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Research Article
New World species of the genus Calliscelio Ashmead (Hymenoptera, Platygastridae, Scelioninae)
expand article infoHua-yan Chen, Lubomír Masner§, Norman F. Johnson
‡ The Ohio State University, Columbus, United States of America
§ Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Canada
Open Access

Abstract

The genus Calliscelio Ashmead is presumed to be a diverse group of parasitoids of the eggs of crickets (Orthoptera: Gryllidae). A least one species has been found to be an important factor in depressing cricket pest populations. The New World species of Calliscelio are revised. Forty-two species are recognized, 3 are redescribed: C. bisulcatus (Kieffer), C. laticinctus Ashmead, C. rubriclavus (Ashmead), comb. n.; and 38 are described as new: C. absconditum Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. absum Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. alcoa Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. amadoi Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. armila Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. bidens Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. brachys Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. brevinotaulus Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. brevitas Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. carinigena Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. crater Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. crena Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. eboris Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. extenuatus Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. flavicauda Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. foveolatus Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. gatineau Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. glaber Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. granulatus Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. latifrons Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. levis Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. longius Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. magnificus Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. migma Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. minutia Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. paraglaber Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. pararemigio Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. prolixus Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. punctatifrons Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. remigio Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. ruga Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. rugicoxa Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. sfina Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. storea Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. suni Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. telum Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. torqueo Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. virga Chen & Johnson, sp. n. Four species are treated as junior synonyms of Calliscelio rubriclavus (Ashmead): Anteris nigriceps Ashmead, syn. n., Caloteleia marlattii Ashmead, syn. n., Caloteleia grenadensis Ashmead, syn. n., and Macroteleia ruskini Girault, syn. n.

Keywords

Egg parasitoid, key, revision, Gryllidae

Introduction

The genus Calliscelio Ashmead was first erected for a single species, C. laticinctus Ashmead, from the Lesser Antilles (Ashmead 1893). For nearly 80 years it was considered to be a valid genus although it remained narrowly defined. Kieffer (1926), for example, included only two species in his monograph on world Scelionidae (= Platygastridae sensu Sharkey 2007). Masner (1972) treated Calliscelio as a junior synonym of Calotelea Westwood. Shortly thereafter, though, Masner (1976) rejected this hypothesis, treated Calliscelio as valid, and also significantly expanded the extent of the genus. Kieffer had described seven other genera over the years, all of which Masner (1976) treated as junior synonyms of Calliscelio (see generic synonymy below). Recently, in a survey of external morphology across the superfamily Platygastroidea, Talamas et al. (2016) found that the prioniform sensillum on the mandible is synapomorphy for the genus Calliscelio and treated Crama Galloway, Lispoteleia Galloway, Xentor Masner and Johnson, and Yunkara Galloway as junior synonyms of Calliscelio.

The current concept of Calliscelio is a relatively large genus in the subfamily Scelioninae, comprising 77 known species (including 3 fossil species; Johnson 2016). It is a worldwide genus, with species found in all six major biogeographic regions. Interestingly, at least two species, i.e., C. rubriclavus (Ashmead) and C. elegans (Perkins), have extraordinarily broad geographic distributions possibly due to increased globalization of human commerce (Masner et al. 2009). This phenomenon leads to the question: from which part of the world did these species originate? Also, although Calliscelio was originally erected based on species in the New World, only 6 species were reported from this region to date, suggesting that more species remain to be discovered. Thus, a comprehensive revision of species of Calliscelio based on extensive sampling from the New World is needed to provide a more accurate understanding of the diversity and interrelationships among species in the genus.

Even though Calliscelio is a diverse, common, and widespread genus, the available biological data are extremely scanty. The only host record is for C. teleogrylli Hill, which was reported to attack the eggs of Teleogryllus commodus (Walker) (Orthoptera: Gryllidae), a widespread pest in pastures in the Pacific region (Hill 1983). By comparison with C. teleogrylli, Masner et al. (2009) suggested that C. elegans may attack the eggs of one or more species of Gryllidae associated with sugar cane.

The goal of this work is to reevaluate the known species of Calliscelio from the New World, expand the biogeographic data associated with these species, and to describe new species. The contributions of the authors are as follows. H-y Chen and N.F. Johnson: character definition, generic concept development, species concept development, imaging, key development, manuscript preparation; L. Masner: character definition, generic concept development, species concept development. The authors of the new species are indicated in the heading of each description.

Materials and methods

This work is based upon specimens in the following collections, with abbreviations used in the text: AMNH, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY; ANIC, Australian National Insect Collection, Canberra, Australia; BMNH, The Natural History Museum, London, UK; BPBM, Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, HI; CAS, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA; CMNH, Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh, PA; CNCI, Canadian National Collection of Insects, Ottawa, Canada; FSCA, Florida State Collection of Arthropods, Gainesville, FL; IAVH, Instituto Alexander von Humboldt, Villa de Leyva, Columbia; MNHNPY, Museo Nacional de Historia Natural del Paraguay, San Lorenzo; INHS, Illinois Natural History Survey, Urbana, IL; MAIC, M.A. Ivie Private Collection, Bozeman, MT; MEMU, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS; MHNG, Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Geneva, Switzerland; MNHN, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France; MPEG, Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Belém, PA, Brazil; MZLU, Lund Museum of Zoology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden; MZSP, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo Sao, Brazil; NMNH, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC; OSUC, C.A. Triplehorn Insect Collection, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH; UCDC, R.M. Bohart Museum of Entomology, University of California, Davis, CA; UCFC, The Stuart M. Fullerton Collection of Arthropods at the University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL; UCMC, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO; UCRC, University of California, Riverside, CA; USNM, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC.

Abbreviations and morphological terms used in text: A1, A2...A12: antennomere 1, 2…12; claval formula: distribution of the large, multiporous basiconic sensilla on the underside of apical antennomeres of the female, with the segment interval specified followed by the number of sensilla per segment (Bin 1981); EH: eye height, length of compound eye measured parallel to dorsoventral midline of head; IOS: interocular space, minimal distance on frons between compound eyes; OD: ocellar diameter, greatest width of ocellus; OOL: ocular ocellar line, shortest distance from inner orbit and outer margin of posterior ocellus (Masner 1980); T1, T2, ... T7: metasomal tergite 1, 2, ... 7; S1, S2, … S7: metasomal sternite 1, 2, … 7. Morphological terminology otherwise generally follows Masner (1980) and Mikó et al. (2007).

Morphological terms used in this work are as in the Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology (Yoder et al. 2010) (Appendix 1). Identifiers (URIs) in the format HAO_XXXXXXX represent concepts in the HAO and are provided to enable readers to confirm their understanding of the concepts being referenced. To find out more about a given concept, including additional images, notes, references and other metadata, use the identifier as a search term at http://glossary.hymao.org or use the identifier as a web-link.

In the Material Examined section, the specimens studied are recorded in an abbreviated format, using unique identifiers (numbers prefixed with “OSUC”, “CASENT”, “UCFC”, “CMNH”, “MHNG”) for the individual specimens. The label data for all specimens have been georeferenced and recorded in the Hymenoptera On-Line database, and details on the data associated with these specimens can be accessed at the following link, hol.osu.edu, and entering the identifier in the form (note the space between the acronym and the number). The electronic version of the paper contains hyperlinks to external resources. Insofar as possible, the external information conforms to standards developed and maintained through the organization Biodiversity Information Standards (Taxonomic Database Working Group). All new species have been prospectively registered with ZooBank (Polaszek et al. 2005, http://www.zoobank.org), and other taxonomic names, where appropriate, have been retrospectively registered.

Data associated with the genus Calliscelio can be accessed at hol.osu.edu/index.html?id=461. The generic and species descriptions were generated by an xBio:D platform application, vSysLab (vsyslab.osu.edu), designed to facilitate the production of a taxon by character data matrices, and to integrate those data with the existing taxonomic, bibliographic and specimen-level database. Data may be exported in both text format and as input files for other applications. The text output for descriptions is in the format of “Character: Character state (s)”. Polymorphic characters are indicated by semicolon-separated character states.

Images and measurements were made using Combine ZP and AutoMontage extended-focus software, using JVC KY-F75U digital camera, Leica Z16 APOA microscope, and 1X objective lens. Images were post-processed with Abobe Photoshop CS3 Extended. A standard set of images is provided for each species: dorsal habitus, lateral habitus, dorsal and lateral views of the head and mesosoma, and anterior view of head. The individual images are archived in Specimage (specimage.osu.edu), the image database at The Ohio State University.

Taxonomy

Calliscelio Ashmead

Calliscelio Ashmead, 1893: 209, 218 (original description. Type: Calliscelio laticinctus Ashmead, by monotypy and original designation, keyed); Ashmead 1894: 216 (keyed); Dalla Torre 1898: 501 (catalog of species); Ashmead 1900: 327 (list of species of West Indies); Ashmead 1903: 91 (keyed); Brues 1908: 27, 28, 33 (diagnosis, list of species, keyed); Kieffer 1908: 122 (keyed); Kieffer 1910b: 66 (keyed); Kieffer 1913: 232 (description); Kieffer 1926: 273, 499 (description, keyed, key to species); Muesebeck and Walkley 1956: 338 (citation of type species); Baltazar 1966: 185 (cataloged, catalog of species of the Philippines); Masner 1972: 839 (junior synonym of Calotelea Westwood); Masner 1976: 34, 36, 43 (description; key to Calliscelio Ashmead, Paridris Kieffer, Oethecoctonus Ashmead, and Probaryconus Kieffer; key to Calotelea Westwood and Calliscelio Ashmead); Mani and Sharma 1982: 178 (description); Galloway and Austin 1984: 8, 27, 28 (description, list of species described from Australia, keyed); Kozlov and Kononova 1985: 19 (description, key to species of the Palearctic); Kozlov and Kononova 1990: 19, 173, 183 (description, key to species of the USSR, keyed); Johnson 1992: 355 (catalog of world species); Kononova 1995: 61, 69 (keyed, diagnosis, key to species of Russian Far East); Austin and Field 1997: 20, 68 (structure of ovipositor system, discussion of phylogenetic relationships); Narendran and Ramesh Babu 1990: 2 (key to species of India); Lê 2000: 31, 46 (keyed, description, key to species); Loiácono and Margaría 2002: 557 (catalog of Brazilian species); Mineo 2004: 174 (distribution in Sicily); Rajmohana 2006: 116, 119, 120 (description, keyed, key to species of India); Kononova and Fursov 2007a: 57 (description); Kononova and Fursov 2007b: 98 (description); Kononova and Kozlov 2008: 23, 257, 258 (description, keyed, key to species of Palearctic region); Rajmohana and Peter 2013: 76 (key to species Calliscelio rugosus Rajmohana & Peter and Calliscelio agaliensis Narendran & Ramesh Babu); Talamas and Buffington 2015: 12. (fossil in Dominican amber); Talamas, Johnston-Jordan and Buffington 2016: 413, 416 (description, synonymy).

http://zoobank.org/29B1D7E4-1173-4D61-B695-CA755632F5EA

http://bioguid.osu.edu/xbiod_concepts/461

Baryteleia Kiefffer, 1926: 273, 544 (original description. Type: Macroteleia nigriceps Kieffer, by original designation, keyed, key to species); Muesebeck and Walkley 1956: 336 (citation of type species); Masner 1976: 36 (junior synonym of Calliscelio Ashmead).

http://zoobank.org/AB0DBC82-18D8-431F-9069-783F4874CEC1

http://bioguid.osu.edu/xbiod_concepts/8406

Caenoteleia Kieffer, 1926: 266, 550 (original description. Type: Caloteleia elegans Perkins, by monotypy, keyed); Muesebeck and Walkley 1956: 338 (citation of type species); Johnson 1992: 355 (catalog of world species); Masner et al. 2009: 60 (junior synonym of Calliscelio Ashmead, discussion of status).

http://zoobank.org/5FEFDDD1-26AD-40D7-A498-BB4B5DF03630

http://bioguid.osu.edu/xbiod_concepts/460

Ceratoteleia Kieffer, 1908: 121 (original description. Type Caloteleia grenadensis Ashmead, designated by Kieffer (1926), keyed); Kieffer 1910b: 65, 66, 88 (description, list of species, keyed); Dodd 1913a: 131, 144 (key to species of Australia); Dodd 1913b: 176 (comparison with Macroteleia Westwood); Kieffer 1913: 222 (description); Kieffer 1913: 232 (description); Kieffer 1914a: 315 (description, key to species of Europe and Algeria); Kieffer 1926: 273, 500 (description, keyed, key to species, designation of type species); Nixon 1931: 356 (keyed, key to species of Africa); Nixon 1933: 292 (keyed); Brues 1940: 82 (key to species of Baltic amber); Maneval 1940: 114 (keyed); Risbec 1950: 603 (key to species of Ethiopian region); Muesebeck and Walkley 1951: 705 (catalog of species of U.S. and Canada); Muesebeck and Walkley 1956: 341 (citation of type species); Masner 1976: 36 (junior synonym of Calliscelio Ashmead).

http://zoobank.org/70CBF446-7CD7-4211-BF0C-F401DAE92DDA

http://bioguid.osu.edu/xbiod_concepts/8400

Crama Galloway, 1984: 7, 8, 28 (original description. Type: Baryconus albicoxa Dodd, by original designation, key to Australian species, keyed); Johnson 1992: 364 (catalog of world species); Talamas, Johnston-Jordan and Buffington 2016: 413, 417 (junior synonym of Calliscelio Ashmead).

http://zoobank.org/10BDF90E-0D3E-491E-98B2-8B39BB9D5871

http://bioguid.osu.edu/xbiod_concepts/466

Glyptoteleia Kieffer, 1926: 272, 487 (original description. Type: Baryconus bisulcatus Kieffer, by monotypy, keyed); Muesebeck and Walkley 1956: 356 (citation of type species); Szabó 1962: 241 (diagnosis); Masner 1976: 36 (junior synonym of Calliscelio Ashmead); De Santis 1980: 312 (catalog of species of Brazil).

http://zoobank.org/FFA0AF0B-A126-4A36-8DB4-E25910A88C3D

http://bioguid.osu.edu/xbiod_concepts/8405

Lispoteleia Galloway, 1984: 7, 9, 35 (original description. Type: Lispoteleia collina Galloway, by original designation, key to species of Australia, keyed); Johnson 1992: 421 (catalog of world species); Austin and Field 1997: 22, 68 (structure of ovipositor system, discussion of phylogenetic relationships); Talamas, Johnston-Jordan and Buffington 2016: 413, 417 (junior synonym of Calliscelio Ashmead).

http://zoobank.org/A458DE09-DAFA-424E-B60E-1A831B19D01E

http://bioguid.osu.edu/xbiod_concepts/503

Mesoteleia Kieffer, 1917: 51 (original description. Type: Mesoteleia pallida Kieffer, by monotypy and original designation); Kieffer 1926: 271, 441 (description, keyed); Muesebeck and Walkley 1956: 369 (citation of type species); Baltazar 1966: 182 (cataloged, catalog of species of the Philippines); Masner 1976: 36 (junior synonym of Calliscelio Ashmead).

http://zoobank.org/B6CD6365-672B-4E49-B3AE-6AAFA9C42DA6

http://bioguid.osu.edu/xbiod_concepts/8404

Prosanteris Kieffer, 1908: 121, 136 (original description. Type: Anteris nigriceps Ashmead, designated by Kieffer (1910b), keyed); Kieffer 1910b: 65, 87 (description, key to subgenera, list of species, keyed); Kieffer 1913: 232 (description); Kieffer 1926: 272, 437 (description, keyed, key to species); Muesebeck and Walkley 1951: 704 (catalog of species of U.S. and Canada); Muesebeck and Walkley 1956: 391 (citation of type species); Muesebeck 1958: 93 (junior synonym of Ceratoteleia Kieffer).

http://zoobank.org/31DB13FB-2699-4E1D-A023-1BA21C1B9503

http://bioguid.osu.edu/xbiod_concepts/8401

Uroscelio Kieffer, 1914: 291 (original description. Type: Uroscelio luteipes Kieffer, by monotypy and original designation); Kieffer 1926: 268, 409 (description, keyed); Muesebeck and Walkley 1956: 408 (citation of type species); Baltazar 1966: 180 (cataloged, catalog of species of the Philippines); Masner 1976: 36 (junior synonym of Calliscelio Ashmead).

http://zoobank.org/91A2A4C7-7D11-4723-8C53-02DEA8A0213B

http://bioguid.osu.edu/xbiod_concepts/8403

Xentor Masner & Johnson, 2007: 12, 14 (original description. Type: Xentor schlingeri Masner & Johnson, by original designation, key to species); Talamas, Johnston-Jordan and Buffington 2016: 416 (junior synonym of Calliscelio Ashmead).

http://zoobank.org/1578C9FB-4A24-42D6-922D-05CDA2626906

http://bioguid.osu.edu/xbiod_concepts/211604

Yunkara Galloway, 1984: 9, 33 (original description. Type: Yunkara inornata Galloway, by monotypy and original designation, keyed); Johnson 1992: 510 (catalog of world species); Talamas, Johnston-Jordan and Buffington 2016: 413, 418 (junior synonym of Calliscelio Ashmead).

http://zoobank.org/4FBE9CB9-3B71-4DFB-BCE0-781664A31929

http://bioguid.osu.edu/xbiod_concepts/578

Description

(based on New World species). Length: 1.27–3.88 mm; body moderately to markedly elongate, robust.

Head. Head shape in dorsal view: transverse. Hyperoccipital carina: absent; present. Occipital carina: present, complete medially; present laterally, broadly interrupted medially; completely absent. Occipital carina sculpture: crenulate; unsculptured. OOL: lateral ocellus nearly contiguous with inner orbits, OOL < 0.5 OD; lateral ocellus contiguous with inner orbit. Upper frons: convex, without frontal shelf. Scrobe shape: frons broadly convex, without distinct scrobe. Frons sculpture: scrobe largely smooth, otherwise granulate or variably punctate. Submedian carina: absent. Orbital carina: absent. Inner orbits: diverging ventrally. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH; IOS slightly greater than EH. Interantennal process: short, often excavate medially. Central keel: present; absent. Torulus opening: laterally on interantennal process. Lower frons striae: absent. Malar sulcus: present. Compound eye size: of normal proportions, not significantly reduced. Compound eye setation: glabrous; sparsely setose; densely setose. Gena: broad, convex, distinctly produced behind eye. Clypeus shape: narrow, slightly convex medially, lateral corner not produced. Apical margin of clypeus: straight. Anteclypeus: absent. Postclypeus: absent. Labrum: not visible. Mandible shape: moderate. Mandibular teeth: apex with 3, acute, subequal teeth. Arrangement of mandibular teeth: transverse. Number of maxillary palpomeres: 4. Shape of maxillary palpomeres: cylindrical. Number of labial palpomeres: 2.

Antenna. Number of antennomeres in female: 12. Number of antennomeres in male: 12. Insertion of radicle into A1: parallel to longitudinal axis of A1. Shape of A1: more or less cylindrical, not flattened. Length of A3 of female: distinctly longer than A2. Number of clavomeres in female antenna: 6. Claval formula of female antenna: A12–A7/1-2-2-2-2-1. Arrangement of doubled multiporous plate sensilla on female clava: in longitudinal pairs. Tyloid distribution on male antenna: A5 only. Shape of male flagellum: filiform.

Mesosoma. Mesosoma shape in dorsal view: longer than wide. Mesosoma shape in lateral view: longer than high. Medial portion of transverse pronotal carina: weakly indicated laterally; absent. Posterior apex of pronotum in dorsal view: straight, bifid apically to articulate with tegula. Vertical epomial carina: absent. Dorsal epomial carina (lateral portion of transverse pronotal carina of Vilhelmsen et al. 2010): present. Anterior face of pronotum: oblique, visible dorsally, short. Lateral face of pronotum: weakly concave below position of dorsal epomial carina. Netrion: present. Netrion shape: narrow to moderately wide, open ventrally. Anterior portion of mesoscutum: vertical, flexed ventrally to meet pronotum. Mesoscutum shape: semielliptical, excavate at base of wings. Skaphion: absent. Notauli: present, percurrent; present, abbreviated. Parapsidal lines: absent. Admedial lines: absent. Transscutal articulation: well-developed, narrow. Shape of mesoscutellum: quadrate to trapezoidal. Armature of mesoscutellum: absent. Surface of mesoscutellum: convex throughout. Median longitudinal furrow on mesoscutellum: absent. Shape of axillula: small, dorsal margin sinuate. Metascutellum: clearly differentiated. Metascutellar armature: absent. Metascutellar setation: glabrous. Metapostnotum: not defined externally. Extent of metasomal depression of propodeum: percurrent, extending anteriorly to anterior margin of propodeum. Lateral propodeal projection: absent. Mesopleural carina: present, extending at least to sternaulus; absent or strongly abbreviated, present only near mid coxa. Mesal course of acetabular carina: projecting as small spur anteriorly, not separating fore coxae. Mesopleural pit: present. Sternaulus: absent. Posterodorsal corner of mesopleuron: rounded anteriorly.

Legs. Number of mid tibial spurs: 1. Number of hind tibial spurs: 1. Dorsal surface of hind coxa: smooth; transversely rugose. Hind tibia shape: cylindrical, ecarinate. Trochantellus: indicated by transverse sulcus on femur.

Wings. Wing development of female: macropterous. Wing development of male: macropterous. Tubular veins in fore wing: present. Bulla of fore wing R: absent. Extent of marginal venation of fore wing: distinct marginal or postmarginal veins developed. Origin of r-rs in fore wing: arising from marginal vein along costal margin. Development of basal vein (Rs+M) in fore wing: spectral; nebulous, strongly pigmented; absent. Development of R in hind wing: elongate, extending to costal margin.

