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An updated checklist of the wild silkmoths (Lepidoptera, Saturniidae) of Colombia
expand article infoLorenzo Comoglio, Ronald Brechlin§
‡ Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia
§ Unaffiliated, Pasewalk, Germany
Open Access

Abstract

In recent years, the study of wild silkmoths (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) has increased exponentially due to the intense sampling effort and the use of molecular evidence for species delimitation, which led to the description of numerous new taxa especially from the Neotropic. Given these rapid advances, the checklist of the Colombian Saturniidae needs to be updated to cover the taxonomy, distribution, and diversity of these moths in the country. After an extensive review of literature, data repositories, and collections, an updated and comprehensive list of Saturniidae from Colombia is presented, including their occurrence status in each Colombian department. The checklist includes 7 subfamilies, 55 genera, and 790 taxa (766 in species rank) of Saturniidae in Colombia. Current distribution data show that the genus Winbrechlinia, the subgenus Darylesia, 379 species, and 18 subspecies are endemic to Colombia. Moreover, a dichotomic key to the Colombian subfamilies is provided. A few taxonomic changes are proposed based on a thorough taxonomic revision of the Colombian taxa. This revision also addresses the issue of outdated species names reported in the first checklist of Colombian Saturniidae (Amarillo-Suárez 2000) and excludes old records of taxa that are considered dubious for Colombia based on new evidence. By presenting an updated list of Colombian species, including the newly described taxa, this study aims at eliminating confusion stemming from outdated names and provides a useful resource for researching and conservating Saturniidae in Colombia. We wish to offer a common reference for future studies on the biodiversity and biogeography of moths in the Neotropical realm.

Key words

Bombycoidea, distribution, endemism, Neotropic, South America

Introduction

“This great diversity of entirely American groups in the Saturniidae […] suggests that the group as a whole arose in the Western Hemisphere and no doubt in the American tropics.”

(Michener 1952: 371)

The Saturniidae, known as wild silkmoths, represent the largest family within the Bombycoidea superfamily and are found almost worldwide (Kitching et al. 2018). However, they are most diverse in the Neotropic region, where they originated (Regier et al. 2008; Rougerie et al. 2022). A global list of valid names for Saturniidae includes 3,454 species in 180 genera (Kitching et al. 2018), of which nearly 2,400 species are estimated to occur in the Neotropic (Decaëns et al. 2021). In the Neotropic, the Saturniidae family is divided into seven subfamilies: Arsenurinae, Ceratocampinae, Cercophaninae, Hemileucinae, Hirpidinae, Oxyteninae, and Saturniinae, the latter being the only cosmopolitan, while the others are exclusively from the New World (Lemaire and Minet 1998; Rougerie et al. 2022). Lemaire revised four subfamilies in America: Saturniinae (Lemaire 1978b), Arsenurinae (Lemaire 1980), Ceratocampinae (Lemaire 1988b), and Hemileucinae (Lemaire 2002). Before publishing his latest three-volume monograph (Lemaire 2002), he compiled a preliminary list of 921 species for the Neotropic (Lemaire 1996). Amarillo-Suárez (2000) reported a total of 183 species in the first checklist of the Colombian Saturniidae, underestimating the diversity of the Hemileucinae, which was later revised by Lemaire (2002). However, both Lemaire (1996) and Amarillo-Suárez (2000) excluded the subfamilies Cercophaninae and Oxyteninae from their checklists. These most basal subfamilies were described as families by Jordan (1924) and then assigned to Saturniidae based on morphological characters (Minet 1994), later confirmed by phylogenetic evidence (Regier et al. 2008). Furthermore, the diversity of Cercophaninae and Oxyteninae has increased enormously due to recent species descriptions (Brechlin and Meister 2014b; Brechlin et al. 2014; Brechlin 2020e, 2021j, 2021o, 2021e, 2023i).

Despite the growing interest and popularity of the Saturniidae (Janzen 1984; Howse and Wolfe 2011; Meister 2011; Basset et al. 2017; Rubin et al. 2018), the literature dealing with the distribution of Colombian Saturniidae is limited. A few ecological studies included lists for specific Colombian localities: Río Ñambí Natural Reserve, Barbacoas, Nariño (Amarillo-Suárez 1997a); San José del Palmar, Chocó (Decaëns et al. 2003b); Tambito Reserve, El Tambo, Cauca (Muñoz and Amarillo-Suárez 2010); Gorgona Island National Park, Guapí, Cauca (Calero-Mejía et al. 2014); and Utría National Park, Chocó (Prada-Lara et al. 2019) in the Chocó biogeographic region; Albania, Caquetá, in the Orinoquía region (Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005); and Arcabuco and Quipama, Boyacá, in the Andean region (Decaëns et al. 2007). However, these local checklists have lost their validity due to recent taxonomic advances.

In the last decade, approximately 1,500 new species and subspecies of Saturniidae have been described globally (Kitching et al. 2018). This enormous number is mainly due to DNA studies (Hebert et al. 2003; Padial et al. 2010). Despite being controversially discussed (Will and Rubinoff 2004; Will et al. 2005; Peigler 2013), DNA barcoding is now widely recognized as a tool for revealing cryptic Lepidoptera species (Decaëns and Rougerie 2008; Vaglia et al. 2008; Gibbs 2009; Hausmann et al. 2009; Decaëns et al. 2021; Moraes et al. 2021). Today, integrative taxonomy combines morphological features, geographic distribution, COI barcode studies (Silva-Brandão et al. 2009 provide an extensive review on the subject), and nuclear markers to increase resolution (Rougerie et al. 2012). Unsurprisingly, many of the newly described Saturniidae are distributed in Colombia due to the variety of ecosystems (van der Hammen and Rangel 1997), biodiversity hotspots (Myers et al. 2000), and the recent sampling boosting, especially at high elevations, in previously inaccessible localities, given the limitations due to the control of the territory by various armed groups (Brechlin 2016f; Murillo-Sandoval et al. 2020). Since 2008, many descriptions of neotropical Saturniidae have been published in the Entomo-Satsphingia journal, including two major revisions of the genera Hylesia Hübner, 1820 (Brechlin et al. 2016a) and Janiodes Jordan, 1924 (Brechlin 2020e). The most striking result was the description of the genus Winbrechlinia Brechlin, 2016, endemic to the cloud forests and páramos of the Sierra Nevada of Santa Marta in northern Colombia (Brechlin 2016f, 2018m, 2020d).

The geographical complexity of Colombia makes its fauna extraordinarily diverse and highly endemic (Bernal and Lynch 2008; Avendaño et al. 2021; Bota-Sierra et al. 2021; Pérez-Escobar et al. 2022). The topography is characterized by three main parallel Andean mountain ranges, known as Cordilleras, located within the “Tropical Andes” biodiversity hotspot (Myers et al. 2000). The Andean region is bordered to the east by the Orinoquía and Amazon regions and to the west by the Chocó biogeographic region, another biodiversity hotspot (Myers et al. 2000). The three Andean mountain ranges are separated by the two large, major streams of Colombia, the Cauca River, which flows northward between the Western and Central Cordilleras, and the Magdalena River, which divides the Central and Eastern Cordilleras. After emerging from the Colombian Massif, these two rivers join and descend to the Caribbean Sea. On the Caribbean’s margin there is the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, whose highest elevations are the tallest peaks (5775 m) in Colombia. This more recently formed area (Gómez et al. 2021) is also an essential hotspot of biodiversity that hosts many endemic species (Myers et al. 2000; Brechlin 2016f). The geological history of Colombia has allowed the discontinuous isolation of species, favoring allopatric speciation (Vargas et al. 2023) through the increase in the availability of new niches (Purser 2015; Hazzi et al. 2018). Notably, páramos have been described as “islands” with flickering connectivity (Flantua et al. 2019) and the fastest diversification rate (Madriñán et al. 2013). For these geographical reasons, Colombia probably has one of the most diverse and endemic Saturniidae faunas in tropical America (Lemaire and Venedictoff 1989; Decaëns and Rougerie 2008; Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021).

In light of the advances made in the last two decades, the first checklist of the Colombian Saturniidae (Amarillo-Suárez 2000) is outdated. No systematic work has been carried out to date to review the taxonomy and distribution of the Colombian Saturniidae taxa, considering the contributions of checklists for some specific Colombian localities and including the vast cryptic diversity revealed by the use of DNA barcoding and the recent tremendous sampling effort. At the subfamilies level, the diversity of Cercophaninae and Oxyteninae has previously been underestimated since the contribution of these subfamilies is reviewed here for the first time, taking as a starting point the preliminary checklist by Comoglio and Brechlin (2021). Likewise, considering the separation of Hirpidinae from Hemileucinae (Rougerie et al. 2022), updating the taxonomic key for subfamilies is necessary.

This work aims to present an updated checklist of the known Saturniidae from Colombia, considering the many new descriptions and revalidation of taxa, and to clarify the taxonomic confusion that these taxonomic advances may have produced. An updated dichotomous key was also elaborated for the subfamilies distributed in the country. Furthermore, a few taxonomic changes are proposed and discussed, following the criteria of delimitation of species currently used in the literature (Brechlin and Meister 2011a, 2011c; Brechlin et al. 2016a; Bénéluz 2021; Brechlin 2022i). Based on an extensive review of literature, data repositories, and collections, this checklist is the first one for Colombia (published on 6 August 2021 as a preprint) which also includes the subfamilies Cercophaninae and Oxyteninae, and that extensively covers the Hemileucinae. Species and subspecies considered endemic for the country are highlighted here, thanks to an extensive review of the distribution data of all the Neotropical taxa considered in this study. Taxa excluded from our Colombian checklist are discussed in detail, comparing the present knowledge with the old records found in the literature. In addition, taxa with potential distribution in Colombia, but whose presence has not been confirmed yet, are discussed on the basis of their current distribution data. After the preprint of this study (Comoglio and Brechlin 2021) was made available, another checklist of the Colombian Saturniidae was published by Jiménez-Bolívar et al. (2021), whose results are thoroughly reviewed here.

Materials and methods

This checklist is mainly the product of recent sampling efforts, which have led to the description of many Saturniidae taxa for Colombia, and a literature review of articles, species descriptions, taxonomic revisions, and records available on BOLD (Hebert and Ratnasingham 2007) until 15 June 2023. In addition, both authors contributed with data from the collections they are currently curating to add new records which have not been previously published elsewhere. The first author examined specimens in the Entomological Collection of the “C.J. Marinkelle” Natural History Museum, Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia (ANDES-E). The second author conducted a comprehensive review of his Research Collection, Pasewalk, Germany (CRBP), which includes type material of more than 530 Colombian taxa and is extensively barcoded (“BC-RBP” in BOLD). The specimens deposited in the main national collections, such as the Institute of Natural Sciences, National University of Colombia, Bogotá (ICN-MHN); the “Francisco Luis Gallego” Entomological Museum, National University of Colombia, Medellín (MEFLG); the Javeriano Museum of Natural History “Lorenzo Uribe, S.J.”, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá (MPUJ), and the National Taxonomic Collection of Insects “Luis María Murillo”, Mosquera (CTNI), were examined by Amarillo-Suárez (2000), Clavijo-Giraldo and Uribe (2019), and Jiménez-Bolívar et al. (2021). However, some of these collection records are provided ignoring the current nomenclature that is extensively reviewed and discussed in this paper. Some interesting records are found in the entomological collection of the Alexander von Humboldt Institute, Villa de Leyva, Colombia (IAvH-E), and have DNA barcodes in BOLD for some additional taxa. Barcodes are essential for the verifiable identification of specimens, especially those belonging to species complexes (Decaëns and Rougerie 2008; Decaëns et al. 2021). The implications of using raw data available in repositories without curation or expert identification, such as some records shown in Jiménez-Bolívar et al. (2021), have been debatable (Zizka et al. 2020) and are also discussed in this work, which is also a tool to improve the identification of Colombian Saturniidae taxa.

The dichotomous key to subfamilies covers only Colombian species (e.g., Janiodes species for the Cercophaninae). It is based on morphological studies of adults achieved by Michener (1952) and Lemaire and Minet (1998), with the addition of the analysis of the adult morphology of the Arsenurinae (de Camargo et al. 2009), Ceratocampinae (Balcázar-Lara and Wolfe 1997), Cercophaninae (Jordan 1924; Minet 1994), Hemileucinae (Lemaire 2002), and Hirpidinae (Rougerie et al. 2022). The morphological characters used in the literature were systematized and corroborated by direct examination of the specimens in the reviewed collections. Finally, an updated dichotomous key for Colombia was created, modifying the last global subfamily key presented by Lemaire and Minet (1998) and including the recently described subfamily Hirpidinae (Rougerie et al. 2022).

The taxa’s higher classification, names, and authority follow the Bombycoidea global checklist (Kitching et al. 2018) with some additions due to the most recent descriptions and revalidation of old taxa names found in the literature, and especially the recent phylogenomic analysis by Rougerie et al. (2022). The main list is shown alphabetically, ordered by subfamilies, tribes, subtribes, genera, subgenera, species, and subspecies. The occurrence in each Colombian department is provided for each species and subspecies. The Colombian departments are abbreviated as follows: Amazonas (Am), Antioquia (An), Arauca (Ar), Boyacá (By), Caldas (Cl), Caquetá (Ca), Casanare (Cn), Cauca (Cc), Cesar (Ce), Cundinamarca (Cu), Chocó (Ch), Guainía (Gn), Guaviare (Gv), Huila (Hu), La Guajira (Gj), Magdalena (Ma), Meta (Me), Nariño (Na), Norte de Santander (NS), Quindío (Qu), Putumayo (Pu), Risaralda (Ri), Santander (St), Tolima (To), Vaupés (Va), Valle del Cauca (Vl), and Vichada (Vi). Endemic species and subspecies are highlighted. Taxa previously reported in Colombia that were excluded from the list are discussed separately. According to their current distribution data, a list of taxa with potential occurrence in Colombia is also presented.

Results

A total of 843 specimens in ANDES-E and more than 15,000 specimens in CRBP were examined, and 2,854 barcodes of Colombian Saturniidae specimens were retrieved from BOLD. To show the updated checklist, it is necessary to propose some taxonomic changes that are summarized here and then discussed, compared with previous studies, and interpreted in light of the criteria currently used to delimit species. An identification key for the 7 Saturniidae subfamilies distributed in Colombia is also presented as a result of this review. An updated national list for the family is then presented, including the distribution of the taxa in the Colombian departments, highlighting the endemic species, and reporting the current evidence as a barcode and related bibliographic references. The taxa excluded from this updated list are discussed below, comparing our results with the old records found in the literature. In addition, species with a possible distribution in Colombia, whose presence has not yet been confirmed, are discussed based on their current distribution data.

During the taxonomic review carried out in this study, we found taxa whose delimitation criteria between species have lost their validity and taxa that need to be revalidated conservatively, according to current knowledge. The proposed taxonomic changes are reflected in the checklist, and their validity and interpretation are discussed in detail below. The proposed taxonomic changes are summarized here. The following taxa, hitherto treated as subspecies, are raised to species status: Arsenura lemairei L. Racheli & T. Racheli, 1998, stat. nov. from A. thomsoni Schaus, 1906, Copiopteryx banghaasi Draudt, 1930, stat. nov. from C. semiramis (Cramer, 1775), and Rhescyntis norax Druce, 1897, stat. nov. from R. hippodamia Druce, 1897. A new combination is proposed in this context: Copiopteryx banghaasi andensis (Lemaire, 1974), comb. nov. In addition, Bathyphlebia aglia gschwandneri Schawerda, 1925, stat. nov. is removed from its synonymy with B. a. aglia C. Felder & R. Felder, 1874 and here treated as a subspecies of the latter. Grammopelta cervina Rothschild, 1907, stat. rev. and Copaxa ignescens Lemaire, 1978, stat. rev. are reinstated and removed from their current synonymies with G. lineata (Schaus, 1906) and C. niepelti Draudt, 1929, respectively. Furthermore, Rothschildia equatorialis bogotana Rothschild, 1907, stat. rev., comb. nov. is reinstated as a subspecies, but now of equatorialis Rothschild, 1907 instead of orizaba (Westwood, 1853). A new synonymy is proposed: Rhescyntis hippodamia colombiana (Bouvier, 1927), syn. nov. is now treated as a subjective junior synonym of R. norax Druce, 1897.

Key to subfamilies

A dichotomous key for the seven subfamilies of Saturniidae found in Colombia is presented below, excluding the genera of these subfamilies not found until now in Colombia. The mentioned characters account only for the external morphology. Therefore, identification at the subfamily level is generally immediate.

1 Male with antennal flagellum dorsally scaled to the apex and lateroventral orientation of the rami; bipectinate antennae in both sexes; proboscis present (Fig. 1A) Oxyteninae Jordan, 1924
Male with antennal flagellum unscaled, at least for most of its length; lateral or laterodorsal orientation of the rami 2
2 Hindwing with strongly indicated crossvein (R) between Sc and upper edge of the discal cell; ventrally spined tarsi; forewings with at least one dark discocellular spot; small to medium size 3
Hindwing with crossvein nearly always absent or faintly indicated; hindwings with tails, hyaline discal spots, or eyespots; proboscis always absent 4
3 Yellow proboscis, strong and coiled up; bipectinate antennae in males, simple in females; males with a large foretibial epiphysis, whose median area looks internally notched; butterfly-like body shape and pierid-like wing shape (Fig. 1B) Cercophaninae Jordan, 1924
Proboscis absent; orange quadripectinate antennae in males, simple in females; frons slightly convex at sides; orange-brown coloration Hirpidinae Rougerie, 2022
4 Presence of solid bristles on pilifers or the clypeal margin between pilifers; hindwings usually with tails, longer in males; dull brown coloration; medium to large size (Fig. 1C) Arsenurinae Jordan, 1922
Pilifers and clypeal margin without bristles 5
5 Frons convex at sides so that lateral sutures are hidden in an anterior view and antennal cones (short ventral protuberances on flagellomeres) simple; distal section of antenna devoid of rami; general body shape sphingid-like (Fig. 1D) Ceratocampinae Harris, 1841
Frons flat at sides or, if convex, antennal cones multiple 6
6 Antennae, when quadripectinate, with bases of rami invariably well separated; thorax with the anterior area of mesoscutum lacking middorsal projection; in the forewing, when the discal cell is closed, the base of M1 arising closer to M2 than Rs or about midway between M2 and Rs; segments of labial palpi not fused; hyaline discal spots on both forewings and hindwings (Fig. 1E) Saturniinae Boisduval, 1837
Antennae, when quadripectinate, with apical ramus of a segment usually adjacent to the basal ramus of next segment; if rami separate, mesoscutum with an anterior middorsal projection or forewing with the base of M1 distinctly closer to Rs than to M2 (or even stalked with Rs); antennal cones present and simple; labial palpi occasionally fused; hindwings usually with eyespots (Fig. 1F, G) Hemileucinae Grote & Robinson, 1866
Figure 1. 

Representative taxa of the diversity of the Colombian Saturniidae subfamilies A Therinia terminalis (Oxyteninae) B Janiodes lavcarchensis (Cercophaninae) C Copiopteryx jehovah (Arsenurinae) D Eacles niepelti (Ceratocampinae) E Copaxa sapatoza (Saturniinae) F Automeris alticarchensis (Hemileucinae) G Winbrechlinia sinjaevi (Hemileucinae).

Overview of the checklist

A total of 790 taxa (766 in species rank) into 55 genera of Saturniidae was recorded for Colombia (Tables 1, 2). The most diverse subfamily is Hemileucinae, with 467 species, which also contains the genus with the highest species richness, Automeris (86 species), while the least diverse subfamily is Hirpidinae, with eight species of the genus Hirpida (Table 1).

Table 1.

A summary of the number of Colombian Saturniidae genera per subfamily, tribe, and subtribe, and the number of species per genus, together with the number of endemic species.

