short-palped crane flies fauna of North Africa and Morocco, particularly to the Rif region where 35 species were recorded from the the first time. The most abundant species was Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) affinis, with 86 specimens, followed successively by, Erioptera (Erioptera) fuscipennis (56), Dicranota (Paradicranota) landrocki (45), Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) chorea (35), Pseudolimnophila (Pseudolimnophila) sepium (32), Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) modesta (30) and Molophilus (Molophilus) testaceus (29). The most frequently collected species were Erioptera (Erioptera) fuscipennis (12 sites), Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) affinis (11 sites), Molophilus (Molophilus) obscurus (10 sites), followed by Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) chorea, Limonia nubeculosa and Dicranota (Paradicranota) landrocki, all three collected in 9 sites.

18 species of Limoniidae and 2 species of Pediciidae are newly recorded from Morocco, of which 15 species are provided to be new to North Africa. Those new records extend the distribution of the species to most southern localities of the western Palearctics in Africa. Idiocera (Idiocera) ampullifera represents the most southern record (Sahara) of the Limoniidae in Morocco.

Including our results, the total number of species of Limoniidae and Pediciidae known from Morocco now increases from 53 species to 73 (see chekclist).

These new data of crane flies fauna reflect the variety of suitable habitats prospected, such as are springs, mountain rivers and streams, and stagnant water mainly belonging to forest areas. This suggests that many more species and subspecies can yet be found in Morocco, that enjoys a wide variety of geographical and climatic properties.

Check-list of the Moroccan short-palped crane flies

Limoniidae

Chioneinae

Baeoura ebenina Starý, 1981

Baeoura staryi Driauach & Belqat, 2015

Cheilotrichia (Empeda) cinerascens (Meigen, 1804)

Cheilotrichia (Empeda) fuscohalterata (Strobl, 1906)*

Cheilotrichia (Empeda) minima (Strobl, 1898)*

Ellipteroides (Ellipteroides) lateralis (Macquart, 1835)

Ellipteroides (Protogonomyia) alboscutellatus (Von Roser, 1840)

Ellipteroides (Protogonomyia) hutsoni (Stary, 1971)

Erioconopa diuturna (Walker, 1848)

Erioconopa symplectoides (Kuntze, 1914)

Erioptera (Erioptera) fuscipennis Meigen, 1818

Erioptera (Erioptera) lutea lutea Meigen, 1804*

Erioptera (Erioptera) transmarina Bergroth, 1889

Gonomyia (Gonomyia) abscondita Lackschewitz, 1935*

Gonomyia (Gonomyia) subtenella Savchenko, 1972

Gonomyia (Gonomyia) sicula Lackschewitz, 1940*

Gonomyia (Gonomyia) tenella (Meigen, 1818)

Hoplolabis (Parilisia) obtusiapex (Savchenko, 1982)

Hoplolabis (Parilisia) punctigera (Lackschewitz, 1940)

Hoplolabis (Parilisia) sororcula (Lackschewitz, 1940)

Idiocera (Euptilostena) jucunda (Loew, 1873)

Idiocera (Idiocera) ampullifera (Stary, 1979)*

Idiocera (Idiocera) pulchripennis (Loew, 1856)

Idiocera (Idiocera) sziladyi (Lackschewitz, 1940)*

Ilisia maculata (Meigen, 1804)*

Molophilus (Molophilus) ibericus Stary, 2011

Molophilus (Molophilus) obscurus (Meigen, 1818)

Molophilus (Molophilus) propinquus propinquus (Egger, 1863)

Molophilus (Molophilus) testaceus Lackschewitz, 1940*

Symplecta (Symplecta) hybrida (Meigen, 1804)

Symplecta (Trimicra) pilipes (Fabricius, 1787)

Tasiocera (Dasymolophilus) murina (Meigen, 1818)*

Dactylolabinae

Dactylolabis (Dactylolabis) symplectoidea Egger, 1863

Limnophilinae

Austrolimnophila (Austrolimnophila) latistyla Stary, 1977*

Dicranophragma (Brachylimnophila) adjunctum (Walker, 1848)

Dicranophragma (Brachylimnophila) nemorale (Meigen, 1818)

Eloeophila maroccana Stary, 2009

Euphylidorea (Euphylidorea) crocotula (Seguy, 1941)

Euphylidorea (Euphylidorea) dispar (Meigen, 1818)*

Euphylidorea (Euphylidorea) lineola (Meigen, 1804)

Hexatoma (Hexatoma) bicolor (Meigen, 1818)*

Hexatoma (Hexatoma) gaedii (Meigen, 1830)

Pseudolimnophila (Pseudolimnophila) sepium (Verrall, 1886)

Limoniinae

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) affinis (Schummel, 1829)

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) chorea (Meigen, 1818)

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) didyma (Meigen, 1804)

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) goritiensis (Mik, 1864)

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) longicollis (Macquart, 1846)

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) lutea Meigen

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) mitis (Meigen, 1830)

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) modesta (Meigen, 1818)*

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) novemmaculata (Strobl, 1906)*

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) ventralis (Schummel, 1829)*

Dicranomyia (Glochina) sericata (Meigen, 1830)

Dicranomyia (Melanolimonia) hamata Becker, 1908*

Dicranomyia (Melanolimonia) morio (Fabricius, 1787)

Dicranomyia majuscula Pierre, 1924

Dicranoptycha fuscescens (Schummel, 1829)

Geranomyia caloptera (Mik, 1867)

Geranomyia obscura Strobl, 1900

Helius (Helius) hispanicus Lackschewitz, 1928

Helius (Helius) pallirostris Edwards, 1921*

Limonia flavipes (Fabricius, 1787)

Limonia hercegovinae (Strobl, 1898)

Limonia macrostigma (Schummel, 1829)

Limonia nubeculosa Meigen, 1804

Limonia phragmitidis (Schrank, 1781)

Pediciidae

Pediciinae

Dicranota (Dicranota) bimaculata (Schummel, 1829)

Dicranota (Dicranota) irregularis Pierre, 1922

Dicranota (Paradicranota) candelisequa Stary, 1981

Dicranota (Paradicranota) landrocki Czizek, 1931

Dicranota (Ludicia) claripennis (Verrall, 1888)*

Tricyphona (Tricyphona) immaculata (Meigen, 1804)

Acknowledgements

The authors sincerely thank Dr. Jaroslav Starý (Olomouc, Czech Republic) for his valuable help concerning the identification of some species.

References

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