Catalogue
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Catalogue
Type material of Platyhelminthes housed in the Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute/ FIOCRUZ (CHIOC), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 1979 to 2016 (Rhabditophora, Trematoda and Cestoda)
expand article infoDaniela A. Lopes, Adriana Mainenti, Marcelo Knoff, Delir Corrêa Gomes
‡ Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Open Access

Abstract

The second part of the catalogue of type material deposited in the Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute/ FIOCRUZ (CHIOC), between 1979 and 2016, is presented, to complement the first list of all types that was published in 1979. This part includes Platyhelminthes other than monogenoids, which were covered in the first part published in September 2016. The present catalogue comprises type material for 104 species, distributed across three classes, 40 families and 75 genera. Species names are listed systematically, followed by type host, infection site, type locality and specimens with their collection numbers and references. The classification and the nomenclature of the species have been updated.

Keywords

Catalogue, cestodes, holotype, paratype, rhabditophorans, trematodes

Introduction

The century-old Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute/ FIOCRUZ (CHIOC), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, contains helminths that form part of the fauna of Brazil and other countries, from a wide range of hosts that were caught in different biomes. The samples are holotypes, paratypes and representative specimens of Platyhelminthes, Acanthocephala, Nematoda and other non-helminth phyla. Today, the CHIOC holds around 38.400 samples of helminth parasites from South America and other continents. It is the biggest collection in Latin America and it is among the largest collections at a worldwide reference level (Rego 1982, Knoff et al. 2010). Details about the history and composition of CHIOC were presented in Lopes et al. (2016).

The first catalogue of all type material held in the CHIOC recorded 719 types of helminths (only holotypes or type series): 408 of nematodes, 216 of digenetic trematodes, 11 of monogenoids, 52 of acanthocephalans, 28 of cestodes and four of pentastomids (Rego et al. 1979). Since publication of the first catalogue, the collection has grown substantially and the number of types has increased significantly as well. Recently, Lopes et al. (2016) published another catalogue listing 203 type species of Monogenoidea. The present catalogue is the second list of type species held in this collection, and it includes platyhelminths of the classes Rhabditophora, Trematoda and Cestoda that have been deposited in CHIOC since 1979. The purpose of this article is to inform the scientific community about the types deposited in CHIOC, up to 1 December 2016. In our presentation, we have followed the articles of the Code (ICZN 1999).

Materials and methods

The specimens are stored in glass or plastic vials in 70% ethanol or as microscope slide preparations. All the material is available for consultation, but holotypes are not loaned. Unless otherwise stated, all type material is in good condition.

The catalogue is arranged taxonomically as classes, subclasses, orders, families, genera and species, under the original spelling and combinations. Classes and subclasses are arranged following phylogenetic order. Orders, families, genera and species are arranged alphabetically. The information on each entry is presented in the following format:

1. Original genus-species combination with author(s) and year of publication. Asterisk (*) denotes the type species of the genus.

2. Type host: updated scientific name, author(s) and year, with original scientific name in square brackets (when changed), followed by principal taxonomic group in parentheses.

3. Infestation or infection site in the host.

4. Type locality: country, province or state, department, specific locality and coordinates (if available).

5. Primary type status: CHIOC catalogue number. The categories for the types used followed articles 73–75 of the Code (ICZN 1999).

6. Remark sections are inserted when necessary and include additional information about host, locality or status of the species and types.

7. References include publications in which the species was described and those that mention type specimens in the CHIOC.

The valid names adopted for parasitized hosts follow specific bibliographies. Gastropod names are present in accordance with Rosenberg (2010); crustaceans, with Young (1998); caddisflies, with Paprocki and França (2014); stoneflies, with Froehlich (2010); bugs, with De Carlo (1967) and Ribeiro (2007); fish, with Froese and Pauly (2016); amphibians, with Frost (2006); reptiles, with Uetz et al. (2016); birds, with Lepage and Warnier (2014); and mammals, with Wilson and Reeder (2005). Mention of rhabditophorans, trematodes, cestodes and host species in this list does not imply that the authors of the present report agree with their validity or taxonomy. Some species catalogued have been synonymized and the comments about their taxonomy are in the remark sections. The higher classification of Rhabditophora follows Littlewood and Bray (2001) and Willems et al. (2006); Trematoda follows Gibson et al. (2002), Olson et al. (2003), Jones et al. (2005) and Bray et al. (2008); and Cestoda follows the Global Cestode Database (2016). The classification of families and genera follows specific references.

The following abbreviations are used in the text:

BMNH British Museum of Natural History, Collection at the Department of Zoology, Natural History Museum, London, England;

CHFC Helminthological Collection of the Science College, University of the Republic, Montevideo, Uruguay;

CHIBB Reference Helminthological Collection of the Parasitology Department, Bioscience Institute, Paulista State University (UNESP), Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil;

CHIOC Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil;

CHMLP Helminthological Collection of the Museum of La Plata, La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina;

CNHE National Collection of Helminths, Institute of Biology, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico;

HWML Harold W. Manter Laboratory, University of Nebraska State Museum, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA;

INPA National Institute for Amazon Research, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil;

IPCAS Institute of Parasitology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, České Budějovice, Czech Republic;

MEPN Museum of the National Polytechnic School, Quito, Ecuador;

MHNG National Museum of Natural History, Geneva, Switzerland;

MNHN National Museum of Natural History, Paris, France;

USNM United States National Museum, Beltsville, Maryland, USA;

USNPC United States National Parasitological Collection, Beltsville, Maryland, USA.

Results and discussion

This database and bibliographic survey presents the diversity of Rhabditophora, Trematoda (subclasses Aspidogastrea and Digenea) and Cestoda types in CHIOC, from Brazil and other countries in the world, covering more than 35 years of parasitological studies. We have now added 39 primary types of Rhabditophora, represented by eight species within one family (Temnocephalidae) and genus (Temnocephala); approximately 270 primary types of Trematoda, represented by 52 species distributed across 29 families and 46 genera; and approximately 130 primary types of Cestoda, represented by 44 species distributed across ten families and 28 genera. Among the trematodes, Rugogastridae was the only family of Aspidogastrea catalogued, while seven families of Digenea (Cryptogonimidae, Gorgoderidae, Haploporidae, Lecithasteridae, Lepocreadiidae, Monorchiidae and Opecoelidae) were the most representative, with three species each. Among the cestodes, Monticelliidae was the most representative family, with 21 species, followed by Proteocephalidae, with 13 species.

One hundred and four parasites of 70 species of vertebrate hosts and eight species of invertebrate hosts were catalogued. Most of the trematode and cestode type species recorded (84%) were parasites of bony fishes, as were the Monogenoidea (Lopes et al. 2016). Pimelodidae was the host family that presented the greatest diversity of parasites, with 23 species. Only five cestode species were parasites of cartilaginous fishes (Narcinidae, Potamotrygonidae, Triakidae and Urolophidae). The Tetrapoda hosts were frogs, birds, mammals and reptiles. One cestode species was a parasite of toads (Bufonidae) and one digenetic trematode species was a parasite of birds (Scolopacidae). Among the helminth parasites of mammals, one digenetic trematode species was a parasite of bats (Phyllostomidae), and one cestode and four digenetic trematodes species were parasites of rats (Cricetidae) and mice (Muridae). Among the helminth parasites of reptiles, five digenetic trematode species were parasites of alligators (Alligatoridae), two digenetic trematode species were parasites of lizards (Gekkonidae), two cestodes and one digenetic trematode species were parasites of snakes (Colubridae and Tropidophiidae), and one digenetic trematode species was a parasite of turtles (Podocnemididae). All temnocephalids were parasites of invertebrates: one species was a parasite of gastropods (Neritidae), one species was a parasite of caddisflies (Odontoceridae), one species was a parasite of stoneflies (Perlidae), two species were parasites of bugs (Belostomatidae and Naucoridae) and three species were parasites of freshwater crustaceans (Aeglidae and Trichodactylidae). Most of the species was collected in Brazil (90%), from all regions of this country except the northeast. Other samples were collected from Central America (Costa Rica) and South America (Bolivia, Ecuador, Paraguay and Uruguay).

