ZooKeys 317: 17–25, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.317.5515
Anagnorisma chamrani sp. n. (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) from Iran
Peter Gyulai 1,†, Mohammad Mahdi Rabieh 2,‡, Ali Asghar Seraj 2,§, Laslo Ronkay 3,|, Mehdi Esfandiari 2,¶
1 Mélyvölgy u. 13/A, H-3530 Miskolc, Hungary
2 Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum, H-1088 Budapest, Baross u. 13

Corresponding author: Mehdi Esfandiari (apameini@yahoo.com)

Academic editor: D. Lafontaine

received 11 May 2013 | accepted 3 July 2013 | Published 15 July 2013

(C) 2013 Peter Gyulai. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 (CC-BY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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Citation: Gyulai P, Rabieh MM, Seraj AA, Ronkay L, Esfandiari M (2013) Anagnorisma chamrani sp. n. (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) from Iran. ZooKeys 317: 17–25. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.317.5515


A new Anagnorisma species, Anagnorisma chamrani sp. n., is described from Binaloud Mountains of Khorasan-e-Razavi province in north-eastern Iran, and compared with its sister species, Anagnorisma eucratides (Boursin, 1960). The adults, and male and female genitalia of both species are illustrated in 11 figures. The genus Anagnorisma is recorded for the first time for the fauna of Iran.


Anagnorisma, Noctuidae, new species, Iran


The genus Anagnorisma was erected by Ronkay and Varga (1999), together with two further genera of the Eugnorisma Boursin, 1946 generic complex, Protognorisma Ronkay & Varga, 1999 and Schizognorisma Ronkay & Varga, 1999. These three genera represent the more ancient lineages of this clade; their species are generally distributed in the wide sense Himalayan region. The detailed comparison of the three genera, and the main differential features between the sister genera Anagnorisma and Schizognorisma, are given in the original descriptions (Ronkay and Varga op. cit.).

The genus Anagnorisma was known to comprise four taxa, Anagnorisma eucratides (Boursin, 1957), Anagnorisma goniophora (Hacker, Ronkay & Varga, 1990), Anagnorisma glareomima (Varga & Ronkay, 1991) and Anagnorisma zakaria Ronkay & Varga, 1999. The fifth species, the most westerly distributed member of the genus, Anagnorisma chamrani sp. n., is described below.

Material and methods

The material examined was collected in late summer 2012 in Khorasan-e-Razavi province located in north-eastern Iran, using 8 watt black light UVB tubes. The genitalia of both sexes were dissected, stained, and mounted following the standardised way. The adults were photographed by Gábor Ronkay, the genitalia slides by Zoltán Soltész and Tibor Csővári; the digital images have been adjusted and edited by Gábor Ronkay.

Systematic Account
Subfamily Noctuinae Latreille, 1809 Tribe Noctuini Latreille, 1809 Subtribe Noctuina Latreille, 1809
Anagnorisma chamrani Gyulai, Rabieh & Ronkay, sp. n.



Figs 3, 4, 810
Type material.

Holotype. female, Iran, prov. Khorasan-e-Razavi, Binaloud, 2507 m, 36°28'56"N, 59°46'17"E, 10.IX.2012; slide No. 3145 PGY. The holotype is deposited in the collection of P. Gyulai, later to be deposited in the Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest, Hungary


Male, with the same data as the holotype; slide No. 3144 PGY (coll. P. Gyulai, Miskolc).


