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Five new species of the genera Falcileptoneta and Longileptoneta (Araneae, Leptonetidae) from South Korea
expand article infoTianqi Lan, Zhe Zhao, Seung Tae Kim§, Jung Sun Yoo|, Sue Yeon Lee, Shuqiang Li
‡ Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
§ Konkuk University, Seoul, South Korea
| National Institute of Biological Resources, Incheon, South Korea
¶ Jeonbuk National University, Jeonju-si, South Korea
Open Access

Abstract

Five new leptonetid species belonging to Falcileptoneta Komatsu, 1970 and Longileptoneta Seo, 2015 are newly described from South Korea: F. dolsan sp. nov. (Jeollanam-do), F. naejangsan sp. nov. (Jeollabuk-do), L. buyongsan sp. nov. (Chungcheongbuk-do), L. byeonsanbando sp. nov. (Jeollabuk-do) and L. jirisan sp. nov. (Gyeongsangnam-do). All new species are found in leaf litter and described from both male and female specimens.

Keywords

Biodiversity, litter-dwelling fauna, morphology, spider, taxonomy

Introduction

The spider family Leptonetidae Simon, 1890 includes 22 genera and 363 species from North America, the Mediterranean region and Asia (Li 2020; Wang et al. 2020; WSC 2020). Members of the family are tiny (1–3 mm) and typically have six eyes, with the anterior four eyes in a recurved row, and the posterior two contiguous; some species have only four or two eyes or are eyeless (Seo 2016b). Most species live in secluded environments, such as irregular sheet webs in leaf litter, caves, or mines (Xu et al. 2019). In South Korea, there are 47 described species in four genera: Falcileptoneta Komatsu, 1970; Leptoneta Simon, 1872; Longileptoneta Seo, 2015 and Masirana Kishida, 1942 (WSC 2020). Falcileptoneta is a species-rich genus in the family Leptonetidae with 59 described species. The genus was erected by Komatsu (1970), with Leptoneta striata Oi, 1952 as the type species. Species of Falcileptoneta are mainly distributed in South Korea and Japan (Irie and Ono 2007). Among these, 23 species are found in South Korea (WSC 2020). Longileptoneta is a small genus in the family Leptonetidae with only 11 described species; 5 species are distributed in South Korea (WSC 2020). Longileptoneta was established by Seo (2015a) for a new species, L. songniensis Seo, 2015, and can be easily recognized by the strong spines restricted to the male palpal femur, the prolaterodistal spur and the prolateral curvature of the palpal tarsus (Seo 2016b). The aim of this paper is to describe two new species of the genus Falcileptoneta and three new species of the genus Longileptoneta from South Korea.

Materials and methods

All specimens were collected by hand from the litter layers of mixed forest in South Korea. Type material is deposited in the the National Institute of Biological Resources (NIBR) in Incheon, South Korea. All specimens were preserved in 75% ethanol and examined under a Leica M205C stereomicroscope. Images were captured with an Olympus C7070 wide zoom digital camera (7.1 megapixels) mounted on a Leica M205C stereomicroscope and assembled using Helicon Focus 3.10.3 image stacking software (Khmelik et al. 2006). All measurements are in millimeters (mm). The left male palps are illustrated. Internal genitalia of females were removed and treated in lactic acid before illustration. Leg measurements are shown as: Total length (femur, patella, tibia, metatarsus, tarsus). The distribution map was generated with ArcView GIS 3.2 (ESRI 2002). Adobe Photoshop CC (Adobe Systems Incorporated) was used for digital editing of photos and maps. Terminology and taxonomic descriptions follow Wang et al. (2017) and Xu et al. (2019).

Taxonomy

Family Leptonetidae Simon, 1890

Falcileptoneta Komatsu, 1970

Falcileptoneta Komatsu, 1970: 1

Type species

Leptoneta striata Oi, 1952 from Japan.

Diagnosis

The genus Falcileptoneta is similar to Leptoneta and Longileptoneta in having few sclerites on the male palpal bulb and absenting cribellum but can be distinguished by the following combination of male palpal characters: femur lacking strong spines, tibia usually with complex apophyses on the retrolateroapical end (Figs 1D, 3D), tarsus with shallow, transverse depression (Figs 1D, 3D) and the bulb usually with sickle-like or membranous embolus and complex laminae (Figs 1B–D, 3B–D).

