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Additions to the checklist of Scoliidae, Sphecidae, Pompilidae and Vespidae of Peru, with notes on the endemic status of some species (Hymenoptera, Aculeata)
expand article infoEduardo Fernando dos Santos, Yuri Campanholo Grandinete§, Fernando Barbosa Noll
‡ Universidade Estadual Paulista, Sao Jose do Rio Preto, Brazil
§ Universidade Estadual Paulista, Sao Jose do Rio Preto and Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil
Open Access

Abstract

The first checklist of the Peruvian Hymenoptera listed 1169 species and subspecies of aculeate wasps, including 173 species of Pompilidae, seven of Scoliidae, 39 of Sphecidae and 403 of Vespidae. Herein are reported 32 species as new for Peru based mainly on the collection of the Natural History Museum, London. The loss of the endemic status of two species is also reported: Entypus peruvianus (Rohwer) (Pompilidae: Pepsinae) and Omicron ruficolle schunkei Giordani Soika (Vespidae: Eumeninae).

Keywords

Apoidea , Vespoidea , endemic species, social wasps, potter wasps, spider wasps, digger wasps

Introduction

Pompilidae, Scoliidae and Vespidae together with other seven families have been included in Vespoidea, while Sphecidae has been positioned in Apoidea, both included in HymenopteraAculeata (Brothers and Finnamore 1993, Hanson and Gauld 2006). Rasmussen and Asenjo (2009) compiled the first checklist of HymenopteraAculeata for Peru, including 1158 species and subspecies, with the majority (52%) of them belonging to Pompilidae, Scoliidae, Sphecidae and Vespidae. In addition, it included 226 endemic species for Peru, with 50 Pompilidae, one Scoliidae, two Sphecidae and 67 Vespidae.

Pompilidae includes approximately 5,000 species worldwide, with 850 neotropical species among 56 genera (Fernández 2000), of which 159 species in 33 genera are recorded for Peru (Rasmussen and Asenjo 2009). Scoliidae is a small component of the aculeate hymenopteran fauna, with nearly 300 species in the world, 47 of which are found in the New World (Hanson 2006). For Peru, Rasmussen and Asenjo (2009) listed eight species in three subgenera of Campsomeris Guerin. The biology of Scoliidae is poorly known, and the existing studies indicate that species are idiobiont ectoparasitoids of coleopteran larvae (Brothers and Finnamore 1993, Hanson 2006, Fernández 2006).

Sphecidae and Vespidae comprise, respectively, more than 660 and 5,000 described species of predatory wasps throughout the world (Goulet and Huber 1993, Pickett and Carpenter 2010). Rasmussen and Asenjo (2009) listed 39 species of 12 genera of Sphecidae classified in four subfamilies: Ammophilinae, Chloriontinae, Sceliphrinae and Sphecinae, all of them with neotropical representatives (Goulet and Huber 1993, Hanson and Menke 2006). Species of Ammophilinae are predators of Lepidoptera or Symphyta (Hymenoptera) larvae, while species of Chloriontinae have been recorded as predators of Gryllidae (Orthoptera) and Blattaria, Sceliphrinae as predator of Araneae and Blattaria, and Sphecinae as predators of Orthoptera (Goulet and Huber 1993, Hanson and Menke 2006). Vespidae, in turn, are classified in six subfamilies (Carpenter 1982, Pickett and Carpenter 2010), three of them, Eumeninae, Masarinae and Polistinae, known from the neotropical region (Carpenter 1993, Carpenter et al. 2006, Hermes et al. 2013). Rasmussen and Asenjo (2009) recorded 403 species and subspecies of 52 genera of Vespidae for Peru. Masarinae are solitary wasps and commonly known as “pollen wasps”, since their larvae are fed with pollen and nectar (Gess 1996) while Eumeninae and Polistinae, respectively, are solitary or social wasps preying on lepidopteran larvae as food for their larvae (Bohart and Stange 1965, West-Eberhard et al 2006).

