Research Article
Print
Research Article
Taxonomic notes on the genus Bellenden Chandler (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Pselaphinae)
expand article infoZi-Wei Yin, Ri-Xin Jiang
‡ Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai, China
Open Access

Abstract

The monotypic genus Buobellenden Yin & Nomura, 2009 is placed as a junior synonym of Bellenden Chandler, 2001. This act results in Bellenden jingyuanensis (Yin & Nomura), comb. n. (from Buobellenden). A new species, Bellenden siguniang Yin & Jang, sp. n., collected from the alpine area in Sichuan, SW China, is described, illustrated, and distinguished from all congeners. A new illustration of the aedeagus of B. jingyuanensis is given.

Keywords

Pselaphini, new synonym, new combination, new species, China, Sichuan

Introduction

The genus Bellenden Chandler of the pselaphine tribe Pselaphini contains four species with a highly disjunct distribution: B. monteithi Chandler (type species) occurs in Queensland, NE Australia, while B. belousovi Kurbatov, B. botellarius Kurbatov, and B. nubigena Kurbatov are distributed in alpine regions in SW and NW China (Chandler 2001; Kurbatov 2006). Within Pselaphini, Bellenden shares with many genera the elongate maxillary palpomeres II and IV, but its palpomere IV is broadening throughout the entire length, rather than lengthily pedunculate or distinctly narrowed at the base. In Yin et al. (2009), a new genus Buobellenden Yin & Nomura was established from a single species collected in Ningxia, NW China, and was separated from Bellenden solely based on the aedeagal structures. Otherwise these two genera are morphologically similar. In this paper Buobellenden is placed as a junior synonym of Bellenden, and a new species of the genus is described from Sichuan, SW China.

Material and methods

The type material of the new species is housed in the Insect Collection of Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai, China (SNUC).

The collecting data of the material are quoted verbatim. The Chinese translation of each locality is included in parentheses at the first appearance in the text. Each type specimen bears the following label: ‘HOLOTYPE (red) (or PARATYPE (yellow)), ♂ (or ♀), Bellenden siguniang sp. n., det. Yin & Jiang, 2016, SNUC’.

Taxonomy

Bellenden Chandler, 2001

Bellenden Chandler, 2001: 504; Kurbatov 2006: 361 (revision).

Type species. Bellenden monteithi Chandler.

Buobellenden Yin & Nomura, 2009 (in: Yin et al. 2009: 65); syn. n.

Type species. Buobellenden jingyuanensis Yin & Nomura.

Comments

Buobellenden was described from a single male collected from the northwestern Chinese province of Ningxia (Yin et al. 2009). The authors compared the type species B. jingyuanensis with the Australian B. monteithi, and separated these two genera based on the aedeagal characters. However, the earlier published revision of Bellenden by Kurbatov (2006) was not cited, in which three new Bellenden species were described from the alpine regions in central China. Kurbatov in his work specifically discussed the morphological differences between the Bellenden species from China and Australia, and concluded that creation of a new generic taxon for the Chinese Bellenden species is unjustified. After a re-examination of the type material of Buobellenden, we agree with Kurbatov’s opinion, and here place Buobellenden as a junior synonym of Bellenden.

Bellenden jingyuanensis (Yin & Nomura), comb. n.

Fig. 1D

Buobellenden jingyuanensis Yin & Nomura, 2009 (in: Yin et al. 2009: 66).

Type locality

Dongshanpo, Liupanshan National Nature Reserve, Jingyuan County, northwestern China.

Type material examined

Holotype ♂, labeled ‘China: Ningxia A. R., Jingyuan Coun. (泾源县), (Liupanshan National Nature Reserve (六盘山自然保护区)), Dongshanpo (东山坡), alt. 2,200 m, 23.vi.2008, (Berlese Funnels), Yun Bu leg.’ (SNUC).

Comments

This species can be separated from all congeners by the following combination of characters: 1) relative small body size (1.89 mm), 2) lateral margins of the frontal rostrum narrowing anteriorly, and roundly dilating laterally at the antennal bases, 3) unmodified protrochanter and metaventrite, and 4) unique structures of the aedeagal endophallus (Fig. 1D).

Figure 1.

Bellenden siguniang (A–C) and B. jingyuanensis (D). A male habitus B head and right maxillary palpus (yellow arrows indicate anterolateral margin of the frontal rostrum; red arrows indicate segmentation of the maxillary palpus) C–D aedeagus, in dorsal view. Abbreviation: mp1–4 = maxillary palpomeres I–IV. Scales bars A 0.5 mm; B 0.3 mm; C–D 0.2 mm.

Bellenden siguniang Yin & Jiang, sp. n.

Fig. 1A–C

Type material

(1 ♂, 5 ♀♀). Holotype: CHINA: ♂, labeled ‘China: Sichuan, Xiaojin County (小金县), Siguniang Shan (四姑娘山), Haizigou (海子沟), 30°59'57"N, 102°50'51"E, leaf litter, sifted, 3,340 m, 17.vii.2015, J(iang), P(eng), T(u), Z(hou) leg.’ (SNUC). Paratypes: CHINA: 5 ♀♀, same collecting data as the holotype (SNUC).