Figure 1. 

Falcileptoneta dolsan sp. nov., holotype male A habitus, dorsal view B palpal bulb, ventral view C palp, prolateral view D palp, retrolateral view. Abbreviations: E embolus MS median sclerite PS prolateral sclerite. Scale bars: equal for C, D.

Falcileptonetadolsan sp. nov.

Figures 1, 2, 12

Type material

Holotype. Male (NIBR), South Korea, Jeollanam-do, Yeosu-si, Dolsan-eup, Seodeok-ri (34.641085°N, 127.760978°E, elevation ca 93 m), 13 August 2019, ZG. Chen, Z. Zhao & YY. Hu leg. Paratypes. 1 male and 1 female (NIBR), same data as holotype.

Diagnosis

Falcileptoneta dolsan sp. nov. is similar to F. digitalis Seo, 2015 and F. geumsanensis Seo, 2016 but can be distinguished by the presence of three palpal tibial distal apophyses, dorsal apophysis sickle-shaped, middle apophysis black, triangular and ventral apophysis narrow and leaf-like (Fig. 1D) (vs. dorsal apophysis long and spur-like, middle apophysis black and rugulose, and ventral apophysis finger-like in F. digitalis; dorsal apophysis beak-like, middle apophysis leaf-like and ventral apophysis spur-like in F. geumsanensis); and by the bulb with a spine-like prolateral sclerite (Fig. 1C) (vs. narrow, leaf-like prolateral sclerite in F. digitalis and F. geumsanensis).

Description

Male (holotype). Total length 1.67. Prosoma 0.75 long, 0.62 wide. Opisthosoma 0.92 long, 0.66 wide. Clypeus 0.10 high. Leg measurements: I 4.39 (1.21, 0.24, 1.20, 1.03, 0.71); II 3.42 (0.90, 0.22, 0.89, 0.77, 0.64); III 2.84 (0.83, 0.22, 0.71, 0.70, 0.38); IV 4.05 (1.15, 0.24, 1.09, 0.93, 0.64). Habitus as in Fig. 1A. Prosoma brown. Eyes six (Fig. 1A). Median groove, cervical grooves and radial furrows distinct. Opisthosoma brown, ovoid. Palp (Fig. 1C, D): femur without strong spine; tibia with three distal apophyses and one spine retrolaterally, dorsal apophysis sickle-shaped, middle apophysis black, triangular, ventral apophysis narrow, leaf-like (Fig. 1D), and with one strong dorsal spur (Fig. 1C, D); tarsus with transverse depression (Fig. 1D). Bulb with embolus bearing sickle-like tip and three types of sclerites: prolateral sclerite spine-like; median sclerite shoehorn-like; retrolateral sclerite transparent and membranous (Fig. 1B–D).

Female (paratype). Similar to male in color and general features, habitus as in Fig. 2A, B. Total length 2.09. Prosoma 0.74 long, 0.62 wide. Opisthosoma 1.35 long, 1.06 wide. Clypeus 0.12 high. Leg measurements: I 3.89 (1.05, 0.25, 1.03, 0.92, 0.64); II 3.24 (0.89, 0.24, 0.86, 0.67, 0.58); III 2.81 (0.79, 0.23, 0.69, 0.64, 0.46); IV 3.72 (1.03, 0.24, 1.01, 0.85, 0.59). Internal genitalia (Fig. 2C) with atrium rectangular, genital duct coiled apically, and spermathecae pear-shaped.

Figure 2. 

Falcileptoneta dolsan sp. nov., female paratype A habitus, dorsal view B habitus, ventral view C internal genitalia, dorsal view. Abbreviations: At atrium SH spermathecae SS spermathecae stalk. Scale bars: equal for A, B.

Etymology

The specific name refers to the type locality and is a noun in apposition.

Habitat

Litter layers in mixed forest.

Distribution

South Korea (Jeollanam-do; Fig. 12).

Falcileptoneta naejangsan sp. nov.

Figures 3, 4, 12

Type material

Holotype. Male (NIBR), South Korea, Jeollabuk-do, Jeongeup-si, Naejang-dong, Mt. Naejangsan National Park (35.491727°N, 126.900469°E, elevation ca 237 m), 9 August 2019, ZG. Chen, Z. Zhao & YY. Hu leg. Paratype. 1 female (NIBR), same data as holotype.