Taxon Number of genera Number of species Number of endemic species
Family Saturniidae Boisduval, 1837 55 766 379
Subfamily Arsenurinae Jordan, 1922 8 35 1
Tribe Arsenurini Jordan, 1922 8 35 1
Genus Arsenura Duncan, 1841 15
Genus Caio Travassos & Noronha, 1968 1
Genus Copiopteryx Duncan, 1841 3
Genus Dysdaemonia Hübner, 1819 [1816] 3
Genus Grammopelta Rothschild, 1907 1
Genus Paradaemonia Bouvier, 1925 6 1
Genus Rhescyntis Hübner, 1819 [1816] 3
Genus Titaea Hübner, 1823 3
Subfamily Ceratocampinae Harris, 1841 15 90 28
Tribe Bathyphlebiini Travassos & Noronha, 1967 3 23 3
Genus Bathyphlebia C. Felder & R. Felder, 1874 2 1
Genus Eacles Hübner, 1819 [1816] 14
Genus Schausiella Bouvier, 1930 7 2
Tribe Citheroniini Harris, 1841 3 14 3
Genus Citheronia Hübner, 1819 [1816] 11 2
Genus Citheronioides Lemaire, 1988 2 1
Genus Procitheronia Michener, 1949 1
Tribe Dryocampini Grote & Robinson, 1866 9 53 22
Genus Adeloneivaia Travassos, 1940 13 4
Genus Adelowalkeria Travassos, 1941 5 1
Genus Cicia Oiticica Filho, 1964 1
Genus Citioica Travassos & Noronha, 1965 5 2
Genus Othorene Boisduval, 1872 4
Genus Psilopygida Michener, 1949 1
Subgenus Psigida Oiticica Filho, 1959 1
Genus Ptiloscola Michener, 1949 5 3
Genus Rachesa Michener, 1949 4 3
Genus Syssphinx Hübner, 1819 [1816] 15 9
Subfamily Cercophaninae Jordan, 1924 1 81 73
Tribe Janiodini Jordan, 1924 1 81 73
Genus Janiodes Jordan, 1924 81 73
Subfamily Hemileucinae Grote & Robinson, 1866 24 467 248
Tribe Hemileucini Grote & Robinson, 1866 22 425 229
Subtribe Automeriina Bouvier, 1928 12 269 120
Genus Automerina Michener, 1949 6 2
Genus Automeris Hübner, 1819 [1816] 86 31
Genus Catacantha Bouvier, 1930 2 1
Genus Erythromeris Lemaire, 1969 5 4
Genus Gamelia Hübner, 1819 [1816] 38 30
Genus Gamelioides Lemaire, 1988 8 7
Genus Hylesia Hübner, 1820 80 28
Subgenus Darylesia Brechlin, 2022 2 2
Subgenus Hylesia Hübner, 1820 77 26
Subgenus Micrattacus Walker, 1855 1
Genus Hylesiopsis Bouvier, 1929 1
Genus Hyperchiria Hübner, 1819 [1816] 7 2
Genus Leucanella Lemaire, 1969 17 10
Genus Molippa Walker, 1855 10 1
Genus Pseudautomeris Lemaire, 1967 9 4
Subtribe Hemileucina Grote & Robinson, 1866 10 156 109
Genus Cerodirphia Michener, 1949 20 15
Genus Dirphia Hübner, 1819 [1816] 31 16
Genus Dirphiella Michener, 1949 1
Genus Dirphiopsis Bouvier, 1928 5 2
Genus Meroleuca Packard, 1904 30 29
Subgenus Dihirpa Draudt, 1929 4 4
Subgenus Meroleuca Packard, 1904 3 3
Subgenus Meroleucoides Michener, 1949 23 22
Genus Paradirphia Michener, 1949 15 14
Genus Periphoba Hübner, 1820 8 3
Genus Pseudodirphia Bouvier, 1928 38 23
Genus Rhodirphia Michener, 1949 2 1
Genus Winbrechlinia Brechlin, 2016 6 6
Tribe Lonomiini Bouvier, 1930 2 42 19
Genus Lonomia Walker, 1855 16 3
Genus Periga Walker, 1855 26 16
Subfamily Hirpidinae Rougerie, 2022 1 8 5
Genus Hirpida Draudt, 1930 8 5
Subfamily Oxyteninae Jordan, 1924 3 29 1
Genus Homoeopteryx C. Felder & R. Felder, 1874 3 1
Genus Oxytenis Hübner, 1819 [1816] 18
Genus Therinia Hübner, 1823 8
Subfamily Saturniinae Boisduval, 1837 3 56 23
Tribe Attacini Blanchard, 1840 1 17 5
Genus Rothschildia Grote, 1896 17 5
Tribe Saturniini Boisduval, 1837 2 39 18
Genus Antheraea Hübner, 1819 [1816] 1
Genus Copaxa Walker, 1855 38 18

The genus Winbrechlinia, the subgenus Darylesia, 379 species (49.5%, almost half of the total), and 18 subspecies are endemic to Colombia (Table 1). More than half of the Hemileucinae (248 species, 53.1%) are endemic, but the Cercophaninae also stand out, with the genus Janiodes as the only representative in Colombia, which includes 73 endemic species (90.1%) of a total of 81 (Table 1). The genera Meroleuca (96.7% endemic rate), Paradirphia (93.3%), and Gamelioides (87.5%) present the highest rates of endemism. On the other hand, for both Arsenurinae and Oxyteninae, only one species of each is endemic to Colombia until now, making them the subfamilies with the lowest rates of endemism (2.9% and 3.4%, respectively).

Checklist

Table 2.

Main checklist of Colombian Saturniidae. Endemic (End.) species or subspecies are marked with a plus sign (+) or a section sign (§), respectively. Distribution data are given for each Colombian department. Occurrence records marked with a question mark (?) were found in the literature and considered doubtful since recent samplings could not confirm them. Those taxa with their type locality in Colombia are shown with their primary evidence labeled as “TL”. The additional evidence is mostly barcode numbers that refer to “Sample ID” in BOLD and are provided for most taxa, especially for type specimens and the most taxonomically cryptic species group. Many records refer to specimens found in ANDES-E and/or CRBP collections. References for old records that have been found in the literature are also provided.

