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The Ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Sri Lanka: a taxonomic research summary and updated checklist
expand article infoRatnayake Kaluarachchige Sriyani Dias, Benoit Guénard§, Shahid Ali Akbar|, Evan P. Economo, Warnakulasuriyage Sudesh Udayakantha, Aijaz Ahmad Wachkoo#
‡ University of Kelaniya, Kelaniya, Sri Lanka
§ he University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
| Central Institute of Temperate Horticulture, Srinagar, India
¶ Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, Kunigamigun, Japan
# Government Degree College, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Open Access

Abstract

An updated checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Sri Lanka is presented. These include representatives of eleven of the 17 known extant subfamilies with 341 valid ant species in 79 genera. Lioponera longitarsus Mayr, 1879 is reported as a new species country record for Sri Lanka. Notes about type localities, depositories, and relevant references to each species record are given. Accounts of the dubious and some undetermined species from Sri Lanka are also provided. 82 species (24%) are endemic whereas 18 species that are non-native to Sri Lanka are recorded. The list provides a synthesis of the regional taxonomical work carried out to date and will serve as a baseline for future studies on the ant fauna of this biodiversity hotspot.

Keywords

Ants, checklist, endemism, Formicidae, Sri Lanka

Introduction

Sri Lanka is an island country located in the Indian Ocean, with latitudes ranging from 5°55'N to 9°51'N and longitudes from 79°41'E to 81°53'E. The country has a length of 432 km (268 miles) and a maximum width of 224 km (139 miles), with an area of 65,610 km2. Three distinct tropical climatic zones are prevalent in the region, the ‘wet’, ‘dry’, and ‘intermediate zones’ based on seasonal precipitation distribution. These regions receive more than 2,500 mm; less than 1,750 mm, and between 1,750 to 2,500 mm of rain respectively with average annual temperature ranging from 28 °C to 31 °C (Karunaweera et al. 2014).

The island is part of the same shallow continental shelf as India, and is only separated by an inlet of the Bay of Bengal known as the Palk Strait (Pathirana 1980; Somasekaram 1997). This 40 to 85 mile-wide and approximately 85 miles-long strait separates southeastern India and northern Sri Lanka (Vaz 2000). Historically, with high faunal affinities observed across the Palk Strait, the concept of Ceylonese or Lankan biogeographic region was conceived (Wallace 1876; Chandran 1997). More recently, both areas were considered together as the Western Ghats – Sri Lanka biodiversity hotspot, representing a single seasonal wet region in the whole of South Asia (Myers 1988; Mittermeier et al. 2004). This region on the basis of three factors: high numbers of endemics and endemic species/area ratios for both plants and vertebrates, and habitat loss is considered as one of the main hotspots of the world (Myers et al. 2000). Despite several extended periods of land connection during the past 500,000 years, Sri Lanka has maintained a fauna that is largely distinct from that of the Indian mainland (Bossuyt et al. 2004). Unfortunately, this pattern has been tested for only a limited number of taxa in plants, vertebrates, or invertebrates, due to the limitation of data available. The proportion of endemic species in plants is ~ 25%, vertebrates ~ 30%, and invertebrates ~ 43% in the groups studied in depth (Bossuyt et al. 2004; Gunawardene et al. 2007; Gunatilleke et al. 2008). Such variation in endemism and its understanding at finest possible scales will help to develop conservation management programs for the entire region (Gunawardene et al. 2007; Dad et al. 2019).

Sri Lanka is known for its remarkable biodiversity and considered to be one of the richest countries in the Asian region in terms of species concentration with regard to mammals, reptiles, amphibians, fish, and flowering plants (NARESA 1991). The highest species diversity is recorded among the flowering plants (3771 species), followed in decreasing order by the fungi (~ 2260), bryophytes (788), freshwater algae (~ 560) and ferns (314) (Gunatilleke et al. 2008). Among animals, the diversity of vertebrates is well known in comparison to that of invertebrates, where only a few groups have been studied in depth (Gunatilleke et al. 2008). With rapidly decreasing forest cover (Mattsson et al. 2012) more and more species are increasingly threatened; with to this date 27% of birds, 66% of amphibians, 56% of mammals, 49% of freshwater fish, 59% of reptiles, and 44% of flowering plants classified as threatened under the IUCN Red List categories (MOE 2012; CBD 2020). The limited number of trained taxonomists, lack of initiative to explore the biodiversity and the loss of primary forest cover are currently the biggest drawbacks in the conservation of biodiversity in Sri Lanka (Bawa et al. 2007). In particular, knowledge on the entomofauna of Sri Lanka is particularly limited, with comprehensive species checklists only available for a handful of taxonomic groups: such as bees, butterflies and Odonata (Karunaratne et al. 2012; van der Poorten 2012; van der Poorten and Conniff 2012).

Over the past 170 years, the exploration of the ant fauna of Sri Lanka has received sporadic attention and has, since its origin and for long, been dominated by European and later American scientists. Studies of Sri Lankan ants, or including specimens from the country, include in approximate chronological order, were conducted by F. Smith (1853, 1858), Roger (1860–63), Mayr (1862, 1865, 1866, 1868, 1879, 1897), Motschoulsky (1863), Emery (1887a, d, 1893a, b, c, d, 1895a, 1896, 1897b, 1901, 1911, 1912, 1922, 1925), Forel (1892a, b, c, 1893a, b, 1894, 1895a, b, 1900a, b, 1901a, 1902a, b, c, 1903a, b, c, 1904a, 1907a, b, 1908, 1909, 1911a, b, c, e, 1912a, c, d, 1913a, b), Wheeler (1919b, 1942), Karavaiev (1925a, b, c, 1926, 1929, 1933, 1935), Santschi (1928), Donisthorpe (1931, 1941, 1942a, b, c), Menozzi (1935), Chapman and Capco (1951), Brown (1954, 1958–59, 1975, 1978), Wilson et al. (1956), Gregg (1957), Wilson (1958a, b, 1964), Walker (1859–60), Bolton (1974a, b, 1975–77, 1980, 1982, 1987, 1992, 1995, 2000, 2007), Baroni Urbani (1975, 1977a, b), Moffett (1985–86), Baroni Urbani and De Andrade (1994, 2006–07), Rigato (1994), Dorow and Kohout (1995), Way and Bolton (1997), Rickson and Rickson (1998), Schödl (1998), Ward (2001), Seifert (2003), Alpert (2013), Lattke and Delsinne (2016), Seifert et al. (2017) and others. Bingham (1903) was the first author to summarize the ants of Sri Lanka (Ceylon) recording 135 species in 52 genera under five subfamilies within his checklist of ants also including India and Burma.

In recent decades, Sri Lankan authors have contributed to the taxonomic and ecological study of ants including: Dias (2002, 2006a, 2014), Gunawardene et al. (2008, 2010, 2012), Dias and Kosgamage (2012), Dias and Rajapaksa (2016), Dias et al. (2012, 2018) and Yamane and Dias (2016). The information available on ants in Sri Lanka is, however, mainly restricted to a few districts and largely confined to the ‘wet zone’. It is thus highly likely that other climatic zones, which have received less attention, may contribute significantly to the overall regional ant fauna, with possibilities of many new discoveries once properly surveyed.

It should also be noted that several exotic ant species with rampant effect on native mesofauna but mostly undocumented and unappreciated are established in Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2018). To date, there is no updated and annotated checklist of Sri Lankan ants available and therefore, the objective of the present study is to provide a comprehensive checklist of Sri Lankan ant species, and to highlight gaps where additional faunistic surveys and research are needed to fully understand the diversity of this group in the region.

Materials and methods

Data sources

The checklist is primarily based on available literature and few museum records. Most of the names of described species presented are in accordance with the most recent classification following Bolton (2020). Important references to species records are provided.

Species records are presented in function of their mention of examined material within the published publication (primary literature records; e.g., specimen of Technomyrmex albipes examined by Bolton and published in Bolton 2007), repetition of known records from other publication (secondary literature records; only the record of a previous publication is being referred to within addition of new material examined), or on the basis of specimens examined here (material examined), inclusive of specimens available on AntWeb (AntWeb records).

Images of type specimens and other AntWeb records are available online on AntWeb and are accessible using the unique ANIC, ANTWEB, CASENT, FMNHINS, FOCOL, MCZ or SAM-HYM-C identifying specimen code.

References to a particular record are arranged according to their presence in primary and secondary literature records.

Arrangement

Genera and species names are arranged in alphabetical order after being arranged by subfamily. Original descriptions plus local references are listed for all species. The acronyms used for collections are listed below:

ANIC Australian National Insect Collection, Canberra, Australia

CAS California Academy of Sciences, California, U.S.A.

DEIC Deutsches Entomologisches Institut, Müncheberg, Germany

FMNH Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago

HNHM Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest, Hungary

MCZ Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.A.

MHNG Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle, Geneva, Switzerland

MNHAH Museum of Nature and Human Activities Hyogo (Hyogo, Japan)

MNHN Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, France

MSNG Museo Civico di Storia Naturale “Giacomo Doria”, Genova, Italy

MVMA Museum Victoria Melbourne, Australia

MZH Finnish Museum of Natural History, Helsinki, Finland

MZLS Museo Zoologico La Specola, Florence, Italy

NHMB Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel, Switzerland

NHMUK Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom

NHMW Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien, Austria

OUMNH University Museum of Natural History, Oxford, U.K.

PUAC Punjabi University Patiala Ant Collection, Punjab, India

SIZK Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology, Kyiv, Ukraine

SMNG Senckenberg Museum für Naturkunde Görlitz, Görlitz

SKYC Seiki Yamane Collection

UNK Unknown depository of type material

ZEMK Department of Zoology and Environmental Management, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka

ZMHB Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universität, Berlin, Germany

ZMUC Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark

ZMUK Zoologisches Museum, Universität Kiel, Germany

ZSM Zoologische Staatssammlung München, Munich, Germany

Results and discussion

The checklist includes 341 valid species/subspecies belonging to 79 genera under eleven subfamilies, representing ca. 2.2% of the global ant diversity (Janicki et al. 2016; Guénard et al. 2017; Bolton 2020). The eleven subfamilies recorded include; Amblyoponinae; Aneuretinae; Dolichoderinae; Dorylinae; Ectatomminae; Formicinae; Leptanillinae; Myrmicinae; Ponerinae; Proceratiinae; Pseudomyrmecinae with details on species and genus level richness presented in Table 1. The most diverse genera are Camponotus (41 species and subspecies), Polyrhachis (34), Pheidole (27), Crematogaster (21), Tetramorium (16), Carebara (12) and Leptogenys (11). Three subfamilies; Formicinae; Myrmicinae, and Ponerinae, together represent more than 86% to the regional ant diversity with more than 40% of species richness found within the Myrmicinae subfamily alone.

Table 1.

Diversity of subfamilies, genera, and species known from Sri Lanka.

Subfamily Genus Species (subspecies)
Amblyoponinae (3 genera, 3 species) Myopopone 1
Prionopelta 1
Stigmatomma 1
Aneuretinae (1 genus, 1 species) Aneuretus 1
Dolichoderinae (6 genera, 13 species & 1 subspecies) Chronoxenus 1
Dolichoderus 2 (1)
Iridomyrmex 1
Ochetellus 1
Tapinoma 3
Technomyrmex 5
Dorylinae (6 genera, 19 species) Aenictus 7
Dorylus 2
Lioponera 2
Ooceraea 4
Parasyscia 3
Syscia 1
Ectatomminae (1 genus, 2 species) Gnamptogenys 2
Formicinae (13 genera, 81 species & 21 subspecies) Acropyga 2
Anoplolepis 1
Camponotus 28 (13)
Colobopsis 2
Lepisiota 6 (1)
Myrmoteras 1
Nylanderia 6 (1)
Oecophylla 1
Paratrechina 1
Plagiolepis 3
Polyrhachis 28 (6)
Prenolepis 1
Pseudolasius 1
Leptanillinae (3 genera, 3 species) Leptanilla 1
Protanilla 1
Yavnella 1
Myrmicinae (29 genera, 126 species & 12 subspecies) Acanthomyrmex 1
Anillomyrma 1
Aphaenogaster 1
Calyptomyrmex 3
Cardiocondyla 5
Carebara 11 (1)
Cataulacus 4
Crematogaster 16 (5)
Dilobocondyla 1
Erromyrma 1
Lophomyrmex 3
Meranoplus 5
Metapone 1
Monomorium 6
Myrmicinae (29 genera, 126 species & 12 subspecies) Myrmecina 1
Myrmicaria 2
Paratopula 1
Pheidole 22 (5)
Pristomyrmex 2
Recurvidris 2
Rhopalomastix 2
Solenopsis 2
Stereomyrmex 1
Strumigenys 6
Syllophopsis 1
Tetramorium 16
Trichomyrmex 7 (1)
Tyrannomyrmex 1
Vollenhovia 1
Ponerinae (15 genera, 47 species & 7 subspecies) Anochetus 8
Bothroponera 3
Brachyponera 3
Centromyrmex 1 (1)
Cryptopone 1
Diacamma 4 (2)
Harpegnathos 1 (2)
Hypoponera 8
Leptogenys 10 (1)
Mesoponera 1
Myopias 1
Odontomachus 1
Parvaponera 1
Platythyrea 2
Pseudoneoponera 2 (1)
Proceratiinae (1 genus, 1 species) Discothyrea 1
Pseudomyrmecinae (1 genus, 4 species) Tetraponera 4

The exploration of the Sri Lankan ant fauna and descriptions of species has, however, been relatively limited during the past few decades. For instance, more than a century ago, by 1920, 66.8% of the diversity currently known had already been recorded (Fig. 1). This number increased slowly for 80 years with the addition of 69 newly recorded species (19.9% of the total fauna); and slightly faster in the most recent 20 years with an addition of 46 species (12.7%) mainly through the work of local scientists (Fig. 1A, B). The taxonomic work still required on Sri Lankan ants is likely to be important due to the high number of species and subspecies recorded more than a century ago, at a time when species descriptions were sometimes incomplete or species boundaries poorly defined, later leading to potential misidentifications (see Table 4). As a result, work on regional exploration and the use of new sampling are both needed, as shown by the paucity of certain diverse genera (e.g., Colobopsis, Myrmecina, Stigmatomma, Strumigenys), while taxonomic revisions of specimens for the region based on newly collected material to confirm past identifications or to help in the descriptions of new species should help in providing a more complete overview of the diversity of the Sri Lankan myrmecofauna.

Figure 1. 

A Rate of species recording in Sri Lanka per decade from 1886 to 2020, and B number of species recorded in Sri Lanka per period in function of the origins of the authors contributing to these discoveries. The last two decades are shown separately as they present a change in species discovery (two species are not included as time of discovery is unknown).

Of the three traditionally distinct climatic zones in Sri Lanka: ‘dry’ (~ 40669 km2), ‘intermediate’ (~ 9670 km2) and the ‘wet zone’ (~ 15267 km2), most of the ant surveys and species occurrence have been reported from the ‘wet zone’ areas, which include some of the well protected and intact forest regions of the country (Fig. 2; Suppl. material 2). The ‘wet zone’ supports the greatest diversity (231 species), followed by the ‘dry’ (113 species), and the ‘intermediate zone’ (71 species). It should be noted that most of the northern and eastern regions of the country, located in the dry zone, have received limited sampling coverage, and that future surveys should focus on these regions. Sixty-four species recorded from Sri Lanka could not be assigned to any zone as they lack precise location information within the country underlying, here again, the paucity of surveys since the time of their original recording in Sri Lanka and the need for future and further research in the various regions of the country.

Figure 2. 

Map of Sri Lanka with ant sampling localities in different zones.

Endemic species

Sri Lanka is known to have diverse vegetation types and a distinctive fauna characterized by a high degree of endemicity (Gunawardene et al. 2007; Gunatilleke et al. 2008). Of the 341 ant species/subspecies present in Sri Lanka, only 82 species (24%) are considered as endemic (Table 2). Thanks to recent global compilation and regional work on ant distribution, the number of species identified as endemic species to Sri Lanka has greatly increased in comparison of previous work in which only 33 species (17% of 194 species) had been identified (Dias et al. 2012). It should be noted, nonetheless, that the current level of endemism retrieved in ants is relatively low in comparison of flowering plants (28%), odonates (48%), reptiles (59%), land snails (83%), and amphibians (85%) (Gunawardene et al. 2007; Gunatilleke et al. 2008; MOE 2012). Potentially, a similar pattern of high species richness and endemism might be likely for ants, but further comprehensive surveys in addition to thorough taxonomic work are first needed to fully depict this pattern. However, the current legal framework for biodiversity conservation allowing the export of specimens outside Sri Lanka is very restrictive and might represent a serious limitation to the completion of the taxonomic work that could be undertaken within the country. Moreover, with ongoing landscape modification in the region, many species have been driven to critical status (Somaweera et al. 2015; Perera et al. 2017; Karawita et al. 2018), therefore, urgent, large-scale, and sustained efforts to monitor, characterize, and conserve the ant fauna of Sri Lanka is critical.

Table 2.

List of the 82 endemic ants in Sri Lanka.

Aneuretinae Carebara sinhala Fischer, Azorsa & Fisher, 2014
Aneuretus simoni Emery, 1893 Crematogaster apicalis Motschoulsky, 1863
Dorylinae Crematogaster brunnescens Motschoulsky, 1863
Aenictus biroi Forel, 1907 Crematogaster consternens (Walker, 1859)
Ooceraea coeca Mayr, 1897 Crematogaster desecta Forel, 1911
Ooceraea fragosa Roger, 1862 Crematogaster dohrni gigas Forel, 1913
Parasyscia luteoviger (Brown, 1975) Crematogaster pellens Walker, 1859
Ectatomminae Crematogaster rogeri Emery, 1922
Gnamptogenys sinhala Lattke, 2016 Crematogaster rothneyi haputalensis Forel, 1913
Formicinae Dilobocondyla didita (Walker, 1859)
Camponotus albipes Emery, 1893 Meranoplus boltoni Schödl, 1998
Camponotus auriculatus Mayr, 1897 Meranoplus loebli Schödl, 1998
Camponotus fletcheri Donisthorpe, 1942 Metapone greeni Forel, 1911
Camponotus greeni Forel, 1911 Monomorium taprobanae Forel, 1913
Camponotus latebrosus (Walker, 1859) Pheidole barreleti Forel, 1903
Camponotus mendax integer Forel, 1895 Pheidole ceylonica (Motschoulsky, 1863)
Camponotus ominosus Forel, 1911 Pheidole diffidens (Walker, 1859)
Camponotus reticulatus yerburyi Forel, 1893 Pheidole gracilipes (Motschoulsky, 1863)
Camponotus sesquipedalis Roger, 1863 Pheidole horni Emery, 1901
Camponotus simoni Emery, 1893 Pheidole latinoda peradeniyae Forel, 1911
Camponotus variegatus intrans Forel, 1911 Pheidole rugosa Smith F, 1858
Camponotus wedda Forel, 1908 Pheidole sulcaticeps vellicans Forel, 1911
Myrmoteras ceylonicum Gregg, 1957 Pheidole templaria euscrobata Forel, 1913
Nylanderia taylori levis (Forel, 1913) Pristomyrmex sinharaja Dias & Yamane, 2016
Nylanderia vagabunda (Motschoulsky, 1863) Rhopalomastix escherichi Forel, 1911
Plagiolepis pissina Roger, 1863 Stereomyrmex horni Emery, 1901
Polyrhachis bugnioni Forel, 1908 Strumigenys inopinata (De Andrade, 1994)
Polyrhachis convexa isabellae Forel, 1908 Strumigenys veddha De Andrade, 2007
Polyrhachis gibbosa Forel, 1908 Tetramorium curvispinosum Mayr, 1897
Polyrhachis nigra Mayr, 1862 Tetramorium transversarium Roger, 1863
Polyrhachis sophocles Forel, 1908 Trichomyrmex emeryi laevior (Mayr, 1897)
Polyrhachis tibialis pectita Santschi, 1928 Trichomyrmex rogeri Mayr, 1865
Polyrhachis xanthippe Forel, 1911 Tyrannomyrmex legatus Alpert, 2013
Polyrhachis yerburyi Forel, 1893 Vollenhovia escherichi Forel, 1911
Leptanillinae Ponerinae
Leptanilla besucheti Baroni Urbani, 1977 Anochetus consultans (Walker, 1859)
Protanilla schoedli Baroni Urbani and De Andrade, 2006 Anochetus longifossatus Mayr, 1897
Myrmicinae Anochetus nietneri (Roger, 1861)
Calyptomyrmex singalensis Baroni Urbani, 1975 Anochetus pangens (Walker, 1859)
Calyptomyrmex tamil Baroni Urbani, 1975 Harpegnathos saltator taprobanae Forel, 1909
Carebara butteli (Forel, 1913) Hypoponera taprobanae (Forel, 1913)
Carebara ceylonensis (Forel, 1911) Leptogenys exundans (Walker, 1859)
Carebara deponens (Walker, 1859) Leptogenys meritans (Walker, 1859)
Carebara diversa taprobanae (Smith F, 1858) Pseudoneoponera rufipes ceylonensis (Forel, 1911)
Carebara escherichi (Forel, 1911)

Non-native species

The current list of introduced and established species in Sri Lanka includes 18 species largely dominated by the Myrmicinae (13) and completed by the Ponerinae (3) and Formicinae (2) subfamilies (Table 3). The ecological impacts of non-native and invasive ant species with rampant effect on native mesofauna have not been studied in Sri Lanka, but the well-known effects of some of these species in other regions of the world (Wittman 2014), including within Asia (Wong et al. 2020), may hint towards similar outcomes. Therefore, more efforts should be directed to evaluate the distribution, ecology, and various impacts of non-native species. Potential threat of non-native species on native species, particularly endemics should be evaluated to safeguard the native ant fauna. Finally, the limited efforts in the study of Sri Lankan ants suggests that more non-native species could be discovered in future studies, or through biogeographic studies aiming at determining more precisely the native from the introduced ranges of species widespread within Asia and beyond.

Table 3.

List of non-native ants in Sri Lanka. Species with an asterisk * are considered as invasive in other regions of the world.

Formicinae (2 species) Myrmicinae (13 species) Ponerinae (3 species)
Nylanderia vividula Cardiocondyla emeryi Hypoponera punctatissima
Paratrechina longicornis Monomorium monomorium Hypoponera ragusai
Monomorium pharaonis Leptogenys falcigera
Monomorium subopacum
Pheidole megacephala*
Solenopsis geminata
Strumigenys emmae
Strumigenys membranifera
Syllophopsis australica
Tetramorium bicarinatum
Tetramorium pacificum
Tetramorium simillimum
Tetramorium tonganum

Misidentifications and dubious/erroneous records

To correct the errors cited in earlier literature so as to reduce the taxonomic confusion by eliminating misinformation associated with Sri Lankan ants, 58 ant taxa previously reported from the country are here marked as dubious based on either erroneous data in terms of misidentifications, misspellings, erroneous locality, or potential occurrence. A brief explanation is provided about their dubious status (Table 4).

Table 4.

Dubious/unverified records of ants in Sri Lanka.

