Catalogue
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Catalogue
World catalogue of the genus-group names in Elateridae (Insecta, Coleoptera). Part I: Agrypninae, Campyloxeninae, Hemiopinae, Lissominae, Oestodinae, Parablacinae, Physodactylinae, Pityobiinae, Subprotelaterinae, Tetralobinae
expand article infoRobin Kundrata, Magdalena Kubaczkova, Alexander S. Prosvirov§, Hume B. Douglas|, Anna Fojtikova, Cleide Costa, Yves Bousquet#, Miguel A. Alonso-Zarazaga¤, Patrice Bouchard|
‡ Palacky University, Olomouc, Czech Republic
§ Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
| Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Canada
¶ Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
# Unaffiliated, Ottawa, Canada
¤ Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid, Spain
Open Access

Abstract

In this first part of the World catalogue of genus-group names in Elateridae, a nomenclatural review of the genera belonging to ten subfamilies is provided. All names are given with author name, year, and page of publication, type species, and type fixation. We list 132 valid genera in Agrypninae, 2 in Campyloxeninae, 4 in Hemiopinae, 11 in Lissominae, 2 in Oestodinae, 8 in Parablacinae, 2 in Physodactylinae, 2 in Pityobiinae, 1 in Subprotelaterinae, and 7 in Tetralobinae. Genera Anathesis Candèze, 1865, Antitypus Candèze, 1882, Chrostus Candèze, 1878, Dorygonus Candèze, 1859 (with subgenus Rygodonus Fleutiaux, 1932), and Macromalocera Hope, 1834 are tentatively placed as Agrypninae incertae sedis. Paradrapetes villosus Fleutiaux, 1895 is designated as the type species for Paradrapetes Fleutiaux, 1895. Two new genera are proposed based on species previously incorrectly used as type species for Abiphis Fleutiaux, 1926 and Lycoreus Candèze, 1857. These genera are Neoabiphis Kundrata & Bouchard, gen. n. (type species: Elater nobilis Illiger, 1800) and Neolycoreus Kundrata & Bouchard, gen. n. (type species: L. regalis Candèze, 1857), respectively. The following new combinations are proposed for species hitherto included in Abiphis Fleutiaux, 1926: Neoabiphis candezei (Alluaud, 1896), comb. n., N. fairmairei (Fleutiaux, 1903), comb. n., N. goudoti (Fleutiaux, 1942), comb. n., N. insignis (Klug, 1833), comb. n., N. nobilis (Illiger, 1800), comb. n., and N. viettei (Girard, 1966), comb. n. The following new combinations are proposed for species hitherto included in Lycoreus Candèze, 1857: Neolycoreus alluaudi (Candèze, 1900), comb. n., N. corpulentus (Candèze, 1899), comb. n., N. cyclops (Candèze, 1865), comb. n., N. decorsei (Fleutiaux, 1903), comb. n., N. dux (Candèze, 1857), comb. n., N. goudotii (Laporte, 1838), comb. n., N. madagascariensis (Gory, 1832), comb. n., N. oculipennis (Fairmaire, 1903), comb. n., N. orbiculatus (Schwarz, 1901), comb. n., N. regalis (Candèze, 1857), comb. n., N. sicardi (Fleutiaux, 1942), comb. n., N. triangularis (Fleutiaux, 1942), comb. n., N. triocellatus (Laporte, 1838), comb. n., and N. vicinus (Fleutiaux, 1942), comb. n. The following new combinations are proposed for species hitherto incorrectly included in Plectrosternus Lacordaire, 1857: Legna rufa (Lacordaire, 1857), comb. n., L. convexa (Vats, 1991), comb. n., L. coolsi (Schimmel, 1996), comb. n., and L. foveata (Patwardhan & Athalye, 2012), comb. n. This research revealed a nomenclatural problem threatening the stability of the well-established valid genus name Adelocera Latreille, 1829. An application to the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature will be necessary in this case to maintain stability. Additionally, we act here as First Revisers (ICZN 1999, Art. 24.2) in giving precedence to Lucarius Gistel, 1848 (Staphylinidae) over Lucarius Gistel, 1848 (Elateridae).

Keywords

Classification, click-beetles, Elateroidea, new combinations, new genera, nomenclature, Staphylinidae, systematics

Introduction

Elateridae, commonly known as click-beetles, is a large beetle family containing approximately 10,000 described species worldwide (Costa et al. 2010). Although they are well-known and usually easy-to-recognise as a family, even for non-specialists, the limits of, as well as phylogenetic interrelationships within, Elateridae are still in flux (e.g., Lawrence and Newton 1995; Costa et al. 2010; Douglas 2011; Kundrata and Bocak 2011; Kundrata et al. 2016, 2018a; Douglas et al. 2018; Bocak et al. 2018). Various suprageneric classifications have been proposed for the family, and also generic limits often considerably vary between different authors (e.g., Fleutiaux 1947a; Hayek 1973; Gurjeva 1974a, b; Dolin 1975; Stibick 1979; Calder 1996; Sánchez-Ruiz 1996; Cate et al. 2007; Costa et al. 2010; Kundrata et al. 2018a). Although recent catalogues are available for some world regions (e.g., Golbach 1994, Calder 1996, Cate et al. 2007, Arias-Bohart and Elgueta 2012, Zapata and Sánchez-Ruiz 2012, Bousquet et al. 2013, Aguirre-Tapiero and Johnson 2014, Johnson and Chaboo 2015, Platia and Ghahari 2016, Girard 2017, Tarnawski et al. 2018) or for certain suprageneric groups (e.g., Schimmel 1999, 2003, 2004, 2005; Tarnawski 1996, 2001; Schimmel et al. 2015, 2016; Schimmel and Tarnawski 2009, 2010, 2012; Douglas 2017; Kubaczkova and Kundrata 2017; Kundrata et al. 2018b, c), a comprehensive catalogue of the world Elateridae fauna is not available. Therefore, many recent studies on Elateridae still follow works by Candèze (1857, 1859, 1860, 1863, 1891), Schwarz (1906a, 1907), and Schenkling (1925, 1927). Those authors, however, did not include data on the type species and type fixation in their catalogues. The study of diversity, taxonomy, phylogeny, and biogeography of Elateridae is not possible without genus-group name concepts which are consistent with regulations from the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN 1999). The first attempt to cover all genus-group names in Elateridae was by Hyslop (1921), followed by additions to that catalogue by Arnett (1955). However, despite their great effort, these authors introduced some nomenclatural inconsistencies, and new supraspecific names in Elateridae have been proposed since that time. Therefore, it is necessary to update the information on genus-group names for Elateridae, and correct these errors still commonly repeated by contemporary authors.

By compiling this catalogue, we work to provide a summary of all genus-group names including synonymies, misspellings, and their availability in the sense of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN 1999). We also indicate the type species for all genera including information on their designations, give the systematic position of each genus according to the most recent studies, and provide a robust framework for future Elateridae workers. This catalogue could serve as a starting point for future Elateridae-related studies, not only focused on systematics but also on diversity, evolution, biogeography, and nature conservation.

Materials and methods

We compiled all genus-group names in the Elateridae subfamilies Agrypninae, Campyloxeninae, Hemiopinae, Lissominae, Oestodinae, Parablacinae, Physodactylinae, Pityobiinae, and Tetralobinae. Genus-group names in Elaterinae, Thylacosterninae, Morostomatinae, Plastocerinae, Negastriinae, Cardiophorinae and Dendrometrinae sensu lato (including e.g., Hypnoidini, Oxynopterini, Semiotini, Dimini and Senodoniini) will be treated in the next parts of the catalogue. The family classification follows the Handbook of Zoology (Costa et al. 2010), with additional changes proposed by Bouchard et al. (2011; family-group names), Kundrata and Bocak (2011, several classification changes based on the molecular phylogeny), Schimmel and Tarnawski (2012, description of the tribe Tetrigusina), Kundrata et al. (2016, description of the subfamily Parablacinae), and Kundrata et al. (2018a, subfamilial rank proposed for Tetralobinae). A synopsis of this suprageneric classification of extant Elateridae is given in Table 2 in Kundrata et al. (2018a).

The generic compositions of the tribes and subfamilies treated in this study are as follows: Agrypnini sensu Hayek (1973, 1979, as Agrypninae, but excluding Lanelater Arnett, 1952), with genera added by Chassain (1983), Gurjeva (1987) and Arias-Bohart (2014), and changes by Gurjeva (1977), Cate et al. (2007), and Girard (2017); Anaissini sensu Golbach (1984), including Alampina of Costa (1975); Euplinthini sensu Costa (1975), with changes by Johnson (2002b) and Arias-Bohart and Elgueta (2012); Drilini sensu Kundrata and Bocak (2011, 2017); Hemirhipini sensu Casari (2008; but excluding Anthracalaus Fairmaire, 1888), with changes by Patwardhan et al. (2009), Schimmel and Tarnawski (2012), and Arimoto and Arimoto (2017); Oophorini sensu Johnson (1995, 1997) and Cate et al. (2007), with changes by Calder (1996), Platia (2007, 2012), and Girard (2017); Pseudomelanactini sensu Johnson (2002a); Pyrophorini sensu Costa (1975), plus Metapyrophorus Rosa & Costa, 2009; Campyloxeninae sensu Costa (1975), plus Malalcahuello Arias-Bohart, 2015; Hemiopinae sensu Lawrence et al. (1999), with an additional genus transferred there by Douglas (2011); Lissominae sensu Lawrence and Arias (2009) and Arias-Bohart (2013), but excluding Oestodinae (see Kundrata et al. 2016); Oestodinae sensu Johnson (2002a; as Oestodini) and Kundrata et al. (2016); Parablacinae sensu Kundrata et al. (2016), plus Sharon Arias-Bohart & Elgueta, 2015; Physodactylinae sensu Rosa (2014); Pityobiinae sensu Kundrata et al. (2016); Subprotelaterinae sensu Costa et al. (2010), and Tetralobinae sensu Costa et al. (1994) and Kubaczkova and Kundrata (2017). Only extant taxa are included in the catalogue.

The names of the family-, genus- and species-group taxa are given with the name of the author, and the year and page of publication. The page given is the page where the taxon name and description are printed, except for the generic names first introduced in catalogues and made available by including one or more available species names (ICZN 1999, Art. 12.2.5). When a work was published in various parts we determined the oldest part in which a particular name became available for the first time, following the Principle of Priority (ICZN 1999, Art. 23.1). A search for each genus-group name was performed in the hundreds of publications dealing with Elateridae and its relatives, including all works cited here but also numerous other taxonomic revisions, regional faunistic studies, and checklists, general entomological books, etc. Additionally, we checked the online version of the Nomenclator Zoologicus (http://www.ubio.org/NomenclatorZoologicus/) to look for potentially important information on authorship, dates of publication and homonyms. The year and page given for the incorrect subsequent spellings are the first year and page in which they are used. Incorrect subsequent spellings not in prevailing usage are unavailable (ICZN 1999, Art. 33.3). Complete data and comments for family- and genus-group names are presented with the lowest-rank name (e.g., tribe rather than subfamily, subgenus not genus), since these criteria follow the Principle of Coordination (ICZN 1999, Art. 36.1 and 43.1). The detailed information for family-group names is given in Bouchard et al. (2011) and is not repeated here. We provide the type species for each genus-group name, including information on its designation (i.e., original designation, monotypy, and in the case of subsequent designation we provide author, year and page). New type species designations are proposed as needed to preserve taxonomic stability (ICZN 1999, Art. 69). We do not repeat type species and their fixations for replacement names as “both the prior nominal taxon and its replacement have the same type species, and type fixation for either applies also to the other, despite any statement to the contrary” (ICZN 1999, Art. 67.8). Under each family- and genus-group name, the currently valid name is listed the first, followed by synonyms in chronological order. Misspellings, unavailable names, and corrected stem formations are followed by colon “:”. Dates of publications and exact bibliographic references (especially problematic ones, often not cited uniformly by researchers) are taken from the following comprehensive general works: Evenhuis (1997), Cate et al. (2007), Bouchard et al. (2011), Bousquet and Bouchard (2013, 2017), Nagel and Schmidlin (2014), and Bousquet (2016).