Taxon End. Distribution Evidence References
Family Saturniidae Boisduval, 1837
Subfamily Arsenurinae Jordan, 1922
Tribe Arsenurini Jordan, 1922
Genus Arsenura Duncan, 1841
Arsenura albopicta Jordan, 1922 Am, Cn, Gn, Pu BC-Dec1510 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; ANDES-E, CRBP
Arsenura arcaei Druce, 1886 An, Ch, Vl BC-RBP 12178 Lemaire 1980; Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as A. batesii; Decaëns et al. 2003b; Brechlin 2023b; CRBP
Arsenura archianassa archianassa Draudt, 1930 An, Ch, Vl TL; BC-RBP 12184 Draudt 1929; Lemaire 1980; Decaëns et al. 2003b; CRBP
Arsenura archianassa venecolombiana Brechlin, 2023 By, Cu, To TL; BC-RBP 12186 Decaëns et al. 2007 as A. armida; Brechlin 2023b; ANDES-E, CRBP
Arsenura arianae Brechlin & Meister, 2010 Ma BC-RBP 12187 CRBP
Arsenura armida (Cramer, 1779) Am, Ca, Cn, Me BC-RBP 12185 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; CRBP
Arsenura batesii (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1874) Am, Cu, Me BC-Dec0471 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; ANDES-E, CRBP
Arsenura beebei (Fleming, 1945) Gn ANDES-E
Arsenura ciocolatina Draudt, 1930 An, By, Ca, Cu, Gv, Ma, Me TL; BC-RBP 4009 Draudt 1929; Lemaire 1980; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; ANDES-E, CRBP
Arsenura fuscata Brechlin & Meister, 2010 Cc BC-RBP 12188 Brechlin and Meister 2010g; CRBP
Arsenura kaechi Brechlin & Meister, 2010 Ca, Hu BC-RBP 11142 Brechlin and Meister 2010a; CRBP
Arsenura lemairei L. Racheli & T. Racheli, 1998, stat. nov. Cn BC-FMP-1420 CRBP
Arsenura mossi Jordan, 1922 Am, Me ANDES-E, CRBP
Arsenura ponderosa ponderosa Rothschild, 1895 Cc BC-RBP 10988 CRBP
Arsenura rebeli Gschwandner, 1920 Cc CRBP
Arsenura sylla sylla (Cramer, 1779) Am, Pu BC-RBP 12631 CRBP
Arsenura sylla niepelti (Schüssler, 1936) Ch, Vl TL Schüssler 1936; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; CRBP
Genus Caio Travassos & Noronha, 1968
Caio championi (Druce, 1886) An, By, Ch, Cu, Na, To, Vl BC-RBP 10113 Lemaire 1980; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2007; ANDES-E, CRBP
Genus Copiopteryx Duncan, 1841
Copiopteryx banghaasi andensis (Lemaire, 1974), comb. nov. An, By, Ch, St, Vl BC-Dec0058 Decaëns et al. 2003b and 2007 as C. semiramis andensis; ANDES-E, CRBP
Copiopteryx jehovah (Strecker, 1874) Ca, Cn, Pu BC-Dec1443 Lemaire 1980; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; CRBP
Copiopteryx semiramis semiramis (Cramer, 1775) Am, Ca, Cu, Me, Pu BC-RBP 9458 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as C. semiramis; ANDES-E, CRBP
Genus Dysdaemonia Hübner, 1819 [1816]
Dysdaemonia australoboreas Brechlin & Meister, 2009 Am, Cc BC-RBP 11594 Brechlin and Meister 2009; CRBP
Dysdaemonia panamana Brechlin, 2019 An, By, Ma BC-RBP-2309 Brechlin 2019e; ANDES-E, CRBP
Dysdaemonia vanschaycki Brechlin, 2019 Gj, Me TL; BC-RBP 11417 Brechlin 2019e; CRBP
Genus Grammopelta Rothschild, 1907
Grammopelta cervina Rothschild, 1907, stat. rev. By, Ca, Ch, Cu, Vl BC-RBP 10352 Lemaire 1980, Amarillo-Suárez 2000, Decaëns et al. 2003b, and 2007 as G. lineata; ANDES-E, CRBP
Genus Paradaemonia Bouvier, 1925
Paradaemonia castanea (Rothschild, 1907) Ch, Vl BC-RBP 12255 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as P. platydesmia; CRBP
Paradaemonia iscaybambensis Brechlin & Meister, 2013 Ca BC-RBP 12632 Brechlin and Meister 2013b; CRBP
Paradaemonia nycteris (Jordan, 1922) Ar, Cn, Me BC-Dec1438 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; CRBP
Paradaemonia platydesmia (Rothschild, 1907) Am, Ca, Me, Va BC-RBP 8295 Lemaire 1980 and Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as P. andensis; ANDES-E, CRBP
Paradaemonia samba sambdensis Brechlin & Meister, 2012 Am, Ca BC-Dec1778 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as P. samba; CRBP
Paradaemonia sinjaevi Brechlin, 2018 + St TL; BC-RBP 10108 Brechlin 2018b; CRBP
Genus Rhescyntis Hübner, 1819 [1816]
Rhescyntis hermes hermandensis Brechlin & Meister, 2013 Pu Brechlin and Meister 2013a; CRBP
Rhescyntis hippodamia (Cramer, 1777) Am, By, Ca, Pu BC-Dec1575 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as “R. hippodamina”; ANDES-E, CRBP
Rhescyntis norax Druce, 1897, stat. nov. Ch, Na, Ri, Vl BC-EvS 3312 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 and Prada-Lara et al. 2019 as R. hippodamia; Decaëns et al. 2003b as R. hippodamia colombiana; ANDES-E, CRBP
Genus Titaea Hübner, 1823
Titaea lemoulti (Schaus, 1905) Am, Ca, Me IAvH-E-190496 Lemaire 1980; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; CRBP
Titaea tamerlan amazonensis Lemaire, 1980 By, Ca, Gj BC-RBP 8679 Lemaire 1980; CRBP
Titaea tamerlan nobilis (Schaus, 1912) Am, An, By, Ca, Ch, Gn, Na, Vl BC-RBP-2316 Lemaire 1980; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2003b; Prada-Lara et al. 2019; ANDES-E, CRBP
Titaea timur (Fassl, 1915) Am, Cn, Me TL; BC-Dec0098 Fassl 1915; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; ANDES-E, CRBP
Subfamily Ceratocampinae Harris, 1841
Tribe Bathyphlebiini Travassos & Noronha, 1967
Genus Bathyphlebia C. Felder & R. Felder, 1874
Bathyphlebia aglia aglia C. Felder & R. Felder, 1874 + By, Cu, Me, NS, Pu, Qu, St TL; BC-RBP 10815 Felder and Felder 1874; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Mielke and St Laurent 2021; ANDES-E, CRBP
Bathyphlebia aglia gschwandneri Schawerda, 1925, stat. nov. § An, To TL; BC-RBP 8363 Schawerda 1925; Lemaire 1988b; ANDES-E, CRBP
Bathyphlebia eminens (Dognin, 1891) An, By, Cl, Cu, Qu, Ri, St, Vl BC-RBP 8434 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2007; ANDES-E, CRBP
Genus Eacles Hübner, 1819 [1816]
Eacles adoxandensis Brechlin, 2022 Ca BC-MNHN0322 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 and Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005 as E. adoxa; Brechlin 2022i; CRBP
Eacles anchicayensis Lemaire, 1971 An, By, Ce, Ch, Cl, Cu, Gj, Ma, St, Vl TL; BC-RBP 8322 Lemaire 1971a; Decaëns et al. 2003b and Prada-Lara et al. 2019 as E. imperialis anchicayensis; Decaëns et al. 2007 as E. imperialis cacicus; ANDES-E, CRBP
Eacles barnesi Schaus, 1905 An, Ca, Pu Amarillo-Suárez 2000; CRBP
Eacles barragani Brechlin & Käch, 2015 Na Brechlin and Käch 2015; CRBP
Eacles eccolombiana Brechlin, 2022 Pu Paratype Brechlin 2022i; CRBP
Eacles fulvaster oriecuadoriana Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Am, Ca, Me RROU00477 Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005 as E. fulvaster; ANDES-E, CRBP
Eacles guianensis guiaandensis Brechlin, 2022 § Cc, Pu TL; BC-RBP 10991 Brechlin 2022i; ANDES-E, CRBP
Eacles impandensis Brechlin, 2022 Am, Ca, Cc, Me BC-RBP 12140 Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005 as E. imperialis cacicus; Brechlin 2022i; CRBP
Eacles johnsoniella Oiticica Filho & Michener, 1950 Cu, St TL; BC-RBP 10037 Oiticica Filho and Michener 1950b; Brechlin 2017f; ANDES-E, CRBP
Eacles kaechi Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Cc BC-RBP 12180 Brechlin and Meister 2011c; CRBP
Eacles niepelti Draudt, 1930 Cc, Ch, Na, Ri, Vl TL; BC-FMP-1019 Amarillo-Suárez 2000, Decaëns et al. 2003b, and Prada-Lara et al. 2019 as E. ormondei niepelti; ANDES-E, CRBP
Eacles penelope (Cramer, 1775) Ca, Ch, Gv, Me, To, Vl BC-RBP 6000 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; ANDES-E, CRBP
Eacles tyrannus Draudt, 1930 An, By, Ch, Vl TL; BC-RBP 12146 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as E. masoni; CRBP
Eacles violacea violacea Lemaire, 1975 Am, Cc Muñoz and Amarillo-Suárez 2010 as E. ormondei; CRBP
Eacles violacea viocolombiana Brechlin, 2022 § By, Cu, St TL; BC-RBP 8357 Brechlin 2022i; CRBP
Genus Schausiella Bouvier, 1930
Schausiella denhezorum Lemaire, 1969 Vl TL Lemaire 1969, 1988b; Amarillo-Suárez 2000
Schausiella janosi Brechlin & Käch, 2017 Am, Pu BC-RBP 12313 CRBP
Schausiella moinieri Lemaire, 1969 Ch BC-Dec0456 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; CRBP
Schausiella sinjaevi Brechlin, 2017 Ca, Cc, Cu BC-RBP 10986 Brechlin 2017e; CRBP
Schausiella subochreata (Schaus, 1904) Ca, Ch, Me BC-Dec1565 Amarillo-Suárez 2000
Schausiella tatama Brechlin, 2017 + Qu, Ri, Vl TL; BC-RBP 9334 Brechlin 2017e; CRBP
Schausiella toulgoeti Lemaire, 1969 + Ch, Vl TL; BC-RBP 12254 Lemaire 1969; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Prada-Lara et al. 2019; CRBP
Tribe Citheroniini Harris, 1841
Genus Citheronia Hübner, 1819 [1816]
Citheronia aroa Schaus, 1896 Ca Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005; CRBP
Citheronia bellavista Draudt, 1930 An, By, Ch, Ma, St, Vl TL; BC-RBP 11421 Draudt 1929; Lemaire 1988b; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2003b; CRBP
Citheronia caucensis Brechlin, 2019 + Vl TL; BC-RBP 10691 Brechlin et al. 2019a; CRBP
Citheronia equatorialis Bouvier, 1927 Na, Vl? Lemaire 1988b; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; CRBP
Citheronia kaechi Brechlin, 2019 By, Cc, Cu, Hu, Me, Pu BC-RBP 9139 Brechlin et al. 2019a; CRBP
Citheronia laguajira Brechlin, Meister & van Schayck, 2019 An, Cu, Gj, Hu, Ma, St, To TL; BC-RBP 9185 Lemaire 1988b and Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as C. lobesis; Brechlin et al. 2019a; CRBP
Citheronia laocandensis Brechlin, Meister & van Schayck, 2019 Me BC-Dec0214 Racheli and Racheli 2006 as C. laocoon; Brechlin et al. 2019a; CRBP
Citheronia phoandensis Brechlin, 2019 Am, Ca, Me BC-Dec0278 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 and Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005 as C. phoronea; Brechlin et al. 2019a; CRBP
Citheronia phochocoensis Brechlin, 2019 An, Ch, Vl TL; BC-RBP 5413 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 and Decaëns et al. 2003b as C. phoronea; Brechlin et al. 2019a; ANDES-E, CRBP
Citheronia winbrechlini Brechlin, 2019 + By TL; BC-RBP 8349 Brechlin et al. 2019a; CRBP
Citheronia witti Brechlin, 2019 Ca, Cn, Pu BC-Dec1465 Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005 as C. hamifera; Brechlin et al. 2019a; CRBP
Genus Citheronioides Lemaire, 1988
Citheronioides collaris (Rothschild, 1907) By, Ch, Na, Ri, Vl BC-RBP 12520 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2007; ANDES-E, CRBP
Citheronioides samana Brechlin, 2022 + By, Cl TL; BC-RBP 12402 Brechlin 2022c; CRBP
Genus Procitheronia Michener, 1949
Procitheronia fenestrata (Rothschild, 1907) By, Ca, Cn, Me BC-Dec1464 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005; ANDES-E, CRBP
Tribe Dryocampini Grote & Robinson, 1866
Genus Adeloneivaia Travassos, 1940
Adeloneivaia acuta (Schaus, 1896) By, Ma, Me, St BC-RBP 11254 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2007; CRBP
Adeloneivaia antkozlovi Brechlin, 2019 An, Ch BC-RBP 11466 Brechlin 2019d; CRBP
Adeloneivaia boisduvalii (Doûmet, 1859) An, By, Ca, Ch, Me, Pu, Vl BC-RBP 11801 Lemaire 1988b; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2003b; Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005; Prada-Lara et al. 2019; CRBP
Adeloneivaia catobezverkhovi Brechlin, 2020 By, Cu, Me, Pu BC-RBP 11567 Brechlin 2020i; CRBP
Adeloneivaia catoxantha (Rothschild, 1907) Ca, Cc BC-RBP 11449 Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005; CRBP
Adeloneivaia centrojason Brechlin, 2017 Ch, Vl BC-RBP 10688 Brechlin 2017b; CRBP
Adeloneivaia guajira Brechlin, 2017 + Gj TL; BC-RBP 8661 Brechlin 2017l; CRBP
Adeloneivaia jacolombiana Brechlin, 2019 + An, By, Ce, Cu, Ma TL; BC-RBP 10229 Brechlin 2019d; CRBP
Adeloneivaia jametensis Brechlin, 2019 + Me TL; BC-RBP 10670 Brechlin 2019d; CRBP
Adeloneivaia jaustralica Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Am, Cc BC-RBP 12194 Brechlin and Meister 2011c; CRBP
Adeloneivaia orientoandensis Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Am, Pu BC-RBP 12369 Brechlin and Meister 2011c; CRBP
Adeloneivaia pallida Lemaire, 1982 An, By, Ca, Cc, Cl, Me BC-RBP 11464 Lemaire 1988b, Amarillo-Suárez 2000, and Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005 as A. subangulata; Brechlin and Meister 2011c; ANDES-E, CRBP
Adeloneivaia santamartaiana Brechlin, 2017 + Ma TL; BC-RBP 10410 Brechlin 2017l; CRBP
Genus Adelowalkeria Travassos, 1941
Adelowalkeria caeca Lemaire, 1969 Ch, Vl TL Lemaire 1969; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Prada-Lara et al. 2019; CRBP
Adelowalkeria eugenicolombiana Brechlin & Meister, 2011 + Cu, Ma TL; BC-FMP-0875 Brechlin and Meister 2011c; CRBP
Adelowalkeria kitchingi Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Am, Pu Brechlin and Meister 2011c; CRBP
Adelowalkeria winbrechlini Brechlin, 2017 An, By, Ch, St TL; BC-RBP 9874 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as A. caeca; Brechlin 2017m; CRBP
Adelowalkeria witti Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Ca, Pu Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005 as A. plateada; CRBP
Genus Cicia Oiticica Filho, 1964
Cicia pelotandana Brechlin, 2023 Ca Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005 as C. pelota; Brechlin 2023e
Genus Citioica Travassos & Noronha, 1965
Citioica analis (Rothschild, 1907) Am, Pu BC-RBP 12370 Brechlin 2022b; CRBP
Citioica colombiana Brechlin, 2017 + An, By, Ch, St TL; BC-RBP 9225 Amarillo-Suárez 2000, Decaëns et al. 2003b, and 2007 as C. anthonilis; Brechlin 2017c; CRBP
Citioica grisecolombiana Brechlin, 2017 + An, By, Ch TL; BC-RBP 10110 Brechlin 2017c; CRBP
Citioica kaechi Brechlin, 2017 Cu, Me BC-RBP 12175 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as C. homoea; Brechlin 2017c; CRBP
Citioica rubrocanescens Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Ca, Me BC-RBP 9832 Amarillo-Suárez 2000, Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005, and Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021 as C. anthonilis; Brechlin and Meister 2011c; CRBP
Genus Othorene Boisduval, 1872
Othorene carameridensis Brechlin & Meister, 2013 An, Ce, Ma BC-RBP 11184 Brechlin and Meister 2013c; CRBP
Othorene purpurascens (Schaus, 1905) Ca, Me Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005; ANDES-E, CRBP
Othorene vanschayckorum Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Ch, Na, Vl BC-RBP 10684 Amarillo-Suárez 2000, Decaëns et al. 2003b, and Prada-Lara et al. 2019 as O. purpurascens; Brechlin and Meister 2011c; CRBP
Othorene winbrechlini Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Am, Ca, Cc, Pu IAvH-E-190475 Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005 as O. hodeva; Brechlin and Meister 2011j; ANDES-E, CRBP
Genus Psilopygida Michener, 1949
Subgenus Psigida Oiticica Filho, 1959
Psilopygida (Psigida) apollinairei (Dognin, 1919) Ca, Cn, Me, Vi TL; BC-RBP 9621 Dognin 1919; Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as P. P. walkeri; ANDES-E, CRBP
Genus Ptiloscola Michener, 1949
Ptiloscola descimoni Lemaire, 1971 Cu BC-Dec0270 CRBP
Ptiloscola lilacina (Schaus, 1900) + An, By, Ch, Cu, St, Vl TL; BC-RBP 8331 Schaus 1900; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2003b, 2007; ANDES-E, CRBP
Ptiloscola meta Brechlin, 2020 + Cn, Me TL; BC-RBP 10780 Brechlin 2020c; CRBP
Ptiloscola santamartensis Brechlin, 2017 + Ce, Ma TL; BC-RBP 10417 Brechlin 2017d; CRBP
Ptiloscola wolfei Brechlin & Meister, 2008 Am, Ca, Pu BC-RBP 12371 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 and Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005 as P. photophila; ANDES-E, CRBP
Genus Rachesa Michener, 1949
Rachesa breteuili caucensis Lemaire, 1969 § An, Ch, Cl, Qu, Ri, Vl TL; BC-RBP 10643 Lemaire 1969; Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as R. breteuili; ANDES-E, CRBP
Rachesa dianae Brechlin, 2017 + St TL; BC-RBP 8351 Brechlin 2017k; CRBP
Rachesa huilana Brechlin, 2019 + Hu TL; BC-RBP 11138 Brechlin 2019b; CRBP
Rachesa svetlanae Brechlin, 2017 + By, Cu, Hu, St TL; BC-RBP 8033 Brechlin 2017k; CRBP
Genus Syssphinx Hübner, 1819 [1816]
Syssphinx bidmagdaleniana Brechlin, 2017 + Ma TL; BC-RBP 10315 Brechlin 2017a; CRBP
Syssphinx centriantioquiana Brechlin, 2017 + An, Ch, Cl TL; BC-RBP 8995 Brechlin 2017a; ANDES-E, CRBP
Syssphinx centriboyacensis Brechlin, 2017 + By TL; BC-RBP 8352 Brechlin 2017a; CRBP
Syssphinx centrimacula (Strand, 1912) Ca, Cc BC-RBP 11479 CRBP
Syssphinx chocoensis Lemaire, 1988 Ch, Ma TL; BC-RBP 10730 Lemaire 1988b; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Prada-Lara et al. 2019; CRBP
Syssphinx cundinamarcana Brechlin, 2019 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 10664 Brechlin 2019a; CRBP
Syssphinx jasonoides (Lemaire, 1971) + Vl TL Lemaire 1971a, 1988b; Amarillo-Suárez 2000
Syssphinx molina (Cramer, 1780) An, Ch, Cu, Hu, Na, Vl BC-Dec0317 Lemaire 1988b; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2003b; ANDES-E, CRBP
Syssphinx quadrilineata occlusa (Dognin, 1916) An, By, Ce, Ch, Cu, Ma, St, Vl TL; BC-RBP 9186 Dognin 1916; Lemaire 1988b; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2003b; ANDES-E, CRBP
Syssphinx quindana Brechlin, 2019 + Qu TL; BC-RBP 10720 Brechlin 2019a; CRBP
Syssphinx riekerti Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Pu Brechlin and Meister 2011c; CRBP
Syssphinx santamartaensis Brechlin, 2017 + Ma TL; BC-RBP 10413 Brechlin 2019a; CRBP
Syssphinx smithi (Druce, 1904) An, By, Cu, Gj, Hu, Ma, To, Vl TL; BC-RBP 10733 Druce 1904; Lemaire 1988b; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; CRBP
Syssphinx tatama Brechlin, 2017 + An, Ri TL; BC-RBP 9564 Brechlin 2017a; ANDES-E, CRBP
Syssphinx ubalana Brechlin, 2019 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 11480 Brechlin 2019a; CRBP
Subfamily Cercophaninae Jordan, 1924
Tribe Janiodini Jordan, 1924
Genus Janiodes Jordan, 1924
Janiodes dogboyacana Brechlin, 2020 + By TL; BC-RBP 9628 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes dogcaliana Brechlin, 2023 + Vl TL; BC-RBP 12798 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes dogfranciscona Brechlin, 2020 + Cc, Cu, Hu, Na, Pu TL; BC-RBP 11150 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes dogfrontino Brechlin, 2023 + An TL; BC-RBP 12356 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes dogjardina Brechlin, 2023 + An TL; BC-RBP 12333 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes doglagruta Brechlin, 2023 + Cl, Vl TL; BC-RBP 12327 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes doglalibia Brechlin, 2020 + To TL; BC-RBP 9865 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes dogletrasa Brechlin, 2023 + To TL; BC-RBP 12357 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes dognini Jordan, 1924 + Qu, Ri TL; BC-RBP 8037 Jordan 1924; Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes dogpuerres Brechlin, 2023 + Na TL; BC-RBP 12715 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes dogpurace Brechlin, 2020 + Cc, Hu TL; BC-RBP 11652 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes dogputumayona Brechlin, 2020 + Pu TL; BC-RBP 10662 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes dogsonsona Brechlin, 2023 + An TL; BC-RBP 12331 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes doguramita Brechlin, 2023 + An TL; BC-RBP 12713 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes ecabriaqui Brechlin, 2023 + An TL; BC-RBP 12702 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes ecarcabuco Brechlin, 2020 + By, St TL; BC-RBP 8268 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes eccalarca Brechlin, 2020 + Qu, To, Vl TL; BC-RBP 8039 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes eccarchensis Brechlin, 2020 Na BC-RBP 12800 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes eccolombiana Brechlin, 2020 + By, Ca, Cc, Cu, Hu, Na, Pu TL; BC-RBP 11257 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes eccumbrana Brechlin, 2020 + Cl, Qu, Ri, Vl TL; BC-RBP 10763 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes ecdelnorte Brechlin, 2020 + By TL; BC-RBP 10772 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes ecfrontino Brechlin, 2023 + An TL; BC-RBP 12334 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes ecinsora Brechlin, 2023 + An TL; BC-RBP 12482 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes eclagruta Brechlin, 2023 + Cl TL; BC-RBP 12486 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes ecmarmolana Brechlin, 2020 + Ca, Cc, Hu TL; BC-RBP 11700 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes ecminasa Brechlin, 2020 Na, Pu BC-RBP 11159 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes ecpenasblancas Brechlin, 2020 + By TL; BC-RBP 9627 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes ecputnarino Brechlin, 2020 + Na, Pu TL; BC-RBP 10727 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes ecsumapasa Brechlin, 2020 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 10303 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes ectatama Brechlin, 2020 + An, Ri TL; BC-RBP 9623 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes ectolima Brechlin, 2020 + An, To TL; BC-RBP 8276 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes ecurrao Brechlin, 2023 + An TL; BC-RBP 12364 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes ecyarumala Brechlin, 2020 + An TL; BC-RBP 9679 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes guascana Brechlin, 2020 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 10782 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes lavbelmirana Brechlin, 2023 + An TL; BC-RBP 12290 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes lavcabrera Brechlin, 2020 + Cu, To TL; BC-RBP 11682 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes lavcarchensis Brechlin, 2020 Na BC-RBP 12801 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes lavconcepciona Brechlin, 2020 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 11683 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes lavfilandia Brechlin, 2023 + Qu TL; BC-RBP 12711 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes lavgachala Brechlin, 2020 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 11146 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes lavhollinensis Brechlin, 2020 Cu, Me BC-RBP 11147 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes lavinzana Brechlin, 2023 + Cc TL; BC-RBP 12324 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes lavirgensis Brechlin, 2020 + By TL; BC-RBP 11680 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes lavonzaga Brechlin, 2020 + By TL; BC-RBP 9642 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes lavputumayona Brechlin, 2020 + Na, Pu TL; BC-RBP 11799 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes lavricaurte Brechlin, 2023 + Na TL; BC-RBP 12804 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes lavristolima Brechlin, 2020 + An, Cl, Ri, To TL; BC-RBP 9641 Brechlin 2020e, 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes lavsinjaevi Brechlin, 2020 Hu BC-RBP 10973 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes lavtatama Brechlin, 2020 + An, Qu, Ri TL; BC-RBP 9576 Brechlin 2020e, 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes lavtogui Brechlin, 2020 + By, St TL; BC-RBP 9643 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes lavyarumala Brechlin, 2020 + An, Cl, Na, Ri TL; BC-RBP 9675 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes naputumayona Brechlin, 2020 + Na, Pu TL; BC-RBP 10663 Brechlin 2020e, 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes pardognini Brechlin, 2020 + Cl, Ri TL; BC-RBP 10152 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes pinzonica Brechlin, 2020 + By, Cu TL; BC-RBP 8290 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes rusarcabucona Brechlin, 2020 + By, St TL; BC-RBP 9625 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes rusbogotana Brechlin, 2020 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 11713 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes ruscalarca Brechlin, 2020 + Qu TL; BC-RBP 8038 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes ruscarchensis Brechlin, 2020 Na BC-RBP 12790 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes rusconcepciona Brechlin, 2020 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 8272 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes rusflorencia Brechlin, 2023 + Ca TL; BC-RBP 12789 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes rusfrontino Brechlin, 2023 + An TL; BC-RBP 12338 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes rusgachala Brechlin, 2020 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 11190 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes rusguascana Brechlin, 2020 + By, Cu TL; BC-RBP 10765 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes rusjardina Brechlin, 2023 + An, Cl, Na, Vl TL; BC-RBP 12358 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes ruslagruta Brechlin, 2023 + Cl TL; BC-RBP 12487 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes rusletrasa Brechlin, 2023 + To TL; BC-RBP 12365 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes rusmarmolana Brechlin, 2020 + Ca, Hu TL; BC-RBP 11698 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes rusminasa Brechlin, 2020 Cc, Na, Pu TL; BC-RBP 11153 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes rusnortana Brechlin, 2020 + NS, St TL; BC-RBP 10556 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes rusperijana Brechlin, 2023 + Ce TL; BC-RBP 12794 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes ruspuerres Brechlin, 2023 + Na TL; BC-RBP 12688 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes rusputhuilana Brechlin, 2020 + Hu, Na, Pu TL; BC-RBP 11156 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes rusputumayona Brechlin, 2020 + Pu TL; BC-RBP 11157 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes rusrondona Brechlin, 2020 + By TL; BC-RBP 10767 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes russangayana Brechlin, 2020 Na BC-RBP 12690 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes rustogui Brechlin, 2020 + By TL; BC-RBP 10914 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes rustolima Brechlin, 2020 + An, Cl, Ri, To TL; BC-RBP 8279 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes rustunjana Brechlin, 2020 + By TL; BC-RBP 8287 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes rusyarumala Brechlin, 2023 + An TL; BC-RBP 12367 Brechlin 2023i; CRBP
