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Research Article
A new species of Xylotrechus Chevrolat from China (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae)
expand article infoShulin Yang§, Weicheng Yang§
‡ School of Life Sciences, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang, China
§ Research Center for Karst Caverns, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang, China
Open Access

Abstract

Xylotrechus tristisfacies sp. n. (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Cerambycinae, Clytini) from China is described and illustrated. Characters distinguishing the new species from its close relatives, which possess an entirely black or dark brown pronotum with a black median stripe on the disc and dense yellowish to gray pubescent elytra with black or brown spots or bands, are presented.

Keywords

Guizhou, Leigongshan Nature Reserve, longhorn beetles, taxonomy

Introduction

Xylotrechus Chevrolat, 1860 is a genus of the tribe Clytini Mulsant, 1839 characterized by one or more vertical or branching carina on the forehead. There are over 210 species and subspecies described worldwide. Among them, 125 species and subspecies are recorded in the Palaearctic region and 70 of them are distributed in China (Tavakilian and Chevillotte 2016, Danilevsky 2017). Specimens representing a new species of Xylotrechus were collected in a survey for the Leigongshan National Nature Reserve within Leishan County, Guizhou Province of China. The type material is preserved in the School of Life Sciences, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang, China (GZNULS).

Taxonomy

Xylotrechus tristisfacies sp. n.

Figure 1

Type material

Holotype ♂: Leigongshan National Nature Reserve, Leishan County, Guizhou Province, CHINA, 2016.VIII.31, 26°22'25"N, 108°11'58"E, leg. S. Yang (GZNULS). Paratypes: two ♀, same data as holotype except 2016.IX.21 (GZNULS); Four ♀, same location as holotype, 2017.X.7, leg. Yaokui Yang and Gugangzu Yang (GZNULS).

Figure 1. 

Xylotrechus tristisfacies sp. n., Male. a dorsal view c front view e lateral view Female. b dorsal view d front view f lateral view.

Differential diagnosis

Characters of Xylotrechus tristisfacies sp. n. place it into the subgenus Xylotrechus, especially into the species group whose elytra have black integuments clothed with dense yellow pubescence broken by black markings and the pronotum shows a black median stripe. This species group contains X. polyzonus (Fairmaire, 1888), X. multisignatus Pic, 1915, X. incurvatus incurvatus (Chevrolat, 1863), and X. incurvatus contortus Gahan, 1906 (Gressitt 1951, key couplets 25–27 for genus Xylotrechus). Though X. atrolineatus Pic, 1917 was not included in Gressitt (1951), it is close to X. incurvatus contortus and could be included into this group. Subsequently described species, such as X. vinnulus Holzschuh, 1993 and X. securus Holzschuh, 2009, could also be included into this group.

Similar to the new species, X. bilyi (Holzschuh, 2003), X. savioi (Pic, 1935), X. securus (Holzschuh, 2009), X. daoi (Gressitt & Rondon, 1970) and X. klapperichi (Gressitt, 1951) also have three black bands on each elytron. However, the new species differs from X. bilyi, X. savioi, and X. daoi in pronotal marking pattern, i.e., one median black ridge and one black round marking on each side of the ridge. In contrast, X. bilyi has one triangular marking in the middle and one on each side, X. savioi has three round black dots, one in the middle and one on each side, and X. daoi has one round black spot on each side and no median ridge.

The new species differs from X. klapperichi, which it resembles in general habitus, in the pronotum obviously narrower than elytra (pronotal width subequal to the elytral width in X. klapperichi), distinct black humeral markings, short lengthwise post-scutellar black markings (which X. klapperichi does not have), post-median elytral stripe more curving towards apex, and rather dense yellow pubescence with a caret shaped black marking on the apical third (not entirely pitch-black on the apical fourth as in X. klapperichi).

Xylotrechus securus, which also has one median black ridge and two round markings on the pronotum, was described from Laos (Holzschuh 2009) and it is the closest congener of X. tristisfacies. The elytral band pattern can differentiate these two species. The sutural end of the first elytral black band, starting from approximately the basal sixth, turns laterally at basal third in X. tristisfacies. The first elytral band of X. securus starts about basal fourth from the sutural end to nearly half of the elytral length to the lateral end. The 2nd elytral band of X. tristisfacies is wider than that of X. securus.

