Catalogue
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Catalogue
Type material of Acanthocephala, Nematoda and other non-helminths phyla (Cnidaria, Annelida, and Arthropoda) housed in the Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute/ FIOCRUZ (CHIOC), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 1979 to 2016
expand article infoDaniela A. Lopes, Delir Corrêa Gomes, Marcelo Knoff
‡ Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Open Access

Abstract

The third part of the catalogue of type material in the Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute/FIOCRUZ (CHIOC), comprising types deposited between 1979 and 2016, is presented to complement the first list of all types that was published in 1979. This part encompasses Acanthocephala, Nematoda and the other non-helminth phyla Cnidaria, Annelida, and Arthropoda. Platyhelminthes was covered in the first (Monogenoidea) and second (Rhabditophora Trematoda and Cestoda) parts of the catalogue published in September 2016 and March 2017, respectively. The present catalogue comprises type material for 116 species distributed across five phyla, nine classes, 50 families, and 80 genera. Specific names are listed systematically, followed by type host, infection site, type locality, and specimens with their collection numbers and references. Species classification and nomenclature are updated.

Keywords

Acanthocephalans, annelids, catalogue, copepods, holotype, myxozoans, nematodes, parasites, paratype

Introduction

The century-old Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute/FIOCRUZ (CHIOC), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, contains helminths that form part of the fauna of Brazil, and other countries, and are from a wide range of hosts captured in a variety of different biomes. The samples are holotypes, paratypes, and representative specimens of Platyhelminthes, Acanthocephala, Nematoda, and other non-helminth phyla. The CHIOC holds around 38,400 samples of helminth parasites from South America and other continents, and represents the largest such collection in Latin America and one of the largest collections worldwide (Rego 1982, Knoff et al. 2010). Details about the history and composition of CHIOC were presented in Lopes et al. (2016).

The first catalogue of all type material held in the CHIOC recorded 719 types of helminths (only holotypes or type series): 408 nematodes, 216 digenetic trematodes, 11 monogenoids, 52 acanthocephalans, 28 cestodes, and four of pentastomids (Rego et al. 1979). Since its publication, the collection has grown substantially with the number of types increasing significantly as well. Recently, Lopes et al. (2016, 2017) published another catalogue listing 203 type species of Monogenoidea and 104 type species of the other three classes of platyhelminths (Rhabditophora, Trematoda, and Cestoda). Thus, the present catalogue is the third list of type species held in this collection, and encompasses those of Acanthocephala, Nematoda, and the non-helminth phyla Cnidaria, Annelida and Arthropoda that have been deposited in CHIOC since 1979. The purpose of this article is to inform the scientific community about the types deposited in CHIOC as of December 1, 2016, and follows the articles of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN 1999).

Materials and methods

The specimens are stored in glass or plastic vials in 70% ethanol (with or without 5% glycerin), 4–10% formaldehyde (with or without 2% acetic acid), 70% ethanol-formaldehyde-acetic acid (AFA) or as microscope slide preparations. All the material is available for consultation, but holotypes are not loaned. Unless otherwise stated, all type material is in good condition.

The catalogue is arranged taxonomically as phyla, classes, orders, families, genera, and species, under the original spelling and combinations. Phyla and classes are arranged phylogenetically, starting with helminth phyla. Orders, families, genera, and species are arranged alphabetically. The information on each entry is presented in the following format:

1. Original genus-species combination with author(s) and year of publication. An asterisk (*) denotes the type species of the genus.

2. Type host: updated scientific name, author(s) and year, with original scientific name in square brackets (when changed), followed by principal taxonomic group in parentheses.

3. Infection site in the host.

4. Type locality: country, province or state, department, specific locality and coordinates (if available).

5. Primary type status: sex (if applicable/ possible), CHIOC catalog number. Categories for types follow articles 73–75 of the Code (ICZN 1999).

6. Remark sections are inserted when necessary and include additional information about host, locality, or status of the types.

7. References include publications in which the species was described and those that mention type specimens in the CHIOC.

The valid names adopted for parasitized hosts follow specific bibliographies. Diplopod names are in accordance with Pérez-Asso (1996); beetles with Boucher (2005); crustaceans with Young (1998); fishes with Froese and Pauly (2016); amphibians with Frost (2016); reptiles with Uetz et al. (2016); birds with Lepage and Warnier (2014); and mammals with Wilson and Reeder (2005). Mention of acanthocephalans, nematodes, myxozoans, annelids, copepods, and host species in this list does not imply that the authors of the present report agree with their validity or taxonomy. Some species catalogued have been synonymized and the comments about their taxonomy are provided in the remark sections. The higher classification of Acanthocephala follows Amin (1985, 2013); Nematoda follows De Ley and Blaxter (2002, 2004); Myxozoa follows Fiala et al. (2015); Annelida follows Beesley et al. (2000) and Sawyer (1986); and Copepoda follows Martin and Davis (2001). The classification of families and genera follows specific references.

Abbreviation list

BMNH British Museum of Natural History, Collection at the Department of Zoology, Natural History Museum, London, England;

CHFC Helminthological Collection of the Science College, University of the Republic, Montevideo, Uruguay;

CHIBB Reference Helminthological Collection of the Parasitology Department, Bioscience Institute, Paulista State University (UNESP), Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil;

CHIOC Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil;

CHIP–URG Helminthological Collection of the Laboratory of Ichthyoparasitology, University of Rio Grande, Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil;

CHMLP/MLP Helminthological Collection of the Museum of La Plata, La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina;

CMNPA Canadian Museum of Nature Invertebrate Collections-Parasites, Ottawa, Canada;

CNHE National Collection of Helminths, Institute of Biology, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico;

CZACC Helminthological Collection of the Zoological Collections, Institute of Ecology and Systematic, Havana, Cuba;

FCAV/UNESP Helminthological Collection of the Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, Department of Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Paulista State University, São Paulo, Brazil;

HWML Harold W. Manter Laboratory, University of Nebraska State Museum, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA;

INPA National Institute for Amazon Research, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil;

IPCAS/IPCR/ASCR Institute of Parasitology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, České Budějovice, Czech Republic;

MNHN/INVE National Museum of Natural History, Paris, France;

MNRJ Carcinological Collection of the National Museum of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil;

RIT Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Brussels, Belgium;

RMCA Collection of the Royal Museum of Central Africa, Tervuren, Belgium;

USNM United States National Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C, USA;

USNPC United States National Parasitological Collection, Beltsville, Maryland, USA.

Results and discussion

This database and bibliographic survey provides the diversity types of Acanthocephala, Nematoda and other non-helminth phyla, such as Cnidaria (Myxozoa), Annelida (Polychaeta and Hirudinea) and Arthropoda (Copepoda), in CHIOC, from Brazil and other countries of the world, for a period of more than 35 years of parasitological studies. This catalogue adds 38 primary types of Acanthocephala, represented by eight species distributed among eight families and eight genera; approximately 420 primary types of Nematoda, represented by 99 species, distributed across 36 families and 64 genera; four primary types of Myxozoa, represented by one family, two genera and two species; eight primary types of one species of Polychaeta and six primary types of one species of Hirudinea; and 22 primary types of Copepoda, represented by five species, distributed in three families, and four genera. The most representative families were the nematode families Cucullanidae, with 18 species, followed by Pharyngodonidae, with seven.

One hundred and sixteen parasites of 101 species of vertebrate and eight species of invertebrate hosts were catalogued. The invertebrate hosts were beetles, diplopods, and crustaceans. Most of the type species recorded (47%) were parasites of bony fishes, such as those of Monogenoidea, Trematoda, and Cestoda (Lopes et al. 2016, 2017). Only one species was a parasite of cartilaginous fishes. The hosts of parasite species of Tetrapoda were frogs, birds, reptiles, and mammals. Cricetidae (Rodentia) was the host family that exhibited the greatest diversity of parasites, with ten species.

Among the Acanthocephala listed, five species were parasites of bony fishes, one species was a parasite of frogs (Bufonidae), one species was a parasite of birds (Phalacrocoracidae), and one species was a parasite of crab-eating foxes (Canidae). Among the nematodes, five species were parasites of beetles (Passalidae) and two were parasites of diplopods (Rhinocricidae and Spirobolellidae). Species of nematode parasites of fishes included 41 of bony fishes and only one of cartilaginous fishes (Arhynchobatidae). Three nematode species were parasites of frogs (Bufonidae). The nematodes parasites of reptiles included five species parasitic on the suborder Autarchoglossa (Gymnophthalmidae, Scincidae and Teiidae), five parasites of snakes (Boidae, Colubridae, and Viperidae), and three parasites of lizards (Hoplocercidae, Liolaemidae, and Tropiduridae). Nine nematode species were parasites of birds (Ardeidae, Bucconidae, Cuculidae, Dendrocolaptidae, Opisthocomidae, Threskiornithidae, Tinamidae, and Tyrannidae). Species of nematode parasites of mammals included 16 parasites of rodents (Caviidae, Cricetidae, Dasyproctidae, Echimyidae, and Muridae), four parasites of the order Carnivora (Canidae, Felidae, and Mustelidae), two parasites of armadillos (Dasypodidae), two parasites of opossums (Didelphidae), and one parasite of bats (Molossidae). Myxozoans and copepods parasitized bony fishes. The single polychaeta species was a parasite of freshwater crayfish (Parastacidae) and the single Hirudinea species was a parasite of turtles (Podocnemididae).