List of type species

Phylum Platyhelminthes Gegenbaur, 1859

Class Rhabditophora Ehlers, 1985 (‘Turbellaria’)

Order Rhabdocoela Ehrenberg, 1831
Temnocephalidae Monticelli, 1899
Temnocephala Blanchard, 1849

Temnocephala caddisflyi Amato, Amato, Seixas, Vidigal & Andrade, 2011

Type host

Barypenthus sp. (caddisfly larvae) (Trichoptera: Odontoceridae).

Infection site

Adults on the dorsal and ventral sides of the thoracic segments; eggs predominantly on the dorsal side of the thoracic segments.

Type locality

Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Jaboticatubas, Serra do Cipó National Park, State Highway MG–010 (km 96), Córrego das Pedras (19°22'10"S, 043°35'53"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37460 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37460 b, 37461, 37462.

Remarks

Other paratype deposited in CHMLP.

Reference

Amato et al. (2011).

Temnocephala curvicirri Amato & Amato, 2005

Type host

Belostoma dilatatum (Dufour, 1863) (Hemiptera: Belostomatidae).

Infestation site

Ventral side of body; eggs located under the rostrum and between the coxopodites of the first and second pairs of legs.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul State, Viamão, Tarumã Lake (30°04'14"S, 51°01'20"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36461.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36462 a–g, 36463, 36464, 36465.

Remarks

CHIOC 36463, 36464 and 36465 collected in Eldorado do Sul, Arrozeira (30°01'36"S, 51°22'42"W; Rio Grande do Sul State).

Reference

Amato and Amato (2005).

Temnocephala cyanoglandula Amato, Amato & Daudt, 2003

Type host

Aegla serrana Buckup & Rossi, 1977 (Decapoda: Aeglidae).

Infection site

Branchial chambers and body surface; eggs cemented over external surfaces of exoskeleton; in different regions of the ventral side: perioral area, pleural strips, esternal plates, pereiopods and chelipods; to a lesser extent on the dorsal side of cephalothorax and dorsal side of uropods.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul State, Cambará do Sul, Tainhas, 5 km East of State Road RS–020, Utopia II Farm (29°15'10"S, 50°15'45"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36199.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36197, 36198, 36200, 36201, 36202.

Reference

Amato et al. (2003).

Temnocephala euryhalina Seixas, Amato & Amato, 2015

Type host

Neritina zebra (Bruguière, 1792) (Gastropoda: Neritidae).

Infection site

Adults and juveniles in mantle cavity; eggs not found in the body, on the shell, and neither on the operculum.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Cametá, Tocantins River (2°14'35.39"S, 49°29'50.29"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 38046.

Remarks

Paratypes deposited in CHMLP and INPA.

Reference

Seixas et al. (2015a).

Temnocephala longivaginata Seixas, Amato & Amato, 2011

Type host

Dilocarcinus septemdentatus (Herbst, 1783) (Decapoda: Trichodactylidae).

Infection site

Branchial chambers.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Peixe-Boi, Peixe-Boi River (01°07'17.65"S, 47°18'48.35"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37458 a.

Paratype

CHIOC 37458 b.

Remarks

Other paratype deposited in CHMLP.

Reference

Seixas et al. (2011).

Temnocephala minutocirrus Amato, Seixas & Amato, 2007

Type host

Cryphocricos granulosus De Carlo, 1967 (Hemiptera: Naucoridae).

Infestation site

Juvenile and adults on the ventral side of body. Eggs deposited on ventral side of body, between coxae, trochanters, and sternum; on dorsal side on top of scutellum, clavus, and hemelytra.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul State, Maquiné, Barra do Ouro, Arroio Forqueta (29°32'19"S, 50°14'47"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36877 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36877 b, 36878, 36879, 36880, 36881.

Reference

Amato et al. (2007).

Temnocephala trapeziformis Amato, Amato & Seixas, 2006

Type host

Trichodactylus fluviatilis Latreille, 1828 (Decapoda: Trichodactylidae).

Infestation site

External surface of body, including the orbital cavities; eggs fixed over pleural sides of the carapace, orbital cavities, and mostly on the fourth pair of pereiopods.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul State, Maquiné, Arroio Água Parada (29°66'20"S, 50°21'15"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36617.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36618, 36619, 36620, 36621, 36622, 36623.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the INPA collection.

Reference

Amato et al. (2006).

Temnocephala stoneflyi Seixas, Amato & Amato, 2015

Type host

Kempnyia reticulata (Klapálek, 1916) (Plecoptera: Perlidae).

Infection site

Head, mesonotum and median legs of the immatures.

Type locality

Brazil, Espírito Santo State, Santa Teresa, Biological Reserve of Santa Lúcia, Córrego da Divisa (19°58'28.4"S; 40°31'54.4"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 38203.

Paratype

CHIOC 38204.

Reference

Seixas et al. (2015b).

Class Trematoda Rudolphi, 1808

Subclass Aspidogastrea Faust & Tang, 1936

Order Aspidogastrida Skrjabin & Guschanskaja, 1962

Rugogastridae Schell, 1973
Rugogaster Schell, 1973

Rugogaster callorhinchi Amato & Pereira Jr., 1995

Type host

Callorhinchus callorynchus (Linnaeus, 1758) [= Callorhinchus callorhynchus] (Osteichthyes: Callorhinchidae).

Infection site

Rectal glands.

Type locality

Atlantic Ocean, coasts of Uruguay and Argentina, estuary of the La Plata River (34–36° S, 54–57° W).

Holotype

CHIOC 33671 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33671 b–s, 33672 a–c, 33673, 33674, 33675.

Reference

Amato and Pereira Jr. (1995).

Subclass Digenea Carus, 1863

Order Diplostomida Olson, Cribb, Tkach, Bray & Littlewood, 2003

Aporocotylidae Odhner, 1912

Cardicola Short, 1953

Cardicola brasiliensis Knoff & Amato, 1992

Type host

Mugil liza Valenciennes, 1836 [= Mugil platanus Günther, 1880] (Osteichthyes: Mugilidae).

Infection site

Blood vessels of heart.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Sepetiba Bay (21°–23° S, 42°–45° W).

Holotype

CHIOC 32657 a.

Paratype

CHIOC 32657 b.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the HWML collection.

Reference

Knoff and Amato (1992a).

Sanguinicola Plehn, 1905

Sanguinicola platyrhynchi Guidelli, Isaac & Pavanelli, 2002

Type host

Hemisorubim platyrhynchos (Valenciennes, 1840) (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae).

Infection site

Visceral cavity.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul State, floodplain of the upper Paraná River, Baía River.

Holotype

CHIOC 34360.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34361 a–b.

Reference

Guidelli et al. (2002).

Proterodiplostomidae Dubois, 1936

Proterodisplostomum Dubois, 1936

Proterodisplostomum breve Catto & Amato, 1994

Type host

Caiman yacare (Daudin, 1802) [= Caiman crocodilus yacare] (Crocodylia: Alligatoridae).

Infection site

Anterior and middle sections of the small intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Corumbá, Nhumirim Farm (18°59'S, 56°39'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 33001 c.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33001 a–b, 33002 a–b, 33003 a–d, 33004.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the USNM collection.

Reference

Catto and Amato (1994).

