Research Article
Research Article
A new species of the leafhopper genus Calodia Nielson, 1982 (Hemiptera, Cicadellidae, Coelidiinae) from China, with a key to Chinese species
expand article infoZhihua Fan, Zizhong Li, Xiangsheng Chen
‡ Guizhou University, Guiyang, China
Open Access



This paper describes and illustrates a new Calodia leafhopper species from China (Oriental Region), namely Calodia dentispina Fan, Li & Chen, sp. n. (Cicadellidae: Coelidiinae: Coelidiini) and provides a distribution map for the new species. A key to the Chinese coelidiine genera and species of Calodia is also provided. Leafhopper, morphology, taxonomy, distribution


The Oriental leafhopper genus Calodia (Cicadellidae: Coelidiinae: Coelidiini) was erected by Nielson (1982) based on C. multipectinata as its type species from Malaysia. The genus encompasses 60 known species at present, of which 22 species are found in China (Nielson 1982, 1991, 1996; Li 1989; Zhang 1990, 1994; Li and Wang 1991; Cai and Kuoh 1993; Xu and Kuoh 1999). Recently, we discovered one new Calodia species from China, which is described, illustrated and mapped in the present paper. A key to the Chinese coelidiine genera and species of Calodia is also provided.

Material and methods

The morphological terminology adopted herein follows Nielson (1982). Photos of external morphology were obtained by Keyence VHX-1000 system. Illustrations of male genitalia were drawn using an Olympus CX41 stereomicroscope, then enhanced by Adobe Illustrator CS6. All pictures were labelled and figs composition in Adobe Photoshop CS5. The type specimens are deposited in the Institute of Entomology, Guizhou University, Guiyang, China (GUGC).


Key to tribes and genera of Coelidiinae from China

(modified from Zhang 1994)

1 Ventral side of aedeagus with paraphysis; aedeagus simple, without process, gonopore apical (Thagriini) Thagria Melichar
Ventral side of aedeagus without paraphysis; aedeagus with distinct processes or apically with small teeth, gonopore subapical (Coelidiini) 2
2 Aedeagus without distinct process, only dorsal side of apical portion of shaft with many small teeth or spines Taharana Nielson
Aedeagus with distinct processes, occasionally dorsal side of apical portion of shaft with small teeth 3
3 Apical or subapical part of aedeagal shaft with one distinct process Olidiana McKamey
Apical or subapical part of aedeagal shaft with two or more distinct processes Calodia Nielson

Calodia Nielson

Calodia Nielson 1982: 140

Type species

Calodia multipectinata Nielson, 1982


This genus can be separated from the other Chinese coelidiine genera mainly by the asymmetrical aedeagus without ventral paraphysis and with two or more apical or subapical processes (see key to genera).


Oriental Region.

Key to species (male) of the genus


from China

(modified from Zhang 1994)

1 Pygofer side extended into a long lateral caudodorsal process (Nielson 1982: 174, fig. 560) 2
Pygofer side not extended into a lateral caudodorsal process, posterior margin with a membranous process (Fig. 7) 4
2 Subgenital fig with one apical spine; aedeagal shaft with one row of right lateral spines subapically 3
Subgenital fig without spine apically; aedeagal shaft with one spine-like process near apex and one row of left lateral setae-like spines slightly distad of midlength C. webbi (Nielson)
3 Pygofer side with a long straight sharply pointed caudodorsal process, dorsal margin with one toothed subapical spine; aedeagus with subapical spines widely spaced C. warei Nielson
Pygofer side with a long S-shaped and gradually narrowed caudodorsal process, dorsal margin without subapical spine; aedeagus with subapical spines close together C. yunnanensis Zhang
4 Subgenital fig apex tapered or if not tapered with spines (Nielson 1982: 145 fig. 458; 164 fig. 527) 5
Subgenital fig apex not tapered and without spine (Fig. 8) 12
5 Subgenital fig with subapical spines 6
Subgenital fig without subapical spine 9
6 Aedeagus with two long spines closely appressed to midlength of shaft 7
Aedeagus with row of short spines on each lateral margin, directed laterally 8
7 Forewing with three broad yellowish brown bands and two broad fawn bands transversely C. patricia (Jacobi)
Forewing only with two broad, infuscate transverse bands C. flavinota Cai & Kuoh
8 Pygofer caudoventral margin with a small digitate process C. centata Zhang
Pygofer caudoventral margin without digitate process C. bispinosa Nielson
9 Aedeagus with one apical spine and one or two subapical spines 10
Aedeagus with several uniseriate spines on each lateral margin 11
10 Aedeagus with one apical spine and one subapical spine C. obliquasimilaris Zhang
Aedeagus with one apical spine and two subapical spines C. obliqua Nielson
11 Aedeagal processes long, distinctly separated basally C. spinifera Zhang
Aedeagal processes short, close basally C. setulosa Zhang
12 Aedeagus with many processes, without secondary spine (Nielson 1982: 195 fig. 642) 13
Aedeagus with two processes, with or without secondary spines (Fig. 12) 16
13 Aedeagal shaft constricted and narrowed at midlength, flattened at apical half, spines mostly on dorsal surface 14
Aedeagal shaft narrow throughout, apical half tubular, spines on both lateral margins 15
14 Style constricted at midlength and apex, expanded subapically, not bifurcate C. robusta Nielson
Style base broad, narrowed distally, subapically bifurcate C. bifurcata Xu & Kuoh
15 Aedeagal shaft with two short left lateral spines and four long right lateral spines; gonopore lateral C. barnesi Nielson
Aedeagal shaft with many spines of equal length on each side; gonopore dorsal C. yayeyamae (Matsumura)
16 Aedeagal shaft with two processes without secondary spine (Nielson 1982: 148 fig. 469) 17
Aedeagus with one or two processes with secondary spines (Fig. 12) 18
17 Forewing with a narrow flavous band along costa; both aedeagal processes subapical on shaft C. ostenta (Distant)
Forewing without band along costa; both aedeagal processes at midlength of shaft C. longispina Li & Wang
18 Style much longer than connective (Zhang 1994: 126 fig. 124J) 19
Style slightly shorter than connective (Figs 9, 10) 20
19 Both aedeagal processes at apex of shaft C. apicalis Li
Both aedeagal processes at midlength of shaft C. harpagota Zhang
20 Aedeagal processes arising on same side of shaft (Fig. 11) 21
Aedeagal processes arising on different sides of shaft (Zhang 1994: 122 fig. 120L) 22
21 Pygofer with internal digitate caudoventral processes; aedeagus with lower process about twice as long as upper process (Figs 1113) C. dentispina sp. n.
Pygofer without internal caudoventral process; aedeagus with processes of near equal length C. guttivena (Walker)
22 Pygofer side with one digitate caudoventral process; both aedeagus processes with secondary lateral spines (Zhang 1994: 122 figs 120F, 120L) C. lii Zhang
Pygofer side without caudoventral process; aedeagus with one spine with and one without secondary processes (Nielson 1982: 156 figs 498, 501) C. fusca (Melichar)