Metasoma. Number of external terga in female: 6. Number of external sterna in female: 6. Number of external terga in male: 7. Number of external sterna in male: 7. Shape of metasoma: lanceolate. Laterotergites: present, narrow. Laterosternites: present. T1 of female: more or less evenly convex; produced medially into cylindrical or elliptical horn housing ovipositor. Relative size of metasomal segments: T2–T4 largest, subequal in size. Terga with basal crenulae: T2. Sublateral carinae on tergites: absent. Median longitudinal carina on metasomal terga: absent. Shape of female T6: flattened. Shape of posterior margin of male T7: rounded. Anterior margin of S1: not produced anteriorly, concave. Distribution of felt fields: absent. Ovipositor type: Scelio-type (Austin and Field 1997).

Diagnosis

Calliscelio may be distinguished from other genera of the subfamily by the combination of the following characters: eyes glabrous in many species but in some with short hairs or even densely hairy; skaphion never developed; metanotum medially produced into a transverse plate or lamella, neither spinose nor toothed laterally; propodeum usually unarmed, often excavate to contain T1 horn, only in a few species with posterolateral corner acute; T6 in females often elongate, sword-like, depressed dorsoventrally. Calliscelio is most similar to Holoteleia Kieffer and Probaryconus Kieffer in the tribe Calliscelionini and Calotelea in Psilanteridini in body shape and some external characters. The following key is used to separate these genera with the fewest characters possible.

Key to separate Calliscelio, Calotelea, Holoteleia and Probaryconus

1 Skaphion indicated posteriorly by more or less distinct rim Calotelea Westwood
Skaphion never developed, no rim posteriorly 2
2 Genal striae present; epomial carina present Probaryconus Kieffer
Genal striae absent; epomial carina absent 3
3 Metanotum medially notably wider than at sides, expanded into lamella Calliscelio Ashmead
Metanotum narrow, strip-like, medially not produced into lamella Holoteleia Kieffer

New World species of Calliscelio Ashmead

C. absconditum Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. absum Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. alcoa Chen & Masner, sp. n.

C. amadoi Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. armila Chen & Masner, sp. n.

C. bidens Chen & Masner, sp. n.

C. bisulcatus (Kieffer, 1910)

C. brachys Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. brevinotaulus Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. brevitas Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. carinigena Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. crater Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. crena Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. eboris Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. elegans (Perkins)

Calotelea tanugatra Narendran

C. extenuatus Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. flavicauda Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. foveolatus Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. gatineau Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. glaber Chen & Masner, sp. n.

C. granulatus Chen & Masner, sp. n.

C. laticinctus Ashmead, 1893

C. latifrons Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. levis Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. longius Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. magnificus Chen & Masner, sp. n.

C. migma Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. minutia Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. paraglaber Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. pararemigio Chen & Masner, sp. n.

C. prolixus Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. punctatifrons Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. remigio Chen & Masner, sp. n.

C. rubriclavus (Ashmead, 1887), comb. n.

Anteris nigriceps Ashmead, 1893, syn. n.

Caloteleia Marlattii Ashmead, 1893, syn. n.

Caloteleia grenadensis Ashmead, 1896, syn. n.

Macroteleia ruskini Girault, 1920, syn. n.

C. ruga Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. rugicoxa Chen & Masner, sp. n.

C. sfina Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. storea Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. suni Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. telum Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. torqueo Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

C. virga Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Key to females of Calliscelio of the New World

1 Occipital carina complete medially (Figs 19, 37, 43, 49, 55, 73, 91, 103, 109, 115, 121, 133, 139, 145, 151, 157, 163, 169, 181, 193, 199, 217, 235, 247, 259, 271) 2
Occipital carina interrupted medially (Figs 25, 31, 61, 67, 79, 85, 97, 127, 175, 187, 205, 229, 241, 253, 265) 28
2 Eye bare (Figs 38, 74, 92, 110, 116, 122, 140, 152, 158, 164, 170, 182, 194, 218) 3
Eye setose (Figs 44, 56, 50, 103, 133, 146, 200, 236, 248, 260, 272) 17
3 A4 distinctly shorter than A3 (Figs 18, 36, 72, 90, 114, 118, 182) 4
A4 approximately as long as or distinctly longer than A3 (Figs 10, 140, 150, 162, 166, 190) 11
4 Horn on T1 weakly developed, smooth (Figs 117, 183) 5
Horn on T1 large and distinct, variably sculptured (Figs 21, 39, 123, 217) 6
5 Metascutellum without a longitudinal median carina (Fig. 181); foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli smaller than those along margin of axilla (Fig. 181); posterior vertex smooth throughout (Fig. 181) Calliscelio paraglaber Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
Metascutellum with a longitudinal median carina (Fig. 115); foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli as large as those along margin of axilla (Fig. 115); posterior vertex smooth to coriaceous (Fig. 115) Calliscelio foveolatus Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
6 T6 strongly elongate, at least 2.0× longer than wide (Figs 63, 93) 7
T6 short, at most 1.5× longer than wide (Figs 21, 39, 123, 224) 8
7 Setae on frons short (Fig. 74); posterior vertex granulate to rugulose or densely punctate (Fig. 73); mesoscutum largely coriaceous with dense and fine punctures at posterior extreme (Fig. 73) Calliscelio brevitas Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
Setae on frons long (Fig. 92); posterior vertex largely smooth with sparse fine punctures (Fig. 91); mesoscutum with anterior margin rugulose, remainder smooth (Fig. 91) Calliscelio crena Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
8 R1 as long as r-rs (Figs 13, 212); IOS slightly less than or greater than EH (Figs 122, 218) 9
R1 as long as 2.0× length of r-rs (Figs 21, 39); IOS distinctly less than EH (Figs 20, 38) 10
9 Mesepisternum below mesopleural depression densely punctate (Fig. 211); horn on T1 large and distinct, granulate or rugose dorsally (Fig. 217) Calliscelio rubriclavus (Ashmead)
Mesepisternum below mesopleural depression smooth (Fig. 119); horn on T1 present as a small bulge, dorsally granulate medially, with V-shaped keels on edge (Fig. 123) Calliscelio gatineau Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
10 Posterior vertex largely smooth with sparse fine punctures (Fig. 37); Rs+M dark, nebulous (Fig. 39); T1 horn transversely striate (Fig. 39) Calliscelio amadoi Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
Posterior vertex granulate to rugulose (Fig. 19); Rs+M spectral (Fig. 21); T1 horn with V-shaped striae (Fig. 21) Calliscelio absconditum Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
11 T6 short, at most 1.5× longer than wide (Figs 111, 153, 171, 195) 12
T6 strongly elongate, at least 2.0× longer than wide (Figs 159, 165) 15
12 Horn on T1 absent or weakly developed (Figs 153, 195); dorsal propodeum not excavate medially, lateral propodeal carinae meeting anteromedially (Figs 151, 193) 13
Horn on T1 present as a small bulge (Figs 111, 171); dorsal propodeum shallowly excavate medially, with lateral propodeal carinae widely separated (Fig. 109, 169) 14
13 A4 distinctly longer than A3 (Fig. 192); upper frons densely setose (Fig. 194); T1 longitudinally striate medially (Fig. 195) Calliscelio prolixus Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
A4 as long as A3 (Fig. 150); upper frons sparsely setose (Fig. 152); T1 smooth medially (Fig. 153) Calliscelio levis Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
14 Scutoscutellar sulcus strongly foveolate medially (Fig. 109); upper frons densely setose (Fig. 110); T3 smooth throughout (Fig. 111) Calliscelio flavicauda Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
Scutoscutellar sulcus weakly foveolate medially (Fig. 169); upper frons sparsely setose (Fig. 170); T3 with longitudinal submedian striae (Fig. 171) Calliscelio migma Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
15 Horn on T1 smooth (Fig. 165); foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli smaller than those along margin of axilla (Fig. 163) Calliscelio magnificus Chen & Masner, sp. n.
Horn on T1 at least partly transversely striate (Figs 139, 159); foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli as large as those along margin of axilla (Fig. 139, 157) 16
16 A4 distinctly longer than A3 (Fig. 10); A5 longer than A3 (Fig. 10) Calliscelio longius Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
A4 slightly longer than A3 (Fig. 140); A5 shorter than A3 (Fig. 140) Calliscelio laticinctus Ashmead
17 Median keels on propodeum present (Figs 49, 235) 18
Median keels on propodeum absent (Figs 43, 55, 103, 133, 145, 199, 247, 259, 271) 19
18 Horn on T1 absent, anterior margin of T1 longitudinally striate (Fig. 81); hind coxae smooth (Fig. 47); T6 short, slightly longer than wide (Fig. 51) Calliscelio bidens Chen & Masner, sp. n.
Horn on T1 weakly developed, rugose dorsally (Fig. 237); hind coxae rugose (Fig. 233); T6 distinctly elongate, 2.0× longer than wide (Fig. 237) Calliscelio rugicoxa Chen & Masner, sp. n.
19 T6 strongly elongate, at least 2.0× longer than wide (Figs 135, 261) 20
T6 short, at most 1.5× longer than wide (Figs 45, 57, 105, 147, 201, 249, 273) 22
20 Fore wing strikingly banded, with dark bands basally, medially and apically, separated by light bands; R1 only slightly longer than r-rs Calliscelio elegans (Perkins)
Fore wing hyaline; R1 approximately as long as 2.0× length of r-rs 21
21 Setae of upper frons short, dense (Fig. 134); netrion rugose (Fig. 131); horn on T1 longitudinally striate (Fig. 135) Calliscelio granulatus Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
Setae of upper frons long, sparse (Fig. 260); netrion smooth (Fig. 257); horn on T1 rugulose (Fig. 261) Calliscelio telum Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
22 Horn on T1 absent (Fig. 105); dorsal propodeum not excavate medially (Fig. 103) Calliscelio extenuatus Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
Horn on T1 present (Figs 45, 57, 147, 201, 249, 273); dorsal propodeum excavate medially (Figs 43, 55, 145, 199, 247, 271) 23
23 Horn on T1 variably sculptured (Figs 45, 147, 249) 24
Horn on T1 smooth (Figs 57, 201, 273) 26
24 Notaulus abbreviated, at most reaching middle of mesoscutum (Fig. 145); T3 with submedian longitudinal striae (Fig. 147) Calliscelio latifrons Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
Notaulus percurrent (Figs 43, 247); T3 smooth throughout (Figs 45, 249) 25
25 Horn on T1 rugulose (Fig. 249); legs orange throughout (Fig. 244) Calliscelio storea Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
Horn on T1 smooth to rugulose medially, with V-shaped keels laterally (Fig. 45); legs with coxae and femora white, otherwise pale yellow throughout (Fig. 40) Calliscelio armila Chen & Masner, sp. n.
26 Frons below median ocellus densely punctate (Fig. 200); posterior vertex densely punctate (Fig. 199); R distinctly longer than r-rs (Fig. 201) Calliscelio punctatifrons Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
Frons below median ocellus largely smooth with sparse fine punctures (Figs 56, 272); posterior vertex granulate (Figs 55, 271); R approximately as long as r-rs (Fig. 268) 27
27 Metascutellum approximately 4.0× wider than long, smooth (Fig. 271); mesopleural carina absent (Fig. 269); mesepisternum below mesopleural depression smooth throughout (Fig. 269) Calliscelio virga Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
Metascutellum approximately 2.0× wider than long, rugose anteriorly, smooth posteriorly (Fig. 55); mesopleural carina present (Fig. 53); mesepisternum below mesopleural depression with a row of foveae along mesopleural carina Calliscelio bisulcatus (Kieffer)
28 Horn on T1 absent or at most weakly developed (Figs 27, 63, 99, 177, 261) 29
Horn on T1 present (Figs 33, 69, 87, 129, 189, 207, 243, 267) 34
29 Notaulus abbreviated, at most reaching middle of mesoscutum (Figs 25, 61) 30
Notaulus percurrent (Figs 97, 175, 229, 259) 31
30 A4 distinctly shorter than A3 (Fig. 22); postgena behind outer orbit coriaceous (Fig. 23) Calliscelio absum Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
A4 as long as A3 (Fig. 60); postgena behind outer orbit smooth (Fig. 59) Calliscelio brachys Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
31 Eye hairy (Fig. 229); A6 distinctly longer than wide Calliscelio ruga Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
Eye bare (Figs 98, 176, 260); A6 subquadrate or distinctly transverse 32
32 Fore wing hyaline with an infuscate band in the middle (Fig. 174); A4 distinctly shorter than A3; postgena behind outer orbit granulate (Fig. 173) Calliscelio minutia Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
Fore wing entirely hyaline (Figs 99, 258); A4 as long as A3; postgena behind outer orbit smooth (Figs 95, 257) 33
33 Central keel of frons absent (Fig. 260); frons below median ocellus smooth (Fig. 260); Rs+M nebulose, weakly pigmented (Fig. 261) Calliscelio suni Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
Central keel of frons present (Fig. 98); frons below median ocellus coriaceous (Fig. 98); Rs+M spectral (Fig. 99) Calliscelio eboris Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
34 Frons and posterior vertex smooth (Figs 127, 128, 187, 188, 205, 206, 265, 266) 35
Frons and posterior vertex variably sculptured (Figs 31, 32, 67, 68, 79, 80, 85, 86, 241, 242) 38
35 T6 strongly elongate, approximately 3.0× longer than wide (Figs 189, 207); Metascutellum finely granulate (Figs 187, 205) 36
T6 short, slightly longer than wide (Figs 129, 267); Metascutellum finely smooth (Figs 127, 265) 37
36 Head strongly transverse in dorsal view (Fig. 205); T1 horn transversely striate (Fig. 207) Calliscelio remigio Chen & Masner, sp. n.
Head subglobose in dorsal view (Fig. 187); T1 horn densely and concentrically striate anteriorly, smooth posteriorly (Fig. 189) Calliscelio pararemigio Chen & Masner, sp. n.
37 A4 distinctly longer than A3 (Fig. 264); horn on T1 smooth (Fig. 267) Calliscelio torqueo Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
A4 distinctly shorter than A3 (Fig. 126); horn on T1 concentrically striate (Fig. 129) Calliscelio glaber Chen & Masner, sp. n.
38 Hyperoccipital carina present (Figs 79, 85) 39
Hyperoccipital carina absent (Figs 31, 67, 241) 40
39 Postgena behind outer orbit with large foveae (Fig. 83); horn on T1 large and distinct, rugose medially, with V-shaped keels laterally (Fig. 87) Calliscelio crater Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
Postgena with a carina along outer orbit (Fig. 77); horn on T1 weakly indicated, smooth to somewhat transversely striate (Fig. 69) Calliscelio carinigena Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
40 Mesoscutum densely punctate (Fig. 31); horn on T1 densely and transversely striate (Fig. 33); T6 strongly elongate, tapering apically (Fig. 33) Calliscelio alcoa Chen & Masner, sp. n.
Mesoscutum granulate (Figs 67, 241); horn on T1 with V-shaped striae (Figs 69, 243); T6 short, subtriangular (Figs 69, 243) 41
41 Notaulus abbreviated, at most reaching anteriorly to middle of mesoscutum (Fig. 67); ventral metapleural area largely smooth (Fig. 65); S3 largely smooth with sparse fine punctures Calliscelio brevinotaulus Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
Notaulus percurrent (Fig. 241); ventral metapleural area rugose throughout (Fig. 239); S3 densely punctate medially, longitudinally striate laterally Calliscelio sfina Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Key to males

(unknown for C. amadoi, C. bidens, C. brevitas, C. foveolatus, C. gatineau, C. levis, C. prolixus, C. rugicoxa, C. ruga and C. storea)

1 Occipital carina complete medially (Figs 19, 43, 55, 91, 103, 109, 133, 139, 145, 157, 163, 169, 181, 199, 217, 259, 271) 2
Occipital carina interrupted medially (Figs 25, 31, 61, 67, 79, 85, 97, 127, 175, 187, 205, 241, 259, 265) 19
2 Eye bare (Figs 20, 92, 110, 140, 158, 164, 170, 182) 3
Eye setose (Figs 44, 103, 133, 200, 260, 272) 11
3 Rs+M spectral (Figs 21, 212); R distinctly shorter than r-rs 4
Rs+M nebulose, pigmented (Figs 15, 90, 159, 165, 171, 183); R as long as or longer than r-rs 5
4 Mesepisternum below mesopleural depression densely punctate (Fig. 211); IOS slightly less than EH (Fig. 218); R1 as long as r-rs Calliscelio rubriclavus (Ashmead)
Mesepisternum below mesopleural depression smooth (Fig. 17); IOS distinctly less than EH (Fig. 20); R1 approximately as long as 2.0× length of r-rs Calliscelio absconditum sp. n.
5 Upper frons densely setose (Figs 110, 140, 158, 164) 6
Upper frons sparsely setose (Figs 92, 170, 182) 9
6 Metascutellum smooth (Fig. 163) Calliscelio magnificus Chen & Masner, sp. n.
Metascutellum rugose (Figs 109, 139, 157) 7
7 A11 approximately 4.5× longer than wide Calliscelio longuis Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
A11 approximately 3.0× longer than wide 8
8 T3 smooth throughout (Fig. 111); hind femora brown Calliscelio flavicauda Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
T3 with longitudinal submedian striae; hind femora yellow Calliscelio laticinctus Ashmead
9 A11 approximately 2.0× longer than wide; length of T5 tyloid greater than 0.5× length of A5 Calliscelio crena Chen & Johnson, sp.n
A11 approximately 4.0× longer than wide; length of T5 tyloid approximately 0.3× length of A5 10
10 Mesoscutum smooth throughout (Fig. 181); T3 smooth throughout (Fig. 183) Calliscelio paraglaber Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
Mesoscutum coriaceous or smooth with sparse punctures (Fig. 169); T3 with longitudinal submedian striae (Fig. 171) Calliscelio migma Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
11 R1 approximately as long as r-rs 12
R1 at least 2.0× length of r-rs 14
12 Fore wing strikingly banded, with dark bands basally, medially and apically, separated by light bands Calliscelio elegans (Perkins)
Fore wing hyaline (Figs 54, 268) 13
13 Metascutellum rugose (Fig. 55); mesepisternum below mesopleural depression largely smooth with a row of foveae along mesopleural carina Calliscelio bisulcatus (Kieffer)
Metascutellum smooth (Fig. 271); mesepisternum below mesopleural depression smooth throughout (Fig. 269) Calliscelio virga Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
14 IOS slightly greater than EH (Fig. 146); antennal flagellomeres moniliform, A11 as long as wide (Fig. 5) Calliscelio latifrons Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
IOS less than EH (Figs 44, 104, 134, 200, 260); antennal flagellomeres filiform, A11 at least 2.5× longer than wide (Fig. 2) 15
15 Posterior vertex densely punctate (Fig. 199); mesostutellum smooth with sparse fine punctures (Fig. 199) Calliscelio punctatifrons Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
Posterior vertex granulate (Figs 43, 103, 133, 259); mesoscutellum granulate (Figs 43, 103, 133, 259) 16
16 R1 greater than 3.0× length of r-rs Calliscelio extenuatus Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
R1 approximately as long as 2.0× length of r-rs 17
17 Frons below median ocellus largely smooth with sparse fine punctures (Fig. 44); IOS slightly less than EH (Fig. 44) Calliscelio armila Chen & Masner, sp. n.
Frons below median ocellus granulate (Figs 134, 260); IOS distinctly less than EH (Figs 134, 260) 18
18 Rs+M nebulose, strongly pigmented; dorsal propodeum with one or two longitudinal keels lateral to median keels Calliscelio telum Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
Rs+M spectral; dorsal propodeum rugose rugose throughout, only with medial keels Calliscelio granulatus Chen & Masner, sp. n.
19 Notaulus abbreviated, at most reach anteriorly to middle of mesoscutum (Figs 15, 61, 61) 20
Notaulus percurrent (Figs 31, 79, 85, 97, 127, 175, 187, 205, 241, 259, 265) 22
20 Netrion rugose (Fig. 65); mesopleural carina absent (Fig. 65) Calliscelio brevinotaulus Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
Netrion smooth (Figs 23, 59); mesopleural carina present (Figs 23, 59) 21
21 Postgena behind outer orbit smooth (Fig. 59); length of A5 tyloid approximately 0.3× length of A5; dorsal propodeum with one or two longitudinal keels lateral to median keel Calliscelio brachys Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
Postgena behind outer orbit coriaceous (Fig. 23); length of A5 tyloid longer than 0.5× length of A5; lateral propodeal area rugose throughout Calliscelio absum Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
22 Frons below median ocellus smooth (Figs 128, 188, 206, 260, 266) 23
Frons below median ocellus sculptured (Figs 32, 80, 86, 98, 176, 242) 27
23 Rs+M nebulose, pigmented (Figs 258, 264) 24
Rs+M spectral (Figs 126, 186, 204) 25
24 Metascutellum rugose (Fig. 259); R distinctly shorter than r-rs; T3 smooth throughout (Fig. 261) Calliscelio suni Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
Metascutellum smooth (Fig. 265); R approximately as long as r-rs; T3 with longitudinal submedian striae (Fig. 267) Calliscelio torqueo Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
25 Mesopleural carina absent (Fig. 125); mesoscutellum smooth throughout (Fig. 127) Calliscelio glaber Chen & Masner, sp. n.
Mesopleural carina present (Figs 185, 203); mesoscutellum with sparse fine punctures (Fig. 187, 205) 26
26 Head strongly transverse in dorsal view (Fig. 205); S3 densely punctate or punctate rugose (Fig. 207) Calliscelio remigio Chen & Masner, sp. n.
Head subglobose in dorsal view (Fig. 187); S3 largely smooth with sparse fine punctures (Fig. 189) Calliscelio pararemigio Chen & Masner, sp. n.
27 Mesoscutum densely punctate (Fig. 31); R approximately as long as r-rs; Calliscelio alcoa Chen & Masner, sp. n.
Mesoscutum coriaceous or granulate (Figs 79, 85, 97, 175, 241); R distinctly shorter than r-rs; 28
28 Hyperoccipital carina present (Figs 79, 85, 97) 29
Hyperoccipital carina absent (Figs 175, 241) 31
29 Postgena behind outer orbit with large foveae (Fig. 83) Calliscelio crater Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
Postgena behind outer orbit without foveae (Figs 77, 95) 30
30 Posterior vertex transversely striate (Fig. 97); postgena behind outer orbit smooth (Fig. 95) Calliscelio eboris Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
Posterior vertex granulate to rugulose (Fig. 79); postgena behind outer orbit with a carina along outer orbit (Fig. 77) Calliscelio carinigena Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
31 S3 smooth (Fig. 177); fore wing hyaline with infuscate band in the middle (Fig. 174); ventral metapleural area smooth dorsally, densely punctate ventrally (Fig. 173) Calliscelio minutia Chen & Johnson, sp. n.
S3 densely punctate medially, longitudinally striate laterally (Fig. 243); fore wing hyaline throughout (Fig. 240); ventral metapleural area rugose (Fig. 239) Calliscelio sfina Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Calliscelio absconditum Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Figures 16–21

Description

Body length of female: 2.04–2.54 mm (n=20). Body length of male: 1.70–2.36 mm (n=20). Color of head: variably brown to black. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): dark brown to black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: absent. Setation of upper frons: with sparse, long setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: smooth to coriaceous. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: coriaceous. Sculpture of posterior vertex: granulate to rugulose. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: complete, weakly crenulate throughout. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: largely smooth with small granulate area. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: distinctly shorter than A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, as long as wide. Shape of female A6: distinctly wider than long. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: filiform, A11 approximately 2.0× longer than wide. Length of A5 tyloid in male: greater than 0.5× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Color of mesosoma in male: variably orange to pale brown; dark brown throughout. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth throughout. Sculpture of netrion: smooth. Notaulus: percurrent. Sculpture of mesoscutum: granulate. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: as large as those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: smooth with sparse fine punctures. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin straight, approximately 3.0× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: rugose. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: rugose. Dorsal propodeum in female: shallowly excavate medially, with lateral propodeal carinae widely separated. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugose. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: absent. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: largely smooth with an oblique carina. Color of legs: pale yellow throughout. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: spectral. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: distinctly shorter than r-rs. Length of R1: approximately as long as 2.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Color of metasoma in male: brown throughout. Horn on T1 in female: large and distinct. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: smooth to rugulose medially, with V-shaped keels laterally; with V-shaped striae. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching posterior margin of T2. Sculpture of T3: smooth; smooth medially, coriaceous laterally. Shape of T6 in female: short, wider than long. Sculpture of S3: smooth to coriaceous.

