Research Article
Print
Research Article
Revision of the world species of the genus Habroteleia Kieffer (Hymenoptera, Platygastridae, Scelioninae)
expand article infoHua-yan Chen, Elijah J. Talamas§, Lubomír Masner|, Norman F. Johnson
‡ The Ohio State University, Columbus, United States of America
§ Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Gainesville, United States of America
| Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Canada
Open Access

Abstract

The genus Habroteleia Kieffer is revised. Seven species are recognized, three are redescribed: H. flavipes Kieffer, H. persimilis (Kozlov & Kononova), H. ruficoxa (Kieffer); and four species are described as new: H. mutabilis Chen & Talamas, sp. n., H. salebra Chen & Talamas, sp. n., H. soa Chen & Talamas, sp. n., and H. spinosa Chen & Johnson, sp. n. Four species are treated as junior synonyms of Habroteleia flavipes Kieffer: Chrestoteleia bakeri Kieffer, syn. n., Habroteleia bharatensis Saraswat, syn. n., Habroteleia browni Crawford, syn. n., and Habroteleia kotturensis (Sharma), syn. n. Habroteleia dagavia (Kozlov & Lê), syn. n. is treated as junior synonym of Habroteleia persimilis (Kozlov & Kononova). Baryconus vindhiensis (Sharma), comb. n. is transferred out of Habroteleia Kieffer. Habroteleia impressa (Kieffer) and H. scapularis (Kieffer) remain valid species but their identity and status are unclear.

Keywords

Platygastroidea, identification key, species description

Introduction

The genus Habroteleia was originally described by Kieffer (1905) based on the type species, Habroteleia flavipes Kieffer, collected on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. Kieffer (1913) later proposed Chrestoteleia for a single species, Chrestoteleia bakeri Kieffer, collected from the Philippines, which was treated by Baltazar (1961) as a junior synonym of Habroteleia. Nine species have since been described from India, Japan and the Philippines. We here provide the first comprehensive treatment of the genus, including examination of type specimens of all species except H. impressa (Kieffer) and H. scapularis (Kieffer), for which we were unable to locate type material. The previously described species of Habroteleia were recorded from the Oriental region, extending from India to Japan, and we here provide records that expand the distribution of Habroteleia to include Madagascar, Papua New Guinea, and the Fijian archipelago.

The host of Habroteleia is unknown, but we suspect that it parasitizes orthopteran eggs (large and elongate) based on its elongate body and because Orthoptera is suspected to be the plesiomorphic host group for the platygastroids as a whole (Austin et al. 2005).

The contributions of the authors are as follows. H.-Y. Chen, E. J. Talamas and N.F. Johnson: character definition, generic concept development, species concept development, imaging, key development, manuscript preparation; L. Masner: character definition, generic concept development, species concept development. The authors of the new species are indicated in the heading of each description.

Materials and methods

This work is based upon specimens in the following collections, with abbreviations used in the text: BPBM, Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, HI; CNCI, Canadian National Collection of Insects, Ottawa, Canada; CAS, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA; FSCA, Florida State Collection of Arthropods, Gainesville, FL; IEBR, Institute of Ecology and Biological Resourves, Hanoi, Vietnam; MCSN, Museo Civico de Storia Naturale “Giacomo Doria”, Genoa, Italy; MNHN, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France; OSUC, C.A. Triplehorn Insect Collection, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH; SCAU, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China; UCDC, R.M. Bohart Museum of Entomology, University of California, Davis, CA; ZIN, Zoological Museum, Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Abbreviations and morphological terms used in text: A1, A2, ... A12: antennomere 1, 2, … 12; claval formula: distribution of the large, multiporous basiconic sensilla on the underside of apical antennomeres of the female, with the segment interval specified followed by the number of sensilla per segment (Bin, 1981); EH: eye height, length of compound eye measured parallel to dorsoventral midline of head; IOS: interocular space, minimal distance on frons between compound eyes; OD: ocellar diameter, greatest width of ocellus; OOL: ocular ocellar line, shortest distance from inner orbit and outer margin of posterior ocellus (Masner 1980); T1, T2, ... T7: metasomal tergite 1, 2, ... 7; S1, S2, … S7: metasomal sternite 1, 2, … 7. Morphological terminology otherwise generally follows Masner (1980) and Mikó et al. (2007).

Morphological terms used in this work were as in the Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology (Yoder et al. 2010) (Appendix 1). Identifiers (URIs) in the format HAO_XXXXXXX represent concepts in the HAO and are provided to enable readers to confirm their understanding of the concepts being referenced. To learn more about a given concept, including additional images, notes, references and other metadata, use the identifier as a search term at http://glossary.hymao.org or use the identifier as a web-link.

In the Material Examined section the metadata for the specimens studied are recorded in an abbreviated format, using unique identifiers (numbers prefixed with “OSUC”, “CASENT”, “FBA”, “MNHN_EY”) for the individual specimens. The label data for all specimens have been georeferenced and recorded in the Hymenoptera Online database, and details on the data associated with these specimens can be accessed at the following link, hol.osu.edu, and entering the identifier in the form (note the space between the acronym and the number). The electronic version of the paper contains hyperlinks to external resources. Insofar as possible, the external information conforms to standards developed and maintained through the organization Biodiversity Information Standards (Taxonomic Database Working Group). All new species have been prospectively registered with Zoobank (Polaszek et al. 2005, www.zoobank.org), and other taxonomic names, where appropriate, have been retrospectively registered. The external hyperlinks are explicitly cited in the endnotes so that users of the printed version of this article have access to the same resources.

Data associated with the genus Habroteleia can be accessed at http://hol.osu.edu/index.html?id=488. The generic and species descriptions were generated by a database application, vSysLab (vsyslab.osu.edu), designed to facilitate the production of a taxon by character data matrices, and to integrate those data with the existing taxonomic, media, and specimen-level database. Data may be exported in both text format and as input files for other applications. The text output for descriptions is in the format of “Character: Character state (s)”. Polymorphic characters are indicated by semicolon-separated character states.

Images and measurements were produced with multiple systems. Photographs of IEBR specimens were captured with a Canon Rebel 600 camera connected to a Wild M10 microscope with a Fotoprojektiv 2.5×/SLR 10446175 adapter and stacked with the program Zerene Stacker. A scale bar was calibrated for images taken at the maximum magnification of the microscope. The remaining images were produced with Combine ZP and AutoMontage extended-focus software, using a JVC KY-F75U digital camera, Leica Z16 APOA microscope, and 1X objective lens. Images were post-processed with Abobe Photoshop CS3 Extended. A standard set of images is provided for each species: dorsal habitus, lateral habitus, dorsal and lateral views of the head and mesosoma, and anterior view of head. The individual images are archived in Specimage (specimage.osu.edu), the image database at The Ohio State University.

Images of primary types of H. ruficoxa and H. persimilis were provided by Agnièle Touret-Alby (MNHN) and Konstantin Samartsev (ZIN), respectively. Images of the primary type of Baryconus vindhiensis, Habroteleia bharatensis and Habroteleia kotturensis were made available by Talamas et al. (2017) and images of Triteleia dagavia were made available by Talamas and Pham (2017), all are used in this publication with permission.