Contributing to knowledge of the neotropical hymenopteran fauna, herein are presented new species records of Pompilidae, Scoliidae, Sphecidae and Vespidae from Peru.

Material and methods

The checklist of Rasmussen and Asenjo (2009) is updated, including new species records from Peru based on specimens deposited mainly in the Natural History Museum, London (NHM, Dr. David Norton (curator of the Apoidea collection) and Dr. Gavin Broad (curator of the Vespoidea collection)), with some sporadic records from other institutions, as follows: American Museum of Natural History (AMNH, Dr. James M. Carpenter), Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas da Universidade Estadual de São Paulo (IBILCE-UNESP, Dr. Fernando Barbosa Noll), Instituto Fundación Miguel Lillo (IFML, Emilia Constanza Pérez), Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi (MPEG, Dr. Orlando Tobias Silveira), Museo di Storia Naturale di Venezia (MSNVE, Dr. Marco Uliana) and Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo (MZUSP, Dr. Carlos Roberto Ferreira Brandão), Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History (USMN, Dr. Sean Brady). Species identification of Pompilidae and Sphecidae deposited in the NHM and included herein were confirmed. Dubious identification were not included in the present list. For Scoliidae and Vespidae, only specimens labeled with specialist’s identification were included. In this way, only species of Scoliidae determined by the Dr. James Chester Bradly (1884–1975) or Dr. Johan George Betrem (1899-1980) were considered. These two entomologists were the two main specialists in Scoliidae. All identification deposited in AMNH, IBILCE-UNESP, IFML, MPEG, MSNVE, MZUSP and USMN was confirmed. In addtition,

The present checklist is organized alphabetically, following Rasmussen and Asenjo (2009) and adopting the most traditional family classification, in that Pompilidae, Scoliidae and Vespidae are placed in Vespoidea and Sphecidae in Apoidea with three subfamilies, differing from Rasmussen and Asenjo (2009) who adopted four subfamilies for Sphecidae. For Pompilidae, Rasmussen and Ansejo (2009) used the Pitts et al.’ (2008) proposal, however, they adopted a hypothesis among 720 other equally parsimonious ones. Then, we decided to use the classification proposed by Shimizu (1994), which positioned Epipompilus in Epipompilinae and Notocyphus in Notocyphinae. The Vespidae tribe classification was based on Hermes et al. (2014).

All new records are assigned a cross (†). Abbreviations for the departments of Peru used in the present checklist are the same as in Rasmussen and Asenjo (2009), as follows: AM, Amazonas; AN, Ancash; AP, Apurímac; AR, Arequipa; CA, Cajamarca; CL, Callao; CU, Cusco; HU, Huánuco; HV, Huancavelica; JU, Junín; LA, Lambayeque; LI, Lima; LL, La Libertad; LO, Loreto; MD, Madre de Dios; PA, Pasco; PI, Piura; SM, San Martin; UC, Ucayali.

Results and discussion

In total, 32 species are recorded for the first time from Peru, 20 species of Pompilidae, three of Scoliidae, five of Sphecidae and four of Vespidae, and more than 250 records are new for Peruvian departments or lacalities. Moreover, seven species of Vespidae have been described by Cooper (2010, 2013a, 2013b, 2014), Silveira (2013) and Santos et al. (2015) for Peru, after the publication of Rasmussen and Asenjo’s (2009) checklist. Santos et al. (2015) also resurrected P. diligens (Smith). Based on the taxonomic update and the present compilation, 1196 species of HymenopteraAculeata are now known for Peru (see Suppl. material 2: Updated checklist). Pompilidae is currently represented by 173 species belonging to 33 genera, Scoliidae by eleven species in two genera, Sphecidae by 44 species of 12 genera and Vespidae by 405 species and sub-species of 53 genera. In the case of Scoliidae, a species of Scoliinae, Scolia (Hesperoscolia) rufiventris (Fabricius), is recorded for the first time for Peru.