Diagnosis

Lateral margins of frontal rostrum before eyes sloping anteriorly, roundly dilating laterally at level of antennal bases; maxillary palpomere I only slightly shorter than II; male lacking ventral protuberance at ventral margin of the protrochanter, metaventrite unmodified; impressed area of sternite IV longer than wide and almost reaching posterior margin of the segment.

Description

Male (Fig. 1A), length 2.35 mm (combined length of head, pronotum, elytra and abdomen), body uniformly reddish-brown, pubescence recumbent and sparse. Head longer than wide, length from anterior clypeal margin to occipital constriction 0.47 mm, width across eyes 0.27 mm (Fig. 1B), frontal rostrum conspicuously narrowing anteriorly in front of anterior margin of eyes and dilating at level of antennal bases (Fig. 1B); anterior margin of frons with small triangular projection at middle, frontal sulcus without dense apical pubescence, narrow and deep anteriorly and somewhat dilating and gradually disappearing posteriorly; each eye with nine small facets; maxillary palpus (Fig. 1C) elongate, palpomere II longer than palpomere I; length of palpomere 1.05 mm, palpomere I 0.2 mm, II 0.27 mm, III 0.07 mm, IV 0.51 mm. Length of antenna 1.3 mm; antennomere I subcylindrical, more than three times as long as wide, slightly wider than antennomere II; antennomere II about 1.5 times as long as wide; antennomeres III–VIII of subequal width, slightly narrower than antennomere II, antennomeres III–VII approximately twice as long as wide, antennomere VIII slightly shorter, and antennomere IX considerably wider than preceding segments, approximately as wide as antennomere II, but much longer, approximately twice as long as wide; antennomere X somewhat slightly wider than antennomere IX, antennomere XI shorter than antennomeres IX and X together, but considerably wider than them, widest slightly before middle. Pronotum widest near middle, length along midline 0.48 mm, maximum width 0.38 mm; antebasal fovea small, puncture-like, lateral foveae larger. Elytra wider than long, length along suture 0.58 mm, maximum width 0.78 mm, covered with relatively dense long hairs along posterior margin; sutural and discal striae narrowed at base; sutural stria conspicuously deeper at base than discal stria; discal stria extending posteriorly to 3/4 elytral length. First tergite largest, widest near middle. Length of dorsally visible part of abdomen (posterior to elytra) along midline 0.82 mm, maximum width 0.92 mm; sternite IV (second visible sternite) slightly impressed medially. Aedeagus (Fig. 1C) slightly asymmetric dorso-ventrally, length 0.48 mm.

Female, similar to male in general appearance; each eye composed of nine small facets. Measurements of body parts: body length 2.24 mm, length of head 0.44–0.46 mm, width of head 0.27–0.29 mm, length of antenna 1.19–1.20 mm, length of pronotum 0.43–0.44 mm, width of pronotum 0.38 mm, length of elytra 0.59–0.61 mm, width of elytra 0.77–0.80 mm, length of abdomen 0.75–0.76 mm, width of abdomen 0.87 mm.

Comparative notes

Bellenden siguniang is similar to B. botellarius and B. jingyuanensis by sharing unmodified male protrochanter and metaventrite. The new species can be separated from B. botellarius by the lateral margins of the frontal rostrum before eyes gradually sloping anteriorly and then roundly dilating at antennal bases, and from B. jingyuanensis by the much large body size. The lateral margins of the frontal rostrum in Bellenden botellarius are parallel-sided and barely dilated at antennal bases, and the body length of B. jingyuanensis measures only 1.89 mm. Bellenden jingyuanensis similarly has the lateral margins of the frontal rostrum narrowing anteriorly, when combined with the structures of the aedeagal endophallus, it can be readily distinguished from B. botellarius. The other three species, B. monteithi, B. belousovi and B. nubigena, all have spinose/protuberant protrochanter in the male, thus are easily separable from B. siguniang. Moreover, the aedeagal endophallus of B. siguniang has a pointed and curved apex, which alone can be used to discriminate the new species from all other congeners.

Distribution

Southwestern China: Sichuan.

Etymology

The specific epithet is taken from the type locality of the new species, i.e., Siguniang Mountain.

Acknowledgments

We thank Sergey Kurbatov (Moscow, Russia), Peter Hlaváč (Prague, Czech Republic), and an anonymous reviewer for critically reading the manuscript. The present study was supported by grants of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31501874), and the Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality (No. 15YF1408700).

References

  • Chandler S (2001) Biology, morphology and systematics of the ant-like litter beetles of Australia (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Pselaphinae). Memoirs on Entomology, International 15: 1–560.
  • Kurbatov SA (2006) Revision of the genus Bellenden Chandler (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Pselaphinae). Russian Entomological Journal 15: 361–366.
  • Yin ZW, Nomura S, Zhao MJ (2009) Buobellenden jingyuanensis gen. et sp. nov. of the subfamily Pselaphinae (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) from Northwestern China. Zootaxa 2083: 65–68.