Taxonomy

Habroteleia Kieffer

Habroteleia Kieffer, 1905: 14 (original description. Type: Habroteleia flavipes Kieffer, by monotypy); Kieffer 1908: 114 (keyed); Brues 1908: 27, 38 (diagnosis, list of species, keyed); Kieffer 1910: 63, 69 (description, list of species, keyed); Kieffer 1913: 220 (description); Kieffer 1926: 267, 363 (description, keyed, key to species); Muesebeck and Walkley 1956: 357 (citation of type species); Baltazar 1961: 395 (synonymy); Baltazar 1966: 177 (cataloged, catalog of species of the Philippines); Masner 1976: 10, 26 (description, keyed); Mani and Sharma 1982: 155, 167 (description, keyed); Johnson 1992: 398 (cataloged, catalog of world species); Austin and Field 1997: 24, 68 (structure of ovipositor system, discussion of phylogenetic relationships, genus misplaced in Calliscelionini); Lê 2000: 31 (keyed); Kononova and Kozlov 2008: 23, 255 (description, keyed); Chen et al. 2013: 11 (keyed).

http://zoobank.org/CBFA7C74-68DD-44F2-BE05-AEBD88E6FA8D

http://bioguid.osu.edu/xbiod_concepts/488

Chrestoteleia Kieffer, 1913: 388 (original description. Type: Chrestoteleia bakeri Kieffer, by monotypy and original designation. Synonymized by Baltazar (1961)); Kieffer 1926: 271, 442 (description, keyed, key to species); Muesebeck and Walkley 1956: 342 (citation of type species); Baltazar 1961: 395 (junior synonym of Habroteleia Kieffer); Baltazar 1966: 182 (cataloged, catalog of species of the Philippines).

http://zoobank.org/4EA90A05-D50A-42BF-B1C0-852F4B56FCBA

http://bioguid.osu.edu/xbiod_concepts/8933

Crestoteleia Kieffer: Kieffer 1916: 180 (key to new species described from the Philippines, spelling error).

Description

Length 2.18–5.18 mm; body moderately to markedly elongate, robust.

Head. Head shape in dorsal view: transverse. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina: present, complete or broadly interrupted medially. Anterior margin of occipital carina: crenulate. OOL: lateral ocellus nearly contiguous with inner orbits, OOL < 0.5 OD; lateral ocellus contiguous with inner orbit. Upper frons: convex, without frontal shelf or carina. Antennal scrobe: broadly convex or conave medially with distinct depression. Sculpture of antennal scrobe: smooth to punctate. Submedian carina: absent. Orbital carina: absent. Inner orbits: diverging ventrally. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Interantennal process: short, often excavate medially. Central keel: present or absent. Antennal foramen: oriented laterally on interantennal process. Facial striae: absent. Malar sulcus: present. Setation of compound eye: absent. Gena: broad, convex, distinctly produced behind eye. Clypeus shape: narrow, slightly convex medially, lateral corners not produced. Anterior (or ventral) margin of clypeus: straight. Anteclypeus: absent. Postclypeus: absent. Labrum: not visible in anterior view. Number of mandibular teeth: 2. Arrangement of mandibular teeth: transverse. Number of maxillary palpomeres: 4. Shape of maxillary palpomeres: cylindrical. Number of labial palpomeres: 2.

Antenna. Number of antennomeres in female: 12. Number of antennomeres in male: 12. Insertion of radicle into A1: parallel to longitudinal axis of A1. Shape of A1: more or less cylindrical, not flattened. Length of A3 of female: distinctly longer than A2. Number of clavomeres in female antenna: 6. Number of antennomeres with multiporous plate sensilla in female: 5. Arrangement of doubled multiporous plate sensilla on female clava: in longitudinal pairs. Number of antennomeres bearing tyloids in male antenna: 0. Shape of male flagellum: filiform.

Mesosoma. Transverse pronotal carina: present anterior to epomial carina, present or absent posterior to epomial carina. Posterior apex of pronotum in dorsal view: straight, bifid apically to articulate with tegula. Epomial carina: present. Anterior face of pronotum: oblique, visible dorsally, short. Lateral face of pronotum: weakly concave below position of dorsal epomial carina. Netrion: present. Netrion shape: moderately wide, open ventrally. Anterior portion of mesoscutum: vertical, flexed ventrally to meet pronotum. Mesoscutum shape: pentagonal, excavate at base of wings. Skaphion: absent. Notauli: present, percurrent. Parapsidal lines: absent. Antero-admedian lines: absent. Transscutal articulation: well-developed, narrow. Shape of mesoscutellum: trapezoidal. Lateral mesoscutellar spine: absent. Median mesoscutellar spine: absent. Axillular spine: absent. Surface of mesoscutellum: convex throughout. Median longitudinal furrow on mesoscutellum: absent; present. Metascutellum: clearly differentiated. Form of metascutellum: transverse. Posterior margin of metascutellum: straight with a small projection medially. Setation of metascutellum: absent. Metapostnotum: not defined externally. Lateral propodeal projection: present. Median propodeal projection: present. Mesopleural carina: present. Mesal course of acetabular carina: not separating fore coxae. Mesopleural pit: present. Posterodorsal corner of mesopleuron: rounded anteriorly.

Legs. Number of mesotibial spurs: 1. Number of metatibial spurs: 1. Dorsal surface of metacoxa: smooth; punctate. Shape of metacoxa: cylindrical, ecarinate. Trochantellus: indicated by transverse sulcus on femur.

Wings. Wing development of female: macropterous. Wing development of male: macropterous. Tubular veins in fore wing: present. Bulla of fore wing R: absent. Length of marginal vein of fore wing: more than twice as long as stigmal vein. Origin of r-rs in fore wing: arising from marginal vein along costal margin. Basal vein (Rs+M) in fore wing: absent. Development of R vein in hind wing: complete.

Metasoma. Number of external metasomal tergites in female: 6. Number of external metasoma sternites in female: 6. Number of external metasomal tergites in male: 8. Number of external metasomal sternites in male: 8. Shape of metasoma: lanceolate. Laterotergites: present, narrow. Laterosternites: present. T1 of female: flat; medially convex as a small hump anteriorly. Relative size of metasomal segments: T3 longest, T2 and T4 subequal in length. Metasomal tergites with basal crenulae: T2. Sublateral carinae on tergites: absent. Median longitudinal carina on metasomal terga: absent. Shape of female T6: flattened. Anterior margin of S1: not produced anteriorly, straight. Felt fields: absent. Ovipositor: Ceratobaeus-type (Austin and Field 1997).

Diagnosis

Habroteleia can be separated from other scelionines by the combination of the following characters: epomial carina present; malar and facial striae absent; marginal vein many times longer than stigmal vein; postmarginal vein (R1) absent or rudimentary; propodeum with lateral and median projections; T6 in females strongly depressed dorsoventrally to form a flat triangle; male antenna without tyloid (Chen et al. 2013).

The wing venation and large size of Habroteleia make it a relatively easy genus to identify. In all species of Habroteleia the marginal vein is many times longer than the stigmal vein and the postmarginal vein is very short or absent. Macroteleia and Triteleia share the presence of a long marginal vein, though in the latter genus it is variable and the marginal and stigmal veins can be of similar length. However, both Macroteleia and Triteleia have a well-developed postmarginal vein. Habroteleia also differs from these genera in that it has a Ceratobaeus-type ovipositor (Austin and Field 1997). The complexity of this system suggests that while these three genera are quite similar in external appearance, in fact they may not be closely related at all. Alternatively, it implies that the ovipositor system is much more labile than expected. Unfortunately, Habroteleia was not included among the taxa in the phylogenetic analysis of Murphy et al. (2007), and we therefore do not have an independent assessment of its relations. The structure of the ovipositor is of limited use for separating Habroteleia from Triteleia because it is rarely extruded in preserved specimens of the latter, and it is not obvious from external morphology (e.g. visibility of T7 in females) that Habroteleia has a Ceratobaeus-type ovipositor. Chen et al. (2013) provided a key to separate these genera which we here present again.

