ZooKeys 312: 79–87, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.312.5506
First record of the aphid genus Jacksonia Theobald (Hemiptera, Aphididae, Aphidinae) from China, with description of one new species
Xing-Yi Li 1,2,†, Bin Zhang 1,2,‡, Xiao-Mei Su 1,2,§, Ge-Xia Qiao 1,|
1 Key Laboratory of Zoological Systematics and Evolution, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 1 Beichen West Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101, P.R.China
2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 19 Yuquan Road, Shijingshan District, Beijing 100049, P.R.China

Corresponding author: Ge-Xia Qiao (qiaogx@ioz.ac.cn)

Academic editor: Roger Blackman

received 10 May 2013 | accepted 13 June 2013 | Published 26 June 2013

(C) 2013 Xing-Yi Li. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 (CC-BY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

For reference, use of the paginated PDF or printed version of this article is recommended.


The aphid genus Jacksonia Theobald is reported in China for the first time, from Shaanxi, with the description of a new species, Jacksonia gibbera Qiao, Li, Zhang & Su, sp. n., found on an unidentified plant belonging to the Leguminosae/Fabaceae. A key to species of Jacksonia is provided.


Jacksonia, Aphididae, new record genus, new species, China


The aphid genus Jacksonia was erected by Theobald (1923), with a description of the type species Jacksonia papillata. It was distinguished by the peculiar shape of the siphunculi, constricted at the middle, without a flange or any reticulation, and well-developed antennal tubercles which are converging, rough and very broad. Until now, this genus is represented by only three known species in the world (Ghosh 1986; Heie 1994; Raychaudhuri 1980; Remaudière and Remaudière 1997; Favret 2013). After identifying the specimens from Shaanxi, China, and comparing the original descriptions of the known species, one new species of Jacksonia is reported from China, Jacksonia gibbera Qiao, Li, Zhang & Su, sp. n. It was collected on an unidentified species of Leguminosae (Fabaceae).

Jacksonia Theobald, 1923


Jacksonia Theobald 1923: 19. Type species: Jacksonia papillata Theobald, 1923; 19–20 & Figs A–E, by monotypy.
Jacksonia Theobald: Eastop and Hille Ris Lambers 1976: 229; Miyazaki 1971: 112; Raychaudhuri 1980: 154; Ghosh 1986: 92; Heie 1994: 43; Remaudière and Remaudière 1997: 105; Blackman and Eastop 2006: 1183.
Generic diagnosis.

In apterous viviparous female: Body broadly elongate. Head scabrous, with dense spinules or warts on dorsum and venter. Antennal tubercles well developed, strongly converging, broad and covered with many warts; medial frontal tubercle indistinct. Antennae 6-segmented, shorter than body, antennal segments I-V with distinct warty imbrications, primary rhinaria non-ciliated or ciliated. Ultimate rostral segment wedge-shaped, with 2 or 3 accessory setae. Distal 2/3 of femora and bases of tibiae with warty imbrications, hind tibiae of nymphs without spinules. First tarsal chaetotaxy 3, 3, 2, or 3, 3, 3. Antennal and dorsal body setae short, blunt or acute at apex. Dorsum of body scabrous; pale or with dark bands on abdominal tergites VI-VII. Siphunculi cylindrical, wide at base, narrow at middle and again becoming wide, with oblique or central aperture lacking a flange, with scabrous imbrications. Distance between 6th and 7th spiracles much less than that between 5th and 6th. Cauda tongue-shaped, with blunt apex, shorter than siphunculi, with 4-6 setae. Anal and genital plates broadly circular, genital plate with 6-19 posterior setae and 2 anterior setae.

In alate viviparous female: Dorsum of head smooth or sparsely to densely spinulose, venter smooth. Frontal setae with acute apices. Antennal segments I-V with normal imbrications, segments III-V with small or large round or transverse oval secondary rhinaria. Fore wings with two-forked medial veins, hind wings with 2 oblique veins. Abdominal tergites with brown or blackish brown spino-pleural and marginal patches, spino-pleural patches on tergites III-V usually fused to form a large dorsal patch. Others similar to apterae.