Diagnosis

Falcileptoneta naejangsan sp. nov. is similar to F. naejangensis Seo, 2015 and F. sunchangensis Seo, 2016 but can be distinguished by the shape of the two palpal tibial retrolaterodistal apophyses, with the dorsal apophysis beak-like and the ventral apophysis spine-like (Fig. 3D) (vs. dorsal one curved and ventral one triangular, and with one spine in F. naejangensis; dorsal apophysis thick and spur-like, and ventral apophysis spine-like in F. sunchangensis); and by the male palpal bulb with a spine-like prolateral sclerite and narrow leaf-like median sclerite (Fig. 3B–D) (vs. needle-shaped prolateral sclerite and longish, shoehorn-like median sclerite in F. naejangensis; narrow, leaf-like prolateral sclerite and leaf-like median sclerite in F. sunchangensis).

Figure 3. 

Falcileptoneta naejangsan sp. nov., holotype male A habitus, dorsal view B palpal bulb, ventral view C palp, prolateral view D palp, retrolateral view. Abbreviations: E embolus MS median sclerite PS prolateral sclerite. Scale bars: equal for C, D.

Description

Male (holotype). Total length 1.68. Prosoma 0.69 long, 0.58 wide. Opisthosoma 0.99 long, 0.58 wide. Clypeus 0.10 high. Leg measurements: I 4.43 (1.15, 0.32, 1.22, 1.03, 0.71); II 3.41 (0.90, 0.26, 0.90, 0.77, 0.58); III 2.76 (0.83, 0.26, 0.65, 0.64, 0.38); IV 3.97 (1.15, 0.26, 1.15, 0.83, 0.58). Habitus as in Fig. 3A. Prosoma dark brown. Eyes six (Fig. 3A). Median groove, cervical grooves and radial furrows distinct. Opisthosoma dark brown, ovoid. Palp (Fig. 3C, D): femur lacking strong spine; tibia with two retrolaterodistal apophyses, dorsal apophysis beak-like and ventral apophysis spine-like (Fig. 3D); tarsus with transverse depression (Fig. 3D). Bulb with embolus bearing sickle-like tip and three types of sclerites: prolateral sclerite spine-like; median sclerite narrow, leaf-like; retrolateral sclerite transparent and membranous (Fig. 3B–D).

Female (paratype). Similar to male in color and general features, habitus as in Fig. 4A, B. Total length 1.80. Prosoma 0.68 long, 0.61 wide. Opisthosoma 1.12 long, 0.63 wide. Clypeus 0.11 high. Leg measurements: I 4.16 (1.15, 0.38, 1.15, 0.90, 0.58); II 3.15 (0.90, 0.26, 0.83, 0.71, 0.45); III 2.68 (0.77, 0.19, 0.64, 0.63, 0.45); IV 3.78 (1.15, 0.26, 1.09, 0.77, 0.51). Internal genitalia (Fig. 4C) with atrium rectangular, genital duct coiled apically, and spermathecae round.

Figure 4. 

Falcileptoneta naejangsan sp. nov., female paratype A habitus, dorsal view B habitus, ventral view C internal genitalia, dorsal view. Abbreviations: At atrium SH spermathecae SS spermathecae stalk. Scale bars: equal for A, B.

Etymology

The specific name refers to the type locality and is a noun in apposition.

Habitat

Litter layers in mixed forest.

Distribution

South Korea (Jeollabuk-do; Fig. 12).

Longileptoneta Seo, 2015

Longileptoneta Seo, 2015a: 306

Type species

Longileptoneta songniensis Seo, 2015 from South Korea.

Diagnosis

The genus Longileptoneta is similar to Falcileptoneta and Leptoneta in having few sclerites on the bulb and absenting cribellum but can be distinguished by the following combination of male palpal characters: femur with many strong spines (Figs 5C, D, 8A, B, 10C, D); tibia without apophyses or with simple apophyses (Figs 5D, 7D, 8B, 10D); tarsus usually with the prolateral curvature bearing prolaterodistal spurs (Figs 5C, D, 8A, B, 10C, D); bulb usually with leaf-like embolus, narrow and nearly ribbon-like prolateromesal sclerites, serrated tip, transparent and tongue-like retrolateral sclerite (Figs 5B–D, 7B–D, 10B–D).

Figure 5. 