Diagnosis

This species is similar to C. brevinotaulus, C. carinigena, C. crater and C. sfina in color pattern, size, and habitus. It may be distinguished by the complete occipital carina and granulate to rugulose posterior vertex (Fig. 19).

Figures 1–12.

1 Calliscelio punctatifrons sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 191124), Antenna. 2–3 Calliscelio punctatifrons sp. n., male, paratype (OSUC 191125) 2 Antenna 3 Tyloid 4 Calliscelio latifrons sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 323077), Antenna 5–6 Calliscelio latifrons sp. n., male, paratype (OSUC 323075) 5 Antenna 6 Tyloid 7 Calliscelio alcoa sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 458212), Antenna 8–9 Calliscelio alcoa sp. n., male, paratype (OSUC 458222) 8 Antenna 9 Tyloid 10 Calliscelio longius sp. n., female, paratype (OSUC 193935), Antenna 11–12 Calliscelio longius sp. n., male, paratype (OSUC 193596) 11 Antenna 12 Tyloid. Scale bars in millimeters.

Figures 13–15.

Fore wing, dorsal view 13 Calliscelio gatineau sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 534340) 14 Calliscelio storea sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 546117) 15 Calliscelio laticinctus Ashmead, female (OSUC 458242). Scale bars in millimeters.

Figures 16–21.

16 Calliscelio absconditum sp. n., female, paratype (OSUC 134791), dorsal habitus 17–20 Calliscelio absconditum sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 323924). 17 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 18 Dorsal habitus 19 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 20 Head, anterior view 21 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Etymology

The epithet is used as a noun in apposition derived from the Latin word for hidden, in reference to the obscurity of the occipital carina from dorsal view.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: PARAGUAY: Canindeyú Dept., Jejuí-mí, Bosque Mbaracayú Natural Reserve, 10.I.1997, B. Garcete, OSUC 323924 (deposited in MNHNPY). Paratypes: (59 females, 104 males) BOLIVIA: 7 females, OSUC 534032, 534038, 534040, 534054534055, 534058, 534186 (CNCI). BRAZIL: 11 females, 28 males, OSUC 534520 (CNCI); OSUC 10439, 10444, 10601, 10610, 10653, 110189, 131761, 131787, 131827, 134436, 134786, 134875, 510887, 826 (MZSP); OSUC 10040, 10502, 10557, 10633, 10718, 10949, 110085, 110139, 110159, 110215, 11065, 112, 12321, 130, 131695, 131754, 131816, 131840, 131892, 133022, 133090, 134370, 134681, 134791 (OSUC). PARAGUAY: 41 females, 76 males, OSUC 534107534115, 534559 (CNCI); OSUC 534683, 534695534697, 534699534700, 534702, 534704, 534706534707, 534713534714, 534726534728, 534731534749, 570521570525, 570527570534 (MNHNPY); OSUC 150602150603, 150606, 150610150611, 165099, 176064, 276773276777, 276796, 278657278658, 278661278662, 278664278665, 278668278670, 278673, 278676, 278679, 322990, 323001323003, 323027323029, 323032, 323035, 323920323923, 323925323927, 412079412082, 412085, 534725, 570526, 577174, 577176, 577178577180, 577188577189, 577340, 577343, 577346, 577349577350 (OSUC).

Calliscelio absum Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Figures 22–27

Description

Body length of female: 1.49–2.58 mm (n=20). Body length of male: 1.49–1.60 mm (n=20). Color of head: black throughout; dark brown; orange throughout. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): dark brown to black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: absent. Setation of upper frons: with sparse, short setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: smooth to granulate. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: smooth; coriaceous. Sculpture of posterior vertex: smooth; coriaceous. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: interrupted. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: coriaceous. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: distinctly shorter than A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, as long as wide. Shape of female A6: distinctly wider than long. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: filiform, A11 approximately 2.5× longer than wide. Length of A5 tyloid in male: greater than 0.5× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: orange throughout; black throughout; orange to pale brown. Color of mesosoma in male: orange throughout; dark brown throughout; black throughout. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: smooth. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth throughout; smooth anteriorly, granulate posteriorly. Sculpture of netrion: smooth. Notaulus: abbreviated, at most reaching middle of mesoscutum. Sculpture of mesoscutum: coriaceous. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: smaller than those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: coriaceous; anterior half granulate, posterior half smooth. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin rounded, approximately 3.0× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: with short longitudinal carinae. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: rugose. Dorsal propodeum in female: not excavate medially, lateral propodeal carinae meeting anteromedially. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugose. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: present. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: largely smooth with an oblique carina. Color of legs: pale yellow throughout; white throughout. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: spectral. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: distinctly shorter than r-rs. Length of R1: greater than 3.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: dark brown; orange throughout; yellow throughout. Color of metasoma in male: orange throughout; brown throughout. Horn on T1 in female: absent; weakly developed. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: smooth. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching the middle of T2 medially; reaching posterior margin of T2. Sculpture of T3: smooth; smooth medially, longitudinally striate laterally. Shape of T6 in female: short, wider than long. Sculpture of S3: smooth.

Figures 22–27.

Calliscelio absum sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 190716). 22 Lateral habitus 23 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 24 Dorsal habitus 25 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 26 Head, anterior view 27 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to C. brachys in size and abbreviated notaulus. It may be distinguished from C. brachys in having A4 distinctly shorter than A3, A6 distinctly transverse in the female.

Etymology

The specific epithet is to be treated as a noun in apposition, derived from the Latin for “be away,” and refers to the abbreviated notaulus.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: COLOMBIA: Magdalena Dept., Zaino, M.567, 50m, 11°20'N 74°02'W, Tayrona Natural National Park, 28.VII–14.VIII.2000, Malaise trap, R. Henriquez, OSUC 190716 (deposited in IAVH). Paratypes: (146 females, 106 males) BELIZE: 42 females, 27 males, OSUC 534029 (CNCI); OSUC 185847, 185849185851, 185854, 237727237729, 246215246217, 247494, 342738342741, 397563, 398893, 47953, 47963, 47971, 4804948052, 48054, 64034, 64038, 64041, 64043, 64073, 64077, 64090, 6409664097, 64102, 64109, 64111, 64116, 91676, 91685, 91687, 91689, 91693, 9169591696, 9169991700, 91702, 93079, 93526, 9359093593, 93714, 93735, 93743, 93745, 9404194042, 9404694047, 9408394084, 9408794089 (OSUC). COLOMBIA: 75 females, 59 males, OSUC 557540557545, 557558, 557560, 557574557575, 557586, 557629557632 (CNCI); OSUC 188886, 188888, 189393189394, 189397, 190667190669, 190675190676, 190679, 192201, 192203, 192206192207, 192210, 192212192213, 192217192223, 192382192384, 192391192392, 192395192396, 192398192399, 194186194188, 194190, 194192, 194195 (IAVH); OSUC 170498170502, 189905, 189907189909, 190096, 190099, 190101, 190711190712, 190714, 190717190718, 190993, 191058191060, 191063, 191144, 191240, 191244, 191252, 191264191266, 191269191271, 191277, 191279191280, 191282, 191740, 192208, 192224, 193702193703, 193705, 193771, 193773193776, 193808, 194191, 194197, 194199, 259569259571, 259578, 259580259581, 259584259587, 259590259591, 279453, 279455279459, 364087364089, 369978, 370059, 370061370062, 370065370067 (OSUC). COSTA RICA: 1 female, OSUC 532552 (CNCI). HONDURAS: 12 females, OSUC 399367, 399373, 399383, 399388399390, 399406, 399408, 410435, 410440, 410443, 410447 (MZLU). MEXICO: 7 females, 13 males, OSUC 534463, 534465534470, 534479534482, 534487 (CNCI); OSUC 55922, 55928, 55937, 55949, 576983576986 (OSUC). TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: 2 females, OSUC 546012, 546025 (CNCI). VENEZUELA: 7 females, 7 males, OSUC 545849545850, 545854, 545856545857, 545870, 545900545901, 545975545978, 557666, 557677 (CNCI).

Calliscelio alcoa Chen & Masner, sp. n.

Figures 7–9, 28–33

Description

Body length of female: 2.86–3.10 mm (n=10). Body length of male: 2.42–2.54 mm (n=16). Color of head: orange throughout. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): A7 dark orange, remainder dark brown to black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: absent. Setation of upper frons: with dense, short setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: granulate to finely punctate. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: largely smooth with sparse fine punctures. Sculpture of posterior vertex: densely punctate. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: interrupted. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: smooth. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: distinctly shorter than A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, distinctly longer than wide. Shape of female A6: distinctly longer than wide. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: filiform, A11 approximately 3.0× longer than wide. Length of A5 tyloid in male: approximately 0.3× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: orange throughout. Color of mesosoma in male: orange throughout. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth anteriorly, punctate rugulose posteriorly. Sculpture of netrion: rugulose. Notaulus: percurrent. Sculpture of mesoscutum: densely punctate. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: smaller than those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: smooth with sparse fine punctures. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin somewhat rounded, approximately 4.0× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: rugose anteriorly, smooth posteriorly. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: rugose. Dorsal propodeum in female: deeply excavate medially, with lateral propodeal carinae widely separated, running subparallel to accommodate T1 horn. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugose with one or two longitudinal keels lateral to median keel. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: present. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: smooth. Color of legs: pale yellow throughout. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: nebulose, weakly pigmented. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: approximately as long as r-rs. Length of R1: approximately as long as 2.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: yellow to dark brown. Color of metasoma in male: T3 yellow, otherwise brown to dark brown. Horn on T1 in female: large and distinct. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: densely and transversely striate. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching posterior margin of T2. Sculpture of T3: smooth medially, longitudinally striate laterally. Shape of T6 in female: distinctly elongate, approximately 3.5× longer than wide. Sculpture of S3: largely smooth with sparse and fine punctures.

Figures 28–33.

Calliscelio alcoa sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 458212). 28 Lateral habitus 29 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 30 Dorsal habitus 31 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 32 Head, anterior view 33 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

The medially interrupted occipital carina, densely punctate mesoscutum and densely and transversely striate T1 horn in the female distinguish this species of Calliscelio from all others.

Etymology

The specific epithet refers to the locality on the label of the holotype and should be treated as a noun in apposition.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Pedernales Prov., 25km of Alcoa Road, dry montane forest, Baoruco (Bahoruco) Mountains, 700m, 18.I.1989, L. Masner, OSUC 458212 (deposited in CNCI). Paratypes: DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: 9 females, 16 males, CMNH-486,529 (CMNH); OSUC 458213458232, 458251, 458327458328, 534379 (CNCI).

Calliscelio amadoi Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Figures 34–39

Description

Body length of female: 1.35–2.05 mm (n=20). Color of head: brown throughout; yellow throughout; yellow, becoming darker at vertex. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): A7 orange, remainder dark brown to black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: present. Setation of upper frons: with sparse, long setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: smooth with sparse punctures. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: largely smooth with sparse fine punctures. Sculpture of posterior vertex: largely smooth with sparse fine punctures. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: complete, weakly crenulate throughout. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: smooth. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: distinctly shorter than A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, slightly longer than wide. Shape of female A6: as long as wide.

Color of mesosoma in female: orange throughout; yellow throughout; dark brown. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth anteriorly, granulate posteriorly. Sculpture of netrion: smooth. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: coriaceous. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: as large as those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: smooth with sparse fine punctures. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin straight, approximately 4.0× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: smooth with a longitudinal, median carina. Dorsal propodeum in female: shallowly excavate medially, with lateral propodeal carinae widely separated. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: absent. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: smooth. Color of legs: pale yellow throughout. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: nebulose, strongly pigmented. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: approximately as long as r-rs. Length of R1: greater than 3.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: orange to pale brown; orange throughout; yellow throughout. Horn on T1 in female: large and distinct. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: rugulose; transversely striate. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: present on anterior margin of T2 medially, reaching posterior margin of T2 laterally. Sculpture of T3: smooth with longitudinal submedian striae. Shape of T6 in female: short, approximately 1.5× longer than wide. Sculpture of S3: smooth.

Figures 34–39.

Calliscelio amadoi sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 193589). 34 Lateral habitus 35 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 36 Dorsal habitus 37 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 38 Head, anterior view 39 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to C. levis and C. migma. It may be separated from C. levis by the well-developed T1 horn in the female, from C. migma by having A5 in female slightly longer than wide, and A6 quadrate, whereas both antennomeres are distinctly longer than wide in C. migma.

Etymology

The epithet is used as a genitive noun derived from the name of the collector of the holotype.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: COLOMBIA: Amazonas Dept., Amacayacu Natural N.P., M.840, 150m, 03°46'S 70°18'W, San Martín, 16.IX–24.IX.2000, Malaise trap, B. Amado, OSUC 193589 (deposited in IAVH). Paratypes: (50 females) BRAZIL: 4 females, OSUC 322670, 348261, 371852, 376063 (OSUC). COLOMBIA: 7 females, OSUC 191148, 193587 (IAVH); OSUC 178096, 191040, 259754, 262600, 276046 (OSUC). ECUADOR: 15 females, OSUC 458510, 458533, 534249534251, 553237, 553242553243, 553246, 553406553407, 553530, 553651, 553687 (CNCI); OSUC 534659 (OSUC). FRENCH GUIANA: 10 females, OSUC 458384, 458413, 458421, 458459458460, 458474, 546106546108, 546135 (CNCI). GRENADA: 6 females, OSUC 534255534260 (CNCI). PERU: 5 females, OSUC 553952, 553955, 553967, 554016, 554021 (CNCI). TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: 3 females, OSUC 534601, 534605534606 (CNCI).

Calliscelio armila Chen & Masner, sp. n.

Figures 40–45

Description

Body length of female: 2.12–2.51 mm (n=11). Body length of male: 2.05–2.27 mm (n=13). Color of head: black throughout; dark brown. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: absent. Setation of upper frons: with sparse, long setae. IOS/EH: IOS slightly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: smooth to rugulose. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: largely smooth with sparse fine punctures. Sculpture of posterior vertex: coriaceous. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: weakly developed, irregularly sculptured. Length of OOL: greater than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: coriaceous. Ocular setae: sparse, short. A4 in female: distinctly shorter than A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, as long as wide. Shape of female A6: distinctly wider than long. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: filiform, A11 approximately 3.0× longer than wide. Length of A5 tyloid in male: approximately 0.3× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: variably orange to pale brown. Color of mesosoma in male: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: largely smooth, granulate ventrally and posteriorly. Sculpture of netrion: rugose. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: granulate. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: smaller than those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: granulate. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin straight, approximately 3.5× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: rugose anteriorly, smooth posteriorly. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: rugose. Dorsal propodeum in female: deeply excavate medially, with lateral propodeal carinae widely separated, running subparallel to accommodate T1 horn. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugulose. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugose. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: absent. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: smooth. Color of legs: coxae to femur white, remainder of the legs pale yellow. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: spectral. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: distinctly shorter than r-rs. Length of R1: approximately as long as 2.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: orange to pale brown. Color of metasoma in male: T3–T4 orange, otherwise brown. Horn on T1 in female: large and distinct. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: smooth to rugulose medially, with V-shaped keels laterally. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: present on the anterior margin of T2. Sculpture of T3: smooth. Shape of T6 in female: short, slightly longer than wide. Sculpture of S3: largely smooth with sparse and fine punctures.

Figures 40–45.

Calliscelio armila sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 458342). 40 Lateral habitus 41 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 42 Dorsal habitus 43 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 44 Head, anterior view 45 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to C. latifrons in the female T1 horn, size and habitus but can be easily distinguished by its smooth upper frons and T3.

Etymology

The specific epithet is to be treated as a noun in apposition, derived from the Latin for “bracelet” and refers to the rim on T1 horn.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: HAITI: Sud Dept., Hotte Mts., S slope of Mt. Formon, 31km NW Les Cayes, disturbed forest & fields, 1405m, 18°20'N, 74°01'W, Formond, 7.IX–8.IX.1995, R. Davidson, G. Onore & J. Rawlins, OSUC 458342 (deposited in CNCI). Paratypes: HAITI: 10 females, 13 males, OSUC 458334458341, 458343458357 (CNCI).

Calliscelio bidens Chen & Masner, sp. n.

Figures 46–51

Description

Body length of female: 3.35 mm (n=1). Color of head: brown throughout. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): dark brown to black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: present. Setation of upper frons: with dense, short setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: smooth with sparse punctures. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: granulate to finely punctate. Sculpture of posterior vertex: punctate rugose. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: complete, strongly crenulate throughout. Length of OOL: greater than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: smooth. Ocular setae: sparse, short. A4 in female: as long as A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, distinctly longer than wide. Shape of female A6: distinctly longer than wide.

Color of mesosoma in female: dark brown. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: areolate. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth dorsally, rugulose ventrally. Sculpture of netrion: rugulose. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: densely punctate. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: as large as those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: densely punctate. Shape of metascutellum: posterior marging rounded, approximately 4.0× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: rugose. Dorsal propodeum in female: not excavate medially, lateral propodeal carinae meeting anteromedially. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Median keels on propodeum in female: present. Mesopleural carina: present. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: largely smooth, rugose ventrally. Color of legs: orange yellow. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: nebulose, strongly pigmented. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: distinctly shorter than r-rs. Length of R1: greater than 3.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: dark brown. Horn on T1 in female: absent. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching posterior margin of T2. Sculpture of T3: smooth. Shape of T6 in female: short, slightly longer than wide. Sculpture of S3: smooth.

Figures 46–51.

Calliscelio bidens sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 458326). 46 Lateral habitus 47 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 48 Dorsal habitus 49 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 50 Head, anterior view 51 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to C. rugicoxa with which it shares the characters of the hairy compound eyes and the median keels on propodeum in female. It can be distinguished by its smooth hind coxa and the absence of a T1 horn in the female.

Etymology

The specific epithet means “with two teeth,” refering to the median keels of propodeum of the species and should be treated as a noun in apposition.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: COLOMBIA: Valle del Cauca Dept., 650m, 03°26'N, 76°48'W, Farallones de Cali Natural National Park, 8.V–19.VI.2001, Malaise trap, S. Sarria, OSUC 458326 (deposited in CNCI).

Calliscelio bisulcatus (Kieffer)

Figures 52–57

Baryconus bisulcatus Kieffer, 1910a: 320 (original description, keyed).

Baryconus (Baryconus) bisulcatus Kieffer: Kieffer 1910b: 84 (subgeneric assignment).

Glyptoteleia bisulcata (Kieffer): Kieffer 1926: 487 (generic transfer, description).

Calliscelio bisulcatus (Kieffer): Masner 1976: 38 (description, generic transfer, type information).

Description

Body length of female: 1.75–2.18 mm (n=20). Body length of male: 1.70–2.12 mm (n=20). Color of head: black throughout; dark brown; orange throughout. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): dark brown to black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: absent. Setation of upper frons: with sparse, long setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: smooth with sparse punctures. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: largely smooth with sparse fine punctures. Sculpture of posterior vertex: granulate. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: complete, strongly crenulate throughout. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: granulate. Ocular setae: dense, long. A4 in female: distinctly shorter than A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, as long as wide. Shape of female A6: distinctly wider than long. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: filiform, A11 approximately 2.0× longer than wide. Length of A5 tyloid in male: greater than 0.5× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Color of mesosoma in male: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth throughout. Sculpture of netrion: rugose. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: smooth with sparse punctures. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: as large as those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: smooth with sparse fine punctures. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin straight, approximately 2.0× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: rugose anteriorly, smooth posteriorly. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: rugose. Dorsal propodeum in female: shallowly excavate medially, with lateral propodeal carinae widely separated. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugose. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: present. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: largely smooth with a row of foveae along mesopleural carina. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: smooth dorsally, densely punctate ventrally. Color of legs: orange throughout. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: spectral. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: approximately as long as r-rs. Length of R1: approximately as long as r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Color of metasoma in male: variably orange to pale brown. Horn on T1 in female: present as a small bulge. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: smooth. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching the middle of T2 medially. Sculpture of T3: smooth. Shape of T6 in female: short, slightly longer than wide. Sculpture of S3: smooth.

