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Research Article
Qingryllus jiguanshanensis sp. n. from Sichuan, China, the second species of Qingryllus (Orthoptera, Gryllidae)
expand article infoHaoyu Liu, Dongxiao Zhang, Fuming Shi
‡ College of Life Sciences, Hebei University, Baoding, China
Open Access

Abstract

A second species of Qingryllus Chen & Zheng is described and illustrated, Q. jiguanshanensis sp. n., from Sichuan, China. This new species is similar to Q. striofemorus Chen & Zheng, 1995, but differs from the latter by the posterior margin of pronotum being distinctly widened, the veins of tegmina yellowish-white only on lateral side of dorsal area, and the epiphallus distinctly widened posteriorly. A distribution map of the species of this genus and habitus photographs of the new species are presented.

Keywords

Gryllinae, Qingryllus, taxonomy

Introduction

The genus Qingryllus was established by Chen and Zheng (1995) for Q. striofemorus Chen & Zheng, 1995, based on female specimens. Li and Zheng (2001) described the male characters of Q. striofemorus, with limited distribution in Ningshan (China: Shaanxi), this genus remains monotypic until the present time (Eades et al. 2016).

In our recent study on Gryllinae from Sichuan, China, a new species of Qingryllus was discovered and it is described here under the name of Q. jiguanshanensis sp. n. There are two species of Qingryllus, both occurring in China (Figure 1).

Figure 1.

Distribution map of the genus Qingryllus Chen & Zheng.

The genus Qingryllus differs from most groups of Gryllinae by the fore tibia without tympanum and tegminal venation similar in both sexes. In Gryllinae, the genus Qingryllus has the greatest similarity to Goniogryllus Chopard, 1936, but differs from the latter by the tegmina, developed hind wings, and hind tibiae with four pairs of dorsal spines on both sides. Goniogryllus is generally without wings or with very short tegmina, and the hind tibiae usually has three dorsal spines (Chen and Zheng 1995). Meanwhile, the two genera have different microhabitat preferences, with Qingryllus living in trees and shrubs and Goniogryllus living in the litter layer.

Materials and methods

Specimens examined were collected using sweeping method in trees and shrubs. The type specimens of the new species have been deposited in the Museum, Hebei University, Baoding, China (MHBU).

The male genitalia were dissected and cleared in 10% KOH solution. All morphological structures were photographed using a Leica M205A microscope. Images of multiple layers were stacked using Combine ZM. The distribution map was constructed using the software package ArcGIS 10.2 (ESRI, Redlands, CA, USA), based on localities of the specimens examined for this study and those mentioned in literature (Chen and Zheng 1995; Li and Zheng 2001).

Taxonomy

Qingryllus jiguanshanensis sp. n.

Figures 2, 3, 4

Type material

Holotype ♂: CHINA: Sichuan, Chongzhou, Jiguanshan, Shaoyaogou, 29.V.2016, leg. Fuming Shi. Paratypes: 1♂, 1♀: same data as the holotype.

Description

Male: Body medium, slightly small (Figure 2A). Head globular, smooth, with few pubescence. Frontal rostrum slightly obvious, dorsal surface flat, 1.8 times as wide as the scapus; eyes slightly protruding, rounded, located in latero-anterior sides of head; ocelli slightly rounded, median ocellus very small, lateral ocelli distinctly large; third joint of maxillary palpus distinctly long, 1.7 times as long as 4th joint, slightly shorter than 5th joint, 5th joint widened apically, apical margin transversal and arc-shaped; last joint of labial palpus slightly longer than 2th joint, slightly widened at apex, apical margin obtuse. Pronotum transverse, anterior margin slightly concave, nearly as wide as the head, distinctly widened posteriorly, posterior margin nearly straight, 1.3 times as wide as the anterior margin, 2.1 times wider than the length of pronotum; centre of pronotal disc with inconspicuous longitudinal furrow, the lateral sides with crescent impressions, lateral margins angularly rounded bent into paranota; lateral lobes distinctly smooth, without tomenta, anterior lower angles right angled, terminal obtuse, distinctly rising backwards, posterior lower angles wide, rounded. Tegmina slightly overlapping abdominal apex, with several irregular longitudinal veins and numerous transverse veins, forming irregular reticulum. Hind wings distinctly overlapping tegmina. Fore legs smooth, with no tympanum and no impressions on tibiae. Hind tibiae with four pairs of dorsal spines and three pairs of apical spurs on both sides, of which inner, upper and medial apical spurs are equal in length and distinctly longer than lower apical spurs; outer, upper and lower apical spurs slightly shorter than middle ones, nearly equal in length. Dorsal area of first tarsi with 5–8 outer and 4–5 inner spinules.

Figure 2.

Habitus of Qingryllus jiguanshanensis sp. n., dorsal view. A male B female.

Supra anal plate (Figure 3D) semicircular, posterior margin broad, round. Subgenital plate rather long, narrowed posteriorly, coniform. Genitalia (Figure 3A–C). Epiphallus slightly longitudinal, anterior margin distinctly concave in middle; middle part of epiphallus narrowest, and distinctly widened anteriorly and posteriorly; apical part of epiphallus with two divided lobes, posterior margin slightly concave bearing setae. Ectoparamers semimembranous and long finger-like, not overlapping posterior margin of epiphallus; medial lobes short and slightly divided at apex. Endoparamers narrowed, reaching middle part of epiphallus. Apodeme distinctly developed and bend upward at apex.

Figure 3.

Qingryllus jiguanshanensis sp. n. Male. A–C genitalia (A dorsal view B ventral view C lateral view) D supra anal plate, dorsal view.

Female (Figure 2B): Body very similar to that of male. Subgenital plate (Figure 4A) wide and short, narrowed posteriorly, posterior margin nearly straight. Ovipositor (Figure 4B) long and straight, near the end not swollen, apex acute.

Figure 4.

Qingryllus jiguanshanensis sp. n. Female. A Subgenital plate, ventral view B Ovipositor, lateral view.

Colouration. Body black brown to black. Part of 4thand 5th joint of maxillary palpus, superior border of eyes, vein of tegmina on lateral sides and lower sides of hind femur yellowish-white.

Measurements

(mm). Male: body 11.2–12.2, length with wings 17.0–17.5, pronotum 1.9–2.0, tegmen 9.5–9.6, hind femur 7.0–7.5; Female: body 11.0, length with wings 16.0, pronotum 2.0, tegmen 9.5, hind femur 7.0, ovipositor 9.5.

Diagnosis

This new species is similar to the type species, but differs from the latter by the posterior margin of pronotum being distinctly widened; veins of tegmina yellowish-white only on lateral side of dorsal area (between dorsal and lateral area of tegmina); epiphallus distinctly widened posteriorly. In the type species, the posterior margin of pronotum being slightly widened; basal part of dorsal area of tegmina also yellowish-white; epiphallus distinctly narrowed at apex.

Distribution

China (Sichuan).

Etymology

The specific name is derived from its type locality, Jiguanshan (China: Sichuan).

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31201731), Conservation International (Insect Resource Survey in Anzihe Protected Area) and the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province (No. C2014201043).

References

  • Chen J, Zheng ZM (1995) One new genus and two species of Gryllidae from China (Orthoptera: Grylloidea). Journal of Shaanxi Normal University (Natural Science Edition) 23(2): 72–76. [In Chinese with English Summary]
  • Li K, Zheng ZM (2001) The descriptions of the males of Goniogryllus ovalatus and Qingryllus striofemorus (Orthoptera: Grylloidea). Entomotaxonomia 23(3): 165–168. [In Chinese with English Summary]