In addition, the NHM’s collection includes specimens of Entypus peruvianus (Rohwer) from Argentina and Bolivia, indicating that it is not a Peruvian endemic species. Another taxon that has lost its endemic status is Omicron ruficolle schunkei Giordani Soika, which has been recorded in Brazil in this work.

Entypus peruvianus (Rohwer, 1913)

Specimen data. ARGENTINA: 1♀, S. de Estero, 37-47k. S.e. Anatuya, 20.xi.1979, C. & M. Vardy [NHM]. 1♀ and 1♂, Salta, Orán, Abra Grande, x.18–25 1968, C. Porter [NHM]. 1♀ and 1♂, Salta, Orán, Abra Grande, x.18–25 1968, C. Porter [NHM]. BOLIVIA: 1♀, La Paz, Zongo Valley, Cahua, 1400m, 22–23.vi.1979, M. Cooper, B.M. 1979-397 [NHM]. 3♀♀, La Paz, Coroico, 20.v.1989, 1200m, M. Cooper, 1979-216 [NHM]. 1♀, La Paz, Chulumani, 1700m, 25.iii.1979, M. Cooper, B.M. 1979-216 [NHM].

Omicron ruficolle schunkei Giordani Soika, 1978

Specimen data. BRAZIL: 5♀♀, SP, Pindorama, 21°13'27"S 48°55'35"W, 08/viii/2014, Soleman, R.A. col. [IBILCE-UNESP]

Futhermore, Castro-Huertas et al. (2014) recorded other three species of Pompilidae from Colombia (Pepsinae: Ageniella pretiosa Banks and Mystacagenia bellula Evans; Pompilinae: Aporus (Aporus) cuzco Evans), and Santos et al. (2015) another one of Polistinae (Vespidae) from Brazil (Protopolybia chanchamayensis Bequaert) that were regarded as endemic by Rasmussen and Asenjo (2009). On the other hand, Silveira (2013) and Santos et al. (2015) described new species of Polistinae (Mischocyttarus tayacaja Silveira; Protopolybia similis Santos, Silveira & Carpenter), and Cooper (2013a) described one of Eumeninae (Pararhaphidoglossa carpenteri Cooper) that are known only from Peru. These aspects indicate the hymenopteran fauna of several South American regions are still poorly sampled, and new collecting efforts and identification efforts of already collected material should increase the number of species recorded for Peru.

SPHECIDAE

Chloriontinae

Chlorion Latreille, 1802

viridicoeruleum Lepeletier & Seville, 1828†: UC (Pucallpa)

Sceliphrinae

Penepodium Menke in Bohart & Menke, 1976

gorianum (Lepeletier, 1845): UC (Pucallpa)

romandinum (de Saussure, 1867): UC (Pucallpa)

Podium Fabricius, 1804 [Kohl 1902]

agile Kohl, 1902†: UC (Pucallpa)

denticulatum Smith, 1856: UC (Pucallpa)

kohlii Zavattari, 1908: UC (Pucallpa)

rufipes Fabricius, 1804†: UC (Pucallpa)

Sphecinae

Sphex Linnaeus, 1758

Subgenus: Sphex Linnaeus, 1758

nitidiventris Spinola, 1853†: UC (Pucallpa)

tinctipennis Cameron, 1888†: CU (Atalaya), HU (Previsto), UC (B. Abad)

POMPILIDAE

Ceropalinae

Ceropales Latreille, 1796

Subgenus: Bifidoceropales Priesner, 1969

isolde subsp. isolde (Banks, 1945)†: LL (Trujillo)

Irenangelus Schulz, 1906

reversus (Smith, 1873): UC (B. Abad)

Epipompilinae

Epipompilus Kohl, 1884

williamsi (Banks, 1947)†: PA (Oxapampa)

Pepsinae

Ageniellini

Ageniella Banks, 1912

Subgenus: Alasagenia Banks, 1944

fortipes (Smith, 1873) †: UC (Pucallpa)

pilifrons (Cameron, 1912) †: HU (Monzón-Rondos River), JU (Chanchamayo), UC (B. Abad, Pucallpa)