Proterodisplostomum globulare Catto & Amato, 1994

Type host

Caiman yacare (= C. crocodilus yacare)

Infection site

Anterior, middle, and posterior sections of the small intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Corumbá, Nhumirim Farm (18°59'S, 56°39'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 33005 b.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33005 a, 33006, 33007, 33008 a–b, 33009, 33010 a–b.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the USNM collection.

Reference

Catto and Amato (1994).

Order Plagiorchiida La Rue, 1957

Acanthocolpidae Lühe, 1906

Tormopsolus Poche, 1926

Tormopsolus brasiliensis Knoff & Fernandes, 2010

Type host

Genypterus brasiliensis Regan, 1903 (Osteichthyes: Ophidiidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Niterói (22°53'00"S, 43°06'16"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37228 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37228 b–l, 37229, 37230, 37231 a–b.

Reference

Knoff and Fernandes (2010).

Alloglossidiidae Hernández-Mena, Mendoza-Garfias, Ornelas-García & Ponce de León, 2016

Magnivitellinum Kloss, 1966

Magnivitellinum corvitellinum Lacerda, Takemoto & Pavanelli, 2009

Type host

Hoplosternum littorale (Hancock, 1828) (Osteichthyes: Callichthyidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Upper Paraná River floodplain (22°43'S, 53°10'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37170 a.

Paratype

CHIOC 37170 b.

Remarks

Other paratype deposited in USNPC.

Reference

Lacerda et al. (2009).

Anenterotrematidae Yamaguti, 1958

Apharyngotrema Marshall & Miller, 1979

Apharyngotrema lenti Santos & Gibson, 1998

Type host

Anoura caudifer (Geoffroy, 1818) (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae).

Infection site

Gall-bladder.

Type locality

Brazil, Amapá State, Vila Nova, Serra do Navio (0°37'N, 51°47'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 33765.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33766 a–b.

Remarks

CHIOC 33766 a–b collected from Saccopteryx bilineata (Temminck, 1838) (Chiroptera: Emballonuridae). Other paratypes deposited in the BMNH collection.

Reference

Santos and Gibson (1998).

Apocreadiidae Skrjabin, 1942

Homalometron Stafford, 1904

Homalometron carapevae Amato, 1983

Type host

Eugerres brasilianus (Cuvier, 1830) (Osteichthyes: Gerreidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Santa Catarina State, Florianópolis, Lagoa da Conceição.

Holotype

CHIOC 31932.

Remarks

Other material deposited in the HWML collection.

Reference

Amato (1983a).

Neoapocreadium Siddiqi & Cable, 1960

Neoapocreadium chabaudi Kohn & Fernandes, 1982

Type host

Stephanolepis hispidus (Linnaeus, 1766) (Osteichthyes: Monacanthidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Angra do Reis.

Holotype

CHIOC 31813 b.

Paratype

CHIOC 31813 a.

Reference

Kohn and Fernandes (1982a).

Bucephalidae Poche, 1907

Rhipidocotyle Diesing, 1858

Rhipidocotyle gibsoni Kohn & Fernandes, 1994

Type host

Acestrorhynchus lacustris (Lütken, 1875) (Osteichthyes: Acestrorhynchidae).

Infection site

Pyloric caeca.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River, Guaíra.

Holotype

CHIOC 33119 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33119 b–m, 33120 a–b.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the BMNH collection.

Reference

Kohn and Fernandes (1994).

Cladorchiidae Fischoeder, 1901

Dadayius Fukui, 1929

Dadayius pacupeva Lacerda, Takemoto & Pavanelli, 2003

Type host

Metynnis maculatus (Kner, 1858) (Osteichthyes: Serrasalmidae).

Infection site

Intestinal tract.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Upper Paraná River floodplain near Porto Rico.

Holotype

CHIOC 36394 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36394 b, 36395.

Reference

Lacerda et al. (2003).

Oriximinatrema Knoff, Brooks, Mullins & Gomes, 2012

Oriximinatrema noronhae Knoff, Brooks, Mullins & Gomes, 2012

Type host

Podocnemis expansa (Schweigger, 1812) (Testudines: Podocnemididae).

Infection site

Stomach and intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Oriximiná (01°45'55"S, 55°51'50"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36633 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36633 b, 36634 a–g, 36635.

Remarks

There is no paratype CHIOC 36634 “h” as informed in the original description.

Reference

Knoff et al. (2012).

Cryptogonimidae Ward, 1917

Annakohniella Fernandes, Cohen, Mendonça & Justo, 2013

Annakohniella travassosi Fernandes, Cohen, Mendonça & Justo, 2013

Type host

Rhaphiodon vulpinus Agassiz, 1829 (Osteichthyes: Cynodontidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Tocantins State, Capivara River (81°27'57"S, 31°44'23"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37532 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37532 b–g.

Reference

Fernandes et al. (2013a).

Parspina Pearse, 1920

Parspina papernai Kohn & Fernandes, 2011

Type host

Iheringichthys labrosus (Lütken, 1874) (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, reservoir of the Itaipu Binational Hydroelectric Power Station, Guaíra (24°04'48"S, 54°15'21"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37313 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37312 a–c, 37313 b–c.

Reference

Kohn and Fernandes (2011).

Proctocaecum Baugh, 1957

Proctocaecum dorsale Catto & Amato, 1993

Type host

Caiman yacare (= C. crocodilus yacare)

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Corumbá, Nhumirim Farm (18°59'S, 56°39'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 32896 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32896 b–c, 32897 a–b, 32898, 32899 a–b, 33000 a–b.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the USNM collection.

Reference

Catto and Amato (1993a).

Dicrocoeliidae Looss, 1899

Yungasicola Gardner & Pérez-Léon, 2002

Yungasicola travassosi Gardner & Pérez-Léon, 2002

Type host

Akodon fumeus Thomas, 1902 (Rodentia: Cricetidae).

Infection site

Gall bladder and bile ducts.

Type locality

Bolivia, La Paz, Aceromarca River (16°19'S, 67°53'W), elevation 2.990 m.

Paratype

CHIOC 36829.

Remarks

Holotype and paratypes deposited in the HWML collection. Other paratypes deposited in CNHE and USNPC. Paratype from CHIOC donated by Gardner.

Reference

Gardner and Pérez-Léon (2002).

Didymozoidae Monticelli, 1888

Didymocystis Ariola, 1902

Didymocystis lamotheargumedoi Kohn & Justo, 2008

Type host

Thunnus atlanticus (Lesson, 1831) (Osteichthyes: Scombridae).

Infection site

Operculum and palate.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, off Cabo Frio (22°52'46"S, 42°01'07"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36927 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36927 b–p, 36928 a–b, 39929 a–b, 36930, 36931, 36932 a–d, 36933.

Remarks

Paratypes collected from other scombrid fish: CHIOC 36928 a–b from the operculum of Katsuwonus pelamis (Linnaeus, 1758), and 36933 from the palate of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre, 1788).

Reference

Kohn and Justo (2008).

Pozdnyakovia Justo & Kohn, 2012

Pozdnyakovia gibsoni Justo & Kohn, 2012

Type host

Katsuwonus pelamis

Infection site

Serosa of stomach.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, off Cabo Frio (22°52'46"S, 42°01'07"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37541.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37542 a–c.

Reference

Justo and Kohn (2012).

Echinostomatidae Looss, 1899

Echinostoma Rudolphi, 1809

Echinostoma luisreyi Maldonado Jr., Vieira & Lanfredi, 2003

Type host

Mus musculus Linnaeus, 1758 (Rodentia: Muridae).

Infection site

Posterior part of the small intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Sumidouro (22°02"S, 42°41"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 34214 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34214 b–d.

Remarks

Other paratype deposited in USNPC.

Reference

Maldonado Jr. et al. (2003).