Most of the species catalogued were collected in Brazil (88%), coming from all regions of the country. Other countries with cataloged material are from America (United States, Mexico, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Bolivia, and Argentina), the Caribbean (Cuba) and Africa (Democratic Republic of Congo). This third part of the catalogue of type material housed in CHIOC from 1979 to 2016 includes, in total, 423 species of parasites from 251 different hosts caught in almost all Brazilian states, and almost all continents, with the exception of the Middle East and Oceania (Lopes et al. 2016, 2017). Most of the deposits were made by Brazilian researchers, but foreigners also made a significant contribution, expanding and diversifying the country’s known parasitological heritage. All these data testify to the importance of CHIOC and its recognition on the world stage as a depositary, and serve as testimony of helminth parasite biodiversity, thereby placing CHIOC among the most significant collections of the world.

List of type species

Phylum Acanthocephala Kohlreuther, 1771

Class Archiacanthocephala Meyer, 1931

Order Oligacanthorhynchida Petrochenko, 1956
Oligacanthorhynchidae Southwell & Macfie, 1925
Prosthenorchis Travassos, 1915

Prosthenorchis cerdocyonis Gomes, Olifiers, Souza, Barbosa, D’Andrea, & Maldonado Jr., 2015

Type host

Cerdocyon thous (Linnaeus, 1766) (Carnivora: Canidae).

Infection site

Small intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Nhumirim Ranch (18°59'S, 56°39'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 35804 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35804 b (allotype ♀), 30812 c (5♀♀, 6♂♂).

Reference

Gomes et al. (2015).

Class Eoacanthocephala Van Cleave, 1936

Order Gyracanthocephala Van Cleave, 1936
Quadrigyridae Van Cleave, 1920
Machadosentis Noronha, 1992

Machadosentis travassosi Noronha, 1992

Type host

Gymnothorax ocellatus Agassiz, 1831 (Osteichthyes: Muraenidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Bahia State, Arembepe.

Syntypes

CHIOC 32742 a–b (♂♂), c (♀).

Remarks

CHIOC 32742 a–c referred as type material in the original description.

Reference

Noronha (1992).

Order Neoechinorhynchida Southwell & MacFie, 1925
Neoechinorhynchidae (Ward, 1917) Van Cleave, 1928
Neochinorhynchus Stiles & Hassal, 1905

Neoechinorhynchus pimelodi Brasil-Sato & Pavanelli, 1998

Type host

Pimelodus maculatus Lacépède, 1803 (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae).

Infection site

Anterior intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Minas Gerais State, São Francisco River basin, Três Marias.

Holotype

CHIOC 33718 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33718 b (allotype ♀), c, e (♂♂), d (♀).

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in USNPC.

Reference

Brasil-Sato and Pavanelli (1998).

Class Palaeacanthocephala Meyer, 1931

Order Echinorhynchida Southwell & MacFie, 1925
Arhythmacanthidae Yamaguti, 1935
Heterosentis Van Cleave, 1931

Heterosentis brasiliensis Vieira, Felizardo & Luque, 2009

Type host

Pseudopercis numida Miranda-Ribeiro, 1903 (Osteichthyes: Pinguipedidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Cabo Frio (22°52'43.26"S, 42°1'11.55"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37103.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36672 (♂), 37104 (allotype ♀), 37105 (♀).

Reference

Vieira et al. (2009).

Diplosentidae Tubangui & Masilungan, 1937
Amapacanthus Salgado-Maldonado & Santos, 2000

Amapacanthus amazonicus Salgado-Maldonado & Santos, 2000

Type host

Sciades passany (Valenciennes, 1840) [= Arius passany] (Osteichthyes: Ariidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Amapá State, Maraca Island (2°0'N, 50°24'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 34199 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34199 b (allotype ♀), c–j (♀♀).

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in CNHE and BMNH.

Reference

Salgado-Maldonado and Santos (2000).

Echinorhynchidae Cobbold, 1876
Acanthocephalus Koelreuter, 1771

Acanthocephalus ula Lent & Santos, 1989

Type host

Atelopus oxyrhynchus Boulenger, 1903 (Amphibia: Bufonidae).

Infection site

Small intestine.

Type locality

Venezuela, Mérida.

Holotype

CHIOC 32173.

Paratypes

CHIOC 31667, 32174 (allotype ♀), 32175 a–b (♂♂).

Reference

Lent and Santos (1989).

Gymnorhadinorhynchidae Braicovich, Lanfranchi, Farber, Marvaldi, Luque & Timi, 2014
Gymnorhadinorhynchus Braicovich, Lanfranchi, Farber, Marvaldi, Luque & Timi, 2014

Gymnorhadinorhynchus decapteri Braicovich, Lanfranchi, Farber, Marvaldi, Luque & Timi, 2014

Type host

Decapterus punctatus (Cuvier, 1829) (Osteichthyes: Carangidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Cabo Frio (22°53'S, 42°00'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 35941 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35941 b (allotype ♀), 35941 c (♂), d–e (♀♀).

Remarks

Two additional paratypes deposited in the IPCAS collection.

Reference

Braicovich et al. (2014).

Order Polymorphida Petrochenko, 1956
Polymorphidae Meyer, 1931
Andracantha Schmidt, 1975

Andracantha tandemtesticulata Monteiro, Amato & Amato, 2006

Type host

Phalacrocorax brasilianus (Gmelin, 1789) (Aves: Phalacrocoracidae).

Infection site

Small and large intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul State, Guaíba Lake, Guaíba (30°00'S, 51°15'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36630 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36630 b (allotype ♀), 36630 c (♀).

Reference

Monteiro et al. (2006).

Phylum Nematoda Potts, 1932

Class Enoplea Inglis, 1983

Order Trichinellida Hall, 1916
Capillariidae Railliet, 1915
Capillostrongyloides Freitas & Lent, 1935

Capillostrongyloides arapaimae Santos, Moravec & Venturieri, 2008

Type host

Arapaima gigas (Schinz, 1822) (Osteichthyes: Arapaimidae).

Infection site

Anterior part of intestine and pyloric caeca.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Mexiana Island (Amazon River delta), natural canals and breeding tanks of fish farm at Santo Ambrósio Farm (00°05'30"S, 49°34'50"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 35559 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35559 b (allotype ♀), 35559 c–d (♂, ♀).

Reference

Santos et al. (2008a).

Pseudocapillaria (Ichthyocapillaria) Moravec, 1982

Pseudocapillaria (Ichthyocapillaria) maricaensis Rodrigues, 1992

Type host

Liolaemus lutzae Mertens, 1938 (Iguania: Liolaemidae).

Infection site

Small intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Maricá.

Holotype

CHIOC 32796 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32796 b (2♂♂), c (3♂♂), d (4♀♀), e (5♀♀), f (6♀♀), g (7♀♀), h (8♀♀), i (9♀♀).

Reference

Rodrigues (1992).

Trichuridae Ransom, 1911
Trichuris Roederer, 1761

Trichuris thrichomysi Lopes Torres, Nascimento, Menezes, Garcia, Santos, Maldonado Jr., Miranda, Lanfredi & Souza, 2011

Type host

Thrichomys apereoides Lund, 1839 (Rodentia: Echimyidae).

Infection site

Cecum.

Type locality

Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Capitão Andrade (19°02'14"S, 41°49'59"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 35210 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35710 b (allotype ♀), 35710 c (♂), 37365 a–b (♂♂), 37365 c (♀).

Reference

Lopes Torres et al. (2011).

Trichuris travassosi Gomes, Lanfredi, Pinto & Souza, 1992

Type host

Oligoryzomys nigripes (Olfers, 1818) [= Oryzomys nigripes] (Rodentia: Cricetidae).

Infection site

Large intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul State, Arvorezinha (28°45'S, 52°15'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 32790 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32790 b (♀), 32791 a–b, f–g, m (♀♀), c–e, h–l (♂♂).

Reference

Gomes et al. (1992).

Class Chromadorea Inglis, 1983

Order Rhabditida Chitwood, 1933
Acuariidae Railliet, Henry & Sissoff, 1912
Deliria Vicente, Pinto & Noronha, 1980

Deliria gomesae Vicente, Pinto & Noronha, 1980

Type host

Pitangus sulphuratus (Linnaeus, 1766) (Aves: Tyrannidae).

Infection site

Stomach.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Rio de Janeiro, Raimundo Island.

Holotype

CHIOC 31780 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 31780 b–c, g–h (♀♀), d–f (♂♂).

Remarks

There is no paratype “i” as indicated in the original description, which was a mistake.

Reference

Vicente et al. (1980).