Key to separate Macroteleia, Triteleia and Habroteleia

1 Postmarginal vein in fore wing absent or rudimentary; ovipositor Ceratobaeus-type Habroteleia Kieffer
Postmarginal vein in fore wing well developed, distinctly longer than stigma vein (r-rs); ovipositor Scelio-type 2
2 Female T6 strongly compressed laterally, wedge-like; male apical tergite apically emarginate or with 1 central spine but never bispinose Macroteleia Westwood
Female T6 triangular, not compressed laterally; male apical tergite with posterolateral conrners bispinose or at least pointed Triteleia Kieffer

Key to females

(unknown for H. ruficoxa (Kieffer))

1 T1 with horn (Figs 14, 20, 26, 32, 38, 62, 76) 2
T1 without horn (Figs 16, 22, 79, 87) 4
2 Posterior vertex largely smooth with sparse to moderate punctures above occipital carina (Fig. 74); gena sparsely punctate (Fig. 72); mesepisternum anteroventral to mesopleural depression largely smooth with sparse punctures (Fig. 72) Habroteleia salebra Chen & Talamas, sp. n.
Posterior vertex densely punctate to punctate rugose (Figs 13, 20, 26, 32, 38, 61); gena densely punctate to punctate rugose (Figs 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 60); mesepisternum anteroventral to mesopleural depression densely punctate to punctate rugose (Figs 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 60) 3
3 Median propodeal projection short (Figs 14, 20, 26, 32, 38); T6 in female longitudinally striate, with fine punctures in interstices (Fig. 88) Habroteleia flavipes Kieffer
Median propodeal projection long (Figs 56, 62); T6 in female densely punctate and without longitudinal striae (Fig. 89) Habroteleia persimilis (Kozlov & Kononova)
4 Central keel of frons present (Figs 80, 86); upper frons densely punctate (Figs 80, 86); transverse sulcus on T2 present (Figs 79, 87) 5
Central keel of frons absent (Figs 45, 51); upper frons sparsely punctate (Figs 45, 51); transverse sulcus on T2 absent (Figs 16, 22) Habroteleia mutabilis Chen & Talamas, sp. n.
5 Apex of T6 in female rounded (Fig. 81); posterior vertex punctate rugose (Fig. 80) Habroteleia soa Chen & Talamas, sp. n.
Apex of T6 in female with small spine (Fig. 5); posterior vertex smooth with sparse punctures (Fig. 85) Habroteleia spinosa Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Key to males

1 Apex of T8 with apical spine (Fig. 3) 2
Apex of T8 without apical spine (Fig. 4) 4
2 Occipital carina interrupted medially (Fig. 74); posterior vertex largely smooth with sparse to moderate punctures above occipital carina (Fig. 74); gena sparsely punctate (Fig. 72) Habroteleia salebra Chen & Talamas, sp. n.
Occipital carina complete (Figs 14, 20, 26, 32, 38, 80); posterior vertex densely punctate or punctate rugose (Figs 14, 20, 26, 32, 38, 79); gena densely punctate or punctate rugose (Figs 12, 24, 30, 36, 78) 3
3 Central keel absent (Figs 21, 27); netrion rugulose anteriorly, smooth posteriorly, sometimes smooth only along posterior margin (Fig. 6); T1 densely longitudinally striate with rugulose interstices (Figs 22, 34, 40) Habroteleia flavipes Kieffer
Central keel present (Fig. 80); netrion coarsely striate (Fig. 78); T1 sparsely longitudinally striate, smooth in interstices (Fig. 79) Habroteleia soa Chen & Talamas, sp. n.
4 Central keel absent (Figs 45, 51); transverse sulcus on T2 absent (Figs 46, 52) Habroteleia mutabilis Chen & Talamas, sp. n.
Central keel present (Figs 57, 69, 86); transverse sulcus on T2 present (Figs 64, 70, 87) 5
5 Median propodeal projection long (Figs 56, 60, 62); notaulus formed by contiguous punctures (Figs 56, 61) Habroteleia persimilis (Kozlov & Kononova)
Median propodeal projection short (Figs 66, 85); notaulus formed by discrete punctures (Figs 68, 85) 7
7 Posterior vertex punctate rugose (Fig. 68); mesoscutal midlobe densely punctate (Fig. 68); gena punctate rugose throughout (Fig. 66) Habroteleia ruficoxa (Kieffer)
Posterior vertex smooth with sparse punctures (Fig. 85); mesoscutal midlobe densely and finely punctate along anterior margin, otherwise smooth (Fig. 85): gena sparsely punctate (Fig. 83) Habroteleia ruficoxa Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Baryconus vindhiensis (Sharma), comb. n.

Figures 7–10

Triteleia vindhiensis Sharma, 1981: 451 (original description); Mani and Sharma 1982: 168 (description, generic transfer).

Habroteleia vindhiensis (Sharma): Johnson 1992: 399 (cataloged, type information).

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female, T. vindhiensis: INDIA: Madhya Pradesh St., 21.5, Panna-Satna Road, 9.IX–10.IX.1979, M. S. Mani et al., USNMENT01197073 (deposited in USNM).

Comments

The deep frontal depression margined by a sharp carina (Fig. 8), pronounced occiput (Fig. 9), long postmarginal vein and short marginal vein (Fig. 9) clearly indicate that this species belongs to Baryconus.

Habroteleia flavipes Kieffer

Figures 6, 11–16, 17–22, 23–28, 29–34, 35–40, 88

Habroteleia flavipes Kieffer, 1905: 15 (original description, keyed); Kieffer 1926: 363 (description, keyed); Bin 1974: 455 (type information); Johnson 1992: 399 (cataloged, type information).

Habroteleia browni Crawford, 1910: 125 (original description); Kieffer 1926: 363, 364 (description, keyed); Baltazar 1966: 177 (cataloged, synonymy, type information, distribution); Masner and Muesebeck 1968: 37 (type information); Johnson 1992: 399 (cataloged, type information), syn. n.

http://zoobank.org/EC09DB18-92D9-4FB1-B986-3F7EAD7D54E4

http://bioguid.osu.edu/xbiod_concepts/4534

Chrestoteleia Bakeri Kieffer, 1913: 389 (original description); Kelner-Pillault 1958: 150 (type information); Johnson 1992: 399 (type information), syn. n.

http://zoobank.org/F18A3905-9A5A-4755-A56A-5379E8564044

http://bioguid.osu.edu/xbiod_concepts/8935

Chrestoteleia bakeri Kieffer: Kieffer, 1926: 443 (description, keyed); Baltazar 1966: 177 (junior synonym of Habroteleia browni Crawford); Baltazar 1966: 182 (cataloged, type information, distribution).

Habroteleia bakeri (Kieffer): Baltazar 1961: 395 (generic transfer, diagnosis).

Habroteleia bharatensis Saraswat, 1978: 7 (original description); Mani and Sharma 1982: 167 (description); Johnson 1992: 398 (cataloged), syn. n.

http://zoobank.org/309A96B1-1DCA-45CA-B1AB-1D6E570C7E07

http://bioguid.osu.edu/xbiod_concepts/4533

Triteleia kotturensis Sharma, 1981: 447 (original description), syn. n.

http://zoobank.org/28DFECE9-8723-4ACA-BB61-96B11C9546A8

http://bioguid.osu.edu/xbiod_concepts/8940

Habroteleia kotturensis (Sharma): Mani and Sharma 1982: 168 (description, generic transfer); Johnson 1992: 399 (cataloged, type information)

Description

Body length of female: 4.36–4.72 mm (n=20). Body length of male: 4.15–4.52 mm (n=20). Length of A3 in male: longer than A2. Punctation of frons above antennal scrobe: dense. Sculpture of antennal scrobe: punctate rugose to smooth. Central keel: absent. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: punctate rugose. Occipital carina: complete. Sculpture of posterior vertex: densely punctate to punctate rugose. Sculpture of gena: densely punctate to punctate rugose. Sculpture of occiput: punctate rugose.