Janiodes sumapasa Brechlin, 2020 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 10222 Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Janiodes virgata Jordan, 1924 + Cl, Qu, To TL; BC-RBP 11260 Jordan 1924; Brechlin 2020e; CRBP
Subfamily Hemileucinae Grote & Robinson, 1866
Tribe Hemileucini Grote & Robinson, 1866
Subtribe Automeriina Bouvier, 1928
Genus Automerina Michener, 1949
Automerina aucametana Brechlin & Comoglio, 2023 + Ca, Cn, Me TL; BC-RBP 12752 Brechlin and Comoglio 2023c; CRBP
Automerina auguajira Brechlin, 2018 + Cu, Gj, Ma TL; BC-RBP 10568 Brechlin 2018a; CRBP
Automerina auletes (Herrich-Schäffer, 1854) Ca, Cn BC-Dec1470 Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005; Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021; CRBP
Automerina caudatula (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1874) Am IAvH-E-190372 CRBP
Automerina esmeraletes Brechlin, Käch & Meister, 2013 Ch, Vl BC-RBP 10714 Brechlin et al. 2013a; CRBP
Automerina yungasletes Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Am, Cc, Pu BC-RBP 11231 Brechlin and Meister 2011i; CRBP
Genus Automeris Hübner, 1819 [1816]
Automeris abdancaldasa Brechlin, 2023 + An, Cl TL; BC-RBP 12585 Brechlin 2023c; CRBP
Automeris abdanrivalle Brechlin, 2023 + An, Qu, Ri, Vl TL; BC-RBP 10645 Brechlin 2023c; CRBP
Automeris abdantolima Brechlin, 2023 + An, Ca, Hu, To TL; BC-RBP 8022 Brechlin 2023c; CRBP
Automeris abdgachala Brechlin, 2023 + Cu, St TL; BC-RBP 12583 Brechlin 2023c; CRBP
Automeris abdominalis (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1874) + Cu? TL Felder and Felder 1874; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; Brechlin 2023c; ANDES-E, CRBP
Automeris abdomimeridensis Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Ce BC-RBP 12759 Brechlin 2023c; CRBP
Automeris abdominapoensis Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Cc, Pu BC-RBP 12579 Brechlin and Meister 2011f; CRBP
Automeris abdomipichinchensis Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Na BC-RBP 12787 Brechlin and Meister 2011f; CRBP
Automeris abdsanboyacensis Brechlin, 2023 + By, St TL; BC-RBP 9248 Brechlin 2023c; CRBP
Automeris alticarchensis Brechlin, Käch & Meister, 2013 Na BC-RBP 12621 Brechlin 2023d; CRBP
Automeris alticola Lemaire, 1975 Vl BC-RBP 12620 Brechlin 2023d; CRBP
Automeris amageus Brechlin, 2021 Am, Cn IAvH-E-190251 Brechlin 2021i; Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021
Automeris amaloretensis Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Am, By, Cn BC-RBP 8669 Brechlin and Meister 2011f; CRBP
Automeris andensis Brechlin & Käch, 2017 Cn RR-COL2015-121 Brechlin et al. 2017
Automeris angulatus Conte, 1906 By, Ca, Cu, Hu, Me BC-Dec0646 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 and Decaëns et al. 2007 as A. hamata; ANDES-E, CRBP
Automeris argentifera argentifera Lemaire, 1966 An, Ch, Na, Ri, To, Vl TL; BC-RBP 3546 Lemaire 1966b, 2002; Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as A. banus; Decaëns et al. 2003b as A. banus argentifera; ANDES-E, CRBP
Automeris argentifera argorientalis Brechlin, 2023 § An, By, Cu, Ri, St, To, Vl TL; BC-RBP 12598 Decaëns et al. 2007 as A. banus proxima; Brechlin 2023c; CRBP
Automeris atrolimbata Lemaire, 1973 Cc, Pu BC-RBP 12351 CRBP
Automeris barbosana Brechlin, 2021 + An, By, St TL; BC-RBP 11747 Brechlin 2021i; CRBP
Automeris bilinea (Walker, 1855) Cn IAvH-E-190279 Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021
Automeris boops (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1874) Me BC-RBP 10835 CRBP
Automeris caucensis Lemaire, 1976 Vl TL Lemaire 1976a, 2002; CRBP
Automeris choco Brechlin & Meister, 2011 + Ch, Ri, Vl TL; BC-FMP-0501 Decaëns et al. 2003b as A. celata; Brechlin and Meister 2011f; CRBP
Automeris cinctistriga (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1874) Am, Ca, Cu?, Gn, Me TL; BC-Dec0713 Felder and Felder 1874; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2021; ANDES-E, CRBP
Automeris comoglioi Brechlin, 2023 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 12616 Brechlin 2023d; CRBP
Automeris conceptiona Brechlin, 2016 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 8271 Brechlin 2016c; CRBP
Automeris cryptica Dognin, 1911 Na, Vl TL; BC-RBP 10610 Dognin 1911a; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; CRBP
Automeris cundinamarcensis Brechlin & Meister, 2011 An, By, Cu, St TL; BC-RBP 3656 Brechlin and Meister 2011f; ANDES-E, CRBP
Automeris curvilinea Schaus, 1906 Am Amarillo-Suárez 2000; ANDES-E, CRBP
Automeris cuscosylviae Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Cc BC-RBP 12580 Brechlin and Meister 2011f; CRBP
Automeris dagmarae Brechlin & Meister, 2011 An, By, Cu, Ma, To, Vl BC-RBP 3524 Amarillo-Suárez 2000, Lemaire 2002, and Decaëns et al. 2007 as A. metzli; Brechlin and Meister 2011f; ANDES-E, CRBP
Automeris denticulata Conte, 1906 Me BC-Dec0694 CRBP
Automeris dognini Lemaire, 1967 + Cn, Me TL; BC-FMP-0571 Lemaire 1966a, 2002; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; CRBP
Automeris duchartrei Bouvier, 1936 + Cl, Qu, To, Vl TL; BC-RBP 8343 Bouvier 1936; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; CRBP
Automeris ecuata Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Pu Brechlin and Meister 2011f; CRBP
Automeris exigua Lemaire, 1977 An, Ch, Na, Vl TL; BC-RBP 3523 Lemaire 1977, 2002; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2003b; Prada-Lara et al. 2019; CRBP
Automeris fabiani Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Ca, Cn, Me, Pu BC-RBP 12589 Brechlin and Meister 2011f; Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021 as A. moresca; ANDES-E, CRBP
Automeris fieldi fieldi Lemaire, 1969 Ch, Ri, Vl TL; BC-MNHN0240 Lemaire 1969; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2003b; ANDES-E, CRBP
Automeris fieldi fieldseptentrides Brechlin, 2017 An, By, Cu, St TL; BC-RBP 10402 Brechlin et al. 2017; ANDES-E, CRBP
Automeris frontino Brechlin, 2022 + An TL; BC-RBP 12248 Brechlin 2022m; CRBP
Automeris gadouae Lemaire, 1966 By, Ca, Me, Vl BC-RBP 8397 CRBP
Automeris gunneri Brechlin, 2016 + An, Cl, Qu, To TL; BC-RBP 9864 Brechlin 2016c; CRBP
Automeris hamata Schaus, 1906 Ch, Gj, Ma, Vl BC-RBP 9046 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; Decaëns et al. 2003b; ANDES-E, CRBP
Automeris handschugi Brechlin, 2017 + By, St TL; BC-RBP 8398 Decaëns et al. 2007 as A. duchartrei; Brechlin et al. 2017; CRBP
Automeris harriamazonica Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Hu BC-RBP 11131 Brechlin and Meister 2011f; CRBP
Automeris hausmanni Brechlin, 2016 + By TL; BC-RBP 9676 Brechlin 2016c; CRBP
Automeris iguaquensis Lemaire & Amarillo, 1992 + By, Cu, St TL Lemaire and Amarillo-Suárez 1992; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; CRBP
Automeris incarnata (Walker, 1865) An, By, Cu, Gj, Hu, Ma, Me, To TL; BC-RBP 10567 Walker 1865; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; Decaëns et al. 2007; CRBP
Automeris innoxia Schaus, 1906 Cn BC-Dec1065 CRBP
Automeris isabellae Brechlin & Käch, 2017 Na BC-RBP 12760 CRBP
Automeris isnosa Brechlin, 2022 + Cc, Hu TL; BC-RBP 12244 Brechlin 2022m; CRBP
Automeris iwanowitschi Brechlin, Käch & Meister, 2013 An, Cc, Hu, To BC-RBP 8273 Brechlin et al. 2013b; CRBP
Automeris janrudloffi Brechlin & Meister, 2011 + An, Cu, Ri, To TL; BC-RBP 3660 Brechlin and Meister 2011f; CRBP
Automeris janus (Cramer, 1775) Am IavH-E-190356 CRBP
Automeris jucunda (Cramer, 1779) By, Ca, Ch, Cn, Cu, Gn, Gv, Me, To, Vl BC-RBP 3579 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; Decaëns et al. 2003b, 2007; Comoglio and Racheli 2016; ANDES-E, CRBP
Automeris kaechi Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Pu Brechlin and Meister 2011f; CRBP
Automeris liberia (Cramer, 1780) Am, Ca, Cu, Gv, Me BC-Dec1655 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; ANDES-E, CRBP
Automeris llaneros Decaëns, Rougerie & Bonilla, 2021 + Cn, Me TL; BC-Dec0711 Decaëns et al. 2021; ANDES-E, CRBP
Automeris magdaleniana Brechlin & Meister, 2011 + An, Cu?, To TL; BC-RBP 3657 Brechlin and Meister 2011f; ANDES-E, CRBP
Automeris maximae Brechlin & Witt, 2017 + By TL; BC-RBP 9994 Brechlin and Witt 2017; CRBP
Automeris midenapoensis Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Am, Ca, Pu BC-RBP 12508 Brechlin and Meister 2011f; CRBP
Automeris mineros Decaëns, Rougerie & Bonilla, 2021 + By TL; BC-Dec0551 Decaëns et al. 2007 as A. midea; Decaëns et al. 2021
Automeris mixtus Bouvier, 1936 Am, Hu, Pu IAvH-E-190358 Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021 as A. larra; ANDES-E, CRBP
Automeris niepelti Draudt, 1929 Cc, Ch, Na, Vl TL; BC-Dec1043 Draudt 1929; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; CRBP
Automeris occidentorestes Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Ca, Gv, Pu Brechlin and Meister 2011f; ANDES-E, CRBP
Automeris oiticicai Lemaire, 1966 + An, Cc?, Vl TL; BC-RBP 10577 Lemaire 1966b, 2002; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; CRBP
Automeris parafera Brechlin & Meister, 2014 Pu Brechlin and Meister 2014c; CRBP
Automeris parapichinchensis Brechlin & Meister, 2011 An, Ch, Vl BC-RBP 10612 Amarillo-Suárez 2000, Decaëns et al. 2003b, 2007, and Prada-Lara et al. 2019 as A. zugana; Brechlin and Meister 2011f; ANDES-E, CRBP
Automeris pastaziana Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Me, Pu BC-RBP 8400 Brechlin and Meister 2011f; CRBP
Automeris peggyanae peggyanae Brechlin, 2016 + By, St TL; BC-RBP 9867 Brechlin 2016c; CRBP
Automeris peggyanae pegbogotana Brechlin, 2016 § By, Cu TL; BC-RBP 10101 Brechlin 2016c; CRBP
Automeris phrynon Druce, 1897 Ch, Vl Lemaire 2002; CRBP
Automeris pinasiana Brechlin & Meister, 2014 Ch BC-FMP-1995 Brechlin and Meister 2014c; CRBP
Automeris postalbida Schaus, 1900 Ch, Na, Ri, Vl Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; Prada-Lara et al. 2019; ANDES-E, CRBP
Automeris praemargaritae Lemaire, 2002 By Lemaire 2002; CRBP
Automeris putumayona Brechlin, 2020 + Pu TL; BC-RBP 11181 Brechlin and Meister 2020; CRBP
Automeris risquindensis Brechlin, 2016 + Cl, Ri, Qu TL; BC-RBP 9323 Brechlin 2016c; CRBP
Automeris rudloffjani Brechlin & Meister, 2011 + An, Cu, To TL; BC-RBP 6105 Brechlin and Meister 2011f; CRBP
Automeris schwartzi Lemaire, 1967 Am, Ca, Pu TL Lemaire 1966a, 2002; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005; CRBP
Automeris serpina Butler, 1878 Am IAvH-E-190391 Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021 as A. occidentorestes
Automeris subobscura subobscura Weymer, 1909 § By, Cu, St TL; BC-RBP 3547 Weymer 1909; Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as A. amanda; Lemaire 2002; Brechlin 2023c; ANDES-E, CRBP
Automeris subobscura denhezorum Lemaire, 1966 § An?, Vl TL; BC-MNHN0644 Lemaire 1966b and Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as A. denhezorum; Brechlin 2023c; ANDES-E, CRBP
Automeris subobscura lichyi Lemaire, 1966 Cc, Ce, Hu, Me, NS, St BC-RBP 12591 Brechlin 2023c; CRBP
Automeris subobscura limpida Lemaire, 1966 Pu Brechlin 2023c; CRBP
Automeris tamsi Lemaire, 1966 Ma TL; BC-RBP 11132 Lemaire 1966b, 2002; CRBP
Automeris tolimaiensis Brechlin & Meister, 2011 + An, Cu, To TL; BC-RBP 3654 Brechlin and Meister 2011f; CRBP
Automeris vanschaycki Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Ch BC-Dec1051 Brechlin and Meister 2011f; CRBP
Automeris vincentensis Brechlin, 2017 + Ri TL; BC-RBP 9579 Brechlin et al. 2017; CRBP
Automeris vomona Schaus, 1906 An, By, Cu, Na, St, To BC-RBP 11662 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; Decaëns et al. 2007; ANDES-E, CRBP
Automeris yarumala Brechlin, 2021 + An TL; BC-RBP 10834 Brechlin 2021i; CRBP
Automeris zaruma Schaus, 1898 An, By, Ch, Na, Ri, Vl BC-RBP 3533 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 and Decaëns et al. 2003b as A. belti zaruma; Prada-Lara et al. 2019 as A. belti; ANDES-E, CRBP
Automeris zurouae Brechlin & Meister, 2011 An, By, Ce, Cu, Hu, Ma, To TL; BC-RBP 3545 Brechlin and Meister 2011f; CRBP
Genus Catacantha Bouvier, 1930
Catacantha ecorientalis Brechlin, Käch & Meister, 2013 Ca, Cc, Pu BC-RBP 11767 Brechlin et al. 2013g; CRBP
Catacantha meta Brechlin, 2020 + By, Cu, Me TL; BC-RBP 8504 Brechlin 2020a; ANDES-E, CRBP
Genus Erythromeris Lemaire, 1969
Erythromeris christbrechlinae christbrechlinae Brechlin, 2016 + By, Cu, St TL; BC-RBP 8244 Lemaire 2002 as E. flexilineata; Brechlin 2016b; ANDES-E, CRBP
Erythromeris christbrechlinae puracana Brechlin, 2021 § Cc, Hu TL; BC-RBP 11653 Brechlin 2021n; CRBP
Erythromeris flexilineata (Dognin, 1911) + Cl?, Qu, To, Vl TL; BC-RBP 8260 Dognin 1911b; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; CRBP
Erythromeris obscurior Lemaire, 1975 Na, Pu BC-RBP 11774 CRBP
Erythromeris saturniata (Walker, 1865) + By, Cl, Cu, Me, Ri, St TL; BC-RBP 10563 Walker 1865; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; ANDES-E, CRBP
Erythromeris sonsona Brechlin, 2021 + An TL Brechlin 2021n; CRBP
Genus Gamelia Hübner, 1819 [1816]
Gamelia abboyacensis Brechlin, 2018 + By, Cu TL; BC-RBP 10605 Brechlin 2018k; CRBP
Gamelia altoflorencia Brechlin & Comoglio, 2023 + Ca TL; BC-RBP 12650 Brechlin and Comoglio 2023a; CRBP
Gamelia barbacoasa Brechlin & Comoglio, 2023 + Na TL; BC-RBP 12634 Brechlin and Comoglio 2023a; CRBP
Gamelia cabrera Brechlin, 2018 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 10466 Brechlin 2018k; CRBP
Gamelia caucensis Brechlin, 2018 + Vl TL; BC-RBP 10611 Brechlin 2018k; CRBP
Gamelia cimarrones Decaëns, Bonilla & Ramirez, 2005 + Ch, Vl TL; BC-Dec0544 Decaëns et al. 2003b as G. abasia; Decaëns et al. 2005; CRBP
Gamelia cundboyacensis Brechlin, 2018 + By, Cu TL; BC-RBP 8412 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as G. neidhoeferi; Brechlin 2018k; CRBP
Gamelia denhezi Lemaire, 1967 Vl TL Lemaire 1966c, 2002; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; CRBP
Gamelia florencia Brechlin & Comoglio, 2023 + Ca TL; BC-RBP 12806 Brechlin and Comoglio 2023a; CRBP
Gamelia frontino Brechlin & Comoglio, 2023 + An TL; BC-RBP 12249 Brechlin and Comoglio 2023a; CRBP
Gamelia gordasa Brechlin & Comoglio, 2023 + An TL; BC-RBP 12462 Brechlin and Comoglio 2023a; CRBP
Gamelia hollinensis Brechlin, Käch & Meister, 2012 Me BC-RBP 8413 Brechlin and Meister 2012b; CRBP
Gamelia kaechi Brechlin & Meister, 2012 Na BC-RBP 12727 Brechlin and Comoglio 2023a; CRBP
Gamelia kiefferi Lemaire, 1967 + Cc?, Vl TL Lemaire 1966c, 2002; Amarillo-Suárez 2000
Gamelia lacelia Brechlin, 2018 + Ri, Vl TL; BC-RBP 9092 Brechlin 2018k; CRBP
Gamelia lallanada Brechlin & Comoglio, 2023 + Na, Vl TL; BC-RBP 12807 Brechlin and Comoglio 2023a; CRBP
Gamelia lamilagrosa Brechlin, 2018 + Ma TL; BC-RBP 8414 Brechlin 2018k; CRBP
Gamelia marquezae Brechlin, 2018 + By, St TL; BC-RBP 8250 Brechlin 2018k; CRBP
Gamelia marmolana Brechlin, 2020 + Cc, Hu TL; BC-RBP 11177 Brechlin 2020f; CRBP
Gamelia otanchana Brechlin, 2021 + By TL; BC-RBP 11798 Brechlin 2021d; CRBP
Gamelia paramartiniana Brechlin & Meister, 2012 Ca, Cc, Cu, Me BC-RBP 10604 Brechlin and Meister 2012b; ANDES-E, CRBP
Gamelia paryarumala Brechlin, 2018 + An, Qu TL; BC-RBP 9172 Brechlin 2018k; CRBP
Gamelia puracana Brechlin, 2020 + Hu TL; BC-RBP 11265 Brechlin 2020f; CRBP
Gamelia puthuilana Brechlin, 2020 + Cc, Hu, Pu TL; BC-RBP 10976 Brechlin 2020f; ANDES-E, CRBP
Gamelia pyrrhomelas (Walker, 1855) + Cu TL Walker 1855b; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002
Gamelia ristolima Brechlin, 2018 + An, Cl, Ri, To TL; BC-RBP 8020 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as G. neidhoeferi; Brechlin 2018k; CRBP
Gamelia rubriluna (Walker, 1862) By, Cc, Cn, Me, Pu BC-RBP 6182 CRBP
Gamelia rudloffi Brechlin & Meister, 2012 An, Cu, Ma, St BC-RBP 4059 Brechlin and Meister 2012b; CRBP
Gamelia rudloffiana Brechlin, 2018 Ch CRBP
Gamelia salerona Brechlin, 2020 + Ch TL; BC-RBP 11316 Brechlin 2020f; CRBP
Gamelia samana Brechlin & Comoglio, 2023 + Cl TL; BC-RBP 12406 Brechlin and Comoglio 2023a; CRBP
Gamelia santboyacensis Brechlin, 2018 + By, St TL; BC-RBP 10661 Brechlin 2018k; CRBP
Gamelia tamarae Brechlin & Meister, 2012 Ce, St BC-RBP 10631 Brechlin and Meister 2012b; CRBP
Gamelia tamesisa Brechlin & Comoglio, 2023 + An, Ri TL; BC-RBP 12729 Brechlin and Comoglio 2023a; CRBP
Gamelia tatama Brechlin, 2018 + An, Ri TL; BC-RBP 10465 Brechlin 2018k; ANDES-E, CRBP
Gamelia tatamica Brechlin, 2018 + Ri, Vl TL; BC-RBP 9569 Brechlin 2018k; ANDES-E, CRBP
Gamelia winbrechlini Brechlin, 2018 + Ce, Ma TL; BC-RBP 10210 Brechlin 2018k; CRBP
Gamelia yarumala Brechlin, 2018 + An, Cl TL; BC-RBP 9682 Brechlin 2018k; CRBP
Genus Gamelioides Lemaire, 1988
Gamelioides chrisbrechlinae Brechlin, 2016 + Qu, To TL; BC-RBP 8006 Brechlin 2016e; CRBP
Gamelioides machadoi Brechlin, 2018 + Cl TL; BC-RBP 10648 Brechlin 2018d; CRBP
Gamelioides peggyae Brechlin, 2018 + NS TL; BC-RBP 10748 Brechlin 2018e; CRBP
Gamelioides pinzonica Brechlin, 2016 + By, Cu TL; BC-RBP 8263 Brechlin 2016e: CRBP
Gamelioides sachai Brechlin, Käch & Meister, 2011 Na BC-RBP 12512 Brechlin et al. 2011a; CRBP
Gamelioides sinjaevi Brechlin, 2016 + To TL; BC-RBP 8261 Brechlin 2016e; CRBP
Gamelioides sochensis Brechlin, 2018 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 11169 Brechlin 2018n; CRBP
Gamelioides winbrechlini Brechlin, 2016 + By, Cu TL; BC-RBP 8270 Brechlin 2016e; CRBP
Genus Hylesia Hübner, 1820
Subgenus Darylesia Brechlin, 2022 +
Hylesia (Darylesia) darjardina Brechlin, 2022 + An TL; BC-RBP 12278 Brechlin 2022h; CRBP
Hylesia (Darylesia) daryae Decaëns, Bonilla & Wolfe, 2003 + By TL; BC-RBP 10086 Decaëns et al. 2003a; CRBP
Subgenus Hylesia Hübner, 1820
Hylesia (Hylesia) aencocornex Brechlin & Meister, 2016 + An, By, St TL; BC-RBP 9342 Decaëns et al. 2007 as H. aeneides; Brechlin et al. 2016a; ANDES-E, CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) aeneides aenocciecuadorex Brechlin & Käch, 2016 Na, Vl BC-RBP 7703 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 and Lemaire 2002 as H. aeneides; Brechlin et al. 2016a; ANDES-E, CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) amaloretex Brechlin, Meister & van Schayck, 2016 Am IAvH-E-190366 Brechlin et al. 2016a; Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) anchises Lemaire, 1988 + Vl TL Lemaire 1988a, 2002; Amarillo-Suárez 2000