Figures 52–57.

Calliscelio bisulcatus (Kieffer), female, holotype (CAS Type No. 9590). 52 Lateral habitus 53 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 54 Dorsal habitus 55 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 56 Head, anterior view 57 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is similar to C. punctatifrons in the shape of metascutellum and sculpture of T1 horn in the female but can be distinguished by its largely smooth upper frons, granulate posterior vertex and smaller body size.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female, B. bisulcatus: BRAZIL: PA, no date, Baker, CAS Type No. 9590 (deposited in CASC). Other material: (216 females, 71 males) ARGENTINA: 8 females, 8 males, OSUC 534117534124, 534436, 534440534442 (CNCI); OSUC 63157 (OSUC); OSUC 577254, 577258577259 (UCRC). BELIZE: 14 females, 1 male, OSUC 534192, 534199534200, 534202, 534206534210, 534302534307 (CNCI). BOLIVIA: 6 females, 2 males, OSUC 534027534028, 534044, 534049534053 (CNCI). BRAZIL: 43 females, 23 males, OSUC 534521534522, 557242, 557297, 557299, 557309557310 (CNCI); OSUC 110142, 110175, 110182, 111340, 111379, 111382, 111522, 111527, 111531, 111633, 111693111694, 111697, 111701, 111712111713, 111920, 111922, 111939, 112040, 112070, 112090, 112186, 112453, 112781, 112806, 113027, 12276, 12356, 130739, 130748, 131475, 132140, 132282, 132534, 132690132691, 132717, 133048, 133057, 133124, 134453, 134484, 137972, 138060, 232036, 374721374722, 374726374727, 48518, 48526, 48548, 48563, 48565, 48568, 48573, 55927, 813 (OSUC). COLOMBIA: 2 females, 3 males, OSUC 557536, 557576, 557624557625 (CNCI); OSUC 369977 (OSUC). COSTA RICA: 10 females, 1 male, OSUC 532493, 532618532622, 532646, 532718532719, 532722, 532740 (CNCI). ECUADOR: 34 females, 10 males, OSUC 458496, 458498, 458500, 458503, 458505458506, 458508, 458515, 458529, 534229, 534235, 534239534240, 534242, 553262, 553386553387, 553389, 553399, 553408553410, 553497553499, 553551, 553559, 553594553595, 553622, 553625, 553634553636, 553649553650, 553681, 577329577330, 577335 (CNCI); OSUC 534658, 534660534661, 534672 (OSUC). FRENCH GUIANA: 15 females, OSUC 458392, 458398, 546112, 546119, 546122, 546127546128, 546136546138, 546140546141, 546144546145, 546148 (CNCI). MEXICO: 2 females, OSUC 534459 (CNCI); OSUC 377895 (OSUC). PANAMA: 3 females, OSUC 534083, 534085, 553877 (CNCI). PARAGUAY: 7 females, 18 males, OSUC 185325, 276696, 276729276731, 276901276907, 280295, 323025323026, 323054323055, 323067, 577193577194, 577341, 577354, 583310583311, 583314 (OSUC). PERU: 14 females, 1 male, OSUC 534389 (CNCI); OSUC 323933323937, 323940323943, 323945, 323947, 323949323951 (OSUC). SURINAME: 19 females, OSUC 534562534567, 534570534571, 534573534579, 534582, 553631553633 (CNCI). TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: 22 females, OSUC 545999, 546002546003, 546013, 546027546028, 546050546052, 546057, 546077, 546082, 546086, 546088546089, 546093546096, 546099546100, 553676 (CNCI). URUGUAY: 5 females, OSUC 534610534614 (CNCI). VENEZUELA: 12 females, 4 males, OSUC 545881, 545884, 545887, 545893, 545895, 545897545898, 545942545943, 557648557649, 557651557654 (CNCI); OSUC 55923 (OSUC).

Calliscelio brachys Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Figures 58–63

Description

Body length of female: 1.52–1.85 mm (n=20). Body length of male: 1.45–1.88 mm (n=20). Color of head: orange throughout. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): A7–A9 brown, A10–A12 yellow. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: absent. Setation of upper frons: with sparse, short setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: smooth to coriaceous. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: coriaceous. Sculpture of posterior vertex: smooth; smooth to transversely striate. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: interrupted. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: smooth. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: as long as A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, distinctly longer than wide. Shape of female A6: as long as wide. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: filiform, A11 approximately 3.5× longer than wide. Length of A5 tyloid in male: approximately 0.3× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: orange throughout; orange to pale brown. Color of mesosoma in male: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: smooth. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth throughout. Sculpture of netrion: smooth. Notaulus: abbreviated, at most reaching middle of mesoscutum. Sculpture of mesoscutum: granulate. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: smaller than those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: granulate. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin rounded, approximately 2.5× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: rugulose with a longitudinal, median carina. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: rugose. Dorsal propodeum in female: not excavate medially, lateral propodeal carinae meeting anteromedially. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugose with one or two longitudinal keels lateral to median keel. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: present. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: largely smooth with an oblique carina. Color of legs: orange throughout; pale yellow throughout. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: spectral. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: distinctly shorter than r-rs. Length of R1: greater than 3.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Color of metasoma in male: variably orange to pale brown. Horn on T1 in female: absent. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: present on the anterior margin of T2. Sculpture of T3: smooth. Shape of T6 in female: short, slightly longer than wide. Sculpture of S3: smooth.

Figures 58–63.

Calliscelio brachys sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 193349). 58 Lateral habitus 59 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 60 Dorsal habitus 61 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 62 Head, anterior view 63 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species shares the character of the abbreviated notaulus with C. absum and C. brevinotaulus. It can be separated from C. absum by having A4 as long as A3 in the female and the length of the A5 tyloid in the male is approximately 0.3× length of A5; from C. brevinotaulus it may be distinguished by the absence of the T1 horn in the female.

Etymology

The epithet is derived the Greek word for short, in reference to the abbreviated notaulus, and is intended to be treated as a noun in apposition.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: COLOMBIA: Amazonas Dept., Amacayacu Natural N.P., M.842, 150m, 03°46'S 70°18'W, San Martín, 16.VIII–24.VIII.2000, Malaise trap, B. Amado, OSUC 193349 (deposited in IAVH). Paratypes: (74 females, 26 males) BOLIVIA: 1 female, OSUC 534149 (CNCI). COLOMBIA: 63 females, 24 males, OSUC 557548, 557582 (CNCI); OSUC 152149152150, 152152, 152154, 182229, 182592, 188678, 188682, 188955, 189186, 189190189191, 189193, 189195, 189226, 193282, 193284, 193541, 193570, 193584, 193597, 193903, 231811, 249895, 253463, 259760, 259762, 272083, 272087, 275804275805, 276184, 276236, 276244276245, 279657, 363591, 364075 (IAVH); OSUC 152162, 162499, 162501, 162509, 162584, 162586162587, 162594, 162596, 162599, 162606162607, 162609, 170495, 182596, 182722182723, 182740, 188551, 188941, 188944, 188963, 189183, 189267189268, 189271, 189273, 189279, 191094, 191150, 192353, 192358, 193320193321, 193329, 193338, 193340, 193538, 193598193599, 193814, 231829, 267807, 267962, 280198, 372644372645 (OSUC). ECUADOR: 5 females, 1 male, OSUC 458488, 458497, 458536, 534237, 553561, 577338 (CNCI). PERU: 5 females, 1 male, OSUC 553970, 553972, 554010, 554023554024, 554032 (CNCI).

Calliscelio brevinotaulus Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Figures 64–69

Description

Body length of female: 1.78–2.98 mm (n=20). Body length of male: 1.78–2.41 mm (n=20). Color of head: black throughout; variably orange to dark brown. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): dark brown to black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: absent. Setation of upper frons: with sparse, short setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: transversely rugulose to granulate. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: granulate. Sculpture of posterior vertex: granulate. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: interrupted. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: largely smooth with small granulate area. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: distinctly shorter than A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, as long as wide. Shape of female A6: subquadrate. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: filiform, approximately 2.0× longer than wide. Length of A5 tyloid in male: greater than 0.5× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Color of mesosoma in male: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth throughout; smooth anteriorly, granulate posteriorly. Sculpture of netrion: rugose. Notaulus: abbreviated, at most reaching middle of mesoscutum. Sculpture of mesoscutum: granulate. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: smaller than those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: granulate. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin rounded, 2.5× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: rugose. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: rugose. Dorsal propodeum in female: shallowly excavate medially, with lateral propodeal carinae widely separated. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugose with one or two longitudinal keels lateral to median keel. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: absent. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: largely smooth, rugose ventrally. Color of legs: orange throughout; mid and hind coxae dark brown to black, otherwise yellow throughout. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: spectral. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: distinctly shorter than r-rs. Length of R1: greater than 3.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Color of metasoma in male: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Horn on T1 in female: weakly indicated. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: with V-shaped striae. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching posterior margin of T2. Sculpture of T3: smooth; largely smooth with submedian longitudinal striae. Shape of T6 in female: short, slightly longer than wide. Sculpture of S3: largely smooth with sparse and fine punctures.

Figures 64–69.

Calliscelio brevinotaulus sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 190678). 64 Lateral habitus 65 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 66 Dorsal habitus 67 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 68 Head, anterior view 69 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to C. brachys in color, size and the abbreviated notaulus but can be distinguished by the granulate upper frons and that A4 is shorter than A3.

Etymology

The epithet refers to the short notauli in this species and is intended to be used as a noun in apposition.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: COLOMBIA: Magdalena Dept., Zaino, M.564, 50m, 11°20'N 74°02'W, Tayrona Natural National Park, 14.VIII–30.VIII.2000, Malaise trap, R. Henriquez, OSUC 190678 (deposited in IAVH). Paratypes: (264 females, 99 males) BELIZE: 7 females, 5 males, OSUC 534277, 534279, 534283534284, 534290534292, 534301, 534308, 534310534311, 534313 (CNCI). BRAZIL: 29 females, 1 male, OSUC 348007, 348118, 353716, 363846, 366704366705, 371850, 374564, 374566, 374593, 376520376521, 380186, 577137 (MZSP); OSUC 326244, 347202, 347274, 347666, 347738, 347969, 348098, 349378, 349773, 351396, 351679, 351831351832, 351839351840, 351843 (OSUC). COLOMBIA: 70 females, 61 males, OSUC 557546, 557554, 557559, 557561, 557569557573, 557584, 557621, 557628, 557634557639 (CNCI); OSUC 170449170452, 170497, 170503170504, 170506, 188889, 189906, 189910, 190095, 190097190098, 190100, 190124, 190706190707, 190709, 190986, 190988190989, 190992, 190994, 191057, 191061, 191143, 191739, 191742191743, 191745, 192204, 192211, 192214, 193379, 193701, 193706193709, 193772, 259573, 259583, 269666, 273785, 364080364086, 370058, 370060, 370063370064 (IAVH); OSUC 188887, 188890, 189390189391, 189396, 189398, 190666, 190672190673, 190677, 190680190681, 190683, 191064, 191241191242, 191245, 191247, 191249191250, 191253191258, 191268, 191272191276, 191278, 192202, 192215192216, 192385192390, 192394, 193704, 193778, 194185, 194189, 194194, 194200, 259572, 259574, 259577, 259579, 259582, 259588259589, 279454 (OSUC). COSTA RICA: 52 females, 22 males, OSUC 532464, 532479532486, 532506, 532516, 532518532519, 532523532526, 532532, 532565, 532572532574, 532577532578, 532583, 532585532588, 532590532591, 532602532608, 532611, 532632532634, 532643, 532665532666, 532675532676, 532678532681, 532685, 532687, 532698532700, 532717, 532720532721, 532732, 532734532735, 532737532739, 532751532752, 532756532757, 532788, 532790, 532834, 532919 (CNCI); OSUC 237329 (OSUC). CURAÇAO: 2 males, OSUC 532749532750 (CNCI). ECUADOR: 30 females, OSUC 458501458502, 458532, 458543458544, 534228, 553383553384, 553396, 553398, 553404, 553417, 553483, 553500, 553537, 553548, 553558, 553591, 553593, 553626, 553629, 553637553639, 553679, 553683, 553710, 553712, 553737, 553746 (CNCI). HONDURAS: 4 females, OSUC 534142534144, 534146 (CNCI). MEXICO: 19 females, 4 males, OSUC 533982533997, 534001534003, 534025, 534460, 534488534489 (CNCI). PANAMA: 26 females, 2 males, OSUC 534066534068, 534082, 534084, 534101534102, 553773553775, 553808553809, 553814, 553816, 553820, 553872, 553904, 553919, 553926553927, 553938553940, 553944553947 (CNCI); OSUC 55955 (OSUC). PERU: 1 female, OSUC 554025 (CNCI). SURINAME: 1 female, OSUC 534585 (CNCI). VENEZUELA: 25 females, 2 males, OSUC 532724, 545833545834, 545847545848, 545851, 545864545868, 545879545880, 545899, 545958545959, 545968545973, 557656, 557658, 557673 (CNCI); OSUC 334558, 360696 (OSUC).

Calliscelio brevitas Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Figures 70–75

Description

Body length of female: 1.83–2.88 mm (n=20). Color of head: black throughout; orange throughout; variably orange to dark brown. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): A7 dark orange, remainder dark brown to black; dark brown to black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: present. Setation of upper frons: with sparse, short setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: granulate; smooth with sparse punctures. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: largely smooth with sparse fine punctures. Sculpture of posterior vertex: densely punctate; granulate to rugulose. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: complete, weakly crenulate throughout. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: smooth. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: distinctly shorter than A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, distinctly longer than wide. Shape of female A6: as long as wide.

Color of mesosoma in female: orange throughout; black throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth throughout; largely smooth, granulate ventrally and posteriorly. Sculpture of netrion: smooth; rugose. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: largely coriaceous with dense and fine punctures at poster end. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: as large as those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: smooth with sparse fine punctures. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin straight, approximately 4.0× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: rugose. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: rugose. Dorsal propodeum in female: deeply excavate medially, with lateral propodeal carinae widely separated, running subparallel to accommodate T1 horn. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugose. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: absent. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: smooth; largely smooth, rugose ventrally. Color of legs: pale yellow throughout; coxae pale yellow, otherwise orange to pale brown. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: nebulose, strongly pigmented. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: approximately as long as r-rs. Length of R1: greater than 3.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: variably yellow to pale brown. Color of metasoma in male: brown throughout; reddish brown. Horn on T1 in female: large and distinct. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: transversely striate. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching posterior margin of T2; present on anterior margin of T2 medially, reaching posterior margin of T2 laterally. Sculpture of T3: smooth with longitudinal submedian striae. Shape of T6 in female: distinctly elongate, at least 2.0× longer than wide. Sculpture of S3: densely punctate.

Figures 70–75.

Calliscelio brevitas sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 190705). 70 Lateral habitus 71 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 72 Dorsal habitus 73 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 74 Head, anterior view 75 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to C. laticinctus and C. longius in color, size and habitus. It may be distinguished from them by having A6 quadrate in female, whereas A6 is distinctly longer than wide in C. laticinctus and C. longius.

Etymology

The epithet is used as a noun in apposition derived from the Latin word for shortness, in reference to the shortened A5 and A6.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: COLOMBIA: Magdalena Dept., Zaino, M.567, 50m, 11°20'N 74°02'W, Tayrona Natural National Park, 28.VII–14.VIII.2000, Malaise trap, R. Henriquez, OSUC 190705 (deposited in IAVH). Paratypes: (355 females) BRAZIL: 11 females, OSUC 534537, 534539 (CNCI); OSUC 121827, 252086, 323928, 326208, 348271, 349206, 355169, 376519, 376528 (OSUC). COLOMBIA: 126 females, OSUC 557562557564, 557568, 557581, 557583, 557590, 557592557597, 557603, 557626557627 (CNCI); OSUC 144164, 144230, 162601, 166586, 170369170371, 178098, 178162, 178174, 178192178193, 178195, 190125, 191183, 191206, 191212, 191243, 191248, 191381, 191383, 193128, 193130, 193179, 193193, 193294, 193322, 193326, 193328, 193863193864, 193866193868, 193879, 193906, 193910, 193913, 262616, 267805, 363594, 76997 (IAVH); OSUC 178021, 178191, 182228, 182482, 182754182756, 182762, 188688, 188726, 188730, 188951, 188954, 189176, 189199, 189277, 189282, 189285, 189287, 189291189292, 189297, 190310, 191096, 191098, 191827, 192354192355, 192359, 193166, 193293, 193560, 193563, 193565193566, 193572, 193576, 193689193691, 194196, 202078, 232297232298, 253454253455, 268911, 269217, 269350, 269356, 275800, 275803, 275808, 275811, 279350, 279899, 279903, 279908279909, 279911, 280179, 280181, 280195, 280204280205, 363600, 374718, 377424 (OSUC). COSTA RICA: 133 females, OSUC 532458, 532503, 532535, 532570, 532616532617, 532627532628, 532630532631, 532635, 532637532639, 532660, 532771, 532774, 532784532785, 532825, 532841532845, 532847532848, 532850, 532852532868, 532870532872, 532875532885, 532887532888, 532891532892, 532899532901, 532903532916, 532928, 532935, 532938532940, 532942532949, 534138, 557113557132, 557134557139, 557142557154 (CNCI). ECUADOR: 29 females, OSUC 458494, 553255, 553376, 553440, 553443, 553461, 553469553471, 553473, 553478, 553510553511, 553513553514, 553518, 553524553526, 553540, 553542, 553565, 553568553570, 553590 (CNCI); OSUC 534663, 534668, 534670 (OSUC). FRENCH GUIANA: 25 females, OSUC 458393458397, 458404458405, 458410458411, 458423, 458427, 458444458446, 458462, 458464, 458469, 458472458473, 458478, 458480458481, 546104, 546132, 546149 (CNCI). PANAMA: 17 females, OSUC 534100, 553747, 553756, 553767553770, 553782, 553784, 553810, 553905, 553915, 553924553925, 553930553932 (CNCI). PERU: 12 females, OSUC 534416, 553991, 553993, 554035, 554043, 554047, 554049 (CNCI); OSUC 570539570540, 570546 (OSUC); OSUC 228135, 228191 (USNM). SURINAME: 1 female, OSUC 534583 (CNCI). VENEZUELA: 1 female, OSUC 557696 (CNCI).

Calliscelio carinigena Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Figures 76–81

Description

Body length of female: 1.70–2.46 mm (n=20). Body length of male: 2.00–2.29 mm (n=20). Color of head: black throughout; orange throughout; variably brown to black. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): dark brown to black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: absent. Setation of upper frons: with sparse, long setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: smooth to granulate. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: granulate. Sculpture of posterior vertex: granulate to rugulose above hyperoccipital carina, smooth below. Hyperoccipital carina: present. Occipital carina medially: interrupted. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: with a carina along outer orbit. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: distinctly shorter than A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, as long as wide. Shape of female A6: distinctly wider than long. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: filiform, A11 approximately 3.0× longer than wide. Length of A5 tyloid in male: longer than 0.5× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: orange throughout. Color of mesosoma in male: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth throughout. Sculpture of netrion: smooth. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: granulate. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: smaller than those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: granulate. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin rounded, 2.5× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: rugose. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: rugose. Dorsal propodeum in female: shallowly excavate medially, with lateral propodeal carinae widely separated. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugose. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: present. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: largely smooth, rugose ventrally. Color of legs: orange throughout; pale yellow throughout. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: spectral. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: distinctly shorter than r-rs. Length of R1: greater than 3.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: orange throughout; yellow throughout; T1 horn and T6 pale brown, otherwise orange throughout. Color of metasoma in male: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Horn on T1 in female: weakly developed. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: smooth to somewhat transversely striate. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: smooth medially, longitudinally striate laterally. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching the middle of T2 medially. Sculpture of T3: smooth. Shape of T6 in female: short, wider than long. Sculpture of S3: smooth.

Figures 76–81.

Calliscelio carinigena sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 343907). 76 Lateral habitus 77 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 78 Dorsal habitus 79 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 80 Head, anterior view 81 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to C. crater and C. sfina. It can be separated from C. crater by the presence of a carina along the outer orbit on the postgena rather than large foveae, and from C. sfina by the presence of the hyperoccipital carina.