Color of mesosoma: black. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: punctate rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: densely punctate. Sculpture of netrion: anterior half rugulose, posterior half smooth. Setae of netrion: dense throughout. Sculpture of notaulus: contiguously punctate. Sculpture of mesoscutal midlobe: largely punctate rugose, with a medial furrow and smooth areas laterally. Sculpture of lateral lobe of mesoscutum: sparsely punctate. Sculpture of lateral propodeal area: rugose. Setation of mesoscutellum: dense. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: coarsely punctate rugose. Median propodeal projection: short. Mesopleural carina: distinct. Sculpture of mesepisternum anteroventral to mesopleural depression: punctate rugose. Sculpture of dorsal metapleural area: smooth to rugulose. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: punctate rugose. Setation of ventral metapleural area: dense. Color of legs: orange-yellow to dark brown; dark brown to black. Sculpture of hind coxa: densely punctate.

Color of metasoma: black; black with T3T4 and S2S5 partly brown to yellow. T1 horn in female: present. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: densely longitudinally striate, punctate rugulose in interstices. Transverse sulcus on T2: present. Sculpture of T2T5: densely longitudinally striate, with fine punctures in interstices. Sculpture of T6 in female: densely longitudinally striate, with fine punctures in interstices. Length of T6 in female: distinctly longer than wide. Apex of T6 in female: round. Sculpture of S2: longitudinally striate rugose. Sculpture of T1 in male: densely longitudinally striate, punctate rugulose in interstices. Male T8 apical spine: present.

Figures 1–6. 

1–2 Habroteleia mutabilis sp. n. 1 Paratype (FBA 143219), Propodeum, dorsolateral view 2 Holotype (FBA 070892), Propodeum, dorsolateral view 3 Habroteleia salebra sp. n., male, paratype (OSUC 688063), Apex of metasoma, dorsal view 4 Habroteleia spinosa sp. n., male, paratype (OSUC 232878), Apex of metasoma, dorsal view 5 Habroteleia spinosa sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 232889), Apex of metasoma, dorsal view 6 Habroteleia flavipes, male (OSUC 58007), Pronotum, lateral view.

Figures 7–10. 

Baryconus vindhiensis, female, holotype (USNMENT01197073). 7 Lateral habitus 8 Head, lateral view 9 Dorsal habitus 10 Labels.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to H. persimilis but can be distinguished by its short median propodeal projection and longitudinally striate T6 in female.

Link to distribution map

[http://hol.osu.edu/map-large.html?id=4535]

Figures 11–16. 

Habroteleia flavipes, female, holotype (MCSN 0001). 11 Lateral habitus 12 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 13 Dorsal habitus 14 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 15 Head, lateral view 16 Metasoma and wings, dorsal view.

Figures 17–22. 

Habroteleia bharatensis, female, holotype (USNMENT01197132). 17 Lateral habitus 18 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 19 Dorsal habitus 20 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 21 Head, anterior view 22 Metasoma, dorsal view.

Material examined

Holotype of Habroteleia flavipes Kieffer, female: INDONESIA: Sumatera Utara Prov., Sumatra Isl., Pangherang Pisang, X.1890 – III.1891, E. Modigliani, MCSN 0001 (deposited in MCSN). Holotype of Habroteleia bharatensis Saraswat, female: INDIA: West Bengal St., 16.4, Poro North, 6.IV–24.IV.1976, M. S. Mani, USNMENT01197132 (deposited in USNM). Syntype of Chrestoteleia bakeri Kieffer, female: PHILIPPINES: Laguna Prov., Los Baños, no date, Baker, ANIC DB 32-020728 (deposited in ANIC). Syntype of Chrestoteleia Bakeri Kieffer, female: PHILIPPINES: Laguna Prov., Los Baños, no date, Baker, MNHN 0013 (deposited in MNHN). Holotype of Habroteleia browni Crawford, female: PHILIPPINES: Metropolitan Manila Reg., Manila, no date, R. Brown, USNM Type No. 12894 (deposited in USNM). Holotype of Triteleia kotturensis Sharma, female: INDIA: Kerala St., 24.8, Kottur, 4.X.1980, M. S. Mani et al., USNMENT01197074 (deposited in USNM). Other material: (137 females, 79 males, 1 unknown) BANGLADESH: 2 females, OSUC 688056–688057 (CNCI). BRUNEI: 1 female, OSUC 232932 (BPBM). CAMBODIA: 1 female, OSUC 232935 (BPBM). CHINA: 23 females, 7 males, OSUC 232920 (BPBM); SCAU 2010100389, 2010100402, 2010100419, 2010100431, 2010100437, 2010100445–2010100446, 2010100459, 2010100464, 2010100495, 2010100497, 2010100499, 2010100502, 2010100504–2010100505, 2010100508–2010100512, 2010100514, 2010100517–2010100518, 2010100521–2010100522, 2010100524–2010100526, 2010100552 (SCAU). INDIA: 1 male, OSUC 688053 (CNCI). INDONESIA: 58 females, 23 males, OSUC 232906 (BPBM); OSUC 687960–688009, 688014–688041 (CNCI); OSUC 58007–58008 (OSUC). LAOS: 2 females, 3 males, OSUC 687955–687959 (CNCI). MALAYSIA: 23 females, 26 males, OSUC 232907–232914, 232916–232919, 232923, 232931, 232933-232934, 232937, 246583 (BPBM); OSUC 687944–687954, 688058-688059 (CNCI); OSUC 491881–491896, 536427 (OSUC); OSUC 179084 (UCDC). PHILIPPINES: 1 female, 3 males, OSUC 232925–232928 (BPBM). SOUTH KOREA: 7 females, 2 males, 1 unknown, OSUC 687939 (CNCI); USNMENT01335741, 01335743–01335745, 01335747–01335749 (FSCA); USNMENT01335740, 01335742 (OSUC). SRI LANKA: 1 male, OSUC 688055 (CNCI). THAILAND: 16 females, 13 males, OSUC 232921–232922, 232924 (BPBM); OSUC 688042, 688049–688051 (CNCI); OSUC 321998–322002, 370249, 374199–374201, 381766–381770, 688080–688087 (OSUC). VIETNAM: 3 females, OSUC 232915 (BPBM); OSUC 688052 (CNCI); OSUC 284756 (OSUC).

Comments

The metasomal color in H. flavipes varies from entirely dark brown to having T3T4 and S2S5 mostly yellow, apparently without any correlation with geography. In males, the length of the spine at the apex of T8 varies from short to long, but it is always present.

Figures 23–28. 

Habroteleia browni, female, holotype (USNM Type No. 12894). 23 Lateral habitus 24 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 25 Dorsal habitus 26 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 27 Head, anterior view 28 Metasoma and wings, dorsal view.

Figures 29–34. 

Chrestoteleia bakeri, female, holotype (MNHN 0013). 29 Lateral habitus 30 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 31 Dorsal habitus 32 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 33 Head, anterior view 34 Metasoma and wings, dorsal view.

Figures 35–40. 

Habroteleia kotturensis, female, holotype (USNMENT01197074). 35 Lateral habitus 36 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 37 Dorsal habitus 38 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 39 Head, lateral view 40 Metasoma and wings, dorsal view.

Habroteleia impressa (Kieffer)

Crestoteleia impressa Kieffer, 1916: 180, 181 (original description, keyed, spelling error).

Chrestoteleia impressa Kieffer: Kieffer 1926: 443 (description, keyed); Baltazar 1966: 182 (cataloged, distribution).

Habroteleia impressa (Kieffer): Baltazar 1966: 177 (cataloged, generic transfer, distribution); Johnson 1992: 399 (cataloged, type information).

Comments

We were unable to locate the type specimens of this species, and its status and identity are unclear.