Longileptoneta buyongsan sp. nov., holotype male A habitus, dorsal view B palpal bulb, ventral view C palp, prolateral view D palp, retrolateral view. Abbreviations: E embolus MS median sclerite PS prolateral sclerite RS retrolateral sclerite. Scale bars: equal for C, D.

Longileptoneta buyongsan sp. nov.

Figures 5, 6, 12

Type material

Holotype. Male (NIBR), South Korea, Chungcheongbuk-do, Eumseong-gun, Eumseong-eup, Sajeong-ri, Mt. Buyongsan (36.970236°N, 127.619596°E, elevation ca 167 m), 6 August 2019, ZG. Chen, Z. Zhao & YY. Hu leg. Paratypes. 1 male and 1 female (NIBR), same data as holotype.

Diagnosis

Longileptoneta buyongsan sp. nov. is similar to L. gayaensis Seo, 2016 and L. songniensis Seo, 2015 but can be distinguished by the palpal tibia with one small retrolaterodistal apophysis (Fig. 5D) (vs. tibia without apophysis in L. gayaensis and L. songniensis); by the palpal tarsus without spur at tip (Fig. 5C, D) (vs. tarsus with one spur at tip in L. gayaensis; tarsus with one spur at tip and one prolateroproximal spur, branched retrolaterally in L. songniensis); also distinguished from L. songniensis by the palpal bulb with needle-shaped prolateral sclerite and shoehorn-like median sclerite (Fig. 5B–D) (vs. without prolateral sclerite and finger-like median sclerite in L. songniensis).

Description

Male (holotype). Total length 1.86. Prosoma 0.82 long, 0.76 wide. Opisthosoma 1.04 long, 0.74 wide. Clypeus 0.11 high. Leg measurements: I 5.56 (1.60, 0.30, 1.67, 1.28, 0.71); II 4.50 (1.28, 0.26, 1.29, 1.03, 0.64); III 3.56 (1.03, 0.19, 0.89, 0.83, 0.62); IV 4.96 (1.41, 0.24, 1.47, 1.15, 0.69). Habitus as in Fig. 5A. Prosoma brownish. Eyes six (Fig. 5A). Median groove, cervical grooves and radial furrows distinct. Opisthosoma yellowish, ovoid. Palp (Fig. 5C, D): femur with many strong spines (Fig. 5C, D); tibia with one small retrolaterodistal apophysis (Fig. 5D); tarsus with many spines and prolateral curvature (Fig. 5C, D). Bulb with leaf-like embolus and three types of sclerites: prolateral sclerite needle-shaped; median sclerite shoehorn-like; retrolateral sclerite transparent and triangular (Fig. 5B–D).

Female (one of the paratypes). Similar to male in color and general features, habitus as in Fig. 6A, B. Total length 1.77. Prosoma 0.71 long, 0.61 wide. Opisthosoma 1.06 long, 0.70 wide. Clypeus 0.10 high. Leg measurements: I 3.95 (1.09, 0.25, 1.14, 0.89, 0.58); II 3.13 (0.88, 0.20, 0.87, 0.63, 0.55); III – (0.71, -, -, -, -); IV 3.79 (1.08, 0.24, 1.07, 0.83, 0.57). Internal genitalia (Fig. 6C) with atrium rectangular, spermatheca and genital duct tube-shaped, loosely coiled.

Figure 6. 

Longileptoneta buyongsan sp. nov., female paratype A habitus, dorsal view B habitus, ventral view C internal genitalia, dorsal view. Abbreviations: At atrium SH spermathecae SS spermathecae stalk. Scale bar: equal for A, B.

Etymology

The specific name refers to the type locality and is a noun in apposition.

Habitat

Litter layers in mixed forest.

Distribution

South Korea (Chungcheongbuk-do; Fig. 12).

Longileptoneta byeonsanbando sp. nov.

Figures 7, 8, 9, 12

Type material

Holotype. Male (NIBR), South Korea, Jeollabuk-do, Buan-gun, Sangseo-myeon, Cheongrim-ri, Byeonsanbando National Park (35.670146°N, 126.629253°E, elevation ca 135 m), 8 August 2019, ZG. Chen, Z. Zhao & YY. Hu leg. Paratypes. 1 male and 1 female (NIBR), same data as holotype.

