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Research Article
A new species of Auyantepuia González-Sponga, 1978 (Scorpiones, Chactidae) from French Guiana
expand article infoEric Ythier
‡ SynTech Research, La Chapelle de Guinchay, France
Open Access

Abstract

A new species of scorpion belonging to the genus Auyantepuia González-Sponga, 1978 (family Chactidae Pocock, 1893) is described on the basis of three specimens collected in a rainforest formation located in Saut Sabbat, South of Mana, French Guiana. This is the tenth species of the Guiano-Amazonian genus Auyantepuia, and the fifth reported from French Guiana.

Keywords

Scorpiones , Auyantepuia , new species, French Guiana

Introduction

In the present paper, a new species of Auyantepuia is described from a rainforest formation in French Guiana. The great diversity and endemism in the Guiana region has been previously discussed and evidence from scorpion biogeographic patterns has already been used to support the Guiana region as an important area of endemism (Lourenço 1986, 1991, 2001). The description of the new species raises to ten the number of species belonging to the genus Auyantepuia and confirms again the validity of this genus (Lourenço and Qi 2007) and the disrupted and relictual pattern of geographical distribution of the genus, which is confined to the Guiano-Amazon regions, with a strong concentration of the species in the Guayana floristic province (Mori 1991). This also brings further confirmation to the very high levels of endemic species in the Guiana region.

Methods

Measurements and illustrations were made using a Motic DM143 digital stereo-microscope. Measurements follow Stahnke (1970) and are given in mm. Trichobothrial notations are those developed by Vachon (1974) and the morphological terminology mostly follows Hjelle (1990).

Taxonomic treatment

Family Chactidae Pocock, 1893

Auyantepuia González-Sponga, 1978

Revised diagnosis for the genus

Scorpions of small size with a total length of 19 to 28 mm. General coloration reddish-brown to dark brown. Tegument smooth overall. Pedipalp chelal fingers very short, with trichobothria db and esb almost always at the same level; in some species these can be basal to trichobothrium Et5. Trichobothrial pattern of type C; neobothriotaxic ‘majorante’ (Vachon, 1974). Ventral aspect of metasomal segment V with strong granulations distally, which can form an arc.

Composition of the genus Auyantepuia

Auyantepuia scorzai (Dagert, 1957) (Venezuela)

Auyantepuia fravalae Lourenço, 1983 (French Guiana)

Auyantepuia gaillardi Lourenço, 1983 (French Guiana)

Auyantepuia sissomi Lourenço, 1983 (French Guiana)

Auyantepuia parvulus (Pocock, 1893) (Brazil)

Auyantepuia kelleri Lourenço, 1997 (French Guiana)

Auyantepuia mottai Lourenço & Araujo, 2004 (Brazil)

Auyantepuia amapaensis Lourenço & Qi, 2007 (Brazil)

Auyantepuia surinamensis Lourenço & Duhem, 2010 (Suriname)

Auyantepuia laurae sp. n. (French Guiana)

Auyantepuia laurae sp. n.

Figs 1, 2–4, 5–7, 8–9, 10, 11, 12, Table 1

Type material

One female holotype and two female paratypes. French Guiana, near Saut Sabbat, 50 km south of Mana and 50 km east of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni, under wood log, I/2015 (E. Ythier & G. Roy). Deposited in the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle(MNHN), Paris. Comparative material examined: A. fravalae, 1 male holotype (MNHN-RS-8505) and 1 female allotype (MNHN-RS-8506); A. gaillardi, 1 male holotype, 1 female allotype and 6 female paratypes (MNHN-RS-3311), 4 female paratypes (MNHN-RS-3307) and 1 male paratype (MNHN-RS-3326); A. sissomi, 1 female holotype (MNHN-RS-3304) and 1 female paratype (MNHN-RS-3309).

Etymology

The specific name refers to Laura Ythier, for her contribution to the collection of the new species.

Diagnosis

Small scorpions, 27.5 to 28.2 mm in total length. Coloration reddish-brown, with carapace, chelicerae, pedipalps and legs intensely marked with darker spots. Body and appendages weakly granulated or smooth; dorso-internal carina of chela inconspicuous; ventral posterior granulations on metasomal segment V weakly marked. Female pectines with 5-6 to 6-6 teeths; male unknown. Trichobothrial pattern of type C neobothriotaxic ‘majorante’.

Description

based on female holotype and female paratypes.

