Corrigenda
Print
Corrigenda
Corrigenda: Ješovnik A, Schultz TR (2017) Revision of the fungus-farming ant genus Sericomyrmex Mayr (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae). ZooKeys 670: 1–109. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.670.11839
expand article infoAna Jesovnik§, Ted R. Schultz§
‡ Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., United States of America
§ University of Maryland, College Park, United States of America
Open Access

In our recent revision (Ješovnik and Schultz 2017) of the ant genus Sericomyrmex, we failed to address the taxonomic standing of the subspecies S. opacus muelleri Forel, 1912. Even though we examined the type specimen, measured it, and included it in Suppl. material 1: Table S2, we did not include it in our synonymy list because S. opacus muelleri was described as a variety (Forel 1912) and not as a subspecies. However, it has subsequently been brought to our attention that, according to International Code of Zoological Nomenclature Articles 45.5 and 45.6 (International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature 1999), if a variety was described before 1961 it should be treated as a subspecies. We therefore here correct the relevant portions of the abstract, taxonomic synopsis for the genus, detailed taxonomic synopsis for the species, and notes section of S. mayri, as well as Suppl. material 1: Table S2.

Corrected “Abstract” (p. 1):

The following species and subspecies are synonymized: under S. opacus [=S. aztecus Forel syn. n., S. zacapanus Wheeler syn. n., and S. diego Forel syn. n.]; under S. bondari [=S. beniensis Weber syn. n.]; under S. mayri [=S. opacus muelleri Forel syn. n., =S. luederwaldti Santschi syn. n., S. moreirai Santschi syn. n., S. harekulli Weber syn. n., S. harekulli arawakensis Weber syn. n., S. urichi Forel syn. n.]; under S. saussurei [=S. burchelli Forel syn. n., S. impexus Wheeler syn. n., S. urichi maracas Weber syn. n.]; and under S. parvulus [=S. myersi Weber syn. n.].

Corrected “Taxonomic synopsis” for the genus (p. 31):

Sericomyrmex mayri Forel, 1912, Colombia to Bolivia and Brazil (w, q, m, l).

=Sericomyrmex opacus muelleri Forel, 1912, syn. n.

=Sericomyrmex urichi Forel, 1912, syn. n.

=Sericomyrmex luederwaldti Santschi, 1925, syn. n.

=Sericomyrmex moreirai Santschi, 1925, syn. n.

=Sericomyrmex harekulli Weber, 1937, syn. n.

=Sericomyrmex harekulli arawakensis Weber, 1937, syn. n.

Corrected detailed taxonomic synopsis for the species (pp. 61–62):

Sericomyrmex mayri Forel, 1912

Figures 36, 37, 38 (Worker); Figure 39 (Queen and male); Figure 40 (Larva); Figure 41 (Map)

Sericomyrmex mayri Forel, 1912: 194. Lectotype worker (here designated): BRAZIL, Rio de Janeiro, Niterói, [-22.8751, -43.2775], ANTC31816, A. Forel, (MHNG: 1w, CASENT0909370). Paralectotypes: same data as lectotype (MHNG: 1w, US- NMENT00445567; 3m, USNMENT00445580).

=Sericomyrmex opacus muelleri Forel, 1912, syn. n. Type material examined: BRAZIL, ANTC31817, A. Forel, (MHNG: 1q, CASENT0909371).

=Sericomyrmex urichi Forel, 1912: 193. syn. n. Type material examined: TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO, ANTC31818, F. W. Urich (MHNG: 3w, CASENT0909372).

=Sericomyrmex luederwaldti Santschi, 1925: 15. syn. n. Type material examined: BRAZIL, Minas Gerais, Pirapora, [-17.355, -44.9447], ANTC35978, ANTC25817, E. Garbe (NHMB: 5w, CASENT0912516) (MSNG: 1w, CASENT0904989).

=Sericomyrmex moreirai Santschi, 1925: 16. syn. n. Type material examined: BRAZIL, Rio de Janeiro, [-22.8751, -43.2775], ANTC35979, Moreira (MCZ: 2w, MCZ 1-2 21140) (NHMB: 3w, CASENT0912517; 2w, USNMENT01126231; 2q, USNMENT01126232).

=Sericomyrmex harekulli Weber, 1937: 398. syn. n. Type material examined: GUYANA, East Berbice-Corentyne, Oronoque River, [2.75, -57.4167], NAW598, 27 Jul 1936, N. A. Weber (USNM: 1w, USNMENT00529483) (MCZ: 2w, USNMENT00924104; 2w, USN- MENT00924105)

=Sericomyrmex harekulli arawakensis Weber, 1937: 399. syn. n. Type material examined: GUYANA, Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Mazaruni River, Forest Settlement, [6.39733, -58.6781], 10 m, NAW 277, 15 Aug 1935, N. A. Weber (MCZ: 2w, MCZ 23051; 2w, 1q, USNMENT00924106)

Corrected “Synonymy” section in the “S. mayri notes” section (pp. 68–69):

The examined syntypes of S. luederwaldti, S. harekulli, and S. harekulli arawakensis conform to typical S. mayri morphology. Their original authors (Forel 1912, Santschi 1925, Weber 1937) focus on slight differences in mesosomal tubercles, head shape, and scape length, all of which are variable within mayri. Likewise, the subspecies S. opacus muelleri, described from a single queen specimen by Forel, is a typical mayri queen, both in morphological characters and measurements. The moreirai syntypes have the cephalic emargination less pronounced than in the mayri lectotype, but this difference is encompassed by the range of variation in mayri as here defined. In his description of S. moreirai, Santschi (1925) calls it the “neighbor” of mayri, but says it is “much more stocky.” He also compares moreirai with urichi and reports small differences in pilosity and mesosomal tubercles, both of which fall within the variation observed in S. mayri. The syntypes of urichi we examined, unlike the mayri lectotype, have almost completely smooth mandibles, but, as discussed above, smooth mandibles are encountered in some mayri populations, especially those from Trinidad and Tobago, the type locality of urichi. In all other characters and measurements, urichi clearly agrees with S. mayri. In his description Forel (1912) distinguished mayri and urichi by complete versus incomplete frontal carinae and by the depth of the cephalic emargination, but he does not mention striate vs. smooth mandibles. Again, the cited differences (depth of the emargination, length of the frontal carinae, and degree of mandibular sculpture) fall within the range of observed intraspecific variation in S. mayri as here defined.

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Barry Bolton for bringing the mistaken omission of S. opacus muelleri to our attention.