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Checklist of the family Chloropidae (Diptera) of Finland
expand article infoEmilia Nartshuk, Jere Kahanpää
† Zoological institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia
‡ University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Open Access

Abstract

A checklist of 147 species the Chloropidae (Diptera) recorded from Finland. Centorisoma elegantulum Becker is recorded for the first time from Finland.

Keywords

Finland, Chloropidae, species list, biodiversity, faunistics

Introduction

The Chloropidae is a large family of acalyptrate Diptera. It belongs to superfamily Carnoidea with Milichiidae as the closest relative. The classification of the family used follows Andersson (1977) and Nartshuk (1983).

The North European chloropid fauna has recently been revised by Nartshuk and Andersson (2013). Details of Finnish chloropid literature, species distribution and ecology, and other details can be found in their book. In comparison with the neighbouring countries, Finland ranks second in the number of chloropid species after Sweden (189 species) but well ahead of Denmark (119 species) and Norway (97 species). The genera Gaurax, Incertella and Rhopalopterum need more attention as there are several species in these genera known from neighbouring countries but not from Finland.

This checklist is based mostly on museum material in the Finnish Natural History museum (MZH) studied by E. Nartshuk. The Finnish species were last listed in Nartshuk and Andersson (2013).

Number of species:

World: 2880 species (Pape et al. 2011)

Europe: 394 species

Finland: 149–150 species

Faunistic knowledge level in Finland: average

Checklist

suborder Brachycera Macquart, 1834

clade Eremoneura Lameere, 1906

clade Cyclorrhapha Brauer, 1863

infraorder Schizophora Becher, 1882

clade Muscaria Enderlein, 1936

parvorder Acalyptratae Macquart, 1835

superfamily Carnoidea Newman, 1834

CHLOROPIDAE Rondani, 1856

CHLOROPINAE Rondani, 1856

CENTORISOMA Hendel, 1907

Centorisoma elegantulum Becker, 1910 (see Notes)

CETEMA Hendel, 1907

= Centor Loew, 1866 preocc.

sg. Cetema Hendel, 1907

Cetema cereris (Fallén, 1820)

Cetema elongatum (Meigen, 1830)

Cetema myopinum (Loew, 1866)

Cetema neglectum Tonnoir, 1921

Cetema simile Ismay, 1985

CHLOROPS Meigen, 1803

= Oscinis Latreille, 1804

sg. Chlorops Meigen, 1803

Chlorops anthracophagoides Strobl, 1900 (see Notes)

Chlorops calceatus Meigen, 1830

Chlorops centromaculatus Duda, 1933

Chlorops geminatus Meigen, 1830

Chlorops gracilis Meigen, 1830

Chlorops hypostigma Meigen, 1830

Chlorops kirigaminensis Kanmiya, 1978

= zonulatus auct. nec Wahlgren, 1913

Chlorops laetus Meigen, 1830

Chlorops meigenii Loew, 1866

= rufescens Oldenberg, 1923

Chlorops nigripalpis (Duda, 1933)

= crassipalpis Smirnov, 1958

Chlorops obscurellus (Zetterstedt, 1838)

= brunnipes auct. nec (Zetterstedt, 1848)

Chlorops palpatus Smirnov, 1959

Chlorops pannonicus Strobl, 1893

Chlorops planifrons (Loew, 1866)

= triangularis Becker, 1910

Chlorops pumilionis (Bjerkander, 1778)

Chlorops ringens Loew, 1866

Chlorops riparius Smirnov, 1958

Chlorops rossicus Smirnov, 1955

Chlorops rufinus (Zetterstedt, 1848)

= citrinellus (Zetterstedt, 1848)

Chlorops scalaris Meigen, 1830

Chlorops scutellaris (Zetterstedt, 1838)

= laevicollis Becker, 1910

= freyi Duda, 1933

Chlorops serenus Loew, 1866

Chlorops speciosus Meigen, 1830

Chlorops troglodytes (Zetterstedt, 1848)

sg. Sclerophallus Beschovski, 1978

Chlorops limbatus Meigen, 1830

= brevimanus Loew, 1866

Chlorops varsoviensis Becker, 1910

CHLOROPSINA Becker, 1911

Chloropsina distinguenda (Frey, 1909)

CRYPTONEVRA Lioy, 1864

Cryptonevra diadema (Meigen, 1830)

Cryptonevra flavitarsis (Meigen, 1830)

DIPLOTOXA Loew, 1863

Diplotoxa messoria (Fallén, 1820)

DIPLOTOXOIDES Andersson, 1977

Diplotoxoides dalmatina (Strobl, 1900)

EPICHLOROPS Becker, 1910

Epichlorops puncticollis (Zetterstedt, 1848)

EUTROPHA Loew, 1866

Eutropha fulvifrons (Haliday, 1833)

Eutropha variegata Loew, 1866

LASIOSINA Becker, 1910

Lasiosina albipila (Loew, 1866)

Lasiosina brevisurstylata Dely-Draskovits, 1977

Lasiosina herpini (Guérin-Méneville, 1843)

= cinctipes auct. nec (Meigen, 1830)