Catalogue

Family Elateridae Leach, 1815

Elaterides Leach, 1815: 85. Type genus: Elater Linnaeus, 1758. As pointed out by several authors, e.g., Lawrence and Newton (1995) and Bouchard et al. (2011), the oldest name for this family is Cebrionidae Latreille, 1802. In 2011, a formal application to maintain usage of Elateridae over Cebrionidae was submitted by PJ Johnson for publication in the Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, and for an eventual vote by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). A notice for the reception of this new Case was published in December 2011 (ICZN 2011). The ICZN later closed this Case without further comments (ICZN 2012). Based on reviews by three ICZN Commissioners it had been decided that the Case is covered by Article 35.5 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN 1999), and that no further actions were needed (ICZN Secretariat, personal communication). The same reasoning supports conserving usage of Elateroidea Leach, 1815 over Cebrionoidea Latreille, 1802.

Elateriadae: Arnett et al. 1969: 9 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Subfamily Agrypninae Candèze, 1857

Agrypnides Candèze, 1857: 17. Type genus: Agrypnus Eschscholtz, 1829. The nomen protectum Agrypninae Candèze, 1857 was given precedence for subfamily name over the nomen oblitum Oophorinae Gistel, 1848 (ICZN 1999, Art. 35.5) by Bouchard et al. (2011).

Tribe Agrypnini Candèze, 1857

Adeloceraeidae Gistel, 1848a: [5]. Type genus: Adelocera Latreille, 1829. Nomen oblitum, incorrect original stem formation, not in prevailing usage; see Bouchard et al. (2011).

Pangauradae Gistel, 1856: 366. Type genus: Pangaura Gistel, 1856 (syn. of Lacon Laporte, 1838). Nomen oblitum, incorrect original stem formation, not in prevailing usage; see Bouchard et al. (2011).

Agrypnides Candèze, 1857: 17. Type genus: Agrypnus Eschscholtz, 1829. Nomen protectum; see Bouchard et al. (2011).

Octocryptites: Candèze 1892: 486 [unavailable name, see Bouchard et al. 2011].

Adelocerini Buysson, 1893: 15. Type genus: Adelocera Latreille, 1829. Family-group name proposed as new without reference to Adeloceridae Gistel, 1848.

Octocryptini Schwarz, 1906a: 31. Type genus: Octocryptus Candèze, 1892.

Octocrytinae: Fleutiaux 1927a: 99 [incorrect stem formation (ICZN 1999, Art. 29.3)].

Agripninae: Miwa 1927: 12 [incorrect stem formation (ICZN 1999, Art. 29.3)].

Cavicoxumidae Pic, 1928: 21. Type genus: Cavicoxum Pic, 1928 (syn. of Agraeus Candèze, 1857). Incorrect original stem formation, not in prevailing usage.

Cavicoxidae: Arnett 1962: 497. Correct stem formation of Cavicoxumidae Pic, 1928.

Laconini Dajoz, 1964: 60. Type genus: Lacon Laporte, 1838.

Pangauridae: Lawrence and Newton 1995: 854. Correct stem formation of Pangauradae Gistel, 1856.

Genus Acrocryptus Candèze, 1874

Cryptotarsus Philippi, 1873: 308. Gender: masculine. Type species: Cryptotarsus ater Philippi, 1873: 308, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Cryptotarsus Kirsch, 1865: 88 [Coleoptera: Melyridae: Malachiinae].

Acrocryptus Candèze, 1874: 39. Gender: masculine. Replacement name for Cryptotarsus Philippi, 1873.

Hexaulacus Candèze, 1874: 40. Gender: masculine. Type species: Hexaulacus reedi Candèze, 1874: 40, by monotypy. Synonymised by Golbach (1970: 307).

Genus Adelocera Latreille, 1829

Adelocera Latreille, 1829: 451. Gender: feminine. Type species: The widely accepted type species for this genus is Elater ovalis Germar, 1823: 49, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 623). However the valid type species is Elater fuscus Fabricius, 1801: 228 (non Schrank, 1781, nec Geoffroy, 1785), by subsequent designation (Duponchel 1840: 119). Since Elater fuscus Fabricius, 1801 is currently placed in the genus Agrypnus Eschscholtz, 1829, an application asking the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature to set aside the earlier type species designation by Duponchel is necessary to conserve Adelocera Latreille, 1829 as the valid name of this genus.

Pericus Candèze, 1857: 167. Gender: masculine. Type species: Pericus nitidus Candèze, 1857: 167, by monotypy. Synonymised with Adelocera Latreille, 1829 by Hayek (1973: 13).

Brachylacon Motschulsky, 1858: 60. Gender: masculine. Type species: Brachylacon microcephalus Motschulsky, 1858: 60, by monotypy. Synonymised with Adelocera Latreille, 1829 by Hayek (1973: 13).

Adolocera: Candèze 1860: 110 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Prolacon Fleutiaux, 1934a: 179. Gender: masculine. Type species: Prolacon alluaudi Fleutiaux 1934a: 179, by monotypy. Synonymised with Adelocera Latreille, 1829 by Hayek (1973: 13).

Aganolacon Ôhira, 1967a: 55. Gender: masculine. Type species: Aganolacon shirozui Ôhira, 1967a: 55, by original designation. Synonymised with Adelocera Latreille, 1829 by Hayek (1973: 13).

Brachylason: Dolin 1978: 6 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Adellocera: Uniyal and Vats 1988: 49 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Agraeus Candèze, 1857

Agraeus Candèze, 1857: 165. Gender: masculine. Type species: Agraeus mannerheimii Candèze, 1857: 166, by monotypy.

Trachylacon Motschulsky, 1858: 60. Gender: masculine. Type species: Trachylacon fulvicollis Motschulsky 1858: 61, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 672). Synonymised with Agraeus Candèze, 1857 by Schwarz (1906a: 27).

Trochylacon: Motschulsky 1858: 61 [unavailable name, incorrect original spelling (ICZN 1999, Art. 19.3); First Reviser (ICZN 1999, Art. 24.2): Motschulsky (1869: 34)].

Cavicoxum Pic, 1928: 21. Gender: neuter. Type species: Cavicoxum monstrosum Pic, 1928: 21, by monotypy. Synonymised with Agraeus Candèze, 1857 by Fleutiaux (1931: 74).

Genus Agrypnus Eschscholtz, 1829

Agrypnus Eschscholtz, 1829: 32. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater murinus Linnaeus, 1758: 406, by subsequent designation (Curtis 1838: 694), see Sánchez-Ruiz (1996: 43).

Mecynocanthus Hope, 1837: 53. Gender: masculine. Type species: Mecynocanthus unicolor Hope, 1837: 53, by monotypy. Synonymised with Agrypnus Eschscholtz, 1829 by Hayek (1973: 113).

Agripnus: Laporte 1838: 10 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Tylotarsus Germar, 1840: 247. Gender: masculine. Type species: Tylotarsus cinctipes Germar, 1840: 248, by monotypy. Synonymised with Agrypnus Eschscholtz, 1829 by Hayek (1973: 113).

Tilotarsus: Candèze 1857: 86 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Myrmodes Candèze, 1857: 168. Gender: masculine. Type species: Myrmodes akidiformis Candèze, 1857: 169, by monotypy. Synonymised with Agrypnus Eschscholtz, 1829 by Hayek (1973: 113).

Archontas Gozis, 1886: 23. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater murinus Linnaeus, 1758: 406, by monotypy. Junior objective synonym of Agrypnus Eschscholtz, 1829.

Pseudolacon Blackburn, 1890: 89. Gender: masculine. Type species: Pseudolacon rufus Blackburn, 1890: 90, by monotypy. Synonymised with Agrypnus Eschscholtz, 1829 by Hayek (1973: 113).

Homoeolacon Blackburn, 1890: 90. Gender: masculine. Type species: Homoeolacon gracilis Blackburn,1890: 91, by monotypy. Synonymised with Agrypnus Eschscholtz, 1829 by Hayek (1973: 113).

Enoploderes Schwarz, 1898a: 131. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater cuspidatus Klug, 1833: 66, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Enoploderes Faldermann, 1837: 309 [Coleoptera: Cerambycidae].

Centrostethus Schwarz, 1898b: 414. Gender: masculine. Replacement name for Enoploderes Schwarz, 1898a. Synonymised with Agrypnus Eschscholtz, 1829 by Hayek (1973: 113).

Paralacon Reitter, 1905: 6. Gender: masculine. Type species: Lacon cinnamomeus Candèze, 1874: 76, by monotypy. Synonymised with Agrypnus Eschscholtz, 1829 by Hayek (1973: 113).

Centhrostethus: Hyslop 1921: 634 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Aprypnus: Winkler and Buysson in Winkler, 1925: 578 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Tyloarsus: Fleutiaux 1934b: 59 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Colaulon Arnett, 1952: 116. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater rectangularis Say, 1825: 263, by original designation. Synonymised with Agrypnus Eschscholtz, 1829 by Hayek (1973: 113).

Agryphus: Arnett 1955: 611 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Cryptolacon Nakane & Kishii, 1955: 1. Gender: masculine. Type species: Cryptolacon miyamotoi Nakane & Kishii, 1955: 1, by original designation. Synonymised with Agrypnus Eschscholtz, 1829 by Hayek (1973: 113).

Sabikikorius Nakane & Kishii, 1955: 3. Gender: masculine. Type species: Lacon fuliginosus Candèze, 1865: 10, by original designation. Synonymised with Agrypnus Eschscholtz, 1829 by Hayek (1973: 113).

Sagojyo Kishii, 1964: 30. Gender: masculine. Type species: Colaulon (Sagojyo) yuppe Kishii, 1964: 31, by original designation. Synonymised with Agrypnus Eschscholtz, 1829 by Hayek (1973: 113).

Archontoides Cobos, 1966: 651. Gender: masculine. Type species: Archontoides pretoriensis Cobos, 1966: 652, by monotypy. Synonymised with Agrypnus Eschscholtz, 1829 by Hayek (1973: 113).

Pyrganus Golbach, 1968: 198. Gender: masculine. Type species: Lacon tuspanensis Candèze, 1857: 157, by original designation. Synonymised with Agrypnus Eschscholtz, 1829 by Hayek (1973: 113).

Sagojo: Ôhira 1968: 364 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Homeolacon: Hayek 1973: 113. [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Candanius Hayek, 1973

Anius Candèze, 1889: 103. Gender: masculine. Type species: Anius gracillimus Candèze, 1889: 103, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Anius Pascoe, 1885: 312 [Coleoptera: Curculionidae].

Candanius Hayek, 1973: 85. Gender: masculine. Replacement name for Anius Candèze, 1889.

Genus Carlota Arias-Bohart, 2014

Carlota Arias-Bohart, 2014: 59. Gender: feminine. Type species: Carlota coigue Arias-Bohart, 2014: 60, by original designation.

Genus Christinea Gurjeva, 1987

Christinea Gurjeva, 1987: 39. Gender: feminine. Type species: Christinea mirabilis Gurjeva, 1987: 39, by original designation.

Genus Compsolacon Reitter, 1905

Compsolacon Reitter, 1905: 6. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater crenicollis Ménétriés, 1832: 156, by monotypy. Removed from synonymy with Agrypnus Eschscholtz, 1829 by Gurjeva (1977: 793); generic status confirmed by Prosvirov and Savitsky (2011: 760).

Neolacon Miwa, 1929: 234. Gender: masculine. Type species: Neolacon formosanus Miwa, 1929: 235, by original designation. Synonymised with Compsolacon Reitter, 1905 by Miwa (1934: 14).

Nealacon: Miwa 1930: 91 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Campsolacon: Gurjeva 1974b: 72 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Compresselater Platia & Gudenzi, 2006

Compresselater Platia & Gudenzi, 2006: 132. Gender: masculine. Type species: Compresselater bicolor Platia & Gudenzi, 2006: 133, by original designation.

Genus Danosoma C.G. Thomson, 1859

Danosoma C.G. Thomson, 1859: 103. Gender: neuter. Type species: Elater conspersus Gyllenhal, 1808: 377, by original designation.

Delox: Quelle 1932: 208 [unavailable name, no type species originally designated (ICZN 1999, Art. 13.3); not made available subsequently, Arnett (1955: 607) listed it in synonymy with Danosoma CG Thomson, 1859].