Description

Male (Fig. 1a, c, e): Body cylindrical; integument dark reddish brown to black, clothed with yellow and black pubescence forming black stripes and patches on pronotum and elytra. Length: 13.9 mm. Face and genae clothed with yellow pubescence, striated smooth black stripe, which narrow at bottom and gradually wide towards antennal insertions in the middle of frons; vertex densely punctured, also clothed with yellow pubescence except a narrow median black line. Antennae 11-segmented, short, not reaching hind femurs; 6th antennomere slightly surpassing the humeri; reddish-brown clothed with yellow hairs; these hairs longer on antennomeres I–V, especially on inner side of antennomeres II–V, suberect and forming small hair clusters; 3rd antennomere longer than scape, 4th and other antennomeres; 4th and 6th antennomeres subequal in length and shorter than 5th; 7th antennomere subequal to 6th; 8th through 11th antennomeres subequal and shorter than 7th. Prothorax longer than wide with nearly parallel sides, narrower than elytra; surface of disc densely punctured, clothed with yellow hairs except a median ridge and two round patches on the disc; ridge and patches rugulose and slightly raised. Elytra subparallel-sided, reddish brown, approximately 2.6 times longer than width at humeri; apices obliquely sub-truncate with outer angle minutely acute; mostly covered with short, dense yellow pubescence, thinner at basal and apical third; two lengthwise short black stripes at basal of each elytron, one at humerus and one at suture after scutellum; three transverse black bands on each elytron: 1st band V-shaped (outer half of the band shorter), from basal sixth to basal third, sutural apex of the band extending transversely towards suture but not reaching suture; 2nd band wider, curving towards apex to the middle of elytron, narrowing down obliquely forward and reaching suture; 3rd band at apical third, slightly curving forward as a caret character, not reaching suture. Legs reddish brown, thinly clothed with suberect pale yellow hairs, moderately elongated; femora moderately clavate; hind femora nearly reaching but not exceeding elytral apices; first meta-tarsomere longer than total length of remaining tarsomeres and at least twice as long as 2nd and 3rd combined. Sternites finely closely punctate, clothed with yellow pubescence except for the basal margin of the 2nd sternite.

Female (Fig. 1b, d, f): Mostly as the male except for: body somewhat larger on average; 7th antennomere surpassing the humeri; 1st elytral band wider, sutural vertex reaching suture and scutellum stripe for some individuals; 3rd elytral band wider sometimes, reaching suture or connecting to the 2nd marking in some individuals; meta-femora not reaching the elytral apex; yellow hairs not covering the basal margins of the 3rd, 4th and 5th sternite. Length 14.2–17.8 mm.

Etymology

The name of the new species was inspired by the pensive face emoji-like pattern formed by the transverse black stripes on its elytra.

Modified couplets to key by Gressitt (1951) of Chinese Xylotrechus species group above to accommodate the new species

24 Pronotum with a distinct median black stripe 25
Pronotum lacking a distinct median black stripe, but with several indistinct blackish areas on disk savioi
25 Pronotum with lateral discal spots more or less separated, not joined to basal band by curved lateral stripes 26
Pronotum with median stripe joining a subbasal band that curves forward to join lateral spots of disc polyzonus
26 Frons with a single carina 27
Frons with a V-shaped carina or striated projected stripe 30
27 Four transverse bands on each elytron, the first maybe reduced to a marking in the middle of elytron; the hind two curved toward base, or the third one curved toward base and the last broken into two markings 28
Three transverse black bands on each elytron, the last covers apical third of elytron klapperichi
28 Second elytral band widely separated from third band incurvatus incurvatus
Second elytral band curving backward on disc nearly to third band 29
29 Last elytral band not broken into two markings incurvatus contortus
Last elytral band broken into two markings atrolineatus
30 Elytra with ground color entirely black, clothed with yellow pubescence and with a common postsutural spot and each with three longitudinal stripes of black multisignatus
Elytra with only two post-scutellum longitudinal short stripes, no other longitudinal stripes tristisfacies sp. n.

Acknowledgements

The study is funded by Guizhou Science and Technology Department (Grant No. 黔科合SY字 [2013]3170 and 黔科合J字LKS[2011]38号), Guizhou Human Resources and Social Security Department [黔人项目资助合同(2013)12号] and National Science Foundation of China (31360435). We thank Xavier Gouverneur (Rennes, France) for helping with the determination of the specimen, Tomas Tichý (Ostrava, Czech Republic) for providing us the photo of the type of X. klapperichi, and Xavier Gouverneur and Francesco Vitali (Luxembourg, Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg) for their help in improving the manuscript.

References

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