Fellodistomidae Nicoll, 1909

Monascus Looss, 1907

Monascus americanus Amato, 1982

Type host

Trachurus lathami Nichols, 1920 (Osteichthyes: Carangidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Santa Catarina State, Florianópolis, Barra da Lagoa.

Holotype

CHIOC 31869.

Remarks

Paratype deposited in the HWML collection. This species was considered to be a synonym of M. filiformis (Rudolphi, 1819) by Gaevskaya (1989) and Sey et al. (2003). However, the species is accepted by Gibson (2015).

References

Amato (1982a), Gaevskaya (1989), Sey et al. (2003), Gibson (2015).

Tergestia Stossich, 1899

Tergestia selenei Amato, 1982

Type host

Selene vomer (Linnaeus, 1758) (Osteichthyes: Carangidae).

Infection site

Intestine and pyloric ceca.

Type locality

Brazil, Santa Catarina State, Florianópolis, Barra da Lagoa.

Holotype

CHIOC 31867.

Remarks

Paratype deposited in the HWML collection. The species was considered to be a synonym of T. pauca Freitas & Kohn, 1965 by Wallet and Kohn (1987). However, the species is accepted by Gibson (2015).

References

Amato (1982a), Wallet and Kohn (1987), Gibson (2015).

Gorgoderidae Looss, 1899

Dendrorchis Travassos, 1926

Dendrorchis retrobiloba Volonterio & León, 2005

Type host

Astyanax fasciatus (Cuvier, 1819) (Osteichthyes: Characidae).

Infection site

Swim bladder.

Type locality

Uruguay, Montevideo, Cañada del Dragón stream (34°47'S, 56°14'W)

Paratypes

CHIOC 36392 a–b.

Remarks

Holotype and paratypes deposited in CHFC. Other paratypes deposited in CNHE.

Reference

Volonterio and León (2005).

Phyllodistomum Braun, 1899

Phyllodistomum mugilis Knoff & Amato, 1992

Type host

Mugil liza (= M. platanus)

Infection site

Urinary bladder.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Guanabara Bay.

Holotype

CHIOC 32658.

Remarks

Paratype deposited in the HWML collection.

Reference

Knoff and Amato (1992b).

Phyllodistomum rhamdiae Amato & Amato, 1993

Type host

Rhamdia quelen (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) (Osteichthyes: Heptapteridae).

Infection site

Urinary bladder.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Guandu River, Km 47 old Rio de Janeiro-São Paulo highway.

Holotype

CHIOC 33067.

Paratype

CHIOC 33068.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the USNM collection.

Reference

Amato and Amato (1993).

Haploporidae Nicoll, 1914

Chalcinotrema Freitas, 1947

Chalcinotrema thatcheri Kohn, Fernandes & Gibson, 1999

Type host

Schizodon knerii (Steindachner, 1875) (Osteichthyes: Anostomidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River, Guaíra.

Holotype

CHIOC 33920 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33920 b–d, 33921.

Reference

Kohn et al. (1999).

Intromugil Overstreet & Curran, 2005

Intromugil annakohnae Fernandes & Cohen, 2006

Type host

Mugil liza

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Rio de Janeiro, Copacabana beach (22°58'0"S, 43°10'0"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36639 a.

Paratype

CHIOC 36639 b.

Reference

Fernandes and Cohen (2006).

Saccocoelioides Szidat, 1954

Saccocoelioides godoyi Kohn & Fróes, 1986

Type host

Leporinus elongatus Valenciennes, 1850 (Osteichthyes: Anostomidae).

Infection site

Intestine and stomach.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul State, Guaíba estuary.

Holotype

CHIOC 32185 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32185 b–h.

Reference

Kohn and Fróes (1986).

Haplosplanchnidae Poche, 1926

Schikhobalotrema Skrjabin & Guschanskaja, 1955

Schikhobalotrema solitaria Fernandes & Goulart, 1989

Type host

Stephanolepsis hispidus (Linnaeus, 1766) (Osteichthyes: Monacanthidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Rio de Janeiro, Copacabana beach.

Holotype

CHIOC 32583.

Reference

Fernandes and Goulart (1989a).

Hemiuridae Looss, 1899

Dinosoma Manter, 1934

Dinosoma clupeola Fernandes & Goulart, 1989

Type host

Harengula clupeola (Cuvier, 1829) (Osteichthyes: Clupeidae).

Infection site

Stomach and intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Rio de Janeiro, Copacabana beach.

Holotype

CHIOC 32479.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32480 a–b, 32481 a–b, 32482, 32483.

Reference

Fernandes and Goulart (1989b).

Lecithocladium Lühe, 1901

Lecithocladium chaetodipteri Amato, 1983

Type host

Chaetodipterus faber (Broussonet, 1782) (Osteichthyes: Ephippidae).

Infection site

Stomach.

Type locality

Brazil, Santa Catarina State, Florianópolis, Barra da Lagoa.

Holotype

CHIOC 31992.

Remarks

Other material deposited in the HWML collection.

Reference

Amato (1983b).

Lecithasteridae Odhner, 1905

Hysterolecitha Linton, 1910

Hysterolecitha brasiliensis Oliveira, Amato & Knoff, 1988

Type host

Mugil liza

Infection site

Stomach and intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Itaguaí, Da Guarda River (22°45’–23°00'S, 43°50'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 32287.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32288 a–b.

Remarks

Other paratype deposited in the HWML collection.

Reference

Oliveira et al. (1988).

Lecithaster Lühe, 1901

Lecithaster falcatus Amato, 1983

Type host

Diplectrum radiale (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) (Osteichthyes: Serranidae).

Infection site

Stomach and intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Santa Catarina State, Florianópolis, Norte Bay, Sambaqui.

Holotype

CHIOC 31988.

Remarks

Paratype deposited in the HWML collection.

Reference

Amato (1983b).

Prolecitha Manter, 1961

Prolecitha brasiliensis Amato, 1983

Type host

Trachinotus marginatus Cuvier, 1832 (Osteichthyes: Carangidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Santa Catarina State, Florianópolis, Barra da Lagoa.

Holotype

CHIOC 31991.

Remarks

No paratype deposited.

Reference

Amato (1983b).

Lepocreadiidae Odhner, 1905

Multitestoides Yamaguti, 1971

Multitestoides brasiliensis (Amato, 1983)

Type host

Chaetodipterus faber

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Santa Catarina State, Florianópolis, Norte Bay, Sambaqui.

Holotype

CHIOC 31938.

Paratype

CHIOC 31939.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the HWML collection. Species described as Multitestis (Multitestoides) brasiliensis by Amato (1983a).

Reference

Amato (1983a).

Prodistomum Linton, 1910

Prodistomum chloroscombri (Amato, 1983)

Type host

Chloroscombrus chrysurus (Linnaeus, 1766) (Osteichthyes: Carangidae).

Infection site

Intestine and pyloric ceca.

Type locality

Brazil, Santa Catarina State, Florianópolis, Norte Bay, Sambaqui.

Holotype

CHIOC 31933.

Remarks

Paratypes deposited in the HWML collection. Species described as Acanthocolpoides chloroscombri by Amato (1983a).

Reference

Amato (1983a).

Prodistomum pomatomi (Amato, 1983)

Type host

Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1766) (Osteichthyes: Pomatomidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Santa Catarina State, Florianópolis, Norte Bay, Biguaçú.

Holotype

CHIOC 31934.

Remarks

Paratype deposited in the HWML collection. Species described as Acanthocolpoides pomatomi by Amato (1983a).

Reference

Amato (1983a).

Microphallidae Ward, 1901

Metamaritrema Yamaguti, 1971

Metamaritrema mariettavogeae (Kohn, Fernandes, Pinto & Mello, 1981)

Type host

Nectomys squamipes (Brants, 1827) (Rodentia: Cricetidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Goiás State, Formosa.