Anisakidae Railliet & Henry, 1912
Goezia Zeder, 1800

Goezia brasiliensis Moravec, Kohn & Fernandes, 1994

Type host

Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes, 1850) (Osteichthyes: Bryconidae).

Infection site

Stomach.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River, Foz do Iguaçú.

Paratype

CHIOC 32961.

Remarks

Holotype and allotype deposited in the IPCAS collection.

Reference

Moravec et al. (1994).

Goezia leporini Martins & Yoshitoshi, 2003

Type host

Leporinus macrocephalus Garavello & Britski, 1988 (Osteichthyes: Anostomidae).

Infection site

Stomach.

Type locality

Brazil, São Paulo State, Batatais.

Holotype

CHIOC 34675 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34675 b (allotype ♀), 34675 c (♂♂), 34675 d (♀♀).

Reference

Martins and Yoshitoshi (2003).

Pseudanisakis Layman & Borovkova, 1926

Pseudanisakis sulamericana Santos, Lent & Gibson, 2004

Type host

Rioraja agassizii (Müller & Henle, 1841) (Chondrichthyes: Arhynchobatidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, São Paulo State, off Ubatuba (23°30'S, 45°00'W).

Holotype

and allotype ♀. CHIOC 35235.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35236, 35237.

Remarks

CHIOC 35237 collected from Psammobatis extenta (Garman, 1913) (Arhynchobatidae). Other paratypes deposited in the BMHN collection.

Reference

Santos et al. (2004).

Raphidascaris (Sprentascaris) (Petter & Cassone, 1984) Moravec, Kohn & Fernandes, 1990

Raphidascaris (Sprentascaris) lanfrediae Melo, Santos, Giese, Santos & Santos, 2011

Type host

Satanoperca jurupari (Heckel, 1840) (Osteichthyes: Cichlidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Belém, Guamá River (01°27'21"S, 48°30'14"W).

Holotype

♂. CHIOC 35714 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35714 b–c (5♀♀, 4♂♂).

Remarks

Paratype from CHIOC cited as “35716” in the original description due to a mistake.

Reference

Melo et al. (2011).

Raphidascaroides Railliet & Henry, 1915

Raphidascaroides moraveci Pereira, Tavares, Scholz & Luque, 2015

Type host

Platydoras armatulus (Valenciennes, 1840) (Osteichthyes: Doradidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Miranda River (19°34'S, 57°00'W).

Holotype

and allotype ♀. CHIOC 36728 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36728 b (3♂♂, 3♀♀), c (hologenophore).

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the IPCAS collection.

Reference

Pereira et al. (2015).

Aproctidae Yorke & Maplestone, 1926
Aprocta Linstow, 1883

Aprocta brevipenis Rodrigues & Rodrigues, 1980

Type host

Guira guira (Gmelin, 1788) (Aves: Cuculidae).

Infection site

Ocular cavity.

Type locality

Brazil, São Paulo State, Ilha Seca.

Holotype

CHIOC 31808 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 31808 b (allotype ♀), 31808 c–d (♀♀).

Reference

Rodrigues and Rodrigues (1980).

Ascaridiidae Travassos, 1919
Ophidascaris Baylis, 1920

Ophidascaris durissus Panizzutti, Santos, Vicente, Muniz-Pereira & Pinto, 2003

Type host

Crotalus durissus Linnaeus, 1758 (Serpentes: Viperidae).

Infection site

Stomach.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Itaipú Binacional Reserve, Foz do Iguaçú (24°05'–25°33'S, 54°00'–54°37'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 34937 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34937 b–f.

Reference

Panizzuti et al. (2003).

Ophidascaris tuberculatum Siqueira, Panizzutti, Muniz-Pereira & Pinto, 2005

Type host

Bothrops jararaca (Wied-Neuwied, 1824) (Serpentes: Viperidae).

Infection site

Stomach.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Petrópolis, Serra das Araras (22°30'39"S, 43°11'4"W), 857 m high.

Holotype

CHIOC 36232 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35315, 36232 b (allotype ♀), 36232 c (♀), d (anterior extremity).

Reference

Siqueira et al. (2005).

Aspidoderidae Skrjabin & Schikhobalova, 1947
Aspidodera Railliet & Henry, 1912

Aspidodera sogandaresi Jiménez-Ruiz, Gardner & Varela-Stokes, 2006

Type host

Dasypus novemcinctus Linnaeus, 1758 (Cingulata: Dasypodidae).

Infection site

Large intestine.

Type locality

United States, Texas, El Pedregal, 18 miles north by road (U.S. 281) from Lampasas (31°19'34"N, 98°09'33"W), 311 m high.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35429 (4♂♂, 4♀♀), 35430 (10♂, 10♀), 35431 (3♂♂, ♀).

Remarks

There are two paratypes in CHIOC collected from Mexico, but there are some inconsistencies with regard to the collecting localities in the original description and the cataloging data. Holotype, allotype, and other paratypes are deposited in the HWML collection. Additional paratypes are deposited in CMNPA, CNHE, and USNM.

Reference

Jiménez-Ruiz et al. (2006).

Aspidodera vicentei Pinto, Kohn, Fernandes & Mello, 1982

Type host

Nectomys squamipes (Brants, 1827) (Rodentia: Cricetidae).

Infection site

Small intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Goiás State, Formosa.

Holotype

CHIOC 31879 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 31879 b–f.

Reference

Pinto et al. (1982).

Camallanidae Railliet & Henry, 1915
Camallanus Railliet & Henry, 1915

Camallanus acaudatus Ferraz & Thatcher, 1990

Type host

Osteoglossum bicirrhosum (Cuvier, 1829) (Osteichthyes: Osteoglossidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Anavilhanas Archipelago, Negro River.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32557 a–b (♂, ♀).

Remarks

Holotype and allotype deposited in the INPA collection. CHIOC numbers were not included in the original description.

Reference

Ferraz and Thatcher (1990).

Camallanus maculatus Martins, Garcia, Piazza & Ghiraldelli, 2007

Type host

Xiphophorus maculatus (Günther, 1866) (Osteichthyes: Poeciliidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, São Paulo State, Araraquara.

Holotype

♂, allotypeand paratypes. CHIOC 35283.

Reference

Martins et al. (2007).

Paracamallanus Yorke & Maplestone, 1926

Paracamallanus amazonensis Ferraz & Thatcher, 1992

Type host

Hypophthalmus edentatus Spix & Agassiz, 1829 (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Marchantaria Island, Solimões River.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32756 (♂), 32757 (♀).

Remarks

Holotype, allotype and other paratypes deposited in the collection of INPA. CHIOC numbers were not included in the original description.

Reference

Ferraz and Thatcher (1992).

Procamallanus (Procamallanus) (Baylis, 1923) Ali, 1957

Procamallanus (Procamallanus) annipetterae Kohn & Fernandes, 1988

Type host

Hypostomus albopunctatus (Regan, 1908) (Osteichthyes: Loricariidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Iguaçú River, Hydroelectric Power station Salto Osório.

Holotype

CHIOC 32430 a.

Paratype

CHIOC 32430 b (allotype ♀).

References

Kohn and Fernandes (1988a, b).

Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) (Olsen, 1952) Moravec & Sey, 1988

Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) belenensis Giese, Santos & Lanfredi, 2009

Type host

Ageneiosus ucayalensis Castelnau, 1855 (Osteichthyes: Auchenipteridae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Belém, Guajará Bay (1°15'–1°29'S, 48°32'–48°29'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 35604 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35604 b (allotype ♀), 35604 c.

Reference

Giese et al. (2009).

Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) pintoi Kohn & Fernandes, 1988

Type host

Corydoras paleatus (Jenyns, 1842) (Osteichthyes: Callichthyidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Iguaçú River, Hydroelectric Power station Salto Osório.

Holotype

CHIOC 32432 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32431 a (allotype ♀), 32431 b (♂), 32432 b–c (♀♀).

Reference

Kohn and Fernandes (1988a).

Carnoyidae Filipjev, 1934
Carnoya Gilson, 1898

Carnoya isabelica García & Morffe, 2014

Type host

Nesobolus piedra Pérez-Asso, 1996 (Diplopoda: Rhinocricidae).

Infection site

Hind gut.

Type locality

Cuba, Santiago de Cuba province, La Gran Piedra, La Isabelica, (20°00'32.68"N, 75°37'18.8"W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 38210 a–b (2♂♂, 3♀♀).

Remarks

Holotype female and other paratypes males and females deposited in CZACC.

Reference

García and Morffe (2014).

Cosmocercidae Railliet, 1916
Cosmocercoides Wilkie, 1930

Cosmocercoides sauria Ávila, Strüssmann & Silva, 2010

Type host

Iphisa elegans Gray, 1851 (Autarchoglossa: Gymnophthalmidae).

Infection site

Large intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso State, São Domingos Valley (15°07'S, 58°58'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 35654 a.

Paratype

CHIOC 35654 b (allotype ♀).

Remarks

Three paratypes deposited in CHIBB.

Reference

Ávila et al. (2010).