Diagnosis

Longileptoneta byeonsanbando sp. nov. is similar to L. gayaensis Seo, 2016 and L. jangseongensis Seo, 2016 but can be distinguished by the palpal tibia with one distal columnar apophysis, with apophysis tip armed with one long spine retrolaterally (Figs 7D, 8B) (vs. tibia without apophysis in L. gayaensis; tibia with one small apophysis armed with one spine in L. jangseongensis); by the palpal bulb with narrow, leaf-like prolateral sclerite and ribbon-like median sclerite (Fig. 7B–D) (vs. needle-like prolateral sclerite and shoehorn-like median sclerite in L. gayaensis; without prolateral sclerite and leaf-like median sclerite in L. jangseongensis); and can be further distinguished from L. gayaensis by the presence of two spurs at tarsal tip (Fig. 8A, B) (vs. one spur in L. gayaensis).

Figure 7. 

Longileptoneta byeonsanbando sp. nov., holotype male A habitus, dorsal view B palpal bulb, ventral view C palpal bulb, prolateral view D palpal bulb, retrolateral view. Abbreviations: E embolus MS median sclerite PS prolateral sclerite. Scale bars: equal for C, D.

Description

Male (holotype). Total length 2.39. Prosoma 0.98 long, 0.86 wide. Opisthosoma 1.41 long, 0.90 wide. Clypeus 0.13 high. Leg measurements: I 6.81 (1.79, 0.33, 1.99, 1.67, 1.03); II 5.51 (1.56, 0.32, 1.54, 1.26, 0.83); III 4.43 (1.29, 0.26, 1.15, 1.02, 0.71); IV 6.15 (1.67, 0.32, 1.78, 1.47, 0.91). Habitus as in Fig. 7A. Prosoma brown. Eyes six (Fig. 7A). Median groove, cervical grooves and radial furrows distinct. Opisthosoma brown, ovoid. Palp (Figs 7C, D, 8A, B): femur with many strong spines and very long (Fig. 8A, B); patella very long (Fig. 8A, B); tibia with one distal columnar apophysis, with apophysis tip armed with one long spine retrolaterally (Figs 7D, 8B); tarsus with two spurs at tip and many spines, and with prolateral curvature (Fig. 8A, B). Bulb with leaf-like embolus and three types of sclerites: prolateral sclerite narrow, leaf-like; median sclerite ribbon-like; retrolateral sclerite with serrated tip, transparent and tongue-like (Fig. 7B–D).

Figure 8. 

Longileptoneta byeonsanbando sp. nov., holotype male A palp, prolateral view B palp, retrolateral view. Scale bars: equal for A, B.

Female (one of the paratypes). Similar to male in color and general features, habitus as in Fig. 9A, B. Total length 2.02. Prosoma 0.78 long, 0.68 wide. Opisthosoma 1.24 long, 0.86 wide. Clypeus 0.12 high. Leg measurements: I 5.23 (1.41, 0.31, 1.47, 1.14, 0.90); II 4.13 (1.16, 0.21, 1.15, 0.90, 0.71); III 3.33 (0.96, 0.19, 0.83, 0.77, 0.58); IV 4.61 (1.28, 0.32, 1.27, 1.03, 0.71). Internal genitalia (Fig. 9C): atrium trapezoidal, spermathecae and genital duct slender, tube-shaped, loosely coiled.

Figure 9. 

Longileptoneta byeonsanbando sp. nov., female paratype A habitus, dorsal view B habitus, ventral view C internal genitalia, dorsal view. Abbreviations: At atrium SH spermathecae SS spermathecae stalk. Scale bars: equal for A, B.

Etymology

The specific name refers to the type locality and is a noun in apposition.

Habitat

Litter layers in mixed forest.

Distribution

South Korea (Jeollabuk-do; Fig. 12).

Longileptoneta jirisan sp. nov.

Figures 10, 11, 12

Type material

Holotype. Male (NIBR), South Korea, Gyeongsangnam-do, Hadong-gun, Hwagye-myeon, Daeseong-ri, Mt. Jirisan National Park (35.273974°N, 127.657439°E, elevation ca 357 m), 15 August 2019, ZG. Chen, Z. Zhao & YY. Hu leg. Paratype. 1 female (NIBR), same data as holotype.