Holotype

CHIOC 31877 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37877 b–q.

Remarks

Species referred to as Maritremopsis mariettavogeae by Kohn et al. (1981). Maritremopsis was considered to be a synonym of Metamaritrema by Deblock (2008).

References

Kohn et al. (1981), Deblock (2008).

Monorchiidae Odner, 1911

Diplomonorchis Hopkins, 1941

Diplomonorchis catarinensis Amato, 1982

Type host

Micropogonias furnieri (Desmarest, 1823) (Osteichthyes: Sciaenidae).

Infection site

Pyloric ceca and intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Santa Catarina State, Florianópolis, Barra Norte.

Holotype

CHIOC 31910.

Remarks

Paratype deposited in the HWML collection.

Reference

Amato (1982b).

Genolopa Linton, 1910

Genolopa mugilis Knoff & Amato, 1992

Type host

Mugil liza (= M. platanus)

Infection site

Stomach and intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Sepetiba Bay, Itacuruçá.

Holotype

CHIOC 32659.

Paratype

CHIOC 32660.

Remarks

Paratype from CHIOC collected in Itaipú, Niterói (Rio de Janeiro State). Other paratypes deposited in the HWML collection.

Reference

Knoff and Amato (1992c).

Parahurleytrema Nahhas & Powell, 1965

Parahurleytrema catarinense (Amato, 1982) Nahhas & Grewal, 1997

Type host

Trachinotus carolinus (Linnaeus, 1766)

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Santa Catarina State, Florianópolis, Barra da Lagoa.

Holotype

CHIOC 31874.

Remarks

Paratype deposited in the HWML collection. Species described as Hurleytrema catarinensis by Amato (1982b).

References

Amato (1982b), Nahhas and Grewal (1997).

Opecoelidae Ozaki, 1925

Opecoeloides Odhner, 1928

Opecoeloides catarinensis Amato, 1983

Type host

Micropogonias furnieri

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Santa Catarina State, Florianópolis, Norte Bay, Sambaqui.

Holotype

CHIOC 31941 a.

Paratype

CHIOC 31941 b.

Remarks

Other paratype deposited in the HWML collection.

Reference

Amato (1983a).

Opecoeloides melanopteri Amato, 1983

Type host

Eucinostomus melanopterus (Bleeker, 1863) (Osteichthyes: Gerreidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Santa Catarina State, Florianópolis, Norte Bay, Sambaqui.

Holotype

CHIOC 31942.

Remarks

Paratype deposited in the HWML collection.

Reference

Amato (1983a).

Opecoeloides stenosomae Amato, 1983

Type host

Micropogonias furnieri

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Santa Catarina State, Florianópolis, Norte Bay, Sambaqui.

Holotype

CHIOC 31943.

Remarks

Paratype deposited in the HWML collection.

Reference

Amato (1983a).

Opisthorchiidae Looss, 1899

Amphimerus Barker, 1911

Amphimerus bragai Moraes Neto, Thatcher & Lanfredi, 1998

Type host

Nectomys squamipes

Infection site

Bile ducts.

Type locality

Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Lagoa Santa (19°38'S, 43°53'W).

Holotype and paratype

CHIOC 33645 a–b.

Remarks

Holotype and paratype in the same vial.

Reference

Moraes Neto et al. (1998).

Philophthalmidae Looss, 1899

Oswaldotrema Muniz-Pereira & Pinto, 2000

Oswaldotrema nacinovici Muniz-Pereira & Pinto, 2000

Type host

Numenius phaeopus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Aves: Scolopacidae).

Infection site

Anterior intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Rio de Janeiro, Pedra de Guaratiba, mouth of Piraque River.

Holotype

CHIOC 34195.

Remarks

No paratype deposited.

Reference

Muniz-Pereira and Pinto (2000).

Plagiorchiidae Lühe, 1901

Haplometroides Odner, 1910

Haplometroides intercaecalis Silva, Ferreira & Strüssmann, 2007

Type host

Phalotris nasutus (Gomes, 1915) (Serpentes: Colubridae).

Infection site

Esophagus, stomach, and small intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Corumbá, Nhecolândia region, Nhumirim Farm (18°59'0"S, 56°39'0"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36810.

Remarks

Paratypes deposited in CHIBB.

Reference

Silva et al. (2007).

Plagiorchis Lühe, 1899

Plagiorchis vicentei Rodrigues, 1994

Type host

Hemidactylus mabouia (Moreau de Jonnès, 1818) (Gekkota: Gekkonidae).

Infection site

Small intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Teresópolis.

Holotype

CHIOC 32847 c.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32847 a–b, d.

Reference

Rodrigues (1994).

Styphlotrematidae Baer, 1924

Styphlotrema Odhner, 1911

Styphlotrema artigasi Kohn & Fernandes, 1982

Type host

Guavina guavina (Valenciennes, 1837) (Osteichthyes: Eleotridae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Guanabara Bay.

Holotype

CHIOC 31819.

Reference

Kohn and Fernandes (1982b).

Telorchiidae Looss, 1899

Pseudotelorchis Yamaguti, 1971

Pseudotelorchis caimanis Catto & Amato, 1993

Type host

Caiman yacare (= C. crocodilus yacare)

Infection site

Oviduct, near the opening of the cloaca.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Corumbá, Nhumirim Farm (18°06'S, 56°36'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 32889 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32889 b–c.

Remarks

Other paratype deposited in the USNM collection.

Reference

Catto and Amato (1993a).

Pseudotelorchis yacarei Catto & Amato, 1993

Type host

Caiman yacare (= C. crocodilus yacare)

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Corumbá, Nhumirim Farm (18°06'S, 56°36'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 32890 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32890 b–c, 32891, 32892 a–c, 32893, 32894.

Remarks

CHIOC 32892 a–c and 32894 a–b were collected in Santana Farm (18° 06'S, 56°36'W), Corumbá. Other paratype deposited in the USNM collection.

Reference

Catto and Amato (1993b).

Zoogonidae Odhner, 1902

Porangatus Fernandes, Malta & Morais, 2013

Porangatus ceteyus Fernandes, Malta & Morais, 2013

Type host

Hoplosternum littorale

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Catalão Lake (03°09'47"S, 59°54'29"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37543 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 37543 b–v.

Reference

Fernandes et al. (2013b).

Class Cestoda Rudophi, 1819

Order Cyclophyllidea Braun, 1900

Davaineidae Braun, 1900

Raillietina (Raillietina) Fuhrmann, 1920

Raillietina (Raillietina) guaricanae César & Luz, 1993

Type host

Oryzomys ratticeps (Hensel, 1873) (Rodentia: Cricetidae).

Infection site

Small intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Enviromnetal Protection Area of Guaricana (25°40'S, 48°55'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 33043 a–c.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33043 d–f, 33044.

Reference

César and Luz (1993).

Nematotaeniidae Lühe, 1910

Lanfrediella Melo, Giese, Furtado, Soares, Gonçalves, Vallinoto & Santos, 2011

Lanfrediella amphicirrus Melo, Giese, Furtado, Soares, Gonçalves, Vallinoto & Santos, 2011

Type host

Rhinella marina (Linnaeus, 1758) (Amphibia: Bufonidae).

Infection site

Small intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Belém (01°28'03"S, 48°20'18"W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37314 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 35706, 37314 b.

Reference

Melo et al. (2011).

Order Onchoproteocephalidea Caira, Jensen, Waeschenbach, Olson & Littlewood, 2014

Oncobothriidae Braun, 1900

Acanthobothrium van Beneden, 1849

Acanthobothrium inbiorum Marques, Centritto & Stewart, 1997

Type host

Narcine entemedor Jordan & Starks, 1895 (Chondrichthyes: Narcinidae).

Infection site

Spiral valve.