Coloration

General coloration reddish-brown. Carapace reddish-yellow, intensely marked with brownish variegated spots around the ocular tubercle and on the anterior and posterior edges of the carapace; ocular tubercle darker, almost black. Tergites reddish-brown with confluent reddish-yellow spots, on the sides and the middle of tergites, without forming a longitudinal stripe. Metasomal segments reddish-yellow, marked with variegated brownish spots on lateral and dorsal sides of segments I to V and on ventral side of segments IV and V; ventral side of segments I to III yellowish, without spots; vesicle reddish-yellow with basis of aculeus blackish and tip of aculeus reddish. Chelicerae yellowish, with variegated dark brown spots; fingers reddish-yellow with dark brown spots at their basis, reddish teeth. Pedipalps reddish-brown, with longitudinal dark brown spots. Legs yellowish, intensely marked with brownish spots. Venter and sternites yellowish to reddish-yellow; sternum reddish-yellow with darker spots; genital opercle reddish-yellow; pectines pale yellow.

Morphology

Carapace lustrous and acarinate, with some minute punctations; furrows shallow; anterior edge emarginate. Sternum pentagonal, wider than long. Tergites acarinate, almost smooth and shiny, with only minute granulations on their posterior edges. Pectinal tooth count 5-6 to 6-6, fulcra absent. Sternites smooth and shiny, VII acarinate; spiracles rounded in shape. Only metasomal segments IV and V longer than wide; metasomal tegument almost lustrous, without granulation, and with a few punctations; segment V with spinoid granulation ventrally, weakly marked. Carinae on segments I-V vestigial or absent; only dorso-lateral carinae are weakly marked on segments I to IV. Pedipalp femur with dorsal internal, dorsal external and ventral internal carinae moderately marked; internal face weakly granular; other faces smooth. Patella smooth, with vestigial carinae. Chela weakly granulated, almost smooth, with dorso-internal carina weakly marked. Dentate margins on fixed and movable fingers with 6 rows of granules. Chelicerae with dentition typical of the family Chactidae (Vachon, 1963), and with dense setation ventrally and internally. Trichobothriotaxy of type C; neobothriotaxic ‘majorante’ (Vachon, 1974).

Figure 1. 

Habitus of Auyantepuia laurae sp. n., female holotype.

Figures 2–4. 

Auyantepuia laurae sp. n., female holotype. 2 Carapace, dorsal aspect 3 Right chelicera, dorsal aspect 4 Ventral aspect showing sternum, genital operculum, pectines and sternite III with spiracles.

Figures 5–7. 

Auyantepuia laurae sp. n., female holotype. 5–6 Metasomal segment V and telson, lateral and ventral aspects 7 Patella, external aspect.

Figures 8–9. 

Auyantepuia laurae sp. n., female holotype. 8–9 Left (ventral view) and right (dorsal view) pedipalps, showing trichobothrial pattern.

Figure 10. 

Auyantepuia laurae sp. n., female holotype from Saut Sabbat, French Guiana, alive in the field.

Figure 11. 

Natural habitat of Auyantepuia laurae sp. n. in Saut Sabbat, French Guiana.

Figure 12. 

Records of Auyantepuia species in Guiano-Amazon regions, tropical South America: A. scorzai (1), A. fravalae (2), A. gaillardi (3), A. sissomi (4), A. parvulus (5), A. kelleri (6), A. mottai (7), A. amapaensis (8), A. surinamensis (9) and A. laurae sp. n. (10).

Table 1.

Morphometric values (in mm) of A. gaillardi Lourenço, 1983 (female paratype), A. surinamensis Lourenço & Duhem, 2010 (female paratype), A. sissomi Lourenço, 1983 (female holotype), A. fravalae Lourenço, 1983 (female allotype) and A. laurae sp. n. (female holotype).

A. gaillardi A. surinamensis A. sissomi A. fravalae A. laurae sp. n. ♀
Total length 26.9 20.8 26.2 28.6 28.2
Carapace:
- length 4.1 3.6 3.6 4.3 4.0
- anterior width 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.9 2.1
- posterior width 4.1 3.7 3.6 4.8 4.6
Mesosoma length 7.5 6.0 9.8 9.0 10.5
Metasoma length 15.3 11.2 12.8 15.3 13.7
Metasomal segment I:
- length 1.8 1.2 1.5 1.7 1.7
- width 2.6 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.6
Metasomal segment II:
- length 2.1 1.4 1.6 1.8 1.8
- width 2.2 1.9 2.1 2.2 2.1
Metasomal segment III:
- length 2.5 1.6 1.9 2.0 1.9
- width 2.2 1.8 2.1 2.1 2.0
Metasomal segment IV:
- length 2.4 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.2
- width 2.0 1.7 1.9 2.0 2.0
Metasomal segment V:
- length 3.4 2.9 3.0 3.8 3.4
- width 1.9 1.5 1.7 1.8 1.8
- depth 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.4
Telson:
- length 3.1 2.2 2.1 2.8 2.7
- width 2.4 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.4
- depth 1.6 0.9 0.9 1.3 0.9
Pedipalp:
- femur length 2.5 2.1 2.1 2.9 2.4
- femur width 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.0
- patella length 3.0 2.6 2.7 3.3 2.9
- patella width 1.6 1.3 1.3 1.6 1.4
- chela length 5.8 4.7 5.4 6.7 5.5
- chela width 2.2 1.7 2.0 2.4 2.0
- chela depth 3.1 2.0 2.3 2.9 2.8
Movable finger length 3.0 2.3 2.6 3.4 3.0