Name References Explanation
Amblyoponinae
Prionopelta nominata (Smith F, 1871) Chapman and Capco 1951: 27 (Ceylon) Australian: Possible misidentification of Prionopelta kraepelini Forel, 1905
Stigmatomma testaceum (Motschoulsky, 1863) Motschoulsky 1863: 15 (Ceylon) This species is a nomen nudum and thus its recollection is difficult due to a lack of sufficient description to identify the species
Dolichoderinae
Chronoxenus myops (Forel, 1895) Li-Zhong 2006: 263 (Sri Lanka) No specimen base to confirm distribution in Sri Lanka
Chronoxenus walshi (Forel, 1895) Li-Zhong 2006: 263 (Sri Lanka) No specimen base to confirm distribution in Sri Lanka
Iridomyrmex chasei Forel, 1902 Forel 1908: 3 (Pattipola, Ceylon), Chapman and Capco 1951: 189 (Ceylon), Dias 2002: 19 (Sri Lanka) Australian: disjunctive distribution, needs confirmation in Sri Lanka
Technomyrmex modiglianii Emery, 1900 Dias 2002: 19 (Sri Lanka) Wrongly included for Technomyrmex elatior Forel, 1902
Dorylinae
Aenictus aratus Wheeler & Chapman, 1930 Dias 2002: 17 (Sri Lanka), Rajan et al. 2006: 166 (Sri Lanka) Australian: extra Australian specimens being referable to Aenictus aitkenii Forel, 1901 (Shattuck, 2008)
Aenictus binghami Forel, 1900 Gunawardene et al. 2008: 79 (Sinharaja Forest Reserve), Gunawardene et al. 2012: 84 (Sinharaja Forest Reserve) Unlikely in Sri Lanka
Cerapachys sulcinodis Emery, 1889 Li-Zhong 2006: 263 (Sri Lanka), Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 34 (Kurunegala) No specimen base to confirm distribution in Sri Lanka
Dorylus laevigatus (Smith F, 1857) Dias et al. 2012: 17 (Sri Lanka), Dias 2014: 95 (Sri Lanka), Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 34 (Anuradhapura, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa) No specimen base to confirm distribution in Sri Lanka
Formicinae
Camponotus albosparsus Bingham, 1903 Chapman and Capco 1951: 243 (Ceylon) Unlikely in Sri Lanka
Camponotus angusticollis sanguinolentus Forel, 1895 Sheela 2008a: 11 (Sri Lanka) No specimen base to confirm distribution in Sri Lanka
Camponotus horni Clark, 1930 Forel 1903a: 712 (Nalanda), Dias 2002: 18 (Sri Lanka) Australian: disjunctive distribution, needs confirmation in Sri Lanka
Camponotus maculatus (Fabricius, 1782) Dias 2006a: 50 (Sri Lanka) No specimen base to confirm distribution in Sri Lanka
Camponotus mayri Forel, 1879 Li-Zhong 2006: 264 (Sri Lanka) Afrotropical: no specimen base to confirm distribution in Sri Lanka
Camponotus nirvanae Forel, 1893 AntWeb 2020 (Ceylon: CASENT 0910542) Forel (1893) did not list Ceylon as the type locality for any of the syntypes. Locality label seems ambiguous.
Camponotus sericeus peguensis Emery, 1895 Ceylon (Emery 1925: 126), Chapman and Capco 1951: 242 (Ceylon) Unlikely in Sri Lanka
Camponotus sericeus sanguiniceps Donisthorpe, 1942 Chapman and Capco 1951: 242 (Ceylon) Unlikely in Sri Lanka
Echinopla striata aciculata (Smith F, 1858) Chapman and Capco 1951: 284 (Ceylon) Unlikely in Sri Lanka
Formica fuscicauda Motschoulsky, 1863 Motschoulsky 1863: 12 (Ceylon), Emery 1925: 270 (Ceylon) Incertae sedis in genus, unidentifiable
Formica subpicea Motschoulsky, 1863 Motschoulsky 1863: 12 (Ceylon), Emery 1925: 270 (Ceylon) Incertae sedis in genus, unidentifiable
Lepisiota modesta (Forel, 1894) Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 61 (Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa) No specimen base to confirm distribution in Sri Lanka
Myrmoteras binghamii Forel, 1893 Dias 2006a: 50 (Sri Lanka), Gunawardene et al. 2008: 80 (Sinharaja Forest Reserve), Gunawardene et al. 2012: 84 (Sinharaja Forest Reserve) Needs confirmation in Sri Lanka (Bui et al. 2013)
Paraparatrechina minutula (Forel, 1901) Gunawardene et al. 2012: 83 (Sinharaja Forest Reserve) Australian: disjunctive distribution, needs confirmation in Sri Lanka
Polyrhachis bellicosa Smith F, 1859 Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 35 (Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Polonnaruwa, Ratnapura) No specimen base to confirm distribution in Sri Lanka
Polyrhachis cingula Donisthorpe, 1947 AntWeb 2020 (Ceylon, Peradeniya: CASENT 0912101) This is a misidentification. Clearly the two specimens on Antweb do not show the same species and the individual from New Guinea is a type.
Polyrhachis hippomanes Smith F, 1861 Dias 2002: 19 (Sri Lanka) Wrongly included for Polyrhachis hippomanes ceylonensis Emery, 1893
Polyrhachis moesta Emery, 1887 Li-Zhong 2006: 271 (Sri Lanka) No specimen base to confirm distribution in Sri Lanka
Polyrhachis spinigera Mayr, 1879 Emery 1893a: 254 (Kandy) Probably a misidentification of Polyrhachis lacteipennis Smith F, 1858. Emery (1901) listed P. lacteipennis as a denizen of Sri Lanka, without any reference to P. spinigera Mayr, 1879
Polyrhachis ypsilon Emery, 1887 Forel 1893a: 31 (Ceylon), Emery 1925: 182 (Ceylon) Needs confirmation in Sri Lanka (record absent in Kohout 2014)
Pseudolasius familiaris (Smith F, 1860) Gunawardene et al. 2008: 80 (Sinharaja Forest Reserve), Gunawardene et al. 2012: 84 (Sinharaja Forest Reserve) Distribution in Sri Lanka seems far remote from the known distribution of this species in Asia
Myrmicinae
Carebara affinis spinosior (Forel, 1911) Forel 1913b: 662 (Nalanda) Probably a misidentification. Needs further confirmation in Sri Lanka
Cardiocondyla nuda Mayr, 1866 Kugler 1984: 11 (Ceylon), Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 306 (Sri Lanka), Dias 2002: 18 (Sri Lanka), Tiwari et al. 2003: 492 (Sri Lanka); Dias 2006a: 51 (Sri Lanka), Ghosh et al. 2006: 386 (Sri Lanka), Li-Zhong 2006: 265 (Sri Lanka), Rajan et al. 2006: 174 (Sri Lanka), Gunawardene et al. 2008: 81 (Sinharaja Forest Reserve), Amarasinghe 2010: 12 (Nawalapitiya), Dias et al. 2012: 15 (Sri Lanka), Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 62 (Hathamuna, Somawathiya Sanctuary), Dias 2014: 164 (Sri Lanka), Dias and Ruchirani 2014: 88 (Kuluna Kanda Proposed Forest Reserve), Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 35 (Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa), Dias and Udayakantha 2016b: 5 (Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve), Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 72 (Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve) Misidentification of Cardiocondyla kagutsuchi Terayama, 1999 (Seifert, 2003)
Crematogaster politula Forel, 1902 Dias et al. 2012: 15 (Sri Lanka), Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 35 (Puttalam) No specimen base to confirm distribution in Sri Lanka
Crematogaster treubi Emery, 1896 Dias 2002: 18 (Sri Lanka), Hosoishi and Ogata 2009: 62 (Sri Lanka) No specimen base to confirm distribution in Sri Lanka
Lophomyrmex ambiguus Rigato, 1994 Sheela and Ghosh 2008 (Sri Lanka) No specimen base to confirm distribution in Sri Lanka
Monomorium chinense Santschi, 1925 Li-Zhong 2006: 268 (Sri Lanka) No specimen base to confirm distribution in Sri Lanka
Monomorium salomonis (Linnaeus, 1758) Magretti 1884: 540 (Ceylon) Needs confirmation of distribution in Oriental region
Myrmecina curtisi Donisthorpe, 1949 Gunawardene et al. 2008: 81 (Sinharaja Forest Reserve) Australian: possible misidentification of Myrmecina striata Emery, 1889
Myrmica obscurata Motschoulsky, 1863 Motschoulsky 1863: 16 (Ceylon) Incertae sedis in genus, unidentifiable
Myrmica pilinodis Motschoulsky, 1863 Motschoulsky 1863: 16 (Ceylon) Incertae sedis in genus, unidentifiable
Pheidole templaria Forel, 1902 Dias 2002: 17 (Sri Lanka), Dias 2006a: 52 (Sri Lanka), Dias et al. 2012: 16 (Sri Lanka) Wrongly included for Pheidole templaria euscrobata Forel, 1913
Rogeria sp. Gunawardene et al. 2008: 75 (Sinharaja Forest Reserve), Gunawardene et al. 2010: 558 (Sinharaja Forest Reserve) Probably a misidentification. The genus is known only from the Nearctic, Neotropical, and Oceanian realms
Strumigenys lewisi Cameron, 1886 Forel 1903a: 707 (Ceylon), Emery 1897a: 574 (Ceylon) Unlikely in Sri Lanka
Tetramorium flavipes Emery, 1893 Chapman and Capco 1951: 180 (Ceylon) Unlikely in Sri Lanka
Tetramorium guineense (Bernard, 1953) Forel 1911a: 225 (Seenigoda), Dias, 2002: 18 (Sri Lanka). Should be Tetramorium bicarinatum (Nylander, 1846) (Bolton, 1977)
Tetramorium nodiferum (Emery, 1901) Emery 1912: 104 (Ceylon). Afrotropical: disjunctive distribution, needs confirmation in Sri Lanka
Trichomyrmex emeryi (Mayr, 1895) Dias 2002: 18 (Sri Lanka). Wrongly included for Trichomyrmex emeryi laevior (Mayr, 1897)
Ponerinae
Diacamma geometricum (Smith F, 1857) Li-Zhong 2006: 266 (Sri Lanka) No specimen base to confirm distribution in Sri Lanka. Reported so far from SE Asia only (Laciny et al. 2015)
Diacamma rugosum celebense Emery, 1887 Emery 1897b: 156 (Ceylon), Forel 1900b: 319 (Ceylon) Probably a misidentification. Needs confirmation of distribution in Sri Lanka
Diacamma vagans (Smith F, 1860) Emery 1887d: 440 (Pointe de Galle), Mukherji and Ribeiro 1925: 205 (Ceylon), Chapman and Capco 1951: 59 (Ceylon), Ali 1991: 3 (Sri Lanka), Tiwari 1999: 25 (Sri Lanka) Could be a different species (Laciny et al. 2015)
Hypoponera truncata (Smith F, 1860) Gunawardene et al. 2008: 83 (Sinharaja Forest Reserve) Personal communication Barry Bolton 2 July 2012
Odontomachus haematodus (Linnaeus, 1758) Emery 1893a: 243 (Kandy, Colombo, Nuwara Eliya), Emery 1901: 113 (Ceylon), Emery 1911: 114 (Ceylon), Forel 1900a: 58 (Ceylon), Forel 1908: 2 (Puwakpitiya, Galle), Forel 1911a: 215 (Ceylon), Viehmeyer 1912: 18 (Ceylon), Karavaiev 1926: 417 (Kandy), Chapman and Capco 1951: 43 (Ceylon), Ali 1991: 4 (Sri Lanka), Tiwari 1999: 21 (Sri Lanka), Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 289 (Sri Lanka), Dias 2002: 19 (Sri Lanka), Tiwari et al. 2003: 474 (Sri Lanka), Amarasinghe 2010: 12 (Nawalapitiya). Should be Odontomachus simillimus Smith F, 1858
Odontomachus monticola Emery, 1892 Li-Zhong 2006: 269 (Sri Lanka). No specimen base to confirm distribution in Sri Lanka
Odontoponera transversa (Smith F, 1857) Li-Zhong 2006: 269 (Sri Lanka). No specimen base to confirm distribution in Sri Lanka
Pseudomyrmecinae
Tetraponera aitkenii (Forel, 1902) Ali 1992: 1 (Sri Lanka), Tiwari 1999: 34 (Sri Lanka), Dias 2002: 17 (Sri Lanka) Personal communication Phil Ward 18 August 2015
Tetraponera attenuata Smith F, 1877 Gunawardene et al. 2008: 83 (Sinharaja Forest Reserve), Gunawardene et al. 2012: 83 (Sinharaja Forest Reserve). Personal communication Phil Ward 18 August 2015
Tetraponera difficilis (Emery, 1900) Gunawardene et al. 2008: 83 (Sinharaja Forest Reserve). Personal communication Phil Ward, 18 August 2015

Checklist

AMBLYOPONINAE

Myopopone: 1 species

Myopopone castanea (Smith F, 1860)

Amblyopone castaneus Smith F, 1860a: 105. Type locality (TL): [Bac.] Bacan, Maluku Utara: Indonesia [Syntype: OUMNH]. [Images of CASENT 0901371 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Kottawa (Emery 1893a: 240), Ceylon (Forel 1900a: 54), Peradeniya (Forel 1913a: 5), Trincomalee (Donisthorpe 1942a: 30), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 79); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Bingham 1903: 34), Ceylon (Emery 1911: 26), Ceylon (Wheeler 1919a: 50), Ceylon (Wheeler and Chapman 1925: 57), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 23), Ceylon (Brown 1960: 173), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Xu and He 2011: 234), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18); AntWeb records: Hantana, Kandy: ANIC 32-026167, CASENT 0102523, CASENT 0104580, CASENT 0104581, CASENT 0752184 (AntWeb 2020).

Prionopelta: 1 species

Prionopelta kraepelini Forel, 1905

Prionopelta kraepelini Forel, 1905: 3. TL: Tjompea, near Bogor, Java: Indonesia [Syntype: MHNG].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Pompekelle, Ratnapura (Dias et al. 2018: 452).

Stigmatomma: 1 species

Stigmatomma bellii (Forel, 1900)

Amblyopone bellii Forel, 1900a: 55. TL: [Kanara], Karnataka: India [Holotype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0102510 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Material examined: 1 worker [ZEMK], Puttalam District, Panirendawa Forest, 7°33'N, 79°53'E, 23.iii.2009 (leg. H.A.W.S. Peiris); AntWeb records: Southern Palatupana, near entrance Yala National Park: CASENT 0172186 (Antweb 2020).

ANEURETINAE

Aneuretus: 1 species

Aneuretus simoni Emery, 1893

Aneuretus simoni Emery, 1893b: cclxxvi. TL: Kandy: Sri Lanka [Syntype: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0905041 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Kandy (Emery 1893a: 242), Ceylon (Emery 1893b: cclxxvi), Ceylon (Forel 1895a: 462), Ceylon (Forel 1912a: 771), Ceylon (Forel 1913a: 88), Kandy, Peradeniya, Adam’s Peak Forest Reserves, Gilimale, Ratnapura (Wilson et al. 1956: 95), Gilimale (Jayasuriya and Traniello 1985: 366), Sri Lanka (Traniello and Jayasuriya 1985: 376), Sri Lanka (Shattuck 1994: 1), Ratnapura (Dias 2006a: 45), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 79), Gilimale Forest Reserve (Dias and Perera 2011: 73), Kirikanda (Dias et al. 2011: 99), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2012: 84), Kirikanda Forest (Dias et al. 2013: 64), Moraella, Rambukoluwa (Karunarathna and Karunaratne 2013: 4606), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 58), Kalugala Proposed Forest Reserve, Kuluna Kanda Proposed Forest Reserve, Wilpita “Aranya Kele” (Dias and Ruchirani 2014: 88), Meethirigala Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2015: 31), Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Ratnapura, Kalutara (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 33, 38), Meethirigala Forest Reserve (Dias and Udayakantha 2016a: 53), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Dias and Udayakantha 2016b: 5), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 68); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1913: 7), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 181), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15), Sri Lanka (Boudinot 2015: 17); AntWeb records: Kandy, Sinharaja Forest Reserve, Sabaragamuwa, Gilimale: ANTWEB 1008503, CASENT 0007014, CASENT 0010853, CASENT 0102369, CASENT 0102370, CASENT 0172258–2259, CASENT 0637363, CASENT 0905041 (AntWeb 2020).

DOLICHODERINAE

Chronoxenus: 1 species

Chronoxenus wroughtonii (Forel, 1895)

Bothriomyrmex wroughtonii Forel, 1895a: 470. TL: [Kanara], Karnataka: India [Lectotype: NHMB]. [Images of CASENT 0911493 lectotype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1895a: 470), Sri Lanka (Shattuck 1994: 37), South Sri Lanka (Way and Bolton 1997: 443), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 79); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1913: 29), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 187), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 263), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 168).

Dolichoderus: 3 species/subspecies

Dolichoderus taprobanae (Smith F, 1858)

Formica taprobane Smith F, 1858: 13. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0902971 holotype queen examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Smith, F. 1858: 13), Kandy (Emery 1893a: 249), Ceylon (Forel 1895a; 466), Sri Lanka (Shattuck 1994: 68), Colombo (Dill 2002: 63), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 82), Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 33); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1913: 14), Ceylon (Wheeler 1919a: 99), Emery 1925: 271 (Ceylon), Ceylon (Menozzi 1932: 11), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 200), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0902971 (AntWeb 2020).

Dolichoderus taprobanae gracilipes (Mayr, 1879)

Hypoclinea gracilipes Mayr, 1879: 658. TL: [Calcutta] Kolkata, West Bengal: India [Syntype: NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0915558 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1895a: 466); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Bingham 1903: 296), Sri Lanka (Dill 2002: 64).

Dolichoderus thoracicus (Smith F, 1860)

Tapinoma thoracica Smith F, 1860b: 69. TL: [Mak.] Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan: Indonesia [Syntype: OUMNH]. [Images of CASENT 0901926 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Wheeler 1942: 212), Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 33); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dill 2002: 65).

Iridomyrmex: 1 species

Iridomyrmex anceps (Roger, 1863)

Formica anceps Roger, 1863: 164. TL: [Malakka], Selangor: Malaysia [Syntypes: ZMHB]. [Images of FOCOL 2796–2797 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1895a: 469); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Bingham 1903: 299), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 246), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 267).

Ochetellus: 1 species

Ochetellus glaber (Mayr, 1862)

Hypoclinea glabra Mayr, 1862: 705. TL: [Sidney] Sydney, New South Wales: Australia [Syntype: NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0915587 syntype male examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17).

Tapinoma: 3 species

Tapinoma annandalei (Wheeler, 1928)

Zatapinoma annandalei Wheeler, 1928: 20. TL: Barkuda Island, Chilka Lake, Madras: India [Syntypes: MCZ].

Distribution. Dry Zone; AntWeb records: Polonnaruwa, Mahawa: CASENT 0172851, 0172852, CASENT 0172855 (AntWeb 2020).

Tapinoma indicum Forel, 1895

Tapinoma indicum Forel, 1895a: 472. TL: [Poona] Pune: India [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0909774 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1909: 395), Trincomalee (Forel 1913b: 663), Sri Lanka Cashew Corporation-East, eastern Sri Lanka (Rickson and Rickson 1998: 843), Ratnapura, Galle (Dias 2006a: 45), Dambulla (Dias and Kosgamage 2008: 115), Gilimale Forest Reserve (Dias and Perera 2011: 71), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 61), Kirikanda Forest (Dias et al. 2013: 64), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 83), Kuluna Kanda Proposed Forest Reserve (Dias and Ruchirani 2014: 88), Mawathagama, Kurunegala (Dias and Peiris 2015b: 25), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 33); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1913: 41), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 193), Sri Lanka (Shattuck 1994: 145), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17).

Tapinoma melanocephalum (Fabricius, 1793)

Formica melanocephala Fabricius, 1793: 353. TL: Cayenne, French Guiana [Type: UNK].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Colombo (Emery 1893a: 249), Ceylon (Forel 1895a: 472), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 121), Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 226), Kelaniya, Colombo, Ratnapura (Dias 2006a: 45), Dambulla (Dias and Kosgamage 2008: 115), Nawalapitiya (Amarasinghe 2010: 12), Gilimale Forest Reserve (Dias and Perera 2011: 71), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 61), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 82), Kuluna Kanda Proposed Forest Reserve (Dias and Ruchirani 2014: 88), Ihakuluweva (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 5), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 33), Meethirigala Forest Reserve (Dias and Udayakantha 2016a: 53); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17); AntWeb records: Laxapathiya, nr. Moratuwa: CASENT 0172853, 0172854 (AntWeb 2020).

Technomyrmex: 5 species

Technomyrmex albipes (Smith F, 1861)

Formica albipes Smith F, 1861: 38. TL: Tondano [Tond], Sulawesi Utara: Indonesia [Syntypes: OUMNH]. [Images of CASENT 0102952 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Kandy, Kottawa, Matale, Nawalapitiya (Emery 1893a: 249), Ceylon (Forel 1895a; 467), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 121), Puwakpitiya (Forel 1908: 3), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 395), Peradeniya, Seenigoda (Forel 1911a: 226), Peradeniya (Forel 1913a: 94), Bandarawela, Nalanda (Forel 1913b: 663), Peradeniya (Karavaiev 1926: 441), Nalanda (Baroni Urbani 1977a: 87), Colombo, Bandarawela, Nalanda (Shattuck 1994: 157, 158), South Sri Lanka (Way and Bolton 1997: 443), Sri Lanka Cashew Corporation-East, eastern Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka Cashew Corporation-West, western Sri Lanka, Panadura, Pushparanghnam Estate (Rickson and Rickson 1998: 843), Pattiyagedara, Sitrakala, Kandy, Hantana, Kataluoya Estate, Nuwara Eliya, Horton Plains N.P., Anuradhapura Dist., Maha Illupullansa Res. Farm, Prov. Uva, Egodapitiya Nilgala, Rat. Dist., Induruwa Jungle, Gilimale, Colombo, nr Kandy, Bandarawela, Nalanda (Bolton 2007: 71), Dambulla (Dias and Kosgamage 2008: 115), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 79), Nawalapitiya (Amarasinghe 2010: 12), Gilimale Forest Reserve (Dias and Perera 2011: 71), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 61), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2012: 84), Kirikanda Forest (Dias et al. 2013: 64), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 85), Kuluna Kanda Proposed Forest Reserve, Wilpita “Aranya Kele” (Dias and Ruchirani 2014: 88), Ihakuluweva, Pallama, Madurankuliya (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 5), Sinhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Peiris 2015b: 25), Meethirigala Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2015: 31), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 33), Meethirigala Forest Reserve (Dias and Udayakantha 2016a: 54), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Dias and Udayakantha 2016b: 5), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 72); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Viehmeyer 1912: 22), Ceylon (Emery 1922: 158), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 195), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17); AntWeb records: Bandarawela, Nalanda, Induruwa Jungle, Gilimale: ANIC 32-011779, CASENT 0909789, CASENT 0909792, CASENT 0915552, FOCOL 0181–0182 (AntWeb 2020).

Technomyrmex bicolor Emery, 1893

Technomyrmex bicolor Emery, 1893a: 249. TL: Kandy: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0905071 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Kandy (Emery 1893a: 250), Ceylon (Forel 1895a: 467), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 395), Kelaniya (Dias 2006a: 45), Kandy (Bolton 2007: 72), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 79), Gilimale Forest Reserve (Dias and Perera 2011: 71), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 61), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2012: 84), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 87), Ihakuluweva, Pallama, Egodayagama (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 5), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 33), Meethirigala Forest Reserve (Dias and Udayakantha 2016a: 53), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Dias and Udayakantha 2016b: 5), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 72); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1913: 44), Kandy (Shattuck 1994: 159), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2004: 621), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 272), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17); AntWeb records: Kandy: CASENT 0905071 (AntWeb 2020).

Technomyrmex brunneus Forel, 1895

Technomyrmex albipes r. brunneus Forel, 1895a: 467. TL: [Poona] Pune: India [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0909791 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Kandy (Bolton 2007: 74), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 88), Puttalam (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 33); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Le et al. 2010: 4).

Technomyrmex elatior Forel, 1902

Technomyrmex modiglianii r. elatior Forel, 1902a: 293. TL: Assam: India [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0909804 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Puwakpitiya (Forel 1908: 3), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 395), Kelaniya (Dias 2006a: 45); Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 89), Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 33); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1913: 44), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 196), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2004: 621), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 272), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17).

Technomyrmex horni Forel, 1912

Technomyrmex horni Forel, 1912b: 71. TL: Pilam [Formosa]: Taiwan [Syntypes: DEIC, MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0909799, FOCOL 0169, 0170, FOCOL 0183 syntype workers and queen examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Western Prov., Gampaha District, Pilikuttuwa (Bolton 2007: 85), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 90).