Crenosomatidae Skrjabin, 1933
Crenosoma Molin, 1861

Crenosoma brasiliense Vieira, Muniz-Pereira, Lima, Moraes Neto, Guimarães & Luque, 2012

Type host

Galictis cuja (Molina, 1782) (Carnivora: Mustelidae).

Infection site

Bronchi and bronchioles.

Type locality

Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Juiz de Fora (21°76'S, 43°21'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 35813 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35813 b (allotype ♀), 35813 c (♂), 35813 d (2♀♀).

Remarks

One paratype male and two females deposited in the IPCAS collection.

Reference

Vieira et al. (2012).

Cucullanidae Cobbold, 1864
Cucullanus Mueller, 1777

Cucullanus ageneiosi Giese, Lanfredi & Santos, 2010

Type host

Ageneiosus ucayalensis

Infection site

Small intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Belém, Guajará Bay (1°15'–1°29'S, 48°32–48°29'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 35657 a.

Paratype

CHIOC 35657 b (allotype♀).

Reference

Giese et al. (2010).

Cucullanus brevicaudatus Pereira, Vieira & Luque, 2014

Type host

Balistes capriscus Gmelin, 1789 (Osteichthyes: Balistidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Angra dos Reis Bay (23°00'S, 44°–10'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 35896 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35896 b (allotype ♀), 35897 (3♂♂, 3♀♀).

Remarks

Two paratypes males and two females deposited in the IPCAS collection.

Reference

Pereira et al. (2014c).

Cucullanus brevispiculus Moravec, Kohn & Fernandes, 1993

Type host

Auchenipterus nuchalis (Spix & Agassiz, 1829) (Osteichthyes: Auchenipteridae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Foz do Iguaçú, Reservoir of the hydroelectric power station of Itaipú.

Holotype

CHIOC 32951.

Remarks

One specimen deposited, no paratypes.

Reference

Moravec et al. (1993).

Cucullunus cassinensis Pereira Jr. & Costa, 1996

Type host

Micropogonias furnieri (Desmarest, 1823) (Osteichthyes: Sciaenidae).

Infection site

Digestive tract.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul State, Rio Grande.

Holotype

CHIOC 33655.

Paratype

CHIOC 33656 (allotype ♂).

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in CHIP-URG.

Reference

Pereira Jr. and Costa (1996).

Cucullanus gastrophysi Pereira, Vieira & Luque, 2015 in Vieira et al. (2015)

Type host

Lophius gastrophysus Miranda-Ribeiro, 1915 (Osteichthyes: Lophiidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Cabo Frio (22°52' S, 42°01' W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36745 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36745 b (allotype ♀), 36746 (2♂♂, 2♀♀).

Remarks

One paratype male and one female deposited in the IPCAS collection.

Reference

Vieira et al. (2015).

Cucullanus protudens Pereira, Vieira & Luque, 2015 in Vieira et al. (2015)

Type host

Pagrus pagrus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Osteichthyes: Sparidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Cabo Frio (22°52'S, 42°01'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36747 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36747 b (allotype ♀), 36748 (♀).

Reference

Vieira et al. (2015).

Cucullanus pseudopercis Pereira, Vieira & Luque, 2015 in Vieira et al. (2015)

Type host

Pseudopercis semifasciata (Cuvier, 1829)

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Cabo Frio (22°52' S, 42°01' W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36749 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36749 b (allotype ♀), 36750 (♂, ♀).

Remarks

One paratype male deposited in the IPCAS collection.

Reference

Vieira et al. (2015).

Cucullanus grandistomis (Ferraz & Thatcher, 1988)

Type host

Oxydoras niger (Valenciennes, 1821) (Osteichthyes: Doradidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Solimões River near Manaus.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32456 a–b (♂, ♀).

Remarks

Holotype and allotype deposited in the INPA collection. CHIOC numbers were not included in the original description.

Reference

Ferraz and Thatcher (1988).

Cucullanus heliomartinsi Moreira, Rocha & Costa, 2000

Type host

Trachelyopterus striatulus (Steindachner, 1877) [= Parauchenipterus striatulus] (Osteichthyes: Auchenipteridae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Central Lake of the State Park of Rio Doce (19°50'S, 42°35'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 33863 a.

Paratype

CHIOC 33863 b (allotype ♀).

Reference

Moreira et al. (2000).

Cucullanus pimelodellae Moravec, Kohn & Fernandes, 1993

Type host

Pimelodella lateristriga (Lichtenstein, 1823) (Osteichthyes: Heptapteridae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Guaíra.

Paratype

CHIOC 32826 (♂).

Remarks

Holotype deposited in the ASCR collection.

Reference

Moravec et al. (1993).

Cucullanus pinnai pterodorasi Moravec, Kohn & Fernandes, 1997

Type host

Pterodoras granulosus (Valenciennes, 1821) (Osteichthyes: Doradidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Guaíra (Paraná River basin), Reservoir of Itaipú.

Holotype

♂, allotypeand paratype. CHIOC 33532.

Remarks

Paratype from CHIOC cited as “33697” in the original description due to a mistake. Other paratypes deposited in the ASCR collection.

Reference

Moravec et al. (1997).

Cucullanus pseudoplatystomae Moravec, Kohn & Fernandes, 1993

Type host

Pseudoplatystoma corruscans (Spix & Agassiz, 1829) (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River, Guaíra.

Holotype

CHIOC 32829 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32829 b (allotype ♀), 32829 c–d, 32910, 32913, 32914.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the ASCR collection.

Reference

Moravec et al. (1993).

Cucullanus rhamphichthydis Moravec, Kohn & Fernandes, 1997

Type host

Rhamphichthys rostratus (Linnaeus, 1766) (Osteichthyes: Rhamphichthyidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Santa Helena, reservoir of the hydroelectric power station of Itaipú.

Holotype

CHIOC 33533.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33533 (2♀♀)

Remarks

Type material from CHIOC cited as “33716” in the original description due to a mistake. Other paratypes deposited in the ASCR collection.

Reference

Moravec et al. (1997).

Cucullanus tucunarensis Lacerda, Takemoto, Marchiori, Martins & Pavanelli, 2013

Type host

Cichla piquiti Kullander & Ferreira, 2006 (Osteichthyes: Cichlidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Tocantins State, Lajeado reservoir (10°66'55"S, 48°42'36"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 35877 a.

Paratype

CHIOC 35877 b (allotype ♂).

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in CNHE.

Reference

Lacerda et al. (2013).

Dichelyne (Cucullanellus) (Tornquist, 1931)

Dichelyne (Cucullanellus) sciaenidicola Timi, Lanfranchi, Tavares & Luque, 2009

Type host

Umbrina canosai Berg, 1895 (Osteichthyes: Sciaenidae).

Infection site

Posterior end of intestine.

Type locality

Argentina, Buenos Aires Province, Mar del Plata (38°08'S, 57°32'W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 35615 (5♂♂), 35616 (2♀♀), 35617 (5♂♂), 35618 (5♀♀).

Remarks

CHIOC 35617 and 35618 collected in Pedra de Guaratiba (23°01'S, 43°38'W), Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil) from the sciaenid fish Micropogonias furnieri. Holotype, allotype, and other paratypes deposited in CHMLP.

Reference

Timi et al. (2009).

Dichelyne (Cucullanellus) tornquisti Paschoal, Vieira, Cezar & Luque, 2014

Type host

Orthopristis ruber (Cuvier, 1830) (Osteichthyes: Haemulidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, coast of the Rio de Janeiro State (21–23°S, 42–45°W).

Holotype

CHIOC 35894 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35894 b (allotype ♀), 35895 (2♂♂, 2♀♀).

Remarks

One paratype male and two females deposited in the IPCAS collection.

Reference

Paschoal et al. (2014).

Dichelyne (Dichelyne) Jägerskiöld, 1902

Dichelyne (Dichelyne) pimelodi Moravec, Kohn & Fernandes, 1997

Type host

Pimelodus maculatus

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Guaíra (Paraná River basin), Reservoir of Itaipú.

Holotype

CHIOC 33534.

Remarks

Holotype cited as “33717” in the original description due to a mistake.

Reference

Moravec et al. (1997).

Dichelyne (Dichelyne) micropogonii Pereira Jr. & Costa, 1996

Type host

Micropogonias furnieri

Infection site

Digestive tract.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul State, Rio Grande.

Holotype

CHIOC 33649.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33650 (allotype ♂), 33651 (♀), 33652 (♀), 33653 a–b (♂♂), 33654 (♂).

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in CHIP-URG.

Reference

Pereira Jr. and Costa (1996).

Cystidicolidae Skrjabin, 1946
Ascarophis van Beneden, 1871

Ascarophis brasiliensis Pinto, Vicente & Noronha, 1984

Type host

Trachinotus carolinus (Linnaeus, 1766) (Osteichthyes: Carangidae).

Infection site

Stomach.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Araruama (22°52'23"S, 42°20'20"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 32032 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32032 b–d, f, h (♀♀), e, g (♂♂), 32033 a–b (♀, ♂).

Reference

Pinto et al. (1984).