Habroteleia mutabilis Chen & Talamas, sp. n.

Figures 1–2, 41–46, 47–52

Description

Body length of female: 3.60–3.74 mm (n=20). Body length of male: 3.36–3.72 mm (n=20). Length of A3 in male: longer than A2. Punctation of frons above antennal scrobe: sparse. Sculpture of antennal scrobe: foveate. Central keel: absent. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: denstly punctate. Occipital carina: complete. Sculpture of posterior vertex: punctate rugose. Sculpture of gena: punctate rugose ventrally, sparsely punctate dorsally. Sculpture of occiput: smooth.

Color of mesosoma: black; orange. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: punctate rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth anteriorly, foveate posteriorly. Sculpture of netrion: coarsely striate. Setae of netrion: sparse throughout. Sculpture of notaulus: discretely punctate. Sculpture of mesoscutal midlobe: coarsely carinate with two rows of contiguous coarse punctures; largely smooth, with two rows of discrete coarse punctures. Sculpture of lateral lobe of mesoscutum: smooth. Sculpture of lateral propodeal area: foveate. Setation of mesoscutellum: sparse. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: sparsely punctate. Median propodeal projection: short; long. Mesopleural carina: distinct. Sculpture of mesepisternum anteroventral to mesopleural depression: smooth with a row of punctures along mesopleural carina. Sculpture of dorsal metapleural area: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: smooth to foveate. Setation of ventral metapleural area: sparse. Color of legs: orange-yellow to dark brown; dark brown to black. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of metasoma: black; orange with dark brown to black patches. T1 horn in female: absent. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: sparsely longitudinally striate. Transverse sulcus on T2: absent. Sculpture of T2T5: T2T3 sparsely longitudinally striate throughout, T4T5 smooth medially, longitudinally striate. Sculpture of T6 in female: smooth. Length of T6 in female: wider than long. Apex of T6 in female: round. Sculpture of S2: sparsely longitudinally striate. Sculpture of T1 in male: sparsely longitudinally striate, smooth in interstices. Male T8 apical spine: absent.

Figures 41–46. 

Habroteleia mutabilis sp. n., female, holotype (FBA 142603). 41 Lateral habitus 42 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 43 Dorsal habitus 44 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 45 Head, anterior view 46 Metasoma and wings, dorsal view.

Etymology

The epithet is inspired by the Latin word for changeable, in reference to the variations in body color, sculpture of mesoscutal midlobe, and the length of median propodeal projection, and is intended to be treated as an adjective.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: FIJI: Northern Div., Bua Prov., Vanua Levu Isl., 6km NW Kilaka Village, MT5, 98m, 16.807°S, 178.991°E, Batiqere Range, 28.VI–21.VII.2004, Malaise trap, Schlinger & Tokota’a, FBA 142603 (deposited in BPBM). Paratypes: FIJI: 53 females, 27 males, FBA 070892, OSUC 232898, OSUC 232901, OSUC 232902, OSUC 232903, OSUC 232904, OSUC 232905 (BPBM); FBA 014394, 014404, 014409, 014413-014414, 019832, 025807, 025815, 029311, 029313, 029315, 029318-029320, 029323, 032077, 032086, 036322, 036328, 047849, 047855, 058998, 059005, 059026, 070887, 070893-070894, 082922, 084174-084175, 084181, 084183, 088442, 094483, 094485, 094487, 099217, 101111, 101129, 101568, 140945, 140956, 140961, 142806, 143124, 143130, 143134, 143209, 143217-143219, 144459, 151785, 151788, 164303, 166124, 166126, 166129, 166160, 166162-166163, 179833, 179838, 182136, 182139-182140, 182142, 186114, 188585, 188680, OSUC 688078, OSUC 688161, OSUC 688162 (CNCI). Other material: FIJI: 1 female, 1 male, OSUC 232900 (BPBM); FBA 084185 (CNCI).

Comments

This species is well supported by many characters, although the color of mesosoma and metasoma, sculpture of mesoscutal midlobe, and the length of median propodeal projection are variable. The color of mesosoma and metasoma varies from orange to dark brown. The sculpture of the mesoscutal midlobe varies from largely smooth with two rows of discrete coarse punctures to coarsely carinate with two rows of contiguous coarse punctures. The length of the median propodeal projection varies from short to long. These variations are gradual among specimens. Therefore, we consider them as intraspecific rather than interspecific differences.

Figures 47–52. 

Habroteleia mutabilis sp. n., female, paratype (FBA 070892). 47 Lateral habitus 48 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 49 Dorsal habitus 50 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 51 Head, anterior view 52 Metasoma and wings, dorsal view.

Habroteleia persimilis (Kozlov & Kononova)

Figures 53–58, 59–64, 89–90

Triteleia persimilis Kozlov & Kononova, 1985: 15, 17 (original description. Keyed); Kozlov and Kononova 1990: 174, 178 (description, keyed); Johnson 1992: 509 (cataloged, type information); Kononova 1995: 69 (keyed); Kononova and Petrov 2000: 28 (keyed).

Habroteleia persimilis (Kozlov & Kononova): Kononova and Kozlov 2008: 255 (description, generic transfer).

Triteleia dagavia Kozlov & Lê, 1995: 441, 445 (original description, keyed); Kozlov and Lê 1996: 9, 14 (described as new, keyed); Lê 2000: 76, 341 (description, keyed, type information), syn. n.

http://zoobank.org/451262B6-B23F-487F-A870-AAB91CB1E35A

http://bioguid.osu.edu/xbiod_concepts/28154

Habroteleia dagavia (Kozlov & Lê): Talamas and Pham 2017: 227 (type information, generic transfer).

Description

Body length of female: 4.75–5.18 mm (n=20). Body length of male: 4.25–4.74 mm (n=20). Length of A3 in male: longer than A2. Punctation of frons above antennal scrobe: dense. Sculpture of antennal scrobe: punctate rugose to smooth. Central keel: present. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: punctate rugose. Occipital carina: complete. Sculpture of posterior vertex: punctate rugose. Sculpture of gena: punctate rugose. Sculpture of occiput: densely finely punctate.

Color of mesosoma: black. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: punctate rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth anteriorly, foveate posteriorly. Sculpture of netrion: coarsely striate. Setae of netrion: sparse throughout. Sculpture of notaulus: contiguously punctate. Sculpture of mesoscutal midlobe: largely densely punctate, with a medial furrow and smooth areas laterally. Sculpture of lateral lobe of mesoscutum: sparsely punctate. Sculpture of lateral propodeal area: rugose. Setation of mesoscutellum: dense. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: coarsely punctate rugose. Median propodeal projection: long. Mesopleural carina: distinct. Sculpture of mesepisternum anteroventral to mesopleural depression: punctate rugose. Sculpture of dorsal metapleural area: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: rugose. Setation of ventral metapleural area: dense. Color of legs: orange-yellow. Sculpture of hind coxa: densely punctate.

Color of metasoma: black. T1 horn in female: present. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: largely longitudinally striate with horn punctate rugose. Transverse sulcus on T2: present. Sculpture of T2T5: densely longitudinally striate, with fine punctures in interstices. Sculpture of T6 in female: densely punctate. Length of T6 in female: distinctly longer than wide. Apex of T6 in female: round. Sculpture of S2: densely longitudinally striate, punctate in interstices. Sculpture of T1 in male: densely longitudinally striate, punctate rugulose in interstices. Male T8 apical spine: absent.

Figures 53–58. 