Etymology

The epithet is a compound noun in reference to the genal carina along the outer orbit. It is intended to be used as a noun in apposition.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: BRAZIL: SP, Pilões Trail, Boracéia Biological Station, pt.4, 23°39'05.0"S 45°53'40.1"W, Salesópolis, 19.X–22.X.2002, yellow pan trap, A. P. Aguiar & J. S. Freitas, OSUC 343907 (deposited in MZSP). Paratypes: (941 females, 591 males) ARGENTINA: 1 female, OSUC 534443 (CNCI). BOLIVIA: 4 females, 1 male, OSUC 534041534043, 534056, 534064 (CNCI). BRAZIL: 929 females, 582 males, OSUC 557167557179, 557182557187, 557189557196, 557210557219, 557221557241, 557244557245, 557247, 557249557253, 557256557281, 557284557295, 557300557308, 557311557317, 557322557324, 557326557336, 557339, 557341, 557343557348, 557350557359, 557363557374, 557378557394, 557396557408 (CNCI); OSUC 577148, 577309577311, 577313, 577379577381, 577384577387, 577389 (MNHN); OSUC 135930, 135955, 136029, 136037, 136420, 136453, 136953, 136964, 137063, 137244, 137263, 137306, 137403, 137408, 137429, 137694137695, 137702, 137711137712, 137740, 137743, 137753, 137762, 137766, 137768, 137771, 137775, 137777, 137806, 137890, 137894, 137912, 137916, 137927, 138530, 138536, 138542138543, 138546, 138693, 138699138701, 138721138722, 138724, 138894, 138987, 139006, 139016, 139029, 150129150152, 150154150155, 150157, 150208150250, 150265150279, 150281150285, 150357, 150371150372, 150393150394, 150419, 237725237726, 318263318266, 318268318276, 318278318280, 318961318963, 319014319021, 319023319027, 319080319139, 319340319348, 319390319400, 320901, 322525322527, 322529322531, 322541322543, 322550322551, 323094323098, 323286, 323308, 323324, 323328, 323336, 343702, 343899343906, 343908343913, 343915343931, 345915345917, 345919, 345922, 345925, 345938, 345945, 345955, 345958345959, 345962345965, 345967345968, 345970345978, 345980345983, 345985345988, 345991, 345997, 346002, 346004346006, 346011346012, 346021, 346056346057, 346059, 346062, 346068, 346072346075, 346095, 346097346099, 346112346113, 349591, 349593, 352850352856, 352859352861, 353270353272, 353870353873, 356331, 356946356947, 356949356950, 356967356969, 356973, 356975, 356982, 357249, 357251, 357253357254, 357259357261, 357264, 357319, 363768363773, 363880, 366659, 371817371823, 371825371827, 372536, 372539, 373870373872, 374591, 374599374621, 375255, 375261, 375288, 375290, 375293, 375296, 376556, 376921, 376959, 377461377465, 377467377480, 377933377959, 377961377968, 377970377977, 378977, 378982378984, 381077381078, 381080381085, 433842, 433844, 433852, 576982, 577005577013, 577034577035, 577048, 577058577059, 577064577066, 577071, 577097, 577100, 577113577115, 577122577124, 577217, 577221577223, 577228577229, 577237577245, 577262577267, 577269577271, 577277577278, 577281577282, 577284577286, 577289, 577294, 583206583208, 583213583225, 583233, 583235, 583240, 583242, 583259583265, 583269, 583281583288, 583293583295, 583297 (MZSP); OSUC 135931, 135938, 135952135953, 135966, 135979, 135989135990, 136007, 136009, 136125, 136128, 136135, 136190, 136192, 136195, 136217, 136225, 136242, 136364136365, 136368, 136370, 136373, 136375, 136379136380, 136392, 136423, 136450, 136511136512, 136519, 136526, 136529, 136535, 136547136548, 136550, 136560, 136567, 136571, 136618, 136628, 136638, 136646, 136648, 136659, 136669, 136696, 136705, 136709, 136735136736, 136760136761, 136785, 136834, 136839136840, 136843, 136849, 136852, 136858, 136864136865, 136874, 136881, 136883, 136892, 136906, 136910, 136913, 136919, 136928, 136933, 136950136951, 136959, 136962, 136967, 136969136970, 136972, 136983, 136986, 136998, 137005, 137008, 137010, 137013, 137017137018, 137027, 137054137055, 137059, 137068137069, 137075, 137079, 137084, 137119, 137134, 137173137174, 137178, 137180, 137185, 137188137189, 137200, 137206, 137212137213, 137223137224, 137227, 137230, 137234137235, 137238, 137241, 137246, 137248, 137250, 137256, 137311, 137314, 137336, 137342, 137344137345, 137349, 137354, 137357, 137361137362, 137368137370, 137372, 137379, 137384, 137393, 137398137401, 137409, 137413, 137419137423, 137428, 137434137435, 137438, 137441137442, 137448, 137455, 137507, 137509, 137523, 137525, 137531, 137533137535, 137543, 137547137549, 137551, 137555, 137564137565, 137573, 137576, 137581, 137587, 137591, 137606137609, 137646, 137649137650, 137653137654, 137656, 137660137661, 137663137664, 137668, 137685, 137718, 137729137730, 137738, 137745, 137788, 137796, 137809, 137822, 137834, 137840, 137849, 137852137853, 137861, 137863, 137865, 137873, 137880, 137886137887, 137889, 137899, 138421, 138426, 138431138432, 138434138435, 138438, 138441138445, 138448138449, 138452, 138455, 138460138462, 138465, 138468138469, 138471, 138473, 138478, 138484, 138489, 138508138509, 138515, 138520138521, 138525, 138553138554, 138560, 138562, 138566138568, 138573, 138575, 138583, 138585138586, 138593, 138597, 138613138615, 138622, 138627, 138631138632, 138636138637, 138639, 138641, 138643, 138647, 138651, 138669138670, 138677138678, 138680, 138682, 138685, 138688, 138691138692, 138705, 138710, 138713, 138715, 138725, 138737, 138739, 138743, 138746, 138749138750, 138753, 138755138757, 138760138761, 138770138771, 138774, 138776, 138783, 138786, 138788, 138791, 138805, 138808, 138813, 138815, 138819, 138821138822, 138824, 138828, 138833, 138841, 138846, 138857, 138873, 138876, 138878, 138880, 138889138890, 138892, 138895138896, 138898, 138900, 138906, 138922, 138925, 138942, 138955, 138958, 138982, 139013, 139015, 139017, 139021, 139065, 139067, 139079139080, 139089, 139091, 139093139094, 139096, 139102, 139106, 139109, 139113, 139117139119, 139121, 139130139131, 139133, 139136139137, 139143, 139146139147, 139152, 139157139159, 139164139166, 139168, 139172, 139175, 139179139180, 150158, 150160150163, 150696150700, 150736150737, 150743, 150964, 150985, 151153151154, 151163, 151189151193, 151216151223, 151225151226, 151247151252, 151254, 151267, 151270151271, 151290151293, 151309, 151344151345, 151368151373, 151384, 151386, 151398151399, 151410, 151452151480, 151488, 151492151494, 151498, 151506, 151517151519, 151526, 151593, 151629151632, 319022, 322988, 323099, 323319, 323526, 334296334298, 343914, 346078, 352843352845, 352847352849, 359023359025, 365999366000, 366656, 367439, 377481, 377960, 378585, 378591378592, 40024, 40036, 40046, 40061, 40071, 40099, 40164, 40175, 40303, 42295, 4230642309, 42312, 42315, 42320, 4232842330, 42334, 42338, 4234242343, 42354, 42361, 4236342364, 4236742368, 42375, 4237842379, 427454, 433823, 433832, 433837, 463268, 463307463308, 510886, 510888, 510893, 5590955921, 5595755997, 577015577016, 577018, 577020, 583270583280, 583298583304, 583306583307, 58793, 61197, 61236, 62250, 62261, 62268, 62284, 62287, 62301, 62312, 62333, 62348 (OSUC). COLOMBIA: 3 males, OSUC 162611, 191322, 191324 (OSUC). ECUADOR: 4 males, OSUC 534673534675, 534679 (OSUC). PARAGUAY: 1 female, 1 male, OSUC 278829, 577183 (OSUC). TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: 2 females, OSUC 546058, 546060 (CNCI). VENEZUELA: 4 females, OSUC 545888, 545891545892, 557655 (CNCI).

Calliscelio crater Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Figures 82–87

Description

Body length of female: 1.74–2.35 mm (n=20). Body length of male: 1.86–2.36 mm (n=20). Color of head: black throughout; variably orange to dark brown. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): dark brown to black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: absent. Setation of upper frons: with sparse, long setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: smooth to granulate. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: granulate. Sculpture of posterior vertex: granulate above hyperoccipital carina, smooth to rugulose below. Hyperoccipital carina: present. Occipital carina medially: interrupted. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: with large foveae. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: distinctly shorter than A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, as long as wide. Shape of female A6: subquadrate. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: filiform, A11 approximately 2.0× longer than wide. Length of A5 tyloid in male: greater than 0.5× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: orange throughout. Color of mesosoma in male: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth anteriorly, granulate posteriorly. Sculpture of netrion: smooth. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: granulate. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: smaller than those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: granulate. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin straight, approximately 2.5× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: rugose. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: rugose. Dorsal propodeum in female: shallowly excavate medially, with lateral propodeal carinae widely separated. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugose. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: absent. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: largely smooth, rugose ventrally. Color of legs: orange throughout. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: spectral. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: distinctly shorter than r-rs. Length of R1: approximately as long as 2.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: orange throughout; T1 horn and T6 pale brown, otherwise orange throughout. Color of metasoma in male: variably orange to pale brown. Horn on T1 in female: present as a small bulge. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: rugose medially, with V-shaped keels laterally. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching the middle of T2 medially. Sculpture of T3: coriaceous; granulate; smooth medially, coriaceous laterally; longitudinally striate throughout. Shape of T6 in female: short, slightly longer than wide. Sculpture of S3: smooth to coriaceous.

Figures 82–87.

Calliscelio crater sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 276803). 82 Lateral habitus 83 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 84 Dorsal habitus 85 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 86 Head, anterior view 87 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is similar to C. carinigena and C. sfina in color, size and habitus, but it can be easily recognized by the large foveae on the postgena (postgena of C. sfina granulate, whereas C. carinigena with a carina along outer orbit).

Etymology

The specific epithet refers to the foveae on the postgena and should be treated as a noun in apposition.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: PARAGUAY: Guairá Dept., Amambay Stream, Pa'i Thermal Waterfall, second growth forest, 221m, 25°44'56"S 56°15'12"W, Melgarejo, 24.III–25.III.2005, yellow pan trap, Garcete, OSUC 276803 (deposited in MNHNPY). Paratypes: (228 females, 322 males) BOLIVIA: 8 females, OSUC 534035534037, 534039, 534057, 534059, 534161, 534165 (CNCI). BRAZIL: 202 females, 276 males, OSUC 534519, 534524, 534546534547, 534621 (CNCI); OSUC 577298, 577305 (MNHN); OSUC 10431, 10463, 10584, 10625, 10833, 10857, 110188, 110198, 131683, 134141, 134350, 134445, 134795, 134802, 134829, 134845, 135140, 135614, 135652-135653, 137956, 137964, 137982, 138015, 138041, 138116, 138181, 147790, 151160, 151162, 232033, 232035, 323264323266, 323269323271, 323273323274, 323276323279, 323281, 323283323285, 323288323291, 323296323297, 323299323301, 323303323304, 323311323316, 323318, 323320, 323322, 323326, 323332323335, 323525, 323529323530, 323533323537, 323539323541, 323543, 323545, 323548, 323550, 323553323557, 323561323562, 323564323565, 323914, 323918, 356945, 357216357223, 357226357228, 357257357258, 357262357263, 357273, 357278, 358790, 358944, 358984, 375277, 375285375287, 375295, 375300, 376550376551, 376553, 376555, 376947376954, 376956376958, 376960376961, 376964, 433819, 510906, 534641534642, 534647, 577019, 577022577031, 577036, 577039577042, 577044577045, 577047, 577049577057, 577062, 577091577093, 577095, 577098, 577102, 577109577112, 577198, 577205577210, 577212577214, 577218577219, 577230577233, 577235577236, 577249577252, 577268, 577276, 577279577280, 577283, 577288, 577290577292, 577295, 583228583229, 583234, 583237583239, 583241, 583243583245, 583267583268 (MZSP); OSUC 10135, 10363, 10467, 10473, 1052310524, 10527, 1057210573, 10581, 10702, 10712, 12201, 12262, 12266, 12325, 131326, 131681, 131720, 131771, 131825, 131923, 131942, 131997, 134140, 134185, 134523, 134565, 134682, 13550, 137264, 137987, 138000, 138479, 13902, 150741150742, 150744, 150746150747, 150749150750, 150956, 150959, 150974, 150984, 151097, 151152, 151155151158, 151161, 151266, 151268151269, 151346, 151383, 151385, 151387, 151401151404, 151416151423, 151485151487, 151549, 159, 187, 206, 216, 323511323512, 323514, 323516, 323523323524, 323912, 323919, 347618347619, 349106, 357241357242, 357247357248, 357250, 357252, 357312357313, 357315357318, 357320, 357323, 357325, 358786358788, 358942, 358974, 358981358983, 358992, 363867, 363869363875, 363877363879, 363883363887, 363889363891, 366657, 366665, 372528, 372530372534, 372538, 372540372544, 375246, 375248375250, 375252, 375254, 375256375260, 375262, 375264375268, 375270375276, 375278375284, 375297, 376552, 376557376564, 376922, 376924376929, 376931376932, 376934, 376936376940, 376944376946, 376965, 477163477164, 48517, 48537, 48543, 48552, 510889510892, 510894510898, 510900, 510905, 534643534645, 534649, 534651534656, 539, 577021, 577046, 712 (OSUC). PARAGUAY: 17 females, 46 males, OSUC 348870, 404893404894, 534698, 534701, 534703, 534705, 534708534712, 534715534719, 577175, 577184577187, 577339, 577348, 577351577353 (MNHNPY); OSUC 577177, 577181577182, 577190, 577342 (MZSP); OSUC 150604, 150608150609, 150612, 185381, 266183, 276794276795, 276797, 276799276802, 277313277314, 278659278660, 278671278672, 278680, 278827, 278831, 280439, 323004, 323030323031, 323033, 323913, 353273, 534729534730 (OSUC). VENEZUELA: 1 female, OSUC 545855 (CNCI).

Calliscelio crena Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Figures 88–93

Description

Body length of female: 2.95–3.51 mm (n=20). Body length of male: 2.24–2.37 mm (n=6). Color of head: black throughout; dark brown. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): dark brown to black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: absent. Setation of upper frons: with sparse, long setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: smooth with sparse punctures. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: largely smooth with sparse fine punctures. Sculpture of posterior vertex: largely smooth with sparse fine punctures. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: complete, strongly crenulate throughout. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: smooth. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: distinctly shorter than A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, distinctly longer than wide. Shape of female A6: as long as wide. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: filiform, A11 approximately 2.0× longer than wide. Length of A5 tyloid in male: greater than 0.5× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: brown. Color of mesosoma in male: brown throughout. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth anteriorly, granulate posteriorly. Sculpture of netrion: rugulose. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: anterior margin rugulose, remainder smooth. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: as large as those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: smooth with sparse fine punctures. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin straight, approximately 4.0× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: rugose. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: rugose. Dorsal propodeum in female: deeply excavate medially, with lateral propodeal carinae widely separated, running subparallel to accommodate T1 horn. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugose with one or two longitudinal keels lateral to median keel. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: absent. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: largely smooth, rugose ventrally. Color of legs: orange throughout; coxae to femurs pale yellow, otherwise orange. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: nebulose, strongly pigmented. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: approximately as long as r-rs. Length of R1: greater than 3.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: dark brown. Color of metasoma in male: brown throughout. Horn on T1 in female: large and distinct. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: transversely striate. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching posterior margin of T2. Sculpture of T3: smooth with longitudinal submedian striae. Shape of T6 in female: distinctly elongate, approximately 3.0× longer than wide. Sculpture of S3: smooth.

Figures 88–93.

Calliscelio crena sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 553462). 88 Lateral habitus 89 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 90 Dorsal habitus 91 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 92 Head, anterior view 93 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to C. brevitas in color, size and habitus but can be distinguished by its strongly crenulate occipital carina and relatively smooth posterior vertex (C. brevitas with occipital carina weakly crenulate, posterior vertex densely punctate).

Etymology

The epithet is used as a noun in apposition derived from the Latin word for notch, in reference to the strongly crenulate occipital carina medially.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: ECUADOR: Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas Prov., 16km SE Santo Domingo de los Colorados, Tinalandia, 680m, 4.V–25.VII.1985, malaise trap/flight intercept trap, S. Peck & J. Peck, OSUC 553462 (deposited in CNCI). Paratypes: (28 females, 6 males) COLOMBIA: 3 females, OSUC 534555, 557567 (CNCI); OSUC 279904 (OSUC). ECUADOR: 25 females, 6 males, OSUC 534227, 553367, 553373, 553382, 553437553439, 553450553451, 553456, 553464553466, 553468, 553547, 553600, 553653, 553669, 553675, 553680, 553692553699, 553705, 553707, 553717 (CNCI).

Calliscelio eboris Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Figures 94–99

Description

Body length of female: 1.83–2.27 mm (n=20). Body length of male: 1.94–2.19 mm (n=20). Color of head: variably pale yellow to brown; reddish orange throughout. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): A7–A9 brown, A10–A12 white; A7 brown, remainder orange. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: present. Setation of upper frons: with sparse, long setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: smooth to coriaceous. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: coriaceous. Sculpture of posterior vertex: transversely striate. Hyperoccipital carina: present. Occipital carina medially: interrupted. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: smooth. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: as long as A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, distinctly longer than wide. Shape of female A6: as long as wide. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: filiform, A11 approximately 3.0× longer than wide. Length of A5 tyloid in male: greater than 0.5× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: variably yellow to pale brown; reddish orange throughout. Color of mesosoma in male: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth throughout. Sculpture of netrion: smooth. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: coriaceous. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: as large as those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: smooth with sparse fine punctures. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin rounded, approximately 3.0× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: smooth with a longitudinal, median carina. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: smooth with longitudinal, median carina. Dorsal propodeum in female: not excavate medially, lateral propodeal carinae meeting anteromedially. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose with one or two longitudinal keels lateral median keel. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugose with one or two longitudinal keels lateral median keel. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: present. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: largely smooth, rugose ventrally. Color of legs: orange throughout; pale yellow throughout. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: spectral. Setae on R: short, decumbent, hardly exceeding the margin of the wing. Length of R: distinctly shorter than r-rs. Length of R1: greater than 3.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Color of metasoma in male: variably orange to pale brown. Horn on T1 in female: absent. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching the middle of T2 medially. Sculpture of T3: smooth. Shape of T6 in female: short, wider than long. Sculpture of S3: smooth.

Figures 94–99.

Calliscelio eboris sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 193404). 94 Lateral habitus 95 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 96 Dorsal habitus 97 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 98 Head, anterior view 99 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to C. brachys and C. suni. It can be separated from C. brachys by the percurrent notaulus, and from C. suni by the spectral Rs+M and the presence of a central keel on the frons.

Etymology

The epithet is used as a noun in apposition derived from the Latin word for ivory, in reference to the white A11–A12 of the female antennae.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: COLOMBIA: Amazonas Dept., Amacayacu Natural N.P., M.84, 150m, 03°41'S 70°15'W, Matamata, 6.IV–15.IV.2000, Malaise trap, A. Parente, OSUC 193404 (deposited in IAVH). Paratypes: (58 females, 26 males) BOLIVIA: 12 females, 5 males, OSUC 534030, 534150534151, 534156534157, 534166534171, 534173534176, 534178534179 (CNCI). COLOMBIA: 30 females, 19 males, OSUC 557578557580 (CNCI); OSUC 143977, 152163, 152166, 162512, 162608, 176895, 189272, 193278, 193324193325, 193327, 193424, 193461, 193932, 269448, 274572, 276241 (IAVH); OSUC 152164, 182227, 182485, 182492182493, 182496, 182591, 182718182720, 182733, 188948, 188959, 188962, 189175, 189205, 189216, 189275, 189283, 189290, 190305190306, 192356, 193583, 193600, 231804, 231821, 272090, 279658 (OSUC). PERU: 11 females, 2 males, OSUC 553953, 553956, 553965, 554055554064 (CNCI). VENEZUELA: 5 females, OSUC 223877223881 (USNM).

Calliscelio elegans (Perkins)

Caloteleia elegans Perkins, 1910: 624 (original description).

Caenoteleia elegans (Perkins): Kieffer 1926: 550 (generic transfer, description).

Calotelea tanugatra Narendran, 1998: 71 (original description, keyed); Rajmohana K. 2006: 122, 123 (description, keyed); Rajmohana, Peter and Narendran 2013: 8 (junior synonym of Calliscelio elegans (Perkins), type information).

Calliscelio elegans (Perkins): Masner, Johnson and Musetti 2009: 61 (description, diagnosis, generic transfer); Rajmohana, Peter and Narendran 2013: 8 (description of male, synonymy).

Description

See Masner et al. (2009) and Rajmohana et al. (2013).

Diagnosis

Callliscelio elegans is easily distinguished within Calliscelio based on the combination of the following characters: fore wing with three darkened and two white bands; head and mesosonotum granulose; metascutellum extremely narrow and weakly concave medially to accommodate T1 horn (Masner et al. 2009).

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Non-type material: (61 females) AUSTRALIA: 1 female, OSUC 256856 (CNCI). BELIZE: 4 females, OSUC 256871256874 (CNCI). BENIN: 3 females, OSUC 256882256884 (CNCI). CHRISTMAS ISLAND: 4 females, OSUC 256857256860 (ANIC). FIJI: 2 females, FBA015304, OSUC 256864 (BPBM). FRENCH POLYNESIA: 8 females, OSUC 256861256863 (CNCI); OSUC 256866256867 (UCDC); UCRC ENT 111562, 135651-135652 (UCRC). GUAM: 1 female, OSUC 256854 (CNCI). INDIA: 3 females, OSUC 256899256901 (CNCI). INDONESIA: 4 females, OSUC 256893256896 (CNCI). IVORY COAST: 2 females, OSUC 256885256886 (CNCI). MADAGASCAR: 2 females, CASENT 2029779, OSUC 215759 (CAS). MAURITIUS: 1 female, MHNG 0002 (MHNG). MEXICO: 5 females, OSUC 256868256870 (CNCI); OSUC 256875 (NMNH); OSUC 583205 (OSUC). NEPAL: 4 females, OSUC 256890256892, 256898 (CNCI). NIGERIA: 1 female, OSUC 256881 (CNCI). PUERTO RICO: 2 females, OSUC 256876256877 (CNCI). SAMOA: 1 female, OSUC 256865 (BPBM). SRI LANKA: 2 females, OSUC 256902256903 (CNCI). THAILAND: 3 females, OSUC 256897, 256907, 321997 (OSUC). UNITED STATES: 3 females, OSUC 256855 (CNCI); OSUC 256878 (NMNH); UCFC 0 079 680 (UCFC). VENEZUELA: 2 females, OSUC 256879256880 (CNCI). YEMEN: 3 females, OSUC 256887256889 (CNCI).

Calliscelio extenuatus Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Figures 100–105

Description

Body length of female: 1.34–1.74 mm (n=20). Body length of male: 1.81 mm (n=1). Color of head: brown throughout; orange throughout; orange to pale brown. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): dark brown to black; A7, A8 brown, A9–A12 white to pale yellow. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: absent. Setation of upper frons: glabrous. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: smooth to coriaceous; smooth to granulate. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: smooth; smooth to granulate. Sculpture of posterior vertex: rugose; granulate to rugulose. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: weakly indicated, irregularly sculptured. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: largely smooth with small granulate area. Ocular setae: sparse, short. A4 in female: distinctly shorter than A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, as long as wide. Shape of female A6: distinctly wider than long.