Danasoma: Gülperçin and Tezcan 2010: 2 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Dilobitarsus Latreille, 1834

Dilobitarsus Latreille, 1834: 142. Gender: masculine. Type species: Dilobitarsus tuberculatus Latreille, 1834: 143 (syn. of Elater bidens Fabricius, 1801: 227), by monotypy.

Dilobotarsus Agassiz, 1846: 124. Gender: masculine. Unjustified emendation of Dilobitarsus Latreille, 1834, not in prevailing usage.

Anacantha Solier, 1851: 18. Gender: feminine. Type species: Anacantha sulcicollis Solier, 1851: 18, by original designation. Synonymised with Dilobitarsus Latreille, 1834 by Hayek (1973: 93).

Genus Eidolus Candèze, 1857

Eidolus Candèze, 1857: 178. Gender: masculine. Type species: Eidolus linearis Candèze, 1857: 179, by monotypy.

Genus Elasmosomus Schwarz, 1902

Elasmosomus Schwarz, 1902a: 212. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elasmosomus fasciculatus Schwarz, 1902a: 214, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 643).

Genus Hemicleus Candèze, 1857

Hemicleus Candèze, 1857: 180. Gender: masculine. Type species: Hemicleus caffer Candèze, 1857: 181, by monotypy.

Genus Lacon Laporte, 1838

Lepidotus Stephens, 1830: 374. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater varius Olivier, 1790: 32 (syn. of Elater querceus Herbst, 1784: 113), by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 652). Preoccupied by Lepidotus Asso, 1801: 38 [Pisces].

Lacon Laporte, 1838: 11. Gender masculine (1). Type species: Elater atomarius Fabricius, 1798: 139 (syn. of Elater punctatus Herbst, 1784: 110), by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 652).

Pangaura Gistel, 1856: 366. Gender: feminine. Type species: Elater varius Olivier, 1790: 32 (syn. of Elater querceus Herbst, 1784: 113), by Sánchez-Ruiz (1996: 44). Senior objective synonym of Zalepia Arnett, 1953.

Ocneus Candèze, 1857: 84. Gender: masculine. Type species: Ocneus limbatus Candèze, 1857: 85, by monotypy. Synonymised with Lacon Laporte, 1838 by Hayek (1973: 52).

Ochneus: Desmarest 1860: 24 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Scelisus Candèze, 1863: 327. Gender: masculine. Type species: Scelisus sanguineus Candèze, 1863: 328, by monotypy. Synonymised with Lacon Laporte, 1838 by Hayek (1973: 52).

Alaotypus Schwarz, 1902b: 307. Gender: masculine.Type species: Alaotypus subpectinatus Schwarz, 1902b: 308, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 625). Synonymised with Adelocera Latreille, 1829 (sensu auct., = Lacon Laporte, 1838) by Fleutiaux (1918b: 183); syn. of Lacon Laporte, 1838 (see Hayek 1973: 52).

Aulacon Arnett, 1952: 112. Gender: masculine. Type species: Adelocera nobilis Fall, 1932: 58, by original designation. Synonymised with Lacon Laporte, 1838 by Hayek (1973: 53).

Diphyaulon Arnett, 1952: 111. Gender: neuter. Type species: Adelocera pyrsolepis LeConte, 1866: 389, by original designation. Synonymised with Lacon Laporte, 1838 by Hayek (1973: 53).

Zalepia Arnett, 1953: 7. Gender: feminine. Replacement name for Lepidotus Stephens, 1830. Synonymised with Lacon Laporte, 1838 by Hayek (1973: 53). Junior objective synonym of Pangaura Gistel, 1856.

Kobulacon Chûjô & Ôhira, 1965: 2. Gender: masculine. Type species: Lacon quadrinodatus Lewis, 1894: 28, by original designation. Synonymised with Lacon Laporte, 1838 by Hayek (1973: 53).

Arnettia Golbach, 1969b: 155. Gender: feminine. Type species: Adelocera aberrans Candèze, 1874: 23, by monotypy. Synonymised with Lacon Laporte, 1838 by Hayek (1973: 53).

Cornilacon Golbach, 1969b: 158. Gender: masculine. Type species: Adelocera longicornis Champion, 1894: 261, by original designation. Synonymised with Lacon Laporte, 1838 by Hayek (1973: 53).

Latilacon Golbach, 1969b: 158. Gender: masculine. Type species: Adelocera laticollis Candèze, 1857: 59, by original designation. Synonymised with Lacon Laporte, 1838 by Hayek (1973: 53).

Monocyrton Golbach, 1969b: 156. Gender: neuter. Type species: Adelocera chabannii Guérin-Méneville, 1829: plate 12, by original designation. Synonymised with Lacon Laporte, 1838 by Hayek (1973: 53).

Lepidelater Smith in Arnett et al. 1969: 11. Gender: masculine. Type species: Lepidelater misticius Mignot in Arnett et al. 1969: 12, by original designation. Synonymised with Lacon Laporte, 1838 by Hayek (1973: 53).

Lason: Dolin 1978: 6 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Alaeotypus: Carpenter 1992: 305 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Lobotarsus Schwarz, 1898

Lobotarsus Schwarz, 1898a: 131. Gender: masculine. Type species: Lobotarsus decoratus Schwarz, 1898a: 131, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 653). Synonymised with Agrypnus Eschscholtz, 1829 by Hayek (1973: 113) but removed from synonymy by Girard (2017: 27).

Lobitarsus: Fleutiaux 1935: 93 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Meristhus Candèze, 1857

Meristhus Candèze, 1857: 162. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater lepidotus Palisot de Beauvois, 1805: 11, by subsequent designation (Desmarest 1860: 24).

Subgenus Meristhus Candèze, 1857

Meristhus Candèze, 1857: 162. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater lepidotus Palisot de Beauvois, 1805: 11, by subsequent designation (Desmarest 1860: 24).

Rhaciaspis Arnett, 1952: 121. Gender: feminine. Type species: Elater lepidotus Palisot de Beauvois, 1805: 11, by original designation. Junior objective synonym of Meristhus Candèze, 1857.

Rhasciapis: Golbach 1969a: 141 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Meristus: Dolin 1975: 1625 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Subgenus Sulcimerus Arnett, 1955

Sulcimerus: Fleutiaux 1947a: 255 [unavailable name, no type species originally designated (ICZN 1999, Art. 13.3)].

Sulcimerus Arnett, 1955: 617. Gender: masculine. Type species: Meristhus quadripunctatus Candèze, 1857: 163, by original designation.

Genus Octocryptus Candèze, 1892

Octocryptus Candèze, 1892: 486. Gender: masculine. Type species: Octocryptus cardoni Candèze, 1892: 487, by monotypy.

Octorcryptus: Gurjeva 1974b: 72 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Optaleus Candèze, 1857

Optaleus Candèze, 1857: 86. Gender: masculine. Type species: Optaleus limbatus Candèze, 1857: 87, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 660).

Opatelus: Hayek 1973: 6 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Rismethus Fleutiaux, 1947

Rismethus Fleutiaux, 1947a: 257. Gender: masculine. Type species: Meristhus scobinula Candèze, 1857: 164, by original designation.

Genus Saudilacon Chassain, 1983

Saudilacon Chassain, 1983: 138. Gender: masculine. Type species: Saudilacon ochraceus Chassain, 1983: 138, by original designation.

Genus Scaphoderus Candèze, 1857

Scaphoderus Candèze, 1857: 46. Gender: masculine. Type species: Scaphoderus riehlii Candèze, 1857: 46, by monotypy.

Bruyantius Fleutiaux, 1925: 101. Gender: masculine. Type species: Bruyantius capensis Fleutiaux, 1925: 102, by monotypy. Synonymised with Scaphoderus Candèze, 1857 by Hayek (1973: 51).

Genus Stangellus Golbach, 1975

Stangellus Golbach, 1975: 256. Gender: masculine. Type species: Stangellus bucheri Golbach, 1975: 257, by monotypy.

Genus Sulcilacon Fleutiaux, 1927

Sulcilacon Fleutiaux, 1927a: 65. Gender: masculine. Type species: Adelocera geographica Candèze, 1865: 7, by original designation. Synonymised with Lacon Laporte, 1838 by Hayek (1973: 52) but removed from synonymy by Girard (2017: 7).

Genus Trieres Candèze, 1900

Trieres Candèze, 1900: 78. Gender feminine (2). Type species: Trieres ramitarsus Candèze, 1900: 78, by monotypy.

Triers: Hayek 1973: 7, 239 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Tribe Anaissini Golbach, 1984

Alampina Costa, 1975: 54. Type genus: Alampes Champion, 1896 [preoccupied genus name, not Alampes Horváth, 1884 [Hemiptera: Lygaeidae]]; permanently invalid (Art. 39): based on preoccupied type genus.

Anaissini Golbach, 1984: 81. Type genus: Anaissus Candèze, 1857.

Genus Agnostelater Costa, 1975

Agnostelater Costa, 1975: 55. Gender: masculine. Type species: Pyrophorus mesochrous Germar, 1843: 91, by original designation.

Genus Alampoides Schwarz, 1906a

Alampoides Schwarz, 1906a: 216. Gender: masculine. Type species: Pyrophorus submaculatus Schwarz, 1902a: 287, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 625).

Genus Anaissus Candèze, 1857

Anaissus Candèze, 1857: 187. Gender: masculine. Type species: Anaissus tarsalis Candèze, 1857: 188, by monotypy.

Subgenus Anaissus Candèze, 1857

Anaissus Candèze, 1857: 187. Gender: masculine. Type species: Anaissus tarsalis Candèze, 1857: 188, by monotypy.

Subgenus Auctumnalis Calder, 1978

Auctumnalis Calder, 1978: 303. Gender: masculine. Type species: Anaissus aurantium Calder, 1978: 303, by original designation.

Genus Coctilelater Costa, 1975

Coctilelater Costa, 1975: 64. Gender: masculine. Type species: Alampes corymbitoides Candèze, 1900: 95, by original designation.

Genus Peralampes Johnson, 2002

Alampes Champion, 1896: 474. Gender: masculine. Type species: Alampes vestitus Champion, 1896: 474, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 624). Preoccupied by Alampes Horváth, 1884: 10 [Hemiptera: Lygaeidae].

Peralampes Johnson, 2002b: 16. Gender: masculine. Replacement name for Alampes Champion, 1896.

Tribe Euplinthini Costa, 1975

Euplinthina Costa, 1975: 66. Type genus: Euplinthus Costa, 1975. Bouchard et al. (2011) acted as First Revisers (ICZN 1999, Art. 24.2) (Compsoplinthina Costa, 1975 vs. Euplinthina Costa, 1975)].

Subtribe Cleidecostina Johnson, 2002

Heligmini Costa, 1975: 53. Type genus: Heligmus Candèze, 1865 [preoccupied genus name, not Heligmus Dujardin, 1845 [Nematoda]]; permanently invalid (ICZN 1999, Art. 39): based on preoccupied type genus (see Bouchard et al. 2011).

Cleidecostini Johnson, 2002b: 16. Type genus: Cleidecosta Johnson, 2002. Replacement name for Heligmini Costa, 1975 because of the homonymy of the type genus.

Genus Cleidecosta Johnson, 2002

Heligmus Candèze, 1865: 52. Gender: masculine. Type species: Heligmus glyphoderus Candèze, 1865: 52, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Heligmus Dujardin, 1845: 147 [Nematoda].

Cleidecosta Johnson, 2002b: 16. Gender: feminine. Replacement name for Heligmus Candèze, 1865.

Genus Meroplinthus Candèze, 1891

Meroplinthus Candèze, 1891: 163. Gender: masculine. Type species: Pyrophorus trinotatus Candèze, 1882: 91, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 657).

Meorplinthus: Gurjeva 1974b: 72 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Pyrischius Hyslop, 1921

Ischius Candèze, 1857: 195. Gender: masculine. Type species: Ischius gerstaeckeri Candèze, 1857: 196, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Ischius Wesmael, 1837: 20 [Hymenoptera].

Pyrischius Hyslop, 1921: 668. Gender: masculine. Replacement name for Ischius Candèze, 1857.

Subtribe Compsoplinthina Costa, 1975

Compsoplinthina Costa, 1975: 71. Type genus: Compsoplinthus Costa, 1975.

Genus Compsoplinthus Costa, 1975

Compsoplinthus Costa, 1975: 71. Gender: masculine. Type species: Pyrophorus ruber Candèze, 1878b: clxix, by original designation.