Comephoronema Layman, 1933

Comephoronema multipapillatum Pereira, Pereira & Luque, 2014

Type host

Holocentrus adscensionis (Osbeck, 1765) (Osteichthyes: Holocentridae).

Infection site

Anterior intestine and caecum.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Angra dos Reis Bay.

Holotype

CHIOC 35879 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35879 b (allotype ♀), 35880 (♀), 35881 (♂), 35882 (♂).

Remarks

Two paratypes males and one female deposited in the IPCAS collection.

Reference

Pereira et al. (2014b).

Neoascarophis Skrjabin, 1946

Neoascarophis mariae Pereira, Timi, Vieira & Luque, 2012

Type host

Mullus argentinae Hubbs & Marini, 1933 (Osteichthyes: Mullidae).

Infection site

Stomach and intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Rio de Janeiro (22°55'S, 43°12'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 35802 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35802 b (15♀♀), 35803 a (allotype ♀), 35803 b (12♂♂).

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the IPCAS collection.

Reference

Pereira et al. (2012a).

Pseudascarophis Ko, Margolis & Machida, 1985

Pseudascarophis brasiliensis Pereira, Pereira, Timi & Luque, 2013

Type host

Kyphosus sectatrix (Linnaeus, 1758) (Osteichthyes: Kyphosidae).

Infection site

Stomach.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Angra dos Reis (23°00'S, 44°10'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 35848 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35848 b (allotype ♀), 35849 a–b (2♂♂, 2♀♀).

Reference

Pereira et al. (2013).

Diplotriaenidae Skrjabin, 1916
Diplotriaena Railliet & Henry, 1909

Diplotriaena zederi Pinto, Vicente & Noronha, 1981

Type host

Xiphocolaptes albicollis (Vieillot, 1818) (Aves: Dendrocolaptidae).

Infection site

Body cavity.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Angra dos Reis.

Holotype

CHIOC 31826 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 31826 b–d, g (♂♂), e–f, h (♀♀), 31827 a (♂), b–c (♀♀).

Reference

Pinto et al. (1981).

Dracunculidae Stiles, 1907
Dracunculus Reichard, 1759

Dracunculus brasiliensis Moravec & Santos, 2009

Type host

Eunectes murinus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Serpentes: Boidae).

Infection site

Subcutaneous tissue (inside skin swelling) and body cavity (mesentery near lung).

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Mexiana Island (Amazon River delta), Santo Ambrósio Farm (00°05'30"S, 49°34'50"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 35610 a.

Remarks

Paratype deposited in the IPCAS collection.

Reference

Moravec and Santos (2009).

Habronematidae Chitwood & Wehr, 1932
Procyrnea Chabaud, 1975

Procyrnea anterovulvata Pinto, Vicente & Noronha, 1996

Type host

Chelidoptera tenebrosa brasiliensis Sclater, 1862 (Aves: Bucconidae).

Infection site

Gizzard.

Type locality

Brazil, Espírito Santo State, Conceição da Barra.

Holotype

CHIOC 32783 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32783 b (♂), 32783 c, e–f (♀♀), 32783 d (allotype ♀).

Reference

Pinto et al. (1996).

Heligmonellidae Durette-Desset & Chabaud, 1977
Freitastrongylus Gonçalves, Pinto & Durette-Desset, 2007

Freitastrongylus angelae Gonçalves, Pinto & Durette-Desset, 2007

Type host

Dasyprocta fuliginosa Wagler, 1832 (Rodentia: Dasyproctidae).

Infection site

Stomach.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Barcelos, Jauari waterway, left margin of the Aracá River.

Holotype

CHIOC 35044 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34844, 35044 b (allotype ♀), c–f (♀♀), g–k (♂♂), l–m (synlophe ♂♂), n (synlophe).

Remarks

Dasyprocta leporina (Linnaeus, 1758) was cited as the type host in the original description, but D. fuliginosa is the host of all type material of CHIOC as indicated in the cataloguing data. Other male and female paratypes deposited in the MNHN collection.

Reference

Gonçalves et al. (2007).

Guerrerostrongylus Sutton & Durette-Desset, 1991

Guerrerostrongylus gomesae Simões, Santos & Maldonado Jr., 2012

Type host

Oecomys mamorae (Thomas, 1906) (Rodentia: Cricetidae).

Infection site

Small intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Rio Negro Farm, Aquidauana (19°34'54"S, 56°14'62"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37233.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37234 (allotype ♀), 35667 (10♂♂, 6♀♀).

Reference

Simões et al. (2012).

Guerrerostrongylus marginalis Weirich, Catzeflis & Jiménez, 2016

Type host

Oecomys auyantepui Tate, 1939

Infection site

Small intestine.

Type locality

French Guiana, Municipality of Roura, Cacao (04°33'708"N, 52°26'590"W), 197 m high.

Paratypes

CHIOC 38104, 38105.

Remarks

Holotype, allotype and other paratypes deposited in the MNHN collection. Additional paratypes deposited in CNHE and HWML.

Reference

Weirich et al. (2016).

Hassalstrongylus Durette-Desset, 1971

Hassalstrongylus luquei Costa, Maldonado Jr., Bóia, Lucio & Simões, 2014

Type host

Euryoryzomys russatus (Wagner, 1848) (Rodentia: Cricetidae).

Infection site

Small intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Angra dos Reis, Ilha Grande (23°09'07.50"S, 44°13'44.20"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 35928 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35928 b–c (7♂♂).

Reference

Costa et al. (2014).

Stilestrongylus Freitas, Lent & Almeida, 1937

Stilestrongylus lanfrediae Souza, Digiani, Simões, Luque, Rodrigues-Silva & Maldonado Jr., 2009

Type host

Oligoryzomys nigripes

Infection site

Small intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Serra dos Órgãos, Teresópolis (22°12'44"S, 42°48'40"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36925 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35536 (10♂♂, 10♀♀), 36925 b (allotype ♀).

Reference

Souza et al. (2009).

Heterakidae Railliet & Henry, 1912
Africana Travassos, 1920

Africana dardanelosi Ávila & Silva, 2009

Type host

Hoplocercus spinosus Fitzinger, 1843 (Iguania: Hoplocercidae).

Infection site

Small and large intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso State, Aripuanã (10°9'0"S, 59°27'0"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 35614 a.

Paratype

CHIOC 35614 b (allotype ♀).

Remarks

Holotype and allotype cited as “CHIOC 3561” in the original description due to a mistake. Other paratypes deposited in CHIBB.

Reference

Ávila and Silva (2009).

Heterakis Dujardin, 1845

Heterakis inglisi Vicente, Pinto & Noronha, 1993

Type host

Crypturellus variegatus variegatus (Gmelin, 1789) (Aves: Tinamidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Espírito Santo State.

Holotype

CHIOC 32850 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32850 b–e (♂♂), f–j (♀♀), 32851 a–d (♂♂).

Reference

Vicente et al. (1993).

Hystrignathidae Travassos, 1919
Artigasia Christie, 1934

Artigasia milerai Morffe & García, 2010

Type host

Passalus interstitialis Eschischoltz, 1829 (Coleoptera: Passalidae).

Infection site

Gut caeca.

Type locality

Cuba, La Habana province, Jaruco, Escaleras de Jaruco.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37823 (2♀♀).

Remarks

CHIOC number was not included in the original description. Holotype female and additional paratypes females deposited in CZACC.

Reference

Morffe and García (2010a).

Hystrignatus Leidy, 1850

Hystrignatus dearmasi Morffe & García, 2010

Type host

Unidentified, short, blackish passalid beetle (Coleoptera: Passalidae).

Infection site

Gut caeca.

Type locality

Panama, Panama Province, Summit National Park.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37525 (2♀♀).

Remarks

CHIOC number was not included in the original description. Holotype female and additional paratypes females deposited in CZACC.

Reference

Morffe and García (2010b).

Batwanema Morffe & García, 2013

Batwanema congo Morffe & García, 2013

Type host

Pentalobus barbatus (Fabricius, 1801) (Coleoptera: Passalidae).

Infection site

Gut caeca.

Type locality

Democratic Republic of Congo, Ituri province, Mogwalu.

Paratype

CHIOC 37903 (♀).

Remarks

CHIOC number was not included in the original description. Holotype and paratype females deposited in CZACC. Other paratypes deposited in the RMCA collection.

Reference

Morffe and García (2013a).

Chokwenema Morffe & García, 2013

Chokwenema lepidophorum Morffe & García, 2013

Type host

Didimoides cf. parastictus (Imhoff, 1843) (Coleoptera: Passalidae).

Infection site

Gut caeca.

Type locality

Democratic Republic of Congo, Ituri province, Mogwalu.

Paratype

CHIOC 37904 (♀).

Remarks

CHIOC number was not included in the original description. Holotype and paratype females deposited in CZACC. Other paratypes deposited in the RMCA collection.

Reference

Morffe and García (2013a).

Kongonema Morffe & García, 2013

Kongonema meyeri Morffe & García, 2013

Type host

Didimus sp. (Coleoptera: Passalidae).

Infection site

Gut caeca.