Type locality

Costa Rica, Guanacaste, Gulf of Santa Helena, Cuajiniquil beach (10°57'N, 85°42'W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 33753 a–b.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in CNHE. Other paratypes deposited in CNHE and USNPC.

Reference

Marques et al. (1997a).

Acanthobothrium franus Marques, Centritto & Stewart, 1997

Type host

Narcine entemedor

Infection site

Spiral valve.

Type locality

Costa Rica, Guanacaste, Gulf of Santa Helena, Cuajiniquil beach (10°57'N, 85°42'W).

Paratypes

CHIOC 33754 a–b.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in CNHE. Other paratypes deposited in CNHE and USNPC.

Reference

Marques et al. (1997a).

Acanthobothrium minusculus Marques, Brooks & Barriga, 1997

Type host

Urobatis tumbesensis (Chirichigno & McEachran, 1979) [= Urolophus tumbesensis] (Chondrichthyes: Urotrygonidae).

Infection site

Anteriormost chamber of spiral valve.

Type locality

Ecuador, Puerto Hualtaco, El Oro (3°16'S, 80°19'W).

Paratype

CHIOC 33693.

Remarks

CHIOC number was not cited in the original description, but the slide deposited by the authors is labeled as a paratype. Holotype deposited in the MEPN collection. Other paratypes deposited in HWML and MHNG.

Reference

Marques et al. (1997b).

Proteocephalidea Mola, 1928

Remarks

Caira et al. (2014) erected Onchoproteocephalidea containing part of Tetraphyllidea and all Proteocephalidea, which is not accepted by de Chambrier et al (2015). These authors split the genera into subfamilies, without mentioning Monticelliidae and Proteocephalidae. In the present catalogue, these families are maintained, in accordance with the Global Cestode Database (2016).

Monticelliidae La Rue, 1911

Amazotaenia de Chambrier, 2001

Amazotaenia yvettae de Chambrier, 2001

Type host

Brachyplatystoma filamentosum (Lichtenstein, 1819) (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Amazonas River, Itacoatiara.

Holotype

CHIOC 34363.

Remarks

Paratypes deposited in the collections of BMNH and MHNG.

Reference

de Chambrier (2001).

Cangatiella Pavanelli & Santo, 1990

Cangatiella arandasi Pavanelli & Santos, 1990

Type host

Trachelyopterus galeatus (Linnaeus, 1766) [= Parauchenipterus galeatus] (Osteichthyes: Auchenipteridae).

Infection site

Small intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Porto Rico.

Holotype

CHIOC 32620 a.

Remarks

No paratype deposited, only vouchers.

Reference

Pavanelli and Santos (1990).

Chambriella Rego, Chubb & Pavanelli, 1999

Chambriella agostinhoi (Pavanelli & Santos, 1992) Rego, Chubb & Pavanelli, 1999

Type host

Zungaro zungaro (Humboldt, 1821) [= Paulicea luetkeni (Steindachner, 1801)] (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River.

Holotype

CHIOC 32820 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32820 b–d.

Remarks

Described as Goezeella agostinhoi by Pavanelli and Santos (1992).

References

Pavanelli and Santos (1992), Rego et al. (1999).

Chambriella paranaensis (Pavanelli & Rego, 1989) Rego, Chubb & Pavanelli, 1999

Type host

Hemisorubim platyrhynchos

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, reservoir of Itaipu, Paraná River, Porto Rico.

Holotype

CHIOC 32490.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32491 a–b.

Remarks

Species described as Goezeella paranaensis by Pavanelli and Rego (1989). Types not indicated in the original description by the authors. That information is only in the cataloguing data of CHIOC.

References

Pavanelli and Rego (1989), Rego et al. (1999).

Endorchis Woodland, 1934

Endorchis auchenipteri de Chambrier & Vaucher, 1999

Type host

Auchenipterus osteomystax (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1918) (Osteichthyes: Auchenipteridae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Paraguay, Ñeembucú Department, Paraná River, General E. Diaz.

Paratype

CHIOC 34979.

Remarks

Paratype from CHIOC donated by de Chambrier. Holotype and paratypes deposited in the MHNG collection.

Reference

de Chambrier and Vaucher (1999).

Goezeella Furhmann, 1916

Goezeella nupeliensis Pavanelli & Rego, 1991 (= Manaosia bracodemoca Woodland, 1935)

Type host

Sorubim lima (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, reservoir of Itaipu, Paraná River, Porto Rico.

Holotype

CHIOC 32562 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32562 b–c.

Remarks

de Chambrier and Vaucher (1999) synonymized Goezella nupeliensis with Paramonticellia itaipuensis. Later, de Chambrier (2003) synonymized Paramonticellia with Manaosia, and P. itaipuensis with M. bracodemoca.

References

Pavanelli and Rego (1991), de Chambrier and Vaucher (1999), de Chambrier (2003).

Jauella Rego & Pavanelli, 1985

Jauella glandicephalus Rego & Pavanelli, 1985

Type host

Zungaro zungaro (= Paulicea luetkeni)

Infection site

Anterior intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, reservoir of Itaipu.

Holotype

CHIOC 32179.

Paratype

CHIOC 32180.

Remarks

CHIOC 32180 was indicated as a paratype in the cataloguing data of CHIOC, but not in the original description. After reviewing the information and slides of J. glandicephalus, we concluded that the specimen is a paratype.

Reference

Rego and Pavanelli (1985).

Mariauxiella de Chambrier & Rego, 1995

Mariauxiella pimelodi de Chambrier & Rego, 1995

Type host

Pimelodus sp. (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso State, Cuiabá River, Barão de Melgaço.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33111 a–b, 33112.

Remarks

Holotype and other paratypes deposited in the MHNG collection.

Reference

de Chambrier and Rego (1995).

Monticellia La Rue, 1911

Monticellia belavistensis Pavanelli, Machado, Takemoto & Santos, 1994

Type host

Pterodoras granulosus (Valenciennes, 1821) (Osteichthyes: Doradidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River, Foz do Iguaçu, reservoir of Itaipu.

Holotype

CHIOC 33122 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33122 b–e.

Reference

Pavanelli et al. (1994).

Monticellia loyolai Pavanelli & Santos, 1992 (= Monticellia magna (Rego, Santos & Silva, 1974) de Chambrier & Vaucher, 1999 ?

Type host

Pimelodus maculatus Lacépède, 1803

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River.

Holotype

CHIOC 32715.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32716 a–d, 32717 a–d.

Remarks

Species synonymized with M. magna by de Chambrier and Vaucher (1999), but referred to as “M. magna ?” in the Global Cestode Database (2016). Monticellia magna was described originally as Nomimoscolex magna by Rego et al. (1974).

References

Rego et al. (1974), Pavanelli and Santos (1992), de Chambrier and Vaucher (1999), Global Cestode Database (2016).

Nomimoscolex Woodland, 1934

Nomimoscolex chubbi (Pavanelli & Takemoto, 1995) de Chambrier & Vaucher, 1997

Type host

Gymnotus carapo (Linnaeus, 1758) (Osteichthyes: Gymnotidae).

Infection site

Anterior intestine diverticles.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River, Porto Rico.

Holotype

CHIOC 33188.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33189 a–b.

Remarks

Species described as Proteocephalus chubbi by Pavanelli and Takemoto (1995).

References

Pavanelli and Takemoto (1995), de Chambrier and Vaucher (1997).

Nomimoscolex lopesi Rego, 1989

Type host

Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum (Linnaeus, 1766) (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso State, Cuiabá River.

Holotype

CHIOC 32553 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32553 b–c.

Reference

Rego (1989).

Nomimoscolex matogrossensis Rego & Pavanelli, 1990

Type host

Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch, 1794) (Osteichthyes: Erythrinidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso State, Salobra.