DORYLINAE

Aenictus: 7 species

Aenictus aitkenii Forel, 1901

Aenictus aitkenii Forel, 1901a: 475. TL: [Kanara], Karnataka India [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0905981 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1911b: 453), Peradeniya (Wilson 1964: 447), Udngama (Baroni Urbani 1977a: 65); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 10), Sri Lanka (Shattuck 2008: 16); AntWeb records: Peradenyia: CASENT 0905986 (AntWeb 2020).

Aenictus biroi Forel, 1907

Aenictus biroi Forel, 1907a: 10. TL: Pattipola: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Lectotype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0905989 lectotype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Pattipola (Forel 1907a: 11), Pattipola (Wilson 1964: 451), Ceylon (Baroni Urbani 1977a: 65), Pattipola (Jaitrong et al. 2010: 37), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 43); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1910: 29), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15), Sri Lanka (Borowiec 2016: 85); AntWeb records: Pattipola: CASENT 0905989, CASENT 0922454 (AntWeb 2020).

Aenictus ceylonicus (Mayr, 1866)

Typhlatta ceylonica Mayr, 1866: 505. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: NHMW].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Mayr 1866: 505), Ceylon (Forel 1901a: 477), Ceylon (Wilson 1964: 453), Sri Lanka (Jaitrong and Yamane 2013: 220), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 44); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1910: 29), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 11), Ceylon (Taylor 1987: 6), Sri Lanka (Ali 1991: 6), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 17), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 263), Sri Lanka (Shattuck 2008: 16), Sri Lanka (Sheela 2008a: 6), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15), Sri Lanka (Borowiec 2016: 86).

Aenictus fergusoni Forel, 1901

Aenictus fergusoni Forel, 1901a: 473. TL: Travancore: India [Syntypes: MHNG, SIZK, ZMHB]. [Images of CASENT 0905998, CASENT 0917746, FOCOL 1148 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Mihintale Forest (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 61), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 46), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Polonnaruwa, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 33); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15).

Aenictus gracilis Emery, 1893

Aenictus gracilis Emery, 1893c: 187. TL: Sarawak: Malaysia [Lectotype: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0903747 paralectotype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ramboda (Karavaiev 1926: 424), Ramboda (Wilson 1964: 463); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 13), Ceylon (Terayama and Yamane 1989: 599); AntWeb records: Ramboda: CASENT 0916860 (AntWeb 2020).

Aenictus pachycerus (Smith F, 1858)

Eciton pachycerus Smith F, 1858: 153. TL: India [Syntype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0902674 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1901a: 476), Ceylon (Wilson 1964: 471), Mihintale Forest (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 61), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 47), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Polonnaruwa, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 33); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1910: 30), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 10), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Bharti 2003: 718), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15).

Aenictus porizonoides Walker, 1860

Aenictus porizonoides Walker, 1860: 306. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0902689 holotype male examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Walker 1860: 306); Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 49); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1910: 30), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 15), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15), Sri Lanka (Borowiec 2016: 89); AntWeb records: Colombo: CASENT 0902690 (AntWeb 2020).

Dorylus: 2 species

Dorylus labiatus Shuckard, 1840

Dorylus labiatus Shuckard, 1840: 319. TL: India [Syntype: OUMNH]. [Images of CASENT 0901950 syntype male examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 93), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Polonnaruwa, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 34).

Dorylus orientalis Westwood, 1835

Dorylus orientalis Westwood, 1835: 72. TL: [East India]: India [Syntype: OUMNH]. [Images of CASENT 0901942 syntype male examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1895a: 731), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 113), Ceylon (Forel 1901a: 464), Trincomalee, Ambalangoda (Forel 1909: 393), Peradeniya (Forel 1913a: 20), Peradeniya (Karavaiev 1926: 422), Kandy (Wilson 1964: 442), Gampaha (Dias 2006a: 45), Minneriya (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 61), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 96), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Polonnaruwa, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 34); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1910: 15), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 9), Sri Lanka (Roonwal 1976: 309), Sri Lanka (Ali 1991: 6), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1997: 443), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 16), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 228), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 268), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Tiwari and Tiwari 2002: 151), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2003: 472), Sri Lanka (Tak and Rathore 2004a: 166), Sri Lanka (Tak and Rathore 2004b: 85), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 169), Sri Lanka (Tak et al. 2007: 128), Sri Lanka (Sheela 2008a: 9), Sri Lanka (Tak 2008: 9), Sri Lanka (Tak and Kazmi 2011: 41), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17).

Lioponera: 2 species

Lioponera longitarsus Mayr, 1879

Lioponera longitarsus Mayr, 1879: 667. TL: [Ostind.]: India [Syntype: NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0901942 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Intermediate Zone; Material examined: 3 workers [ZEMK], Kurunegala District, Egodayagama, Kumbukweva Forest, 07°47'N, 80°12'E, 06.ii.2010 (leg. H.A.W.S. Peiris). First country record from Sri Lanka.

Lioponera parva Forel, 1900

Lioponera longitarsus r. parva Forel, 1900b: 330. [Calcutta] Kolkata, West Bengal: India [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907070 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Ceylon (Forel 1909: 393)

Ooceraea: 4 species

Ooceraea alii (Bharti & Akbar, 2013)

Cerapachys alii Bharti & Akbar, 2013: 86. TL: Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary, Kerala: India [Holotype: PUAC]. [Holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Ihakuluwewa (Dias et al. 2018: 450).

Ooceraea biroi (Forel, 1907)

Cerapachys biroi Forel, 1907a: 7. TL: Singapore [Lectotype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907059 paralectotype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Watinapaha (Dias et al. 2018: 451), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 72).

Ooceraea coeca Mayr, 1897

Ooceraea coeca Mayr, 1897: 420. TL: Kalawewa: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: HNHM]. [Images of CASENT 0922424 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Kalawewa (Mayr 1897: 421), Ceylon (Forel 1900b: 329), Kandy, Kantale (Brown 1975: 74); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 10), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 20), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17), Sri Lanka (Borowiec 2016: 198); AntWeb records: Kalawewa: CASENT 0922424 (AntWeb 2020).

Ooceraea fragosa Roger, 1862

Ooceraea fragosa Roger, 1862: 249. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: ZMHB]. [Images of FOCOL 0802 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1862: 249), Ceylon (Forel 1900b: 329), Kantale, Yakkala (Brown 1975: 74), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 79), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 75), Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 34); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 10), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 20), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17), Sri Lanka (Borowiec 2016: 198); AntWeb records: Sinharaja Forest Reserve: CASENT 0106215, FOCOL 0802 (AntWeb 2020).

Parasyscia: 3 species

Parasyscia aitkenii (Forel, 1900)

Cerapachys aitkenii Forel, 1900b: 332. TL: [Kanara], Karnataka: India [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907048 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Intermediate Zone; Primary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 74), Egodayagama (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 5), Kurunegala (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 34).

Parasyscia fossulata (Forel, 1895)

Cerapachys fossulatus Forel, 1895b: 48. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: ZMHB]. [Images of FOCOL 0797 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1895b: 49), Ceylon (Forel 1900b: 332), Ceylon (Brown 1975: 22), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 75), Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 34); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 9), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 20), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17), Sri Lanka (Borowiec 2016: 204); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: FOCOL 0797 (AntWeb 2020).

Parasyscia luteoviger (Brown, 1975)

Cerapachys luteoviger Brown, 1975: 70. TL: Gilimale, near Ratnapura: Sri Lanka [Paratype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0902744 paratype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Gilimale, Ratnapura (Brown 1975: 70), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2012: 84); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17), Sri Lanka (Borowiec 2016: 205); AntWeb records: Gilimale: CASENT 0902744 (AntWeb 2020).

Syscia: 1 species

Syscia typhla Roger, 1861

Syscia typhla Roger, 1861: 20. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: ZMHB]. [Images of FOCOL 0804 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1861: 21), Ceylon (Forel 1900b: 329), Ceylon (Brown 1975: 24), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 79), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2012: 84), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 76), Ihakuluweva (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 5), Anuradhapura, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 34); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 10), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 20), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17), Sri Lanka (Borowiec 2016: 224); AntWeb records: Sinharaja Forest Reserve: CASENT 0106214, FOCOL 0804 (AntWeb 2020).

ECTATOMMINAE

Gnamptogenys: 2 species

Gnamptogenys coxalis (Smith F, 1857)

Ponera rugosa Smith F, 1857: 66. TL: Borneo, Sarawak: Malaysia [Holotype: OXUM]. [Images of CASENT 0901369 holotype queen examined].

Distribution. AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0281842 (AntWeb 2020).

Gnamptogenys sinhala Lattke, 2016

Gnamptogenys sinhala Lattke, 2016: 146. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0915911 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1860: 309), Ceylon (Forel 1900b: 316), Ceylon (Brown 1954: 9), Ceylon (Brown 1958: 228), Sri Lanka (Lattke 2004: 103), Sri Lanka (Lattke and Delsinne 2016: 146); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 48), Ceylon (Wheeler 1919a: 51), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 29), Sri Lanka (Ali 1991: 3), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 101); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0915911, FOCOL 0873–0884 (AntWeb 2020).

FORMICINAE

Acropyga: 2 species

Acropyga acutiventris Roger, 1862

Acropyga acutiventris Roger, 1862: 243. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: ZMHB]. [Images of FOCOL 2238–2240 syntype worker and queens examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1862: 244), Ceylon (Forel 1894: 418), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 121), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 395), Weligama (Forel 1913b: 663), Botanical Garden, Peradeniya (Lapolla 2004: 33), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 80), Gilimale Forest Reserve (Dias and Perera 2011: 71); Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 61), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 108), Ihakuluwewa (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 5), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Polonnaruwa, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 34); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 28), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 210), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 7), Sri Lanka (Taylor 1992: 58), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Terayama et al. 2002: 23), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18), Sri Lanka (Jaitrong and Nabhitabhata 2005: 10), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: FOCOL 2238–2240 (AntWeb 2020).

Acropyga rubescens Forel, 1894

Acropyga acutiventris var. rubescens Forel, 1894: 418. TL: [Belgam] Belgaum: India [Syntypes: HNHM, MHNG, NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0916667, CASENT 0903175, CASENT 0909898 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 227); Ratnapura, Kandy (Lapolla 2004: 34); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 28), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 211), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50); AntWeb records: Peradenyia: CASENT 0909900 (AntWeb 2020).

Anoplolepis: 1 species

Anoplolepis gracilipes (Smith F, 1857)

Formica gracilipes Smith F, 1857: 55. TL: Singapore [Syntypes: NHMUK, OUMNH]. [Images of CASENT 0102951, CASENT 0103001, CASENT 0903237 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Pointe de Galle (Emery 1887a: 247), Kandy, Galle, Matale (Emery 1893a: 253), Ceylon (Forel 1894: 415), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 121), Puwakpitiya, Galle (Forel 1908: 4), Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 226), Peradeniya, Maha Iluppalama (Forel 1913a: 100), South Sri Lanka (Way and Bolton 1997: 443), Cashew Corporation-East, eastern Sri Lanka (Rickson and Rickson 1998: 843), Kelaniya, Gampaha, Ratnapura (Dias 2006a: 45), Dambulla (Dias and Kosgamage 2008: 115), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 80), Nawalapitiya (Amarasinghe 2010: 12), Gilimale Forest Reserve (Dias and Perera 2011: 71), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 61), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 109), Kuluna Kanda Proposed Forest Reserve, Wilpita “Aranya Kele” (Dias and Ruchirani 2014: 88), Namalweva, Ihakuluweva, Madurankuliya, Egodayagama (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 5), Mawathagama, Kurunegala (Dias and Peiris 2015b: 25), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 34); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Mathew 1984: 308), Ceylon (Mukherji and Ribeiro 1925: 208), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 7), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 279), Sri Lanka (Mathew 2000: 352), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 348), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2003: 496), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2004: 620), Sri Lanka (Wetterer 2005: 4), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18); AntWeb records: Dunhinda Falls, Uda Walawe, Peradenyia: ANIC 32-012852–32-012856; CASENT 0246608 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus: 41 species/subspecies

Camponotus albipes Emery, 1893

Camponotus albipes Emery, 1893a: 253. TL: Kandy: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0905459 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Kandy (Emery 1893a: 253); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1896: 772), Ceylon (Emery 1925: 138), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 230), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18); AntWeb records: Kandy: CASENT 0905459 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus angusticollis (Jerdon, 1851)

Formica angusticollis Jerdon, 1851: 120. TL: Malabar, Kerala: India [Type: UNK].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Kottawa (Emery 1893a: 250), Puwakpitiya (Forel 1908: 8), Ceylon (Forel 1912c: 67).

Camponotus auriculatus Mayr, 1897

Camponotus auriculatus Mayr, 1897: 432. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: HNHM, NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0915603, CASENT 0922416 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Mayr 1897: 435); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 711), Ceylon (Emery 1925: 138), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 230), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0915603, CASENT 0922416 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus barbatus Roger, 1863

Camponotus barbatus Roger, 1863: 138. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: ZMHB]. [Images of FOCOL 2427, 2428 syntype worker and queen examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1863: 138), Ceylon (Forel 1892a: 233), Bandarawela (Emery 1901: 121); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1896: 769), Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 711), Ceylon (Emery 1925: 92), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 243), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 71), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: FOCOL 2427, 2428 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus barbatus infuscoides Bingham, 1903

Camponotus taylori var. infuscoides Bingham, 1903: 354. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910135 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Bingham 1903: 354), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 397); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 93), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 243); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0910135 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus barbatus taylori Forel, 1892

Camponotus maculatus r. taylori Forel, 1892a: 241. TL: [Orissa] Odisha: India [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910133, 0910134 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 711); Paradeniya (Forel 1907b: 19); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 93), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 243), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 71), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 281), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2003: 502), Sri Lanka (Tak 2008: 36), Sri Lanka (Tak 2010: 140); AntWeb records: Paradeniya: CASENT 0910132, CASENT 0917853 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus carin Emery, 1889

Camponotus dorycus r. carin Emery, 1889: 512. TL: Tenasserim, M. Mooleyit: Myanmar [Syntypes: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0905251, 0905252 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1892a: 236).

Camponotus compressus (Fabricius, 1787)

Formica compressa Fabricius, 1787: 307. TL: Tharangambadi, Tamil Nadu: India [Type: UNK].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1892a: 241), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 121), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 396), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 61), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 112), Namalweva, Ihakuluweva, Marawila, Pallama, Madurankuliya (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 5), Mawathagama, Kurunegala (Dias and Peiris 2015b: 25), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 34), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 72); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 98), Ceylon (Donisthorpe 1942b: 458), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 7), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1997: 449), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 69), Sri Lanka (Mathew 2000: 352), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 354), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Tiwari and Tiwari 2002: 160), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2003: 500), Sri Lanka (Tak and Rathore 2004a: 168), Sri Lanka (Tak and Rathore 2004b: 86), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2004: 616), Sri Lanka (Ghosh et al. 2006: 378), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 264), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 169), Sri Lanka (Tak et al. 2007: 129), Sri Lanka (Sheela 2008a: 11), Sri Lanka (Tak 2008: 34), Sri Lanka (Tak 2010: 140), Sri Lanka (Tak and Kazmi 2011: 46), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18); AntWeb records: Jaffna: SAM-HYM-C 001820 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus fletcheri Donisthorpe, 1942

Camponotus fletcheri Donisthorpe, 1942c: 250. TL: Humbantota: Sri Lanka [Holotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0903578 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Hambantota (Donisthorpe 1942c: 251); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 241), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18); AntWeb records: Hambantota: CASENT 0903578 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus greeni Forel, 1911

Camponotus greeni Forel, 1911c: 54. TL: Namunukula: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910540, 0910541 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Intermediate Zone; Primary literature records: Namunukula (Forel 1911c: 55); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 139), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 231), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18); AntWeb records: Namunukula: CASENT 0910540, 0910541 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus indeflexus (Walker, 1859)

Formica indeflexa Walker, 1859: 373. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0903580 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Walker 1859: 373); Secondary literature records: Emery 1925: 271 (Ceylon), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 199), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0903580 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus irritans (Smith F, 1857)

Formica irritans Smith F, 1857: 55. TL: [Malac] Melaka: Malaysia [Syntype: OUMNH]. [Images of CASENT 0901899 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1896: 769), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 61), Kirikanda Forest (Dias et al. 2013: 64), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 113), Ihakuluweva, Marawila, Madurankuliya, Egodayagama (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 5), Mawathagama, Kurunegala (Dias and Peiris 2015b: 25), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 34), Meethirigala Forest Reserve (Dias and Udayakantha 2016a: 53); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Bingham 1903: 353), Ceylon (Emery 1925: 93), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 246), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 8), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 270), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Tak and Rathore 2004a: 169), Sri Lanka (Tak and Rathore 2004b: 86), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Ghosh et al. 2006: 379), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 170), Sri Lanka (Tak 2008: 34), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18).

Camponotus isabellae Forel, 1909

Camponotus isabellae Forel, 1909: 399. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910539 syntype queen examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ambalangoda (Forel 1909: 401); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 139), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 270), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0910539 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus latebrosus (Walker, 1859)

Formica latebrosa Walker, 1859: 371. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0903584 holotype male examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Walker 1859: 371); Secondary literature records: Emery 1925: 271 (Ceylon), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 200), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0903584 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus mendax Forel, 1895

Camponotus sericeus var. mendax Forel, 1895a: 454. TL: Mysore: India [Syntype: MHNG].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18).

Camponotus mendax integer Forel, 1895

Camponotus sericeus var. integer Forel, 1895a: 454. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910448 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1895a: 455), Galle (Forel 1908: 6), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 397), Seenigoda (Forel 1911a: 227), Seenigoda, Peradeniya (Forel 1913a: 129); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1896: 773), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 241); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0910448 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus mitis (Smith F, 1858)

Formica mitis Smith F, 1858: 20. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0903590 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Smith F, 1858: 20), Galle, Kandy, Colombo (Emery 1893a: 251), Pattipola, Puwakpitiya, Galle (Forel 1908: 6), Ceylon (Forel 1911a: 228), Peradeniya (Karavaiev 1929: 239); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 96), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 252), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 72), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2003: 501), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 264), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0903590 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus oblongus (Smith F, 1858)

Formica oblonga Smith F, 1858: 21. TL: [Birmah] Myanmar [Holotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0903585 holotype queen examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Hakgala (Forel 1908: 6), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 61), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 113), Marawila (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 5), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 34); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 270), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2003: 501), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2004: 617), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18).

Camponotus ominosus Forel, 1911

Camponotus ominosus Forel, 1911c: 52. TL: Namunukula: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910522, 0910523 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Intermediate Zone; Primary literature records: Namunukula (Forel 1911c: 53); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 138), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 233), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18); AntWeb records: Namunukula: CASENT 0910522, 0910523 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus opaciventris Mayr, 1879

Camponotus opaciventris Mayr, 1879: 648. TL: West Bengal: Kolkata: India [Syntypes: NHMW].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Puwakpitiya, Peradeniya (Forel 1908: 6), Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 227), Peradeniya, Maha Iluppalama (Forel 1913a: 129); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 242).

Camponotus parius Emery, 1889

Camponotus micans r. paria Emery, 1889: 513. TL: Yangon [Rangoon, Birmania]: Myanmar [Syntypes: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0905350, CASENT 0905805 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1892a: 238), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 121), Puwakpitiya, Galle (Forel 1908: 6), Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 227); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Donisthorpe 1942b: 458), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 8), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 70), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 280), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 354), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 170); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0905350 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus reticulatus Roger, 1863

Camponotus reticulatus Roger, 1863: 139. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: ZMHB?].

Distribution. Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1863: 139), Ceylon (Forel 1892a: 233), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 61), Namalweva, Marawila, Madurankuliya (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 5), Anuradhapura, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 34); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 139), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 233), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18).

Camponotus reticulatus latitans Forel, 1893

Camponotus reticulatus var. latitans Forel, 1893b: 431. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910528, 0910529 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1893b: 431), Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 228); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1896: 772), Ceylon (Emery 1925: 139), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 234); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0910528, 0910529 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus reticulatus yerburyi Forel, 1893

Camponotus reticulatus yerburyi Forel, 1893b: 431. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910533, 0910534 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Kottawa (Emery 1893a: 253), Ceylon (Forel 1893b: 432), Ceylon (Forel 1911a: 228); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1896: 772), Ceylon (Emery 1925: 139), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 234); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0910533, 0910534 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus rufoglaucus (Jerdon, 1851)

Formica rufoglauca Jerdon, 1851: 124. TL: Carnatic, Kerala: India [Type: UNK].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1892a: 238), Kandy (Emery 1893a: 252), Puwakpitiya (Forel 1908: 6), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 397), Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 227), Peradeniya (Forel 1913a: 129), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 61), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 114), Ihakuluweva, Marawila, Madurankuliya (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 5), Sinhapura, Polonnaruwa, Mawathagama, Kurunegala (Dias and Peiris 2015b: 26), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 34); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 105), Ceylon (Donisthorpe 1942b: 458), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 238), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 8), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1997: 450), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 70), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 355), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Tiwari and Tiwari 2002: 160), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 264), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18).

Camponotus sericeus (Fabricius, 1798)

Formica sericea Fabricius, 1798: 279. TL: Senegal [Type: UNK].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1892a: 231), Kottawa, Colombo (Emery 1893a: 254), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 122), Ceylon (Forel 1908: 6), Peradeniya (Forel 1913a: 129), Peradeniya (Karavaiev 1929: 240), eastern Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka Cashew Corporation-West, western Sri Lanka, Panadura, Pushparanghnam Estate (Rickson and Rickson 1998: 843), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 61), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 115), Namalweva, Marawila, Pallama, Madurankuliya (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 5), Sinhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Peiris 2015b: 26), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 34); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Wheeler 1922: 974), Ceylon (Emery 1925: 125), Ceylon (Donisthorpe 1942b: 458), Ceylon (Menozzi 1934: 165), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 242), Ceylon (Prins 1963: 107), Ceylon (Prins 1964: 92), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 8), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 69), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 271), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 356), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Tiwari and Tiwari 2002: 160), Sri Lanka (Tak and Rathore 2004a: 169), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2004: 617), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 170), Sri Lanka (Tak 2008: 38), Sri Lanka (Tak and Kazmi 2011: 46), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19); AntWeb records: Kandy: SAM-HYM-C 005593 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus sesquipedalis Roger, 1863

Camponotus sesquipedalis Roger, 1863: 137. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: ZMHB?].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1863: 137); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 90), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 250), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19).

Camponotus simoni Emery, 1893

Camponotus simoni Emery, 1893a: 250. TL: Kottawa, Kandy: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0905249, 0905250 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Kottawa, Kandy (Emery 1893a: 250), Pattipola, Puwakpitiya, Peradeniya (Forel 1908: 6), Ceylon (Forel 1911a: 227); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1896: 768), Ceylon (Emery 1925: 90), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 250), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18); AntWeb records: Kottawa, Kandy, Up Country: CASENT 0905249, 0905250, CASENT 0906989 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus sklarus Bolton, 1995

Camponotus sklarus Bolton, 1995: 124. TL: Kandy: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0903596 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 250), Kandy (Bolton 1995: 124); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 71), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 264); AntWeb records: Kandy, Sri Lanka: CASENT 0903596 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus thraso Forel, 1893

Camponotus maculatus r. thraso Forel, 1893b: 432. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910117 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1893b: 433), Trincomalee, Anuradhapura (Emery 1901: 121); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 92), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 251), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 72), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0910117 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus thraso diogenes Forel, 1909

Camponotus maculatus subsp. diogenes Forel, 1909: 396. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910120, 0910121 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1909: 396), Ambalagoda (Forel 1912c: 63); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 251); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0910120, 0910121 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus varians Roger, 1863

Camponotus varians Roger, 1863: 138. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: ZMHB]. [Images of FOCOL 2276, 2277 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1863: 139), Ceylon (Forel 1892a: 232), Kandy, Matale (Emery 1893a: 252); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1896: 772), Ceylon (Emery 1925: 139), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 234), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19); AntWeb records: Kandy: CASENT 0906967, FOCOL 2276, 2277 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus variegatus (Smith F, 1858)

Formica variegata Smith F, 1858: 19. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0903586, 0903587 syntype worker and queen examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Smith, F. 1858: 19), Trincomalee, Kandy (Emery 1893a: 252), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 121), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 397), Peradeniya, Seenigoda (Forel 1911a: 227), Peradeniya, Seenigoda, Haputale (Forel 1913a: 125); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 95), Ceylon (Donisthorpe 1942b: 458), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 251), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 71), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 265), Sri Lanka (Tak 2008: 37), Sri Lanka (Tak 2010: 141), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0903587 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus variegatus bacchus (Smith F, 1858)

Formica bacchus Smith F, 1858: 21. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0903588 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Smith, F. 1858: 21), Ceylon (Forel 1892a: 242), Colombo (Forel 1907b: 19), Pattipola, Puwakpitiya, Galle (Forel 1908: 6), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 397), Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 227), Ceylon (Forel 1913a: 125), Nalanda (Forel 1913b: 664); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 95), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 251); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0903588, 0903589 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus variegatus crassinodis Forel, 1892

Camponotus mitis var. crassinodis Forel, 1892a: 230. TL: Myanmar [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910165, 0910166 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1909: 397), Peradeniya (Forel 1913a: 125); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 249).