Subgenus: Ageniella Banks, 1912

ruficeps (Smith, 1864) †: UC (Pucallpa)

Auplopus Spinola, 1841

deceptor (Smith, 1873) †: HU (Cord. Azul)

Priocnemella Banks, 1925

hexagona subsp. omissa Banks, 1946: HU (Tingo María), JU (Chanchamayo), UC (Atalaya, Pucallpa)

Pepsini

Caliadurgus Pate, 1946

pretiosus (Fox, 1897)†: PA (Oxapampa)

Entypus Dahlbom, 1843

decoloratus (Lepeletier, 1845)†: HU (Monzón)

dumosus (Spinola, 1851)†: LA (Jayanca), LI (Matucana), LL (Simbal)

gigas (Fabricius, 1804)†: UC (Pucallpa)

molestus (Banks, 1946): Endemic, LA (Lambayeque), LI (Matucana), LL (Simbal)

nitidus (Banks, 1946): HU (Cayumba)

peruvianus (Rohwer, 1913): CU (Apurimac River, Machu Picchu, Urubamba River)

Pompilinae

Aporini

Aporus Spinola, 1808

Subgenus: Aporus Spinola, 1808

cuzco Evans, 1973: CU (Urubamba River)

Subgenus: Neoplaniceps Bradley, 1944

umbratilis Evans, 1966: CU (Urubamba), HU (Tingo María)

Subgenus: Notoplaniceps Bradley, 1944

canescens Smith, 1873: MD (Pantiacolla)

Euplaniceps Haupt, 1930

varia Bradley, 1944: CU (Atalaya), UC (B. Abad)

Pompilini

Anoplius Dufour, 1834

Subgenus: Anopliodes Banks, 1939

varius (Fabricius, 1804): HU (Cord. Azul, Tingo María), UC (B. Abad)

Subgenus: Anoplius Dufour, 1834

ambatoensis (Cameron, 1903)†: CU (Urubamba), LI (Chosica)

Subgenus: Arachnophroctonus Howard, 1901

inculcatrix (Cameron, 1912): JU (Chanchamayo), LO (Est. Jenaro Herrera)

Austrochares Banks, 1947

elsinore Banks, 1947: Endemic, CL (Ventanilla), LA (Chiclayo, Jayanca, Lambayeque, Olmos), LL (Simbal, Trujillo)

Balboana Banks, 1944

auripennis (Fabricius, 1804): CU (Quincemil), HU (Tingo María), UC (Atalaya, Pucallpa)

manifestata (Smith, 1864) †: LO (Est. Jenaro Herrera)

Evagetes Lepeletier, 1845

copiosus Banks, 1947†: CU (Cusco)

Paracyphononyx Gribodo, 1884

unicolor (Smith, 1879) †: CU (Apurimac River, Machu Picchu, Urubamba River), HU (Tingo María), JU (Chanchamayo)

Poecilopompilus Howard, 1901

rubricatus (Smith, 1879): LA (Chiclayo, Jayanca, Lambayeque), LI (Cieneguilla, Lima), LL (Trujillo, Jequetepeque River)

Priochilus Banks, 1944

captivum (Fabricius, 1804)†: LO (Contamana, Iquitos), PA (Pichis), UC (Pucallpa)

formosus Banks, 1944: CU (Quincemil), JU (Chanchamayo), SM (Nuevo Progreso)

gloriosum subsp. gloriosum (Cresson, 1869)†: JU (Chanchamayo), UC (B. Abad, Pucallpa)

gracillimus (Smith, 1855) (= scrupulum (Fox, 1897)): HU (Tingo María), UC (Pucallpa)

pectoralis (Smith, 1855) (= imperius Banks, 1944): CA (Jaén), LO (Est. Jenaro Herrera), MD (Atalaya), UC (Pucallpa).