Triteleia persimilis, female, holotype (ZMAS 0139). 53 Lateral habitus 54 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 55 Dorsal habitus 56 Mesosoma, dorsal view 57 Head, anterior view 58 Metasoma, dorsal view.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to H. flavipes but can be distinguished by its long median propodeal projection and densely punctate T6 in female.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female, T. persimilis: JAPAN: Aichi Pref., Honshu Isl., Inuyama City, 6.X.1981, E. Sugonyaev, ZIN 0014 (deposited in ZIN). Holotype of Triteleia dagavia Kozlov & Lê, female: VIETNAM: Quang Nam Prov., Lang Stream, forest, Dak Pring, 31.X.1979, X. H. Lê, IEBR 0143 (deposited in IEBR). Other material: (48 females, 43 males) CHINA: 6 females, 10 males, SCAU 2010100315–2010100317, 2010100319–2010100320, 2010100322, 2010100330, 2010100335, 2010100337–2010100340, 2010100347, 2010100349, 2010100352–2010100353 (SCAU). JAPAN: 40 females, 29 males, OSUC 687863, 687865–687909, 687914–687936 (CNCI). SOUTH KOREA: 2 females, 4 males, OSUC 687937–687938, 687940–687943 (CNCI).

Comments

Habroteleia persimilis, like H. flavipes, has a distribution that spans a large latitudinal range, extending from central Vietnam into the Palearctic region in Japan and South Korea.

Figures 59–64. 

Triteleia dagavia, female, holotype (IEBR 0143). 59 Lateral habitus 60 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 61 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 62 Propodeum, dorsolateral view 63 Head, lateral view 64 Metasoma, dorsal view.

Habroteleia ruficoxa (Kieffer)

Figures 65–70

Phaedroteleia ruficoxa Kieffer, 1916: 182, 183 (original description. Keyed); Kieffer 1926: 418 (description, keyed); Kelner-Pillault 1958: 151 (type information); Baltazar 1966: 181 (cataloged, type information, distribution).

Habroteleia ruficoxa (Kieffer): Masner 1976: 26 (generic transfer); Johnson 1992: 399 (cataloged, type information).

Description

Body length of male: 4.0 mm (n=1). Length of A3 in male: as long as A2.

Punctation of frons above antennal scrobe: sparse. Sculpture of antennal scrobe: foveate. Central keel: present. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: punctate rugose. Occipital carina: complete. Sculpture of posterior vertex: punctate rugose. Sculpture of gena: punctate rugose. Sculpture of occiput: smooth.

Color of mesosoma: black. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: punctate rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth anteriorly, foveate posteriorly. Sculpture of netrion: coarsely striate. Setae of netrion: dense throughout. Sculpture of notaulus: discretely punctate. Sculpture of mesoscutal midlobe: densely punctate. Sculpture of lateral lobe of mesoscutum: sparsely punctate. Sculpture of lateral propodeal area: rugose. Setation of mesoscutellum: sparse. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: sparsely punctate. Median propodeal projection: short. Mesopleural carina: distinct. Sculpture of mesepisternum anteroventral to mesopleural depression: largely smooth with sparse punctures. Sculpture of dorsal metapleural area: rugose. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: rugose. Setation of ventral metapleural area: dense. Color of legs: orange-yellow. Sculpture of hind coxa: densely punctate.

Color of metasoma: black. Transverse sulcus on T2: present. Sculpture of T2T5: sparsely longitudinally striate, smooth in interstices. Sculpture of T1 in male: sparsely longitudinally striate, smooth in interstices. Male T8 apical spine: absent.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, male, P. ruficoxa: PHILIPPINES: Mindanao Isl., Butuan Chartered City, no date, Baker, MNHN_EY3427 (deposited in MNHN).

Figures 65–70. 

Phaedroteleia ruficoxa, male, holotype (MNHN_EY3427). 65 Lateral habitus 66 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 67 Dorsal habitus 68 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 69 Head, anterior view 70 Metasoma, dorsal view.

Comments

The holotype specimen of Habroteleia ruficoxa is in reasonably good condition in that the characters used for diagnosis at the species level are readily accessible. The challenge is that the species was described from a single male and in the course of this revision we did not encounter any additional specimens of H. ruficoxa. The absence of a spine on T8 in the male, the largely smooth surface of the mesoscutum and mesoscutellum, and the notauli weakly indicated by punctures place the holotype specimen well outside of our concept of H. flavipes, the only other species of Habroteleia known from the Philippines.

Habroteleia salebra Chen & Talamas, sp. n.

Figures 3, 71–76

Description

Body length of female: 4.28–4.90 mm (n=20). Body length of male: 4.30–4.73mm (n=20). Length of A3 in male: longer than A2. Punctation of frons above antennal scrobe: sparse. Sculpture of antennal scrobe: smooth. Central keel: absent. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: punctate rugose. Occipital carina: interrupted medially. Sculpture of posterior vertex: smooth with sparse punctures. Sculpture of gena: sparsely punctate. Sculpture of occiput: densely finely punctate.

Color of mesosoma: black. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: punctate rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth anteriorly, foveate posteriorly. Sculpture of netrion: coarsely striate. Setae of netrion: sparse throughout. Sculpture of notaulus: discretely punctate. Sculpture of mesoscutal midlobe: densely and finely punctate along anterior margin, sparsely punctate along posterior margin, otherwise smooth. Sculpture of lateral lobe of mesoscutum: smooth. Sculpture of lateral propodeal area: rugose. Setation of mesoscutellum: sparse. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: coarsely punctate rugose. Median propodeal projection: short. Mesopleural carina: weakly developed. Sculpture of mesepisternum anteroventral to mesopleural depression: largely smooth with sparse punctures. Sculpture of dorsal metapleural area: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: punctate rugose. Setation of ventral metapleural area: dense. Color of legs: dark brown to black. Sculpture of hind coxa: densely punctate.

Color of metasoma: black. T1 horn in female: present. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: densely longitudinally striate, punctate rugulose in interstices. Transverse sulcus on T2: present. Sculpture of T2T5: densely longitudinally striate, with fine punctures in interstices. Sculpture of T6 in female: densely punctate. Length of T6 in female: distinctly longer than wide. Apex of T6 in female: round. Sculpture of S2: sparsely longitudinally striate medially, with fine punctures in interstices, irregularly finely punctate laterally. Sculpture of T1 in male: densely longitudinally striate, punctate rugulose in interstices. Male T8 apical spine: present.

Figures 71–76. 

Habroteleia salebra sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 688076). 71 Lateral habitus 72 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 73 Dorsal habitus 74 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 75 Head, anterior view 76 Metasoma and wings, dorsal view.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to H. spinosa but can be distinguished by the round apex of T6 in females and the absence of a spine on the apex of T8 in males.

Etymology

The epithet is inspired by the Latin word for a rough, uneven road, in reference to the glabrous netrion sulcus adjacent to the setose posterior portion of the netrion, and is intended to be treated as a noun in apposition.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: PAPUA NEW GUINEA: Madang Prov., 100m, 04°16'S 144°58'E, Morox, 1.VIII–18.VIII.2006, yellow pan trap, V. Iwam, OSUC 688076 (deposited in CNCI). Paratypes: (21 females, 12 males) INDONESIA: 1 female, OSUC 232875 (BPBM). PAPUA NEW GUINEA: 20 females, 12 males, OSUC 232876–232877, 232879–232884, 232886, 232890–232892, 232894–232897 (BPBM); OSUC 688060–688063, 688065–688075, 688077 (CNCI).

Habroteleia scapularis (Kieffer)

Crestoteleia scapularis Kieffer, 1916: 180 (original description, keyed, spelling error).

Chrestoteleia scapularis Kieffer: Kieffer 1926: 443, 444 (description, keyed); Baltazar 1966: 182 (cataloged, distribution).

Habroteleia scapularis (Kieffer): Baltazar 1966: 177 (cataloged, generic transfer, distribution); Johnson 1992: 399 (cataloged, type information).