Color of mesosoma in female: orange throughout; yellow throughout; orange to pale brown. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth throughout. Sculpture of netrion: smooth. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: granulate. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: smaller than those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: granulate. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin rounded, approximately 3.0× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: rugose. Dorsal propodeum in female: not excavate medially, lateral propodeal carinae meeting anteromedially. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: absent. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: largely smooth, rugose ventrally. Color of legs: orange throughout; pale yellow throughout. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: nebulose, weakly pigmented. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: distinctly shorter than r-rs. Length of R1: greater than 3.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown; yellow throughout. Horn on T1 in female: absent. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching the middle of T2 medially; reaching posterior margin of T2. Sculpture of T3: smooth. Shape of T6 in female: short, wider than long. Sculpture of S3: largely smooth with sparse and fine punctures.

Figures 100–105.

Calliscelio extenuatus sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 48454). 100 Lateral habitus 101 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 102 Dorsal habitus 103 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 104 Head, anterior view 105 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to C. ruga and C. suni in size and habitus. It can be separated from C. ruga by the complete occipital carina and the shortened A6, from C. suni by the hairy compound eyes.

Etymology

The epithet is an adjective, the Latin word for faint, weak and reduced, in reference to the weakly indicated occipital carina.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: VENEZUELA: Aragua St., Rancho Grande Biological Station, 1100m, 10°22'N, 67°41'W, Henri Pittier National Park, 10.VIII–13.VIII.1994, flight intercept trap, M. Archangelsky, OSUC 48454 (deposited in OSUC). Paratypes: (170 females, 1 male) COLOMBIA: 1 female, OSUC 279960 (OSUC). COSTA RICA: 1 female, OSUC 237330 (OSUC). TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: 5 females, OSUC 546023, 546097546098, 546101546102 (CNCI). VENEZUELA: 163 females, 1 male, OSUC 545835545846, 545853, 545858545861, 545873545878, 545902, 545905545934, 545938, 545944545947, 545951545954, 545960545967, 545979545990, 557647, 557650, 557661557663, 557709557710 (CNCI); OSUC 146712, 146714, 146716, 146747, 146764, 146768, 146777146778, 146786, 334303334308, 334310334311, 334422334423, 334511, 334514334515, 334520334522, 334524, 334536, 334539, 334542334544, 334546, 334549334551, 45296, 45300, 46280, 46286, 46299, 46532, 46537, 46563, 46580, 48128, 48139, 48146, 48166, 48176, 48315, 48326, 48371, 48387, 48396, 48408, 48426, 48459, 48480, 48492, 48605, 48623, 48628, 48641, 48723, 48839, 48881, 48885, 6389263893, 63905, 63908, 63911, 63917, 64582 (OSUC).

Calliscelio flavicauda Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Figures 106–111

Description

Body length of female: 1.95–1.99 mm (n=20). Body length of male: 1.90–2.05 mm (n=2). Color of head: brown throughout; orange throughout; orange to pale brown. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): dark brown to black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: present. Setation of upper frons: with dense, short setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: granulate. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: smooth; smooth to coriaceous. Sculpture of posterior vertex: granulate to rugulose. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: complete, weakly crenulate throughout. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: largely smooth with small granulate area. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: distinctly longer than A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, distinctly longer than wide. Shape of female A6: distinctly longer than wide. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: filiform, A11 approximately 3.0× longer than wide. Length of A5 tyloid in male: approximately 0.3× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: orange throughout; orange to pale brown; dark brown. Color of mesosoma in male: dark brown throughout. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth throughout. Sculpture of netrion: smooth. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: coriaceous. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: as large as those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: smooth with sparse fine punctures. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin straight, approximately 4.0× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: smooth with a longitudinal, median carina. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: smooth. Dorsal propodeum in female: shallowly excavate medially, with lateral propodeal carinae widely separated. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugose with one or two longitudinal keels lateral to median keel. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: present. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: smooth. Color of legs: hind femur brown, otherwise yellow. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: nebulose, strongly pigmented. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: distinctly longer than r-rs. Length of R1: greater than 3.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: anterior margin of T2 and T6 yellow, otherwise brown. Color of metasoma in male: anterior margin of T2 yellow, otherwise brown to black. Horn on T1 in female: present as a small bulge. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: transversely striate. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: smooth medially, longitudinally striate laterally. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching the middle of T2 medially. Sculpture of T3: smooth. Shape of T6 in female: distinctly elongate, approximately 2.0× longer than wide. Sculpture of S3: largely smooth with sparse and fine punctures.

Figures 106–111.

Calliscelio flavicauda sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 553509). 106 Lateral habitus 107 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 108 Dorsal habitus 109 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 110 Head, anterior view 111 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

Females of this species are most similar to C. migma in size and habitus but can be distinguished by the strongly foveolate scutoscutellar sulcus and the smooth T3. Males of C. flavicauda are similar to C. laticintus and C. longius. It may be separated from C. laticinctus by the smooth T3 and the brown hind femora, from C. longius that A11 is approximately 3.0× longer than wide.

Etymology

The specific epithet meaning “yellow tail” refers to the yellow T6 in female and should be treated as a noun in apposition.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: ECUADOR: Sucumbíos Prov., 270m, 00°30'S, 76°30'W, Sacha Lodge, 3.VII–13.VII.1994, Malaise trap, P. Hibbs, OSUC 553509 (deposited in CNCI). Paratypes: (52 females, 2 males) BRAZIL: 1 female, OSUC 534533 (CNCI). COLOMBIA: 11 females, OSUC 557602 (CNCI); OSUC 143969, 152156152157, 178097, 178184, 182734, 189289, 193281, 193905, 262951 (OSUC). ECUADOR: 22 females, 2 males, OSUC 458499, 458509, 458511, 458535, 534224, 534232, 534234, 553377, 553442, 553506553508, 553512, 553515, 553517, 553520553523, 553562, 553566553567, 553571, 553686 (CNCI). FRENCH GUIANA: 2 females, OSUC 546103 (CNCI); OSUC 570550 (OSUC). PERU: 16 females, OSUC 534417, 534421, 553992, 553994, 554007, 554036, 554038554042, 554044554046, 554050 (CNCI); OSUC 343060 (USNM).

Calliscelio foveolatus Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Figures 112–117

Description

Body length of female: 1.92–2.30 mm (n=10). Color of head: black throughout; reddish orange throughout. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): black; A7 orange, remainder dark brown to black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: absent. Setation of upper frons: with sparse, short setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: smooth with sparse punctures. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: largely smooth with sparse fine punctures. Sculpture of posterior vertex: coriaceous; largely smooth with irregular fine sculpture. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: complete, weakly crenulate throughout. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter; greater than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: smooth. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: distinctly shorter than A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, distinctly longer than wide. Shape of female A6: slightly longer than wide.

Color of mesosoma in female: orange throughout; black throughout; variably yellow to pale brown. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth throughout. Sculpture of netrion: smooth. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: coriaceous; coriaceous anteriorly, smooth with sparse fine punctures posteriorly. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: as large as those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: smooth with sparse fine punctures. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin straight, approximately 4.0× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: smooth with a longitudinal, median carina. Dorsal propodeum in female: not excavate medially, lateral propodeal carinae meeting anteromedially. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: present. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: smooth. Color of legs: pale yellow throughout. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: nebulose, strongly pigmented. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: approximately as long as r-rs. Length of R1: greater than 3.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: dark brown. Horn on T1 in female: weakly developed. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: smooth. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching the middle of T2 medially. Sculpture of T3: smooth with longitudinal submedian striae. Shape of T6 in female: short, slightly longer than wide. Sculpture of S3: largely smooth with sparse and fine punctures.

Figures 112–117.

Calliscelio foveolatus sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 532869). 112 Lateral habitus 113 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 114 Dorsal habitus 115 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 116 Head, anterior view 117 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to C. levis but can be distinguished by the foveolae of the scutoscutellar sulcus between the notauli which are as large as those along the margin of axilla and that A4 is distinctly shorter than A3.

Etymology

The epithet is an adjective, derived from the Latin word for small hole, in reference to the sculpture of the scutoscutellar sulcus.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: COSTA RICA: Puntarenas Prov., 24km W Piedras Blancas, Golfo Dulce, 200m, VI.1989–VIII.1989, Hanson & Goulet, OSUC 532869 (deposited in CNCI). Paratypes: (9 females) BOLIVIA: 1 female, OSUC 534177 (CNCI). COSTA RICA: 2 females, OSUC 532802, 532846 (CNCI). ECUADOR: 1 female, OSUC 553581 (CNCI). PERU: 4 females, OSUC 534393534394, 534402, 553989 (CNCI). VENEZUELA: 1 female, OSUC 545903 (CNCI).

Calliscelio gatineau Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Figures 13, 118–123

Description

Body length of female: 2.97 mm (n=1). Color of head: orange throughout. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): dark brown to black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: absent. Setation of upper frons: with sparse, short setae. IOS/EH: IOS slightly greater than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: smooth with sparse punctures. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: granulate to finely punctate. Sculpture of posterior vertex: granulate. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: complete, weakly crenulate throughout. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: granulate. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: distinctly shorter than A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, as long as wide. Shape of female A6: distinctly wider than long.

Color of mesosoma in female: orange throughout. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: rugulose throughout. Sculpture of netrion: rugose. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: granulate. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: absent. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: granulate. Shape of metascutellum: posterior somewhat rounded, approximately 2.5× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: rugose. Dorsal propodeum in female: shallowly excavate medially, with lateral propodeal carinae widely separated. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: absent. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: smooth. Color of legs: orange throughout. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: spectral. Setae on R: short, decumbent, hardly exceeding the margin of the wing. Length of R: distinctly shorter than r-rs. Length of R1: approximately as long as r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: orange throughout. Horn on T1 in female: present as a small bulge. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: granulate medially, with V-shaped keels laterally. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching posterior margin of T2. Sculpture of T3: longitudinally striate throughout. Shape of T6 in female: short, wider than long. Sculpture of S3: longitudinally striate.

Figures 118–123.

Calliscelio gatineau sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 534340). 118 Lateral habitus 119 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 120 Dorsal habitus 121 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 122 Head, anterior view 123 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to the orange females of C. rubriclavus but can be distinguished based on the smooth sculpture of the mesepisternum below the mesopleural depression and the medially granulate T1 horn , with V-shaped keels laterally.

Etymology

The specific epithet refers to the locality on the label of the holotype and should be treated as a noun in apposition.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: CANADA: QC, path/ridge/woodpile, Gatineau Park, IX–XI.1995, L. Masner, OSUC 534340 (deposited in CNCI).

Calliscelio glaber Chen & Masner, sp. n.

Figures 124–129

Description

Body length of female: 1.79–2.17 mm (n=20). Body length of male: 1.80–2.36 mm (n=20). Color of head: brown throughout; orange throughout; orange to pale brown. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): dark brown to black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: absent. Setation of upper frons: glabrous. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: smooth. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: smooth. Sculpture of posterior vertex: smooth. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: interrupted. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: smooth. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: distinctly shorter than A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, distinctly longer than wide. Shape of female A6: as long as wide. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: filiform, A11 approximately 3.0× longer than wide. Length of A5 tyloid in male: approximately 0.3× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: orange throughout; orange to pale brown. Color of mesosoma in male: orange throughout. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth anteriorly, punctate rugulose posteriorly. Sculpture of netrion: smooth. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: smooth throughout. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: absent. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: smooth throughout. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin rounded, approximately 2.5× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: smooth. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: smooth. Dorsal propodeum in female: shallowly excavate medially, with lateral propodeal carinae widely separated. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugose. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: absent. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: smooth. Color of legs: orange yellow. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: spectral. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: approximately as long as r-rs. Length of R1: approximately as long as 2.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: orange throughout. Color of metasoma in male: orange throughout. Horn on T1 in female: present as a small bulge. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: concentrically striate. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching posterior margin of T2. Sculpture of T3: largely smooth with submedian longitudinal striae. Shape of T6 in female: short, slightly longer than wide. Sculpture of S3: largely smooth with sparse and fine punctures.

Figures 124–129.

Calliscelio glaber sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 458136). 124 Lateral habitus 125 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 126 Dorsal habitus 127 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 128 Head, anterior view 129 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to C. paraglaber in smooth body sculpture and size but can be distinguished by the interrupted occipital carina (occipital carina complete in C. paraglaber).

Etymology

The epithet is an adjective and Latin word for smooth, in reference to the smooth body surface.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Pedernales Prov., km25 of Alcoa Road, dry montane forest, Baoruco (Bahoruco) Mountains, 700m, 18.I.1989, L. Masner, OSUC 458136 (deposited in CNCI). Paratypes: (27 females, 20 males) CUBA: 2 females, 1 male, OSUC 458145458146, 458241 (CNCI). DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: 25 females, 19 males, OSUC 458137458144, 458147458176, 534372534373, 534376, 534594534596 (CNCI).

Calliscelio granulatus Chen & Masner, sp. n.

Figures 130–135

Description

Body length of female: 2.31–2.53 mm (n=8). Body length of male: 2.24–2.26 mm (n=4). Color of head: orange throughout. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): dark brown to black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: absent. Setation of upper frons: with dense, short setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: granulate. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: granulate. Sculpture of posterior vertex: granulate. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: complete, weakly crenulate throughout. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: granulate. Ocular setae: dense, short. A4 in female: distinctly shorter than A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, as long as wide. Shape of female A6: distinctly wider than long. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: filiform, A11 approximately 3.0× longer than wide. Length of A5 tyloid in male: greater than 0.5× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: orange throughout. Color of mesosoma in male: orange throughout. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: largely smooth, granulate ventrally and posteriorly. Sculpture of netrion: rugulose. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: granulate. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: smaller than those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: granulate. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin straight, approximately 4.0× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: rugose. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: rugose. Dorsal propodeum in female: deeply excavate medially, with lateral propodeal carinae widely separated, running subparallel to accommodate T1 horn. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugose. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: present. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: smooth. Color of legs: orange yellow. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: nebulose, weakly pigmented. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: distinctly shorter than r-rs. Length of R1: approximately as long as 2.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: orange with pale brown patch on T1, T2 and T6. Color of metasoma in male: orange with pale brown patch on T2 and T5–T7. Horn on T1 in female: large and distinct. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: longitudinally striate. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching the middle of T2 medially; reaching posterior margin of T2. Sculpture of T3: smooth. Shape of T6 in female: distinctly elongate, approximately 2.0× longer than wide. Sculpture of S3: smooth.

Figures 130–135.

Calliscelio granulatus sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 534599). 130 Lateral habitus 131 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 132 Dorsal habitus 133 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 134 Head, anterior view 135 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to C. telum in hairy compound eyes and habitus but can be distinguished by its rugulose netrion and longitudinally striate T1 horn.

Etymology

The adjectival specific epithet refers to the sculpture of the body.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: CUBA: Santiago de Cuba Prov., botanical garden/disturbed and scrub forest, Santiago de Cuba, 5–50m, 5.XII–17.XII.1995, flight intercept trap, S. Peck, OSUC 534599 (deposited in CNCI). Paratypes: CUBA: 7 females, 4 males, OSUC 458304458314 (CNCI).

Calliscelio laticinctus Ashmead

Figures 15, 136–141

Calliscelio laticinctus Ashmead, 1893: 219 (original description); Ashmead 1894: 223 (redescribed as new); Ashmead 1900: 327 (distribution); Kieffer 1926: 499 (description, keyed); Masner 1976: 38 (description, type information).

Description

Body length of female: 1.97–3.01 mm (n=20). Body length of male: 1.82–2.34 mm (n=20). Color of head: yellow throughout. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: present. Setation of upper frons: with dense, short setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: granulate. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: coriaceous. Sculpture of posterior vertex: granulate. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: complete, weakly crenulate throughout. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: smooth. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: as long as A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, distinctly longer than wide. Shape of female A6: distinctly longer than wide. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: filiform, A11 approximately 3.0× longer than wide. Length of A5 tyloid in male: approximately 0.3× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: yellow throughout. Color of mesosoma in male: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown; brown throughout. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth throughout. Sculpture of netrion: smooth. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: granulate. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: as large as those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: granulate. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin straight, approximately 4.0× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: rugose. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: rugose. Dorsal propodeum in female: deeply excavate medially, with lateral propodeal carinae widely separated, running subparallel to accommodate T1 horn. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugose. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: absent. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: smooth. Color of legs: orange throughout; pale yellow throughout. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: nebulose, weakly pigmented. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: distinctly longer than r-rs. Length of R1: greater than 3.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: dark brown; orange throughout; variably orange to black. Color of metasoma in male: brown throughout; variably yellow to pale brown; black throughout. Horn on T1 in female: large and distinct. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: concentrically striate. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: present on anterior margin of T2 medially, reaching posterior margin of T2 laterally. Sculpture of T3: largely smooth with submedian longitudinal striae. Shape of T6 in female: distinctly elongate, approximately 2.5× longer than wide. Sculpture of S3: largely smooth with sparse and fine punctures.

Figures 136–141.

Calliscelio laticinctus Ashmead, female, syntype (USNMENT01059105). 136 Lateral habitus 137 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 138 Dorsal habitus 139 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 140 Head, anterior view 141 Specimen labels. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

Females of this species are most similar to C. longius and C. prolixus in color, size and habitus. It can be separated from C. longius by A4 is slightly longer than A3 and A5 shorter than A3, from C. prolixus by the presence of T1 horn and the elongate T6. Males of C. laticinctus are similar to C. flavicauda and C. longius. It may be separated from C. flavicauda by T3 with submedian longitudinal striae and the brown hind femora, from C. longius by A11 is approximately 3.0× longer than wide.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Syntype, female, C. laticinctus: SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES: Saint Vincent Island, no date, H. H. Smith, USNMENT01059105 (deposited in USNM). Syntype, female, C. laticinctus: SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES: Saint Vincent Island, no date, H. H. Smith, USNMENT01059354 (deposited in USNM). Other material: (323 females, 44 males) BRAZIL: 162 females, 32 males, OSUC 534536, 534538 (CNCI); OSUC 252092, 252094, 252097, 252105252106, 252137, 252139, 252145, 254591, 322151, 322535322537, 322539, 322548, 322557, 322720, 323005, 323007, 323080323081, 323083323084, 323086323090, 323092323093, 323959, 326149, 326194, 326220, 326222, 326235, 343696, 344403, 344481, 345098, 345119, 345205, 345207, 345333, 346169, 346870, 347431, 347438, 347452, 347482, 348267, 348488, 348496, 348669, 348677, 348992, 349017, 349024, 349191, 349194, 349196, 349198, 349513, 349780, 349782, 351241, 352056, 352061352062, 352066352067, 352071, 352249, 352359, 352799, 353038353039, 353176, 354567, 354919, 355162, 355324355328, 357042, 361705, 363838, 363840363842, 363845, 363847, 366692, 366711, 366780, 366782, 366807, 366943, 368420, 370883370886, 370888370889, 370891, 370893370896, 370899, 370906, 370929, 373762, 373770, 374565, 374567, 374575, 374586374587, 374592, 374597, 374623374630, 374737, 374742, 375308, 375310, 375315, 376518, 376524, 376976, 376978376979, 376981376982, 376985376988, 377482377491, 377494, 377504, 378011378013, 378052, 378065, 378069, 378975378976, 380179, 380183380185, 380187380189, 380193, 477165, 534688534691, 55934, 55941, 55943, 577134, 577156, 577159, 577161, 583248583249 (OSUC); OSUC 225355, 237645 (USNM). COLOMBIA: 39 females, 1 male, OSUC 534554, 557600557601, 557641 (CNCI); OSUC 152155, 162597, 178015, 178205, 182484, 188778, 189200, 189211, 190987, 190990190991, 191141, 191180, 191251, 192205, 192209, 193353, 193462193463, 193547, 232296, 232303, 259575259576, 259757, 262613, 267804, 269431, 272086, 274573, 274973, 276235, 279926, 279929, 363586, 364067 (OSUC). DOMINICA: 5 females, 1 male, OSUC 458242458243, 458245458248 (CNCI). ECUADOR: 4 females, OSUC 458237, 553441, 553477, 557140 (CNCI). FRENCH GUIANA: 31 females, 1 male, OSUC 458388, 458400458401, 458412, 458434458435, 458437, 458441458443, 458449458453, 458455, 458461, 458463, 458465458468, 458470, 458475458477, 458479, 546105, 546111, 546139, 546150 (CNCI); OSUC 570551 (OSUC). GRENADA: 2 females, OSUC 534253534254 (CNCI). GUYANA: 11 females, OSUC 458236, 458252458261 (CNCI). PANAMA: 2 females, OSUC 553757, 553771 (CNCI). PERU: 2 females, OSUC 534422, 534426 (CNCI). SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES: 1 female, OSUC 458244 (CNCI). SURINAME: 2 females, OSUC 534584, 534586 (CNCI). VENEZUELA: 62 females, 9 males, OSUC 534314534339, 545956, 557659557660, 557667, 557681, 557683, 557685557695, 557698 (CNCI); OSUC 146713, 146715, 146741, 146760, 334309, 334312, 334344, 334347334348, 334438, 334513, 334516, 334527, 334538, 334552, 360647, 360650, 360738, 367061367062, 48118, 48901, 576990576992, 64571, 79763 (OSUC).