Diagnosis

Longileptoneta jirisan sp. nov. is similar to L. gachangensis Seo, 2016 and L. weolakensis Seo, 2016 but can be distinguished by the palpal tibia with one retrolaterodistal spur (Fig. 10D) (vs. tibia without apophysis in L. gachangensis and L. weolakensis); and by the palpal bulb with spur-like prolateral sclerite and tongue-like retrolateral sclerite (Fig. 10C, D) (vs. blade-like prolateral sclerite and skinny and triangular retrolateral sclerite in L. gachangensis; without prolateral sclerite and triangular retrolateral sclerite in L. weolakensis).

Figure 10. 

Longileptoneta jirisan sp. nov., holotype male A habitus, dorsal view B palpal bulb, ventral view C palp, prolateral view D palp, retrolateral view. Abbreviations: E embolus MS median sclerite PS prolateral sclerite. Scale bars: equal for C, D.

Description

Male (holotype). Total length 1.85. Prosoma 0.78 long, 0.72 wide. Opisthosoma 1.07 long, 0.76 wide. Clypeus 0.10 high. Leg measurements: I 5.52 (1.60, 0.27, 1.67, 1.35, 0.63); II 4.50 (1.35, 0.25, 1.28, 1.03, 0.59); III 3.68 (1.04, 0.19, 0.96, 0.91, 0.58); IV 5.04 (1.47, 0.26, 1.53, 1.16, 0.62). Habitus as in Fig. 10A. Prosoma brownish. Eyes six (Fig. 10A). Median groove, cervical grooves and radial furrows distinct. Opisthosoma yellowish, ovoid. Palp (Fig. 10C, D): femur with many strong spines (Fig. 10C, D); tibia with one retrolaterodistal spur (Fig. 10D); tarsus with two spurs at tip and many spines, and with prolateral curvature (Fig. 10C, D). Bulb with leaf-like embolus and three types of sclerites: prolateral sclerite spur-like; median sclerite leaf-like; retrolateral sclerite with serrated tip, transparent and tongue-like (Fig. 10B–D).

Female (paratype). Similar to male in color and general features, habitus as in Fig. 11A, B. Total length 1.76. Prosoma 0.74 long, 0.62 wide. Opisthosoma 1.02 long, 0.68 wide. Clypeus 0.10 high. Leg measurements: I 4.43 (1.28, 0.26, 1.34, 0.97, 0.58); II 3.44 (0.96, 0.22, 0.94, 0.76, 0.56); III 2.92 (0.83, 0.19, 0.74, 0.66, 0.50); IV 4.10 (1.17, 0.24, 1.16, 0.97, 0.56). Internal genitalia (Fig. 11C) with atrium trapezoidal, spermatheca and genital duct tube-shaped, loosely coiled.

Figure 11. 

Longileptoneta jirisan sp. nov., female paratype A habitus, dorsal view B habitus, ventral view C internal genitalia, dorsal view. Abbreviations: At atrium SH spermathecae SS spermathecae stalk. Scale bars: equal for A, B.

Etymology

The specific name refers to the type locality and is a noun in apposition.

Habitat

Litter layers in mixed forest.

Distribution

South Korea (Gyeongsangnam-do; Fig. 12).

Figure 12. 

Known distribution records of new leptonetid species from Korea 1 Falcileptoneta dolsan sp. nov. 2 Falcileptoneta naejangsan sp. nov. 3 Longileptoneta buyongsan sp. nov. 4 Longileptoneta byeonsanbando sp. nov. 5 Longileptoneta jirisan sp. nov.

Acknowledgements

The manuscript benefitted greatly from comments by Dimitar Dimitrov, Robert Kallal, and Sarah Crews. Danni Sherwood checked the English. This work was supported by grants from the National Institute of Biological Resources (NIBR), funded by the Ministry of Environment (MOE) of the Republic of South Korea (NIBR201902107). Part of the lab work was supported by the National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (NSFC–31772418, 31530067), and the program of Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences (no. 2019087).

References

  • Irie T, Ono H (2007) Two new species of the genus Falcileptoneta (Arachnida, Araneae, Leptonetidae) collected from Chûbu District, Honshu. Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science, Tokyo (A) 33: 175–180.
  • Komatsu T (1970) A new genus and a new species of Japanese spiders (Falcileptoneta n. g. and Sarutana kawasawai n. sp., Leptonetidae). Acta Arachnologica 23: 1–12. https://doi.org/10.2476/asjaa.23.1