Lasiosina parvipennis Duda, 1933

MELANUM Becker, 1910

Melanum laterale (Haliday, 1833)

MEROMYZA Meigen, 1830

sg. Meromyza Meigen, 1830

Meromyza curvinervis (Zetterstedt, 1848)

= hybrida Péterfi, 1961

Meromyza elbergi Fedoseeva, 1979

Meromyza ingrica Nartshuk, 1992

Meromyza mosquensis Fedoseeva, 1960

Meromyza nigriseta Fedoseeva, 1960

Meromyza nigriventris Macquart, 1835

= rostrata Hubicka, 1966

Meromyza ornata (Wiedemann, 1817)

= sororcula Fedoseeva, 1962

Meromyza palposa Fedoseeva, 1960

Meromyza pluriseta Péterfi, 1961

Meromyza pratorum Meigen, 1830

Meromyza rohdendorfi Fedoseeva, 1974

Meromyza saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1761)

Meromyza sibirica Fedoseeva, 1961

Meromyza triangulina Fedoseeva, 1960

Meromyza variegata Meigen, 1830

= lidiae Nartshuk, 1992

Meromyza zimzerla Nartshuk, 1992

NEOHAPLEGIS Beschovski, 1981

Neohaplegis tarsata (Fallén, 1820)

PLATYCEPHALA Fallén, 1820

Platycephala planifrons (Fabricius, 1798)

Platycephala umbraculata (Fabricius, 1794)

PSEUDOPACHYCHAETA Strobl, 1902

Pseudopachychaeta approximatonervis (Zetterstedt, 1848)

Pseudopachychaeta oscinina (Fallén, 1813)

= heleocharis (Nartshuk, 1964)

Pseudopachychaeta ruficeps (Zetterstedt, 1838)

THAUMATOMYIA Zenker, 1833

Thaumatomyia glabra (Meigen, 1830)

Thaumatomyia hallandica Andersson, 1966

Thaumatomyia notata (Meigen, 1830)

Thaumatomyia rufa (Macquart, 1835)

Thaumatomyia trifasciata (Zetterstedt, 1848)

TRICHIEURINA Duda, 1933

Trichieurina pubescens (Meigen, 1830)

OSCINELLINAE Becker, 1910

APHANOTRIGONUM Duda, 1932

Aphanotrigonum cinctellum (Zetterstedt, 1848)

= fasciella (Zetterstedt, 1855)

Aphanotrigonum hungaricum Dely-Draskovits, 1981

Aphanotrigonum nigripes (Zetterstedt, 1848)

Aphanotrigonum trilineatum (Meigen, 1830)

= beschovskii Dely-Draskovits, 1981

ASPISTYLA Duda, 1933

Aspistyla plumiger (Meigen, 1830)

CALAMONCOSIS Enderlein, 1911

sg. Calamoncosis Enderlein, 1911

Calamoncosis aprica (Meigen, 1830)

Calamoncosis duinensis (Strobl, 1909)

Calamoncosis minima (Strobl, 1893)

Calamoncosis oscinella (Becker, 1910)

sg. Rhaphiopyga Nartshuk, 1971

Calamoncosis glyceriae Nartshuk, 1958

COLLINIELLA Nartshuk & Andersson, 2013

Colliniella meijerei (Duda, 1932) (see Notes)

CONIOSCINELLA Duda, 1929

Conioscinella frontella (Fallén, 1820)

Conioscinella gallarum (Duda, 1933)

Conioscinella livida Nartshuk, 1970

Conioscinella mimula Collin, 1946

Conioscinella sordidella (Zetterstedt, 1848)

Conioscinella zetterstedti Andersson, 1966

DICRAEUS Loew, 1873

sg. Dicraeus Loew, 1873

Dicraeus tibialis (Macquart, 1835)

sg. Oedesiella Becker, 1910

Dicraeus fennicus Duda, 1932

Dicraeus rossicus Stackelberg, 1955

sg. Paroedesiella Anonymous in Imperial Institute of Entomology, 1937

Dicraeus nitidus Wahlgren, 1913

= napaeus Collin, 1946

Dicraeus styriacus (Strobl, 1898)

= vallaris Collin, 1946

Dicraeus vagans (Meigen, 1838)

ELACHIPTERA Macquart, 1835

Elachiptera cornuta (Fallén, 1820)

Elachiptera diastema Collin, 1946

Elachiptera scrobiculata (Strobl, 1901)

= tenuiseta (Frey, 1947)

Elachiptera tuberculifera (Corti, 1909)

ERIBOLUS Becker, 1910

Eribolus gracilior (de Meijere, 1918)

Eribolus hungaricus Becker, 1910

Eribolus nana (Zetterstedt, 1838)

= sudeticus Becker, 1910

Eribolus slesvicensis Becker, 1910

GAMPSOCERA Schiner, 1862

Gampsocera numerata (Heeger, 1858)

GAURAX Loew, 1863

Gaurax borealis (Duda, 1933)

Gaurax dubius (Macquart, 1835)

Gaurax ephippium (Zetterstedt, 1848)

= strobilum Karps, 1981

Gaurax fascipes Becker, 1910

Gaurax macrocerus (Nartshuk, 1962)