regius subsp. regius (Fabricius, 1804): HU (Cayumba, Tingo María, Yanayacu), JU (Chanchamayo), UC (Atalaya, B. Abad, Pucallpa)

ruficoxalis (Fox, 1897)†: UC (Pucallpa)

sericeifrons (Fox, 1897): CU (Quincemil), HU (Monzón- Rondos River, Tingo María), UC (B. Abad, Pucallpa).

splendidulum subsp. splendidulum (Fabricius, 1804): HU (Cord. Azul, Tingo María), LO (Est. Jenaro Herrera), UC (B. Abad, Pucallpa).

veraepascis (Cameron, 1893): LO (Est. Jenaro Herrera).

Tachypompilus Ashmead, 1902

pallidus Banks, 1947: Endemic, LI (Chosica), LL (Simbal)

Notocyphinae

Notocyphus Smith, 1855

crassicornis Smith, 1864†: JU (Chanchamayo), LO (Est. Jenaro Herrera), UC (Pucallpa).

laetabilis (Smith, 1873)†: UC (Pucallpa).

multipicta Smith, 1873†: LO (Est. Jenaro Herrera), UC (B. Abad, Pucallpa)

saevissimus Smith, 1855†: UC (Pucallpa)

thetis Banks, 1945†: CU (Atalaya), UC (Pucallpa)

SCOLIIDAE

Campsomerinae

Campsomeris Guérin-Méneville, 1839

Subgenus: Aelocampsomeris Bradley, 1957

variegata Fabricius, 1793: JU (Chanchamayo)

Subgenus: Lissocampsomeris Bradley, 1957

arneohirta (Fox, 1896)†: JU (Chanchamayo), UC (B. Abad)

wesmaeli (Lepeletier, 1845)†: CU (Atalaya), HU (Monzón – Rondos River), JU (Chanchamayo), UC (B. Abad, Pucallpa)

Scoliinae

Scolia Fabricius, 1775

Subgenus: Hesperoscolia Bradley, 1974

rufiventris (Fabricius, 1804)†: JU (Chanchamayo), UC (B. Abad, Pucallpa).

VESPIDAE

Eumeninae

Eumenini

Brachymenes Giordani Soika, 1961

wagnerianus (de Saussure, 1875): UC (Cord. Azul).

Eumenes Latreille, 1802

Subgenus: Zeteumenoides Giordani Soika, 1972

filiformis (de Saussure, 1855): MD

Omicron de Saussure, 1855

paranymphum (Zavattari, 1912): UC (Previsto)

Pachymenes de Saussure, 1852

consuetus Giordani Soika, 1990: MD, JU (Chanchamayo) (= obscurus subsp. consuetus Giordani Soika, 1990 – Grandinete et al. 2014)

ghilianii Spinola, 1851: MD (= ghilianii subsp. olivaceus (de Saussure, 1875); =peruanus Schrottky, 1911 – see Grandinete et al. 2014)

orellanae (Schulz, 1905): HU (Tingo María), LO (Iquitos), MD (Res. Nac. Tambopata), UC (B. Abad) (= orellanae subsp. orellanae (Schulz, 1905), = orellanae subsp. vardyi Giordani Soika, 1990 – see Grandinete et al. 2014)

Pararhaphidoglossa von Schulthess, 1910

carpenteri Cooper, 2013: Endemic, LO (Iquitos) [Cooper 2013a]

gribodoi (Zavattari, 1912): JU (Pan de Azucar) [Cooper 2013b]

mestiza Giordani Soika, 1978: HU (Yanayacu) [Cooper 2012]

schunkei Cooper, 2014: UC (B. Abad) [Cooper 2014]

sulcata Cooper, 2013: LO (Iquitos) [Cooper 2013b]

Pirhosigma Giordani Soika, 1978

mearimense subsp. mearimense (Zavattati, 1912)†: UC (Pucallpa)

Sphaeromenes Giordani Soika, 1978

discrepatus Giordani Soika, 1978: LI (Santa Rosa de Quives), LL (Trujillo)