Hylesia (Hylesia) andcaucex andcaucex Brechlin & Meister, 2016 + Qu, Vl TL; BC-RBP 8764 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) andcaucex andentioquiex Brechlin & Meister, 2016 § An TL; BC-RBP 8977 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) andecuadorex Brechlin & Käch, 2016 By, Hu BC-RBP 9879 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) andmeridex Brechlin & Meister, 2016 St BC-RBP 10715 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) angmetex Brechlin & Meister, 2016 + Me TL; BC-RBP 9803 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) annulata Schaus, 1911 An, Ch, Me, St, Vl BC-RBP 9043 Lemaire 2002; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) antioquiex Brechlin & Meister, 2016 + An, St TL; BC-RBP 10022 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) arianae Brechlin, 2016 Vl BC-RBP 8060 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) ascolombex Brechlin & Meister, 2016 + An, By TL; BC-RBP 8775 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) ascucayalex Brechlin & Meister, 2016 By BC-RBP 10327 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) bouvereti Dognin, 1889 An, By, Cc, Cl, Cu, Ri, St, To, Vl BC-RBP 8236 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Muñoz and Amarillo-Suárez 2010; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) canandex Brechlin & van Schayck, 2016 Am IAvH-E-190405 Brechlin et al. 2016a; Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) caucanex Draudt, 1929 + Cc TL Draudt 1929; Lemaire 2002 as H. coex; Brechlin et al. 2016a; ANDES-E, CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) cesarex Brechlin, 2022 + Ce TL; BC-RBP 10342 Brechlin 2022h; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) colombex Dognin, 1923 + Ch, Vl TL Dognin 1923; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) compandex Brechlin & van Schayck, 2016 By, Ca, Me BC-RBP 8965 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) composita Dognin, 1912 By, Me BC-RBP 8821 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) compsantandex Brechlin & Meister, 2016 + By, St TL; BC-RBP 9596 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) continua colombiana Dognin, 1922 An, By, Cc, Ch, Gj, Ma, Ri, St, Vl BC-RBP 7941 Dognin 1922; Lemaire 2002; Decaëns et al. 2003b, 2007; Amarillo-Suárez 2000 and Muñoz and Amarillo-Suárez 2010 as H. continua; ANDES-E, CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) cotmetex Brechlin & Meister, 2016 + Me TL; BC-RBP 8770 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) dalina Schaus, 1911 An, By, Ce, Ch, Ma, Vl IAvH-E-186772 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) ebalus ebalus (Cramer, 1775) An, By, Cu, Ca, Cc, Me BC-RBP 8966 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) ebalus margarita Dognin, 1901 An, Cc TL; BC-RBP 8671 Dognin 1901; Lemaire 2002; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) fabiani elorex Brechlin, 2016 Vl BC-RBP 10718 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) faunalex Brechlin & Meister, 2016 + Ce, Ma TL; BC-RBP 9223 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) garrochex Brechlin & Meister, 2016 + An TL; BC-RBP 9218 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) gigantex Draudt, 1929 Ch, St, Vl TL; BC-RBP 9589 Draudt 1929; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) gyramazonex Brechlin & Meister, 2016 Me, Pu Lemaire 2002 and Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021 as H. gyrex; Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) ilsantandex Brechlin & Meister, 2016 + An, By, Cu, St TL; BC-RBP 9209 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) indandex Brechlin & Meister, 2016 Am, Me, Pu Lemaire 2002 as H. indurata; Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) invidiosa Dyar, 1914 An, By, Ch, Cu, St BC-RBP 9379 CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) juprex Brechlin & Meister, 2016 + By TL; BC-RBP 8818 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) leilex leilseptentridex Brechlin & Käch, 2016 Cc BC-RBP 11831 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) limonex Brechlin & Käch, 2016 Cc BC-RBP 11835 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) magdalenex Brechlin & Meister, 2016 An, By, Ma BC-RBP 9190 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) medifex Dognin, 1916 + By, Cu, Ma, St TL; BC-RBP 7940 Dognin 1916; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; Decaëns et al. 2007; ANDES-E, CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) melanostigma (Herrich-Schäffer, 1855) Am, By, Ca BC-RBP 9592 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; ANDES-E, CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) metabus (Cramer, 1775) By, Cn, Me BC-RBP 9588 Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) metrex Brechlin & Meister, 2016 By, Me TL; BC-RBP 8819 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) mincex mincex Brechlin & Meister, 2016 § Ce, Ma TL; BC-RBP 8658 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) moronensis Lemaire, 1976 By, Me BC-RBP 8998 CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) moronex Brechlin & Käch, 2016 By, Me BC-RBP 9800 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) murex Dyar, 1913 An, By, Ca, Cc, Me BC-RBP 11836 CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) mymex Dyar, 1913 Cc, Vl TL Dyar 1913; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; Muñoz and Amarillo-Suárez 2010; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) mymsantandex Brechlin, 2022 + By, St TL; BC-RBP 10717 Decaëns et al. 2007 as H. mymex; Brechlin 2022h; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) nigripes Draudt, 1929 + By TL Draudt 1929; Lemaire 2002
Hylesia (Hylesia) olivenca Schaus, 1927 Me Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) olloretex Brechlin & van Schayck, 2016 Ca BC-Dec1637 Brechlin et al. 2016a; Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) palcazua Schaus, 1927 Pu Brechlin and Comoglio 2023e; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) panguanex Brechlin & van Schayck, 2016 Am IAvH-E-190371 Brechlin et al. 2016a; Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) pauppichinchex Brechlin & Käch, 2016 By, Ma BC-RBP 10328 Brechlin et al. 2016a; Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) paupseptentridex Brechlin & van Schayck, 2016 By, Ca, Me BC-RBP 8997 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) praeda Dognin, 1901 Am, By?, Cu?, Me Lemaire 2002; Decaëns et al. 2007; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) praedperuana Brechlin & Meister, 2016 Am IAvH-E-190365 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) praedpichinchensis Brechlin & Käch, 2016 An, Ch, Vl BC-RBP 10016 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002 as H. praeda; Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) remcarabobex Brechlin & van Schayck, 2016 Me BC-RBP 9802 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) rosacea thaumex Draudt, 1929 An, Ch, Vl TL; BC-RBP 9214 Draudt 1929; Lemaire 2002; Decaëns et al. 2003b; Amarillo-Suárez 2000 and Prada-Lara et al. 2019 as H. rosacea; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) rosbaguanex Brechlin, Meister & van Schayck, 2016 Cc BC-RBP 11233 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) roseata Dognin, 1914 By, Cu, Pu, Ri, St, To, Vl BC-RBP 8800 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) rubrifrons rubrifrons Schaus, 1911 An, Vl BC-RBP 10710 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) rubrifrons muzoensis Draudt, 1929 § By, Cu TL Draudt 1929; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002
Hylesia (Hylesia) rubriprocta Bouvier, 1930 + Me TL; BC-RBP 9586 Bouvier 1930; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) santamartex Brechlin, 2022 + Gj, Ma TL; BC-RBP 11232 Brechlin 2022h; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) santboyacex Brechlin & Meister, 2016 + By, Cu, St TL; BC-RBP 9590 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) sucumbex Brechlin & Käch, 2016 Me BC-RBP 9903 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) tapareba tapgarrochex Brechlin & Meister, 2016 § An TL; BC-RBP 9213 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) tapboyacex Brechlin, 2022 + By TL; BC-RBP 10298 Brechlin 2022h; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) tatamex Brechlin & Meister, 2016 + Qu, Ri TL; BC-RBP 9688 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) termoronex Brechlin & Käch, 2016 Me BC-RBP 10543 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) terrocaquetex Brechlin & Comoglio, 2023 + Ca TL; BC-RBP 12810 Brechlin and Comoglio 2023e; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) terrosex Dognin, 1916 Pu Brechlin and Comoglio 2023e; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) tersucumbex Brechlin, 2022 Cc Brechlin 2022h; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) umbrata (Schaus, 1911) An, Ch, Cl, Ma, To, Vl BC-RBP 9771 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; Decaëns et al. 2003b; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) yarumalex Brechlin & Meister, 2016 + An TL; BC-RBP 9217 Brechlin et al. 2016a; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) yuyapichrex Brechlin & Meister, 2016 Cn IAvH-E-190287 Brechlin et al. 2016a; Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021; CRBP
Hylesia (Hylesia) zonex Draudt, 1929 + Cu TL Draudt 1929; Lemaire 2002
Subgenus Micrattacus Walker, 1855
Hylesia (Micrattacus) nanus (Walker, 1855) By, Ca, Ch, Cu, Me, Na, Ri, Vl BC-RBP 8911 Lemaire 2002; Decaëns et al. 2003b; 2007; ANDES-E, CRBP
Genus Hylesiopsis Bouvier, 1929
Hylesiopsis festiva Bouvier, 1929 By, Me, Pu BC-RBP 12662 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; CRBP
Genus Hyperchiria Hübner, 1819 [1816]
Hyperchiria columbiana Brechlin & Meister, 2010 An, By TL; BC-RBP-2268 Brechlin and Meister 2010c; ANDES-E, CRBP
Hyperchiria nausimetensis Brechlin, 2019 + Me TL; BC-RBP 9566 Brechlin 2019f; CRBP
Hyperchiria nausioccidentalis Brechlin & Meister, 2010 Am, Ca, Cc, Me BC-RBP 11224 Brechlin and Meister 2010c; ANDES-E, CRBP
Hyperchiria paracuta Brechlin, 2019 Pu Brechlin 2019f; CRBP
Hyperchiria parallela Brechlin, Käch & Meister, 2011 An, Na BC-RBP 10290 Brechlin et al. 2011b; CRBP
Hyperchiria volcana Brechlin, Käch & Meister, 2011 Vl BC-RBP 10695 Brechlin et al. 2011b; CRBP
Hyperchiria winbrechlini Brechlin, 2019 + Hu TL; BC-RBP 11125 Brechlin 2019f; CRBP
Genus Leucanella Lemaire, 1969
Leucanella altolima Brechlin, 2021 + To TL; BC-RBP 11935 Brechlin 2021c; CRBP
Leucanella apollinairei (Dognin, 1923) + Cn, Me TL; BC-Dec1460 Dognin 1923; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002
Leucanella arcoccidentalis Brechlin, 2022 + Ch, Ri TL; BC-RBP 12416 Brechlin 2022d; CRBP
Leucanella arctioquia Brechlin, 2021 + An TL; BC-RBP 9819 Brechlin 2021c; CRBP
Leucanella arcuata Brechlin & Meister, 2012 Ca BC-RBP 12753 Brechlin and Meister 2012a; CRBP
Leucanella bolanosi Brechlin, Käch & Meister, 2013 Na BC-RBP 12256 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as L. nyctimene; Brechlin 2021c; CRBP
Leucanella bonillensis Decaëns & Rougerie, 2008 + An?, By TL; BC-RBP 9871 Decaëns and Rougerie 2008; ANDES-E, CRBP
Leucanella contempta (Lemaire, 1967) + An, Cl, Qu, Ri, Vl TL; BC-RBP 11947 Lemaire 1966a, 2002; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Brechlin 2021c; ANDES-E, CRBP
Leucanella flammans (Schaus, 1900) Cc, Ch, Na, Vl TL Schaus 1900; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; ANDES-E, CRBP
Leucanella lynx (Bouvier, 1930) Na, Pu BC-RBP 11941 CRBP
Leucanella maandensis Brechlin & Meister, 2011 By, Cn, Me BC-Dec0535 Brechlin and Meister 2011h; CRBP
Leucanella neglecta Brechlin & Meister, 2012 Cc BC-RBP 11246 Brechlin and Meister 2012a; CRBP
Leucanella neomene Brechlin, 2021 + By, Cu, St TL; BC-RBP 11948 Brechlin 2021c; ANDES-E, CRBP
Leucanella nyctimene (Latreille, 1832) + Cu TL; BC-RBP 5407 Latreille 1832; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; Brechlin 2021c; ANDES-E, CRBP
Leucanella nyctimenoides (Lemaire, 1967) By, Ce, Cu, St BC-RBP 11950 Brechlin 2021c; CRBP
Leucanella santamartensis Brechlin, 2021 + Ce TL; BC-RBP 11939 Brechlin 2021c; CRBP
Leucanella tolimaiana Brechlin, 2021 + Ca, Cc, To TL; BC-RBP 8355 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 and Lemaire 2002 as L. nyctimene; Brechlin 2021c; CRBP
Genus Molippa Walker, 1855
Molippa azuelensis Lemaire, 1976 An, Ca, Cl, Hu, Ri, To BC-RBP 8019 CRBP
Molippa basina Maassen & Weyding, 1885 Cn, Cu, Gj, Hu, Ma, Me BC-RBP 8659 CRBP
Molippa flavotegana Brechlin & Meister, 2011 By, Ch, Ma, Ri, St, Vl BC-RBP 8967 Decaëns et al. 2003b, 2007, and Prada-Lara et al. 2019 as M. nibasa; Brechlin and Meister 2011a; ANDES-E, CRBP
Molippa intermediata Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Am, Ca BC-Dec1592 Brechlin and Meister 2011a; CRBP
Molippa latcolombiana Brechlin, 2021 + An, By, St TL; BC-RBP 9264 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as M. latemedia; Brechlin 2021a; CRBP
Molippa latemedia (Druce, 1890) Ca, Me, Pu BC-RBP 6349 Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005; CRBP
Molippa placnapoana Brechlin & Meister, 2014 Cc BC-RBP 11223 Brechlin and Meister 2014a; CRBP
Molippa simandensis Brechlin, 2021 Am, Ca BC-Dec1695 Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005 as “Molippa sp. near simillima”; Brechlin 2021a; CRBP
Molippa tusina (Schaus, 1921) Ch, Na, Vl BC-RBP 12663 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; CRBP
Molippa vladislavi Brechlin & Meister, 2014 Pu TL; BC-RBP 6348 Brechlin and Meister 2014a; CRBP
Genus Pseudautomeris Lemaire, 1967
Pseudautomeris antioquia (Schaus, 1921) + An TL; BC-RBP 8672 Schaus 1921; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; CRBP
Pseudautomeris chocensis Brechlin & Meister, 2013 + Ch TL; BC-RBP 4883 Decaëns et al. 2003b as P. irene; Brechlin et al. 2013f; CRBP
Pseudautomeris frontino Brechlin, 2022 + An TL; BC-RBP 12264 Brechlin 2022f; CRBP
Pseudautomeris horsti Brechlin & Meister, 2013 Ca, Cc BC-RBP 10985 Brechlin et al. 2013f; CRBP
Pseudautomeris lata (Conte, 1906) Cc, Cu, Pu CRBP
Pseudautomeris rudloffi rudecuatorialis Brechlin, 2016 Ch BC-RBP 11317 Brechlin 2016d; CRBP
Pseudautomeris salmcolombiana Brechlin, 2016 Cu TL; BC-RBP 3270 Brechlin 2016d; CRBP
Pseudautomeris ubalensis Brechlin, 2018 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 11196 Brechlin 2018l; CRBP
Pseudautomeris winbrechlini Brechlin, 2016 Ch, Na, Vl BC-RBP 10694 Amarillo-Suárez 2000, Lemaire 2002, and Decaëns et al. 2003b as P. antioquia; Brechlin 2016d; CRBP
Subtribe Hemileucina Grote & Robinson, 1866
Genus Cerodirphia Michener, 1949
Cerodirphia candida Lemaire, 1969 + Ch, Ma, Vl TL; BC-RBP 10618 Lemaire 1969; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2003b; Prada-Lara et al. 2019; ANDES-E, CRBP
Cerodirphia fabiani Brechlin, 2016 + An TL; BC-RBP 8675 Brechlin 2016a; CRBP
Cerodirphia flammans Lemaire, 1973 Ch, Vl TL Lemaire 1972; Amarillo-Suárez 2000
Cerodirphia frontino Brechlin, 2022 + An TL; BC-RBP 12272 Brechlin 2022j; ANDES-E, CRBP
Cerodirphia gachala Brechlin, 2017 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 9329 Brechlin 2017h; CRBP
Cerodirphia giustii Brechlin, 2018 + An, Ri, To? TL; BC-RBP 8257 Lemaire 2002 as C. mota; Brechlin 2018f; ANDES-E, CRBP
Cerodirphia kaechi Brechlin, 2016 Na BC-RBP 12640 Brechlin and Comoglio 2023g; CRBP
Cerodirphia kattyana Brechlin, 2022 Pu Brechlin 2022j; CRBP
Cerodirphia mota (Druce, 1909) + Vl TL Druce 1909; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002
Cerodirphia motcaquetana Brechlin & Comoglio, 2023 + Ca TL; BC-RBP 12619 Brechlin and Comoglio 2023g; CRBP
Cerodirphia motcaucensis Brechlin, 2018 + Vl TL; BC-RBP 10625 Brechlin 2018f; CRBP
Cerodirphia motfrontino Brechlin & Comoglio, 2023 + An TL; BC-RBP 12342 Brechlin and Comoglio 2023g; CRBP
Cerodirphia mothuilana Brechlin, 2018 + Hu TL; BC-RBP 10994 Brechlin 2018h; CRBP
Cerodirphia motjardina Brechlin, 2022 + An TL; BC-RBP 12343 Brechlin 2022j; CRBP
Cerodirphia motpeggyae Brechlin, 2022 + An TL; BC-RBP 12279 Brechlin 2022j; CRBP
Cerodirphia pachona (Draudt, 1929) + Cu, St TL; BC-RBP 8280 Draudt 1929; Lemaire 2002; Brechlin 2016a; CRBP
Cerodirphia puracana Brechlin, 2018 + Hu TL; BC-RBP 11187 Brechlin 2018h; CRBP
Cerodirphia roseamazonica Brechlin & Meister, 2011 By, Cn, Me BC-RBP 11654 Brechlin 2011; CRBP
Cerodirphia siriae Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Am, Ca, Cu, Pu BC-RBP 3257 Lemaire 2002 and Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005 as C. speciosa; Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005 as C. brunnea; Brechlin 2011; CRBP
Cerodirphia zulemae Decaëns & Rougerie, 2008 + By, St TL; BC-RBP 9391 Decaëns and Rougerie 2008; CRBP
Genus Dirphia Hübner, 1819 [1816]
Dirphia abhorca Lemaire, 1969 + Na, Vl TL; BC-RBP 10617 Lemaire 1969; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; CRBP
Dirphia aculecuatoriana Brechlin, Meister & Käch, 2011 Cc, Cu, Me, Pu BC-RBP 8294 Brechlin and Meister 2011d; CRBP
Dirphia antkozlovi Brechlin, 2022 + By, Cn TL; BC-RBP 12291 Brechlin 2022k; CRBP
Dirphia avichoco Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Ch TL; BC-FMP-0278 Decaëns et al. 2003b as D. avia; Brechlin and Meister 2011d; CRBP
Dirphia aviluisiana Brechlin & Meister, 2011 + An, By, Cu, Hu, St TL; BC-RBP 3772 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as D. avia; Brechlin and Meister 2011d; ANDES-E, CRBP
Dirphia avinapoana Brechlin, Meister & Käch, 2011 By, Ca, Cc BC-RBP 12114 Brechlin and Meister 2011d; CRBP
Dirphia aviurica Brechlin & Meister, 2011 An, By, Ma, Me, Vl BC-RBP 3768 Brechlin and Meister 2011d; ANDES-E, CRBP
Dirphia brevifurca Strand, 1911 Cc, Pu CRBP
Dirphia carimaguensis Decaëns, Bonilla & Naumann, 2005 + Cn, Me TL; BC-FMP-0309 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as D. tarquinia; Decaëns et al. 2004a; CRBP
Dirphia concolor Walker, 1855 Cn, Gv, Me PCG6 Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021 as D. avia; ANDES-E, CRBP
Dirphia crassgachala Brechlin, 2017 + By, Cu TL; BC-RBP 10030 Brechlin 2017j; ANDES-E, CRBP
Dirphia diana Brechlin, 2017 + An TL; BC-RBP 8643 Brechlin 2017j; CRBP
Dirphia fraterna (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1874) Am, Ca, Hu, Me, Pu BC-RBP 11899 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005; CRBP
Dirphia fratmetana Brechlin, 2021 + Me TL; BC-RBP 11815 Brechlin 2021h; CRBP
Dirphia guacana Brechlin, 2020 + St TL; BC-RBP 10655 Brechlin 2020b; CRBP
Dirphia jardina Brechlin, 2021 + An TL; BC-RBP 12277 Brechlin 2021h; CRBP
Dirphia ludmillae Lemaire, 1974 + Ch, Vl TL; BC-RBP 10616 Lemaire 1974, 2002; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2003b; CRBP
Dirphia ludyarumala Brechlin, 2017 + An, Cl, Ri TL; BC-RBP 8652 Brechlin 2017j; ANDES-E, CRBP
Dirphia nora (Druce, 1897) Ch BC-Dec0916 CRBP
Dirphia pacifica Lemaire, 1981 + Ch, Vl TL; BC-RBP 12292 Lemaire 1981, 2002; Brechlin 2022k; ANDES-E, CRBP
Dirphia panamensis (Schaus, 1921) Gj, Hu, Pu BC-RBP 11639 Lemaire 2002; CRBP
Dirphia radandensis Brechlin, 2017 Am, Pu BC-RBP 12507 Brechlin 2017j; CRBP
Dirphia radinirida Brechlin & Comoglio, 2023 + Gn TL; BC-RBP 12515 Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021 as D. radiata; Brechlin and Comoglio 2023d; ANDES-E, CRBP
Dirphia santboyacensis Brechlin, 2017 + By, St TL; BC-RBP 8010 Brechlin 2017j; ANDES-E, CRBP
Dirphia somniculosa (Cramer, 1777) By, Cu, Ma, NS BC-RBP 8996 Lemaire 2002; Decaëns et al. 2007; ANDES-E, CRBP
Dirphia somoccidentalis Brechlin, Käch & Meister, 2013 Ch, Vl BC-Dec0930 Lemaire 2002, Decaëns et al. 2003b, and Prada-Lara et al. 2019 as D. somniculosa; Brechlin et al. 2013e; CRBP
Dirphia subhorca Dognin, 1901 Ch, Na, Vl BC-Dec0738 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; CRBP
Dirphia tarquinia (Cramer, 1775) Gn ANDES-E
Dirphia thliptophana (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1874) Am, Ca, Hu, Me, Pu BC-RBP 11816 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; CRBP
Dirphia tolimafurca Brechlin & Meister, 2011 + Ca, Hu, To TL; BC-RBP 3234 Brechlin and Meister 2011d; CRBP
Dirphia yarumala Brechlin, 2017 + An, Cl, Ri TL; BC-RBP 8653 Brechlin 2017j; CRBP
Genus Dirphiella Michener, 1949
Dirphiella niobe (Lemaire, 1978) Na? Lemaire 2002
Genus Dirphiopsis Bouvier, 1928
Dirphiopsis flora (Schaus, 1911) Cc, Ch, Na, Vl BC-RBP 10697 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2003b; CRBP
Dirphiopsis orientalis Lemaire, 1976 By, Ca, Cc, Pu BC-RBP 11225 Decaëns et al. 2007 as D. flora; CRBP
Dirphiopsis pulchriboyacensis Brechlin & Meister, 2018 + By, Cu TL; BC-RBP 9204 Brechlin and Meister 2018; CRBP
Dirphiopsis pulchventanas Brechlin & Meister, 2019 + St TL; BC-RBP 10778 Brechlin and Meister 2018; CRBP
Dirphiopsis rotenbergi Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Me BC-RBP 9997 Brechlin and Meister 2011e; CRBP
Genus Meroleuca Packard, 1904
Subgenus Dihirpa Draudt, 1929
Meroleuca (Dihirpa) campanario Brechlin, 2018 + Hu, To TL; BC-RBP 8262 Brechlin 2018p; CRBP
Meroleuca (Dihirpa) frontino Brechlin, 2021 + An TL; BC-RBP 12238 Brechlin 2021m; ANDES-E, CRBP
Meroleuca (Dihirpa) litura (Walker, 1855) + By, Cu, St TL; BC-RBP 8245 Walker 1855b; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; ANDES-E, CRBP
Meroleuca (Dihirpa) ristolima Brechlin, 2018 + An, Ri, To TL; BC-RBP 9892 Brechlin 2018p; ANDES-E, CRBP
Subgenus Meroleuca Packard, 1904
Meroleuca (Meroleuca) lituroides (Bouvier, 1929) + By, Cu TL Bouvier 1929; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002
Meroleuca (Meroleuca) nigra (Dognin, 1913) + Cu TL; BC-RBP 12614 Dognin 1913; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; CRBP
Meroleuca (Meroleuca) venosa (Walker, 1855) + Cu, St TL Walker 1855b; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002
Subgenus Meroleucoides Michener, 1949
Meroleuca (Meroleucoides) amarillae Lemaire & Wolfe, 1995 + By, St TL; BC-RBP 8009 Lemaire and Wolfe 1995; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; CRBP
Meroleuca (Meroleucoides) belmirana Brechlin, 2021 + An TL; BC-RBP 12241 Brechlin 2021m; CRBP
Meroleuca (Meroleucoides) cabrera Brechlin, 2018 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 10090 Brechlin 2018i; CRBP
Meroleuca (Meroleucoides) cabreroides Brechlin, 2018 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 10825 Brechlin 2018c; CRBP
Meroleuca (Meroleucoides) dargei Lemaire, 1982 + St TL Lemaire 1982, 2002; Amarillo-Suárez 2000
Meroleuca (Meroleucoides) fabiani Brechlin, 2018 + Pu TL; BC- RBP 10981 Brechlin 2018c; CRBP
Meroleuca (Meroleucoides) fassli Lemaire, 1995 + Cl, To TL; BC-RBP 8274 Lemaire 1995, 2002; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2004b as M. diazmaurini; CRBP
Meroleuca (Meroleucoides) fassvicente Brechlin, 2018 + An, Cl, Ri TL; BC-RBP 8327 Brechlin 2018i; CRBP
Meroleuca (Meroleucoides) flavodiscata (Dognin, 1916) + To TL Dognin 1916; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002
Meroleuca (Meroleucoides) guanacasa Brechlin, 2023 + Cc TL; BC-RBP 12269 Brechlin 2023g; CRBP
Meroleuca (Meroleucoides) elcarmenensis Brechlin & Comoglio, 2023 + Ch TL Brechlin and Comoglio 2023b; CRBP
Meroleuca (Meroleucoides) machadoi Brechlin, 2018 + Qu, Vl TL; BC-RBP 9321 Brechlin 2018i; CRBP
Meroleuca (Meroleucoides) manizalesa Brechlin, 2020 + An, Cl TL; BC-RBP 11669 Brechlin 2020h; CRBP
Meroleuca (Meroleucoides) marmolana Brechlin, 2018 + Hu TL; BC-RBP 11176 Brechlin 2018c; CRBP
Meroleuca (Meroleucoides) marquezae Brechlin, 2018 + By, Cu TL; BC-RBP 9040 Brechlin 2018i; CRBP
Meroleuca (Meroleucoides) naias (Bouvier, 1929) + Cu TL Bouvier 1929; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002
Meroleuca (Meroleucoides) perijana Brechlin & Comoglio, 2023 + Ce TL; BC-RBP 12615 Brechlin and Comoglio 2023b; CRBP
Meroleuca (Meroleucoides) pinzonica Brechlin, 2018 + By TL; BC-RBP 8326 Brechlin 2018i; CRBP
Meroleuca (Meroleucoides) puracana Brechlin, 2020 + Cc TL; BC-RBP 11809 Brechlin 2020h; CRBP
Meroleuca (Meroleucoides) rectilineata Lemaire & Venedictoff, 1989 Na BC-RBP 12513 CRBP
Meroleuca (Meroleucoides) soata Brechlin, 2018 + By TL; BC-RBP 10566 Brechlin 2018i; CRBP