Subtribe Euplinthina Costa, 1975

Euplinthina Costa, 1975: 66. Type genus: Euplinthus Costa, 1975.

Genus Arcanelater Costa, 1975

Arcanelater Costa, 1975: 66. Gender: masculine. Type species: Pyrophorus spurius Germar, 1841: 56, by original designation.

Genus Euplinthus Costa, 1975

Euplinthus Costa, 1975: 67. Gender: masculine. Type species: Monocrepidius ophthalmicus Perty, 1830: 21, by original designation.

Genus Paraphileus Candèze, 1882

Paraphileus Candèze, 1882: 92. Gender: masculine. Type species: Aphanobius thoreyi Germar, 1844: 188, by monotypy.

Tribe Drilini Blanchard, 1845

Drilites Blanchard, 1845: 53. Type genus: Drilus Olivier, 1790.

Genus Drilus Olivier, 1790

Drilus Olivier, 1790: [23] 1. Gender: masculine. Type species: Ptilinus flavescens Geoffroy, 1785: 4, by monotypy.

Cochleoctonus Mielzinsky, 1824: 74. Gender: masculine. Type species: Cochleoctonus vorax Mielzinsky, 1824: 75, by monotypy. Synonymised with Drilus Olivier, 1790 by Desmarest (1824: 268).

Genus Flabelloselasia Kundrata & Bocak, 2017

Flabelloselasia Kundrata & Bocak, 2017: 443. Gender: feminine. Type species: Flabelloselasia oculata Kundrata & Bocak, 2017: 445, by original designation.

Genus Kupeselasia Kundrata & Bocak, 2017

Kupeselasia Kundrata & Bocak, 2017: 448. Gender: feminine. Type species: Kupeselasia minuta Kundrata & Bocak, 2017: 450, by original designation.

Genus Lolosia Kundrata & Bocak, 2017

Lolosia Kundrata & Bocak, 2017: 452. Gender: feminine. Type species: Lolosia transversalis Kundrata & Bocak, 2017: 454, by original designation.

Genus Malacogaster Bassi, 1834

Malacogaster Bassi, 1834: pl. 99. Gender: feminine. Type species: Malacogaster passerinii Bassi, 1834: pl. 99, by monotypy.

Genus Microselasia Kundrata & Bocak, 2017

Microselasia Kundrata & Bocak, 2017: 455. Gender: feminine. Type species: Microselasia obscura Kundrata & Bocak, 2017: 467, by original designation.

Genus Selasia Laporte, 1838

Selasia Laporte, 1838: 19. Gender: feminine. Type species: Selasia rhipiceroides Laporte, 1838: 20, by monotypy.

Genus Wittmerselasia Kundrata & Bocak, 2017

Wittmerselasia Kundrata & Bocak, 2017: 470. Gender: feminine. Type species: Wittmerselasia camerooniana Kundrata & Bocak, 2017: 473, by original designation.

Subgenus Wittmerselasia Kundrata & Bocak, 2017

Wittmerselasia Kundrata & Bocak, 2017: 470. Gender: feminine. Type species: Wittmerselasia camerooniana Kundrata & Bocak, 2017: 473, by original designation.

Subgenus Latoselasia Kundrata & Bocak, 2017

Latoselasia Kundrata & Bocak, 2017: 481. Gender: feminine. Type species: Latoselasia similis Kundrata & Bocak, 2017: 483, by original designation.

Tribe Hemirhipini Candèze, 1857

Hémirhipides Candèze, 1857: 199. Type genus: Hemirhipus Berthold, 1827.

Subtribe Hemirhipina Candèze, 1857

Hémirhipides Candèze, 1857: 199. Type genus: Hemirhipus Berthold, 1827. First Reviser (ICZN 1999, Art. 24.2) found (Hemirhipini Candèze, 1857 vs. Chalcolepidiini Candèze, 1857) is Casari-Chen (1985: 392).

Chalcolépidiides Candèze, 1857: 257. Type genus: Chalcolepidius Eschscholtz, 1829.

Alaites Candèze, 1874: 112. Type genus: Alaus Eschscholtz, 1829.

Chalcolepidina: Leng 1920: 167 [incorrect stem formation (ICZN 1999, Art. 29.3)].

Hemirrhipininae: Miwa 1927: 12 [incorrect stem formation (ICZN 1999, Art. 29.3)].

Alauinae Laurent, 1974: 16. Type genus: Alaus Eschscholtz, 1829 [proposed as new without reference to Alaites Candèze, 1874; incorrect original stem formation, not in prevailing usage].

Genus Alaolacon Candèze, 1865

Alaolacon Candèze, 1865: 13. Gender: masculine. Type species: Alaolacon cyanipennis Candèze, 1865: 13, by monotypy.

Eumoeus Candèze, 1874: 113. Gender: masculine. Type species: Eumoeus murrayi Candèze, 1874: 113, by original designation. Synonymised with Alaolacon Candèze, 1865 by Arimoto & Arimoto (2017: 88).

Luzonicus Fleutiaux, 1916a: 232. Gender: masculine. Type species: Luzonicus bakeri Fleutiaux, 1916a: 232, by monotypy. Synonymised with Eumoeus Candèze, 1874 by Fleutiaux (1947a: 306).

Tharopsides Fleutiaux, 1918a: 235. Gender: masculine. Type species: Tharopsides harmandi Fleutiaux, 1918a: 235, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 671). Synonymised with Eumoeus by Fleutiaux (1928b: 178).

Eumaeus: Fleutiaux 1941b: 40 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage.

Genus Alaomorphus Hauser, 1900

Alaomorphus Hauser, 1900: 141. Gender: masculine. Type species: Alaomorphus candezei Hauser, 1900: 143, by monotypy.

Genus Alaus Eschscholtz, 1829

Alaus Eschscholtz, 1829: 33. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater oculatus Linnaeus, 1758: 404, by subsequent designation (Duponchel 1840: 242).

Lamprias Gistel, 1834: 11. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater oculatus Linnaeus, 1758: 404, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Lamprias Bonelli, 1810: Tabula Synoptica [Coleoptera: Carabidae]. Junior objective synonym of Alaus Eschscholtz, 1829. Unnecesarily synonymised with Alaus Eschscholtz, 1829 by Bousquet & Bouchard (2017: 124).

Alans: Desmarest 1860: 25 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Olaüs: Fairmaire 1878: 279 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Aliteus Candèze, 1857

Aliteus Candèze, 1857: 197. Gender: masculine. Type species: Alaus reichei Candèze, 1857: 197, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 625).

Genus Aphileus Candèze, 1857

Aphileus Candèze, 1857: 184. Gender: masculine. Type species: Aphileus lucanoides Candèze, 1857: 184, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 628).

Dorcostoma Newman, 1857: 52. Gender: neuter. Type species: Elater jansoni Newman, 1857: 52, by monotypy. Synonymised with Aphileus Candèze, 1857 by Harold (1869: 1496).

Ophileus: Desmarest 1860: pl. 16 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Austrocalais Neboiss, 1967

Austrocalais Neboiss, 1967: 261. Gender: masculine. Type species: Austrocalais pogonodes Neboiss, 1967: 261, by original designation.

Genus Calais Laporte, 1838

Calais Laporte, 1838: 9. Gender: masculine. Type species: Calais senegalensis Laporte, 1838: 9 (syn. of Elater excavatus Fabricius, 1801: 230), by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 632). The names Calais Rafinesque (1815: 99) [Crustacea] and Calais Boisduval (1836: 584) [Lepidoptera; see Hemming (1967)] are unavailable.

Genus Catelanus Fleutiaux, 1942

Catelanus Fleutiaux, 1942: 112. Gender: masculine. Type species: Hemirhipus trilineatus Laporte, 1838: 12, by monotypy.

Catelaus: Schimmel and Tarnawski 2012: 16 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Chalcolepidinus Pjatakowa, 1941

Chalcolepidinus Pjatakowa, 1941: 104. Gender: masculine. Type species: Chalcolepidinus albopilosus Pjatakowa, 1941: 105, by original designation.

Genus Chalcolepidius Eschscholtz, 1829

Chalcolepidius Eschscholtz, 1829: 32. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater sulcatus Fabricius, 1777: 234, by subsequent designation (Duponchel 1843a: 371).

Charmionus Gistel, 1834: 11. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater porcatus Linnaeus, 1767: 652, by subsequent designation (Bousquet and Bouchard 2017: 124). Synonymised with Chalcolepidius Eschscholtz, 1829 by Bousquet and Bouchard (2017: 124).

Hypomochlius Gistel, 1848b: 128. Gender: masculine. Unnecessary replacement name for Chalcolepidius Eschscholtz, 1829.

Chalcolepidus: Woodworth 1913: 197 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Chalcolepis Candèze, 1857

Chalcolepis Candèze, 1857: 244. Gender: feminine. Type species: Chalcolepis luczotii Candèze, 1857: 245, by monotypy.

Chalcopedis: Desmarest 1860: 25 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Chacolepis: Vats and Kashyap 1992: 193 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Conobajulus Van Zwaluwenburg, 1940

Conobajulus Van Zwaluwenburg, 1940: 95. Gender: masculine. Type species: Conobajulus ugiensis Van Zwaluwenburg, 1940: 96, by original designation.

Genus Coryleus Fleutiaux, 1942

Coryleus Fleutiaux, 1942: 94. Gender: masculine. Type species: Coryleus desruisseauxi Fleutiaux, 1942: 94, by monotypy.

Genus Cryptalaus Ôhira, 1967

Cryptalaus Ôhira, 1967b: 97. Gender: masculine. Type species: Alaus putridus Candèze, 1857: 233, by original designation.

Paracalais Neboiss, 1967: 261. Gender: masculine. Type species: Alaus suboculatus Candèze, 1857: 229, by original designation. Synonymised with Cryptalaus Ôhira, 1967 by Ôhira (1990: 21).

Clyptalaus: Ôhira 1990: 20 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Cryotalaus: Ôhira 1993: 33 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Crytalaus: Jiang 1993: 26 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Paracalis: Casari and Costa 1998: 703 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Euphemus Laporte, 1838

Euphemus Laporte, 1838: 7. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater fasciatus Drury, 1782: pl. XLVIII (syn. of Elater quadrimaculatus Olivier, 1790: 20), by monotypy. The name Euphemus Rafinesque, 1815: 144 [Mollusca; see Bieler and Petit 2011] is unavailable.

Eleuphemus Hyslop, 1921: 644. Gender: masculine. Unnecessary replacement name for Euphemus Laporte, 1838.

Genus Fusimorphus Fleutiaux, 1942

Fusimorphus Fleutiaux, 1942: 116. Gender: masculine. Type species: Hemirhipus submetallicus Fleutiaux, 1924: 184, by monotypy.

Genus Hemirhipus Berthold, 1827

Hemirhipus Berthold, 1827: 336. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater lineatus Olivier, 1790: 10, by monotypy.

Hemirrhipus: Laporte 1838: 12 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Hemirhipes: Desmarest 1860: pl. 14 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Hemirhipis: Horn 1886: 137 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Hemirrhypus: Guérin 1953: 156 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Lycoreus Candèze, 1857

Iphis Laporte, 1838: 7. Gender: feminine. Type species: Iphis glauca Laporte, 1838: 8, by subsequent designation (Chevrolat 1845: 106). Preoccupied by Iphis Leach, 1817: 25 [Crustacea: Malacostraca: Decapoda].

Lucarius Gistel, 1848b: ix. Gender: masculine. Replacement name for Iphis Laporte, 1838. Gistel (1848b: xi) also proposed Lucarius as a replacement name for Ocypus Leach, 1819 (Staphylinidae) in the same work. We act as First Revisers (ICZN 1999, Art. 24.2) and give precedence to Lucarius Gistel, 1848a: xi in Staphylinidae and therefore Lucarius Gistel, 1848b: ix in Elateridae is treated as a junior homonym.

Lycoreus Candèze, 1857: 206. Gender: masculine. Replacement name for Iphis Laporte, 1838. This genus has been treated as valid with Lycoreus regalis Candèze, 1857: 209 as its type species by subsequent designation by Hyslop (1921: 654). Candèze (1857: 200, 207) however clearly stated that Lycoreus was proposed as a replacement name for the preoccupied name Iphis Laporte, 1838 and therefore Lycoreus has the same type species.