Odynerini

Hypalastoroides de Saussure, 1852

Subgenus: Hypalastoroides de Saussure, 1852

brasiliensis (de Saussure, 1856): LO (Iquitos)

Hypodynerus de Saussure, 1855

arequipensis (du Buysson, 1913): JU (Yanamaria)

obscuripennis (Spinola, 1851): AR (Arequipa)

Pseudodynerus de Saussure, 1855

subapicalis (Fox, 1902): HU (Huánuco)

Zethini

Zethus Fabricius, 1804

Subgenus: Zethus Fabricius, 1804

cataractae Cooper, 2010: JU (Quebrada Mala Noche) [Cooper 2010]

Polistinae

Epiponini

Agelaia Lepeletier de Saint Fargeau, 1836

myrmecophila (Ducke, 1905): HU (Llullapichis), LO

Brachygastra Perty, 1833

albula Richards, 1978†: CU (Cadena, Cusco). [Andena and Carpenter 2012]

augusti (de Saussure, 1854): CU (Cadena), MD (Res. Nac. Tambopata), LO (Estiron), UC (Cord. Azul, Pucallpa)

baccalaurea (R. von Ihering, 1903): CU (Machu Picchu), PI (Huacabamba)

bilineolata Spinola, 1841: CU (Cadena), LO (Dos de Mayo, Iquitos), PA (Cerro de Pasco)

lecheguana (Latreille, 1824): CA (Quebrada Nancho), LA (Jequetepeque), LL (Pascamayo), UC (Yarinacocha)

propodealis Bequaert, 1943: CU (Cadena), MD (Puerto Maldonado)

scutellaris (Fabricius, 1804): HU (Llullapichis River)

smithii (de Saussure, 1854): LA (Jequetepeque), LL (Pascamayo), LO (Galicia)

Chartergellus Bequaert, 1938

fulvus Fox, 1898: HU (Tingo María), LO (Mishuyacu)

Polybia Lepeletier, 1836

Subgenus: Alpha de Saussure, 1854

bifasciata de Saussure, 1854: JU (Chanchamayo), UC (B. Abad)

quadricincta de Saussure, 1854: UC (Pucallpa)

Subgenus: Apopolybia Richards, 1978

jurinei de Saussure, 1854: LO (Iquitos), UC (Previsto, Pucallpa)

Subgenus: Cylindroeca Richards, 1978

dimidiata (Olivier, 1791): JU (Chanchamayo), UC (Previsto, Pucallpa)

Subgenus: Formicicola Richards, 1978

rejecta (Fabricius, 1798): HU (Yanayacu), UC (Previsto, Pucallpa)

Subgenus: Myrapetra White, 1841

bistriata (Fabricius, 1804): UC (Pucallpa)

catillifex Möbius, 1856: UC (Atalaya, B. Abad, Previsto)

diguetana du Buysson, 1905: PA (Oxapampa), UC (Pucallpa)

fastidiosuscula de Saussure, 1854: JU (Chanchamayo), LA (Chiclayo)

parvulina Richards, 1970†: JU (Chanchamayo), UC (Previsto)

Subgenus: Platypolybia Richards, 1978

incerta Ducke, 1907: HU (Tingo María), JU (Chanchamayo), UC (San Alejandro)

procellosa subsp. dubitata Ducke, 1910: UC (B. Abad, Previsto)

Subgenus: Polybia Lepeletier de Saint Fargeau, 1836

striata (Fabricius, 1787): HU (Tingo María), UC (Pucallpa)

Subgenus: Trichinothorax Carpenter & Day, 1988

micans Ducke, 1904: PA (Puerto Bermúdez)

rufitarsis subsp. peruviana Bequaert, 1943: LO (Iquitos), UC (B. Abad)

sericea (Olivier, 1791): CA (Jaén)

tinctipennis subsp. tinctipennis Fox, 1898: UC (Pucallpa)

velutina Ducke, 1905: UC (Atalaya, Boq. Abad, Previsto), HU (Tingo María)