Holotype

CHIOC 32512.

Paratype

CHIOC 32513.

Reference

Rego and Pavanelli (1990).

Nomimoscolex pertierrae de Chambrier, Takemoto & Pavanelli, 2006

Type host

Pseudoplatystoma corruscans (Spix & Agassiz, 1829)

Infection site

Small intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Guaraná Lake (22°39'S, 53°19'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 36598.

Paratypes

CHIOC 36599, 36600 a–b, 32713, 32714.

Remarks

CHIOC 36600 a–b collected in the Paraná River (Porto Rico, Paraná State), and 32713–32714, referred to as Nomimoscolex sudobim Woodland, 1935 by Pavanelli and Rego (1992), collected in the Itaipu reservoir (Paraná State). Other paratypes deposited in the BMNH and MHNG collections.

References

Pavanelli and Rego (1992), de Chambrier et al. (2006).

Nomimoscolex suspectus Zehnder, de Chambrier, Vaucher & Mariaux, 2000

Type host

Brachyplatystoma filamentosum

Infection site

Posterior part of intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Itacoatiara.

Holotype

CHIOC 34212 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 34212 b–c.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the MHNG collection.

Reference

Zehnder et al. (2000).

Nupelia Pavanelli & Rego, 1991

Nupelia portoriquensis Pavanelli & Rego, 1991

Type host

Sorubim lima

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, reservoir of Itaipu, Paraná River, Porto Rico.

Holotype

CHIOC 32558 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32558 b–d, 32559 a–b.

Remarks

The slides CHIOC 32558 b–d and 32559 a–b are labeled as paratypes, but the authors did not refer to them in the original description.

Reference

Pavanelli and Rego (1991).

Paramonticellia Pavanelli & Rego, 1991 (= Manaosia Woodland, 1935)

Paramonticellia itaipuensis Pavanelli & Rego, 1991 (= Manaosia bracodemoca Woodland, 1935)

Type host

Sorubim lima

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, reservoir of Itaipu, Paraná River, Porto Rico.

Holotype

CHIOC 32560 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32560 b–e.

Remarks

CHIOC 32560 d–e are labeled as paratypes, but they were not referred to in the original description. de Chambrier and Vaucher (1999) synonymized Goezella nupeliensis with P. itaipuensis. Later, de Chambrier (2003) synonymized Paramonticellia with Manaosia, and P. itaipuensis with M. bracodemoca.

References

Pavanelli and Rego (1991), de Chambrier and Vaucher (1999), de Chambrier (2003).

Pseudocrepidobothrium Rego & Ivanov, 2001

Pseudocrepidobothrium eirasi (Rego & de Chambrier, 1995) Rego & Ivanov, 2001

Type host

Phractocephalus hemioliopterus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Amazonas River, Itacoatiara.

Paratype

CHIOC 33128.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in the MHNG collection. Other paratypes deposited in the BMNH and MHNG. Species described as Crepidobothrium eirasi by Rego and de Chambier (1995).

References

Rego and de Chambier (1995), Rego and Ivanov (2001).

Spassklyellina Freze, 1965

Spassklyellina mandi Pavanelli & Takemoto, 1996

Type host

Pimelodus ornatus Kner, 1858

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River, Porto Rico.

Holotype

CHIOC 33679 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33679 b–d

Reference

Pavanelli and Takemoto (1996).

Spatulifer Woodland, 1934

Spatulifer maringaensis Pavanelli & Rego, 1989

Type host

Hemisorubim platyrhynchos

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, reservoir of Itaipu, Paraná River, Porto Rico.

Holotype

CHIOC 32487.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32488 a–c.

Remarks

Types not indicated in the original description by the authors. That information is in the cataloguing data of CHIOC.

Reference

Pavanelli and Rego (1989).

Vaucheriella de Chambrier, 1987

Vaucheriella bicheti de Chambrier, 1987

Type host

Tropidophis cf. taczanowskyi (Steindachner, 1880) (Serpentes: Tropidophiidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Ecuador, Zamora-Chinchipe.

Paratype

CHIOC 33025.

Remarks

Holotype and paratypes deposited in the MHNG collection. Paratype from CHIOC donated by de Chambrier. Other paratypes deposited in BMNH and MNHN.

Reference

de Chambrier (1987).

Proteocephalidae La Rue, 1911

Euzetiella de Chambrier, Rego & Vaucher, 1999

Euzetiella tetraphylliformis de Chambrier, Rego & Vaucher, 1999

Type host

Zungaro zungaro (= Paulicea luetkeni)

Infection site

Anterior intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Itacoatiara.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33940 b–c.

Remarks

Holotype and other paratypes deposited in the MHNG collection.

Reference

de Chambrier et al. (1999).

Frezeella Alves, de Chambrier, Scholz & Luque, 2015

Frezeella vaucheri Alves, de Chambrier, Scholz & Luque, 2015

Type host

Tocantinsia piresi (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1920) (Osteichthyes: Auchenipteridae).

Infection site

Anterior intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Pará State, Altamira, Xingú River (3°12'S, 52°12'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 37978 a–h (complete specimen and cross sections on eight slides).

Paratypes

CHIOC 37979 a–d, 37980 a–d.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the IPCAS and MHNG collections.

Reference

Alves et al. (2015).

Megathylacus Woodland, 1934

Megathylacus brooksi Rego & Pavanelli, 1985

Type host

Zungaro zungaro (= Paulicea luetkeni)

Infection site

Anterior intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, reservoir of Itaipu.

Holotype

CHIOC 32184.

Paratype

CHIOC 32183.

Remarks

CHIOC 32183 was indicated as a paratype in the cataloguing data of CHIOC, but not in the original description. After reviewing the information and slides of M. brooksi, we concluded that the specimen is a paratype. Collection numbers are referred to as “29183” and “29184” in the original description due to a mistake. Megathylacus brooksi is considered conspecific with M. jandia Woodland, 1934 by de Chambrier et al. (2014), but is considered a valid name in the Global Cestode Database (2016).

References

Rego and Pavanelli (1985), de Chambrier et al. (2014), Global Cestode Database (2016).

Megathylacus travassosi Pavanelli & Rego, 1992

Type host

Pseudoplatystoma corruscans

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River.

Holotype

CHIOC 32710.

Remarks

No paratypes deposited, only vouchers.

Reference

Pavanelli and Rego (1992).

Proteocephalus Weinland, 1858

Proteocephalus gibsoni Rego & Pavanelli, 1991

Type host

Astronotus ocellatus (Agassiz, 1831) (Osteichthyes: Cichlidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Manaus, Amazonas River.

Holotype

CHIOC 32508.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32509 a–b.

Remarks

Paratypes collected in Maicurú (Pará State) from Astronotus sp. Species referred to as P. ocellatus by Rego and Pavanelli (1990) and renamed by Rego and Pavanelli (1991) because the original name had already been used.

References

Rego and Pavanelli (1990), Rego and Pavanelli (1991).

Proteocephalus hemioliopteri (Rego, 1984) de Chambrier & Vaucher, 1997

Type host

Phractocephalus hemioliopterus (= Phractocephalus hemiliopterus)

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Amazonas River.

Syntypes

CHIOC 32088 a–b, d–e, g.

Remarks

Species referred to as Myzophorus woodlandi by Rego (1984) and Nomimoscolex woodlandi by Rego and Pavanelli (1992). de Chambrier and Vaucher (1997) proposed a new name, Proteocephalus hemioliopteri, for N. woodlandi to avoid homonymy with P. woodlandi Moghe, 1926. Rego (1984) did not designate holotype and paratypes or labeled the slides as type material. Among the syntypes referred to as “32088 a–g” in the original description, the specimens “c” and “f” were analyzed, separated and reallocated by de Chambrier in CHIOC, because they belong to another genus.