Relationships

Auyantepuia laurae sp. n. can be distinguished from other species of the genus Auyantepuia and, in particular, from the five species described from the Guiana region, by the following features:

- A. gaillardi Lourenço, 1983 (described from Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni, French Guiana): (i) metasomal segments reddish-yellow, marked with variegated brownish spots on lateral and dorsal sides of segments I to V and on ventral side of segments IV and V; ventral side of segments I to III yellowish, without spots (all segments uniformely reddish in A. gaillardi), (ii) body, carapace,chelicerae, pedipalps and legs reddish-brown intensely marked with darker spots (uniform coloration without darker spots in A. gaillardi).

- A. surinamensis Lourenço & Duhem, 2010 (described from Albina/Moengo, Suriname): (i) metasomal segments reddish-yellow, marked with variegated brownish spots on lateral and dorsal sides of segments I to V and on ventral side of segments IV and V; ventral side of segments I to III yellowish, without spots (all segments reddish uniformely and intensely marked with brownish spots in A. surinamensis), (ii) size 27.5–28.2 mm (19.0–20.8 mm in A. surinamensis).

- A. kelleri Lourenço, 1997 (described from Cacao, French Guiana): (i) metasomal segments reddish-yellow, marked with variegated brownish spots on lateral and dorsal sides of segments I to V and on ventral side of segments IV and V; ventral side of segments I to III yellowish, without spots (all segments uniformely dark reddish in A. kelleri), (ii) pedipalps intensely marked with dark brown spots (weakly marked in A. kelleri), (iii) occular tubercle darker, almost black (clear in A. kelleri).

- A. fravalae Lourenço, 1983 (described from Saut Pararé, French Guiana): (i) metasomal segments reddish-yellow, marked with variegated brownish spots on lateral and dorsal sides of segments I to V and on ventral side of segments IV and V; ventral side of segments I to III yellowish, without spots (brownish spots on lateral and ventral sides of segments I to V and ventral side of segments I to II well pigmented in A. fravalae), (ii) pedipalps with chelae weakly granulated, almost smooth (moderately to strongly granulated in A. fravalae), (iii) female pectines with 5–6 to 6–6 teeth (8–8 in A. fravalae).

- A. sissomi Lourenço, 1983 (described from Oyapok, French Guiana): (i) metasomal segments reddish-yellow, marked with variegated brownish spots on lateral and dorsal sides of segments I to V and on ventral side of segments IV and V; ventral side of segments I to III yellowish, without spots (only ventral side of segments I to II yellowish in A. sissomi), (ii) pedipalps with chelae weakly granulated, almost smooth (moderately to strongly granulated in A. sissomi), (iii) tergites reddish-brown with confluent reddish-yellow spots, on the sides and the middle of tergites, without forming a longitudinal stripe (yellow spots on the middle of tergites forming a longitudinal stripe dividing the tergites in A. sissomi), (iv) general coloration reddish-brown (yellowish in A. sissomi).

Key to the species of Auyantepuia described from the Guiana region

1 Pedipalps with chelae weakly granulated, almost smooth 2
Pedipalps with chelae moderately to strongly granulated 5
2 Ventral side of metasomal segments I to III yellowish, without spots A. laurae sp. n.
Ventral side of all metasomal segments well pigmented, brownish to dark reddish 3
3 Body, pedipalps, legs and chelicerae without variegated brownish spots A. gaillardi
Body, pedipalps, legs and chelicerae marked with variegated brownish spots 4
4 Occular tubercle dark, almost black A. surinamensis
Occular tubercle clear A. kelleri
5 Ventral side of metasomal segments I to II yellowish, without spots A. sissomi
Ventral side of all metasomal segments well pigmented, brownish to dark reddish A. fravalae

Acknowledgements

I am most grateful to Bernard Duhem, Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, for the preparation of the illustrations.

References

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