Abiphis Fleutiaux, 1926: 92. Gender: feminine. Replacement name for Iphis Laporte, 1838. This genus has been treated as valid with Elater nobilis Illiger, 1800: 116 as its type species by original designation. Fleutiaux (1926: 92), however, clearly stated that Abiphis was proposed as a replacement name for the preoccupied name Iphis Laporte, 1838 and therefore Abiphis has the same type species.

Lacais Fleutiaux, 1942: 109. Gender: feminine. Type species: Iphis glauca Laporte, 1838: 8, by monotypy. Junior objective synonym of Iphis Laporte, 1838 and of the replacement names proposed for Iphis.

Genus Mocquerysia Fleutiaux, 1899

Mocquerysia Fleutiaux, 1899: 369. Gender: feminine. Type species: Mocquerysia bicolor Fleutiaux, 1899: 369, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 657).

Moquerisia: Dolin 2000: 19 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Neoabiphis Kundrata & Bouchard, gen. n

Type species: Elater nobilis Illiger, 1800: 116, herein designated. Gender: feminine. Genus Abiphis Fleutiaux, 1926 has been treated as valid with Elater nobilis Illiger, 1800 as its type species by original designation. However, Fleutiaux (1926: 92) clearly stated that Abiphis was proposed as a replacement name for the preoccupied name Iphis Laporte, 1838 and therefore Abiphis has the same type species. Because the name Abiphis is a synonym of genus Lycoreus Candèze, 1857 (= replacement name for Iphis Laporte, 1838), we establish here a new genus based on Elater nobilis Illiger, 1800, which was used as type species for Abiphis. See Casari (2008: 165–166, couplet 12 of her key) for diagnostic character states (ICZN 1999, Art. 13.1.2). All species hitherto classified under Abiphis Fleutiaux, 1926 (see Casari-Chen 1994: 191) are here transferred to Neoabiphis Kundrata & Bouchard, gen. n., and the following new combinations are proposed: N. candezei (Alluaud, 1896), comb. n., N. fairmairei (Fleutiaux, 1903), comb. n., N. goudoti (Fleutiaux, 1942), comb. n., N. insignis (Klug, 1833), comb. n., N. nobilis (Illiger, 1800), comb. n., and N. viettei (Girard, 1966), comb. n.

Genus Neocalais Girard, 1971

Neocalais Girard, 1971: 587. Gender: masculine. Type species: Alaus macer Candèze, 1878a: lv, by original designation.

Genus Neolycoreus Kundrata & Bouchard, gen. n

Type species: Lycoreus regalis Candèze, 1857: 209, herein designated. Gender: masculine. Genus Lycoreus Candèze, 1857 has been treated as valid with Lycoreus regalis Candèze, 1857 as its type species by subsequent designation. However, Candèze (1857: 200, 207) clearly stated that Lycoreus was proposed as a replacement name for the preoccupied name Iphis Laporte, 1838 and therefore Lycoreus has the same type species. Because the name Lycoreus is now treated as a valid replacement name for Iphis Laporte, 1838, we establish here a new genus based on Lycoreus regalis Candèze, 1857, which was used as type species for Lycoreus. See Casari (2008: 166, couplet 15 of her key) for diagnostic character states (ICZN 1999, Art. 13.1.2). Subsequent designation of type species for Lycoreus (i.e., Iphis triocellata Laporte, 1838) by Fleutiaux (1942: 95) was invalid. All species hitherto classified under Lycoreus Candèze, 1857 (see Casari-Chen 1994: 185) are here transferred to Neolycoreus Kundrata & Bouchard, gen. n., and the following new combinations are proposed: N. alluaudi (Candèze, 1900), comb. n., N. corpulentus (Candèze, 1899), comb. n., N. cyclops (Candèze, 1865), comb. n., N. decorsei (Fleutiaux, 1903), comb. n., N. dux (Candèze, 1857), comb. n., N. goudotii (Laporte, 1838), comb. n., N. madagascariensis (Gory, 1832), comb. n., N. oculipennis (Fairmaire, 1903), comb. n., N. orbiculatus (Schwarz, 1901), comb. n., N. regalis (Candèze, 1857), comb. n., N. sicardi (Fleutiaux, 1942), comb. n., N. triangularis (Fleutiaux, 1942), comb. n., N. triocellatus (Laporte, 1838), comb. n., and N. vicinus (Fleutiaux, 1942), comb. n.

Genus Nycterilampus Montrouzier, 1860

Nycterilampus Montrouzier, 1860: 258. Gender: masculine. Type species: Nycterilampus lifuanus Montrouzier, 1860: 258, by monotypy.

Nycterolampus: Fleutiaux 1891: 391 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage]. We follow Costa et al. (2009: 48) in treating this name as an incorrect subsequent spelling of Nycterilampus Montrouzier, 1860.

Genus Pherhimius Fleutiaux, 1942

Pherhimius Fleutiaux, 1942: 114. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater fascicularis Fabricius, 1787: 171, by original designation.

Genus Phertetrigus Schimmel & Tarnawski, 2012

Phertetrigus Schimmel & Tarnawski, 2012: 223. Gender: masculine. Type species: Tetrigus parryi Candèze, 1865: 18, by original designation.

Genus Phibisa Fleutiaux, 1942

Phibisa Fleutiaux, 1942: 105. Gender: feminine. Type species: Ctenicera pupieri Fleutiaux, 1903: 228, by original designation.

Genus Propalaus Casari, 2008

Propalaus Casari, 2008: 164. Gender: masculine. Type species: Chalcolepidius haroldi Candèze, 1878a: lv, by original designation.

Genus Pseudocalais Girard, 1971

Pseudocalais Girard, 1971: 588. Gender: masculine. Type species: Alaus longipennis Schwarz, 1900: 145, by original designation.

Genus Punctodensus Patwardhan, Schimmel & Athalye, 2009

Punctodensus Patwardhan, Schimmel & Athalye, 2009: 54. Gender: masculine. Type species: Punctodensus indicus Patwardhan, Schimmel & Athalye, 2009: 55, by original designation.

Genus Saltamartinus Casari, 1996

Saltamartinus Casari, 1996: 386. Gender: masculine. Type species: Hemirhipus decorus Candèze 1857: 254, by original designation.

Genus Thoramus Sharp, 1877

Thoramus Sharp, 1877: 399. Gender: masculine. Type species: Thoramus wakefieldi Sharp, 1877: 399, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 672).

Subtribe Ludioctenina Jakobson, 1913

Ludioctenina Jakobson, 1913: 755. Type genus: Ludioctenus Fairmaire, 1893.

Tetrigusina Schimmel & Tarnawski, 2012: 116. Type genus: Tetrigus Candèze, 1857. The correct stem based on genus Tetrigus is Tetrig-, however Schimmel and Tarnawski (2012) used the whole genus name as stem (as required by ICZN 1999, Art. 29.6) in order to avoid homonymy with Tetrigidae Rambur, 1838: 64, previously established in the order Orthoptera.

Genus Collisarius Schimmel & Tarnawski, 2012

Collisarius Schimmel & Tarnawski, 2012: 118. Gender: masculine. Type species: Tetrigus bakeri Fleutiaux, 1941a: 18, by original designation.

Genus Cuneateus Schimmel & Tarnawski, 2012

Cuneateus Schimmel & Tarnawski, 2012: 118. Gender: masculine. Type species: Cuneateus jingkei Schimmel & Tarnawski, 2012: 144, by original designation.

Genus Ludioctenus Fairmaire, 1893

Ludioctenus Fairmaire, 1893: lxviii. Gender: masculine. Type species: Ludioctenus akbesianus Fairmaire, 1893: lxix (syn. of Tetrigus cyprius Baudi di Selve, 1871: 50), by monotypy. Previously considered as a synonym of Tetrigus Candèze, 1857 but removed from synonymy by Schimmel & Tarnawski (2012: 117).

Elatrigus Reitter, 1905: 10. Gender: masculine. Type species: Tetrigus cyprius Baudi di Selve, 1871: 50, by monotypy. Synonymised with Ludioctenus Fairmaire, 1893 by Winkler & Buysson in Winkler (1925: 580).

Genus Platianellus Schimmel & Tarnawski, 2012

Platianellus Schimmel & Tarnawski, 2012: 116. Gender: masculine. Type species: Platianellus casariae Schimmel & Tarnawski, 2012: 165, by original designation.

Genus Tetrigus Candèze, 1857

Tetrigus Candèze, 1857: 254. Gender: masculine. Type species: Tetrigus parallelus Candèze, 1857: 255, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 671).

Tribe Oophorini Gistel, 1848

Oophoridae Gistel, 1848a: [5]. Type genus: Oophorus Dejean, 1833 (syn. of Aeolus Eschscholtz, 1829).

Monocrépidiites Candèze, 1859: 176. Type genus: Monocrepidius Eschscholtz, 1829 (syn. of Conoderus Eschscholtz, 1829).

Drasteriini Houlbert, 1912: 184. Type genus: Drasterius Eschscholtz, 1829. Not Drasteriini Wiltshire, 1976: 160 (Lepidoptera); see Bouchard et al. (2011).

Aeolina: Jakobson 1913: 747. Type genus: Aeolus Eschscholtz, 1829. Unavailable family-group name; see Bouchard et al. (2011).

Conoderinae Fleutiaux, 1919: 58. Type genus: Conoderus Eschscholtz, 1829. Not Conoderinae Schönherr, 1833: 26 (Coleoptera: Curculionidae); see Bouchard et al. (2011).

Pachyderinae Fleutiaux, 1919: 57. Type genus: Pachyderes Guérin-Méneville, 1829.

Monocrepidina: Leng 1920: 167 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Canoderinae: Miwa 1927: 12 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Monocorepidiinae: Mouchet 1950: 186 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Aeoloderma Fleutiaux, 1928

Aeoloderma Fleutiaux, 1928a: 135. Gender: neuter. Type species: Elater crucifer Rossi, 1790: 183, by original designation.

Aeloderma: Fleutiaux 1928a: 135 [unavailable name, incorrect original spelling not in prevailing usage (ICZN 1999, Art. 19.3)]; First Reviser (Art. 24.2): Fleutiaux (1930: 273).

Aeleoderma: Fleutiaux 1932a: 15 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Aeolocerma: Miwa 1934: 243 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Atoloderma: Fleutiaux 1934a: 182 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Aoloderma: Platia and Marini 1990: 32 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Aeoloides Schwarz, 1906

Aeoloides Schwarz, 1906a: 109. Gender: masculine. Type species: Heteroderes sequester Candèze, 1859: 378, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 624).

Genus Aeolosomus Dolin, 1982

Aeolosomus Dolin, 1982: 106. Gender: masculine. Type species: Cryptohypnus rossii Germar, 1844: 148, original designation.

Aolosomus: Platia and Marini 1990: 33 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Aeolus Eschscholtz, 1829

Aeolus Eschscholtz, 1829: 33. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater scriptus Fabricius, 1801: 244, by subsequent designation (Lacordaire 1857: 187).

Oophorus Dejean, 1833: 93. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater elegans Fabricius, 1792: 230, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 659). Synonymised with Aeolus Eschscholtz, 1829 by Cate et al. (2007: 104).

Trypheus Gistel, 1834: 12. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater elegans Fabricius, 1792: 230, by monotypy. Junior objective synonym of Oophorus Dejean, 1833 (also see Bousquet and Bouchard 2017: 125).

Aelus: Chagnon 1935: 133 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Aiolus: Wilson 1941: 26 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Aeolous: Dolin 1978: 4 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Apochresis Candèze, 1882

Apochresis Candèze, 1882: 46. Gender: feminine. Type species: Apochresis aspera Candèze, 1882: 46, by monotypy [the spelling asper is an incorrect original spelling].

Genus Babadrasterius Ôhira, 1994

Babadrasterius Ôhira, 1994: 224. Gender: masculine. Type species: Babadrasterius urabensis Ôhira, 1994: 224, by original designation.

Genus Deronocus Johnson, 1997

Deroconus Johnson, 1995: 60. Gender: masculine. Type species: Ctenicera sleeperi Becker, 1973: 1529, by original designation. Preoccupied by Deroconus Jekel, 1854: 9bis [Coleoptera: Curculionidae].

Deronocus Johnson, 1997: 284. Gender: masculine. Replacement name for Deroconus Johnson, 1995.