Protopolybia Ducke, 1905

acutiscutis (Cameron, 1907): LO (Nanay River)

bella (R. von Ihering, 1903): CU (Paucartambo), HU (Tingo María)

chartergoides subsp. chartergoides (Gribodo, 1891): UC (Pucallpa)

clypeata Santos, Silveira & Carpenter (2015): LO (Galícia, San Pedro, Yarin) [Santos et al. 2015]

diligens (Smith, 1857): LO (Napo) [Santos et al. 2015]

sedula (de Saussure, 1854): UC (Pucallpa)

similis Santos, Silveira & Carpenter, 2015: JU (San Ramón) [Santos et al. 2015]

Mischocyttarini

Mischocyttarus de Saussure, 1853

Subgenus: Phi de Saussure, 1854

alfkenii Ducke, 1904: LO [Silveira, 2013]

flavicornis Zikán, 1949 (=flavicornis subsp. nigricornis Zikán, 1949 – see Silveira 2013): CU (Cusco, Urubamba), JU (Satipo) [Silveira 2013]

flavoniger Zikán, 1949: JU (Chanchamayo) [Silveira 2013]

tayacaja Silveira, 2013: HV (Campo Armiño) [Silveira 2013]

Polistini

Polistes Latreille, 1802

Subgenus: Aphanilopterus Meunier, 1888

claripennis Ducke, 1904: UC (Pucallpa)

deceptor Schulz, 1905: JU (Chanchamayo), SM (Rioja), UC (Pucallpa)

maranonensis Willink, 1964: AM (Utcubamba)

pacificus subsp. modestus Smith, 1868†: HU (Tingo María)

testaceicolor Bequaert, 1937: UC (Previsto, Pucallpa)

Acknowledgements

We are really grateful to Dr. Gavin Broad, curator of the NHM’s Vespoidea collection for the facilities in accessing such collection and for the suggestion in the article. We also thank Dr. Claus Rasmussen for precious suggestions. This study was supported by the National Council of Technological and Scientific Development of Brazil (CNPq - Proc.: 211689/2013-0), and by the São Paulo State Foundation (Fapesp - Proc.: 2004/04820-3).

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Appendix I

Localities reported in the checklist including coordinates and altitude range (m a.s.l.).