India, Japan, Europe and newly recorded from China (Shaanxi). In Blackman and Eastop (aphidsonworldsplants.info): India (Jacksonia campanulata); in regions with temperate oceanic climates throughout the world, including many oceanic islands (e.g. Iceland, Faroes, Azores, Auckland Is., Macquarie Is., South Georgia) (Jacksonia papillata).

Host plants.

On various species of Poaceae (Dactylis, Deschampsia, Festuca, Poa), but also with species described from Campanula and an unidentified plant belonging to the Leguminosae/Fabaceae. Other recorded hosts are likely to be casual occurrences (Blackman and Eastop 2006).


This genus is related to Myzus Passerini, 1860, but apterae can be distinguished from the latter by the peculiarly shaped siphunculi and the very broad antennal tubercles. The genus is also very similar to Xenosiphonaphis Takahashi, 1961, in having very broad antennal tubercles and flangeless siphunculi, but in Xenosiphonaphis, the inner apex of the antennal tubercles is only slightly converging. The alatae also differ: in Jacksonia, the basal halves of the siphunculi are without spinules, transverse wrinkles or grooves while those of Xenosiphonaphis have transverse wrinkles or grooves on the basal half.

Locus typicus.

China (Shaanxi, altitude 3620 m).


The new species is named for the slightly elongated distal half of the siphunculi; “gibbera” (Latin) means “gibbous or humpy”.

Specimens examined.

Holotype: apterous viviparous female, CHINA: Shaanxi (Zhouzhi County, Houzhenzi Town, Mount Qinling, altitude 3620 m), 21 Jun. 1999, No. 12309-1-1, on an unidentified plantof Leguminosae (Fabaceae), coll. T.L. He. Paratypes: 2 apterous viviparous females and 4 nymphs, with the same collection data as holotype.


Apterous viviparous females: Body oval, 1.42–1.62 mm long, 0.82–0.95 mm wide. Green in life. In mounted specimens, body pale; apical parts of base of antennal segment VI and processus terminalis, apex of rostrum and tarsi brown, other parts pale (Fig. 13).

Head: Head scabrous, with dense spinules or warts on dorsum and venter, but warts on dorsal median area of head are sparse (Figs 1, 14). Dorsal setae of head very short, blunt or slightly expanded at apex. Head with one pair of frontal setae and two pairs on antennal tubercles, two pairs of dorsal setae between antennae, two pairs of dorsal setae between eyes. Frontal setae approximately as long as dorsal setae of head, 0.005–0.012 mm, 0.2–0.5 of basal diameter of antennal segment III. Antennal tubercles well developed, very broad, converging, with dense warts; medial frontal tubercle indistinct (Figs 1, 14). Antennae 6-segmented, segments I-V and base of segment VI with distinct warty imbrications (Figs 2, 15), processus terminalis with weak imbrications (Fig. 16), segment III slightly constricted at base (Figs 2, 15); antenna 0.87–0.88 mm long, 0.54–0.61 times length of body; segment III 0.26–0.27 mm, lengths of segments I-VI: 27-31, 19-22, 100, 46-47, 42-46, 32-38+52-61, respectively; processus terminalis 1.60–1.77 times base of segment. Antennal setae short and blunt, segments I-VI each with 3, 1, 6-7, 4, 4, 2+3 setae, respectively, apex of processus terminalis with three short setae; length of setae on segment III 0.005–0.007 mm, 0.22–0.30 times as long as basal diameter of the segment. Primary rhinaria not ciliated, secondary rhinaria absent (Fig. 2). Rostrum (Figs 3, 18) reaching between mid- and hind coxae, ultimate rostral segment wedge-shaped, 0.11–0.12 mm long, 2.15–2.53 times as long as its basal width, 1.30–1.44 times as long as second hind tarsal segment, with three pairs of primary setae and two or three accessory setae.