Camponotus variegatus dulcis Dalla Torre, 1893

Camponotus mitis var. dulcis Dalla Torre, 1893: 243. TL: Bhamò [Birmania]: Myanmar [Syntype: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0905329 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1892a: 243).

Camponotus variegatus fuscithorax Dalla Torre, 1893

Camponotus mitis var. fuscithorax Dalla Torre, 1893: 243. TL: [Calcutta] Kolkata, West Bengal: India [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910167 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Intermediate Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1892a: 243), Kandy, Nuwara Eliya (Emery 1893a: 252), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 121), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 397), Dividsogala, Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 228), Peradeniya, Seenigoda (Forel 1913a: 125); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 96), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 251).

Camponotus variegatus infuscus Forel, 1892

Camponotus maculatus r. infuscus Forel, 1892a: 242. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910173, 0910174 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1892a: 242), Nuwara Eliya (Emery 1893a: 252), Nuwara Elyia (Emery 1901: 121), Pidurutalagala, Hakgala, Pattipola (Forel 1908: 6), Haputale (Forel 1913a: 126); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 96), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 252), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 169); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0910173, 0910174 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus variegatus intrans Forel, 1911

Camponotus maculatus subsp. intrans Forel, 1911c: 49 TL: Namunukula: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910171, 0910172 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Intermediate Zone; Primary literature records: Namunukula (Forel: 1911c: 50); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 96), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 252); AntWeb records: Namunukula: CASENT 0910171, 0910172 (AntWeb 2020).

Camponotus variegatus somnificus Forel, 1902

Camponotus maculatus r. somnificus Forel, 1902a: 287. TL: Coonoor (Nilgiris), Tamil Nadu: India [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910185 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Hakgala, Bandarawela (Forel 1908: 6), Haputale (Forel 1913a: 128); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 72), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 252).

Camponotus wedda Forel, 1908

Camponotus wedda Forel, 1908: 6. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910543, 0910544 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1908: 6), Ambalangoda (Forel 1909: 399), Ambalagoda (Forel 1912c: 67); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 140), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 234), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0910543, 0910544 (AntWeb 2020).

Colobopsis: 2 species

Colobopsis badia (Smith F, 1857)

Formica badia Smith F, 1857: 54. TL: Singapore [Syntypes: NHMUK, OUMNH]. [Images of CASENT 0901897, CASENT 0903597 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 150); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 264); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0903597 (AntWeb 2020).

Colobopsis ceylonica (Emery, 1925)

Camponotus ceylonicus Emery, 1925: 145. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MSNG?].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 145); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 145), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 223), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18).

Lepisiota: 7 species/subspecies

Lepisiota capensis (Mayr, 1862)

Acantholepis capensis Mayr, 1862: 699. TL: [Cap] Western Cape: South Africa [Syntypes: NHMW, ZMHB]. [Images of CASENT 0915714, 0915715, FOCOL 2208 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1894: 414), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 61), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 116), Namalweva, Ihakuluweva, Marawila, Pallama, Egodayagama (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 5), Anuradhapura, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 34); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 262), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 171), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19).

Lepisiota fergusoni (Forel, 1895)

Acantholepis fergusoni Forel, 1895a: 459. TL: Travancore: India [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0909883 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Jayanthipura (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 61), Namalweva, Marawila, Madurankuliya (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 5), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 34).

Lepisiota frauenfeldi (Mayr, 1855)

Hypoclinea frauenfeldi Mayr, 1855: 378. TL: [Syracus] Sicily: Italy; Attica: Greece; El Kantara: Algeria [Syntypes: MHNG, ZMHB]. [Images of CASENT 0909884, FOCOL 2199–2201 syntype workers and queen examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 116), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 34).

Lepisiota lunaris (Emery, 1893)

Acantholepis lunaris Emery, 1893a: 250. TL: Colombo: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0905157 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Colombo (Emery 1893a: 250), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 395); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 24), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 209); AntWeb records: Colombo: CASENT 0905157 (AntWeb 2020).

Lepisiota opaca (Forel, 1892)

Acantholepis opaca Forel, 1892b: 43. TL: [Kanara], Karnataka: India [Syntypes: MHNG, MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0905158, CASENT 0909893 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 117), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 34).

Lepisiota pulchella (Forel, 1892)

Acantholepis opaca r. pulchella Forel, 1892b: 43. TL: [Poona] Pune [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0909894 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 34).

Lepisiota rothneyi wroughtonii (Forel, 1902)

Plagiolepis rothneyi r. wroughtonii Forel, 1902a: 292. TL: Ootacamune, Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu: India [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0909869 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Bandarawela (Forel 1913b: 663).

Myrmoteras: 1 species

Myrmoteras ceylonicum Gregg, 1957

Myrmoteras ceylonica Gregg, 1957: 41. TL: Udawattakele Sanctuary, Kandy: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Paratype: FMNH]. [Images of FMNHINS 0000062663 paratype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Udawattakele Sanctuary, Kandy (Gregg 1957: 44), Udawattakele Sanctuary, Kandy (Moffett 1985: 27); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Zettel and Sorger 2011: 66), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19); AntWeb records: Kandy, Udawattakele Sanctuary: FMNHINS 0000062663 (AntWeb 2020).

Nylanderia: 7 species/subspecies

Nylanderia bourbonica (Forel, 1886)

Prenolepis nodifera r. bourbonica Forel, 1886: 210. TL: St. Denis, Réunion [Syntypes: MHNG].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 80).

Nylanderia indica (Forel, 1894)

Prenolepis indica Forel, 1894: 409. TL: [Poona] Pune: India [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0911008 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1894: 409), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 121), Hakgalla (Forel 1908: 4), Peradeniya, Seenigoda (Forel 1911a: 227), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 61); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 220), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 9), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 276), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19).

Nylanderia taylori (Forel, 1894)

Prenolepis taylori Forel, 1894: 410. TL: [Orissa] Odisha: India [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0911011 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1902a: 292), Trincomalee (Forel 1913b: 663); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 712), Ceylon (Emery 1925: 220), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 276), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 270), Sri Lanka (Tak 2008: 41), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19).

Nylanderia taylori levis (Forel, 1913)

Prenolepis taylori r. levis Forel, 1913a: 104. TL: Peradeniya: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0911012 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Peradeniya (Forel 1913a: 104); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 220), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 217); AntWeb records: Peradeniya: CASENT 0911012 (AntWeb 2020).

Nylanderia vagabunda (Motschoulsky, 1863)

Paratrechina vagabunda Motschoulsky, 1863: 13. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Type: UNK].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Motschoulsky 1863: 13); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 220), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 218).

Nylanderia vividula (Nylander, 1846)

Formica vividula Nylander, 1846a: 900. TL: Finland [Lectotype: MZH]. [Images of CASENT 0102536 lectotype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 218); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19).

Nylanderia yerburyi (Forel, 1894)

Prenolepis yerburyi Forel, 1894: 409. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0911013 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Nuwara Eliya (Emery 1893a: 250), Ceylon (Forel 1894: 409), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 121), Haputale, Pattipola (Forel 1913a: 104), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 61), Kirikanda Forest (Dias et al. 2013: 64), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 119), Kalugala Proposed Forest Reserve, Wilpita “Aranya Kele” (Dias and Ruchirani 2014: 88), Namalweva, Ihakuluweva, Marawila, Pallama, Madurankuliya, Egodayagama (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 5), Sinhapura, Polonnaruwa, Mawathagama, Kurunegala (Dias and Peiris 2015b: 26), Colombo, Gampaha, Galle, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 35), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 72); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 220), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 218), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 81), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 270), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19), Sri Lanka (Wachkoo and Bharti 2015: 119); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0911013 (AntWeb 2020).

Oecophylla: 1 species

Oecophylla smaragdina (Fabricius, 1775)

Formica smaragdina Fabricius, 1775: 828. TL: India [Syntypes: ZMUK].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Kandy, Colombo, Nawalapitiya (Emery 1893a: 250), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 121), Colombo (Forel 1904a: 387), Puwakpitiya, Peradeniya (Forel 1908: 6), Seenigoda, Peradeniya (Forel 1913a: 122), South Sri Lanka (Way and Bolton 1997: 443), Sri Lanka Cashew Corporation-West, western Sri Lanka, Panadura, Pushparanghnam Estate (Rickson and Rickson 1998: 843), Kelaniya, Gampaha, Colombo, Ratnapura, Galle (Dias 2006a: 45), Dambulla (Dias and Kosgamage 2008: 115), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 80), Nawalapitiya (Amarasinghe 2010: 12), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 61), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 120), Namalweva, Ihakuluweva, Marawila, Pallama, Madurankuliya, Egodayagama (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 5), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 35), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Dias and Udayakantha 2016b: 5), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 72); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Viehmeyer 1912: 22), Emery 1925: 52 (Ceylon), Ceylon (Mukherji and Ribeiro 1925: 208), Ceylon (Menozzi 1932: 11), Ceylon (Donisthorpe 1942b: 457), Ceylon (Cole and Jones 1948: 642), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 8), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 66), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 277), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 345), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Tiwari and Tiwari 2002: 159), Sri Lanka (Mathew 2003: 203), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2003: 496), Sri Lanka (Tak and Rathore 2004a: 172), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2004: 615), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Ghosh et al. 2006: 380), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 269), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 171), Sri Lanka (Sheela 2008a: 13), Sri Lanka (Tak 2008: 40), Sri Lanka (Tak and Kazmi 2011: 47), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19); AntWeb records: Kelaniya Jungle, Gal. Dist.: ANIC 32-043919, 32-043920 (AntWeb 2020).

Paratrechina: 1 species

Paratrechina longicornis (Latreille, 1802)

Formica longicornis Latreille, 1802: 113. TL: Bangkok: Thailand [Neotype: ANIC].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Galle, Colombo (Emery 1893a: 253), Ceylon (Forel 1894: 408), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 121), Galle (Forel 1908: 4), Seenigoda, Ambalangoda (Forel 1913a: 104), South Sri Lanka (Way and Bolton 1997: 443), eastern Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka Cashew Corporation-West, western Sri Lanka, Panadura, Pushparanghnam Estate (Rickson and Rickson 1998: 843), Kelaniya, Gampaha, Colombo, Ratnapura (Dias 2006a: 45), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Dambulla (Dias and Kosgamage 2008: 115), Nawalapitiya (Amarasinghe 2010: 12), Gilimale Forest Reserve (Dias and Perera 2011: 72), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 61), Kirikanda Forest (Dias et al. 2013: 64), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 121), Namalweva, Ihakuluweva, Marawila, Pallama, Madurankuliya (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 5), Sinhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Peiris 2015b: 26), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 35), Meethirigala Forest Reserve (Dias and Udayakantha 2016a: 53), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Dias and Udayakantha 2016b: 5), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 72); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Tiwari and Tiwari 2002: 159), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2004: 619); AntWeb records: Hambantota, Puttalam, Colombo, Peradenyia: ANIC 32-053758, ANIC 32-053793, ANIC 32-053801, 32-053802 (AntWeb 2020).

Plagiolepis: 3 species

Plagiolepis exigua Forel, 1894

Plagiolepis exigua Forel, 1894: 417. TL: [Java, Tandjong Slarmat]: Indonesia; [Poona] Pune, Mahrashtra: India [Syntypes: MHNG, SIZK]. [Images of CASENT 0101302, 0101303, 0101304, 0101305, CASENT 0101307, CASENT 0917872 syntype workers, queens and males examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Nachchaduwa Forest (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 61), Namalweva (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 5), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 35).

Plagiolepis jerdonii Forel, 1894

Plagiolepis jerdonii Forel, 1894: 416. TL: [Poona] Pune, Mahrashtra: India [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0909852 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19), Giritale Forest (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 62), Marawila, Pallama, Madurankuliya (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 5).

Plagiolepis pissina Roger, 1863

Plagiolepis pissina Roger, 1863: 162. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: ZMHB]. [Images of FOCOL 2225, 2226 syntype worker and queen examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1863: 162), Ceylon (Forel 1894: 417); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 21), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 214), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: FOCOL 2225, 2226 (AntWeb 2020).

Polyrhachis: 34 species/subspecies

Polyrhachis aculeata Mayr, 1879

Polyrhachis aculeata Mayr, 1879: 657. TL: Indonesia [Holotype: NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0915814 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1893a: 28); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 205), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 255), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 80), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Kohout 2013: 142).

Polyrhachis bugnioni Forel, 1908

Polyrhachis bugnioni Forel, 1908: 11. TL: Puwakpitiya, Up country: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910965 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Puwakpitiya (Forel 1908: 12), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 402), Puwakpitiya, Gilimale, Induruwa (Dorow and Kohout 1995: 98), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 80), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2012: 84), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 125), Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 35), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Dias and Udayakantha 2016b: 5), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 72); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 210), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 256), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19); AntWeb records: Up country: CASENT 0910965 (AntWeb 2020).

Polyrhachis convexa Roger, 1863

Polyrhachis convexa Roger, 1863: 153. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: ZMHB]. [Images of FOCOL 2615 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1863: 154), Ceylon (Forel 1893a: 29), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 401), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 80), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 62), Kirikanda Forest (Dias et al. 2013: 64), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 127), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Polonnaruwa, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 35); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1896: 777), Ceylon (Emery 1925: 204), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 270), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 361), Sri Lanka (Ghosh et al. 2006: 381), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 271), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19); AntWeb records: Kandy, Sri Lanka: CASENT 0906801, FOCOL 2615 (AntWeb 2020).

Polyrhachis convexa isabellae Forel, 1908

Polyrhachis convexa isabellae Forel, 1908: 9. TL: Hakgala, Puwakpitiya: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910934 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Hakgala, Puwakpitiya (Forel 1908: 10); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 204), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 270); AntWeb records: Hakgala: CASENT 0910934 (AntWeb 2020).

Polyrhachis curvispina Forel, 1908

Polyrhachis oedipus var. curvispina Forel, 1908: 8. TL: Puwakpitiya: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MHNG, NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0903370, CASENT 0910875 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Puwakpitiya (Forel 1908: 9); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 193), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 294); AntWeb records: Puwakpitiya: CASENT 0903370, CASENT 0910875 (AntWeb 2020).

Polyrhachis dives Smith F, 1857

Polyrhachis dives Smith F, 1857: 64. TL: Singapore [Syntype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0903388 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1893a: 34); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 8), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 75), Sri Lanka (Tiwari and Tiwari 2002: 162), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2003: 498), Sri Lanka (Ghosh et al. 2006: 381), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 271).

Polyrhachis dives belli Forel, 1912

Polyrhachis dives subsp. belli Forel, 1912c: 74. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910885 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1912c: 75); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 195), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 289); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0910885 (AntWeb 2020).

Polyrhachis exercita (Walker, 1859)

Formica exercita Walker, 1859: 370. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0903298 holotype queen examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Walker 1859: 370), Colombo, Kandy (Emery 1893a: 254), Ceylon (Forel 1893a: 29), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 122), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 401), Puwakpitiya (Forel 1908: 9), Peradeniya, Lady Black Drive (Forel 1911a: 228), Peradeniya, Seenigoda (Forel 1913a: 134); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1896: 776), Ceylon (Emery 1925: 178), Ceylon (Donisthorpe 1942b: 459), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 199), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 9), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 75), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 272), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Tak and Rathore 2004a: 171), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 172), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19).

Polyrhachis fornicata Emery, 1900

Polyrhachis rastellata subsp. fornicata Emery, 1900: 720. TL: [Giava] Java: Indonesia [Syntype: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0905540 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1901: 122), Puwakpitiya (Forel 1908: 9), Ceylon (Forel 1911a: 228); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 208), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 266).

Polyrhachis frauenfeldi Mayr, 1862

Polyrhachis frauenfeldi Mayr, 1862: 687. TL: Java: Indonesia [Syntype: NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0915820 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1893a: 28).

Polyrhachis gibbosa Forel, 1908

Polyrhachis aculeata var. gibbosa Forel, 1908: 9. TL: Puwakpitiya: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910939 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Puwakpitiya (Forel 1908: 9), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 402), Seenigoda (Forel 1911a: 228), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 80), Puwakpitiya, Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Kohout 2013: 148); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 205), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 255); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0910939 (AntWeb 2020).

Polyrhachis hippomanes ceylonensis Emery, 1893

Polyrhachis hippomanes subsp. ceylonensis Emery, 1893a: 254. TL: Kandy: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0905632 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Kottawa, Kandy (Emery 1893a: 254), Puwakpitiya (Forel 1908: 9), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 402), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 80); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1896: 779), Ceylon (Emery 1925: 195), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 291), Sri Lanka (Mathew 1984: 308), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 360), Sri Lanka (Ghosh et al. 2006: 381); AntWeb records: Kandy: CASENT 0905632 (AntWeb 2020).

Polyrhachis horni Emery, 1901

Polyrhachis horni Emery, 1901: 122. TL: Nalanda: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: DEIC, MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0905539, FOCOL 0086–0089 syntype workers and queen examined].

Distribution. Wet and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Nalanda (Emery 1901: 122), Nalanda (Forel 1903a: 712), Puwakpitiya (Forel 1908: 8); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 201), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 271), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 9), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19); AntWeb records: Deniyaya, Nalanda: CASENT 0905539, CASENT 0906807, FOCOL 0086–0089 (AntWeb 2020).

Polyrhachis illaudata Walker, 1859

Polyrhachis illaudatus Walker, 1859: 373. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0903443 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Walker 1859: 373), Kandy (Emery 1893a: 255), Ceylon (Forel 1893a: 29), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 122), Peradeniya (Forel 1908: 9), Dividsogala (Forel 1911a: 228), Ambalagoda (Forel 1912c: 70), Sri Lanka (Bolton 1974b: 176), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 80), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 127), Kalugala Proposed Forest Reserve (Dias and Ruchirani 2014: 88), Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 35); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1896: 777, 780), Ceylon (Emery 1925: 209), Ceylon (Donisthorpe 1942b: 460), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 271), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 74), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 273), Sri Lanka (Mathew 2000: 353), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 362), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Tiwari and Tiwari 2002: 161), Sri Lanka (Mathew 2003: 204), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2003: 498), Sri Lanka (Ghosh et al. 2006: 382), Sri Lanka (Jaitrong and Nabhitabhata 2005: 39), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Sheela 2008a: 16), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19), Sri Lanka (Andersen et al. 2013: 144); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0903443.

Polyrhachis jerdonii Forel, 1892

Polyrhachis jerdonii Forel, 1892c: 17. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910853 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1892c: 17), Ceylon (Forel 1893a: 28), Anuradhapura (Emery 1901: 122), Sri Lanka (Kohout 2006: 146), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 62), Kirikanda Forest (Dias et al. 2013: 64), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 127), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 35); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1896: 779), Ceylon (Emery 1925: 191), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 292), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0910853 (AntWeb 2020).

Polyrhachis lacteipennis Smith F, 1858

Polyrhachis lacteipennis Smith F, 1858: 60. TL: North India [Holotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0903386 holotype queen examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1893a: 34), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 122); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 196), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 75), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 273), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2004: 618), Sri Lanka (Tak et al. 2007: 120).

Polyrhachis nigra Mayr, 1862

Polyrhachis niger Mayr, 1862: 683. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0915821 syntype queen examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Mayr 1862: 683); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1896: 777), Ceylon (Emery 1925: 201), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 273), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0915821 (AntWeb 2020).

Polyrhachis oedipus Forel, 1893

Polyrhachis oedipus Forel, 1893a: 31. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910874 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Kandy (Emery 1893a: 255), Ceylon (Forel 1893a: 31), Puwakpitiya (Forel 1908: 8), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 401), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 80); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1896: 779), Ceylon (Emery 1925: 193), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 294), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0910874 (AntWeb 2020).

Polyrhachis proxima Roger, 1863

Polyrhachis proxima Roger, 1863: 155. TL: Linga, Victoria: Australia [Syntypes: ZMHB]. [Images of FOCOL 2624, 2625 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 202); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 274), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 365).

Polyrhachis punctillata Roger, 1863

Polyrhachis punctillata Roger, 1863: 152. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: ZMHB]. [Images of FOCOL 2620–2622 syntype workers and queen examined].

Distribution. Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1863: 153), Ceylon (Forel 1893a: 29), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 62), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 128), Namalweva, Egodayagama (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 5), Sinhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Peiris 2015b: 26), Anuradhapura, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 35); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1896: 777), Ceylon (Forel 1902a: 289), Ceylon (Emery 1925: 204), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 275), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 77), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 365), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Tak and Rathore 2004a: 170), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2004: 618), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 271), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 173), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: FOCOL 2620–2622 (AntWeb 2020).

Polyrhachis rastellata (Latreille, 1802)

Formica rastellata Latreille, 1802: 130. TL: Indes Orientales: Indonesia [Holotype: MNHN (Lost)].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Kandy, Wackwella, Nawalapitiya (Emery 1893a: 254), Ceylon (Forel 1893a: 30), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 402), Colombo (Dias 2006a: 45), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 80), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 123), Gonapola (Dias 2015: 125), Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 35); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 208), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 265), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 76), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 271), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0903407, CASENT 0912103 (AntWeb 2020).

Polyrhachis rupicapra Roger, 1863

Polyrhachis rupicapra Roger, 1863: 154. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: ZMHB?].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1863: 154), Ceylon (Forel 1893a: 33), Bandarawela (Emery 1901: 122); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1896: 779), Ceylon (Emery 1925: 196), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 271), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 173), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0906783 (AntWeb 2020).

Polyrhachis saevissima argentea Mayr, 1862

Polyrhachis argenteus Mayr, 1862: 682. TL: Philippines [Syntype: NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0915827 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Kandy (Emery 1893a: 254).

Polyrhachis scissa (Roger, 1862)

Hemioptica scissa Roger, 1862: 240. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Lectotype: ZMHB]. [Images of FOCOL 2556, 2557 lectotype and paralectotype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1862: 240), Kandy (Emery 1893a: 255), Ceylon (Forel 1893a: 27), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 122), Puwakpitiya, Galle (Forel 1908: 13), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 402), Seenigoda (Forel 1911a: 228), Anuradhapura, Yala National Park (Dorow and Kohout 1995: 101), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 129), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 35); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1896: 780), Ceylon (Emery 1925: 210), Ceylon (Donisthorpe 1942b: 461), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 256), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 50), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: FOCOL 2556, 2557 (AntWeb 2020).

Polyrhachis sophocles Forel, 1908

Polyrhachis sophocles Forel, 1908: 10. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910898 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1908: 10); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 196), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0910898 (AntWeb 2020).

Polyrhachis thrinax Roger, 1863

Polyrhachis thrinax Roger, 1863: 152. TL: Nadungayam, Malabar: India; [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: NHMUK, ZMHB]. [Images of CASENT 0903324, FOCOL 2525, 2526 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1863: 152), Nawalapitiya, Wacwell (Emery 1893a: 254), Ceylon (Forel 1893a: 28), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 122), Puwakpitiya, Galle (Forel 1908: 9), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 401), Peradeniya (Forel 1913a: 135), Ceylon (Brown 1959: 164), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 80); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1896: 776), Ceylon (Emery 1925: 183), Ceylon (Donisthorpe 1942b: 460), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 302), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 9), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 79), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 273), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Jaitrong and Nabhitabhata 2005: 40), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: FOCOL 2525, 2526, SAM-HYM-C 005302 (AntWeb 2020).