Comments

We were not able to locate the type specimens of this species, and its status and identity are unclear.

Habroteleia soa Chen & Talamas, sp. n.

Figures 77–81

Description

Body length of female: 3.72 mm (n=1). Length of A3 in male: longer than A2. Length of A3 in male: longer than A2. Punctation of frons above antennal scrobe: dense. Sculpture of antennal scrobe: smooth. Central keel: present. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: punctate rugose. Occipital carina: complete. Sculpture of posterior vertex: punctate rugose. Sculpture of gena: punctate rugose ventrally, sparsely punctate dorsally. Sculpture of occiput: rugulose.

Color of mesosoma: black. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: punctate rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth anteriorly, foveate posteriorly. Sculpture of netrion: coarsely striate. Setae of netrion: sparse throughout. Sculpture of notaulus: contiguously punctate. Sculpture of mesoscutal midlobe: punctate rugose on the anterior margin, otherwise largely smooth with two rows of discrete punctures. Sculpture of lateral lobe of mesoscutum: smooth. Sculpture of lateral propodeal area: rugose. Setation of mesoscutellum: sparse. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: coarsely punctate rugose. Median propodeal projection: short. Mesopleural carina: weakly developed. Sculpture of mesepisternum anteroventral to mesopleural depression: smooth with a row of punctures along mesopleural carina. Sculpture of dorsal metapleural area: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: punctate rugose. Setation of ventral metapleural area: sparse. Color of legs: orange-yellow to dark brown. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of metasoma: black. T1 horn in female: absent. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: sparsely longitudinally striate. Transverse sulcus on T2: present. Sculpture of T2T5: T2T4 sparsely longitudinally striate, with fine punctures in interstices, T5 densely longitudinally striate punctate. Sculpture of T6 in female: densely punctate. Length of T6 in female: wider than long. Apex of T6 in female: round. Sculpture of S2: longitudinally striate rugose. Sculpture of T1 in male: sparsely longitudinally striate, smooth in interstices. Male T8 apical spine: present.

Figures 77–81. 

Habroteleia soa sp. n., female, holotype (CASENT 2136859). 77 Lateral habitus 78 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 79 Dorsal habitus 80 Head, anterior view 81 T5 and T6, dorsal view.

Etymology

The Malagasy word “soa” means “beautiful” or “excellent”. We apply it to this species because we find it to be both of these. The name is treated as a noun in apposition.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: MADAGASCAR: Antsiranana Auto. Prov., 5km W Manantenina, Camp Mantella, low altitude rainforest, MA-31-32, 490m, 14°26.29'S 49°46.44'E, Marojejy National Park, 14.X–22.X.2005, Malaise trap, M. Irwin & R. Harin’Hala, CASENT 2136859 (deposited in CAS). Paratypes: MADAGASCAR: 3 males, CASENT 2132434–2132435 (OSUC), 2135976 (CAS).

Comments

Habroteleia soa is the most geographically disjunct member of the genus, separated from the other species by the Indian Ocean. Despite this separation, it is not morphologically unusual in comparison with the other species, suggesting either that there is a relatively recent division between H. soa and the other species, that the morphology of the genus evolves rather slowly, or that there has been insufficient sampling in the intervening areas (e.g., east Africa, the moist southern part of the Arabian peninsula, India, and all other intervening regions).

Habroteleia spinosa Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Figures 4–5, 82–87

Description

Body length of female: 3.51–3.52 mm (n=2). Body length of male: 3.37–3.81 mm (n=6). Length of A3 in male: longer than A2. Punctation of frons above antennal scrobe: dense. Sculpture of antennal scrobe: punctate rugose. Central keel: present. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: punctate rugose. Occipital carina: interrupted medially. Sculpture of posterior vertex: smooth with sparse punctures. Sculpture of gena: sparsely punctate. Sculpture of occiput: smooth.

Color of mesosoma: black. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: sparsely punctate. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: largely smooth, with sparsely punctures medially. Sculpture of netrion: coarsely striate ventrally, rugulose dorsally. Setae of netrion: dense throughout. Sculpture of notaulus: discretely punctate. Sculpture of mesoscutal midlobe: densely finely punctate along anterior margin, otherwise smooth. Sculpture of lateral lobe of mesoscutum: smooth. Sculpture of lateral propodeal area: rugose. Setation of mesoscutellum: sparse. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: sparsely punctate. Median propodeal projection: short. Mesopleural carina: distinct. Sculpture of mesepisternum anteroventral to mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of dorsal metapleural area: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: rugose. Setation of ventral metapleural area: dense. Color of legs: dark brown to black. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of metasoma: black. T1 horn in female: absent. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: densely longitudinally striate, punctate rugulose in interstices. Transverse sulcus on T2: present. Sculpture of T2T5: densely longitudinally striate, punctate rugulose in interstices. Sculpture of T6 in female: rugose. Length of T6 in female: wider than long. Apex of T6 in female: pointed. Sculpture of S2: sparsely longitudinally striate medially, with fine punctures in interstices, irregularly finely punctate laterally. Sculpture of T1 in male: sparsely longitudinally striate, smooth in interstices. Male T8 apical spine: absent.

Figures 82–87. 

Habroteleia spinosa sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 232889). 82 Lateral habitus 83 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 84 Dorsal habitus 85 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 86 Head, anterior view 87 Metasoma and wings, dorsal view.

Figures 88–90. 

88 Habroteleia flavipes, female (OSUC 688019), T5 and T6, dorsal view. 89–90 Habroteleia persimilis, female (OSUC 687934) 89 T5 and T6, dorsal view 90 Wings.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to H. salebra but can be distinguished by the pointed apex of T6 in females and the spine at the apex of T8 in males,

Etymology

The specific epithet means spiny, referring to the pointed apex of T6 in females and should be treated as an adjective.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: INDONESIA: Papua Prov., W New Guinea Isl., Central Mts., Archbold Lake, 760m, 26.XI–3.XII.1961, sweeping, L. W. Quate, OSUC 232889 (deposited in BPBM). Paratypes: (1 female, 6 males) INDONESIA: 6 males, OSUC 232878, 232887, 232893, 232929–232930, 234491 (BPBM). PAPUA NEW GUINEA: 1 female, OSUC 232888 (BPBM).

Acknowledgments

Thanks to L. Musetti and S. Hemly (OSUC) for essential assistance with specimen handling, software, and databasing; Agnièle Touret-Alby (MNHN) and Konstantin Samartsev (ZIN) for imaging type material. We thank the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services – Division of Plant Industry for their support on this contribution.This material is based upon work supported in part by the National Science Foundation of USA under grant No. DEB-0614764 to N.F. Johnson and A.D. Austin.