References

Rego (1984), Rego and Pavanelli (1992), de Chambrier and Vaucher (1997).

Proteocephalus hobergi de Chambrier & Vaucher, 1999

Type host

Oxydoras kneri Bleeker, 1862 (Osteichthyes: Doradidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Paraguay, Ñeembucú Department, 5 km Northwest of Pilar.

Paratype

CHIOC 34978.

Remarks

Paratype from CHIOC donated by de Chambrier. It was collected in the Paraguay River, San Antonio, Central Department (Paraguay). Holotype and paratypes deposited in the MHNG collection.

Reference

de Chambrier and Vaucher (1999).

Proteocephalus joanae de Chambrier & Paulino, 1997

Type host

Xenodon neuwiedii Günther, 1863 [= Xenodon neuwiedi] (Serpentes: Colubridae).

Infection site

Anterior part of intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, São Paulo State, Pariquera-açu.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33537, 33745 a–c.

Remarks

Paratypes from CHIOC collected in Mogi das Cruzes (São Paulo State). Holotype deposited in the MHNG collection. Other paratypes deposited in BMNH, IPCAS and MHNG.

Reference

de Chambrier and Paulino (1997).

Proteocephalus renaudi de Chambrier & Vaucher, 1994

Type host

Platydoras costatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Osteichthyes: Doradidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Paraguay, Ñeembucú Department, General E. Diaz.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32888, 34958.

Remarks

Holotype deposited in the MHNG collection. Other paratypes deposited in BMNH and MHNG.

Reference

de Chambrier and Vaucher (1994).

Proteocephalus serrasalmus Rego & Pavanelli, 1990

Type host

Serrasalmus spilopleura Kner, 1858 (Osteichthyes: Serrasalmidae).

Infection site

Intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River.

Holotype

CHIOC 32505.

Paratype

CHIOC 32506.

Reference

Rego and Pavanelli (1990).

Proteocephalus sophiae de Chambrier & Rego, 1994

Type host

Zungaro zungaro (= Paulicea luetkeni)

Infection site

Anterior intestine diverticles.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Amazonas River, Itacoatiara.

Paratype

CHIOC 33114.

Remarks

Holotype and other paratypes deposited in the MHNG collection.

Reference

de Chambrier and Rego (1994).

Proteocephalus vazzolerae Pavanelli & Takemoto, 1995

Type host

Piaractus mesopotamicus (Holmberg, 1887) (Osteichthyes: Serrasalmidae).

Infection site

Anterior intestine diverticles.

Type locality

Brazil, Paraná State, Paraná River, Porto Rico.

Holotype

CHIOC 33187 a.

Paratype

CHIOC 33187 b.

Reference

Pavanelli and Takemoto (1995).

Travassiella Rego & Pavanelli, 1987

Travassiella avitellina Rego & Pavanelli, 1987

Type host

Zungaro zungaro (= Paulicea luetkeni)

Infection site

Median intestine.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso State, Salobra.

Holotype

CHIOC 32259.

Remarks

Species synonymized with Proteocephalus jandia Woodland, 1934, which was transferred to Travassiella Rego & Pavanelli, 1987 as Travassiella jandia (Woodland, 1934) n. comb. by de Chambrier et al. (2014). However, T. avitellina is accepted in the Global Cestode Database (2016).

References

Rego and Pavanelli (1987), de Chambrier et al. (2014), Global Cestode Database (2016).

Order Rhinebothriidea Healy, Caira, Jensen, Webster & Littlewood, 2009

Anthocephaliidae Ruhkne, Caira & Cox, 2015

Anindobothrium Marques, Brooks & Lasso, 2001

Anindobothrium lisae Marques, Brooks & Lasso, 2001

Type host

Potamotrygon orbignyi (Castelnau, 1855) (Chondricthyes: Potamotrygonidae).

Infection site

Spiral valve.

Type locality

Brazil, Amazonas State, Rio Negro near Barcelos (00°59'S, 62°58'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 34375.

Remarks

Paratypes deposited in HWML, INPA and USNPC.

Reference

Marques et al. (2001).

Rhinebothriidae Euzet, 1953

Rhinebothroides Mayes, Brooks & Thorson, 1981

Rhinebothroides mclennanae Brooks & Amato, 1992 (= R. glandularis Brooks, Mayes & Thorson, 1981)

Type host

Potamotrygon motoro (Müller & Henle, 1841)

Infection site

Middle third of spiral valve.

Type locality

Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Corumbá.

Holotype

CHIOC 32814 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32814 b–f.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the HWML collection. Species synonymized with R. glandularis by Marques and Brooks (2003).

References

Brooks and Amato (1992), Marques and Brooks (2003).

Order Trypanorhyncha Diesing, 1863

Eutetrarhynchidae Guiart, 1927

Dollfusiella Campbell & Beverige, 1994

Dollfusiella vooremi (São Clemente & Gomes, 1989) Beveridge, Neifar & Euzet, 2004

Type host

Mustelus canis (Mitchill, 1815) (Chondrichthyes: Triakidae).

Infection site

Spiral valve.

Type locality

Brazil, off Rio Grande do Sul State (33°40'S, 50°40'W).

Holotype

CHIOC 32566 e.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32566 a–d.

Remarks

CHIOC 32566 c collected from Mustelus schmitti Springer, 1939. Species originally described as Eutetrarhynchus vooremi by São Clemente and Gomes (1989).

References

São Clemente and Gomes (1989), Beveridge et al. (2004).

Lacistorhynchidae Guiart, 1927

Grillotia (Christianella) Guiart, 1931

Grillotia (Christianella) carvajalregorum (Carvajal & Rego, 1983) Menoret & Ivanov, 2009

Type host

Cynoscion striatus (Cuvier, 1829) (Osteichthyes: Sciaenidae).

Infection site

Visceral cavity.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Rio de Janeiro, Fish market.

Holotype

CHIOC 32018 a.

Paratypes

CHIOC 32018 b–d.

Remarks

Other paratypes deposited in the collection of the Department of Zoology, University of Concepción, Chile. Species originally described as Progrillotia dollfusi by Carvajal and Rego (1983).

References

Carvajal and Rego (1983), Menoret and Ivanov (2009).

Tentaculariidae Poche, 1926

Heteronybelinia Palm, 1999

Heteronybelinia annakohnae Pereira Jr. & Boeger, 2005

Type host

Ctenosciaena gracilicirrhus (Metzellar, 1919) (Osteichthyes: Sciaenidae).

Infection site

Coelomic cavity.

Type locality

Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul State, Rio Grande.

Holotype

CHIOC 33790.

Paratypes

CHIOC 33791, 33792, 33793, 33794.

Remarks

Paratypes collected from other sciaenid fish: CHIOC 33791 from Micropogonias furnieri; 33792 and 33793 from Cynoscion guatucupa (Cuvier, 1830); 33794 from Cynoscion jamaicensis (Vaillant & Bocourt, 1883); and 33795 from Menticirrhus americanus (Linnaeus, 1758). Other paratypes deposited in USNPC.

Reference

Pereira Jr. and Boeger (2005).

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to David Elliff of GAAM (Grupo Avançado de Assessoria Médica Ltda.) for reviewing the English of this manuscript. We thank Juliane Nunes Bernardo, Magda Sanches, Marianna Silva Costa and Tainah Domingos Soares for technical support. Claudia Leal Rodrigues and Felipe Ferraz Figueiredo Moreira of Instituto Oswaldo Cruz/ FIOCRUZ are thanked for their suggestions of Hemiptera references. AM is grateful to BNDES (Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social), Project No: VPPLR-001-FIO-14-2-1-36, and FIOTEC (Fundação para o Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico em Saúde) for the technological research development fellowship.

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