Polyrhachis thrinax lancearia Forel, 1893

Polyrhachis thrinax var. lancearius Forel, 1893a: 19. TL: [Kanara], Karnataka: India [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910799 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Sri Lanka (Simon Robson personal collection).

Polyrhachis tibialis Smith F, 1858

Polyrhachis tibialis Smith F, 1858: 63. TL: Myanmar [Syntype: NHMUK?].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 9); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 273), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Sheela 2008a: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19).

Polyrhachis tibialis parsis Emery, 1900

Polyrhachis tibialis var. parsis Emery, 1900: 717. TL: [Kanara], Karnataka: India [Syntype: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0905637 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Puwakpitiya (Forel 1908: 9), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 401), Ceylon (Forel 1911a: 228); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 196), Ceylon (Donisthorpe 1942b: 460).

Polyrhachis tibialis pectita Santschi, 1928

Polyrhachis tibialis var. pectita Santschi, 1928: 136. TL: Paradeniya: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: NHMB]. [Images of CASENT 0912159 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Paradeniya (Santschi 1928: 136); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0912159 (AntWeb 2020).

Polyrhachis tubericeps Forel, 1893

Polyrhachis tubericeps Forel, 1893a: 33. TL: [Benares] Banaras: India [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910899 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19).

Polyrhachis wroughtonii Forel, 1894

Polyrhachis wroughtonii Forel, 1894: 398. TL: [Kanara], Karnataka: India [Syntypes: MHNG, NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0903351, CASENT 0910854 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Sri Lanka (Simon Robson personal collection).

Polyrhachis xanthippe Forel, 1911

Polyrhachis xanthippe Forel, 1911c: 61. TL: Namunukula: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MHNG, NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0903385, CASENT 0910900 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Intermediate Zone; Primary literature records: Namunukula (Forel 1911c: 62); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 197), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 300), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19); AntWeb records: Namunukula: CASENT 0903385, CASENT 0910900 (AntWeb 2020).

Polyrhachis yerburyi Forel, 1893

Polyrhachis yerburyi Forel, 1893a: 29. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910933 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1893a: 29), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 80); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1896: 777), Ceylon (Emery 1925: 203), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 279), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0910933 (AntWeb 2020).

Prenolepis: 1 species

Prenolepis naoroji Forel, 1902

Prenolepis naoroji Forel, 1902a: 290. TL: North West Provinces: India [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0911042 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19), Kirikanda Forest (Dias et al. 2013: 64), Egodayagama (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 5), Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 35).

Pseudolasius: 1 species

Pseudolasius isabellae Forel, 1908

Pseudolasius isabellae Forel, 1908: 4. TL: Puwakpitiya: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0910976 syntype queen examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Puwakpitiya (Forel 1908: 5), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 396), Pohoranwewa, Dambulla (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 62); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1925: 215), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 204), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 19); AntWeb records: Puwakpitiya: CASENT 0910976 (AntWeb 2020).

LEPTANILLINAE

Leptanilla: 1 species

Leptanilla besucheti Baroni Urbani, 1977

Leptanilla besucheti Baroni Urbani, 1977b: 448. TL: Pidurutalagala: Sri Lanka [Holotype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0911183 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Pidurutalagala (Baroni Urbani 1977a: 72), Pidurutalagala (Baroni Urbani 1977b: 449), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 149); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Bharti and Kumar 2012a: 624), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18); AntWeb records: Pidurutalagala: CASENT 0902779, CASENT 0911183 (AntWeb 2020).

Protanilla: 1 species

Protanilla schoedli Baroni Urbani and De Andrade, 2006

Protanilla schoedli Baroni Urbani and De Andrade, 2006: 45. TL: Uva, Inginirgala [Inginiyagala] Sri Lanka [Holotype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0911228 holotype queen examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Uva, Inginirgala (Baroni Urbani and De Andrade 2006: 45), Pompekelle, Gilimale Forest Reserve, Sinharaja Forest Reserve, Anuradhapura Sanctuary (Dias et al. 2019: 163); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Terayama 2009: 126); AntWeb records: Uva, Inginirgala: CASENT 0911228 (AntWeb 2020).

Yavnella: 1 species

Yavnella sp.

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Sri Lanka (Boudinot 2015: 31); AntWeb records: Victoria, Randenigala Rantembe Sanctuary: CASENT 0106366, CASENT 0106375–0106381 (AntWeb 2020).

MYRMICINAE

Acanthomyrmex: 1 species

Acanthomyrmex luciolae Emery, 1893

Acanthomyrmex luciolae Emery, 1893b: cclxxvi. TL: Kandy: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0904701, 0904702 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Kandy (Emery 1893a: 245), Ceylon (Emery 1893b: cclxxvi), Kandy (Moffett 1986: 76), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 81); Secondary literature records: Kandy (Forel 1903a: 696), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 115), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15); AntWeb records: Gilimale, Kandy: CASENT 0281791, CASENT 0904701, 0904702 (AntWeb 2020).

Anillomyrma: 1 species

Anillomyrma decamera (Emery, 1901)

Monomorium decamerum Emery, 1901: 117. TL: Anuradhapura: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0904590 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Anuradhapura (Emery 1901: 118), Ceylon (Ettershank 1966: 98), Anuradhapura (Eguchi et al. 2010: 33); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 687), Ceylon (Emery 1922: 184), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 161), Sri Lanka (Bolton 1987: 274), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Terayama 2009: 151), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0904590 (AntWeb 2020).

Aphaenogaster: 1 species

Aphaenogaster beccarii Emery, 1887

Aphaenogaster beccarii Emery, 1887b: 456. TL: Sumatra: Indonesia [Syntypes: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0904186 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51).

Calyptomyrmex: 3 species

Calyptomyrmex singalensis Baroni Urbani, 1975

Calyptomyrmex singalensis Baroni Urbani, 1975: 402. TL: Kantale: [Ceylon Eastern] Sri Lanka [Holotype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0911132 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Kantale, Inginiyagala, Uva (Baroni Urbani 1975: 403); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15); AntWeb records: Kantale: CASENT 0900993, CASENT 0911132 (AntWeb 2020).

Calyptomyrmex tamil Baroni Urbani, 1975

Calyptomyrmex tamil Baroni Urbani, 1975: 398. TL: 15 Uva near Wellawaya [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0911133 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Wellawaya, Uva (Baroni Urbani 1975: 401); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15); AntWeb records: Uva near Wellawaya: CASENT 0911133 (AntWeb 2020).

Calyptomyrmex vedda Baroni Urbani, 1975

Calyptomyrmex vedda Baroni Urbani, 1975: 404. TL: 63 Inginiyagala, Uva: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0911134 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Inginiyagala, Uva (Baroni Urbani 1975: 405); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51); Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15); AntWeb records: Uva Inginiyagala: CASENT 0911134 (AntWeb 2020).

Cardiocondyla: 5 species

Cardiocondyla emeryi Forel, 1881

Cardiocondyla emeryi Forel, 1881: 5. TL: St. Thomas Island, Virgin Islands [Syntypes: MHNG, SIZK]. [Images of CASENT 0916973 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Bandarawela (Seifert 2003: 277); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Mohammadi et al. 2012: 849), Sri Lanka (Wetterer 2012a: 16).

Cardiocondyla itsukii Seifert, Okita & Heinze, 2017

Cardiocondyla itsukii Siefert, Okita & Heinze, 2017: 339. TL: Shizuoka, Iwata-shi: Japan [Holotype: SMNG]. [Images of ANTWEB 1038017 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Bandarawela, Nuwara Eliya (Seifert et al. 2017: 341).

Cardiocondyla kagutsuchi Terayama, 1999

Cardiocondyla kagutsuchi Terayama, 1999: 100. TL: Omoto-dake, Ishigaki-jima, Okinawa: Japan [Holotype: MNHAH]. [Images of ANTWEB 1041248 paratype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Bandarawela, Nuwara Eliya, Labukelle (Seifert 2003: 252), Sri Lanka (Seifert 2008: 45).

Cardiocondyla minutior Forel, 1899

Cardiocondyla nuda var. minutior Forel, 1899: 120. TL: Molokai Mountains, Hawaiian Islands: United States [Syntypes: MHNG, NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0908344 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Nuwara Eliya, Labukelle, Gavarammana (Seifert 2003: 283); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Wetterer 2014: 568).

Cardiocondyla wroughtonii (Forel, 1890)

Emeryia wroughtonii Forel, 1890: cxi. TL: [Poona] Pune: India [Syntypes: NHMUK, MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0908349, 0908350, CASENT 0901753 syntype workers and ergatoid male examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Peradeniya, Nawalapitiya (Bolton 1982: 318), Peradeniya (Seifert 2003: 270), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 81).

Carebara: 12 species/subspecies

Carebara affinis (Jerdon, 1851)

Oecodoma affinis Jerdon, 1851: 110. TL: Malabar, Kerala: India [Type: UNK].

Distribution. Intermediate Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Bingham 1903: 165), Nalanda (Forel 1913b: 662); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 691), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 5), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 60), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 262), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 331), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2004: 612), Sri Lanka (Ghosh et al. 2006: 389), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 182), Sri Lanka (Tak et al. 2007: 129).

Carebara bruni (Forel, 1913)

Oligomyrmex bruni Forel, 1913a: 61. TL: Peradeniya: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MHNG, ZMHB]. [Images of CASENT 0908901, 0908902, FOCOL 1926 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Peradeniya, Botanical Garden (Forel 1913a: 63); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 156), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Peradeniya: CASENT 0908901, 0908902, FOCOL 1926 (AntWeb 2020).

Carebara butteli (Forel, 1913)

Pheidologeton butteli Forel, 1913a: 56. TL: Peradeniya: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MHNG, ZMHB]. [Images of CASENT 0908888, 0908889, FOCOL 1907–1912 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Peradeniya, Experiment Station (Forel 1913a: 58), Peradeniya, Experiment Station (Fischer et al. 2015: 85); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Wheeler 1936: 220), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 155), Ceylon (Ettershank 1966: 123), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0908888, 0908889, FOCOL 1907–1912 (AntWeb 2020).

Carebara ceylonensis (Forel, 1911)

Pheidologeton pygmaeus subsp. ceylonensis Forel, 1911a: 220. TL: Dividosgala, Peradeniya: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0908950 syntype queen examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Dividosgala, Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 221), Ambalagoda (Forel 1912c: 54); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 154), Ceylon (Ettershank 1966: 118), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Yamane 2003: 83), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Dividosgala: CASENT 0908950 (AntWeb 2020).

Carebara deponens (Walker, 1859)

Crematogaster deponens Walker, 1859: 374. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0902387 holotype queen examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Walker 1859: 374); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 158), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 95), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0902387 (AntWeb 2020).

Carebara diversa (Jerdon, 1851)

Oecodoma diversa Jerdon, 1851: 109. TL: Wynaad, Kerala: India [Type: UNK].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Colombo, Ratgama Kellie (Emery 1893a: 243), Kelaniya, Ratnapura (Dias 2006a: 45), Nawalapitiya (Amarasinghe 2010: 12), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 183), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 72); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Yamane 2003: 77), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 270), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16).

Carebara diversa taprobanae (Smith F, 1858)

Pheidole taprobanae Smith F, 1858: 175. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0900735 holotype queen examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Smith, F. 1858: 175), Bentota (Emery 1901: 120), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 394), Seenigoda (Forel 1911a: 220); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 691), Seenigoda (Forel 1913a: 55), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 95), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Yamane 2003: 83), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0908918, 0908919 (AntWeb 2020).

Carebara escherichi (Forel, 1911)

Paedalgus escherichi Forel, 1911a: 218. TL: Peradenyia: Ceylon Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MHNG, NHMUK, SIZK]. [Images of CASENT 0902375, CASENT 0908921, CASENT 0917025 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 219), Peradeniya (Bolton and Belshaw 1993: 185), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 166); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Wheeler 1936: 220), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 158), Ceylon (Ettershank 1966: 129); Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17); Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Peradeniya: CASENT 0902375, CASENT 0908921, CASENT 0917025 (AntWeb 2020).

Carebara nana (Roger, 1863)

Pheidologeton nanus Roger, 1863: 191. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: ZMHB].

Distribution. Wet and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1863: 193), Kandy (Emery 1893a: 243), Nalanda (Emery 1901: 120), Ceylon (Forel 1908: 3), Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 220); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 691), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 160), Ceylon (Ettershank 1966: 119), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Yamane 2003: 83), Sri Lanka (Ghosh et al. 2006: 390), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 270); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0906202, CASENT 0906213 (AntWeb 2020).

Carebara pygmaea (Emery, 1887)

Pheidologeton pygmaeus Emery, 1887c: 465. TL: Ternate, Acqui Conora, Maluku: Indonesia [Syntypes: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0904653, 0904654 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ambalangoda (Forel 1912c: 54), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2012: 85), Peradeniya (Fischer et al. 2014: 72); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 154), Ceylon (Ettershank 1966: 118), Sri Lanka (Yamane 2003: 78), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Dividosgala: CASENT 0908951, CASENT 0908952 (AntWeb 2020).

Carebara silenus (Smith F, 1858)

Pheidole silenus Smith F, 1858: 176. TL: Singapore [Syntypes: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0900737, 0900738 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 691); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 160), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Yamane 2003: 79).

Carebara sinhala Fischer, Azorsa & Fisher, 2014

Carebara sinhala Fischer, Azorsa & Fisher, 2014: 71. TL: Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 220); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Wheeler 1936: 220), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 158), Ceylon (Ettershank 1966: 119), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16), Ceylon (Fischer et al. 2014: 71).

Cataulacus: 4 species

Cataulacus granulatus (Latreille, 1802)

Formica granulata Latreille, 1802: 275. TL: Singapore [Holotype: OUMNH].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Kandy (Bolton 1974a: 65).

Cataulacus latus Forel, 1891

Cataulacus latus Forel, 1891: 144. TL: [Kanara], Karnataka, [Poona] Pune, [Pooree] Puri [Syntypes: MHNG, ZSM]. [Images of CASENT 0909239, 0909240, FOCOL 0660–0662 syntype workers, queens and male examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 81).

Cataulacus simoni Emery, 1893

Cataulacus simoni Emery, 1893a: 248. TL: Kandy: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0904879 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Colombo, Kandy (Emery 1893a: 248), Galle (Forel 1908: 2), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 393), Laxapathiya, Peradenya, Yakkala, Polonnaruwa (Bolton 1974a: 73), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 81); Secondary literature records: Colombo, Kandy (Forel 1903a: 706), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 86), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 322), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15); AntWeb records: Kandy, Coconut Research Institute, Lunuwila: CASENT 0280797, CASENT 0904879 (AntWeb 2020).

Cataulacus taprobanae Smith F, 1853

Cataulacus taprobanae Smith F, 1853: 225. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0900254 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Smith, F. 1853: 225), Kandy, Wackwella (Emery 1893a: 248), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 121), Puwakpitiya (Forel 1908: 2), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 393), Dividsogala, Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 226), Seenigoda (Forel 1913a: 83), Kandy, Polonnaruwa, Gilimale, Belihuloya (Bolton 1974a: 84), Sri Lanka Cashew Corporation-West, western Sri Lanka (Rickson and Rickson 1998: 843), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 62), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 168), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 35); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 706), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 86), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 2), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 322), Sri Lanka (Mathew 2003: 199), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 174), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0900254 (AntWeb 2020).

Crematogaster: 21 species/subspecies

Crematogaster anthracina Smith F, 1857

Crematogaster anthracinus Smith F, 1857: 75. TL: Singapore [Syntype: OUMNH]. [Images of CASENT 0901434 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18) ; Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 324), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 175), Sri Lanka (Hosoishi and Ogata 2009: 45), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15).

Crematogaster apicalis Motschoulsky, 1863

Crematogaster apicalis Motschoulsky, 1863: 20. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Type: UNK].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Motschoulsky 1863: 20); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 149), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 86), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Nuwara Eliya Mountains (Hosoishi and Ogata 2009: 45), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15).

Crematogaster biroi Mayr, 1897

Crematogaster biroi Mayr, 1897: 428. TL: Colombo: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: HNHM]. [Images of CASENT 0916605 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Colombo (Mayr 1897: 429), Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 223), Peradenyia (Menozzi 1935: 106), Pulliyarahandiya (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 62), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 170), Mawathagama, Kurunegala (Dias and Peiris 2015b: 26), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 35), Colombo (Hosoishi and Ogata 2016: 577); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 682), Ceylon (Emery 1922: 131), Colombo (Wheeler 1930: 66), Ceylon (Wheeler 1935: 21), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 96), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 49), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 324), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2003: 487), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Ghosh et al. 2006: 387), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 265), Colombo, Peradenyia (Hosoishi and Ogata 2009: 64), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15); AntWeb records: Colombo, Kandy: CASENT 0907505, CASENT 0914303, CASENT 0916605 (AntWeb 2020).

Crematogaster brunnea Smith F, 1857

Crematogaster brunneus Smith F, 1857: 75. TL: Sarawak: Malaysia [Syntypes: NHMUK, OUMNH]. [Images of CASENT 0901435, CASENT 0902122 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Intermediate Zone; Primary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Mawathagama, Kurunegala (Dias and Peiris 2015b: 26); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Hosoishi and Ogata 2009: 46).

Crematogaster brunnea nicevillei Emery, 1922

Crematogaster brunnea nicevillei Emery, 1922: 149. TL: [Calcutta] Kolkata, West Bengal: India [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0908565 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Colombo (Forel 1912c: 57).

Crematogaster brunnea rabula Forel, 1902

Crematogaster subnuda r. rabula Forel, 1902b: 207. TL: [Bombay] Mumbai, [Poona] Pune: India [Syntypes: MHNG, NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0908568 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Trincomalee, Ambalangoda (Forel 1909: 394), Seenigoda (Forel 1913a: 75); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 87).

Crematogaster brunnescens Motschoulsky, 1863

Crematogaster brunnescens Motschoulsky, 1863: 20. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Type: UNK].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Motschoulsky 1863: 20); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 150), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 89), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Colombo (Hosoishi and Ogata 2009: 48), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15).

Crematogaster consternens (Walker, 1859)

Myrmica consternens Walker, 1859: 374. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0902127 holotype male examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Walker 1859: 374); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 125), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51).

Crematogaster contemta Mayr, 1879

Crematogaster contemta Mayr, 1879: 685. TL: [Calcutta] Kolkata, West Bengal: India [Syntype: NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0919680 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 150), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 87); Puttalam (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 35); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1997: 445), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 251), Sri Lanka (Tak and Rathore 2004b: 87), Sri Lanka (Tak 2008: 16), Sri Lanka (Hosoishi and Ogata 2009: 46), Sri Lanka (Tak and Kazmi 2011: 42).

Crematogaster desecta Forel, 1911

Crematogaster desecta Forel, 1911c: 27. TL: Namunukula: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0908573 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Intermediate Zone; Primary literature records: Namunukula (Forel 1911c: 28); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 150), Ceylon (Weber 1943: 343), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 89), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Namunukula (Hosoishi and Ogata 2009: 48); AntWeb records: Namunukula: CASENT 0908573 (AntWeb 2020).

Crematogaster dohrni Mayr, 1879

Crematogaster dohrni Mayr, 1879: 682. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0919682 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Mayr 1879: 683), Kandy (Emery 1893a: 243), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 120), Kelaniya Valley (Forel 1908: 2), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 394), Dividsogala, Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 223), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 62), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 171), Namalweva, Marawila, Pallama, Madurankuliya (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 6), Sinhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Peiris 2015b: 26), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 35); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 682), Ceylon (Emery 1922: 150), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 89), Sri Lanka (Mathew 1984: 307), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 2), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 43), Sri Lanka (Mathew 2000: 350), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 265), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 175), Sri Lanka (Hosoishi and Ogata 2009: 49), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15); AntWeb records: Kalthota: CASENT 0914077, CASENT 0919682 (AntWeb 2020).

Crematogaster dohrni gigas Forel, 1913

Crematogaster dohrni gigas Forel, 1913a: 74. TL: [Huppulama] Maha Iluppalama: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MHNG, ZMHB]. [Images of CASENT 0907516, FOCOL 1451 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Maha Iluppulama (Forel 1913a: 75); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 150), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 89), Maha Iluppulama (Hosoishi and Ogata 2009: 49); AntWeb records: Maha Iluppulama: CASENT 0907516, FOCOL 1451 (AntWeb 2020).

Crematogaster pellens Walker, 1859

Crematogaster pellens Walker, 1859: 374. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0902125 holotype male examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Walker 1859: 374); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 158), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Hosoishi and Ogata 2009: 54), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0902125.

Crematogaster ransonneti Mayr, 1868

Crematogaster ransonneti Mayr, 1868: 287. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: NHMUK, NHMW, ZMHB]. [Images of CASENT 0902124, CASENT 0919685, FOCOL 1449, 1450 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Mayr 1868: 287), Nuwara Eliya (Emery 1893a: 243), Ceylon (Forel 1908: 2); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 683), Ceylon (Emery 1922: 151), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 93), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 46), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2003: 487), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 175), Sri Lanka (Hosoishi and Ogata 2009: 56), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0902124, CASENT 0919685, FOCOL 1449, 1450 (AntWeb 2020).

Crematogaster rogenhoferi Mayr, 1879

Crematogaster rogenhoferi Mayr, 1879: 683. TL: [Mulmein], [Molmein, Brit. Birma] Mawlamyine: Myanmar [Syntypes: NHMW, ZMHB]. [Images of CASENT 0919686, FOCOL 1452 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 682), Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 35); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Wheeler 1921: 535), Ceylon (Emery 1922: 150), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 90), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 43), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 252), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 327), Sri Lanka (Mathew 2003: 200), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2003: 488), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2004: 613), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 175), Sri Lanka (Hosoishi and Ogata 2009: 56), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15).

Crematogaster rogenhoferi lutea Emery, 1893

Crematogaster rogenhoferi var. lutea Emery, 1893c: 193. TL: Deli, Sumatra: Indonesia [Syntype: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0904527 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ramboda (Menozzi 1935: 116); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Hosoishi and Ogata 2009: 56).

Crematogaster rogeri Emery, 1922

Crematogaster rogeri Emery, 1922: 151. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MSNG?].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 151); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Hosoishi and Ogata 2009: 57), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15).

Crematogaster rothneyi Mayr, 1879

Crematogaster rothneyi Mayr, 1879: 685. TL: [Calcutta] Kolkata, West Bengal: India [Syntype: NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0919687 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1908: 3), Haputale (Forel 1913a: 75), Bandarawela (Forel 1913b: 662), Polonnaruwa (Kosgamage and Dias 2009: 79), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 62), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 172), Namalweva, Ihakuluweva, Egodayagama (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 6), Sinhapura, Polonnaruwa, Mawathagama, Kurunegala (Dias and Peiris 2015b: 26), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 36); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Hosoishi and Ogata 2009: 57), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15).

Crematogaster rothneyi haputalensis Forel, 1913

Crematogaster rothneyi var. haputalensis Forel, 1913a: 75. TL: Haputale: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG?].

Distribution. Intermediate Zone; Primary literature records: Haputale (Forel 1913a: 75); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 152), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 93), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Haputale (Hosoishi and Ogata 2009: 57).

Crematogaster subnuda Mayr, 1879

Crematogaster subnuda Mayr, 1879: 682. TL: [Calcutta] Kolkata, West Bengal: India [Syntype: NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0919689 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 682), Trincomalee (Forel 1913b: 662); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 150), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 2), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 46), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 251), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 176), Sri Lanka (Sheela 2008a: 24), Sri Lanka (Hosoishi and Ogata 2009: 58).

Crematogaster walshi Forel, 1902

Crematogaster walshi Forel, 1902b: 205. TL: [Pooree] Puri: India [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0908374 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Peradeniya (Forel 1911b: 455).