Calliscelio latifrons Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Figures 4–6, 142–147

Description

Body length of female: 1.85–2.50 mm (n=11). Body length of male: 1.70–2.05 mm (n=10). Color of head: black throughout. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): dark brown to black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: absent. Setation of upper frons: with sparse, short setae. IOS/EH: IOS slightly greater than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: granulate. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: granulate. Sculpture of posterior vertex: granulate. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: complete, weakly crenulate throughout. Length of OOL: greater than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: granulate. Ocular setae: sparse, short. A4 in female: distinctly shorter than A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, as long as wide. Shape of female A6: as long as wide. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: moniliform, A11 as long as wide. Length of A5 tyloid in male: greater than 0.5× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: black throughout; orange to pale brown. Color of mesosoma in male: dark brown throughout. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: granulate. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: granulate throughout. Sculpture of netrion: rugulose. Notaulus: percurrent; abbreviated, at most reaching middle of mesoscutum. Sculpture of mesoscutum: granulate. Shape of mesoscutellum: transverse. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: absent. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: granulate. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin straight, approximately 4.0× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: granulate. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: granulate. Dorsal propodeum in female: deeply excavate medially, with lateral propodeal carinae widely separated, running subparallel to accommodate T1 horn. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugose. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: present. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: granulate. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: smooth dorsally, granulate ventrally. Color of legs: orange throughout. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: spectral. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: distinctly shorter than r-rs. Length of R1: approximately as long as 2.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: variably orange to pale brown. Color of metasoma in male: variably orange to pale brown; pale brown throughout. Horn on T1 in female: present as a small bulge. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: granulate. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: striate rugose. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally rugose. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching posterior margin of T2. Sculpture of T3: smooth medially, longitudinally striate laterally. Shape of T6 in female: short, slightly longer than wide. Sculpture of S3: granulate.

Figures 142–147.

Calliscelio latifrons sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 323077). 142 Lateral habitus 143 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 144 Dorsal habitus 145 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 146 Head, anterior view 147 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to C. armila but can be easily distinguished by the granulate upper frons and the longitudinally striate T3.

Etymology

The epithet is a compound noun in apposition referring to the wide IOS.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: PARAGUAY: Presidente Hayes Dept., 151m, 23°48'S 60°46'W, Escalante Lagoon, 27.XI.2003, yellow pan trap, B. Garcete, OSUC 323077 (deposited in MNHNPY). Paratypes: (10 females, 10 males) ARGENTINA: 2 females, OSUC 534438534439 (CNCI). BRAZIL: 1 female, OSUC 534517 (CNCI). PARAGUAY: 7 females, 10 males, OSUC 322992, 363637, 534686534687 (MNHNPY); OSUC 150574150575, 276703, 322991, 322993, 323075323076, 323078, 363707, 363711363712, 434082434083 (OSUC).

Calliscelio levis Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Figures 148–153

Description

Body length of female: 1.52–1.77 mm (n=13). Color of head: variably brown to black. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): A7 orange, remainder dark brown to black; A7 dark brown, A8–A12 golden yellow. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: absent. Setation of upper frons: with sparse, short setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: smooth with sparse punctures. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: smooth. Sculpture of posterior vertex: coriaceous. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: complete, weakly crenulate throughout. Length of OOL: greater than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: smooth. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: as long as A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, distinctly longer than wide. Shape of female A6: distinctly longer than wide.

Color of mesosoma in female: orange throughout; variably yellow to pale brown. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth throughout. Sculpture of netrion: rugulose. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: coriaceous. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: smaller than those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: smooth with sparse fine punctures. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin somewhat rounded, approximately 3.5× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: smooth. Dorsal propodeum in female: not excavate medially, lateral propodeal carinae meeting anteromedially. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: present. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: largely smooth, rugose ventrally. Color of legs: orange yellow. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: nebulose, strongly pigmented. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: approximately as long as r-rs. Length of R1: greater than 3.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: variably yellow to pale brown. Horn on T1 in female: weakly developed. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: smooth. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: present on anterior margin of T2 medially, reaching posterior margin of T2 laterally. Sculpture of T3: smooth; smooth with longitudinal submedian striae. Shape of T6 in female: short, subtriangular. Sculpture of S3: smooth.

Figures 148–153.

Calliscelio levis sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 553454). 148 Lateral habitus 149 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 150 Dorsal habitus 151 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 152 Head, anterior view 153 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to C. foveolatus but can be distinguished because the foveolae of the scutoscutellar sulcus between the notauli are smaller than those along the margin of the axilla and A4 is as long as A3.

Etymology

The epithet is an adjective, Latin word for smooth, polished and bald, in reference to the smooth T3.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: ECUADOR: Napo Prov., Baeza, 2000m, 20.II–25.II.1979, Malaise trap, W. Mason, OSUC 553454 (deposited in CNCI). Paratypes: (12 females) ECUADOR: 10 females, OSUC 458530458531, 553452, 553455, 553484, 553573, 553579553580, 553582, 553691 (CNCI). PERU: 2 females, OSUC 534395, 534415 (CNCI).

Calliscelio longius Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Figures 10–12, 154–159

Description

Body length of female: 2.23–2.97 mm (n=20). Body length of male: 1.86–1.91 mm (n=3). Color of head: black throughout; orange throughout; variably brown to black; variably orange to dark brown. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: present. Setation of upper frons: with dense, short setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: granulate. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: coriaceous; smooth to coriaceous. Sculpture of posterior vertex: granulate. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: complete, weakly crenulate throughout. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: smooth. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: distinctly longer than A3. A5 in female: longer than A3, distinctly longer than wide. Shape of female A6: length distinctly greater than width. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: filiform, A11 approximately 4.5× longer than wide. Length of A5 tyloid in male: approximately 0.3× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: orange throughout; black throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Color of mesosoma in male: brown throughout; black throughout. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth throughout. Sculpture of netrion: smooth. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: coriaceous; granulate. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: as large as those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: smooth with sparse fine punctures. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin straight, approximately 4.0× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: smooth with a longitudinal, median carina. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: rugose. Dorsal propodeum in female: deeply excavate medially, with lateral propodeal carinae widely separated, running subparallel to accommodate T1 horn. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugose with one or two longitudinal keels lateral to median keel. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: present. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: smooth. Color of legs: orange yellow; hind femur brown, otherwise yellow. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: nebulose, strongly pigmented. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: distinctly longer than r-rs. Length of R1: greater than 3.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: dark brown; orange throughout; variably orange to black. Color of metasoma in male: brown throughout; variably yellow to pale brown; black throughout. Horn on T1 in female: large and distinct. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: transversely striate; smooth to somewhat transversely striate. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching posterior margin of T2; present on anterior margin of T2 medially, reaching posterior margin of T2 laterally. Sculpture of T3: smooth; smooth with longitudinal submedian striae. Shape of T6 in female: distinctly elongate, approximately 3.5× longer than wide. Sculpture of S3: largely smooth with sparse and fine punctures.

Figures 154–159.

Calliscelio longius sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 374730). 154 Lateral habitus 155 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 156 Dorsal habitus 157 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 158 Head, anterior view 159 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

The females of this species are most similar to C. laticinctus and C. prolixus in color, size and habitus. It can be separated from C. laticinctus by A4 distinctly longer than A3 and A5 longer than A3, from C. prolixus by the presence of T1 horn and the elongate T6.

Etymology

The epithet is an adjective, the Latin word for longer, in reference to A5 longer than A3.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: COLOMBIA: Nariño Dept., Permanent Parcel, M.918, 1885m, 01°15'N 78°15'W, La Planada Nature Reserve, 16.VIII–2.IX.2000, Malaise trap, G. Oliva, OSUC 374730 (deposited in IAVH). Paratypes: (102 females, 3 males) BRAZIL: 3 females, OSUC 534528534529, 534532 (CNCI). COLOMBIA: 62 females, 1 male, OSUC 557598 (CNCI); OSUC 152153, 152158152159, 162497, 162588162589, 162600, 178167, 178187, 178190, 182483, 182735, 182749182751, 188924, 188926, 188947, 188952, 188956, 188958, 189208, 189212, 189293, 189300, 190935, 191037191038, 191041, 191301, 191305, 191316, 191318, 193200, 193299, 193319, 193544, 193561193562, 193567193569, 193581193582, 193596, 193685193686, 193832, 193841, 193915, 193935, 262614262615, 274571, 274574, 275802, 276238, 372641, 374729, 374731374732, 377427 (OSUC). ECUADOR: 18 females, 1 male, OSUC 458238, 458487, 553371, 553436, 553444553445, 553463, 553467, 553474, 553476, 553519, 553527, 553538, 553546, 553596, 553606, 553678, 553690, 557141 (CNCI). PERU: 17 females, 1 male, OSUC 534406, 534413, 534423534425, 553964, 554034, 554037, 554048, 554051, 554054 (CNCI); OSUC 323931 (OSUC); OSUC 228066228067, 228070, 228134, 231999, 343061 (USNM). VENEZUELA: 2 females, OSUC 557699557700 (CNCI).

Calliscelio magnificus Chen & Masner, sp. n.

Figures 160–165

Description

Body length of female: 2.85–3.88 mm (n=19). Body length of male: 2.86–3.00 mm (n=7). Color of head: dark brown; orange to pale brown. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): dark brown to black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: present. Setation of upper frons: with sparse, short setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: smooth to rugulose. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: smooth; coriaceous. Sculpture of posterior vertex: granulate. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: complete, weakly crenulate throughout. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: largely smooth with small granulate area. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: distinctly longer than A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, distinctly longer than wide. Shape of female A6: length distinctly greater than width. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: filiform, A11 approximately 3.5× longer than wide. Length of A5 tyloid in male: approximately 0.3× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: variably orange to pale brown. Color of mesosoma in male: variably orange to pale brown. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth throughout. Sculpture of netrion: smooth. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: granulate. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: smaller than those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: smooth with sparse fine punctures. Shape of metascutellum: broad, short. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: smooth with a longitudinal, median carina. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: smooth. Dorsal propodeum in female: deeply excavate medially, with lateral propodeal carinae widely separated, running subparallel to accommodate T1 horn. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugose with one or two longitudinal keels lateral median keel. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: present. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: smooth. Color of legs: orange yellow; pale brown. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: nebulose, strongly pigmented. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: approximately as long as r-rs. Length of R1: greater than 3.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: variably orange to pale brown. Color of metasoma in male: variably orange to pale brown. Horn on T1 in female: large and distinct. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: smooth. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: present on anterior margin of T2 medially, reaching posterior margin of T2 laterally. Sculpture of T3: smooth with longitudinal submedian striae. Shape of T6 in female: distinctly elongate, approximately 3.0× longer than wide. Sculpture of S3: largely smooth with sparse and fine punctures.

Figures 160–165.

Calliscelio magnificus sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 458272). 160 Lateral habitus 161 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 162 Dorsal habitus 163 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 164 Head, anterior view 165 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

The females of this species are easily distinguished from other Calliscelio species by the combination of large and smooth T1 horn, elongate T6 and large body size. The males are most similar to C. flavocauda, C. laticinctus and C. longius but can be separated by the smooth metascutellum.

Etymology

The specific epithet is to be treated as a noun in apposition, derived from the Latin for “splendid” and refers to our impression of this species.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: PERU: Huánuco Reg., 39km NE Tingo Maria, Azul Range, 1700m, 11.I–14.I.1983, Newton & Thayer, OSUC 458272 (deposited in CNCI). Paratypes: (20 females, 8 males) COSTA RICA: 2 females, OSUC 532663, 532746 (CNCI). ECUADOR: 1 female, OSUC 553449 (CNCI). PERU: 13 females, 8 males, OSUC 458263458264, 458266458271, 458273458284, 534405 (CNCI). VENEZUELA: 4 females, OSUC 458233458235, 557668 (CNCI).

Calliscelio migma Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Figures 166–171

Description

Body length of female: 1.34–2.16 mm (n=20). Body length of male: 1.43–1.94 mm (n=20). Color of head: yellow throughout; orange throughout. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): dark brown to black; A7, A8 brown, A9–A12 white to pale yellow. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: absent. Setation of upper frons: with dense, short setae; with sparse, short setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: smooth to granulate. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: smooth; granulate. Sculpture of posterior vertex: smooth; granulate to rugulose. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: weakly indicated, irregularly sculptured. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter; greater than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: smooth. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: distinctly longer than A3. Shape of female A5: length distinctly greater than width. Shape of female A6: length distinctly greater than width. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: thread-like, length at least 4.0× greater than width. Length of A5 tyloid in male: approximately 0.3× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: orange throughout; yellow throughout. Color of mesosoma in male: orange throughout; yellow throughout. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose; smooth. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth throughout. Sculpture of netrion: smooth. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: smooth with sparse punctures; coriaceous. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Scutoscutellar sulcus medially: weakly foveolate. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: smooth with sparse fine punctures; coriaceous. Shape of metascutellum: broad, short. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: smooth; rugose. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: rugose; smooth. Dorsal propodeum in female: shallowly excavate medially, with lateral propodeal carinae widely separated. Sculpture of lateral propodeal area in female: rugose. Sculpture of lateral propodeal area in male: rugose with one or two longitudinal keels lateral to median keel; longitudinally striate. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: absent. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: smooth; largely smooth, rugose ventrally. Color of legs: orange throughout; pale yellow throughout. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: nebulose, strongly pigmented. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: approximately as long as r-rs. Length of R1: greater than 3.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: orange throughout; yellow throughout. Color of metasoma in male: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Horn on T1 in female: large and distinct; present as a small bulge. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: smooth; rugulose; transversely striate; smooth to somewhat transversely striate. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: present on anterior margin of T2 medially, reach posterior margin of T2 laterally. Sculpture of T3: smooth with longitudinal submedian striae; longitudinally striate throughout. Shape of T6 in female: short, subtriangular. Sculpture of S3: largely smooth with sparse and fine punctures.

Figures 166–171.

Calliscelio migma sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 380181). 166 Lateral habitus 167 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 168 Dorsal habitus 169 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 170 Head, anterior view 171 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to C. amadoi in color and size but it can be easily distinguished by having A5 and A6 in female distinctly longer than wide, whereas in C. amadoi A5 is slightly longer than wide, A6 quadrate.

Etymology

The epithet is used as a noun in apposition derived from the Greek word for mixture, in reference to the variations in female antennae color and T1 horn sculpture.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: BRAZIL: PA, Melgaço Mpio., Igarapé Tijucaquara, trail, M11, P05128, 01°44'12.8"S 51°29'56.6"W, Caxiuanã, 18.XI–24.XI.2003, Malaise trap, A. P. Aguiar & J. Dias, OSUC 380181 (deposited in MPEG). Paratypes: (661 females, 82 males) BOLIVIA: 1 female, OSUC 534172 (CNCI). BRAZIL: 233 females, 41 males, OSUC 534513534516, 534531, 534535, 534543534545, 557166, 557201557202, 557204, 557208557209, 557395 (CNCI); OSUC 252141, 322371, 322377, 322671, 326226, 326230, 344407344408, 344487, 345100, 345312, 345325, 345331, 345589, 346174, 346180, 346888, 346946, 346954, 346964, 347060, 347207347208, 347213, 347229, 347427, 347437, 348008, 348115, 348641, 348678, 349368, 349636, 349659, 349685, 349771, 349783, 349785, 351289, 351329, 351462, 351467, 351525, 351528, 351673, 351677351678, 351680351683, 351815, 351823, 351833, 351836351838, 352357, 352800, 352802, 352806, 352810, 352812, 353174353175, 353177, 353717, 353725353726, 353732, 353951353953, 354075, 354082, 354710, 354831, 354885, 354892, 354895, 354898, 354900, 362588362589, 363839, 363843363844, 363849, 370897, 370905, 370908, 370915, 370923370924, 371841371842, 371844, 376057, 376541, 378963, 477166477167, 577157, 577162, 577173, 583256 (MZSP); OSUC 251768, 252087, 322150, 322152, 322370, 322532, 322545322547, 323091, 323958, 323964, 323970, 326189, 326397, 326404, 326502326503, 326505, 326538, 337221337222, 346041, 346997, 347244, 347277, 347293, 347295, 347655, 347660, 347671, 347678, 347852, 347871, 347954, 348074348075, 348081, 348094, 348097, 348117, 348356, 349102349103, 349107, 349111, 349201, 351425, 353047, 353426, 354797, 357021, 362607, 366698, 366701, 366712, 366721, 366778366779, 366790, 366808, 366938366939, 366944366945, 366953, 366964366966, 366974, 371836, 371839, 371849, 372549372550, 373757, 373761, 373773, 373779, 374557, 374560374561, 374717, 374739374741, 376486, 376498376500, 376505, 376509, 376527, 376530376531, 376538, 376542, 376966, 377495377497, 378014378015, 378033, 378035, 378041, 378054378055, 378063, 378080, 378085, 378595, 378597, 378960378962, 378967, 378969, 378972378973, 378979, 380182, 45697, 45721, 5593055932, 55946, 55953, 61378, 61404, 61446, 61454, 61499, 61504, 61518, 61580, 63283, 63288, 63292, 63295, 63309, 63319, 63330, 63353, 63362, 63431, 63439, 63538, 6364363644, 63665 (OSUC). COLOMBIA: 330 females, 19 males, OSUC 557547, 557549, 557555557556, 557599, 557622, 557640, 557645557646 (CNCI); OSUC 144165, 152145, 152147152148, 162500, 162506, 162510, 162514, 162590, 162592, 162605, 162614, 162621162623, 178018178019, 178091, 178157178159, 178161, 178165178166, 178169178173, 178175178177, 178183, 178185, 178188178189, 178194, 178196178197, 178199178200, 178202178204, 178206, 179458179459, 182585182587, 182589182590, 182594, 182721, 182736, 182738182739, 188624, 188684, 188921, 188923, 188928188930, 188950, 188953, 189276, 189278, 189280, 189284, 189288, 189301189302, 189392, 191095, 193318, 193323, 193332, 193335193337, 193339, 193341, 193343, 193345, 193354, 193356, 193359, 193394, 193396193397, 193400, 193403, 193537, 193540, 193546, 193590, 231806231809, 231813231817, 231819, 231822, 231828, 232300, 259764, 272088, 275806275807, 275809, 276187, 276195276196, 276240, 278953, 279660, 363589, 363599, 364074, 372635 (IAVH); OSUC 143967143968, 143972, 152133152140, 152142152144, 152146, 162498, 162502, 162585, 162595, 162598, 162604, 176896, 178164, 182225182226, 182488182490, 182498, 182500, 182593, 182744182748, 182763182765, 182767, 188549, 188681, 188687, 188922, 188925, 188927, 188931188932, 188935188936, 188938188939, 189177189178, 189180189182, 189184, 189187189189, 189192, 189194, 189196189197, 189201189202, 189204, 189206189207, 189209, 189214, 189281, 189286, 189298189299, 190307190309, 190312, 191039, 191177191179, 191181, 191186, 191207, 191319, 191826, 193277, 193279193280, 193283, 193285193287, 193290, 193333193334, 193344, 193346, 193350193352, 193357, 193398193399, 193402, 193405193406, 193412, 193423, 193468193470, 193539, 193545, 193550, 193571, 193573193574, 193577193580, 193585193586, 193588, 193592, 193594, 193777, 193780, 193901, 193904, 193907193909, 193911193912, 193914, 193934, 193936193937, 193939, 194198, 231805, 231823, 231825231826, 249898, 253452, 253456, 253461, 259751, 259755, 259763, 262602262605, 262617262618, 262942262944, 262946262947, 262949262950, 262952, 262955262960, 262965, 267810, 269349, 269351, 269354, 269433269435, 269437269439, 269483, 272082, 272084, 272091, 273456, 274971, 275028275029, 275812275815, 275857275859, 276192, 276233276234, 279656, 279659, 363588, 364078, 372632372633, 372637372638, 372643, 76996 (OSUC). COSTA RICA: 1 male, OSUC 245173 (OSUC). ECUADOR: 41 females, 3 males, OSUC 458485, 458491458493, 532693532694, 534223, 534230534231, 534233, 534243, 534246534247, 553247, 553385, 553390553391, 553393553395, 553397, 553405, 553415, 553457553460, 553549, 553557, 553563553564, 553585, 553592, 553627553628, 553682, 553730, 577332 (CNCI); OSUC 534657, 534664534667, 534671 (OSUC). FRENCH GUIANA: 26 females, 10 males, OSUC 458389, 458391, 458399, 458407458408, 458417458420, 458424458425, 458430458433, 458436, 458438458440, 458447458448, 458454, 458456458458, 533981, 534553, 546110, 546129, 546131, 546133546134, 546142546143, 546146546147 (CNCI). PERU: 30 females, 8 males, OSUC 534390, 534400, 534414, 534418, 534420, 534429, 553954, 553957553961, 553963, 553966, 553978, 553990, 554000, 554002, 554005554006, 554008554009, 554030, 554033, 554053 (CNCI); OSUC 323932, 570535570536, 570545, 570547570548 (OSUC); OSUC 228068228069, 228071, 228074, 228193228194, 232000 (USNM).

Comments

This species is well supported by many characters, although there are variations in female antennae color and T1 horn sculpture. The common color of the female antennal club is dark brown to black, while there are a few exceptions that A7, A8 brown, A9–A12 white to pale yellow. T1 horn usually is smooth, while a few species rugulose, or transversely striate, or smooth to somewhat transversely striate. These variations are gradual among specimens. Therefore we consider them as intraspecific rather than interspecific.

Calliscelio minutia Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Figures 172–177

Description

Body length of female: 1.70–2.06 mm (n=20). Body length of male: 1.77–1.94 mm (n=8). Color of head: yellow throughout. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): dark brown to black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: absent. Setation of upper frons: with sparse, long setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: granulate. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: granulate. Sculpture of posterior vertex: granulate. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: interrupted. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: granulate. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: distinctly shorter than A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, as long as wide. Shape of female A6: distinctly wider than long. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: filiform, A11 approximately 2.0× longer than wide. Length of A5 tyloid in male: greater than 0.5× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: yellow throughout; yellow with mesoscutellum pale brown. Color of mesosoma in male: yellow throughout; variably yellow to pale brown. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth anteriorly, granulate posteriorly. Sculpture of netrion: smooth. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: granulate. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: absent. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: granulate. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin rounded, approximately 3.0× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: smooth. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: rugose. Dorsal propodeum in female: not excavate medially, lateral propodeal carinae meeting anteromedially. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: smooth to rugulose. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugulose. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: present. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: smooth dorsally, densely punctate ventrally. Color of legs: pale yellow throughout; hind coxa pale brown, otherwise pale yellow. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline with infuscate band in the middle. Rs+M: spectral. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: distinctly shorter than r-rs. Length of R1: approximately as long as 2.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: yellow with variable pale brown patches; yellow throughout. Color of metasoma in male: variably yellow to pale brown. Horn on T1 in female: absent. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching posterior margin of T2. Sculpture of T3: smooth. Shape of T6 in female: short, wider than long. Sculpture of S3: smooth.