Type locality

Democratic Republic of Congo, Kivu Region, Katale (01°19'S, 29°22'E).

Paratypes

CHIOC 37822 a–d (♂♂).

Remarks

CHIOC number was not included in the original description. Female holotype and male and female paratypes deposited in CZACC. Other paratypes deposited in the RMCA collection.

Reference

Morffe and García (2013b).

Metastrongylidae Leiper, 1908
Angiostrongylus Kamensky, 1905

Angiostrongylus felineus Vieira, Muniz-Pereira, Lima, Moraes Neto, Guimarães & Luque, 2013

Type host

Puma yagouaroundi (Geoffroy, 1803) (Carnivora: Felidae).

Infection site

Pulmonary arteries.

Type locality

Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Juiz de Fora (21°41'20"S, 43°20'40"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 35812 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35812 b (allotype ♀), 35812 c–d (♂, ♀).

Reference

Vieira et al. (2013).

Molineidae Durette-Desset & Chabaud, 1977
Hadrostrongylus Hoppe & Nascimento, 2007

Hadrostrongylus speciosum Hoppe & Nascimento, 2007

Type host

Dasypus novemcinctus

Infection site

Mucosa and lumen of the cecum and colon.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Aquidauana.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35448 (2♂♂, 2♀♀).

Remarks

Male holotype and female allotype deposited in the FCAV/UNESP helminthological collection of Jaboticabal, São Paulo State.

Reference

Hoppe and Nascimento (2007).

Oswaldocruzia Travassos, 1917

Oswaldocruzia belenensis Santos, Geise, Maldonado & Lanfredi, 2008

Type host

Rhinella marina (Linnaeus, 1758) [= Chaunus marinus] (Amphibia: Bufonidae).

Infection site

Small intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Belém (01°28'03"S, 48°20'18"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36855 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36855 b (allotype ♀), 36855 c, f (♀♀), d–e (♂♂).

Reference

Santos et al. (2008b).

Schulzia Travassos, 1937

Schulzia usu Lent & Santos, 1989

Type host

Atelopus oxyrhynchus

Infection site

Small intestine.

Type locality

Venezuela, Mérida.

Holotype

and allotype ♀. CHIOC 31668.

Paratype

CHIOC 32355.

Reference

Lent and Santos (1989).

Onchocercidae Leiper, 1911
Cercopithifilaria Eberhard, 1980

Cercopithifilaria bainae Almeida & Vicente, 1984

Type host

Canis familiaris Linnaeus, 1758 (Carnivora: Canidae).

Infection site

Subcutaneous and intramuscular tissue.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Rio de Janeiro.

Holotype

CHIOC 32176 a.

Paratype

CHIOC 32176 b (allotype ♀).

Reference

Almeida and Vicente (1984).

Litomosoides Chandler, 1931

Litomosoides chagasfilhoi Moraes Neto, Lanfredi & Souza, 1997

Type host

Akodon cursor (Winge, 1887) (Rodentia: Muridae).

Infection site

Abdominal cavity.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Rio Bonito, Catimbau Grande (22°42'30"S, 42°37'34"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 33529.

Paratype

CHIOC 33530 (allotype ♀).

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the MNHN collection.

Reference

Moraes Neto et al. (1997).

Litomosoides galizai Bain, Petit & Diagne, 1989

Type host

Oecomys trinitatis (Allen & Chapman, 1893)

Infection site

Body cavity and lung.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Carajás.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32643 (2♀♀).

Remarks

Holotype and allotype deposited in the MNHN collection. CHIOC number was not included in the original description.

Reference

Bain et al. (1989).

Litomosoides kohnae Bain, Petit & Diagne, 1989

Type host

Nectomys squamipes

Infection site

Body cavity and lung.

Type locality

Brazil, São Paulo State, São Paulo.

Holotype

CHIOC 31056 c.

Paratypes

CHIOC 31056 a (♂), 31056 b (allotype ♂), 32642 (♀, = 31056 d).

Remarks

The slide CHIOC 31056 d was dismounted and received the number 32642.

Reference

Bain et al. (1989).

Ornithofilaria Gonnert, 1937

Ornithofilaria pitangi Vicente, Pinto & Noronha, 1980

Type host

Megarynchus pitangua (Linnaeus, 1766) (Aves: Tyrannidae).

Infection site

Infraorbital sinus.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Angra dos Reis.

Holotype

CHIOC 31782 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 31782 b–e (♂♂), f–j (♀♀).

Reference

Vicente et al. (1980).

Oxyuridae Cobbold, 1864
Caroloxyuris Jiménez-Ruiz & Gardner, 2003

Caroloxyuris boliviensis Jiménez-Ruiz & Gardner, 2003

Type host

Oxymycterus paramensis Thomas, 1902 (Rodentia: Cricetidae).

Infection site

Cecum and large intestine.

Type locality

Bolivia, Chuquisaca Department, 2 km SW of Monteagudo (19°49'S, 63°58'W), 1130 m high.

Paratype

CHIOC 34809.

Remarks

Paratype from CHIOC collected in Cochabamba, 13 km N of Colomi (17°13'29"S, 65°53"30"W), 3152 m high. Holotype, allotype, and paratypes deposited in the HWML collection. Other two paratypes deposited in CNHE.

Reference

Jiménez-Ruiz and Gardner (2003).

Gracilioxyuris Feijó, Lopes Torres, Maldonado Jr. & Lanfredi, 2008

Gracilioxyuris agilis Feijó, Torres, Maldonado Jr. & Lanfredi, 2008

Type host

Gracilinanus agilis (Burmeister, 1854) (Didelphimorphia: Didelphidae).

Infection site

Cecum.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Pantanal, Nhumirim Farm (18°59'00"S, 56°39'00"W).

Holotype

♂ 35518 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35517 (allotype ♀), 35518 b.

Remarks

CHIOC 35517 was collected in the Rio Negro Farm, Nhecolândia Region (19°34'54"S, 56°14'62"W), Pantanal, Mato Grosso do Sul State.

Reference

Feijó et al. (2008).

Pharyngodonidae Travassos, 1919
Brasilnema Moravec, Kohn & Fernandes, 1992

Brasilnema pimelodellae Moravec, Kohn & Fernandes, 1992

Type host

Pimelodella lateristriga

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River, Guaíra.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32718 a–b, e (♂♂), c–d, f–i (♀♀), 32719 a–d (♀♀).

Remarks

Holotype, allotype, and other paratypes deposited in the IPCAS collection. Additional paratypes deposited in MNHN.

Reference

Moravec et al. (1992a).

Ichthyouris Inglis, 1962

Ichthyouris brasiliensis Moravec, Kohn & Fernandes, 1992

Type host

Megalancistrus parananus (Peters, 1881) (Osteichthyes: Locariidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River, Guaíra.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32649, 32721 a–b (♂, ♀).

Remarks

Holotype, allotype, and other paratypes deposited in the IPCAS collection. Additional paratypes deposited in MNHN.

Reference

Moravec et al. (1992a).

Ichthyouris laterifilamenta Moravec, Kohn & Fernandes, 1992

Type host

Trachydoras paraguayensis (Eigenmann & Ward, 1907) (Osteichthyes: Doradidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Foz do Iguaçú, Reservoir of the hydroelectric power of Itaipú (24°20'S, 52°38'W).

Paratype

CHIOC 32925.

Remarks

Holotype, allotype, and other paratypes deposited in the IPCAS collection.

Reference

Moravec et al. (1992b).

Ichthyouris voltagrandensis Martins, Yoshitoshi & Umekita, 2001

Type host

Myleus tiete (Eigenmann & Norris, 1900) (Osteichthyes: Serrasalmidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Volta Grande Reservoir.

Holotype

CHIOC 33852 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33852 b (allotype ♀), 33852 c (5♂♂), 33852 d (7♀♀).

Reference

Martins et al. (2001).

Parasynodontisia Moravec, Kohn & Fernandes, 1992

Parasynodontisia petterae Moravec, Kohn & Fernandes, 1992

Type host

Rhinelepis aspera Spix & Agassiz, 1829 (Osteichthyes: Locariidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River, Guaíra.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32652, 32720 a (♂), b (♀).

Remarks

Holotype, allotype, and other paratypes deposited in the IPCAS collection. Additional paratypes deposited in MNHN.

Reference

Moravec et al. (1992b).

Skrjabinodon Inglis, 1968

Skrjabinodon heliocostai Vicente, Vrcibradic, Muniz-Pereira & Pinto, 2000

Type host

Notomabuya frenata (Cope, 1862) [= Mabuya frenata] (Autarchoglossa: Scincidae).

Infection site

Large intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, São Paulo State, Valinhos.

Holotype

. ♂ CHIOC 33965 a.

Paratypes

. CHIOC 33965 b (allotype ♀), CHIOC 33965 c–e (♂♂), f–h (♀♀).

Reference

Vicente et al. (2000b).

Skrjabinodon spinosulus Vicente, Vrcibradic, Rocha & Pinto, 2002

Type host

Aspronema dorsivittatum (Cope, 1862) [= Mabuya dorsivittata] (Autarchoglossa: Scincidae).