Meroleuca (Meroleucoides) sochensis Brechlin, 2018 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 11168 Brechlin 2018c; CRBP
Meroleuca (Meroleucoides) urrao Brechlin & Comoglio, 2023 + An TL Brechlin and Comoglio 2023b; CRBP
Genus Paradirphia Michener, 1949
Paradirphia antonia (Dognin, 1911) + Vl TL; BC-RBP 10619 Dognin 1911a; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; CRBP
Paradirphia cabrera Brechlin & Meister, 2017 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 10099 Brechlin and Meister 2017; ANDES-E, CRBP
Paradirphia caldas Brechlin & Meister, 2017 + Cl, Ri TL; BC-FMP-0347 Brechlin and Meister 2017; CRBP
Paradirphia cavichensis Brechlin & Meister, 2017 + By TL; BC-RBP 10375 Decaëns et al. 2007 as P. oblita; Brechlin and Meister 2017; CRBP
Paradirphia cundala Brechlin, 2022 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 10999 Brechlin 2022a; CRBP
Paradirphia florenciana Brechlin & Comoglio, 2023 + Ca TL; BC-RBP 12813 Brechlin and Comoglio 2023f; CRBP
Paradirphia frontino Brechlin, 2022 + An TL; BC-RBP 12263 Brechlin 2022a; CRBP
Paradirphia gencarchensis Brechlin, 2022 Na BC-RBP 12658 Brechlin 2022a; Brechlin and Comoglio 2023f; CRBP
Paradirphia jardina Brechlin, 2022 + An TL; BC-RBP 12307 Brechlin 2022a; CRBP
Paradirphia neivana Brechlin, 2022 + Ca, Hu TL; BC-RBP 11198 Brechlin 2022a; Brechlin and Comoglio 2023f; CRBP
Paradirphia pitalitana Brechlin, 2022 + Hu TL; BC-RBP 11185 Brechlin 2022a; CRBP
Paradirphia santander Brechlin & Meister, 2017 + St TL; BC-RBP 10059 Brechlin and Meister 2017; CRBP
Paradirphia tatama Brechlin & Meister, 2017 + Ri TL; BC-RBP 9575 Brechlin and Meister 2017; CRBP
Paradirphia tolima Brechlin & Meister, 2017 + An, To TL; BC-RBP 12392 Brechlin and Meister 2017; CRBP
Paradirphia winbrechlini Brechlin, 2018 + Ce TL; BC-RBP 10650 Brechlin 2018g; CRBP
Genus Periphoba Hübner, 1820
Periphoba carbajal Brechlin, 2019 Pu CRBP
Periphoba cesar Brechlin, 2019 + Ce TL; BC-RBP 10476 Brechlin et al. 2019b; CRBP
Periphoba guajira Brechlin, 2019 + Gj TL; BC-RBP 10477 Brechlin et al. 2019b; CRBP
Periphoba huaticocha Brechlin, 2019 Ca, Me BC-Dec1772 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as P. hircia; Brechlin et al. 2019b; CRBP
Periphoba nigra (Dognin, 1901) Ch, Na, Vl Lemaire 2002; CRBP
Periphoba rudloffi Brechlin & Meister, 2010 Ch BC-FMP-0243 Brechlin and Meister 2010d; CRBP
Periphoba tolimaiana Brechlin & Meister, 2010 + An, By, Ma, St TL; BC-RBP 3791 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 and Decaëns et al. 2007 as P. arcaei; Brechlin and Meister 2010d; CRBP
Periphoba trincheras Brechlin, Meister & van Schayck, 2019 Cn, Me BC-FMP-0237 Brechlin et al. 2019b; CRBP
Genus Pseudodirphia Bouvier, 1928
Pseudodirphia agandensis Brechlin, Meister & Käch, 2011 Am, Pu Brechlin and Meister 2011g; CRBP
Pseudodirphia agiyungana Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Am IAvH-E-190354 Brechlin and Meister 2011g
Pseudodirphia andicoloides Brechlin, Meister & Käch, 2011 Pu Brechlin and Meister 2011g; CRBP
Pseudodirphia angulata Bouvier, 1929 + Ca, Cn, Me TL; BC-RBP 12215 Bouvier 1929; Lemaire 2002; CRBP
Pseudodirphia beckei Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Cn, Me BC-Dec0770 Brechlin and Meister 2011g; CRBP
Pseudodirphia bireyarumala Brechlin, 2018 + An TL; BC-RBP 9331 Brechlin 2018j; CRBP
Pseudodirphia bonitala Brechlin, 2018 Pu Brechlin 2018j; CRBP
Pseudodirphia bucaramangana Brechlin, 2018 + St TL; BC-RBP 10614 Brechlin 2018j; CRBP
Pseudodirphia cesar Brechlin, 2018 + Ce TL; BC-RBP 10615 Brechlin 2018j; CRBP
Pseudodirphia comoglioi Brechlin, 2023 + Vl TL; BC-RBP 12638 Brechlin 2023h; CRBP
Pseudodirphia concava Bouvier, 1929 + By, Me TL; BC-RBP 8668 Bouvier 1929; Brechlin 2018j; CRBP
Pseudodirphia conjuncta Lemaire, 2002 + An, By, Cu, Ma, St TL; BC-RBP 4280 Lemaire 2002; CRBP
Pseudodirphia cupripuncta Lemaire, 1982 + Cc, Ch, Vl TL; BC-Dec0777 Lemaire 1982, 2002; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2003b; CRBP
Pseudodirphia ecandides Brechlin, 2018 Cc BC-RBP 11220 Brechlin 2018j; CRBP
Pseudodirphia ecoccidides Brechlin, Meister & Käch, 2011 Pu BC-RBP 4330 Brechlin and Meister 2011g; CRBP
Pseudodirphia florenciacola Brechlin, 2023 + Ca TL; BC-RBP 12780 Brechlin 2023h; CRBP
Pseudodirphia gachacola Brechlin, 2018 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 9327 Brechlin 2018j; CRBP
Pseudodirphia gachala Brechlin, 2021 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 11389 Brechlin 2021b; CRBP
Pseudodirphia imperialis (Draudt, 1930) + Ch TL; BC-Dec0790 Draudt 1929; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2003b; CRBP
Pseudodirphia incaquetana Brechlin, 2023 + Ca TL; BC-RBP 12647 Brechlin 2023h; CRBP
Pseudodirphia infuscata (Bouvier, 1924) + Cu?, Me? TL Bouvier 1924; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002
Pseudodirphia inhuilana Brechlin, 2018 + Cc, Hu TL; BC-RBP 10993 Brechlin 2018j; CRBP
Pseudodirphia inputumayana Brechlin, 2018 + Pu TL; BC-RBP 10975 Brechlin 2018j: CRBP
Pseudodirphia leticiana Brechlin, 2021 + Am TL; BC-RBP 11898 Brechlin 2021b; CRBP
Pseudodirphia medinensis (Draudt, 1930) + Cu TL Draudt 1929; Lemaire 2002
Pseudodirphia menander reducta (Hering, 1925) Cc, Ch, Cl, Na, Vl TL; BC-RBP 10948 Hering and Hopp 1925; Lemaire 2002; Amarillo-Suárez 2000, Decaëns et al. 2003b, and Muñoz and Amarillo-Suárez 2010 as P. menander; ANDES-E, CRBP
Pseudodirphia menander santander Brechlin, 2018 § St TL; BC-RBP 9202 Brechlin 2018j; CRBP
Pseudodirphia obcaucana Brechlin, 2023 + Cc TL; BC-RBP 12200 Brechlin 2023h; CRBP
Pseudodirphia obecuatoriana Brechlin, Meister & Käch, 2011 Pu Brechlin and Meister 2011g; CRBP
Pseudodirphia pallida (Walker, 1865) + An, Gj, Hu, To TL; BC-RBP 8347 Walker 1865; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021 as P. convexa; CRBP
Pseudodirphia palmarensis Brechlin, 2018 + By TL; BC-RBP 8011 Brechlin 2018j; CRBP
Pseudodirphia parfuscata Brechlin, Meister & Käch, 2011 Cc BC-RBP 11216 Brechlin and Meister 2011g; CRBP
Pseudodirphia regia regia (Draudt, 1930) Ch, Na, Vl TL; BC-RBP 12665 Draudt 1929; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; CRBP
Pseudodirphia septentrides Brechlin, Meister & Käch, 2011 Pu Brechlin and Meister 2011g; CRBP
Pseudodirphia sinuosa Lemaire, 2002 An, By, Cl, Cu, Ma, St, To, Vl TL; BC-RBP 12463 Lemaire 2002; Amarillo-Suárez 2000 and Decaëns et al. 2007 as P. agis; CRBP
Pseudodirphia sucumbioscola Brechlin, 2018 Cc BC-RBP 11217 Brechlin 2018j; CRBP
Pseudodirphia uniseptentrionalis Brechlin, Meister & Käch, 2011 Cc, Cu, Me BC-RBP 8330 Brechlin and Meister 2011g; CRBP
Pseudodirphia ventanita Brechlin, 2018 + An, Cl, Vl TL; BC-RBP 9332 Brechlin 2018j; CRBP
Pseudodirphia yarumacola Brechlin, 2018 + An TL; BC-RBP 10302 Brechlin 2018j; CRBP
Genus Rhodirphia Michener, 1949
Rhodirphia carminata (Schaus, 1902) Cc, Na, Ri, Vl TL; BC-RBP 10565 Schaus 1902; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Muñoz and Amarillo-Suárez 2010; CRBP
Rhodirphia winbrechlini Brechlin, 2017 + An TL; BC-RBP 8651 Brechlin 2017g; CRBP
Genus Winbrechlinia Brechlin, 2016 +
Winbrechlinia grissinjaevi Brechlin, 2018 + Ce TL; BC-RBP 10467 Brechlin 2018m; CRBP
Winbrechlinia kitchingi Brechlin, 2020 + Ma TL; BC-RBP 11428 Brechlin 2020d; CRBP
Winbrechlinia parbrechlini Brechlin, 2018 + Ma TL; BC-RBP 10525 Brechlin 2018m; CRBP
Winbrechlinia shapiroi (Lemaire, 1978) + Ce TL; BC-MNHN0001 Lemaire 1978a, 2002; Amarillo-Suárez 2000
Winbrechlinia sinjaevi Brechlin, 2018 + Ce TL; BC-RBP 10356 Brechlin 2018m; CRBP
Winbrechlinia winbrechlini Brechlin, 2016 + Ma TL; BC-RBP 10208 Brechlin 2016f; CRBP
Tribe Lonomiini Bouvier, 1930
Genus Lonomia Walker, 1855
Lonomia achelous (Cramer, 1777) Am BC-RBP 11959 González et al. 2023; ANDES-E, CRBP
Lonomia canescens Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Pu Brechlin et al. 2011c; CRBP
Lonomia casanarensis Brechlin, 2017 + Cn, Me TL; BC-RBP 8014 Brechlin 2017i; ANDES-E, CRBP
Lonomia cayennensis Brechlin & Meister, 2019 Gn CGR_Lon119 González et al. 2023; ANDES-E
Lonomia columbiana Lemaire, 1972 Na, Vl TL; BC-RBP 12756 Lemaire 1971b, 2002; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; ANDES-E, CRBP
Lonomia descimoni Lemaire, 1972 Am, Me BC-RBP 11958 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; González et al. 2023; ANDES-E, CRBP
Lonomia frontino Brechlin, 2022 An, Ri, Vl TL; BC-RBP 12412 Brechlin 2022e; CRBP
Lonomia laalbania Brechlin, 2017 + Vl TL; BC-RBP 8291 Brechlin 2017i; CRBP
Lonomia minca Brechlin, 2017 + Ma TL; BC-RBP 9174 Brechlin 2017i; ANDES-E, CRBP
Lonomia orientoandensis Brechlin & Meister, 2011 Am, Cn, Me, Pu BC-RBP 8403 Brechlin et al. 2011c; ANDES-E, CRBP
Lonomia orientocordillera Brechlin, Käch & Meister, 2013 Am, Cn, Me BC-Dec0853 Brechlin and Meister 2013f; ANDES-E, CRBP
Lonomia puntarenasiana Brechlin & Meister, 2011 An, By, St BC-RBP 8649 Brechlin et al. 2011c; CRBP
Lonomia rengifoi Brechlin & Käch, 2017 Am, Pu EL7179 Brechlin 2017i; CRBP
Lonomia rufescens Lemaire, 1972 Vl TL; BC-MNHN0244 Lemaire 1971b, 2002; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; CRBP
Lonomia vanschaycki Brechlin, Käch & Meister, 2013 Cc BC-RBP 10987 Brechlin and Meister 2013f; CRBP
Lonomia venezuelensis Lemaire, 1972 An, By, Cl, Cu, Hu, St, To BC-RBP 8655 ANDES-E, CRBP
Genus Periga Walker, 1855
Periga agrio Brechlin & Käch, 2018 Cc BC-RBP 12267 Brechlin 2018q; CRBP
Periga angcaucana Brechlin, 2021 + Ca, Cc TL; BC-RBP 11768 Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005 as P. angulosa; Brechlin 2021f; CRBP
Periga armata (Lemaire, 1973) + Cu TL Lemaire 1973, 2002; Amarillo-Suárez 2000
Periga barragani Brechlin, Meister & Käch, 2013 Na Brechlin 2023k; CRBP
Periga elsa (Lemaire, 1973) + Vl TL Lemaire 1973, 2002; Amarillo-Suárez 2000
Periga extensiva Lemaire, 2002 Cc, Me, Pu BC-RBP 10990 Lemaire 2002; CRBP
Periga gachala Brechlin, 2018 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 9330 Brechlin 2018j; CRBP
Periga galbiparaculata Brechlin, Meister & Käch, 2013 Cc BC-RBP 11903 Brechlin and Meister 2013d; CRBP
Periga guaca Brechlin, 2018 + Ce, St TL; BC-RBP 10658 Brechlin 2018j; CRBP
Periga inexpectata (Lemaire, 1972) + Cu, Gv, Me TL; BC-RBP 12514 Lemaire 1971b, 2002; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; CRBP
Periga intensiva (Lemaire, 1973) + Vl TL Lemaire 1973, 2002; Amarillo-Suárez 2000
Periga kaechi Brechlin, 2018 Na Brechlin 2018j; CRBP
Periga lamercedia Brechlin, Meister & van Schayck, 2013 Am BC-RBP 11960 Brechlin and Meister 2013d; CRBP
Periga mincensis Brechlin, 2018 + Ce, Ma TL; BC-RBP 10311 Brechlin 2018j; CRBP
Periga occidentalis (Lemaire, 1972) + Ch, Vl TL; BC-RBP 10890 Lemaire 1971b, 2002; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2003b; CRBP
Periga pachijalensis Brechlin, Meister & Käch, 2013 Na BC-RBP 12754 Brechlin and Meister 2013d; CRBP
Periga parvibulbacea (Lemaire, 1972) Pu CRBP
Periga parvicaucana Brechlin, 2022 + Cc TL; BC-RBP 11239 Brechlin 2022l; CRBP
Periga parvicitara Brechlin, 2022 + An TL; BC-RBP 12424 Brechlin 2022l; CRBP
Periga perijana Brechlin, 2023 + Ce TL; BC-RBP 12757 Brechlin 2023k; CRBP
Periga prattorum (Lemaire, 1972) Cc, Pu BC-RBP 11238 CRBP
Periga puracana Brechlin, 2020 + Hu TL; BC-RBP 11189 Brechlin 2020g; CRBP
Periga sanmartiniana Brechlin & Meister, 2013 Ca, Me BC-Dec0842 Brechlin and Meister 2013d; Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021 as P. bispinosa; CRBP
Periga santandensis Brechlin, 2018 + By, St TL; BC-RBP 8281 Brechlin 2018j; CRBP
Periga septoccidentalis Brechlin, 2023 + An, Ri, Vl TL; BC-RBP 8186 Brechlin 2023k; CRBP
Periga tatama Brechlin, 2018 + Ch, Ri TL; BC-RBP 9814 Brechlin 2018j, 2023k; CRBP
Subfamily Hirpidinae Rougerie, 2022
Genus Hirpida Draudt, 1930
Hirpida echuilana Brechlin, 2023 Hu BC-RBP 11268 Brechlin 2023f; CRBP
Hirpida gaujoni (Dognin, 1894) An, Ca, Pu, To BC-RBP 8021 Lemaire 2002; ANDES-E, CRBP
Hirpida gauhuilana Brechlin, 2019 + Hu TL; BC-RBP 11178 Brechlin 2019c; CRBP
Hirpida gaurisaraldana Brechlin, 2019 + An, Qu, Ri TL; BC-RBP 9582 Brechlin 2019c; CRBP
Hirpida peggyae Brechlin, 2019 + By, Cu, St TL; BC-RBP 8354 Lemaire 2002 as H. gaujoni; Brechlin 2019c; ANDES-E, CRBP
Hirpida santboyacana Brechlin, 2019 By, St BC-RBP 10649 Brechlin 2019c; CRBP
Hirpida tatama Brechlin, 2019 + Ri TL; BC-RBP 9581 Brechlin 2019c; CRBP
Hirpida yarumala Brechlin, 2019 + An, Vl TL; BC-RBP 9665 Brechlin 2019c; CRBP
Subfamily Oxyteninae Jordan, 1924
Genus Homoeopteryx C. Felder & R. Felder, 1874
Homoeopteryx frontino Brechlin, 2021 + An TL; BC-RBP 12236 Brechlin 2021e; CRBP
Homoeopteryx malecena (Druce, 1886) By BC-RBP 11655 Brechlin 2021e; CRBP
Homoeopteryx pinchcarchensis Brechlin & Käch, 2014 Na, Ri BC-RBP 12633 Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021; CRBP
Genus Oxytenis Hübner, 1819 [1816]
Oxytenis albilunulata albecuatoriana Brechlin & Käch, 2014 An, Ch, Vl BC-RBP 10292 Decaëns et al. 2003b as O. albilunulata; Brechlin et al. 2014; CRBP
Oxytenis albnapoensis Brechlin & Käch, 2014 Am, Cc, Cu, Me Brechlin et al. 2014; ANDES-E, CRBP
Oxytenis bepreoides Brechlin, 2021 By BC-RBP 11802 Brechlin 2021j; CRBP
Oxytenis eppinchcarchensis Brechlin & Käch, 2014 Ri, Vl BC-RBP 9580 Brechlin et al. 2014; CRBP
Oxytenis epsumacensis Brechlin & Käch, 2014 Ca, Cu, Hu, St BC-RBP 8409 Brechlin et al. 2014; CRBP
Oxytenis espichinchensis Brechlin & Käch, 2014 Ch Brechlin et al. 2014; CRBP
Oxytenis gigantea (Druce, 1890) Hu BC-RBP 11128 CRBP
Oxytenis modestia (Cramer, 1780) Am, Ca, Cc, Me BC-Dec1701 Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005; CRBP
Oxytenis modoccidentalis Brechlin & Käch, 2014 An, Ch, Gj, Ma BC-RBP 8373 Brechlin et al. 2014; CRBP
Oxytenis naemia naemia Druce, 1906 Am, By, Ca, Ch, Me, Pu, St BC-RBP 8405 Decaëns et al. 2003b, 2007; CRBP
Oxytenis naemia jordani Brechlin, 2021 Ce, Ch, Ma TL; BC-RBP 10314 Decaëns et al. 2003b and Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021 as O. naemia orecta; Brechlin 2021j; CRBP
Oxytenis nubila nubila Jordan, 1924 St TL; BC-RBP 10035 Jordan 1924; CRBP
Oxytenis nubila nuboroiana Brechlin & Käch, 2014 Vl BC-RBP 10689 Brechlin et al. 2014; CRBP
Oxytenis nubnapoensis Brechlin & Käch, 2014 By, Me BC-RBP 8406 Brechlin et al. 2014; ANDES-E, CRBP
Oxytenis panguana Brechlin & Meister, 2014 Cn IAvH-E-190421 Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005 as O. leda; Brechlin et al. 2014; Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021; CRBP
Oxytenis peregrina perandensis Brechlin & Meister, 2014 Cc BC-RBP 11262 Brechlin et al. 2014; CRBP
Oxytenis plettina Jordan, 1924 Vl BC-RBP 10775 Jordan 1924; CRBP
Oxytenis siriae Brechlin & Käch, 2014 Pu Brechlin et al. 2014; CRBP
Oxytenis spadix Jordan, 1924 Vl BC-RBP 10628 Jordan 1924; CRBP
Oxytenis vanmeraldas Brechlin, 2021 Na BC-RBP 12769 CRBP
Genus Therinia Hübner, 1823
Therinia amphira amphira (Druce, 1890) An, By, Ca, Cc, Me, Pu, St BC-RBP 9176 Jordan 1924; CRBP
Therinia buckleyi buckleyi (Druce, 1890) Am, Ca BC-Dec1685 Jordan 1924; ANDES-E, CRBP
Therinia diffissa (Jordan, 1924) Am, Pu CRBP
Therinia geometraria (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862) By, Cc, Me BC-RBP 9177 Felder and Felder 1862; Jordan 1924; CRBP
Therinia lactucina lactandensis Brechlin & Meister, 2014 Ca, Cc BC-Dec1705 Brechlin and Meister 2014b; CRBP
Therinia sinae Brechlin, 2021 By, Ch, Vl BC-RBP 12228 Brechlin 2021k; CRBP
Therinia terminalis (Jordan, 1924) Ch, Na, Vl BC-RBP 12235 Jordan 1924; CRBP
Therinia transversaria columbiana (Jordan, 1924) By, Cc, Ce, Ma, Me, St TL; BC-RBP 8359 Jordan 1924; Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021 as T. t. transversaria; CRBP
Subfamily Saturniinae Boisduval, 1837
Tribe Attacini Blanchard, 1840
Genus Rothschildia Grote, 1896
Rothschildia altomartensis Brechlin, 2021 + Ce, Ma TL; BC-RBP 10218 Brechlin 2021g; CRBP
Rothschildia arethusa rhodina Jordan, 1911 Hu, Pu Lemaire 1978b; CRBP
Rothschildia aricia aricia (Walker, 1855) By, Cn, Cu TL; BC-RBP 8205 Walker 1855a; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; CRBP
Rothschildia aricia napoecuadoriana Brechlin & Meister, 2010 Hu, Na, To, Vl BC-RBP 8204 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as R. a. aricia; Brechlin and Meister 2010f; CRBP
Rothschildia aurota auroamazonensis Brechlin & Meister, 2013 Me BC-RBP 8339 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as R. aurota; Brechlin and Meister 2013e; CRBP
Rothschildia equatorialis equatorialis Rothschild, 1907 An, Ch, Na, Vl TL; BC-RBP 8340 Decaëns et al. 2003b; ANDES-E, CRBP
Rothschildia equatorialis bogotana Rothschild, 1907, stat. rev., comb. nov. § By, Cu, St TL; BC-RBP 8206 Rothschild 1907; Brechlin 2023l; ANDES-E, CRBP
Rothschildia equatorialis centricolombiana Brechlin, 2023 § An, By, Ma, To TL; BC-RBP 9635 Brechlin 2023l; CRBP
Rothschildia erycina erycina (Shaw, 1796) Am, Ca, Cc, Me RROU00474 ANDES-E, CRBP
Rothschildia erycina nigrescens Rothschild, 1907 An, By, Ch, Gj, Hu, Na BC-RBP 11991 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2003b; ANDES-E, CRBP
Rothschildia hesperus (Linnaeus, 1758) Am, Cc, Pu Amarillo-Suárez 2000; CRBP
Rothschildia inca inccolombiana Brechlin, 2023 § Cc, Cu, Hu, Me TL; BC-RBP 12132 Brechlin 2023l; CRBP
Rothschildia inca incecuatoriana Brechlin, Käch & Meister, 2012 Am BC-RBP 12628 Brechlin and Meister 2012c; CRBP
Rothschildia inccundnamarca Brechlin, 2021 + By, Cu TL; BC-RBP 11998 Brechlin 2021g, 2023l; CRBP
Rothschildia lebeau aroma Schaus, 1905 An, By, Cc, Ce, Ch, Gj, Hu, To, Vl BC-RBP 11979 Amarillo-Suárez 2000, Decaëns et al. 2003b, and 2007 as R. lebeau inca; Calero-Mejía et al. 2014 as R. lebeau (Guérin-Méneville, 1868); CRBP
Rothschildia lebecuatoriana Brechlin, Käch & Meister, 2012 Ch ANDES-E, CRBP
Rothschildia lebtolimaiana Brechlin & Meister, 2012 + By, Cu, St, To TL; BC-RBP 11983 Brechlin and Meister 2012c; ANDES-E, CRBP
Rothschildia meridana Rothschild, 1907 Cu, Me BC-RBP 11987 CRBP
Rothschildia peruviana coxeyi Schaus, 1932 Am, Cc BC-RBP 12670 Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021 as R. peruviana; CRBP
Rothschildia santamartensis Brechlin, 2021 + Ce, Ma TL; BC-RBP 10219 Brechlin 2021g; CRBP
Rothschildia tatama Brechlin, 2021 + An, By, Ri, Vl TL; BC-RBP 9578 Brechlin 2021g; ANDES-E, CRBP
Rothschildia zacateca (Westwood, 1854) By, Cu, Na, Qu, To TL; BC-RBP 8278 Westwood 1853; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Brechlin 2022g; CRBP
Tribe Saturniini Boisduval, 1837
Genus Antheraea Hübner, 1819 [1816]
Subgenus Telea Hübner, 1819 [1816]
Antheraea (Telea) godmani columbiana (Draudt, 1930) § An, By, Ca, Cu, Qu, St TL; BC-RBP 8032 Draudt 1929; Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021; Amarillo-Suárez 2000 and Ramos-Artunduaga et al. 2022 as A. godmani; ANDES-E, CRBP
Genus Copaxa Walker, 1855
Copaxa andensis Lemaire, 1971 + An, Qu, Ri, Vl TL; BC-RBP 10624 Lemaire 1971a; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; CRBP
Copaxa andescens Brechlin & Meister, 2012 Am Brechlin and Meister 2012d; CRBP
Copaxa andorientalis Brechlin & Meister, 2012 Pu BC-RBP 11120 Brechlin and Meister 2012d; CRBP
Copaxa antiollita Brechlin, 2016 + An, By, Cu TL; BC-RBP 10040 Brechlin et al. 2016b; ANDES-E, CRBP
Copaxa apollinairei Lemaire, 1978 By, Cu, St TL; BC-RBP 8012 Lemaire 1978b; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2007; CRBP
Copaxa arianae Brechlin, Käch & Meister, 2013 Ca BC-RBP 12777 Brechlin 2023j; CRBP
Copaxa bachuea Wolfe, 2005 + By, Cu, St TL; BC-RBP 8277 Wolfe 2005; CRBP
Copaxa cabrera Brechlin, 2016 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 10093 Brechlin et al. 2016b; CRBP
Copaxa comoglioi Brechlin, 2023 + Vl TL; BC-RBP 12618 Brechlin 2023j; CRBP
Copaxa dagmarae Brechlin, Meister & van Schayck, 2016 Cl, Na, Qu, To TL; BC-RBP 8015 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as C. semioculata; Brechlin et al. 2016b; ANDES-E, CRBP
Copaxa denhezi Lemaire, 1971 + Vl TL; EL5964 Lemaire 1971a; Amarillo-Suárez 2000
Copaxa frontina Brechlin, 2021 + An TL; BC-RBP 12270 Brechlin 2021l; CRBP
Copaxa gachala Brechlin, 2019 + Cu TL; BC-RBP 11117 Brechlin 2019g; CRBP
Copaxa ignescens Lemaire, 1978, stat. rev. Cc?, Ch, Na, Vl TL Lemaire 1978b; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Muñoz and Amarillo-Suárez 2010; Brechlin et al. 2013d; CRBP
Copaxa litensis Wolfe & Conlan, 2002 By, Ch BC-RBP 11314 CRBP
Copaxa luedtkei Brechlin, 2021 Na, Vl BC-RBP 10705 Brechlin 2021k; ANDES-E, CRBP
Copaxa machadoi Brechlin, 2016 + An, Ca, Cl, Hu TL; BC-RBP 8650 Brechlin et al. 2016b, Brechlin 2023j; ANDES-E, CRBP
Copaxa marquezae Brechlin, 2016 + By, St TL; BC-RBP 8249 Brechlin et al. 2016b; CRBP
Copaxa metescens Brechlin & Meister, 2016 By, Cn, Cu, Me TL; BC-RBP 9982 Brechlin et al. 2016b; ANDES-E, CRBP
Copaxa navalle Brechlin, 2023 + Na, Vl TL; BC-RBP 12623 Brechlin 2023j; CRBP
Copaxa niepelti Draudt, 1929 By, Ce, Cu, Gj, Hu, Ma, St, To, Vl TL Draudt 1929; CRBP
Copaxa parexpandens Brechlin, 2016 Cu, Me, St BC-RBP 8645 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as C. expandens; Brechlin et al. 2016b; CRBP
Copaxa rufinans rufstralica Brechlin & Meister, 2016 Ch BC-FMP-2383 Amarillo-Suárez 2000, Decaëns et al. 2003b, and 2007 as C. rufinans; Brechlin et al. 2016b; CRBP
Copaxa rufotincta Rothschild, 1895 An, Ch, Cl, Na, Ri, To, Vl BC-RBP 9813 Amarillo-Suárez 2000, Decaëns et al. 2003b, and Muñoz and Amarillo-Suárez 2010 as C. multifenestrata; ANDES-E, CRBP
Copaxa sapatoza (Westwood, 1854) + By, Cu, NS TL; BC-RBP 4126 Westwood 1853; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Wolfe et al. 2003b; ANDES-E, CRBP
Copaxa satellita Walker, 1865 + By, Ce, St TL; BC-RBP 8247 Walker 1865; Decaëns et al. 2007; CRBP
Copaxa semioculata (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1874) By, Cu BC-RBP 8024 Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Wolfe et al. 2003a; Wolfe 2005; Brechlin 2023a; CRBP
Copaxa simoni Brechlin, Käch & Meister, 2011 Na, To BC-RBP 11656 Brechlin and Meister 2011b; CRBP
Copaxa simson simson Maassen & Weymer, 1881 An, By BC-RBP 12399 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 and Decaëns et al. 2007 as C. simson; CRBP
Copaxa simson bireni Bénéluz, 2008 Cn, Me, St BC-Dec1450 Amarillo-Suárez 2000 as C. simson; CRBP
Copaxa sumacensis Brechlin & Rimkus-Handschug, 2016 Ca, Cc, Hu BC-RBP 11145 Brechlin et al. 2016b; CRBP
Copaxa svetlanae Brechlin, 2018 + Ca, Hu TL; BC-RBP 10970 Brechlin 2018o, 2023a; CRBP
Copaxa troetschi Druce, 1886 An, By, Ce, Cu, Gj, Hu, Ma, St, To, Vl BC-RBP 3175 ANDES-E, CRBP
Copaxa urrao Brechlin, 2021 + An TL; BC-RBP 12274 Brechlin 2021l; CRBP
Copaxa virgensis Brechlin, 2016 + By TL; BC-RBP 9631 Brechlin et al. 2016b; CRBP
Copaxa wernermeisteri Brechlin & Meister, 2010 Vl KLWBC-078 Brechlin and Meister 2010b
Copaxa winbrechliniani Brechlin, 2016 + Ma TL; BC-RBP 8646 Brechlin et al. 2016b; CRBP
Copaxa witti Brechlin, Käch & Meister, 2013 Ch, Na, Vl BC-RBP 10704 Brechlin et al. 2013d; CRBP
Copaxa yarumala Brechlin, 2016 + An TL; BC-RBP 9583 Brechlin et al. 2016b; CRBP