Dilobocondyla: 1 species

Dilobocondyla didita (Walker, 1859)

Atta didita Walker, 1859: 375. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0902012 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Walker 1859: 375), Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 223); Secondary literature records: Peradenyia (Chapman and Capco 1951: 82), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Bharti and Kumar 2013: 42); AntWeb records: Peradenyia: CASENT 0902012, CASENT 0908983 (AntWeb 2020).

Erromyrma: 1 species

Erromyrma latinodis (Mayr, 1872)

Monomorium latinode Mayr, 1872: 152. TL: Borneo, Sarawak: Malaysia [Lectotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0905756, FOCOL 0634 lectotype and paralectotype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Kandy (Emery 1893a: 243), Sri Lanka (Bolton 1987: 430), South Sri Lanka (Way and Bolton 1997: 442), eastern Sri Lanka (Rickson and Rickson 1998: 843), Kandy (Heterick 2006: 108); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 687), Ceylon (Emery 1922: 171), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 165), Ceylon (Ettershank 1966: 88), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 55), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 256), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Tiwari and Tiwari 2002: 157), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2004: 611), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 178), Sri Lanka (Sheela 2008a: 29), Sri Lanka (Tak 2008: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15); AntWeb records: Kandy: CASENT 0008632 (AntWeb 2020).

Lophomyrmex: 3 species

Lophomyrmex bedoti Emery, 1893

Lophomyrmex bedoti Emery, 1893c: 192. TL: Deli, Sumatra: Indonesia [Syntype: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0904647 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Peradenyia (Rigato 1994: 55); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Bharti and Kumar 2012b: 267), Sri Lanka (Yamane and Hosoishi 2014: 67).

Lophomyrmex birmanus Emery, 1893

Lophomyrmex birmanus Emery, 1893c: 192. TL: Carin Cheba: Myanmar [Syntype: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0904646 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Peradenyia (Rigato 1994: 58); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Sheela and Ghosh 2008), Sri Lanka (Yamane and Hosoishi 2014: 67).

Lophomyrmex quadrispinosus (Jerdon, 1851)

Oecodoma quadrispinosa Jerdon, 1851: 111. TL: Malabar, Kerala: India [Type: UNK].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Kandy (Emery 1893a: 243), Ceylon (Emery 1893c: 192), Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 223), Mahaoya, Sugarcane Research Institute, Katunayake, Lunuwila, C.R.I, Ratnapura, Kandy, Polonnaruwa, Laxapathiya nr Moratuwa, Mahawa (Rigato 1994: 59), Kelaniya, Gampaha, Colombo (Dias 2006a: 45), Nawalapitiya (Amarasinghe 2010: 12), Gilimale Forest Reserve (Dias and Perera 2011: 72), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 62), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 174), Namalweva, Ihakuluweva, Marawila, Pallama, Madurankuliya (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 6), Sinhapura, Polonnaruwa, Mawathagama, Kurunegala (Dias and Peiris 2015b: 26), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 36); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 685), Ceylon (Wheeler 1936: 220), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 156), Ceylon (Ettershank 1966: 134), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 59), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Tiwari and Tiwari 2002: 158), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2003: 489), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Sheela and Ghosh 2008), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15), AntWeb records: Lunuwila CRI: CASENT 0281611, CASENT 0908880 (AntWeb 2020).

Meranoplus: 5 species

Meranoplus bicolor (Guerin-Meneville, 1844)

Cryptocerus bicolor Guérin-Méneville, 1844: 425. TL: Pudicherry, Tamil Nadu: India [Type: UNK].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Kandy, Galle, Kottawa, Colombo (Emery 1893a: 248), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 120), Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 705), Puwakpitiya, Galle (Forel 1908: 2), Peradeniya, Seenigoda (Forel 1911a: 226), Peradeniya, Seenigoda, Maha Iluppalama (Forel 1913a: 83), Ramboda (Karavaiev 1935: 99), Peradeniya, Henarathgoda, Colombo, Bandarawela, Dehiwala, Ratmalana, Laxapathiya, Polonnaruwa, Medirigiriya, Yakkala, Kandy, Moratuwa, Mahawa, Udugala, Sawaragomuwa, Opanayaka, Ratnapura, Kantale, Uva, Wellawaya (Schödl 1998: 372), Kelaniya, Gampaha, Colombo, Ratnapura, Galle (Dias 2006a: 45), Dambulla (Dias and Kosgamage 2008: 115), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 81), Nawalapitiya (Amarasinghe 2010: 12), Gilimale Forest Reserve (Dias and Perera 2011: 72), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 62), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 175), Ihakuluweva, Marawila, Pallama, Madurankuliya, Egodayagama (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 6), Mawathagama, Kurunegala (Dias and Peiris 2015b: 26), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 36), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 72); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Tiwari and Tiwari 2002: 158), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2004: 612), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Tak 2008: 18), Sri Lanka (Tak and Kazmi 2011: 43), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15); AntWeb records: Dehiwala, Colombo: CASENT 0318981 (AntWeb 2020).

Meranoplus boltoni Schödl, 1998

Meranoplus boltoni Schödl, 1998: 376. TL: Diyatalawa: Sri Lanka [Holotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0902031 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Intermediate Zone; Primary literature records: Diyatalawa (Schodl 1998: 376); AntWeb records: Diyatalawa: CASENT 0902031 (AntWeb 2020).

Meranoplus levis Donisthorpe, 1942

Meranoplus levis Donisthorpe, 1942b: 455. TL: Dohnavur, Tinnevelly: India [Holotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0902025 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Hambantota (Donisthorpe 1942b: 456); Hambantota, Valleygatha (Schodl 1998: 381); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18).

Meranoplus loebli Schödl, 1998

Meranoplus loebli Schödl, 1998: 384. TL: Hasalaka: [Ceylon Central] Sri Lanka [Holotype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0911194 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Hasalaka, Kandy, Peradeniya, Kantale, Horton Plains (Schodl 1998: 384), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 81); AntWeb records: Hasalaka: CASENT 0902032, CASENT 0911194 (AntWeb 2020).

Meranoplus rothneyi Forel, 1902

Meranoplus rothneyi Forel, 1902b: 241. TL: [Cochin] Kochi: India [Lectotype: NHMB]. [Images of CASENT 0915542 lectotype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1912d: 82), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 81).

Metapone: 1 species

Metapone greeni Forel, 1911

Metapone greeni Forel, 1911b: 449. TL: Peradeniya: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Lectotype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907444 lectotype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Peradeniya (Forel 1911b: 452), Peradeniya (Wheeler 1919b: 181), Hantana (Karavaiev 1933: 120), Peradeniya, Hantana, Kandy (Taylor and Alpert 2016: 513); Secondary literature records: Peradeniya, Hantana (Smith, M. R. 1947: 75), Hantana (Chapman and Capco 1951: 114), Peradeniya, Hantana (Gregg 1958: 119, 120), Peradeniya, Hantana (Kusnezov 1960: 126), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15); AntWeb records: Central Highlands, Peradeniya: CASENT 0907444, CASENT 0914068, CASENT 0916851 (AntWeb 2020).

Monomorium: 6 species

Monomorium dichroum Forel, 1902

Monomorium dichroum Forel, 1902b: 212. TL: [Bombay] Mumbai, [Poona] Pune: India [Syntypes: MHNG, NHMUK, SIZK]. [Images of CASENT 0902222, CASENT 0908718, CASENT 0917812 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Puwakpitiya (Forel 1908: 3), Seenigoda (Forel 1911a: 211), South Sri Lanka (Way and Bolton 1997: 442).

Monomorium floricola (Jerdon, 1851)

Atta floricola Jerdon, 1851: 107. TL: Malabar, Thalassery, Kerala: India [Type: UNK].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Dividsogala, Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 221), Colombo (Bolton 1987: 391), South Sri Lanka (Way and Bolton 1997: 442), Kelaniya, Colombo (Dias 2006a: 45), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 81), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2012: 84), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 62), Kirikanda Forest (Dias et al. 2013: 64), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 178), Namalweva, Ihakuluweva, Egodayagama (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 6), Sinhapura, Polonnaruwa, Mawathagama, Kurunegala (Dias and Peiris 2015b: 26), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 36); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 172), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 164), Ceylon (Ettershank 1966: 89), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 3), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 54), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 256), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Tiwari and Tiwari 2002: 156), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2004: 610), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Peradeniya (Heterick 2006: 122), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 268), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 178), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15); AntWeb records: Peradenyia: CASENT 0908699, CASENT 0917813 (AntWeb 2020).

Monomorium monomorium Bolton, 1987

Monomorium monomorium Bolton, 1987: 287. TL: Lido, Italy [Syntypes: NHMUK, NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0902281, CASENT 0916000 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 304); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 268).

Monomorium pharaonis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Formica pharaonis Linnaeus, 1758: 580. TL: Egypt [Syntypes: UNK].

Distribution. Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Mihintale, Bibile (Bolton 1987: 356), Sri Lanka (Heterick 2006: 101), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 62), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 179), Namalweva, Ihakuluweva, Marawila, Madurankuliya (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 6), Sinhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Peiris 2015b: 26), Anuradhapura, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 36); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0102682 (AntWeb 2020).

Monomorium subopacum (Smith F, 1858)

Myrmica subopaca Smith F, 1858: 127. TL: Madeira Is.: Portugal [Lectotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0010948 lectotype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 166), Sri Lanka (Bolton 1987: 360), Sri Lanka (Heterick 2006: 103); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 176), Ceylon (Ettershank 1966: 89), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 53), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 179), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0010950, 0010951 (AntWeb 2020).

Monomorium taprobanae Forel, 1913

Monomorium minutum var. taprobanae Forel, 1913a: 53. TL: Peradeniya: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0908703 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Peradeniya (Forel 1913a: 53); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 167), Ceylon (Ettershank 1966: 92), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15); AntWeb records: Peradeniya: CASENT 0908703 (AntWeb 2020).

Myrmecina: 1 species

Myrmecina striata Emery, 1889

Myrmecina striata Emery, 1889: 500. TL: Myanmar [Syntype: MSNG?].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15), Mihintale Forest (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 62), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 180), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Polonnaruwa, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 36).

Myrmicaria: 2 species

Myrmicaria brunnea Saunders, 1842

Myrmicaria brunnea Saunders, 1842: 57. TL: India [Type: UNK].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 708), Paradeniya (Forel 1907b: 17), Puwakpitiya, Kandy (Forel 1908: 2), Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 226), Ceylon (Forel 1913a: 74), Ceylon (Karavaiev 1935: 82), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 81), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2012: 84), Maimbula, Gampaha (Yahya et al. 2009: 251), Nawalapitiya (Amarasinghe 2010: 12), Gilimale Forest Reserve (Dias and Perera 2011: 72), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 62), Kirikanda Forest (Dias et al. 2013: 64), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 181), Kalugala Proposed Forest Reserve (Dias and Ruchirani 2014: 88), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Polonnaruwa, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 36), Meethirigala Forest Reserve (Dias and Udayakantha 2016a: 53), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Dias and Udayakantha 2016b: 5), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 72); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 122), Ceylon (Donisthorpe 1942b: 454), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 124), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 4), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 42), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 257), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 336), Sri Lanka (Tiwari and Tiwari 2002: 155), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16).

Myrmicaria fodiens (Jerdon, 1851)

Myrmica fodicus Jerdon, 1851: 115. TL: Malabar, Kerala: India [Type: UNK].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Kandy (Emery 1893a: 249), Ceylon (Emery 1893c: 219), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 121).

Paratopula: 1 species

Paratopula ceylonica (Emery, 1901)

Atopomyrmex ceylonicus Emery, 1901: 114. TL: Negombo: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: DEIC, MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0904714 syntype queen examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Negombo (Emery 1901: 115), Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 36); Secondary literature records: Negombo (Forel 1903a: 699), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 118), Ceylon (Bolton 1988: 138), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Sheela 2008b: 423), Sri Lanka (Xu and Xu 2011: 595), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Negombo: CASENT 0904714, FOCOL 0309 (AntWeb 2020).

Pheidole: 27 species/subspecies

Pheidole barreleti Forel, 1903

Pheidole barreleti Forel, 1903b: 252. TL: Kandy: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907862, 0907863 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Kandy (Forel 1903b: 252); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 140), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Kandy: CASENT 0907862, 0907863 (AntWeb 2020).

Pheidole ceylonica (Motschoulsky, 1863)

Oecophthora ceylonica Motschoulsky, 1863: 18. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Type: UNK].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Nuwara Eliya, Patannas, Colombo (Motschoulsky 1863: 18); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 97), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 140), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri (Lanka Dias et al. 2012: 16).

Pheidole diffidens (Walker, 1859)

Formica diffidens Walker, 1859: 372. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0901536 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Walker 1859: 372); Secondary literature records: Emery 1925: 271 (Ceylon), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 199), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0901536.

Pheidole fergusoni Forel, 1902

Pheidole fergusoni Forel, 1902b: 169. TL: Travancore: India [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907877, 0907878 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; AntWeb records: Ruhunu National Park: CASENT 0281642, 0281643 (AntWeb 2020).

Pheidole fervens Smith F, 1858

Pheidole fervens Smith F, 1858: 176. TL: Singapore [Syntypes: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0901519, 0901520 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Sri Lanka (Ogata 1982: 197), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 73); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Azuma and Kinjo 1987), Sri Lanka (Yamane et al. 1999), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 270), Sri Lanka (Terayama et al. 2014).

Pheidole gracilipes (Motschoulsky, 1863)

Leptomyrma gracilipes Motschoulsky, 1863: 17. TL: Nuwara Eliya: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Type: UNK].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Nuwara Eliya (Motschoulsky 1863: 17); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 97), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 142), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16).

Pheidole horni Emery, 1901

Pheidole horni Emery, 1901: 118. TL: Bentota: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0904230 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Bentota (Emery 1901: 118), Ceylon (Forel 1902b: 198), Ceylon (Forel 1902c: 546); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 142), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2004: 612), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Bentota, Peradeniya: CASENT 0281653, CASENT 0904230 (AntWeb 2020).

Pheidole indica Mayr, 1879

Pheidole indica Mayr, 1879: 679. TL: [Calcutta] Kolkata, West Bengal: India [Lectotype: NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0906612, 0906613 paralectotype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Anuradhapura (Emery 1901: 118), Puwakpitiya (Forel 1908: 3), Trincomalee (Forel 1909: 394), Trincomalee, Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 222); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1902b: 199), Ceylon (Forel 1902c: 546), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 143), Sri Lanka (Azuma and Kinjo 1987), Sri Lanka (Ogata 1982: 196), Sri Lanka (Yamane et al. 1999), Sri Lanka (Zhou and Zheng 1999: 84), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 270), Sri Lanka (Terayama et al. 2014); AntWeb records: Peradeniya: CASENT 0907901, 0907902 (AntWeb 2020).

Pheidole jucunda Forel, 1885

Pheidole jucunda Forel, 1885: 179. TL: India [Syntype: MHNG?].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Sri Lanka (Xu et al. 1998: 229); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 260), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 315).

Pheidole latinoda Roger, 1863

Pheidole latinoda Roger, 1863: 195. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: ZMHB?].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1863: 196), Colombo (Emery 1893a: 243), Weligama (Emery 1901: 118); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1902b: 189), Ceylon (Forel 1902c: 540), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 144), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 260), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16).

Pheidole latinoda peradeniyae Forel, 1911

Pheidole latinoda peradeniyae Forel, 1911a: 222. TL: Peradeniya: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907922, 0907923 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 222); Secondary literature records: Peradeniya (Chapman and Capco 1951: 144); AntWeb records: Peradeniya: CASENT 0907922, 0907923 (AntWeb 2020).

Pheidole malinsii Forel, 1902

Pheidole malinsii Forel, 1902b: 167. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907927 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1902b: 187), Ceylon (Forel 1902c: 539); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 145), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 38), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 316), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2003: 484), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0907927 (AntWeb 2020).

Pheidole megacephala (Fabricius, 1793)

Formica megacephala Fabricius, 1793: 361. TL: Camizard Mt., Bambous: Mauritius [Neotype: CAS]. [Images of CASENT 0104990 neotype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Smith F, 1858: 175); Colombo, Kandy (Emery 1893a: 243), Puwakpitiya (Forel 1908: 3), Peradeniya, Haputale (Forel 1913a: 27), Puttalam, Bandarawela (Forel 1913b: 662); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16), Sri Lanka (Wetterer 2012b: 55), Ceylon (Fischer and Fischer 2013: 332).

Pheidole nietneri Emery, 1901

Pheidole nietneri Emery, 1901: 118. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MSNG?].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Bandarawela (Emery 1901: 119), Ceylon (Forel 1902b: 193), Ceylon (Forel 1902c: 543), Trincomalee (Forel 1909: 394); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 146), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16).

Pheidole nodus Smith F, 1874

Pheidole nodus Smith F, 1874: 407. TL: Hyogo: Japan [Syntype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0901507 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1902b: 195), Ceylon (Forel 1902c: 544), Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 223), Puttalam (Forel 1913b: 662), Ceylon (Eguchi 2008: 59), Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 36), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Dias and Udayakantha 2016b: 5), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 73); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Wheeler 1929: 3), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 148), Sri Lanka (Ogata 1982: 196), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16), Sri Lanka (Terayama et al. 2014); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0907942, 0907943, CASENT 0916618 (AntWeb 2020).

Pheidole parva Mayr, 1865

Pheidole parva Mayr, 1865: 98. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Lectotype: NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0319248 lectotype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Mayr 1865: 98), Ceylon (Forel 1902b: 192), Ceylon (Forel 1902c: 542), Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 221), Haputale (Forel 1913a: 41), Kandy (Eguchi et al. 2007: 264), Kandy (Eguchi 2008: 67), Sri Lanka (Fischer and Fischer 2013: 340); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 95), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 147), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 317), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Jaitrong and Nabhitabhata 2005: 34), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Ghosh et al. 2006: 390), Sri Lanka (Le et al. 2010: 7), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0922207, 0922208, CASENT 0319248 (AntWeb 2020).

Pheidole pronotalis Forel, 1902

Pheidole pronotalis Forel, 1902b: 173. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907987, 0907988 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Kandy, Nuwara Eliya (Emery 1893a: 244), Ceylon (Forel 1902b: 190), Ceylon (Forel 1902c: 541); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 95), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 148), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 317), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2003: 484), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0907987, 0907988 (AntWeb 2020).

Pheidole rogersi taylori Forel, 1902

Pheidole rogersi taylori Forel, 1902b: 182. TL: [Orissa] Odisha: India [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907949, 0907950 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 222).

Pheidole rugosa Smith F, 1858

Pheidole rugosa Smith F, 1858: 175. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0901525 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Smith F, 1858: 176), Ceylon (Forel 1902b: 194), Ceylon (Forel 1902c: 544); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 149), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0901525 (AntWeb 2020).

Pheidole sharpi Forel, 1902

Pheidole sharpi Forel, 1902b: 169. TL: Salem, Madras Pres.: India [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907951, 0907952 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17); AntWeb records: Wirawila: CASENT 0281640, 0281641 (AntWeb 2020).

Pheidole spathifera Forel, 1902

Pheidole spathifera Forel, 1902b: 168. TL: Coonoor, [Nilghiris] Tamil Nadu: India [Syntypes: MHNG, SIZK]. [Images of CASENT 0907955, 0907956, CASENT 0917784, 0917785 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1902b: 187), Ceylon (Forel 1902c: 539), Kelaniya (Dias 2006a: 45), Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 36); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 4), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1997: 444), Sri Lanka (Xu et al. 1998: 234), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 39), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 261), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Tiwari and Tiwari 2002: 155), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 180), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Nuwara Eliya (AntWeb 2020: CASENT 0281634, 0281635).

Pheidole spathifera yerburyi Forel, 1902

Pheidole spathifera yerburyi Forel, 1902b: 168. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907959, 0907960 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Bandarawela (Emery 1901: 118), Ceylon (Forel 1902b: 188), Ceylon (Forel 1902c: 540), Puwakpitiya (Forel 1908: 3), Peradeniya, Seenigoda (Forel 1911a: 221); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 150); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0907959, 0907960 (AntWeb 2020).

Pheidole sulcaticeps Roger, 1863

Pheidole sulcaticeps Roger, 1863: 193. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: ZMHB].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1863: 195), Maha Iluppalama (Forel 1913a: 42); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 151), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 261), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Tiwari and Tiwari 2002: 155), Sri Lanka (Tak and Rathore 2004a: 181), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 270), Sri Lanka (Tak 2008: 28), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16).

Pheidole sulcaticeps vellicans Forel, 1911

Pheidole sulcaticeps vellicans Forel, 1911a: 222. TL: Peradeniya: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907963, 0907964 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 222); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 151); AntWeb records: Peradeniya: CASENT 0907963, 0907964 (AntWeb 2020).

Pheidole templaria euscrobata Forel, 1913

Pheidole templaria r. euscrobata Forel, 1913a: 41. TL: Haputale: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MHNG, ZMHB]. [Images of CASENT 0908004, FOCOL 1376 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Intermediate Zone; Primary literature records: Haputale (Forel 1913a: 41); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 95), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 151); AntWeb records: Haputale: CASENT 0908004, FOCOL 1376 (AntWeb 2020).

Pheidole watsoni Forel, 1902

Pheidole watsoni Forel, 1902b: 171. TL: Myingyan, [N. Burma] Myanmar; [Orissa] Odisha: India [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0908005, 0908006 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1902b: 189); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 95), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 152), Sri Lanka (Xu et al. 1998: 232), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 262), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 319), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Ghosh et al. 2006: 390), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 181).

Pheidole woodmasoni Forel, 1885

Pheidole woodmasoni Forel, 1885: 180. TL: [Calcutta] Kolkata, West Bengal; [Orissa] Odisha: India [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0908007, 0908008 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Matale, Kandy (Emery 1893a: 243), Ceylon (Forel 1902b: 191), Ceylon (Forel 1902c: 541); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 95), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 152), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 5), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 262), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 320), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 181), Sri Lanka (Sheela 2008a: 37).

Pristomyrmex: 2 species

Pristomyrmex punctatus (Smith F, 1860)

Myrmica punctata Smith F, 1860a: 108. TL: [Bac.] Bacan, Maluku Utara: Indonesia [Syntype: OUMNH]. [Images of CASENT 0901379 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 696); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18).

Pristomyrmex sinharaja Dias & Yamane, 2016

Pristomyrmex sinharaja Dias & Yamane, 2016: 190. TL: Sinharaja NP, Sri Lanka [Holotype: SKYC]. [Images of ANTWEB 1041160 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Sinharaja National Park (Yamane and Dias 2016: 190), Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 36); AntWeb records: Sinharaja National Park: ANTWEB 1041160, 1041161 (AntWeb 2020).

Recurvidris: 2 species

Recurvidris pickburni Bolton, 1992

Recurvidris pickburni Bolton, 1992: 45. TL: Kandy: Sri Lanka [Paratype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0902055 paratype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Kandy (Bolton 1992: 45), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2012: 85), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 186); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Kandy: CASENT 0902055 (AntWeb 2020).

Recurvidris recurvispinosa (Forel, 1890)

Trigonogaster recurvispinosus Forel, 1890: cix. TL: [Poona] Pune: India [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0908882 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16), Giritale Forest, Mihintale (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 63), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 187), Mawathagama, Kurunegala (Dias and Peiris 2015b: 26), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 36), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 73).

Rhopalomastix: 2 species

Rhopalomastix escherichi Forel, 1911

Rhopalomastix escherichi Forel, 1911a: 217. TL: Peradenyia: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0908321 syntype queen examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Peradenyia (Forel 1911a: 217); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 119), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 111), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Peradenyia: CASENT 0908321 (AntWeb 2020).

Rhopalomastix rothneyi Forel, 1900

Rhopalomastix rothneyi Forel, 1900c: 24. TL: Barrackpore, West Bengal: India; [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MHNG, ZMHB]. [Images of CASENT 0908322, 0908323, FOCOL 2102 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Peradenyia (Forel 1911a: 217), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2012: 85); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 119), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 111), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Peradenyia: AntWeb records: CASENT 0908323, FOCOL 2102 (AntWeb 2020).