Genus Drasterius Eschscholtz, 1829

Drasterius Eschscholtz, 1829: 33. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater bimaculatus Rossi, 1790: 182, by subsequent designation (Curtis 1838: 694), see Sánchez-Ruiz (1996: 48).

Dresterius: Brullé 1832: 141 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Epistrophus Gistel, 1834: 12. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater bimaculatus Rossi, 1790: 182, by monotypy. Junior objective synonym of Drasterius Eschscholtz, 1829 (also see Bousquet and Bouchard 2017: 126).

Prodrasterius Fleutiaux, 1927b: 91. Gender: masculine. Type species: Drasterius brahminus Candèze, 1859: 426, by monotypy. Synonymised with Drasterius Eschscholtz, 1829 by Platia & Schimmel (1997: 300).

Draesterius: Leseigneur 1955: 86 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Prodratsreius: Schimmel and Tarnawski 2012: 12 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Gahanus Platia, 2012

Gahanus Platia, 2012: 132. Gender: masculine. Type species: Gahanus socotranus Platia, 2012: 133, by original designation.

Genus Grammephorus Solier, 1851

Grammephorus Solier, 1851: 20. Gender: masculine. Type species: Grammephorus rufipennis Solier, 1851: 21, by monotypy.

Grammophorus: Candèze 1859: 417 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Hartenius Platia, 2007

Hartenius Platia, 2007: 200. Gender: masculine. Type species: Hartenius narci Platia, 2007: 200, by original designation.

Genus Heteroderes Latreille, 1834

Heteroderes Latreille, 1834: 155. Gender: masculine. Type species: Heteroderes fuscus Latreille, 1834: 155, by monotypy.

Exaeolus Gozis, 1886: 22. Gender: masculine. Type species: Oophorus algirinus Lucas, 1847: 166, by original designation. Synonymised with Heteroderes Latreille, 1834 by Schenkling (1925: 126). Górriz (1902: 180) and Schwarz (1906a: 106) had treated the type species of Exaeolus Gozis, 1886 as belonging under Heteroderes Latreille, 1834 without formally proposing the synonymy of Exaeolus with Heteroderes.

Heterodes: Sánchez-Ruiz & Sáez-Bolaño, 1994: 121 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Melanthoides Candèze, 1865

Melanthoides Candèze, 1865: 23. Gender: masculine. Type species: Melanthoides latimanus Candèze, 1865: 24, by monotypy.

Malanthoides: Dolin 1975: 1626 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Monocrepidius Eschscholtz, 1829

Conoderus Eschscholtz, 1829: 31. Gender: masculine. Type species: Conoderus fuscofasciatus Eschscholtz, 1829: 31, by subsequent designation (Duponchel 1843b: 188).

Monocrepidius Eschscholtz, 1829: 31. Gender: masculine. Type species: Monocrepidius pallipes Eschscholtz, 1829: 32, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 657). First Reviser (Art. 24.2) found (Monocrepidius Eschscholtz, 1829 vs. Conoderus Eschscholtz, 1829) is Germar (1839: 223); see Sánchez-Ruiz (1996: 184).

Monocepidius: Henshaw 1885: 67 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Silene Broun, 1893: 1135. Gender: feminine. Type species: Silene brunnea Broun, 1893: 1136, by monotypy. Synonymised with Conoderus Eschscholtz, 1829 by Calder (1996: 79).

Monocrepedius: Schaeffer 1909: 436 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Monocrepidus: Wolcott 1923: 86 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Conoderes: Van Dyke, 1932: 294 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Nanseia Kishii, 1985

Nanseia Kishii, 1985: 5. Gender: feminine. Type species: Prodrasterius erabuensis Kishii, 1966: 8, by monotypy.

Genus Neodrasterius Kishii, 1996

Neodrasterius Kishii, 1996: 90. Gender: masculine. Type species: Neodrasterius kiyoyamai Kishii, 1996: 91, by original designation.

Genus Nipponodrasterius Kishii, 1966

Nipponodrasterius Kishii, 1966: 9. Gender: masculine. Type species: Nipponodrasterius alpicola Kishii, 1966: 9, by original designation.

Genus Pachyderes Guérin-Méneville, 1829

Pachyderes Guérin-Méneville, 1829: plate 12. Gender: masculine. Type species: Pachyderes ruficollis Guérin-Méneville, 1829: plate 12, by monotypy.

Genus Paraheteroderes Girard, 2017

Paraheteroderes Girard, 2017: 71. Gender: masculine. Type species: Heteroderes kordofanus Candèze, 1859: 364, by original designation.

Genus Phedomenus Candèze, 1889

Phedomenus Candèze, 1889: 89. Gender: masculine. Type species: Phedomenus venustus Candèze, 1889: 90, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 664).

Subgenus Domenephus Fleutiaux, 1932

Domenephus Fleutiaux, 1932c: 277. Gender: masculine. Type species: Diploconus flavangulus Candèze, 1895: 59, by original designation.

Subgenus Phedomenus Candèze, 1889

Phedomenus Candèze, 1889: 89. Gender: masculine. Type species: Phedomenus venustus Candèze, 1889: 90, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 664).

Genus Pseudaeolus Candèze, 1891

Pseudaeolus Candèze, 1891: 77. Gender: masculine. Type species: Aeolus australis Candèze, 1859: 284, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 667).

Genus Telesus Candèze, 1880

Telesus Candèze, 1880: 9. Gender: masculine. Type species: Telesus ritsemae Candèze, 1880: 10, by monotypy.

Tribe Platycrepidiini Costa & Casari-Chen, 1993

Eudactylites Candèze, 1859: 153. Type genus: Eudactylus Sallé, 1855. Preoccupied genus name, not Eudactylus Fitzinger, 1843 [Reptilia]; syn. of Platycrepidius Candèze, 1859. Permanently invalid, based on preoccupied type genus; see Bouchard et al. (2011).

Platycrepidiini Costa & Casari-Chen, 1993: 62. Type genus: Platycrepidius Candèze, 1859.

Genus Platycrepidius Candèze, 1859

Eudactylus Sallé, 1855: 266. Gender: masculine. Type species: Eudactylus wapleri Sallé, 1855: 267, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Eudactylus Fitzinger, 1843: 67 (Reptilia).

Platycrepidius Candèze, 1859: 159. Gender: masculine. Type species: Eudactylus wapleri Sallé, 1855: 267, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 665). Originally proposed as a synonym of Eudactylus Sallé, 1855 and subsequently treated as valid (ICZN 1999, Art. 11.6). Objective synonym of Eudactylus Sallé, 1855.

Platicrepidius: Motschulsky 1859: 358 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage; see Hyslop (1921: 665)].

Tyleudacus Fleutiaux, 1922: 429. Gender: masculine. Unnecessary replacement name for Eudactylus Sallé, 1855.

Tribe Pseudomelanactini Arnett, 1967

Pseudomelanactini Arnett, 1967: 111. Type genus: Pseudomelanactes Mathieu, 1961 [synonym of Anthracalaus Fairmaire, 1888].

Pseudomelactini: Casari 2008: 141 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Anthracalaus Fairmaire, 1888

Anthracalaus Fairmaire, 1888: 349. Gender: masculine. Type species: Alaus westermanni Candèze, 1857: 216, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 628).

Anthracralaus: Fleutiaux (1927a: 101) [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Pseudomelanactes Mathieu, 1961: 474. Gender: masculine. Type species: Melanactes agrypnoides Van Dyke, 1932: 446, by original designation. Synonymised with Anthracalaus Fairmaire, 1888 by Calder & Hayek (1992: 17).

Genus Lanelater Arnett, 1952

Amaurus Laporte, 1840: 237. Gender: masculine. Type species: Amaurus senegalensis Laporte, 1840: 237 (syn. of Elater notodonta Latreille, 1827: 275), by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 625). Preoccupied by Amaurus Burmeister, 1834: 294 [Hemiptera]. Synonymised with Lanelater Arnett, 1952 by Arnett (1952: 105).

Lanelater Arnett, 1952: 105. Gender: masculine. Type species: Agrypnus schotti LeConte, 1853: 492, by original designation.

Tribe Pyrophorini Candèze, 1863

Pyrophorites Candèze, 1863: 3. Type genus: Pyrophorus Billberg, 1820.

Subtribe Hapsodrilina Costa, 1975

Hapsodrilina Costa, 1975: 88. Type genus: Hapsodrilus Costa, 1975.

Genus Hapsodrilus Costa, 1975

Hapsodrilus Costa, 1975: 90. Gender: masculine. Type species: Pyrophorus ignifer Germar, 1841: 46, by original designation.

Genus Ptesimopsia Costa, 1975

Ptesimopsia Costa, 1975: 91. Gender: feminine. Type species: Pyrophorus candezei Fauvel, 1860: 307, by original designation.

Genus Pyroptesis Costa, 1975

Pyroptesis Costa, 1975: 90. Gender: feminine. Type species: Pyrophorus cincticollis Germar, 1841: 44, by original designation.

Genus Sooporanga Costa, 1975

Sooporanga Costa, 1975: 89. Gender: masculine. Type species: Pyrophorus formosus Germar, 1841: 41, by original designation.

Subtribe Nyctophyxina Costa, 1975

Nyctophyxina Costa, 1975: 85. Type genus: Nyctophyxis Costa, 1975 [incorrect stem formation in prevailing usage; see Bouchard et al. (2011)].

Genus Cryptolampros Costa, 1975

Cryptolampros Costa, 1975: 88. Gender: masculine. Type species: Pyrophorus coecus Germar, 1841: 40, by original designation.

Genus Noxlumenes Costa, 1975

Noxlumenes Costa, 1975: 87. Gender: masculine (based on the ICZN 1999, Art. 30.2.4; the specific name bardus is a noun in apposition; Art. 31.2.2). Type species: Noxlumenes bardus Costa, 1975: 87, by original designation.

Genus Nyctophyxis Costa, 1975

Nyctophyxis Costa, 1975: 86. Gender: feminine (erroneously treated as masculine in original description; the Greek noun φύξις (latinised phyxis, meaning refuge) is present in the Greek dictionaries with the feminine gender; ICZN 1999, Art. 30.1.2). Type species: Pyrophorus ocellatus Germar, 1841: 49, by original designation.

Nyctophixis: Costa 1975: 86 [incorrect original spelling (ICZN 1999, Art. 19.3; First Revisers (Art. 24.2): Sáiz et al. (1990: 70)].

Nyctophysis: Bouchard et al. (2011: 310) [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Subtribe Pyrophorina Candèze, 1863

Pyrophorites Candèze, 1863: 3. Type genus: Pyrophorus Billberg, 1820.

Genus Deilelater Costa, 1975

Deilelater Costa, 1975: 108. Gender: masculine. Type species: Pyrophorus physoderus Germar, 1841: 36, by original designation.

Genus Fulgeochlizus Costa, 1975

Fulgeochlizus Costa, 1975: 103. Gender: masculine. Type species: Pyrophorus bruchi Candèze, 1897: 66, by original designation.

Genus Hifo Candèze, 1882

Hifo Candèze, 1882: 94. Gender: masculine. Type species: Hifo pacificus Candèze, 1882: 94, by monotypy.

Genus Hifoides Schwarz, 1906

Hifoides Schwarz, 1906b: 154. Gender: masculine. Type species: Pyrophorus semiotoides Schwarz, 1906b: 154, by monotypy.

Genus Hypsiophthalmus Latreille, 1834

Hypsiophthalmus Latreille, 1834: 145. Gender: masculine. Type species: Pyrophorus buphthalmus Eschscholtz, 1829: 32, by monotypy (see Costa 1975: 97).

Belania Laporte, 1840: 236. Gender: feminine. Type species: Pyrophorus buphthalmus Eschscholtz, 1829: 32, by monotypy. Junior objective synonym of Hypsiophthalmus Latreille, 1834.

Genus Ignelater Costa, 1975

Stilpnus Laporte, 1840: 236. Gender: masculine. Type species: Pyrophorus havaniensis Laporte, 1840: 236, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 671). Preoccupied by Stilpnus Gravenhorst, 1829: 664 [Hymenoptera].

Ignelater Costa, 1975: 105. Gender: masculine. Replacement name for Stilpnus Laporte, 1840.