Infection site

Large and small intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, National Park of Itatiaia, Prateleiras.

Holotype

CHIOC 34539 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34539 b–c (♀♀), 34540 a–b (♂♂), 34541 a–b (♀♀), c (♂), d (2♀♀), e–f (larvae).

Remarks

Paratypes CHIOC 34541 a–f collected in the Ecological Station of Itirapina, São Paulo State.

Reference

Vicente et al. (2002).

Philometridae Baylis & Daubney, 1926
Philometra Costa, 1845

Philometra nattereri Cárdenas, Moravec, Fernandes & Morais, 2012

Type host

Pygocentrus nattereri Kner, 1858 (Osteichthyes: Serrasalmidae).

Infection site

Oculo-orbits and nasal mucosa.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Maracá Lake (03°50'32.8"S, 62°34'32.4"W), Coari.

Holotype

CHIOC 35777.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35778 (2♀♀), 35779 (♀), 35780 (♀), 35781 (♀), 35782.

Remarks

CHIOC 35779 collected in the Baixio Lake (03°17'27.2"S, 60°04'29.6"W), Iranduba; CHIOC 35780 collected in the Iauara Lake (03°36'39.2"S, 61°16'33.0"W), Manacapuru; CHIOC 35781 collected in the Araçá Lake (03°46'15.8"S, 62°20'10.3"W), Codajás; CHIOC 35782 collected in the Ananá Lake (03°53'54.8"S, 61°40'18.4"W), Anori (all localities in the Amazonas State). Other paratypes deposited in the INPA collection.

Reference

Cárdenas et al. (2012).

Physalopteridae Railliet, 1893
Physaloptera Rudolphi, 1819

Physaloptera bainae Pereira, Alves, Rocha, Souza Lima & Luque, 2014

Type host

Salvator merianae (Duméril & Bibron, 1839) (Autarchoglossa: Teiidae).

Infection site

Stomach.

Type locality

Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Juiz de Fora, Parque da Lajinha (21°47'32"S, 43°22'6"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 35885 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35885 b (allotype ♀), 35885 c (♂), 35885 d (2♀♀).

Reference

Pereira et al. (2014b).

Physaloptera galvaoi São Luiz, Simões, Lopes Torres, Barbosa, Santos, Giese, Rocha & Maldonado Jr., 2015

Type host

Cerradomys subflavus (Wagner, 1842) (Rodentia: Cricetidae).

Infection site

Stomach.

Type locality

Brazil, Minas Gerais State, São Roque de Minas, Serra da Canastra National Park (20°13'28.30"S, 46°30'39.20"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36758 a.

Paratype

CHIOC 36758 b (allotype ♀).

Reference

São Luiz et al. (2015).

Physaloptera herthameyerae Lopes Torres, Maldonado Jr. & Lanfredi, 2009

Type host

Gracilinanus agilis

Infection site

Stomach.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Pantanal, Alegria Farm (19°15'01"S, 57°01'29"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 35651 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35651 b (♂), 35652 a (allotype ♀), 36652 b (♀).

Reference

Lopes Torres et al. (2009).

Physaloptera tupinambae Pereira, Alves, Rocha, Lima & Luque, 2012

Type host

Salvator merianae [= Tupinambis merianae]

Infection site

Stomach.

Type locality

Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Juiz de Fora.

Holotype

CHIOC 35811 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35811 b (allotype ♂), 35811 c (♂, ♀).

Reference

Pereira et al. (2012b).

Quimperiidae Gendre, 1928
Neoparaseuratum Moravec, Kohn & Fernandes, 1992

Neoparaseuratum travassosi Moravec, Kohn & Fernandes, 1992

Type host

Pterodoras granulosus

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River near Guaíra.

Holotype

CHIOC 32722 a.

Paratype

CHIOC 32722 b (allotype ♀).

Remarks

There is no paratype CHIOC 32722 “c” as indicated in the original description, which was a mistake. Other paratype deposited in the IPCAS collection.

Reference

Moravec et al. (1992c).

Raphidascarididae Hartwich, 1954
Hysterothylacium Ward & Magath, 1917

Hysterothylacium deardorffoverstreetorum Knoff, Felizardo, Iñiguez, Maldonado Jr., Torres, Pinto & Gomes, 2012

Type host

Paralichthys isosceles Jordan, 1891 (Osteichthyes: Paralichthyidae).

Infection site

Abdominal cavity, abdominal musculature, stomach, stomach mucosa, mesentery, intestine, heart serosa, kidney serosa, liver serosa, ovary, ovary serosa, and spleen serosa.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Angra dos Reis (21°15'–23°23'S, 40°29'–44°28'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37523 a (L3 larvae).

Paratypes

CHIOC 37523 b–e, 35771 (L3 larvae).

Reference

Knoff et al. (2012).

Rhabdiasidae Railliet, 1916
Rhabdias Stilles & Hassall, 1905

Rhabdias filicaudalis Barrella, Santos & Silva, 2010

Type host

Spilotes pullatus Linnaeus, 1758 (Serpentes: Colubridae).

Infection site

Lungs.

Type locality

Brazil, São Paulo State, Avaré (23°6'S, 48°55'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 35653 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35653 b (5♀♀).

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in CHIBB.

Reference

Barella et al. (2010).

Rhabdias paraensis Santos, Melo, Silva, Giese & Furtado, 2011

Type host

Rhinella marina

Infection site

Lungs.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Belém (01°28'03"S, 48°20'18"W).

Holotype

Hermaphrodite ♀ CHIOC 35705 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35705 b (ten paratypes).

Reference

Santos et al. (2011).

Serpentirhabdias Trach, Kuzmin & Snyder, 2014

Serpentirhabdias viperidicus Morais, Aguiar, Müller, Narciso, Silva & Silva, 2016

Type host

Bothrops moojeni Hoge, 1966

Infection site

Lungs.

Type locality

Brazil, São Paulo State, Castilho, Private Reserve of Natural Heritage ‘Foz do Rio Aguapeí’ (21°03'04.9"S, 51°52'52.6"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 38318 a.

Paratype

CHIOC 38318 b.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in CHIBB.

Reference

Morais et al. (2016).

Rictulariidae Hall, 1915
Pterygodermatites (Multipectines) Quentin, 1969

Pterygodermatites (Multipectines) pluripectinata Hoppe, Araújo, Tebaldi & Nascimento, 2010

Type host

Cerdocyon thous

Infection site

Small intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraíba State, Patos (06°46'19"–07°38'52"S, 36°42'52"–38°08'56"W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 35628 (♂, ♀).

Remarks

Paratype from CHIOC cited as "35525" in the original description due to a mistake. Holotype and allotype deposited in the FCAV/UNESP of Jaboticabal, São Paulo State.

Reference

Hoppe et al. (2010).

Pterygodermatites (Paucipectines) Quentin, 1969

Pterygodermatites (Paucipectines) andyraicola Cardia, Tebaldi, Fornazari, Menozzi, Langoni, Nascimento, Bresciani & Hoppe, 2015

Type host

Eumops glaucinus (Wagner, 1843) (Chiroptera: Molossidae).

Infection site

Mucosa of the small intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, São Paulo State, Botucatú (22°52'47"S, 48°26'42"W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 35826 (♂, ♀).

Remarks

Holotype, allotype and additional paratypes deposited in FCAV/UNESP of Araçatuba, São Paulo State. Paratypes from CHIOC cited as “35824” in the original description due to a mistake. CHIOC 35826 collected in Jaú (22°17'44"S, 48°33'28"W), São Paulo State.

Reference

Cardia et al. (2015).

Strongyloididae Chitwood & McIntosh, 1934
Strongyloides Grass, 1879

Strongyloides ferrerai Rodrigues, Vicente & Gomes, 1985

Type host

Kerodon rupestris (Wied-Neuwied, 1820) (Rodentia: Caviidae).

Infection site

Small intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Piauí State, Floriano Peixoto.

Holotype

CHIOC 32172 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32172 b–e (♀♀).

Reference

Rodrigues et al. (1985).

Subuluridae Travassos, 1914
Subulura Molin, 1860

Subulura lacertilia Vicente, Van Sluys, Fontes & Kiefer, 2000

Type host

Eurolophosaurus nanuzae (Rodrigues, 1981) [= Tropidurus nanuzae] (Iguania: Tropiduridae).

Infection site

Large and small intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Serra do Cipó (19°20'S, 43°44'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 34196 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34196 d (allotype ♀), 34196 b, c (♂♂), 34197 a, c, e, g (♀♀), 34197 b, d, f (♂♂), 33853, 33854 (♂), 33855 (♂), 33856 (♂).

Reference

Vicente et al. (2000a).

Tetrameridae Travassos, 1914
Synhimantus (Synhimantus) Railliet, Henry & Sisoff, 1912

Synhimantus (Synhimantus) magnipapillatus Vicente, Pinto e Noronha, 1996

Type host

Nyctanassa violacea cayennensis (Gmelin, 1789) (Aves: Ardeidae).