Calodia dentispina Fan, Li & Chen, sp. n.

Figs 1–13


Length (including wings in repose): ♂ 8.1–8.5 mm, ♀ unkown.

Crown brown, with a variable red broad band medially, about 1/3rd as wide as midline of crown, ocelli and eyes brown (Figs 1, 4). Face yellow to brown, with a red longitudinal stripe on each lateral margin of clypeus (Figs 3, 6). Pronotum dark brown, with yellow markings (Figs 1, 4). Mesonotum dark brown with yellow spots (Fig. 1) or brown with black spots (Fig. 4). Forewing light brown to brown, with or without yellow patches, venation brown or black (Figs 1, 2, 4, 5).

Head narrower than pronotum; crown longer in middle than next to eyes, length beyond eyes about 1/6th median length, coronal suture extending to level of ocelli, ocelli on anterior margin of crown (Figs 1, 2, 4, 5). Face with clypeus flat, laterally expanded under antennal sockets, apex constricted, clypellus narrow, base inflated longitudinally, apically with lateral margins expanded (Figs 3, 6). Crown, pronotum and mesonotum with ratio along midline about 1:1.3:2 (Fig. 1) or 1:1.1:1.5 (Fig. 4).

Male genitalia. Pygofer with caudal lobe broadly triangular in lateral view, caudoventral margin inturned with a small internal digitate process (Fig. 7). Segment X without process. Subgenital fig long, apex with short fine setae (Fig. 8). Connective Y-shaped with stem very short (Fig. 9). Style short and simple, apophysis folded at midlength, narrowed distally to rounded apex (Figs 9, 10). Aedeagal shaft asymmetrical, elongate, distally upturned and tapered to acute apex in lateral view with numerous small spines and fine teeth, with two large subapical processes arising on same side, lower process about twice length of other bifurcate apically with inner branch also bifurcate, upper process with margin serrate in lateral view; gonopore large, subapical, situated laterally (Figs 1113).


China (Guangxi).

Type material

Holotype, ♂, CHINA: Guangxi, Chongzuo City, Longzhou County, Nonggang Preserve, 8 May 2012, coll. Fan Zhihua (GUGC). Paratype, 1♂, same data as holotype, except coll. Li Hu (GUGC).


The species name dentispina, refers to the dentate margin of the shorter aedeagal process.


This new species differs from other members of this genus by the shape and configuration of the aedeagal processes.

Figures 1–6. 

Calodia dentispina sp. n. 1–3 Holotype 4–6 Paratype 1, 4 Habitus, dorsal view 2, 5 Habitus, lateral view 3, 6 Facial view. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Figures 7–13. 

Calodia dentispina sp. n., male genitalia. 7–12 Holotype: 7 Pygofer, lateral view 8 Subgential fig, ventral view 9 Connective and style, dorsal view (letters a-c refer to corresponding areas on Fig. 10) 10 Style, dorsolateral view (letters a-c refer to corresponding areas on Fig. 9) 11 Aedeagus, dorsal view 12 Aedeagus, lateral view 13 Paratype: Aedeagus, dorsal view. Scale bar = 0.5 mm.

Figure 14. 

Geographic distribution of Calodia new species in China.


We sincerely thank Mr Webb M. D. (Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, England) for reviewing the MS and suggesting corrections and Prof. Nielson M. W. (Retired, former Affiliate Faculty, Monte L. Bean Museum, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT) for review of the paper. This work is supported by the graduate student innovation fund of Guizhou University (Yannong 2014001).


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