Discussion

We discuss the taxonomic changes proposed in this review, the current distribution of some Colombian taxa, taxa excluded from the updated checklist, and those with potential distribution in Colombia but not yet confirmed for the country. Finally, the results of the previous checklists of the Colombian Saturniidae are contrasted and discussed.

Taxonomic changes

Racheli and Racheli (1998) described a subspecies of Arsenura thomsoni Schaus, 1906 that is now raised to full species status: Arsenura lemairei L. Racheli & T. Racheli, 1998, stat. nov. It is possible to separate this taxon from thomsoni by external morphology: the outer hindwing margins are smoother in A. thomsoni and notched in A. lemairei. The two species also have different distributions. Only A. lemairei was found in Colombia, in the eastern plains (Cn), and it was also reported in northwestern Brazil, northeastern Ecuador (Racheli and Racheli 2006), and northern Peru (type locality: Loreto). In contrast, A. thomsoni is a Guiano-Amazonian species distributed in the Guianas (type locality: Omai, Guyana), Venezuela, and northern Brazil (Lemaire 1980). Molecular evidence also supports this taxonomic change since there is a minimum p-distance of 4.33% between the BINs clustering A. thomsoni (BIN BOLD:AAC8188) and A. lemairei (BIN BOLD:AAC0236).

Lemaire (1980) divided Copiopteryx semiramis (Cramer, 1775) into seven subspecies that range from Mexico to Bolivia. Copiopteryx semiramis banghaasi Draudt, 1930 is known from Central America (Mexico to Nicaragua) and was distinguished by Lemaire (1980: 167) as “easily recognizable by the much paler, yellowish brown, ground color than in all the previous subspecies.” Given the distribution and morphological features provided for C. s. banghaasi, Copiopteryx banghaasi Draudt, 1930, stat. nov. is raised to full species status now. Additionally, according to these new results, the taxon C. semiramis andensis is found to be a subspecies of C. banghaasi and finally treated as Copiopteryx banghaasi andensis (Lemaire, 1974), comb. nov. In summary, three taxa of the genus Copiopteryx are distributed in Colombia: C. banghaasi andensis comb. nov. is mainly found in western Colombia (An, Ch, and Vl), but also in By and St; C. jehovah is reported for Ca, Cn, and Pu; and C. semiramis semiramis is found in southeastern Colombia (Ca, Cu, and Me).