Genus Lygelater Costa, 1975

Lygelater Costa, 1975: 106. Gender: masculine. Type species: Pyrophorus fulgidus Germar, 1841: 24, by original designation.

Genus Metapyrophorus Rosa & Costa, 2009

Metapyrophorus Rosa & Costa, 2009: 45. Gender: masculine. Type species: Metapyrophorus pharolim Rosa & Costa, 2009: 45, by monotypy.

Genus Opselater Costa, 1975

Opselater Costa, 1975: 103. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater pyrophanus Illiger, 1807: 149, by original designation.

Genus Phanophorus Solier, 1851

Phanophorus Solier, 1851: 26. Gender: masculine. Type species: Phanophorus parallelus Solier, 1851: 27, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 663).

Phamophorus: Schwarz 1906a: 210 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Phantophorus: Schimmel and Taranwski 2012: 114 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Photophorus Candèze, 1863

Photophorus Candèze, 1863: 72. Gender: masculine. Type species: Photophorus jansonii Candèze, 1863: 73, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 664).

Genus Pyrearinus Costa, 1975

Pyrearinus Costa, 1975: 99. Gender: masculine. Type species: Pyrophorus nyctolampis Germar, 1841: 54, by original designation.

Genus Pyrophorus Billberg, 1820

Phosphorus: Voet 1806: Tab. 43, fig. 17 [unavailable name, work not consistently binominal (ICZN 1999, Art. 11.4)]. We follow other authors (e.g., Alonso-Zarazaga and Lyal 1999: 8) in considering the names in Voet’s publication not consistently binominal. The genus-group name Phosphorus has not been made available in Elateridae to our knowledge.

Pyrophorus Billberg, 1820: 20. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater noctilucus Linnaeus, 1758: 404, by subsequent designation (Desmarest 1860: 29).

Hedonius Gistel, 1834: 11. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater noctilucus Linnaeus, 1758: 404, by subsequent designation (Bousquet and Bouchard 2017: 124). Junior objective synonym of Pyrophorus Billberg, 1820 (also see Bousquet and Bouchard 2017: 124).

Phyrophorus: Wolcott 1936: 211 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Vesperelater Costa, 1975

Vesperelater Costa, 1975: 109. Gender: masculine. Type species: Pyrophorus ornamentum Germar, 1841: 39, by original designation.

Agrypninae incertae sedis

Genus Anathesis Candèze, 1865

Anathesis Candèze, 1865: 21. Gender: feminine. Type species: Anathesis laconoides Candèze, 1865: 21, by monotypy.

Genus Antitypus Candèze, 1882

Antitypus Candèze, 1882: 70. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater insignitus Fairmaire & Germain, 1860: 268, by monotypy.

Genus Chrostus Candèze, 1878

Chrostus Candèze, 1878b: clxix. Gender: masculine. Type species: Chrostus quadrifoveolatus Candèze, 1878b: clxx, by monotypy.

Genus Dorygonus Candèze, 1859

Dorygonus Candèze, 1859: 182. Gender: masculine. Type species: Dorygonus amaurus Candèze, 1859: 186, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 641).

Subgenus Dorygonus Candèze, 1859

Dorygonus Candèze, 1859: 182. Gender: masculine. Type species: Dorygonus amaurus Candèze, 1859: 186, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 641).

Subgenus Rygodonus Fleutiaux, 1932

Rygodonus Fleutiaux, 1932d: 857. Gender: masculine. Type species: Dorygonus alluaudi Fleutiaux, 1932d: 863, by original designation.

Genus Macromalocera Hope, 1834

Macromalocera Hope, 1834: 13. Gender: feminine. Type species: Macromalocera caenosa Hope, 1834: 14, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 654).

Subfamily Campyloxeninae Costa, 1975

Campyloxeninae Costa, 1975: 114. Type genus: Campyloxenus Fairmaire & Germain, 1860.

Genus Campyloxenus Fairmaire & Germain, 1860

Campyloxenus Fairmaire & Germain, 1860: 6. Gender: masculine. Type species: Campyloxenus pyrothorax Fairmaire & Germain, 1860: 6, by monotypy.

Malalcahuello Arias-Bohart, 2015

Malalcahuello Arias-Bohart, 2015: 2. Gender: masculine. Type species: Malalcahuello ocaresi Arias-Bohart, 2015: 4, by original designation.

Subfamily Hemiopinae Fleutiaux, 1941

Hemiopinae Fleutiaux, 1941b: 31. Type genus: Hemiops Laporte, 1838.

Hemiopsinae: Fleutiaux 1947a: 239 [unavailable name, incorrect stem formation (ICZN 1999, Art. 29.3)].

Genus Exoeolus Broun, 1893

Exoeolus Broun, 1893: 1133. Gender: masculine. Type species: Exoeolus rufescens Broun, 1893: 1134, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 646; as Exaeolus).

Exaeolus: Schwarz 1906a: 161 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Brounaeolus Hyslop, 1921: 631. Gender: masculine. Unnecessary replacement name for Exoeolus Broun, 1893 (misspelled as Exaeolus which is preoccupied by Exaeolus Gozis, 1886: 22).

Genus Hemiops Laporte, 1838

Oxysternus Latreille, 1834: 164. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater crassus Gyllenhal, 1817: 135, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Oxysternus Dejean, 1833: 129 [Coleoptera: Histeridae]. Synonymised with Hemiops Laporte, 1838 by Candèze (1863: 492).

Hemiops Laporte, 1838: 15. Gender: masculine. Type species: Hemiops flavus Laporte, 1838: 15, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 648).

Plectrosternus Lacordaire, 1857: 227. Gender: masculine. Replacement name for Oxysternus Latreille, 1834.

Oxisternus: Candèze 1863: 492 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Plectrostenus: Marschall 1873: 233 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Plectosternus: Schwarz 1907: 304 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Legna Walker, 1858

Legna Walker, 1858: 281. Gender: feminine (ICZN 1999, Art. 30.2.1). Type species: Legna idonea Walker, 1858: 281 (= Plectrosternus rufus Lacordaire, 1857), by monotypy. Schenkling (1927: 503) used Plectrosternus Lacordaire, 1857 as valid with Legna Walker, 1858 as a synonym. However Plectrosternus Lacordaire, 1857 is a replacement name for Oxysternus Latreille, 1834 and therefore it has the same type species as Oxysternus (= synonym of the valid name Hemiops Laporte, 1838). When Plectrosternus Lacordaire, 1857 was moved under Hemiops for nomenclatural reasons then this left the genus which previously included the species of Plectrosternus sensu Schenkling (1927) (with Legna idonea Walker, 1858 as a synonym of P. rufus Lacordaire, 1857) without a valid name. The only available name for that genus is Legna Walker, 1858. Therefore, all species hitherto classified under Plectrosternus, i.e., P. rufus Lacordaire, 1857, P. convexus Vats, 1991, P. coolsi Schimmel, 1996 and P. foveatus Patwardhan & Athalye, 2012, are here transferred to Legna Walker, 1858, and new combinations Legna rufa (Lacordaire, 1857), comb. n., L. convexa (Vats, 1991), comb. n., L. coolsi (Schimmel, 1996), comb. n., and L. foveata (Patwardhan & Athalye, 2012), comb. n. are proposed.

Genus Parhemiops Candèze, 1878

Parhemiops Candèze, 1878c: cxcviii. Gender: masculine. Type species: Parhemiops palliatus Candèze, 1878c: cxcviii, by monotypy.

Lincydrus Fleutiaux, 1932b: 148. Gender: masculine. Type species: Lincydrus cylindricus Fleutiaux, 1932b: 149, by monotypy. Synonymised with Parhemiops Candèze, 1878 by Van Zwaluwenburg (1959: 411).

Subfamily Lissominae Laporte, 1835

Lissomidae Laporte, 1835: 178. Type genus: Lissomus Dalman, 1824.

Tribe Lissomini Laporte, 1835

Lissomidae Laporte, 1835: 178. Type genus: Lissomus Dalman, 1824.

Drapetini LeConte, 1863: 44. Type genus: Drapetes Dejean, 1821.

Drapetini Dolin, 1975: 1627. Type genus: Drapetes Dejean, 1821. Proposed as new without reference to Drapetini LeConte, 1863.

Drapetetini: Lohse 1979: 200 [incorrect stem formation (ICZN 1999, Art. 29.3)].

Genus Drapetes Dejean, 1821

Drapetes Dejean, 1821: 34. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater equestris Fabricius, 1801: 244 (syn. of Elater mordelloides Host, 1790), by monotypy.

Subgenus Drapetes Dejean, 1821

Drapetes Dejean, 1821: 34. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater equestris Fabricius, 1801: 244 (syn. of Elater mordelloides Host, 1790: 298), by monotypy.

Lissodes Berthold, 1827: 335. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater equestris Fabricius, 1801: 244 (syn. of Elater mordelloides Host, 1790: 298), by subsequent designation (Smetana 2007: 46). Junior objective synonym of Drapetes Dejean, 1821.

Paean Gistel, 1848b: ix. Gender: masculine. Unnecessary replacement name for Drapetes Dejean, 1821.

Draptetes: Wolcott 1936: 214 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Subgenus Neodrapetes Cobos, 1967

Neodrapetes Cobos, 1967: 311. Gender: masculine. Type species: Drapetes sellatus Bonvouloir, 1859: 59, by original designation.

Genus Hypochaetes Bonvouloir, 1859

Hypochaetes Bonvouloir, 1859: 137. Gender: masculine. Type species: Hypochaetes sericeus Bonvouloir, 1859: 139, by monotypy.

Genus Lissomus Dalman, 1824

Lissomus Dalman, 1824: 13. Gender: masculine. Type species: Lissomus punctulatus Dalman, 1824: 14, by subsequent designation (Fleutiaux 1947b: 138).

Cymbium: Gerstaecker (1860: 136) [unavailable name, first proposed as a synonym and not made available subsequently (ICZN 1999, Art. 11.6)]

Genus Osslimus Calder, 1996

Osslimus Calder, 1996: 38. Gender: masculine. Type species: Lissomus freyi Cobos, 1967: 323, by original designation.

Genus Paradrapetes Fleutiaux, 1895

Paradrapetes Fleutiaux, 1895: cccxci. Gender: masculine. Type species: Paradrapetes villosus Fleutiaux, 1895: cccxci, here designated.

Tribe Protelaterini Schwarz, 1902c

Protelateridae Schwarz, 1902c: 365. Type genus: Protelater Sharp, 1877.

Sphaenelaterini Stibick, 1979: 179. Type genus: Sphaenelater Schwarz, 1902.

Genus Anaspasis Candèze, 1882

Anaspasis Candèze, 1882: 4. Gender: feminine. Type species: Anaspasis fasciolata Candèze, 1882: 5, by monotypy.

Genus Austrelater Calder & Lawrence, 1993

Austrelater Calder & Lawrence in Calder, Lawrence & Trueman, 1993: 1351. Gender: masculine. Type species: Austrelater macphersonensis Calder in Calder, Lawrence & Trueman, 1993: 1354, by original designation.

Genus Protelater Sharp, 1877

Protelater Sharp, 1877: 482. Gender: masculine. Type species: Protelater elongatus Sharp, 1877: 482, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 667).

Genus Sphaenelater Schwarz, 1902

Geranus Sharp, 1877: 480. Gender: masculine. Type species: Geranus crassus Sharp, 1877: 480, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 646). Preoccupied by Geranus Bonaparte, 1854: 661 [Aves].

Sphaenelater Schwarz, 1902c: 365. Gender: masculine. Type species: Sphaenelater nigricornis Schwarz, 1902c: 365, by monotypy. Synonymised with Geranus Sharp, 1877 by Schwarz (1907: 286).

Geraniella Gourlay, 1950: 192. Gender: feminine. Unnecessary replacement name for Geranus Sharp, 1877.

Genus Tunon Arias-Bohart, 2013

Tunon Arias-Bohart, 2013: 161. Gender: masculine. Type species: Tunon guinezi Arias-Bohart, 2013: 164, by original designation.

Genus Valdivelater Lawrence & Arias, 2009

Valdivelater Lawrence & Arias, 2009: 320. Gender: masculine. Type species: Valdivelater krahmeri Lawrence & Arias, 2009: 322, by original designation.

Subfamily Oestodinae Hyslop, 1917

Oestodinae Hyslop, 1917: 251. Type genus: Oestodes LeConte, 1853.