References

  • Austin AD, Field SA (1997) The ovipositor system of scelionid and platygastrid wasps (Hymenoptera: Platygastroidea): comparative morphology and phylogenetic implications. Invertebrate Taxonomy 11: 1–87. https://doi.org/10.1071/IT95048
  • Baltazar CR (1961) New generic synonyms in parasitic Hymenoptera. Philippine Journal of Science 90: 391–395.
  • Baltazar CR (1966) A catalogue of Philippine Hymenoptera (with a bibliography, 1758–1963). Pacific Insects Monographs 8: 1–488.
  • Bin F (1981) Definition of female antennal clava based on its plate sensilla in Hymenoptera Scelionidae Telenominae. Redia 64: 245–261.
  • Bin F (1974) The types of Scelionidae [Hymenoptera: Proctotrupoidea] in some Italian collections (Museums of Genoa and Florence, Institute of Portici). Entomophaga 19: 453–466. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02372781
  • Brues CT (1908) Hymenoptera. Fam. Scelionidae. Genera Insectorum 80: 1–59.
  • Johnson NF (1992) Catalog of world Proctotrupoidea excluding Platygastridae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 51: 1–825.
  • Kelner-Pillault S (1958) Catalogue de quelques types d’Hyménoptères provenant de la collection de l’Abbé J. J. Kieffer. Bulletin du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (2)30: 146–153.
  • Kieffer JJ (1905) Nouveaux Proctotrypides exotiques conservés au Musée Civique de Gênes. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria (Genova) 2(2): 9–39.
  • Kieffer JJ (1908) Revision des Scelionidae (Hyménoptères). Annales de la Société Scientifique de Bruxelles. Mémoires 32: 111–250.
  • Kieffer JJ (1910) Hymenoptera. Fam. Scelionidae. Addenda et corrigenda. Genera Insectorum 80: 61–112.
  • Kieffer JJ (1913) Serphides des Îles Philippines. Insecta 3: 253–462.
  • Kieffer JJ (1916) Neue Scelioniden aus den Philippinen-Inseln. Brotéria 14: 58–187.
  • Kieffer JJ (1926) Scelionidae. Das Tierreich. Vol. 48. Walter de Gruyter & Co., Berlin, 885 pp.
  • Kononova SV (1995) [Fam. Scelionidae.] In: Lehr PA (Ed.) [Key to insects of Russian Far East in six volumes. vol. 4. Neuropteroidea, Mecoptera, Hymenoptera. Part 2. Hymenoptera.] Dal’nauka, Vladivostok, 57–121.
  • Kononova SV, Kozlov MA (2008) [Scelionids of the Palearctic (Hymenoptera, Scelionidae). Subfamily Scelioninae. ] Tovarishchestvo Nauchnykh Izdanii KMK, Saint Petersburg, 489 pp.
  • Kononova SV, Petrov S (2000) [A review of the genera Triteleia, Paridris and Calotelea (Hymenoptera, Scelionidae, Scelioninae) of Palaearctic region. ] Vestnik Zoologii, 34(6): 27–35.
  • Kozlov MA, Kononova SV (1985) [A review of the genera Triteleia and Calliscelio (Proctotrupoidea, Scelionidae). ] Vestnik Zoologii 1985(4): 15–24.
  • Kozlov MA, Kononova SV (1990) [Scelioninae of the Fauna of the USSR (Hymenoptera, Scelionidae, Scelioninae). ] Nauka, Leningrad, 344 pp.
  • Lê XH (2000) Egg-parasites of family Scelionidae (Hymenoptera). Fauna of Vietnam, vol. 3. Science and Technics Publishing House, Hanoi, 386 pp.
  • Masner L (1976) Revisionary notes and keys to world genera of Scelionidae (Hymenoptera: Proctotrupoidea). Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 97: 1–87. https://doi.org/10.4039/entm10897fv
  • Masner L (1980) Key to genera of Scelionidae of the Holarctic region, with descriptions of new genera and species (Hymenoptera: Proctotrupoidea). Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 113: 1–54. https://doi.org/10.4039/entm112113fv
  • Masner L, Muesebeck CFW (1968) The types of Proctotrupoidea (Hymenoptera) in the United States National Museum. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 270: 1–143. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.270
  • Mikó I, Vilhelmsen L, Johnson NF, Masner L, Pénzes Z (2007) Skeletomusculature of Scelionidae (Hymenoptera: Platygastroidea): head and mesosoma. Zootaxa 1571: 1–78.
  • Muesebeck CFW, Walkley LM (1956) Type species of the genera and subgenera of parasitic wasps comprising the superfamily Proctotrupoidea (order Hymenoptera). Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum 105: 319–419. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00963801.3359.319
  • Murphy NP, Carey D, Castro LR, Dowton M, Austin AD (2007) Phylogeny of the platygastroid wasps (Hymenoptera) based on sequences from the 18S rRNA, 28S rRNA and cytochrome oxidase I genes: implications for the evolution of the ovipositor system and host relationships. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 91: 653–669. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.2007.00825.x
  • Polaszek A, Agosti D, Alonso-Zarazaga M, Beccaloni G, de Place Bjørn P, Bouchet P, Brothers DJ, Earl of Cranbrook, Evenhuis NL, Godfray HCJ, Johnson NF, Krell FT, Lipscomb D, Lyal CHC, Mace GM, Mawatari SF, Miller SE, Minelli A, Morris S, Ng PKL, Patterson DJ, Pyle RL, Robinson N, Rogo L, Taverne J, Thompson FC, van Tol J, Wheeler QD, Wilson EO (2005) A universal register for animal names. Nature 437: 477. https://doi.org/10.1038/437477a
  • Saraswat GG, Sharma SK (1978) On some Scelionidae (Hymenoptera: Proctotrupoidea) from India. Memoirs of the School of Entomology, St. John’s College, 5: 1–46.
  • Talamas EJ, Pham H-T (2017) An online photographic catalog of Platygastroidea (Hymenoptera) in the Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources (Hanoi, Vietnam), with some taxonomic notes. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 56: 225–239. https://doi.org/10.3897/jhr.56.10214
  • Talamas EJ, Thompson J, Cutler A, Fitzsimmons Schoenberger S, Cuminale A, Jung T, Johnson NF, Valerio AA, Smith AB, Haltermann V, Alvarez E, Schwantes C, Blewer C, Bodenreider C, Salzberg A, Luo P, Meislin D, Buffington ML (2017) An online photographic catalog of primary types of Platygastroidea (Hymenoptera) in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 56: 187–224. https://doi.org/10.3897/jhr.56.10774
  • Vilhelmsen L, Mikó I, Krogmann L (2010) Beyond the wasp-waist: structural diversity and phylogenetic significance of the mesosoma in apocritan wasps (Insects: Hymenoptera). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 159: 22–194. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.2009.00576.x

Appendix 1

A1 http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000908
A2 http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000706
A3 http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0001148
A7 http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0001885
A12 http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0001884
antenna http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000101
antennomere http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000107
area http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000146
body http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000182
carina http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000188
central keel http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000109
cpa cervical pronotal area http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000194
clava http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000203
clypeus http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000212
compound eye http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000217
coxa http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000228
depression http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000241
dpa dorsal pronotal area http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000267
egg http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000286
epomial carina http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000307
eye http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000217
femur http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000327
fore wing http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000351
frons http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0001523
gena http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000371
head http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000397
dpa hind coxa http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000587
hind tibia http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000631
hind wing http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000400
inner orbit http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000419
interantennal process http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000422
lateral lobe of mesoscutum http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000466
lateral ocellus http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000481
LOL lateral ocellar line http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000480
lpa lateral pronotal area http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000483
malar sulcus http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000504
mandible http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000506
margin http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000510
mesepisternum http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0001872
med mesopleural depression http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000326
mesopleuron http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000566
mesoscutellum http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000574
mesoscutum http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0001490
mesosoma http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000576
metapleuron http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000621
metascutellum http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000625
metasoma http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000626
mesoscal midlobe http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000520
netrion http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000644
notauli (notaulus) http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000647
occipital carina http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000653
ocellus http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000661
ot ocellar triangle http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000430
OOL ocular ocellar line http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000662
orbit http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000672
POL posterior ocellar line http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000759
process http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000822
propodeum http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0001248
S1 http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0001997
S2 http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0001829
S3 http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0001831
S4 http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0001832
S5 http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0001833
S6 http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0001834
S7 http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0002185
sculpture http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000913
sternite http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0001654
sulcus http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000978
T1 http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000053
T2 http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000056
T3 http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000057
T4 http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000058
POL T5 http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000059
T6 http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000060
T7 http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000061
tergite http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0001783
tibia http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0001017
tyloid http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0001199
vein http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0001095
vertex http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0001077
vertical epomial carina http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000307
wing http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0001089