Thorax: Dorsum of thorax with wrinkles, more distinct toward marginal area of body; pronotum with one pair of spinal and one pair pleural setae, respectively, marginal setae indistinct; metanotum with one pair of spinal, two pairs of pleural and one pair of marginal setae, respectively. Mesosternal furca with a short stem (Figs 4, 17). Spiracles small, reniform-shaped, closed; distance between 6th and 7th spiracles much less than that between 5th and 6th. Legs: distal 2/3–4/5 part of femora with distinct warty imbrications (Figs 5–7, 21–23), outer of basal part of tibia with warts (Figs 8, 24), others smooth. Hind femur 0.35–0.38 mm long, 1.28–1.46 times antennal segment III; hind tibia 0.55–0.61 mm long, 0.35–0.42 times length of body; setae on hind tibia long, thick and pointed, 0.025–0.030 mm long, 0.77–1.00 times as long as middle width of the segment. First tarsal chaetotaxy: 3, 3, 3. Second hind tarsal segment 0.08 mm long.

Figures 1–12.

Jacksonia gibbera Qiao, Li, Zhang & Su, sp. n. Apterous viviparous female: 1 dorsal (left) and ventral (right) views of head 2 antenna 3 ultimate rostral segment 4 mesosternal furca 5 fore femur 6 mid-femur 7 hind femur 8 hind tibia 9 siphunculus 10 cauda 11 anal plate 12 genital plate.

Figures 13–20.

Jacksonia gibbera Qiao, Li, Zhang & Su, sp. n. Apterous viviparous female: 13 whole body 14 ventral view of head, antennal tubercles and antennal segments I-II 15 antenna 16 antennal segment VI 17 mesosternal furca 18 ultimate rostral segment 19 detail of abdominal cuticle 20 siphunculus.

Abdomen: Abdominal tergites I-VI with wrinkles, more distinct toward marginal area of body (Fig. 19); posterior area of siphunculi with distinct spinules, tergites VII-VIII with sparsely spinulose transverse stripes; venter with spinulose transverse stripes. Dorsal setae of body very short, blunt or slightly capitate at apex, ventral setae short and acute. Abdominal tergites I-VII each with one pair of spinal setae, tergites I, V-VII each with one pair of marginal setae, tergites II-III each with two pairs of marginal setae, tergite IV with three pairs of marginal setae; tergite VIII with two dorsal setae. Length of marginal setae on tergite I about as long as dorsal setae on tergite VIII, 0.005 mm, 0.2 of basal diameter of antennal segment III. Siphunculi cylindrical (Figs 9, 20), constricted in middle, inner side of distal half slightly elongated; with dense imbrications, flangeless, ends of siphunculi truncated, with pore in central area; 0.20–0.21 mm long, 0.13–0.14 times as long as body, 3.42–4.32 times as long as its basal width, 2.2–2.3 times cauda. Cauda tongue-shaped, blunt at apex (Figs 10, 25), 0.09–0.094 mm long, 0.075–0.088 mm wide, with 4–5 setae. Anal plate semi-circular (Fig. 11), with 10 setae. Genital plate broadly circular (Figs 12, 26), with 10–14 posterior setae and two anterior setae.

Hind tibiae in immatures (third instar) without spinules, smooth (Fig. 27).

Figures 21–27.

Jacksonia gibbera Qiao, Li, Zhang & Su, sp. n. Apterous viviparous female: 21 hind femur 22 mid-femur 23 hind femur 24 hind tibia 25 cauda 26 genital plate 27 3th instar nymph.

Host plant.

An unidentified plantbelonging to the Leguminosae/Fabaceae. It colonises the undersides of the leaves of the host plant.

Taxonomic notes.

The new species is similar to the type species Jacksonia papillata Theobald, but apterae differ from this and Jacksonia campanulata by the characters given in the key below. The fourth species, Jacksonia sikkimensis Ghosh, Basu & Raychaudhuri, is known only from alate viviparous females.