Anagnorisma chamrani is the sister species of Anagnorisma eucratides (Boursin, 1957), which is only known from eastern Afghanistan at altitudes of 2050 to 2450 m of the Hindu Kush Mountains.The main external differential features, in comparison with Anagnorisma eucratides (Figs 1, 2), are the following: thoracic pubescence, ground colour of forewing and filling of stigmata more unicolorous, not brownish red as in Anagnorisma eucratides; antemedial line oblique, somewhat zigzagged; postmedial line more crenellate, both of them have a finer black-marked definition; subterminal line less wavy; hindwing darker greyish; cilia pale pinkish. The new species is also similar to the Pakistani Anagnorisma goniophora, but the antemedial line is more zigzagged, the postmedial line is less evenly arched, being terminally oblique and not perpendicular to the inner edge of the forewing, the subterminal line is more wavy in the upper half and more conspicuously ochreous. The two other members of Anagnorisma are less similar to the new species; Anagnorisma chamrani differs from Anagnorisma glareomima by its darker and more elongated wings, larger stigmata and the different configuration of the stigmata and the black intermaculation; finally, it cannot be confused with the conpicuously different, orange-brown coloured Anagnorisma zakaria. Wingspan 34–35 mm.The configuration of the genitalia of both sexes indicates the close relationship between Anagnorisma eucratides and Anagnorisma chamrani. In the male genitalia (Figs 6, 7, 9, 10), the dorsal costa of the valva of Anagnorisma chamrani is more extended medially, so the costal and dorsal margins are less parallel than in Anagnorisma eucratides; the valval apex is evenly rounded, more prominent dorsally than ventrally (it is the opposite in Anagnorisma eucratides); the apical lobe and the ventral extension are smaller; the vinculum is somewhat longer; the aedeagus is slightly curved ventrad; the dorsal and ventral carinal plates are narrow, crest-like, long and strongly sclerotised, the ventral plate terminates in an obtuse, small peak (the ventro-lateral carinal plate of Anagnorisma eucratides is markedly stronger, bearing a conspicuous, strong thorn).

The male genitalia of Anagnorisma chamrani are strikingly dissimilar from those of the externally similar Anagnorisma goniophora, especially the broader valvaof Anagnorisma chamrani, particularly its distal part and the assemblage of the valval apex; the much longer, arched harpe and the longer, crest-like carinal plates. The diagnostic features, in comparison with Anagnorisma zakaria, are the much longer, arched harpe, the considerably shorter (about half as long) ventral valval extension and the longer and not extended, crest-like ventral carinal plate in Anagnorisma chamrani.

In the female genitalia, Anagnorisma chamrani (Fig. 8) differs from Anagnorisma eucratides by its narrower but higher, more sclerotised, asymmetrically subquadrangular antrum with U-shaped postero-medial incision; longer ductus bursae with less elbow-like lateral projection and the almost twice as long, more prominent, conical appendix bursae. Comparing with Anagnorisma glareomima and Anagnorisma zakaria, the most conspicuous difference is the shape of ductus bursae: Anagnorisma chamrani has an almost evenly-broad ductus bursae with an asymmetrical medial constriction in one side and elbow-like lateral projection on the opposite side, whereas the two other species have a funnel-like ductus bursae.

Figure 1.

Anagnorisma eucratides female, HT.

Figure 2.

Anagnorisma eucratides female, HT labels.

Figure 3.

Anagnorisma chamrani female, HT.

Figure 4.

Anagnorisma chamrani male, PT.

Figure 5.

Anagnorisma eucratides female genitalia ZSM N4212 HT.

Figure 6.

Anagnorisma eucratides male genitalia, clasping apparatus PT.

Figure 7.

Anagnorisma eucratides male genitalia, aedeagus PT.

Figure 8.

Anagnorisma chamrani female genitalia, HT.

Figure 9.

Anagnorisma chamrani male genitalia clasping apparatus PT.

Figure 10.

Anagnorisma chamrani male genitalia aedeagus PT.


The new species is known only from the type locality, the higher Binaloud Mountains (Fig. 11). The dominant species in the vegetation of the habitat are Mountain Sainfoin, Wild almond (Amygdalus scoparia), Downy brome (Bromus tectorum); the other mentionable plants are Bromus, Artemisia and Astragalus spp. The adults were attracted to light early on a cold night in September. The early stages are unknown.

Figure 11.

Habitat of the type locality of the new species.


The new species is named in honour of the martyr Dr. Mostafa Chamran (1932–1981). In 1982 the Jundi Shapur University was renamed to Shahid Chamran University after the martyrdom of Dr. Chamran, an outstanding Iranian warrior in the 8 years Iran–Iraq war. The university was closed in those days due to the war conditions in the area.


All support provided by Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz are greatly acknowledged. We also express our best thanks to Gábor Ronkay (Budapest) for the fine colour images; to Zoltán Soltész and Tibor Csővári (Budapest) for most of the genitalia photos; to Gottfried Behounek (Grafing) and Wolfgang Speidel (ZSM, Munich) for providing the HT genitalia photo of Anagnorisma eucratides; to Sabine Gaal-Haszler and Martin Lödl (NHMW, Vienna) and Zoltán Varga (Debrecen) for providing the PT genitalia of Anagnorisma eucratides. This study was financially supported by the Iran National Science Foundation (INSF).

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