Infection site

Gizzard.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Rio de Janeiro.

Holotype

CHIOC 33182 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33182 b, f–h (♂♂), c–e (♀♀).

Reference

Vicente et al. (1996).

Tetrameres (Tetrameres) Creplin, 1846

Tetrameres (Tetrameres) spirospiculum Pinto & Vicente, 1995

Type host

Theristicus caudatus caudatus (Boddaert, 1783) (Aves: Threskiornithidae).

Infection site

Gizzard (females in proventricular glands, males free in the lumen).

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Salobra.

Holotype

CHIOC 33173 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33173 b–c (♂♂), 33186 c (allotype ♀).

Reference

Pinto and Vicente (1995).

Trichostrongylidae Witenberg, 1925
Hoazinstrongylus Pinto & Gomes, 1985

Hoazinstrongylus amazonensis Pinto & Gomes, 1985

Type host

Opisthocomus hoazin (Müller, 1776) (Aves: Opisthocomidae).

Infection site

Proventriculus and gizzard.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Paraná de Cambixa, Careiro Island.

Holotype

CHIOC 32024 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32024 b–e (♀♀), 32025 a–b (♀♀), 32026 a–b (♂♂), c–d (♀♀).

Reference

Pinto and Gomes (1985).

Viannaiidae Durette-Desset & Chabaud, 1981
Avellaria Freitas & Lent, 1934

Avellaria intermedia Durette-Desset, Gonçalves & Pinto, 2006

Type host

Dasyprocta fuliginosa

Infection site

Small intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Barcelos, Jauari waterway, left margin of the Aracá River, Três Barracas settlement (0°58'29"S, 62°55'27"W).

Holotype

and allotype ♀. CHIOC 35416.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34883, 35072 a–g, 35417 (6♂♂), 35418 (7♀♀).

Reference

Durette-Desset et al. (2006).

Vianella Neveu-Lemaire, 1934

Vianella trichospicula Durette-Desset, Gonçalves & Pinto, 2006

Type host

Dasyprocta fuliginosa

Infection site

Small intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Barcelos, Jauari waterway, left margin of the Aracá River, Três Barracas settlement (0°58'29"S, 62°55'27"W).

Holotype

and allotype ♀. CHIOC 35419.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34857 (♂, ♀), 35420 (7♂♂), 35421 (4♀♀), 35052 a–k (♂♂).

Reference

Durette-Desset et al. (2006).

Xustrostomatidae Hunt, 2002
Trachyglossoides García & Morffe, 2015

Trachyglossoides jimenoi García & Morffe, 2015

Type host

Spirobollelus sp. (Diplopoda: Spirobolellidae).

Infection site

Hind gut.

Type locality

Cuba, Mayabeque Province, San José de las Lajas, La Jaula.

Paratypes

CHIOC 38211 a (♀), 38211 b (♂).

Remarks

CHIOC number was not included in the original description. Male holotype and male and female paratypes deposited in CZACC. Other paratypes deposited in the RIT collection.

Reference

García and Morffe (2015).

Phylum Cnidaria Hatschek, 1888

Unranked subphylum Myxozoa Grassé, 1970

Class Myxosporea Bütschli, 1881
Order Bivalvulida Shulman, 1959
Myxobolidae Thélohan, 1892
Henneguya Thélohan, 1892

Henneguya garavelli Martins & Onaka, 2006

Type host

Cyphocharax nagelii (Steindachner, 1881) (Osteichthyes: Curimatidae).

Infection site

Gill filaments.

Type locality

Brazil, São Paulo State, São José do Rio Pardo, Rio do Peixe Reservoir.

Holotype

CHIOC 34986.

Paratype

CHIOC 34818 (fixed gills).

Remarks

CHIOC samples cited as “specimens deposited” in the original description. No additional type material is deposited in other collections.

Reference

Martins and Onaka (2006).

Myxobolus Bütschli, 1882

Myxobolus peculiaris Martins & Onaka, 2006

Type host

Cyphocharax nagelii

Infection site

Gill filaments.

Type locality

Brazil, São Paulo State, São José do Rio Pardo, Rio do Peixe Reservoir.

Holotype

CHIOC 34987.

Paratype

CHIOC 34834 (fixed gills).

Remarks

CHIOC samples cited as “specimens deposited” in the original description. No additional type material is deposited in other collections.

Reference

Martins and Onaka (2006).

Phylum Annelida Lamarck, 1809

Class Polychaeta Grube, 1850

Order Eunicida Dales, 1962
Histriobdellidae Vaillant, 1890
Stratiodrilus Haswell, 1900

Stratiodrilus vilae Amato, 2001

Type host

Parastacus brasiliensis (von Martens, 1869) (Decapoda: Parastacidae).

Infection site

Branchial chamber.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul State, Taquara (29°37'S, 50°47'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 34334 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34334 b (allotype ♂), 34335 a–b, e (♀♀), c–d, f (♂♂).

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the USNM collection.

Reference

Amato (2001).

Class Hirudinea Linnaeus, 1758

Order Rhynchobdellida (Blanchard, 1894)
Ozobranchidae (Pinto, 1921)
Unoculubranchiobdella Peralta, Matos & Serra-Freire, 1998

Unoculubranchiobdella expansa Peralta, Matos & Serra-Freire, 1998

Type host

Podocnemis expansa (Schweigger, 1812) (Testudines: Podocnemididae).

Infection site

Carapace, plastron, head, over the eyes, pelvic appendages, cloaca, mouth and nostrils.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Belém, Zoobotanical Park of the Emílio Goeldi Museum.

Holotype

CHIOC 37524 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33598, 37524 b–e.

Remarks

The holotype and some paratypes received new numbers because part of the type material was mounted from CHIOC 33598 by the authors after the publication. CHIOC 33598 was indicated as holotype and paratypes in the original description.

Reference

Peralta et al. (1998).

Phylum Arthropoda von Siebold, 1848

Class Maxillopoda Dahl, 1956

Subclass Copepoda Milne Edwards, 1840
Order Poecilostomatoida Thorell, 1859
Bomolochidae Sumpf, 1871
Hamaticolax Ho & Lin, 2006

Hamaticolax unisagittatus (Tavares & Luque, 2003)

Type host

Centropomus undecimalis (Block, 1792) (Osteichthyes: Centropomidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Angra dos Reis (23°01'S, 44°19'W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 34819 (10♀♀).

Remarks

Species placed in Acantholochus Cressey, 1984 by Tavares and Luque (2003) and transferred to Hamaticolax by Morales-Serna and Gómez (2010). Holotype and other female paratypes deposited in the MNRJ carcinological collection.

References

Tavares and Luque (2003), Morales-Serna and Gómez (2010).

Chondracanthidae Milne Edwards, 1840
Pseudolernentoma Luque & Alves, 2003

Pseudolernentoma brasiliensis Luque & Alves, 2003

Type host

Genypterus brasiliensis Regan, 1903 (Osteichthyes: Ophidiidae).

Infection site

Oral cavity.

Type locality

Brazil, coastal zone of the Rio de Janeiro State (21–23°S, 41–45°W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 34892 (5♀♀), 34893 (3♂♂).

Remarks

Female holotype, male allotype, and other male and female paratypes deposited in the MNRJ carcinological collection.

Reference

Luque and Alves (2003).

Ergasilidae von Nordmann, 1832
Brasergasilus Thatcher & Boeger, 1983

Brasergasilus bifurcatus Santos, Thatcher & Brasil-Sato, 2007

Type host

Pygocentrus piraya (Cuvier, 1819)

Infection site

Gill filaments and nasal fossae.

Type locality

Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Upper São Francisco River, Três Marias Reservoir (18°12'59"S, 45°17'34"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36841.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35502 (♀), 35503 (♀), 35504 (♀), 36842 (♀), 36843 (♀), 36844 (♀).

Remarks

CHIOC 35504, 36843, and 36844 collected from the serrasalmid fish Serrasalmus brandtii Lütken, 1875.

Reference

Santos et al. (2007).

Ergasilus von Nordmann, 1832

Ergasilus thatcheri Engers, Boeger & Brandão, 2000

Type host

Rhamdia quelen (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) (Osteichthyes: Heptapteridae).

Infection site

Gills filaments.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul State, Barragem do Capané, Cachoeira do Sul.

Holotype

CHIOC 34008 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33840 a–c, 34008 b–f (♀♀).

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the collections of HWML and USNM.

Reference

Engers et al. (2000).

Ergasilus youngi Tavares & Luque, 2005

Type host

Aspistor luniscutis (Valenciennes, 1840) (Osteichthyes: Ariidae).

Infection site

Gills.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Angra dos Reis (23°01'S, 44°19'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 35393.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35392 (5♀♀), 35394 (5♀♀).

Reference

Tavares and Luque (2005).

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to Erik Russell Wild for reviewing the English of this manuscript. We thank Adriana Mainenti, Juliane Nunes Bernardo, Magda Sanches, Marianna Silva Costa, and Tainah Domingos Soares for technical support.

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