Oestoidinae: Gurjeva 1974b: 68 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Oestodes LeConte, 1853

Oestodes LeConte, 1853: 424. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater tenuicollis Randall, 1838: 14, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 659).

Oestodus: Smith 1900: 251 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Cestodes: Brimley 1938: 167 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Bladus LeConte, 1861

Bladus LeConte, 1861: 171. Gender: masculine. Type species: Eucnemis quadricollis Say, 1839: 186, by subsequent monotypy in LeConte (1863: 48).

Subfamily Parablacinae Kundrata, Gunter, Douglas & Bocak, 2016

Parablacinae Kundrata, Gunter, Douglas & Bocak, 2016: 299. Type genus: Parablax Schwarz, 1906.

Genus Metablax Candèze, 1869

Blax Candèze, 1863: 200. Gender: masculine (ICZN 1999, Art. 30.1.4.2). Type species: Elater acutipennis White, 1846: 7, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 631). Preoccupied by Blax Koch, 1840: 359 [Collembola] and Blax J Thomson, 1860: 22 [Coleoptera: Cerambycidae].

Metablax Candèze, 1869: 122. Gender: masculine. Replacement name for Blax Candèze, 1863.

Genus Ophidius Candèze, 1863

Ophidius Candèze, 1863: 203. Gender: masculine. Type species: Ophidius elegans Candèze, 1863: 204, by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 659).

Genus Parablax Schwarz, 1906

Parablax Schwarz, 1906c: 368. Gender: masculine. Type species: Metablax trisulcatus Schwarz, 1903: 394 (syn. of Parasaphes quinquesulcatus Blackburn, 1900: 114), by subsequent designation (Hyslop 1921: 661).

Genus Parasaphes Candèze, 1882

Parasaphes Candèze, 1882: 101. Gender masculine (ICZN 1999, Art. 30.1.4.2). Type species: Parasaphes elegans Candèze, 1882: 101, by monotypy.

Genus Sharon Arias-Bohart & Elgueta, 2015

Sharon Arias-Bohart & Elgueta, 2015: 2. Gender: feminine (erroneously treated as masculine in original description; the correct name of the type species is Sharon amoena). Type species: Asaphes amoenus Philippi, 1861: 743, by original designation.

Genus Tasmanelater Calder, 1996

Tasmanelater Calder, 1996: 250. Gender: masculine. Type species: Tasmanelater pelionensis Calder, 1996: 255, by original designation.

Genus Wynarka Calder, 1986

Wynarka Calder, 1986: 111. Gender: neuter (ICZN 1999, Art. 30.2.3).Type species: Wynarka sylvestre Calder, 1986: 113, by original designation.

Genus Xuthelater Calder, 1996

Xuthelater Calder, 1996: 261. Gender: masculine. Type species: Xuthelater moppiensis Calder, 1996: 265, by original designation.

Subfamily Physodactylinae Lacordaire, 1857

Physodactylides Lacordaire, 1857: 236. Type genus: Physodactylus Fischer von Waldheim, 1823.

Physodactilini: Schwarz 1897: 12 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage]

Physodactilinae: Fleutiaux 1919: 106 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage]

Physodactytinae: Fleutiaux 1935: 116 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage]

Genus Dactylophysus Fleutiaux, 1892

Dactylophysus Fleutiaux, 1892: 408. Gender: masculine. Type species: Dactylophysus capixabensis Rosa, 2014: 249 (misidentification of Dactylophysus mendax Candèze, 1859 by Fleutiaux (1892)), fixed subsequently by Rosa (2014: 249) under ICZN (1999, Art. 70.3).

Genus Physodactylus Fischer von Waldheim, 1823

Physodactylus Fischer von Waldheim, 1823: 301. Gender: masculine. Type species: Physodactylus henningii Fischer von Walheim, 1823: 303, by monotypy.

Drepanius Perty, 1830: 24. Gender: masculine. Type species: Drepanius clavipes Perty, 1830: 25, by monotypy. Synonymised with Physodactylus Fischer von Waldheim, 1823 by Laporte (1840: 254).

Drepranius: Schwarz 1907: 311 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Subfamily Pityobiinae Hyslop, 1917

Pityobini Hyslop, 1917: 249. Type genus: Pityobius LeConte, 1853. Incorrect original stem formation, not in prevailing usage; see Bouchard et al. (2011).

Pytiobinae: Dolin (1968: 64) [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Pityobinae: Gurjeva (1974a: 103) [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Pityobiinae: Dolin (1975: 1629). Correct stem formation.

Pytiobiininae: Arias-Bohart and Elgueta 2012: 648 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Pytiobiinini: Arias-Bohart and Elgueta 2012: 648 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Pytiobiinae: Arias-Bohart and Elgueta 2015: 13 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Pityobius LeConte, 1853

Pityobius LeConte, 1853: 428. Gender: masculine. Type species: Pityobius anguinus LeConte, 1853: 428, by monotypy.

Calocerus LeConte, 1853: 428. Gender: masculine. Type species: Pityobius anguinus LeConte, 1853: 428, by monotypy. First proposed as a synonym of Pityobius LeConte, 1853. The name Calocerus LeConte, 1853 is available because it was treated as a senior homonym [of Calocerus Fauvel, 1891: 88; Coleoptera: Staphylinidae] before 1961 by Blackwelder (1952: 90) (ICZN 1999, Art. 11.6.1). First Reviser (ICZN 1999, Art. 24.2) found (Pityobius LeConte, 1853 vs. Calocerus LeConte, 1853) is Arnett (1962: 505). However, the specific name niger published by LeConte, 1853 is not available as it has never been used as valid or considered a homonym. The originally included species in Calocerus LeConte is that species listed by LeConte as valid, i.e., Pityobius anguinus LeConte, 1853 (see ICZN 1999, Article 67.12).

Pytiobius: Schwarz 1906a: 192 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Genus Tibionema Solier, 1851

Tibionema Solier, 1851: 30. Gender: neuter (erroneously used as feminine in original description). Type species: Tibionema rufiventre Solier, 1851: 31, by original designation.

Subfamily Subprotelaterinae Fleutiaux, 1920

Subprotelaterinae Fleutiaux, 1920: 99. Type genus: Subprotelater Fleutiaux, 1916.

Genus Subprotelater Fleutiaux, 1916

Subprotelater Fleutiaux, 1916b: 387. Gender: masculine. Type species: Subprotelater bakeri Fleutiaux, 1916b: 387, by monotypy.

Subfamily Tetralobinae Laporte, 1840

Tetralobites Laporte, 1840: 230. Type genus: Tetralobus Lepeletier & Audinet-Serville, 1828.

Tribe Tetralobini Laporte, 1840

Tetralobites Laporte, 1840: 230. Type genus: Tetralobus Lepeletier & Audinet-Serville, 1828.

Phyllophoridae Hope, 1842: 73. Type genus: Phyllophorus Hope, 1842. Preoccupied by Phyllophorus Grube, 1840 [Echinodermata]; syn. of Tetralobus Lepeletier and Audinet-Serville, 1828. Permanently invalid (ICZN 1999, Art. 39), based on preoccupied type genus.

Piezophyllini Laurent, 1967: 85. Type genus: Piezophyllus Hope, 1842.

Tetralobilini: Costa, Casari-Chen & Vanin, 1992: 887 [incorrect stem formation (ICZN 1999, Art. 29.3)].

Genus Neotetralobus Girard, 1987

Neotetralobus Girard, 1987: 49. Gender: masculine. Type species: Neotetralobus africanus Girard, 1987: 51, by monotypy.

Genus Paratetralobus Laurent, 1964

Paratetralobus Laurent, 1964: 220. Gender: masculine. Type species: Tetralobus hemirhipoides Fleutiaux, 1919: 36, by original designation.

Genus Pseudalaus Laurent, 1967

Pseudalaus Laurent, 1967: 92. Gender: masculine. Type species: Tetralobus dohrni Candèze, 1882: 26, by original designation.

Genus Pseudotetralobus Schwarz, 1902

Pseudotetralobus Schwarz, 1902a: 210. Gender: masculine. Type species: Pseudotetralobus dohrni Schwarz, 1902a: 211, by monotypy.

Genus Sinelater Laurent, 1967

Sinelater Laurent, 1967: 94. Gender: masculine. Type species: Tetralobus perroti Fleutiaux, 1940: 107, by original designation.

Genus Tetralobus Lepeletier & Audinet-Serville, 1828

Tetralobus Lepeletier & Audinet-Serville, 1828: 594. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater flabellicornis Linnaeus, 1767: 651, by subsequent designation (Lacordaire 1857: 164).

Subgenus Dodecamerus Laurent, 1968

Dodecamerus Laurent, 1968: 328. Gender: masculine. Type species: Tetralobus angolensis Laurent, 1968: 328, by monotypy.

Subgenus Tetralobus Lepeletier & Audinet-Serville, 1828

Tetralobus Lepeletier & Audinet-Serville, 1828: 594. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater flabellicornis Linnaeus, 1767: 651, by subsequent designation (Lacordaire 1857: 164).

Phyllophorus Hope, 1842: 73. Gender: masculine. Type species: Elater gigas Fabricius, 1801: 221, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Phyllophorus Grube, 1840: 38 [Echinodermata].

Charitophyllus Lacordaire, 1857: 165. Gender: masculine. Replacement name for Phyllophorus Hope, 1842. Synonymised with Tetralobus Lepeletier & Audinet-Serville, 1828 by Candèze (1857: 366).

Tetralobius: Froggatt 1917: 894 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Tetralobes: Kubaczkova and Kundrata 2017: 161 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage erroneously attributed to Dolin (ICZN 1999, Art. 33.3)].

Tribe Piezophyllini Laurent, 1967

Piezophyllini Laurent, 1967: 96. Type genus: Piezophyllus Hope, 1842.

Genus Piezophyllus Hope, 1842

Piezophyllus Hope, 1842: 76. Gender: masculine. Type species: Tetralobus robustus Hope, 1842: 75 (syn. of Tetralobus macrocerus Laporte, 1838: 12), by original designation.

Cladocerus: Harold 1869: 1509 [unavailable name, first proposed as a synonym and not made available subsequently (ICZN 1999, Art. 11.6)]. If found to be available then preoccupied by Cladocerus Rafinesque, 1819: 429 [Coelenterata].

Coresus Harold 1869: 1509. Gender: masculine. Type species: Tetralobus macrocerus Laporte, 1838: 12, by monotypy. Originally proposed as a synonym of Piezophyllus Hope, 1842 and subsequently treated as valid.

Dido Arnett, 1955: 600. Gender: feminine. Type species: Tetralobus macrocerus Laporte, 1838: 12, by original designation. Junior objective synonym of Coresus Harold 1869.

Hopelater Laurent, 1967: 99. Gender: masculine. Type species: Piezophyllus spencei Hope, 1842: 76, by original designation. Synonymised with Piezophyllus Hope, 1842 by Costa et al. (1994: 120).

Piezophilus: Costa, Casari-Chen & Vanin, 1992: 879 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

Piezophylus: Costa, Casari-Chen and Vanin 1992: 879 [unavailable name, incorrect subsequent spelling not in prevailing usage].

1The gender of this genus has been contentious in the past. Under the provisions of Art. 30 of the Code (ICZN 1999), and because of the lack of any etymology from Laporte (1838), it may correspond to the Greek word Λάκων (a Laconian or Spartan man), transliterated without changes as Lacon following the Art. 30.1.2. In the Greek dictionaries, this word is masculine, so the genus is masculine too, as well as all the genera having – lacon as their last component.
2Latinised form of the Greek noun τριήρης (a trireme, in allusion to the dilated tarsi of its type species). According to the provisions of the ICZN (1999, Art. 30.1.2), if the noun is feminine, the genus is also feminine. The specific name ramitarsus can be considered a noun in apposition.

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to Simone Policena Rosa (Itajubá, Brazil) for her comments on Physodactylinae, and Karine Savard (AAFC, Canada) for help with finding literature. This study was supported by the internal grant of the Faculty of Science, UP Olomouc, Czech Republic (IGA_PrF_2019_024; RK, MK), the Moscow State University research project No. АААА-А16-116021660095-7 (AP), and the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) Brasil, research grant 304620/2014-9/PQ-Sr (CC).

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