Solenopsis: 2 species

Solenopsis geminata (Fabricius, 1804)

Atta geminata Fabricius, 1804: 423. TL: Central America [Syntypes: ZMUC].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Mayr 1865: 109), Colombo (Emery 1893a: 243), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 120), Galle (Forel 1908: 3), Ambalangoda (Forel 1909: 394), Seenigoda (Forel 1913a: 55), South Sri Lanka (Way and Bolton 1997: 442), Kelaniya, Gampaha, Colombo, Ratnapura, Galle (Dias 2006a: 45), Dambulla (Dias and Kosgamage 2008: 115), Nawalapitiya (Amarasinghe 2010: 12), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 63), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 189), Namalweva, Marawila, Pallama, Madurankuliya (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 6), Sinhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Peiris 2015b: 26), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 36); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 168), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Tak and Rathore 2004a: 176), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Tak 2008: 26), Sri Lanka (Wetterer 2011: 27), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16).

Solenopsis nitens Bingham, 1903

Solenopsis nitens Bingham, 1903: 160. TL: Peradeniyan near Kandy: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0902364 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Peradeniya (Bingham 1903: 160), Peradeniya (Forel 1911b: 455); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 168), Ceylon (Ettershank 1966: 142), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Peradeniya: CASENT 0902364 (AntWeb 2020).

Stereomyrmex: 1 species

Stereomyrmex horni Emery, 1901

Stereomyrmex horni Emery, 1901: 116. TL: Bandarawela, Uva: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: DEIC, MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0904458, 0904459, FOCOL 0290–0295 syntype workers and males examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Bandarawela (Emery 1901: 117), Bandarawela (Forel 1903a: 699), Bandarawela (Forel 1908: 3), Anuradhapura Sanctuary (Dias et al. 2011: 100), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 190), Kalugala Proposed Forest Reserve, Wilpita “Aranya Kele” (Dias and Ruchirani 2014: 88), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Polonnaruwa, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 36); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 120), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 173), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Diyatalawa, Bandarawela: CASENT 0101263, 0101264, CASENT 0101796, CASENT 0178593, CASENT 0904458, 0904459, CASENT 0922896, FOCOL 0290–0295, MCZ 594252 (AntWeb 2020).

Strumigenys: 6 species

Strumigenys emmae (Emery, 1890)

Epitritus emmae Emery, 1890: 70. TL: [S. Thomas], Virgin Islands: United States [Syntype: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0102082 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve, Lenagala Forest Reserve, Watinapaha (Dias et al. 2018: 252), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 73).

Strumigenys godeffroyi Mayr, 1866

Strumigenys godeffroyi Mayr, 1866: 516. TL: Samoa [Syntype: NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0915692 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Kandy (Emery 1893a: 249), Peradeniya (Forel 1913a: 84), Peradeniya, Gilimale (Bolton 2000: 791); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1914: 417), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 108), Sri Lanka (Lin and Wu 1996: 143), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 272), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Peradeniya: CASENT 0909311 (AntWeb 2020).

Strumigenys inopinata (De Andrade, 1994)

Rhopalothrix inopinata De Andrade, 1994: 54. TL: Kandy: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0911230 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Kandy (Baroni Urbani and De Andrade 1994: 54); AntWeb records: Kandy: CASENT 0911230 (AntWeb 2020).

Strumigenys lyroessa (Roger, 1862)

Labidogenys lyroessa Roger, 1862: 251. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: ZMHB]. [Images of FOCOL 2155 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1862: 251), Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 707), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 63), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 192), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Polonnaruwa, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 36); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1897a: 574), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 109), Sri Lanka (Bolton 2000: 872), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: FOCOL 2155 (AntWeb 2020).

Strumigenys membranifera Emery, 1869

Strumigenys membranifera Emery, 1869: 24. TL: Portici: Italy [Syntype: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0102081 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Watinapaha (Dias et al. 2018: 253).

Strumigenys veddha De Andrade, 2007

Strumigenys veddha De Andrade, 2007: 141. TL: North Central, Aluthoya: Sri Lanka [Holotype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0911244 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: North central, Aluthoya (Baroni Urbani and De Andrade 2007: 141); AntWeb records: North Central, Aluthoya: CASENT 0911244 (AntWeb 2020).

Syllophopsis: 1 species

Syllophopsis australica (Forel, 1907)

Monomorium subcoecum subsp. australicum Forel, 1907a: 20. TL: Mount Victoria, New South Wales: Australia [Lectotype: HNHM]. [Images of CASENT 0916610 lectotype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: South Sri Lanka (Way and Bolton 1997: 442).

Tetramorium: 16 species

Tetramorium bicarinatum (Nylander, 1846)

Myrmica bicarinata Nylander, 1846b: 1061. TL: California: USA [Syntypes: Lost].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Mahaoya Distr., Udugala, Laxapathiya, Panadura, Galle Distr., Udugama (Bolton 1977: 96), Gilimale Forest Reserve (Dias and Perera 2011: 72), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 63), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 193), Kalugala Proposed Forest Reserve (Dias and Ruchirani 2014: 88), Namalweva, Ihakuluweva, Pallama, Madurankuliya, Egodayagama (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 6), Sinhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Peiris 2015b: 26), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 36), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Dias and Udayakantha 2016b: 5), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 73); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 268), Sri Lanka (Mathew 2003: 201), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16).

Tetramorium curvispinosum Mayr, 1897

Tetramorium curvispinosum Mayr, 1897: 430. TL: Kalawewa: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: HNHM]. [Images of CASENT 0916589 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Kalawewa (Mayr 1897: 431), Kalawewa (Forel 1903a: 702), Kandy (Bolton 1977: 122); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 177), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Kandy, Kalawewa: CASENT 0280895, CASENT 0916589 (AntWeb 2020).

Tetramorium indicum Forel, 1913

Tetramorium guineense var. indica Forel, 1913a: 81. TL: [Poona] Pune: India [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0909109 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ratnapura, Colombo, Yakkala (Bolton 1977: 99); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18).

Tetramorium insolens (Smith F, 1861)

Myrmica insolens Smith F, 1861: 47. TL: Sulawesi, Manado, Sulawesi Utara: Indonesia [Holotype: OUMNH]. [Images of CASENT 0235208 holotype queen examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ratnapura (Bolton 1977: 100); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18) (Hita Garcia and Fisher 2011: 22).

Tetramorium lanuginosum Mayr, 1870

Tetramorium lanuginosum Mayr, 1870: 976. TL: Java, Batavia: Indonesia [Holotype: NHMW]. [Images of FOCOL 2063 holotype queen examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Kandy (Emery 1893a: 248), Kandy (Forel 1903a: 704), Ceylon (Forel 1908: 2), Polonnaruwa (Bolton 1976: 351), South Sri Lanka (Way and Bolton 1997: 442); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1901b: 10), Ceylon (Viehmeyer 1912: 21), Ceylon (Menozzi 1934: 162), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 179), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 298), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2003: 491), Sri Lanka (Ghosh et al. 2006: 389), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 273), Sri Lanka (Wetterer 2010: 84).

Tetramorium mayri (Forel, 1912)

Rhoptromyrmex mayri Forel, 1912c: 57. TL: [Poona] Pune: India [Syntypes: MHNG NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0901034, CASENT 0909199 syntype queens examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Colombo (Forel 1912c: 58).

Tetramorium obesum André, 1887

Tetramorium obesum André, 1887: 294. TL: Gingi: India [Syntypes: MCZ, MNHN].

Distribution. Dry Zone; AntWeb records: Lunugamvehera, near Wirawila: CASENT 0280874 (AntWeb 2020).

Tetramorium pacificum Mayr, 1870

Tetramorium pacificum Mayr, 1870: 976. TL: Tonga [Syntype: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0904848 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Kandy, Colombo (Emery 1893a: 246), Kandy, Colombo (Forel 1903a: 702), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 394), Peradeniya, Seenigoda (Forel 1911a: 223), Colombo, Laxapathiya, Yakkala, Dehiwala, Peradeniya, Gilimale, Ratnapura, Kandy, Koslanda, Bibile (Bolton 1977: 102), South Sri Lanka (Way and Bolton 1997: 442), Kandy, Colombo (Hita Garcia and Fisher 2011: 24), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 73); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Cheesman and Crawley 1928: 522), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 176), Kandy (Taylor 1987: 79), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2003: 490), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Kandy: CASENT 0904850 (AntWeb 2020).

Tetramorium pilosum Emery, 1893

Tetramorium pilosum Emery, 1893a: 247 TL: Kandy: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0281188 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Kandy (Emery 1893a: 247); Ceylon (Emery 1901: 120), Kandy (Forel 1903a: 702), Kandy (Bolton 1977: 82); Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 73); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 180), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Kandy: CASENT 0280881, CASENT 0281188 (AntWeb 2020).

Tetramorium simillimum (Smith F, 1851)

Myrmica simillima Smith F, 1851: 118. TL: Great Britian: England [Syntypes: Lost].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Peradeniya (Forel 1913a: 81), Yakkala, Peradeniya (Bolton 1977: 132), Peradeniya (Bolton 1980: 320), South Sri Lanka (Way and Bolton 1997: 442); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 177), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 310), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Peradenyia: FOCOL 2100 (AntWeb 2020).

Tetramorium smithi Mayr, 1879

Tetramorium smithi Mayr, 1879: 673. TL: [Calcutta] Kolkata, West Bengal: India [Syntypes: NHMUK, NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0901108, CASENT 0919654 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Boragas, Nuwara Eliya (Bolton 1977: 90), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 63), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 194), Ihakuluweva, Pallama, Madurankuliya, Egodayagama (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 6), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 36), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Dias and Udayakantha 2016b: 5), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 73); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Yamane et al. 1999), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 273), Sri Lanka (Le et al. 2010: 9), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16), Sri Lanka (Terayama et al. 2014).

Tetramorium tonganum Mayr, 1870

Tetramorium tonganum Mayr, 1870: 976. TL: [Tongatabu] Tongatapu: Tonga [Syntype: NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0916043 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 225); Peradeniya (Bolton 1977: 129); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 176), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18); AntWeb records: Peradeniya: CASENT 0909171 (AntWeb 2020).

Tetramorium tortuosum Roger, 1863

Tetramorium tortuosum Roger, 1863: 181. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: ZMHB?].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1863: 181), Kandy (Emery 1893a: 246), Kandy (Forel 1903a: 702), Ceylon (Forel 1911a: 225), Nuwara Eliya, Hakgala (Bolton 1977: 84), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 63), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 195), Ihakuluweva (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 6), Anuradhapura, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 36), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 73); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Forel 1904b: 175), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 180), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 6), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 310), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2003: 490), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Nuwara Eliya: CASENT 0280879, CASENT 0909193 (AntWeb 2020).

Tetramorium transversarium Roger, 1863

Tetramorium transversarium Roger, 1863: 181. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: ZMHB (lost)].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1863: 182), Nuwara Eliya (Emery 1893a: 246), Hakgala (Bolton 1977: 115); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 702), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 178), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16).

Tetramorium walshi (Forel, 1890)

Triglyphothrix walshi Forel, 1890: cvii. TL: [Bengalen (Pooree)], Bay of Bengal, Puri: India [Syntypes: MHNG, ZMHB]. [Images of CASENT 0909098, FOCOL 2061, 2062 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Nawalapitiya (Emery 1893a: 248), Nawalapitiya (Forel 1903a: 704), Colombo, Gilimale, Nuwara Eliya (Bolton 1976: 359), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 63), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 195), Marawila, Madurankuliya (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 6), Mawathagama, Kurunegala (Dias and Peiris 2015b: 26), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 36), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Dias and Udayakantha 2016b: 5), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 73); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 179), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 6), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 299), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 273), Sri Lanka (Tak et al. 2007: 129), Sri Lanka (Sheela 2008a: 44), Sri Lanka (Tak 2008: 31), Sri Lanka (Tak and Kazmi 2011: 45), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 16); AntWeb records: Waikkal, Ranweli: CASENT 0280877 (AntWeb 2020).

Tetramorium yerburyi Forel, 1902

Tetramorium pilosum r. yerburyi Forel, 1902b: 238. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0909188 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1902b: 239), Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 703), Kandy (Bolton 1977: 85); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0280880, CASENT 0909188 (AntWeb 2020).

Trichomyrmex: 8 species/subspecies

Trichomyrmex aberrans (Forel, 1902)

Monomorium aberrans Forel, 1902b: 209. TL: Pachmarhi, Madhya Pradesh: India [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0908722 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0914156 (Antweb 2020).

Trichomyrmex criniceps (Mayr, 1879)

Holcomyrmex criniceps Mayr, 1879: 672. TL: [Tranquebar] Tharangambadi; Madras, Tamil Nadu: India [Syntypes: NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0916013, 0916014 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 693), Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 221), Maha Iluppalama (Forel 1913a: 55), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 62), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 36); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 181), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 163), Ceylon (Ettershank 1966: 92), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 3), Ceylon (Radchenko 1997: 218), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 56), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Tak and Rathore 2004a: 179), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 177), Sri Lanka (Tak 2008: 21), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0908757 (AntWeb 2020).

Trichomyrmex destructor (Jerdon, 1851)

Atta destructor Jerdon, 1851: 105. TL: Malabar, Kerala: India [Type: UNK].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Colombo (Emery 1893a: 243), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 117), Colombo (Forel 1907a: 19), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 394), Ceylon (Forel 1911a: 221), Ceylon (Forel 1913a: 53), Colombo, Peradenya, Maha-Oyo (Bolton 1987: 325), South Sri Lanka (Way and Bolton 1997: 442), Kelaniya (Dias 2006a: 45), Sri Lanka (Heterick 2006: 96), Dambulla (Dias and Kosgamage 2008: 115), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 81), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2012: 84), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 62), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 176), Namalweva, Ihakuluweva, Marawila, Madurankuliya, Egodayagama (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 6), Sinhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Peiris 2015b: 26), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 36); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 166), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Tak and Rathore 2004a: 178), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0010944, 0010945 (AntWeb 2020).

Trichomyrmex emeryi laevior (Mayr, 1897)

Monomorium emeryi laevior Mayr, 1897: 427. TL: Kalawewa: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: NHMW?].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Kalawewa (Mayr 1897: 427), Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 687); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 176), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 166), Ceylon (Ettershank 1966: 90).

Trichomyrmex glaber (André, 1883)

Holcomyrmex glaber André, 1883: 345. TL: India [Syntype: MNHN]. [Images of CASENT 0915415 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 692), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 394), Maha Iluppalama (Forel 1913a: 55); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Donisthorpe 1942b: 455), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 163), Sri Lanka (Radchenko 1997: 221), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 57), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Tak and Rathore 2004a: 180), Sri Lanka (Tak and Rathore 2004b: 87), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 178), Sri Lanka (Tak 2008: 22).

Trichomyrmex mayri (Forel, 1902)

Monomorium gracillimum var. mayri Forel, 1902b: 209. TL: [Kelas Lake, Bombay] Mumbai: India [Lectotype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0249904 lectotype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Peradenya (Bolton 1987: 326); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Tak and Rathore 2004b: 88), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Tak 2008: 24), Sri Lanka (Tak 2010: 139), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15).

Trichomyrmex rogeri Mayr, 1865

Trichomyrmex rogeri Mayr, 1865: 19. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0916015, 0916016 syntype queens examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Mayr 1865: 19), Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 699); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 186), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 169), Ceylon (Ettershank 1966: 91), Sri Lanka (Radchenko 1997: 222), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 51), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 15); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0916015, 0916016 (AntWeb 2020).

Trichomyrmex wroughtoni Forel, 1911

Trichomyrmex wroughtoni Forel, 1911b: 453. TL: [Kanara], Karnataka: India [Syntypes: MHNG, NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0902224, CASENT 0908721 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Sri Lanka (Radchenko 1997: 222).

Tyrannomyrmex: 1 species

Tyrannomyrmex legatus Alpert, 2013

Tyrannomyrmex legatus Alpert, 2013: 287. TL: Sinharaja Forest Reserve: Sri Lanka [Holotype: MCZ]. [Images of CASENT 0106177 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Alpert 2013: 287), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 196), Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 37); AntWeb records: Sinharaja Forest Reserve: CASENT 0106177 (AntWeb 2020).

Vollenhovia: 1 species

Vollenhovia escherichi Forel, 1911

Vollenhovia escherichi Forel, 1911e: 198. TL: Peradenyia [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0908656 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Peradenyia (Forel 1911e: 198); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1922: 164), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 170), Ceylon (Ettershank 1966: 149), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17); AntWeb records: Peradenyia: CASENT 0908656 (AntWeb 2020).

PONERINAE

Anochetus: 8 species

Anochetus consultans (Walker, 1859)

Formica consultans Walker, 1859: 373. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0902446 holotype queen examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Walker 1859: 373), Sri Lanka (Brown 1978: 556); Secondary literature records: Emery 1925: 271 (Ceylon), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0902446 (AntWeb 2020).

Anochetus graeffei Mayr, 1870

Anochetus graeffei Mayr, 1870: 961. TL: Samoa: Upolu Island [Lectotype: NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0915887 lectoype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 109), Paradeniya, Lady Black Drive (Forel 1911a: 215), Mihintale, Sinhapura (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 63), Ambagaswewa (Shattuck and Slipinska 2012: 2), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 219), Egodayagama (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 6), Sinhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Peiris 2015b: 26), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 37); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 41), Sri Lanka (Ali 1991: 2), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Sheela 2008a: 44), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17); AntWeb records: North Central: Ambagaswewa: ANIC 32-015987 (AntWeb 2020).

Anochetus longifossatus Mayr, 1897

Anochetus longifossatus Mayr, 1897: 425. TL: Kalawewa: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: MHNG, NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0907405, CASENT 0915889 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Kalawewa (Mayr 1897: 427), Kalawewa (Forel 1900a: 61), Peradeniya (Forel 1913a: 18), Kandy (Brown 1978: 593), Mihintale Forest, Pulliyarahandiya (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 63), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 220), Wilpita “Aranya Kele” (Dias and Ruchirani 2014: 88), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 37); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 109), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 40), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17); AntWeb records: Ambagaswewa, Peradeniya, Bandarawela, Kandy, Kalawewa: ANIC 32-016936, 32-016937, CASENT 0281880, CASENT 0902444, CASENT 0907405, CASENT 0915889, FOCOL 1044 (AntWeb 2020) .

Anochetus madaraszi Mayr, 1897

Anochetus madaraszi Mayr, 1897: 424. TL: Kalawewa: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0915892, 0915893 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Kalawewa (Mayr 1897: 425), Kalawewa (Forel 1900a: 61), Sri Lanka (Brown 1978: 557); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 109), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 40), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 232), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17).

Anochetus nietneri (Roger, 1861)

Odontomachus nietneri Roger, 1861: 23. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: ZMHB].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1861: 24), Ceylon (Forel 1900a: 60), Sri Lanka (Brown 1978: 558), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 37); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 109), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 40), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17); AntWeb records: Peradeniya, Kandy: ANIC 32-016952–6954 (AntWeb 2020).

Anochetus obscurior Brown, 1978

Anochetus obscurior Brown, 1978: 558. TL: Madras: India [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907407 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; AntWeb records: Colombo: CASENT 0281883 (AntWeb 2020).

Anochetus pangens (Walker, 1859)

Formica pangens Walker, 1859: 371. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0902445 holotype male examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Walker 1859: 371), Sri Lanka (Brown 1978: 558); Secondary literature records: Emery 1925: 271 (Ceylon), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 200), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0902445 (AntWeb 2020).

Anochetus yerburyi Forel, 1900

Anochetus yerburyi Forel, 1900a: 62. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907416 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1900a: 63), Sri Lanka (Brown 1978: 559); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 110), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 42), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52) , Sri Lanka (Tak 2008: 13), Sri Lanka (Tak 2010: 136), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0907416 (AntWeb 2020).

Bothroponera: 3 species

Bothroponera rubiginosa (Emery, 1889)

Ponera rubiginosa Emery, 1889: 498. TL: Tenasserim Moulmein: Myanmar [Syntype: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0903896 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18), Sinhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 64).

Bothroponera sulcata (Mayr, 1867)

Ponera sulcata Mayr, 1867: 441. TL: India [Syntype: NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0915674 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 83), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2012: 86); Secondary literature records: Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18).

Bothroponera tesseronoda (Emery, 1877)

Ponera tesseronoda Emery, 1877a: 368. TL: [Calcutta] Kolkata, West Bengal: India [Syntype: NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0915675 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Kandy (Emery 1893a: 242), Ceylon (Forel 1900b: 325), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 113), Up country (Forel 1908: 1), Dividosgala, Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 216), Haputale, Maha Iluppalama (Forel 1913a: 7), Anuradhapura (Maschwitz et al. 1974: 113), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 64), Kirikanda Forest (Dias et al. 2013: 64), Namalweva, Ihakuluweva, Marawila, Pallama, Madurankuliya (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 6), Meethirigala Forest Reserve (Dias and Udayakantha 2016a: 53); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 78), Ceylon (Bingham 1903: 98), Ceylon (Donisthorpe 1942b: 449), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 51), Sri Lanka (Ali 1991: 5), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 28), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 234), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 187), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18).

Brachyponera: 3 species

Brachyponera jerdonii (Forel, 1900)

Ponera jerdonii Forel, 1900b: 327. TL: Assam; Kerala: Calicut; Maharashtra: Pune; West Bengal: Kolkata, Barrackpore: India [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907282 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 83), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 73).

Brachyponera luteipes (Mayr, 1862)

Ponera luteipes Mayr, 1862: 722. TL: Andaman and Nicobar Islands: Nicobar Islands [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0915672 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Kandy (Emery 1893a: 242), Ceylon (Forel 1900b: 326), Galle (Forel 1908: 1), Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 216), Dompe (Forel 1913a: 8), Peradeniya (Karavaiev 1925a: 125), Peradeniya (Karavaiev 1926: 415), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 233), Kuluna Kanda Proposed Forest Reserve (Dias and Ruchirani 2014: 88), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 73); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 84), Ceylon (Wheeler 1921: 530), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 63), Sri Lanka (Ali 1991: 4), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 31), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 237), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 287), Sri Lanka (Mathew 2003: 198), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Ghosh et al. 2006: 376), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 263), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18).

Brachyponera obscurans (Walker, 1859)

Formica obscurans Walker, 1859: 372. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0902498 holotype queen examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Walker 1859: 372); Secondary literature records: Emery 1925: 271 (Ceylon), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 200), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 263); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0902498 (AntWeb 2020).

Centromyrmex: 2 species/subspecies

Centromyrmex feae (Emery, 1889)

Spalacomyrmex feae Emery, 1889: 491. TL: Bhamò, Palon, [Pegù] Bago: [Birmania] Myanmar [Syntypes: MSNG, NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0903860, CASENT 0915651 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Kandy (Emery 1893a: 240), Kandy (Karavaiev 1925b: 81), Kandy (Karavaiev 1926: 415), Gilimale Forest Reserve (Dias and Perera 2011: 72), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 222), Ihakuluweva (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 6), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Polonnaruwa, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 37); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 52), Sri Lanka (Ali 1991: 2), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 280), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 265).

Centromyrmex feae ceylonicus Forel, 1900

Centromyrmex feae var. ceylonicus Forel, 1900b: 303. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907210 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1900b: 303), Galle, Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 215), Negombo (Forel 1913b: 660); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 58), Ceylon (Forel 1913a: 125), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 52); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0752148, CASENT 0907210 (AntWeb 2020).

Cryptopone: 1 species

Cryptopone testacea Emery, 1893

Cryptopone testacea Emery, 1893b: cclxxv. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MSNG?].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Nawalapitya (Emery 1893a: 241), Ceylon (Emery 1893b: cclxxv), Nawalapitya (Forel 1900b: 328), Nawalapitya (Wilson 1958a: 360), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 83), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2012: 85); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 88), Nawalapitya (Wheeler 1933: 6), Ceylon (Donisthorpe 1942b: 451), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 53), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17).