Department Locality Longitude Latitude Altitude
AMAZONAS Utcubamba, Valley -78.55250 -5.53500 1700
AREQUIPA Arequipa -71.51667 -16.38333 2300
CAJAMARCA Quebrada Nancho -79.25000 -6.96667 400
Jaén -78.81667 -5.70000 750
CALLAO Ventanilla -77.07361 -11.85556 97
CUSCO Apurimac River (68 km west Cusco) -72.11667 -13.64667 2400
Atalaya -71.35000 -12.90000 600
Cadena -70.717 -13.4000 1600
Cusco -71.98333 -13.51667 3400–4200
Machu Picchu -72.54579 -13.16319 2385–2700
Paucartambo -71.60000 -13.31667 2900
Quincemil -70.76667 -13.23333 630–650
Urubamba -72.28530 -13.23250 3500
Urubamba River -72.11667 -13.30417 2900
HUANUCO Cayumba -75.95000 -9.50000 2000
Cord. Azul (= Cordillera Azul) -75.93333 -9.15000 1600
Llullapichis -74.93333 -9.61667 260
Monzón, Valley -76.40000 -9.28333 950
Monzón, Valley – Rondos River -76.08333 -9.25000 950
Tingo María -76.00000 -9.30000 670
Yanayacu -74.97611 -9.55722 200
HUANCAVELICA Campo Armiño -74.65000 -12.35000 1600–1880
JUNÍN Chanchamayo, Valley of -75.31667 -11.05000 700–1300
Pan de Azucar (Km 83 Tarma to San Ramon) -75.45250 -11.17830 1400
Quebrada Mala Noche -75.41110 -11.12690 1300–1500
San Ramón -75.35000 -11.13333 900
JUNÍN Satipo -74.63674 -11.25423 631
Yanamaria [Ana Maria?], near Jauja -75.66410 -11.79200 3470
LAMBAYEQUE Chiclayo -79.85000 -6.76667 21
Jayanca -79.82194 -6.39083 61
Lambayeque -79.90000 -6.70000 20
Olmos -79.75000 -5.98333 150
LIMA Chosica -76.70000 -11.93333 850
Cieneguilla -76.81160 -12.11730 550
Lima -77.03333 -12.05000 50
Matucana -76.38550 -11.84576 2400
Santa Rosa de Quives -76.78877 -11.66904 1100–1550
LA LIBERTAD Jequetepeque River -78.87861 -7.50496 818
Pascamayo -79.56667 -7.41667 20
Simbal -78.81667 -7.96667 576
Trujillo -79.03333 -8.11667 20
LORETO Contamana -75.00000 -7.35000 150
Dos de Mayo -75.11700 -6.40000 100–124
Estación Jenaro Herrera -73.65011 -4.89861 121
Estirón, Ampiyacu River -72.00800 -3.36800 93
Galicia -73.80000 -5.28333 700
Iquitos -73.25000 -3.75000 100
Mishuyacu, River -73.30000 -3.78333 120
Nanay River -73.38889 -3.81806 97
Napo – Sucusari River -72.91850 -3.26650 84
San Pedro -74.25000 -4.45000 75–170
Yarin, Quebrada -74.03333 -3.90000 127
MADRE DE DIOS Avispas -70.35000 -12.98333 350–400
Atalaya, Manu Nat. Park -71.72139 -11.85639 305–1000
Puerto Maldonado -69.18333 -12.60000 200
Reserva Nacional de Tambopata -69.28300 -12.85000 236
Pantiacolla - Upper Madre de Dios River -71.23180 -12.65570 404
PASCO Cerro de Pasco -76.26200 -10.68600 4310
Oxapampa -75.40000 -10.58333 1800
PASCO Pichis, River -74.93333 -9.90000 300
Puerto Bermúdez -74.93333 -10.30000 3–700
PIURA Huancabamba -79.44300 -5.25700 2713
SAN MARTIN Nuevo Progreso -76.32465 -8.448889 511
Rioja -77.16667 -6.6667 900
UCAYALI Atalaya -73.76667 -10.73333 250
B. Abad (= Boquerón del Padre Abad) -75.68061 -9.07082 500
Previsto - Cord. Azul (= Cordillera Azul) -75.83200 -9.07500 700–2000
Previsto -75.63333 -9.05000 420–500
Pucallpa -74.53055 -8.37971 180–500
San Alejandro -75.76667 -9.08333 1300–1600
Yarinacohca -74.60000 -8.35000 150–300

Supplementary materials

Supplementary material 1 

Full Checklist of the Peruvian Scoliidae, Sphecidae, Pompilidae and Vespidae

Eduardo Fernando dos Santos, Yuri Campanholo Grandinete, Fernando Barbosa Noll

Data type: occurence

This dataset is made available under the Open Database License (http://opendatacommons.org/licenses/odbl/1.0/). The Open Database License (ODbL) is a license agreement intended to allow users to freely share, modify, and use this Dataset while maintaining this same freedom for others, provided that the original source and author(s) are credited.
Download file (48.87 kb)
Supplementary material 2 

Additions to the checklist of Scoliidae, Sphecidae, Pompilidae and Vespidae of Peru, with notes on the endemic status of some species (Hymenoptera, Aculeata)

Eduardo Fernando dos Santos, Yuri Campanholo Grandinete, Fernando Barbosa Noll

Data type: Checklist

This dataset is made available under the Open Database License (http://opendatacommons.org/licenses/odbl/1.0/). The Open Database License (ODbL) is a license agreement intended to allow users to freely share, modify, and use this Dataset while maintaining this same freedom for others, provided that the original source and author(s) are credited.
Download file (26.06 kb)