Gaurax maculipennis (Zetterstedt, 1848)

HAPLEGINELLA Duda, 1933

Hapleginella laevifrons (Loew, 1858)

INCERTELLA Sabrosky, 1980

Incertella albipalpis (Meigen, 1830)

Incertella kerteszi (Becker, 1910)

Incertella nigrifrons (Duda, 1933)

Incertella scotica (Collin, 1946)

Incertella zuercheri (Duda, 1933)

LASIAMBIA Anonymous in Imperial Instutute of Entomology, 1937

= Lasiambia Enderlein, 1936

= Lasiambia Sabrosky, 1941

Lasiambia brevibucca (Duda, 1932)

Lasiambia coxalis (von Roser, 1840)

= oophila (Hennig, 1941)

Lasiambia palposa (Fallén, 1820)

LIPARA Meigen, 1830

Lipara lucens Meigen, 1830

Lipara pullitarsis Doskočil & Chvála, 1971

= rufitarsis misid.

MICROCERCIS Beschovski, 1978

Microcercis trigonella (Duda, 1933)

OSCINELLA Becker, 1909

sg. Oscinella Becker, 1909

Oscinella angularis Collin, 1946

Oscinella cariciphila Collin, 1946

Oscinella frit (Linnaeus, 1758)

Oscinella maura (Fallén, 1820)

= albiseta (Meigen, 1830)

Oscinella nigerrima (Macquart, 1835)

Oscinella nitidissima (Meigen, 1838)

Oscinella pusilla (Meigen, 1830)

Oscinella ventricosi Nartshuk, 1956

Oscinella vindicata (Meigen, 1830)

= hortensis Collin, 1946

OSCINIMORPHA Lioy, 1864

Oscinimorpha minutissima (Strobl, 1900)

Oscinimorpha sordidissima (Strobl, 1893)

OSCINISOMA Lioy, 1864

Oscinisoma cognatum (Meigen, 1830)

POLYODASPIS Duda, 1933

Polyodaspis ruficornis (Macquart, 1835)

Polyodaspis sulcicollis (Meigen, 1838)

RHOPALOPTERUM Duda, 1929

Rhopalopterum anthracinum (Meigen, 1930)

Rhopalopterum atricillum (Zetterstedt, 1838)

= atripes (Duda, 1933)

Rhopalopterum atricorne (Zetterstedt, 1838)

= platythorax (Nartshuk, 1958)

Rhopalopterum brunneipenne Beschovski & Lansbury, 1987

Rhopalopterum fasciolum (Meigen, 1830)

Rhopalopterum femorale (Collin, 1946)

SIPHONELLA Macquart, 1835

Siphonella oscinina (Fallén, 1820)

SIPHUNCULINA Rondani, 1856

Siphunculina aenea (Macquart, 1835)

SPECCAFRONS Sabrosky, 1980

Speccafrons halophila (Duda, 1933)

TRACHYSIPHONELLA Enderlein, 1936

Trachysiphonella ruficeps (Macquart, 1835)

= pygmaea (Meigen, 1838)

Trachysiphonella scutellata (von Roser, 1840)

TRICIMBA Lioy, 1864

sg. Nartshukiella Beschovski, 1981

Tricimba cincta (Meigen, 1830)

= sulcella (Zetterstedt, 1848)

sg. Tricimba Lioy, 1864

Tricimba lineella (Fallén, 1820)

Excluded species

Chlorops figuratus (Zetterstedt, 1848) not found within present borders.

Notes

Centorisoma elegantulum Becker, 1910. First records from Finland: 1 ex Ta: Heinola, Lusi, July 2013, leg. J. Kahanpää; 6 exx N: Loviisa, 2013, leg. Jari Flinck.

Chlorops anthracophagoides Strobl, 1900. Recorded in Nartshuk (1998) from Eriksberg, which is a Finnish locality.

Colliniella meijerei (Duda, 1932). Recently added to the list of Finnish Diptera (Kahanpää 2013).

References

  • Andersson H (1977) Taxonomic and phylogenetic studies on Chloropidae (Diptera) with special reference to Old World genera. Entomologica scandinavica Supplement 8. Berlingska Boktryckeriet, Lund, 200 pp.
  • Kahanpää J (2013) Viisikymmentä Suomelle uutta kärpäslajia (Diptera: Brachycera). Sahlbergia 19(1–2): 63–71.
  • Nartshuk EP (1983) A system of the superfamily Chloropoidea (Diptera, Cyclorrhapha). Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 62: 638–648.
  • Nartshuk EP (1998) A revision of grassflies of the tribe Chloropini (Diptera, Chloropidae) of Finland, Estonia and North-West Russia. Entomologica fennica 9(3): 153–183.
  • Nartshuk EP, Andersson H (2013) The Frit Flies (Chloropidae, Diptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica Brill, Leiden, Vol. 43(2012), 282 pp. doi: 10.1163/9789004190665
  • Pape T, Blagoderov V, Mostovski MB (2011) Order Diptera Linnaeus, 1758. In: Zhang Z-Q (Ed) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 222–229. http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2011/f/zt03148p229.pdf