Diacamma: 6 species/subspecies

Diacamma ceylonense Emery, 1897

Diacamma ceylonense Emery, 1897b: 159. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0903871 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1897b: 159), Kelaniya, Gampaha (Dias 2006a: 46), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 227), Marawila, Pallama (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 6), Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 37); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Bingham 1903: 79), Ceylon (Emery 1911: 66), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 57), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0903871 (AntWeb 2020).

Diacamma cyaneiventre André, 1887

Diacamma cyaneiventre André, 1887: 293. TL: Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu: India [Syntype: MNHN]. [Images of CASENT 0913724 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Bingham 1903: 78); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 65), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 54), Sri Lanka (Ali 1991: 2), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 26), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 185).

Diacamma indicum Santschi, 1920

Diacamma rugosum var. indica Santschi, 1920: 179. TL: Kyd Island, Süd Andaman: India [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907229 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Galle (Forel 1908: 1), Galle (Forel 1911a: 216), Sri Lanka (Viginier et al. 2004: 2096), Kirikanda Forest (Dias et al. 2013: 64), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 225), Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 37); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 59), Sri Lanka (Terayama et al. 2014).

Diacamma rugosum (Le Guillou, 1842)

Ponera rugosa Le Guillou, 1842: 318. TL: Borneo, Sarawak, Malaysia [Syntype: MNHN]. [Images of CASENT 0913723 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Colombo (Emery 1893a: 242), Ceylon (Emery 1897b: 153), Ceylon (Forel 1900b: 319), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 113), Kelaniya, Gampaha (Dias 2006a: 46), Nawalapitiya (Amarasinghe 2010: 12), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 226), Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 37); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 55), Sri Lanka (Azuma and Kinjo 1987), Sri Lanka (Ali 1991: 2), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 25), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 274), Sri Lanka (Tiwari and Tiwari 2002: 152), Sri Lanka (Mathew 2003: 196), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2003: 476), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: FOCOL 0938–0940 (AntWeb 2020).

Diacamma rugosum jerdoni Forel, 1903

Diacamma rugosum var. jerdoni Forel, 1903c: 401. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907222 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1909: 392), Ambalagoda (Forel 1912c: 52), Seenigoda (Forel 1913a: 7); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 66), Ceylon (Donisthorpe 1942b: 449), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 55); AntWeb records: Ceylon: CASENT 0907222 (AntWeb 2020).

Diacamma rugosum sculptum (Jerdon, 1851)

Ponera sculpta Jerdon, 1851: 117. TL: Malabar, Kerala: India [Type: UNK].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1897b: 157), Ceylon (Forel 1900b: 321), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 113); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Bingham 1903: 80), Ceylon (Wheeler 1909: 338), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 56), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 26), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 234), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2003: 477).

Harpegnathos: 3 species/subspecies

Harpegnathos saltator Jerdon, 1851

Harpegnathos saltator Jerdon, 1851: 117. TL: Malabar, Kerala: India [Type: UNK].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Bingham 1903: 51), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 83), Mihintale Forest (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 63), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2012: 85), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 227), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 37); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 59), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 66), Sri Lanka (Ali 1991: 3), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 21), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 185), Sri Lanka (Sheela 2008a: 47), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17).

Harpegnathos saltator cruentatus (Smith F, 1858)

Drepanognathus cruentatus Smith F, 1858: 82. TL: Hong Kong: China [Holotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0900659 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1900a: 65); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Donisthorpe 1937: 198).

Harpegnathos saltator taprobanae Forel, 1909

Harpegnathos cruentatus var. taprobanae Forel, 1909: 392. TL: Dambulla: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907213 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Dambulla (Forel 1909: 392); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 59), Dambulla (Donisthorpe 1937: 198), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 67); AntWeb records: Dambulla: CASENT 0907213 (AntWeb 2020).

Hypoponera: 8 species

Hypoponera aitkenii (Forel, 1900)

Ponera confinis var. aitkenii Forel, 1900b: 325. TL: [Kanara], Karnataka: India [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907305 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Puwakpitiya (Forel 1908: 1), Peradeniya (Forel 1913a: 11); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 69).

Hypoponera bugnioni (Forel, 1912)

Ponera bugnioni Forel, 1912c: 52. TL: Ambalagoda: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907301 syntype queen examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ambalagoda (Forel 1912c: 53); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0907301 (AntWeb 2020).

Hypoponera ceylonensis (Mayr, 1897)

Ponera ceylonensis Mayr, 1897: 422. TL: Kalawewa: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: HNHM]. [Images of CASENT 0922435 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Dry Zone; Primary literature records: Kalawewa (Mayr 1897: 422), Ceylon (Forel 1900b: 325); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 90), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 68), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17); AntWeb records: Kalawewa: CASENT 0922435 (AntWeb 2020).

Hypoponera confinis (Roger, 1860)

Ponera confinis Roger, 1860: 284. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: ZMHB?].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1860: 284), Kandy (Forel 1900b: 327), Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 215), Peradeniya (Forel 1913a: 11), Kalugala Proposed Forest Reserve, Kuluna Kanda Proposed Forest Reserve, Wilpita “Aranya Kele” (Dias and Ruchirani 2014: 88), Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 37), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 73); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1895b: 295), Ceylon (Emery 1911: 90), Ceylon (Viehmeyer 1912: 18), Ceylon (Wheeler 1935: 12), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 69), Ceylon (Wilson 1958a: 328), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 29), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 243), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 267), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17).

Hypoponera punctatissima (Roger, 1859)

Ponera punctatissima Roger, 1859: 246. TL: [Rauden, Berlin], Rudy: Poland [Paralectotypes: DEIC, MNHN, ZMHB]. [Images of CASENT 0915490, FOCOL 0360, FOCOL 0981, 0982 paralectotype workers and queen examined].

Distribution. Sri Lanka (Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard).

Hypoponera ragusai (Emery, 1894)

Ponera ragusai Emery, 1894: 28. TL: Sicily: Italy [Syntype: MSNG].

Distribution. Wet and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Matale (Emery 1893a: 242), Matale (Forel 1900b: 327), Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 215); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 91), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 69), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 267), Sri Lanka (Bolton and Fisher 2011: 94).

Hypoponera taprobanae (Forel, 1913)

Ponera taprobanae Forel, 1913a: 11. TL: Peradeniya: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: ZMHB]. [Images of FOCOL 0992 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Peradeniya (Forel 1913a: 11); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 73), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17); AntWeb records: Peradeniya: FOCOL 0992 (AntWeb 2020).

Hypoponera wroughtonii (Forel, 1900)

Ponera confinis var. wroughtonii Forel, 1900b: 325. TL: [Kanara], Karnataka: India [Syntypes: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907308 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 215), Ceylon (Forel 1913a: 11).

Leptogenys: 11 species/subspecies

Leptogenys chinensis (Mayr, 1870)

Lobopelta chinensis Mayr, 1870: 965. TL: China [Syntype: NHMW]. [Images of CASENT 0915873 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Kandy (Emery 1893a: 242), Ceylon (Forel 1900b: 313), Anuradhapura (Emery 1901: 113), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 393), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 74); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 103), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 33), Sri Lanka (Ali 1991: 3), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 239), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Tiwari and Tiwari 2002: 153), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 268), Sri Lanka (Sheela 2008a: 48), Sri Lanka (Zhou et al. 2012: 887), Sri Lanka (Xu and He 2015: 159).

Leptogenys diminuta (Smith F, 1857)

Ponera diminuta Smith F, 1857: 69. TL: Sarawak: Malaysia [Syntype: OUMNH]. [Images of CASENT 0901351 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1900b: 307); Bandarawela (Forel 1913b: 661), Kandy (Wilson 1958b: 120); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 103), Ceylon (Forel 1912c: 52), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 33), Sri Lanka (Taylor 1988: 34), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 239), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 268), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18), Sri Lanka (Zhou et al. 2012: 888), Sri Lanka (Xu and He 2015: 138); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0907370 (AntWeb 2020).

Leptogenys diminuta laeviceps (Smith F, 1857)

Ponera laeviceps Smith F, 1857: 69. TL: Sarawak: Malaysia [Syntype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0902613 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Kandy (Emery 1893a: 243), Bandarawela (Forel 1908: 2), Galle (Forel 1911a: 216).

Leptogenys exundans (Walker, 1859)

Formica exundans Walker, 1859: 371. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0902621 syntype male examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Walker 1859: 371); Secondary literature records: Emery 1925: 271 (Ceylon), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 199), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0902621 (AntWeb 2020).

Leptogenys falcigera Roger, 1861

Leptogenys falcigera Roger, 1861: 42. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: ZMHB]. [Images of CASENT 0104059 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1861: 42), Ceylon (Forel 1900b: 309), Peradeniya (Bolton 1975: 253); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 99), Ceylon (Wheeler 1922: 1010), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 31), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18), Sri Lanka (Rakotonirina and Fisher 2014: 109), Sri Lanka (Xu and He 2015: 138); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0104059 (AntWeb 2020).

Leptogenys hysterica Forel, 1900

Leptogenys hysterica Forel, 1900b: 311. TL: Belgaum: India [Syntype: NHMB]. [Images of CASENT 0915229 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1900b: 311); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 104), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 35), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Jaitrong and Nabhitabhata 2005: 25), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17), Sri Lanka (Xu and He 2015: 156).

Leptogenys meritans (Walker, 1859)

Formica meritans Walker, 1859: 371. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Holotype: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0902608 holotype male examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Walker 1859: 371); Secondary literature records: Emery 1925: 271 (Ceylon), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 200), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 18), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0902608 (AntWeb 2020).

Leptogenys peuqueti (André, 1887)

Lobopelta peuqueti André, 1887: 292. TL: Annam, Hué: Vietnam [Syntypes: MHNG, MNHN]. [Images of CASENT 0907380, CASENT 0915465 syntype workers examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Kandy (Emery 1893a: 243), Ceylon (Forel 1900b: 314), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 113), Colombo (Forel 1907a: 7), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 393), Thulana (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 64), Kirikanda Forest (Dias et al. 2013: 64), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 230), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Polonnaruwa, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 37); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 104), Ceylon (Wheeler and Chapman 1925: 69), Ceylon (Menozzi 1932: 4), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 38), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 280), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 268), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18), Sri Lanka (Zhou et al. 2012: 887), Sri Lanka (Xu and He 2015: 160).

Leptogenys processionalis (Jerdon, 1851)

Ponera processionalis Jerdon, 1851: 118. TL: Malabar, Kerala: India [Type: UNK].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1861: 14), Kandy (Emery 1893a: 243), Ceylon (Forel 1900b: 309), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 113), Puwakpitiya, Pattipola (Forel 1908: 1), Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 216), Maha Iluppalama (Forel 1913a: 16), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2012: 86), Kirikanda Forest (Dias et al. 2013: 64), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 63), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 231), Kalugala Proposed Forest Reserve (Dias and Ruchirani 2014: 88), Namalweva (Dias and Peiris 2015a: 6), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 37); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 104), Ceylon (Donisthorpe 1942b: 452), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 38), Sri Lanka (Ali 1991: 4), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 22), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 241), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Tiwari and Tiwari 2002: 153), Sri Lanka (Tak and Rathore 2004a: 164), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Sheela 2008a: 49), Sri Lanka (Tak 2008: 13), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17), Sri Lanka (Xu and He 2015: 142).

Leptogenys pruinosa Forel, 1900

Leptogenys pruinosa Forel, 1900b: 304. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907337 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1900b: 304), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 64), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 231), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 37); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 99), Ceylon (Wheeler and Chapman 1925: 69), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 31), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17), Sri Lanka (Xu and He 2015: 142); AntWeb records: Karataivu Island: CASENT 0281920, CASENT 0907337 (AntWeb 2020).

Leptogenys yerburyi Forel, 1900

Leptogenys yerburyi Forel, 1900b: 311. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907384 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1900b: 311), Dividsogala, Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 216); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 105), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 17), Ceylon (Xu and He 2015: 142); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0907384 (AntWeb 2020).

Mesoponera: 1 species

Mesoponera melanaria (Emery, 1893)

Ponera melanaria Emery, 1893d: 260. TL: Colombo: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka; Nadungayam, Malabar: India [Syntype: MSNG, NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0903930, CASENT 0902489 syntype worker and male examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Colombo (Emery 1893a: 242), Ceylon (Emery 1893d: 260), Ceylon (Forel 1900b: 326), Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 216), Peradeniya (Forel 1913a: 8), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 83), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2012: 86), Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 37), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Dias and Udayakantha 2016b: 5), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 74); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 81), Ceylon (Wheeler 1922: 1008), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 64), Sri Lanka (Ali 1991: 4), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 31), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19); AntWeb records: Colombo: CASENT 0903930 (AntWeb 2020).

Myopias: 1 species

Myopias amblyops Roger, 1861

Myopias amblyops Roger, 1861: 39. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: ZMHB]. [Images of CASENT 0104584 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Roger 1861: 40) (Forel 1900b: 328), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 83); Secondary literature records: Ceylon Ceylon (Emery 1911: 94), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 67), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18), Sri Lanka (Xu et al. 2014: 165); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0104584 (AntWeb 2020).

Odontomachus: 1 species

Odontomachus simillimus Smith F, 1858

Odontomachus simillimus Smith F, 1858: 80. TL: Oceania, Navai: Fiji; [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0900649, CASENT 0900650 syntype queens examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Smith, F. 1858: 80), Peradeniya (Forel 1913a: 19), Kandy (Karavaiev 1925c: 295), Kandy (Karavaiev 1926: 417), Kelaniya, Gampaha (Dias 2006a: 46), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 83), Gilimale Forest Reserve (Dias and Perera 2011: 72), Sri Lanka (Sorger and Zettel 2011: 160), Kirikanda Forest (Dias et al. 2013: 64), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 234), Kalugala Proposed Forest Reserve, Kuluna Kanda Proposed Forest Reserve, Wilpita “Aranya Kele” (Dias and Ruchirani 2014: 88), Campus of University Peradeniya, Kandy, Ratnapura, Pilikuttuwa (Satria et al. 2015: 6), Meethirigala Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2015: 31), Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 37), Meethirigala Forest Reserve (Dias and Udayakantha 2016a: 53), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Dias and Udayakantha 2016b: 5), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 74); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 46), Sri Lanka (Ali 1991: 4), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18); AntWeb records: Peradenyia, Colombo: CASENT 0900650, ANIC 32-031797, 32-031798, FOCOL 1049–1051 (AntWeb 2020).

Parvaponera: 1 species

Parvaponera darwinii (Forel, 1893)

Belonopelta darwinii Forel, 1893c: 460. TL: Port Darwin, Northern Territory: Australia [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907290 syntype queen examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1901: 113), Ambalangoda (Forel 1909: 393); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Bingham 1903: 93), Ceylon (Wheeler 1922: 1009), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 65), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 30), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19); AntWeb records: Dambuwa: CASENT 0810341, CASENT 0810343, CASENT 0810345, 0810346, CASENT 0810350, 0810351 (AntWeb 2020).

Platythyrea: 2 species

Platythyrea clypeata Forel, 1911

Platythyrea clypeata Forel, 1911d: 378. TL: Pays de Moïs (the Cochin Chine Francaise): Vietnam [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907112 syntype queen examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Donisthorpe 1931: 496), Ceylon (Brown 1975: 10); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 49), Sri Lanka (Xu and Zeng 2000: 214), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18); AntWeb records: Sri Lanka: CASENT 0900568 (AntWeb 2020).

Platythyrea parallela (Smith F, 1859)

Ponera parallela Smith F, 1859: 143. TL: Aru I.: Indonesia [Holotype: OUMNH]. [Images of CASENT 0102936 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1909: 393), Ceylon (Donisthorpe 1941: 203), Yakkala (Brown 1975: 49), Pohoranwewa, Dambulla (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 64), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 235), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Polonnaruwa, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 37); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 47), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18); AntWeb records: Yakkala: CASENT 0900570, CASENT 0915904, ANIC 32-065987 (AntWeb 2020).

Pseudoneoponera: 3 species/subspecies

Pseudoneoponera insularis (Emery, 1889)

Bothroponera insularis Emery, 1889: 495. TL: Java, Ardjoeno: Indonesia [Syntype: MSNG]. [Images of CASENT 0903889 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 713); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 50).

Pseudoneoponera rufipes (Jerdon, 1851)

Ponera rufipes Jerdon, 1851: 119. TL: Malabar, Kerala: India [Type: UNK].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1900b: 326), Kandy (Bingham 1903: 97), Puwakpitiya (Forel 1908: 1), Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 216), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 83), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2012: 86), Kuluna Kanda Proposed Forest Reserve (Dias and Ruchirani 2014: 88), Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 37), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Dias and Udayakantha 2016b: 5), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 74); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 76), Ceylon (Wheeler 1921: 529), Kandy (Mukherji and Ribeiro 1925: 206), Sri Lanka (Ali 1991: 5), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 28), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 233), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 19), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 288), Sri Lanka (Tiwari and Tiwari 2002: 153), Sri Lanka (Mathew 2003: 199), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2003: 478), Sri Lanka (Ghosh et al. 2006: 377), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 269), Sri Lanka (Sheela 2008a: 51).

Pseudoneoponera rufipes ceylonensis (Forel, 1911)

Pachycondyla rufipes subsp. ceylonensis Forel, 1911a: 216. TL: Peradenyia: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntype: MHNG]. [Images of CASENT 0907254 syntype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1911: 77), Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 216); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 50); AntWeb records: Peradenyia: CASENT 0907254 (AntWeb 2020).

PROCERATIINAE

Discothyrea: 1 species

Discothyrea sp.

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2008: 75), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2012: 85), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Gunawardene et al. 2010: 558).

PSEUDOMYRMECINAE

Tetraponera: 4 species

Tetraponera allaborans (Walker, 1859)

Pseudomyrma allaborans Walker, 1859: 375. TL: [Ceylon] Sri Lanka [Syntypes: NHMUK]. [Images of CASENT 0902822, 0902823 syntype worker and queen examined].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Walker 1859: 375), Kandy, Colombo (Emery 1893a: 243), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 113), Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 710), Galle (Forel 1908: 3), Ambalangoda, Colombo (Forel 1909: 395), Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 226), Montagnes de Nuwara Eliya, Kandy, Udawattakele, Peradeniya, Lunuwila, Ambalantota, Galle, Uva, Bibile, Uva Egodapitiya Nilgala, Labugama, Colombo, Laxapathiya, Yakkala (Ward 2001: 602) , Ratnapura (Dias 2006a: 46), Dambulla (Dias and Kosgamage 2008: 115), Gilimale Forest Reserve (Dias and Perera 2011: 73), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 64), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 249), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 37), Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve (Udayakantha and Dias 2018: 74); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Viehmeyer 1912: 19), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 78), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 1), Ceylon (Radchenko 1993: 76), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 34), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 247), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 294), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Tiwari and Tiwari 2002: 154), Sri Lanka (Mathew 2003: 199), Sri Lanka (Jaitrong and Nabhitabhata 2005: 44), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 273), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 188), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18); AntWeb records: Egodapitiya, Nilgala, Colombo, Kandy, Laxapathiya, Yakkala, Ambalangoda: CASENT 0902822, 0902823, CASENT 0103238, CASENT 0752591, CASENT 0761602, 0761603, 0761604, CASENT 0795865, 0795866, 0795867, CASENT 0795958, 0795959, CASENT 0907456, SAM-HYM-C 006004 (AntWeb 2020).

Tetraponera nigra (Jerdon, 1851)

Eciton nigrum Jerdon, 1851: 112. TL: Malabar, Kerala: India [Type: UNK].

Distribution. Wet and Dry Zones; Primary literature records: Kandy (Emery 1893a: 243), Ceylon (Emery 1901: 113), Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 709), Ceylon (Forel 1908: 3), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 394), Peradeniya (Forel 1911a: 226), Ceylon (Forel 1913a: 27), Dambulla, Kandy, Peradeniya, Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa, Mahaoya, Ruhunu Natl Pk, Yala, Uva, Bibile, Egodapitiya Nilgala, Padukka Group Estate, Yakkala (Ward 2001: 635), Mihintale Forest (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 64), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 252), Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 37); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Donisthorpe 1942b: 454), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 80), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 1), Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 35), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 348), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2003: 481), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006a: 52), Sri Lanka (Li-Zhong 2006: 273), Sri Lanka (Sheela 2008a: 52), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18); AntWeb records: Egodapitiya, Padukka, Peradeniya, Yala, Yakkala, Kandy, Hatton, Puttalam: CASENT 0752658, 0752659, CASENT 0761626, CASENT 0796287–0796291, CASENT 0796626, CASENT 0902830, CASENT 0904036, FOCOL 0320–0323 (AntWeb 2020).

Tetraponera nitida (Smith F, 1860)

Pseudomyrma nitida Smith F, 1860: 106a. TL: [Bac.] Bacan, Maluku Utara: Indonesia [Holotype: OUMNH]. [Images of CASENT 0901931 holotype worker examined].

Distribution. Wet Zone; Primary literature records: Kandy, Dehiwala, Yakkala (Ward 2001: 637); AntWeb records: Yakkala: CASENT 0796301 (AntWeb 2020).

Tetraponera rufonigra (Jerdon, 1851)

Eciton rufonigrum Jerdon, 1851: 111. TL: Malabar, Kerala: India [Type: UNK].

Distribution. Wet, Dry and Intermediate Zones; Primary literature records: Ceylon (Emery 1901: 113), Ceylon (Forel 1909: 394), Ceylon (Forel 1912d: 83), eastern Sri Lanka, Pushparanghnam Estate, Sri Lanka Cashew Corporation-West, western Sri Lanka (Rickson and Rickson 1998: 843), Kandalama, Nalanda, Anuradhapura, Medirigiriya, nr Polonnaruwa, Mihintale, Polonnaruwa, Jaffna, Kantale, Moneragala, Mahaoya Dist., Paraiyanalankulam, Medawachchiya, Kadaimparu, Lunuwila, Sabaragamuwa, Uggalkaltota, Lunuwila, Walawe Ganga, Ratnapura, Hambantota, Hikkaduwa Yala, Ruhuna Natl Pk, Palatupana, Uva, Dunhinda Falls, Uda Walawe, Beruwala, Bentota (Ward 2001: 649), Kelaniya, Colombo, Ratnapura, Galle (Dias 2006a: 46), Dambulla (Dias and Kosgamage 2008: 115), Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (Dias and Kosgamage 2012: 64), Sri Lanka (Dias 2014: 254), Anuradhapura, Colombo, Galle, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Polonnaruwa, Puttalam, Ratnapura (Dias and Rajapaksa 2016: 37); Secondary literature records: Ceylon (Forel 1903a: 709), Ceylon (Donisthorpe 1942b: 454), Ceylon (Chapman and Capco 1951: 81), Sri Lanka (Ali 1992: 1); Sri Lanka (Tiwari 1999: 35), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 1999: 248), Sri Lanka (Mathew 2000: 349), Sri Lanka (Mathew and Tiwari 2000: 295), Sri Lanka (Dias 2002: 17), Sri Lanka (Tiwari and Tiwari 2002: 154), Sri Lanka (Mathew 2003: 199), Sri Lanka (Tak and Rathore 2004a: 174), Sri Lanka (Tiwari et al. 2004: 609), Sri Lanka (Dias 2006b: 8), Sri Lanka (Ghosh et al. 2006: 384), Sri Lanka (Rajan et al. 2006: 188), Sri Lanka (Sheela 2008a: 54), Sri Lanka (Tak 2008: 14), Sri Lanka (Tak 2010: 136), Sri Lanka (Tak and Kazmi 2011: 41), Sri Lanka (Dias et al. 2012: 18); AntWeb records: Kandy, Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa, Paraiyanalankulam, Kandalama, Beruwala, Hikkaduwa Yala: CASENT 0761638, CASENT 0796751–0796757, CASENT 0862081, 0862082, CASENT 0907449 (AntWeb 2020).

Acknowledgements

The Financial support from National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka (RG 2003/ZOO/06 and RG 2007/EB/03) is acknowledged. We are grateful to the teams of AntWeb (www.antweb.org), antmaps (www.antmaps.org) and AntWiki (www.antwiki.org) for their immensely useful work. We also thank Brendon E. Boudinot and Steven O. Shattuck for their constructive comments.

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