Key to species of Jacksonia (apterous viviparous females)

1 Antennae shorter than 0.6 times body length; siphunculi constricted in middle, with distinct sculpture or spinules; abdominal tergites with wrinkles, polygonal reticulations absent 2
Antennae approximately 0.8 times body length; siphunculi subcylindrical without any medial constriction, smooth without sculptures or spinules; abdominal tergites with distinct polygonal reticulations (based on Chakrabarti and Raychaudhuri 1978: 97) Jacksonia campanulata Chakrabarti & Raychaudhuri
2 Siphunculi 1.5–1.8 times cauda, scaly, with a rather small terminal, slightly oblique aperture (turned inwards); dorsum of head with dense warts uniformly distributed; primary rhinaria ciliated; only intersegmental abdominal areas with wrinkles; first tarsal chaetotaxy 3, 3, 2 (based on Ghosh 1986: 92–93; Heie 1994: 43–44) Jacksonia papillata Theobald
Siphunculi about 2.2-2.3 times cauda, with imbrications, slightly expanded on inner side of distal half, with a terminal, central aperture; dorsal median area of head with few warts; primary rhinaria not ciliated; whole abdominal tergites with wrinkles; first tarsal chaetotaxy 3, 3, 3 Jacksonia gibbera Qiao, Li, Zhang & Su, sp.n.

We are grateful to T.L. He for collections, and to F.D. Yang for preparing the slides. The work was supported by the National Science Funds for Distinguished Young Scientists (No. 31025024), National Science Fund for Fostering Talents in Basic Research (No. J1210002), a grant from the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People’s Republic of China (MOST Grant 1 No. 2011FY120200), and a grant from the Key Laboratory of the Zoological Systematics and Evolution of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. O529YX5105).

Blackman RL, Eastop VF (2006) Aphids on the World’s Herbaceous Plants and Shrubs. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, England, 1439 pp.
Chakrabarti S, Raychaudhuri DN (1978) . New and little known aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) of Kumaon Himalaya, India. Entomon, 3 (1): 95-103.
Eastop VF, Hille Ris Lambers D (1976) A survey of the world’s Aphids. Dr. W. Junk b.v., Publishers, The Hague, 573 pp.
Favret C (2013) Aphid Species File. Version 5.0/5.0. [7 Apr 2013] http://Aphid.SpeciesFile.org
Ghosh LK (1986) A conspectus of Aphididae (Homoptera) of Himachal Pradesh in Northwest Himalaya, India. Zoological survey of India, Technical Monograph, 16. 282 pp.
Ghosh MR, Basu RC, Raychaudhuri DN (1977) Studies on the aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) from eastern India. XXXV. Three new genera and four new species from northeast India. Oriental Insects, 11 (4): 579-586.
Heie OE (1994) The Aphidoidea (Hemiptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. V (Family Aphididae: Part 2 of tribe Macrosiphini of subfamily Aphidinae). Fauna Entomological Scandinavica, 28: 1-242.
Miyazaki M (1971) A revision of the tribe Macrosiphini of Japan (Homoptera, Aphididae, Aphidinae). Insecta Matsumurana, 34 (1): 1-247.
Passerini G (1860) Gli afidi con un prospetto dei generi ed alcune specie nuove Italiane. Parma, 1860: 1-40.
Raychaudhuri DN (1980) Aphids of North-East India and Bhutan. Dr Ira Sarkar for the Zoological Society Press, Calcutta, 520 pp.
Remaudière G, Remaudière M (1997) Catalogue des Aphididae du Monde. Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Paris, 473 pp.
Takahashi R (1961) Three new genera of the subfamily Aphidinae from Japan (Aphididae, Homoptera). Bull. Univ. Osaka Prefect. (B), 11: 1-10.
Theobald FV (1923) A new genus and two new species of aphides from Ross-Shire. Scot. Nat. , 1923: 19-20.