Grammopelta lineata (Schaus, 1906) was reported for By, Ca, Ch, Cu, and Vl (Lemaire 1980; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2003b, 2007), but this species should be restricted to the Guianan region only. Grammopelta cervina Rothschild, 1907, stat. rev. is here reinstated to species status, with its type locality in the southeastern Peruvian department of Puno (Carabaya). This species is now considered to be distributed in the Andean region, from Bolivia to Colombia. Besides biogeographic reasons, the Guianan G. lineata is relatively smaller than the Andean G. cervina, as recognized by Lemaire (1980: 185). Molecular evidence reveals the existence of three BINs, currently identified as G. lineata on BOLD, but here treated as follows. The BIN BOLD:AAC5835 is clustering the actual G. lineata from French Guiana, with a minimum p-distance of 4.86%. At the same time, the BINs BOLD:AAC5833 (Bolivia: La Paz, Peru: Madre de Dios, and Brazil: Pará) and BOLD:AAC5834 (Colombia: Boyacá and Ecuador), with a minimum p-distance of 2.26% and 2.91%, respectively, now refer to G. cervina, stat. rev. It must be noted that the latter BIN (BOLD:AAC5834) refers to the invalid G. convergens (Bouvier, 1928), which is currently a synonym of G. cervina. With its type locality in Colombia (Bogotá), this taxon could also be treated as a subspecies of G. cervina, but no taxonomic change is formally made here.

In addition, Rhescyntis norax Druce, 1897, stat. nov. is removed from its subspecies status with R. hippodamia Druce, 1897 and now raised to full species status. The distribution of R. norax ranges from Mexico to western Colombia and western Ecuador. Consequently, we recognize R. h. colombiana Bouvier, 1927, syn. nov. as a subjective junior synonym of R. norax. Both species, R. hippodamia and R. norax, can be found in Colombia: R. hippodamia in the Amazon region (Am, Ca, and Pu) and R. norax, which tends to be larger, in western Colombia (Ch, Na, Ri, and Vl). Thus, the old records for Ch, Na, and Vl of R. hippodamia (Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Prada-Lara et al. 2019) very likely belong to R. norax.

Bathyphlebia gschwandneri Schawerda, 1925 was considered a junior subjective synonym of B. aglia C. Felder & R. Felder, 1874 by Lemaire (1976b). Because of external differences and features in the male genitalia Bathyphlebia aglia gschwandneri Schawerda, 1925, stat. nov. is here treated as a subspecies of B. aglia. This change mainly stems from its extreme phenotype with a broad white shadow after the black postmedian line, as figured in Naumann et al. (2009: figs 4, 5). It was also noted that “the transverse rugae of the uncus are much weaker” in B. a. gschwandneri, stat. nov. than in B. a. aglia (Oiticica Filho and Michener 1950a).

Rothschildia orizaba bogotana Rothschild, 1907 was previously considered a synonym of R. orizaba equatorialis Rothschild, 1907 by Lemaire (1975). Brechlin and Meister (2012c) raised the latter to species status with its synonym bogotana. However, we again treat Rothschildia equatorialis bogotana Rothschild, 1907, stat. rev., comb. nov. as a subspecies, but now of R. equatorialis with its type locality in Bogotá, Cu. The nominate subspecies is found in western Colombia, with its synonym R. cauca Rothschild, 1907 (Brechlin 2023l).

There are taxonomic confusions within the species group of Copaxa descrescens sensu Brechlin and Meister (2010b). Three species of this group were reported in western Colombia: C. niepelti Draudt, 1929 (type locality: West Colombia, [Valle del Cauca, Dagua], Bellavista), C. ignescens Lemaire, 1978 (type locality: Valle del Cauca, [Dagua, El Queremal, Cerro] Tokio), and C. troetschi Druce, 1886 (type locality: Panama, Chiriquí). Lemaire (1975) treated C. niepelti as a synonym of C. decrescens Walker, 1855, but the latter is restricted to Brazil. Brechlin and Meister (2012d) reinstated C. niepelti as a species and synonymized C. ignescens with the latter. In a conservative way, Copaxa ignescens Lemaire, 1978, stat. rev. is here reinstated to species status. According to genitalia comparison and new molecular studies of material collected near the type locality of C. ignescens, there seems to be a great possibility that C. witti Brechlin, Käch & Meister, 2013 could be a synonym of C. ignescens. Broader distribution is recognized for C. troetschi, and according to preliminary DNA barcoding results, C. niepelti could be a synonym of C. troetschi. To avoid further confusion, in the checklist, this issue is treated as follows: C. witti is very likely a synonym of C. ignescens with its distribution in the Western Cordillera of Colombia (Ch, Na, and Vl) and western Ecuador; C. niepelti is probably a synonym of C. troetschi, and it is widely distributed in Colombia: By, Ce, Cu, Gj, Hu, Ma, St, To, and Vl. However, all names have been preserved, and no synonymy is here formally proposed. The old record for C. ignescens in Cc (Muñoz and Amarillo-Suárez 2010) could not be verified due to the cryptic diversity within this species group. The specimens identified as C. ignescens in the literature (Amarillo-Suárez 1997b, 2000) could not be examined and have no DNA barcodes. Further studies are necessary to clear the correct identifications and boundaries between these closely related species.

Remarks on the checklist

In this checklist (Table 2), the distribution of each taxon is represented by the departments of Colombia where they are found, but this can be ambiguous in some cases since the departments are administrative subdivisions and not geographical units. Consequently, the presence of a given taxon in e.g., Ri may mean it occurs in the Central Cordillera and/or Western Cordillera. Caution should be exercised when extrapolating biogeographic data, as a taxon reported for example from Pu could indicate that it is Andean or Amazonian.

It should be noted that some distribution data reported in the literature are considered doubtful based on recent sampling and taxonomic advances. For example, high-altitude species are restricted to very narrow distribution ranges, while only a few lowland species are considered polytopic and can be found in both eastern and western Colombia. However, the old records could not be verified by direct examination. It must be pointed out that this could prove fruitless if only the external morphology is compared without integrating molecular evidence. The distribution of at least the following taxa, listed in alphabetic order, presents some issues that need to be discussed in depth.

Adeloneivaia acuta (Schaus, 1896) was reported for Ch by Amarillo-Suárez (2000), but this species appears to be restricted to northern and eastern Colombia.

Adelowalkeria caeca Lemaire, 1969 was reported for St by Amarillo-Suárez (2000), but this species is distributed in western Colombia. The old record likely refers to A. winbrechlini.

Antheraea (Telea) godmani columbiana (Draudt, 1930) is here considered as a valid subspecies name since it has been revived by Jiménez-Bolívar et al. (2021: 194) and thus removed from its synonymy with A. godmani (Druce, 1892). However, during this work, specimens from Mexico, Costa Rica, Panama, and Colombia were examined without finding significant or repeated morphological differences between the geographic populations; and neither between the barcodes.

Arsenura armida (Cramer, 1779) was reported for An, By, Ca, Cn, Cu, Ma, Me, Pu, and To departments by Amarillo-Suárez (2000) and Decaëns et al. (2007), but several new taxa were described within this species group (Brechlin and Meister 2010g). The distribution of A. armida is restricted to the Guianan region and was only recently confirmed by molecular evidence for Am, Ca, Cn, and Me in southern and eastern Colombia. Except for these localities, the old records of this species in Colombia must be carefully examined and assigned either to A. archianassa archianassa or A. archianassa venecolombiana.

Arsenura batesii (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1874) was reported for Vl by Amarillo-Suárez (2000), but this species is restricted to eastern Colombia. The old record should refer to A. arcaei.

Arsenura batesii arcaei Druce, 1886 was reported for Cu (Lemaire 1980), but this taxon has been recently raised to species status (Brechlin 2023b) and it seems to be restricted to western Colombia. The old record should refer to A. batesii.

Automeris abdominalis (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1874) was reported for An and Vl (Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002), but this species is only known from the type material, whose origin was assigned to the type locality in “Colombia, Bogotá” (Brechlin 2023c). The identity of this species is doubtful, and probably among A. abdgachala and A. abdsanboyacensis, which are found in Cundinamarca (Brechlin 2023c). It must be noted that much old locality information (e.g., especially by Apollinaire Marie) are unreliable (Lemaire 2002: 897). Only genetic studies of the lectotype of A. abdominalis could clarify this issue (Brechlin 2023c). In light of the description of many species within this complex from western Colombia, the old records should refer to them.

Automeris bilinea (Walker, 1855) was reported for NS (Amarillo-Suárez 2000), but currently, there is only a barcoding evidence of this species from Cn (Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021). Decaëns et al. (2021) showed that this is a cryptic species complex in which the identification could be difficult.

Automeris duchartrei Bouvier, 1936 was reported for By (Decaëns et al. 2007), but this old record likely refers to A. handschugi.

Automeris exigua Lemaire, 1977 was reported for Cu by Amarillo-Suárez (2000), but this species is distributed in western Colombia. The old record likely refers to A. dagmarae.

Automeris hamata Schaus, 1906 was reported for By, Cu, Hu, and Me (Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2007), but this species is restricted to northern and western Colombia. The old records likely refer to A. angulatus.

Automeris janus (Cramer, 1775) was reported for An, By, and Hu, as an Andean species, by Jiménez-Bolívar et al. (2021: 170). By contrast, in footnote 20 (Jiménez-Bolívar et al. 2021: 196), this species was mentioned for Am only (“BIN BOLD:ACF3806”). In fact, there is evidence for this species in BOLD (Sample ID: IavH-E-190356) for Am, although the available image wrongly corresponds to a specimen of A. curvilinea. Additionally, the old record of this species for An (Amarillo-Suárez 2000) is probably a misinterpretation of A. exigua or A. dagmarae which are both found in An.

Automeris occidentorestes Brechlin & Meister, 2011 was reported for Am by Jiménez-Bolívar et al. (2021: 171), but the specimen with barcode (Sample ID in BOLD) IavH-E-190391 likely refers to A. serpina.

Automeris oiticicai Lemaire, 1966 was reported for Cc and Vl (Muñoz and Amarillo-Suárez 2010) in the western Cordillera, so this record is possible but could not be verified without barcode evidence.

Cerodirphia mota (Druce, 1909) was doubtfully reported for To by Lemaire (2002), but this species is probably only distributed in Vl. Thus, the old record may refer to C. giustii.

Citheronia equatorialis Bouvier, 1927 was reported for An, Ca, St, and Vl (Lemaire 1988b; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005). However, this species can be found in southwestern Colombia, at least in Na and very likely in Vl at low and medium elevations, while C. caucensis is found at higher elevations in Vl. The old records for An and St likely refer to C. bellavista.

Copaxa andensis Lemaire, 1971 was reported for By (Decaëns et al. 2007), but this species is restricted to more western parts of Colombia, with its type locality in Vl.

Copaxa semioculata (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1874) was reported for Na and To (Amarillo-Suárez 2000), but this species is restricted to the Eastern Cordillera (Wolfe 2005). The old records probably refer to C. dagmarae (Brechlin et al. 2016b).

Copaxa simson bireni Bénéluz, 2008 was originally described in full species status from French Guiana, and later Bénéluz (2021) treated it as a subspecies of C. simson. At the moment, we treat C. s. simson (TL: Panama) for the more western populations (e.g., BC-RBP 12399 and BC-Dec0584) and C. s. bireni for the eastern ones (e.g., BC-Dec1450 and BC-Dec0604). Further studies are necessary.

Copaxa wernermeisteri Brechlin & Meister, 2010 was described from Mexico (type locality: Chiapas), but this locality is erroneous. The corrected type locality is in western Colombia, Vl.

Dirphia somniculosa (Cramer, 1777) was reported for Ch and Vl (Lemaire 2002; Decaëns et al. 2003b; Prada-Lara et al. 2019), but this species is restricted to eastern Colombia. Thus, the old records for western Colombia very likely belong to D. somoccidentalis.

Dirphiella niobe (Lemaire, 1978) was reported for Na by Lemaire (2002), but the toponym of the collecting site (“Namambi”) and the location of the deposit of the cited specimen are unknown. In addition, recent sampling has not confirmed the presence of this species in the country. The distribution of this species in both the Venezuelan Cordillera de Merida and southwestern Colombian Andes is very unlikely, as well as the assignation of this species to the Mexican genus Dirphiella.

Dirphiopsis flora (Schaus, 1911) was reported for By (Decaëns et al. 2007), but this species is restricted to western Colombia. Therefore, the old record likely refers to D. orientalis.

Erythromeris flexilineata (Dognin, 1911) was reported for By by Lemaire (2002). However, this species is only confirmed at its type locality, Paramo del Quindío, and further south in Vl. Thus, this old record likely refers to E. christbrechlinae.

Gamelia kiefferi Lemaire, 1967 was reported for Cc (Muñoz and Amarillo-Suárez 2010) and Cu (Amarillo-Suárez 2000), but this species is only found near its type locality in Anchicayá, Vl. The old record for Cc is possible but could not be verified recently.

Gamelia pyrrhomelas (Walker, 1855) was reported for Na and Vl (Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002), but this species is only known to us from its type locality near Bogotá, Cu.

Gamelioides sachai Brechlin, Käch & Meister, 2011 is probably a synonym of G. elainae (Lemaire, 1967), according to current studies of this genus (Brechlin 2016e, 2018n), but the DNA study of the female holotype of the latter is needed.

Hirpida gaujoni (Dognin, 1894) was reported for By by Lemaire (2002), but this old record very likely refers to H. peggyae.

Hylesia (Hylesia) mymex Dyar, 1913 was reported for By (Decaëns et al. 2007), but this species is restricted to western Colombia. The old record likely refers to H. (H.) mymsantandex.

Hylesia (Hylesia) olivenca Schaus, 1927 was reported for Ch (Decaëns et al. 2003b), but this species is restricted to eastern Colombia.

Hylesia (Hylesia) praeda Dognin, 1901 was reported for An, Ch, and Vl (Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002), but this species is restricted to eastern Colombia. The old records likely refer to H. (H.) praedpichinchensis.

Leucanella flammans (Schaus, 1900) was reported for Me by Amarillo-Suárez (2000), but this species is restricted to western Colombia.

Leucanella nyctimene (Latreille, 1832) was reported for Cc, Cu, Na, and Ri (Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002). According to recent studies, including the description of several new taxa within this species complex, L. nyctimene is only found in Cu until now (Brechlin 2021c). Thus, the old records of this species for Cc and Ri probably belong to L. tolimaiana, while the record for Na probably refers to L. bolanosi.

Lonomia columbiana Lemaire, 1972 was reported for By and Ma (Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002), but this species is restricted to western Colombia.

Lonomia rufescens Lemaire, 1972 was reported for By (Decaëns et al. 2007), but this species is restricted to western Colombia.

Meroleuca (Meroleucoides) flavodiscata (Dognin, 1916) was reported for Cl and Cu (Lemaire 2002). However, species of this genus are known to have very narrow distributions. Thus, the old records likely refer to other species of this genus.

Molippa latemedia (Druce, 1890) was reported for An by Amarillo-Suárez (2000), but this species is restricted to eastern Colombia. The old record likely refers to M. latcolombiana.

Othorene purpurascens (Schaus, 1905) was reported for Ch, Na, and Vl (Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2003b; Prada-Lara et al. 2019), but this species is a Guiano-Amazonian species that is found in eastern Colombia. The old records likely belong to O. vanschayckorum.

Paradaemonia platydesmia (Rothschild, 1907) was reported for Ch and Vl by Amarillo-Suárez (2000), but these old records likely refer to P. castanea.

Periga occidentalis (Lemaire, 1972) was reported for By and St (Lemaire 2002), but this species is restricted to western Colombia. Additionally, Periga elsa and P. intensiva could be synonyms of P. occidentalis, as discussed by Brechlin (2023k), but no taxonomic change was made herein.

Pseudautomeris antioquia (Schaus, 1921) was reported for Ch, Na, and Vl (Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002; Decaëns et al. 2003b), but this species is endemic to An. The old, more southern records likely refer to P. winbrechlini.

Pseudodirphia infuscata (Bouvier, 1924) was reported for An, Cl, Cu, and Me (type locality) (Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Lemaire 2002), but the identity and distribution of this species are doubtful and need further studies. This species’ type locality does not refer to the collecting site, as explained by Lemaire (2002: 897).

Rothschildia aricia (Walker, 1855) was reported for Na and Vl (Amarillo-Suárez 2000). These old records belong to the subspecies Rothschildia a. napoecuadoriana.

Excluded taxa

The following 94 taxa, listed in alphabetic order, were previously reported for Colombia but are excluded from the current checklist due to recent changes in taxonomy and the descriptions of new species, as well as new findings regarding the distribution ranges of several known taxa.

Adeloneivaia jason (Boisduval, 1872) was reported for Ca, Cc, Ch, Me, and Vl (Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Decaëns et al. 2003b; Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005; Muñoz and Amarillo-Suárez 2010), but this is a complex of species, and A. jason is known to be restricted to Mexico and northern Guatemala (Brechlin 2017b). Several new species of this species complex have been described, so the old records likely refer to them.

Adeloneivaia subangulata (Herrich-Schäffer, 1855) was reported for An, Ca, Ch, Me, and Vl (Lemaire 1988b; Amarillo-Suárez 2000; Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005). However, the old records likely refer to A. pallida, previously considered as a subspecies of A. subangulata and later raised to full species status by Brechlin and Meister (2011c).

Adelowalkeria eugenia (Druce, 1904) was reported for Hu (Lemaire 1988b; Amarillo-Suárez 2000), but this species is restricted to the Guianan region. Therefore, the old record likely refers to either A. bezverkhovi, which is still not confirmed for Colombia, or A. eugenicolombiana (Brechlin and Meister 2011c; Brechlin 2017m).

Adelowalkeria plateada (Schaus, 1905) was reported for Ca (Racheli and Vinciguerra 2005), but this species is restricted to the Guianan region. Therefore, the old record likely refers to A. witti (Brechlin and Meister 2011c).

Automeris amanda Schaus, 1900 was reported for Cu (Amarillo-Suárez 2000), but the nominate subspecies A. a. amanda is known only from southern Peru and Bolivia. The old record likely refers to A. subobscura distributed in the Eastern Cordillera of Colombia at moderate elevations nearby its type locality near Bogotá, Cu (Lemaire 2002).

Automeris banus (Boisduval, 1875) was reported for Ch, Na, and Vl (Amarillo-Suárez 2000), but this species ranges from Mexico to Costa Rica (Brechlin and Meister 2011f). The old records likely refer to A. argentifera, raised to full species status by Brechlin and Meister (2011f).

Automeris banus proxima Conte, 1906 was reported for By (Decaëns et al. 2007). However, this record was initially stated as doubtful by the authors. This subspecies, only known from southwestern Ecuador (Racheli and Racheli 2005), is probably a synonym of A. argentifera, to which the old record likely refers.

Automeris belti Druce, 1886 was reported for Ch (Prada-Lara et al. 2019), but this species is known from Nicaragua (type locality), Honduras, Costa Rica, and northwestern Panama. The old record likely refers to A. zaruma, formerly treated as a subspecies of A. belti, but previously raised to full species status by Brechlin and Meister (2011f).

Automeris celata Lemaire, 1969 was reported for Ch (Decaëns et al. 2003b). However, several new taxa were recently described within this species complex (Brechlin and Meister 2011f). The distribution of A. celata sensu stricto is now known to be restricted to Costa Rica. The old record likely refers to A. choco.

Automeris jivaros Dognin, 1890 was reported for Hu in our unreviewed preprint (Comoglio and Brechlin 2021) and later also cited by Jiménez-Bolívar et al. (2021: 171), but the given evidence (BC-RBP 11131) refers to A. harriamazonica.

Automeris lapaza Brechlin & Meister, 2017 was reported for Me by Jiménez-Bolívar et al. (2021: 171), but this species is only known from the Bolivian department of La Paz. This wrong record is based on a mislabeled specimen (Sample ID [in BOLD]: “BC-FMP-0652”). In the original description of this species by Brechlin et al. (2017), this specimen is listed as a paratype with the correct locality data.