Figures 172–177.

Calliscelio minutia sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 433847). 172 Lateral habitus 173 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 174 Dorsal habitus 175 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 176 Head, anterior view 177 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to C. suni in color, size and habitus, and it is also similar to small specimens of C. sfina. It can be separated by the presence of an infuscate band in the middle of the fore wing.

Etymology

The epithet is used as a noun in apposition derived from the Latin word for smallness, in reference to the body size.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: BRAZIL: BA, Mata da Esperança, YPT T3, 14°46'S 39°04'W, Ilheus, 18.V–21.V.2002, yellow pan trap, A. M. Penteado-Dias et al., OSUC 433847 (deposited in MZSP). Paratypes: (23 females, 8 males) BRAZIL: 23 females, 7 males, OSUC 534541 (CNCI); OSUC 433803, 433818 (MZSP); OSUC 150797150798, 150800, 150965, 150973, 322554322556, 367440367441, 378985, 427459427460, 427462427463, 433806433807, 433820, 433822, 433826433827, 433849433851, 577073, 583209, 583246 (OSUC). COLOMBIA: 1 male, OSUC 193408 (OSUC).

Calliscelio paraglaber Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Figures 178–183

Description

Body length of female: 1.73–2.27 mm (n=20). Body length of male: 1.60–1.63 mm (n=14). Color of head: black throughout. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): dark brown to black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: absent. Setation of upper frons: with sparse, long setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: smooth. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: smooth. Sculpture of posterior vertex: smooth. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: weakly indicated, irregularly sculptured. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: smooth. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: distinctly shorter than A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, distinctly longer than wide. Shape of female A6: as long as wide. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: filiform, A11 approximately 4.0× longer than wide. Length of A5 tyloid in male: approximately 0.3× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: black throughout. Color of mesosoma in male: black throughout. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth throughout. Sculpture of netrion: smooth. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: smooth throughout. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: smaller than those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: smooth throughout. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin somewhat rounded, approximately 4.0× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: smooth. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: smooth. Dorsal propodeum in female: not excavate medially, lateral propodeal carinae meeting anteromedially. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugose. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: absent. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: smooth. Color of legs: pale yellow throughout. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: nebulose, weakly pigmented. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: approximately as long as r-rs. Length of R1: greater than 3.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: T1 yellow, otherwise dark brown to black. Color of metasoma in male: brown throughout. Horn on T1 in female: weakly developed. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: smooth. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching the middle of T2 medially; reaching posterior margin of T2. Sculpture of T3: smooth with longitudinal submedian striae. Shape of T6 in female: short, slightly longer than wide. Sculpture of S3: largely smooth with sparse and fine punctures.

Figures 178–183.

Calliscelio paraglaber sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 532684). 178 Lateral habitus 179 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 180 Dorsal habitus 181 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 182 Head, anterior view 183 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to C. glaber and C. torqueo in its smooth head and metascutellum. It may be separated from those two species by the complete occipital carina.

Etymology

The name refers to the high degree of similarity with C. glaber and is intended to be used as a noun in apposition.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: COSTA RICA: Puntarenas Prov., 24km W Piedras Blancas, Golfo Dulce, 200m, VI.1989–VIII.1989, Hanson & Goulet, OSUC 532684 (deposited in CNCI). Paratypes: (41 females, 14 males) COLOMBIA: 3 females, OSUC 191100191101, 269212 (OSUC). COSTA RICA: 32 females, 14 males, OSUC 532459532460, 532462, 532491, 532507532510, 532517, 532521, 532527532530, 532533, 532551, 532553532554, 532576, 532589, 532592532594, 532597532601, 532610, 532612532613, 532667532669, 532673, 532677, 532682, 532686, 532688532689, 532691532692, 532708, 532783, 532791, 532929 (CNCI). GUYANA: 2 females, OSUC 534274534275 (CNCI). MEXICO: 2 females, OSUC 534013, 557255 (CNCI). VENEZUELA: 2 females, OSUC 557665, 557671 (CNCI).

Calliscelio pararemigio Chen & Masner, sp. n.

Figures 184–189

Description

Body length of female: 2.53–3.38 mm (n=10). Body length of male: 2.11–2.75 mm (n=5). Color of head: black throughout. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): dark brown to black; A12 pale yellow, remainder dark brown to black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: absent. Setation of upper frons: with sparse, long setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: smooth with sparse punctures. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: smooth. Sculpture of posterior vertex: smooth. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: interrupted. Length of OOL: greater than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: smooth. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: as long as A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, distinctly longer than wide. Shape of female A6: distinctly longer than wide. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: filiform, A11 approximately 3.0× longer than wide. Length of A5 tyloid in male: approximately 0.3× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: orange throughout; variably yellow to pale brown. Color of mesosoma in male: orange throughout. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth anteriorly, granulate posteriorly. Sculpture of netrion: rugulose. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: smooth with sparse punctures; coriaceous; densely punctate. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: smaller than those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: smooth with sparse fine punctures. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin somewhat rounded, approximately 4.0× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: finely crenulate. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: finely crenulate. Dorsal propodeum in female: deeply excavate medially, with lateral propodeal carinae widely separated, running subparallel to accommodate T1 horn. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugose with one or two longitudinal keels lateral median keel. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: present. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: smooth. Color of legs: coxae to femur white, remainder of the legs pale yellow; pale yellow throughout. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: spectral. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: approximately as long as r-rs. Length of R1: approximately as long as 2.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Color of metasoma in male: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Horn on T1 in female: large and distinct. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: densely and concentrically striate anteriorly, smooth posteriorly. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching posterior margin of T2. Sculpture of T3: smooth with longitudinal submedian striae. Shape of T6 in female: distinctly elongate, approximately 3.0× longer than wide. Sculpture of S3: largely smooth with sparse and fine punctures.

Figures 184–189.

Calliscelio pararemigio sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 458239). 184 Lateral habitus 185 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 186 Dorsal habitus 187 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 188 Head, anterior view 189 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to C. remigio but can be distinguished by its subglobose head and densely and concentrically striate T1 horn on anterior portion in female. In males, it can be separated from C. remigio by the subglobose head and the largely smooth S3.

Etymology

The specific epithet is a reference to the high degree of similarity with C. remigio and is intended to be used as a noun in apposition.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: CUBA: Santiago de Cuba Prov., La Isabelica, environs of Gran Piedra Mountain, 1100m, 6.XII–7.XII.1995, screen sweeping, L. Masner, OSUC 458239 (deposited in CNCI). Paratypes: (9 females, 5 males) CUBA: 1 female, OSUC 458240 (CNCI). DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: 8 females, 5 males, CMNH-486,653, 490,811 (CMNH); OSUC 458302, 458315458324 (CNCI).

Calliscelio prolixus Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Figures 190–195

Description

Body length of female: 2.00–2.48 mm (n=11). Color of head: dark brown; orange to pale brown. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): dark brown to black; A7 yellow, remainder dark brown to black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: present. Setation of upper frons: with dense, short setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: granulate. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: smooth to coriaceous. Sculpture of posterior vertex: granulate. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: complete, weakly crenulate throughout. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: smooth. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: distinctly longer than A3. A5 in female: longer than A3, distinctly longer than wide. Shape of female A6: distinctly longer than wide.

Color of mesosoma in female: variably orange to pale brown. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth throughout. Sculpture of netrion: smooth. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: coriaceous. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: as large as those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: smooth with sparse fine punctures. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin straight, approximately 4.0× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: rugose. Dorsal propodeum in female: not excavate medially, lateral propodeal carinae meeting anteromedially. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose with one or two longitudinal keels lateral median keel. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: present. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: smooth. Color of legs: variably orange to pale brown. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: nebulose, strongly pigmented. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: distinctly longer than r-rs. Length of R1: greater than 3.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: variably yellow to pale brown. Horn on T1 in female: absent. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching the middle of T2 medially. Sculpture of T3: smooth. Shape of T6 in female: short, slightly longer than wide. Sculpture of S3: smooth.

Figures 190–195.

Calliscelio prolixus sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 557587). 190 Lateral habitus 191 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 192 Dorsal habitus 193 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 194 Head, anterior view 195 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to C. longius in elongate antenna, color and habitus. It can be distinguished by the absence of T1 horn and the subtriangular T6 in female.

Etymology

The epithet is an adjective, Latin word for long, in reference to the elongate antenna.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: COLOMBIA: Valle del Cauca Dept., 650m, 03°26'N, 76°48'W, Farallones de Cali Natural National Park, 19.XII–2.I.2001, Malaise trap, S. Sarria, OSUC 557587 (deposited in CNCI). Paratypes: (10 females) BRAZIL: 1 female, OSUC 322538 (OSUC). COLOMBIA: 4 females, OSUC 557588557589, 557591 (CNCI); OSUC 268908 (OSUC). ECUADOR: 5 females, OSUC 553448, 553453, 553472, 553516, 553656 (CNCI).

Calliscelio punctatifrons Chen & Johnson, sp. n.

Figures 1–3, 196–201

Description

Body length of female: 1.80–2.56 mm (n=20). Body length of male: 1.45–1.88 mm (n=20). Color of head: black throughout. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: absent. Setation of upper frons: with dense, long setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: irregularly punctate. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: densely punctate. Sculpture of posterior vertex: densely punctate. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: complete, strongly crenulate throughout. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: granulate with sparse punctures. Ocular setae: dense, long. A4 in female: distinctly shorter than A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, as long as wide. Shape of female A6: distinctly wide than long. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: filiform, A11 approximately 2.5× longer than wide. Length of A5 tyloid in male: greater than 0.5× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: black throughout. Color of mesosoma in male: black throughout. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: areolate. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth throughout. Sculpture of netrion: striate. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: smooth with sparse punctures; coriaceous anteriorly, smooth with sparse fine punctures posteriorly. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: as large as those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: smooth with sparse fine punctures. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin straight, approximately 2.5× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: rugose; rugose anteriorly, smooth posteriorly. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: rugose. Dorsal propodeum in female: shallowly excavate medially, with lateral propodeal carinae widely separated. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugose. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: present. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: largely smooth with a row of foveae along mesopleural carina. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: largely smooth, rugose ventrally. Color of legs: orange throughout; pale yellow throughout. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: subhyaline. Rs+M: nebulose, weakly pigmented. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: distinctly shorter than r-rs. Length of R1: approximately as long as 2.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: orange throughout; reddish brown to black. Color of metasoma in male: variably orange to pale brown; brown throughout; reddish brown. Horn on T1 in female: present as a small bulge. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: smooth. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching the middle of T2 medially. Sculpture of T3: smooth. Shape of T6 in female: short, slightly longer than wide. Sculpture of S3: largely smooth with sparse and fine punctures.

Figures 196–201.

Calliscelio punctatifrons sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 191124). 196 Lateral habitus 197 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 198 Dorsal habitus 199 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 200 Head, anterior view 201 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species (especially small specimens) is most similar to C. bisulcatus but can be distinguished by the long setae on upper frons and pigmented Rs+M.

Etymology

The specific epithet refers to the punctate frons and should be treated as a noun in apposition.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: COLOMBIA: Bolívar Dept., La Suiris, M.617, 126m, 09°54'N 75°07'W, Los Colorados Fauna and Flora Sanctuary, 12.IX–15.IX.2000, Malaise trap, E. Deulufeut, OSUC 191124 (deposited in IAVH). Paratypes: (192 females, 55 males) BELIZE: 32 females, 13 males, OSUC 534198, 534201, 534204534205, 534211534213, 534219534221, 534276, 534278, 534280534282, 534285534289, 534293534300, 534309, 534312 (CNCI); OSUC 185848, 185852, 243690243691, 48053, 91681, 91684, 91688, 91691, 9169791698, 91701, 91704, 9363793638 (OSUC). BOLIVIA: 4 females, OSUC 534185, 534187, 534190534191 (CNCI). BRAZIL: 1 female, 7 males, OSUC 557160557165, 557296 (CNCI); OSUC 133029 (OSUC). COLOMBIA: 20 females, 14 males, OSUC 557409557413, 557422557427, 557458557470, 557609, 557611, 557619 (CNCI); OSUC 191128, 191140 (IAVH); OSUC 182753, 191123, 191125, 191142, 259758 (OSUC). COSTA RICA: 37 females, OSUC 532465, 532469532470, 532474, 532487532490, 532497, 532502, 532543, 532558532560, 532563, 532580532582, 532623, 532625, 532640532641, 532644, 532647532650, 532653, 532697, 532775, 532781, 532823532824, 532924, 532930, 534137 (CNCI); OSUC 237331 (OSUC). ECUADOR: 49 females, 4 males, OSUC 458482, 458484, 458495, 458537458542, 534238, 553372, 553381, 553413, 553416, 553427553430, 553432, 553479553482, 553494, 553528, 553545, 553605, 553630, 553652, 553657553666, 553668, 553670553671, 553677, 553689, 553701553704, 553718, 553731553732, 553736, 553738 (CNCI). HONDURAS: 11 females, OSUC 399378, 399384399385, 399392, 399394, 399396, 399400, 399405, 410439, 410442, 410446 (MZLU). MEXICO: 19 females, 5 males, OSUC 532626, 534015534017, 534021534023, 534026, 534461534462, 534471, 534476, 534483534486 (CNCI); OSUC 375848375852, 415020, 55929, 55951 (OSUC). PANAMA: 3 females, 10 males, OSUC 534065, 553822, 553892553894, 553896553899, 553910, 553912, 553922, 553948 (CNCI). PERU: 6 females, 2 males, OSUC 534396534397, 534399, 534401, 553968, 553988, 554026, 554028 (CNCI). TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: 8 females, OSUC 545997, 546030546032, 546084, 557319557321 (CNCI). URUGUAY: 2 females, OSUC 534608534609 (CNCI).

Calliscelio remigio Chen & Masner, sp. n.

Figures 202–207

Description

Body length of female: 2.56–2.96 mm (n=16). Body length of male: 2.45–2.70 mm (n=7). Color of head: black throughout. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): dark brown to black. Shape of head: strongly transverse. Central keel of frons: absent. Setation of upper frons: with sparse, long setae. IOS/EH: IOS distinctly less than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: smooth with sparse punctures. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: smooth. Sculpture of posterior vertex: smooth. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: interrupted. Length of OOL: greater than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: smooth. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: as long as A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, distinctly longer than wide. Shape of female A6: distinctly longet than wide. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: filiform, A11 approximately 3.0× longer than wide. Length of A5 tyloid in male: approximately 0.3× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: orange with longitudinal, median black strip on anterior mesoscutum. Color of mesosoma in male: orange with longitudinal, median black strip on anterior mesoscutum. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: smooth. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: smooth anteriorly, punctate rugulose posteriorly. Sculpture of netrion: rugulose. Notaulus: percurrent or nearly so. Sculpture of mesoscutum: smooth with sparse punctures; densely punctate. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: smaller than those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: smooth with sparse fine punctures. Shape of metascutellum: posterior margin straight, approximately 3.0× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: finely crenulate. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: finely crenulate. Dorsal propodeum in female: shallowly excavate medially, with lateral propodeal carinae widely separated. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugose with one or two longitudinal keels lateral median keel. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: present. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: smooth. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: smooth. Color of legs: coxae to femur white, remainder of the legs pale yellow; pale yellow throughout. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: spectral. Setae on R: long, erect, surpassing the margin of the wing. Length of R: approximately as long as r-rs. Length of R1: approximately as long as 2.0× length of r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: variably orange to pale brown. Color of metasoma in male: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Horn on T1 in female: present as a small bulge. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: transversely striate. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching posterior margin of T2. Sculpture of T3: smooth with longitudinal submedian striae. Shape of T6 in female: distinctly elongate, approximately 3.0× longer than wide. Sculpture of S3: densely punctate; punctate rugose.

Figures 202–207.

Calliscelio remigio sp. n., female, holotype (OSUC 458296). 202 Lateral habitus 203 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 204 Dorsal habitus 205 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 206 Head, anterior view 207 Metasoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is most similar to C. pararemigio but can be distinguished by its strongly transverse head and transversely striate small T1 horn in female. In males, it can be separated from C. pararemigio by the strongly transverse head and the densely punctate or punctate rugose S3.

Etymology

The specific epithet refers to the locality, Mt. Remigio, on the label of the holotype and should be treated as a noun in apposition.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female: DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Barahona Prov., Baoruco (Bahoruco) Mts., cloud forest, DR-13, Remigio Knoll, 800m, 26.III.1991, L. Masner, OSUC 458296 (deposited in CNCI). Paratypes: DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: 15 females, 7 males, CMNH-486,650, 486,686, 486,897 (CMNH); OSUC 458285458295, 458297458301, 458303, 534377534378 (CNCI).

Calliscelio rubriclavus (Ashmead), comb. n.

Figures 208–213, 214–219, 220–225

Acolus rubriclavus Ashmead, 1887: 99 (original description).

Anteris nigriceps Ashmead, 1893: 225, 226 (original description); Muesebeck 1958: 93 [junior synonym of Ceratoteleia marlatti (Ashmead)], syn. n.

http://zoobank.org/9C37051A-432A-4772-A8EC-C1345A2F32D4

http://bioguid.osu.edu/xbiod_concepts/8446

Caloteleia Marlattii Ashmead, 1893: 212, 214 (original description, keyed); Harrington 1900: 187 (variation); Brues 1903: 126 (emendation of male description), syn. n.

http://zoobank.org/91C406E3-85AA-4C93-8CE5-D160876C5847

http://bioguid.osu.edu/xbiod_concepts/8445

Caloteleia rubriclava (Ashmead): Ashmead 1893: 212, 214 (generic transfer, description, keyed).

Caloteleia grenadensis Ashmead, 1896: 798 (original description); Ashmead 1900: 327 (distribution), syn. n.

http://zoobank.org/E41DB9D7-F6E1-49BA-BB67-4C8A37430374

http://bioguid.osu.edu/xbiod_concepts/8437

Ceratoteleia Marlatti (Ashmead): Kieffer 1908: 121 (generic transfer, emendation).

Ceratoteleia grenadensis (Ashmead): Kieffer 1908: 121 (generic transfer); Kieffer 1926: 501, 505 (description, keyed).

Ceratoteleia rubriclava (Ashmead): Kieffer 1908: 121 (generic transfer); Kieffer 1926: 501, 504 (description, keyed).

Prosanteris nigriceps (Ashmead): Kieffer 1908: 136 (generic transfer); Kieffer 1926: 437, 438 (description, keyed).

Caloteleia rubriclavus (Ashmead): Brues 1908: 33 (emendation).

Prosanteris (Prosanteris) nigriceps (Ashmead): Kieffer 1910b: 87 (subgeneric assignment).

Caloteleia marlattii (Ashmead): Brues 1916: 554 (description); Masner and Muesebeck 1968: 33 (lectotype designation).

Macroteleia ruskini Girault, 1920: 179 (original description); Muesebeck 1958: 93 [junior synonym of Ceratoteleia marlatti (Ashmead)], syn. n.

http://zoobank.org/94B4FD7F-E840-437B-8E2B-46F87BE377DF

http://bioguid.osu.edu/xbiod_concepts/8447

Ceratoteleia marlattii (Ashmead): Kieffer 1926: 501, 504 (description, keyed).

Calotelea grenadensis (Ashmead): Masner 1965: 70 (type information).

Calotelea nigriceps (Ashmead): Masner and Muesebeck 1968: 33 (type information).

Calotelea rubriclava (Ashmead): Masner and Muesebeck 1968: 33 (type information).

Calotelea ruskini (Girault): Masner and Muesebeck 1968: 33 (type information, generic transfer).

Description

Body length of female: 1.80–2.55 mm (n=20). Body length of male: 1.60–2.35 mm (n=20). Color of head: black throughout; brown throughout. Color of antennal clava (A7–A12): dark brown to black. Shape of head: subglobose. Central keel of frons: absent. Setation of upper frons: with sparse, short setae. IOS/EH: IOS slightly less than EH; IOS slightly greater than EH. Sculpture of ventrolateral frons: granulate. Sculpture of frons below median ocellus: granulate. Sculpture of posterior vertex: granulate. Hyperoccipital carina: absent. Occipital carina medially: complete, weakly crenulate throughout. Length of OOL: less than 0.5× ocellar diameter; greater than 0.5× ocellar diameter. Sculpture of postgena behind outer orbit: granulate. Ocular setae: absent. A4 in female: distinctly shorter than A3. A5 in female: shorter than A3, as long as wide. Shape of female A6: distinctly wider than long. Form of male antennal flagellomeres: filiform, A11 approximately 2.0× longer than wide. Length of A5 tyloid in male: greater than 0.5× length of A5.

Color of mesosoma in female: orange throughout; black throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Color of mesosoma in male: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown; black throughout. Sculpture of dorsal pronotal area: rugose. Sculpture of lateral pronotal area: rugose throughout. Sculpture of netrion: rugose. Notaulus: percurrent. Sculpture of mesoscutum: granulate; densely punctate. Shape of mesoscutellum: semiellipsoidal. Foveolae of scutoscutellar sulcus between notauli: smaller than those along margin of axilla. Sculpture of mesoscutellum: granulate. Shape of metascutellum: posterior somewhat rounded or straight, approximately 3.0× wider than long. Sculpture of metascutellum in female: rugose. Sculpture of metascutellum in male: rugose. Dorsal propodeum in female: shallowly excavate medially, with lateral propodeal carinae widely separated. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in female: rugose. Sculpture of dorsal propodeum in male: rugose. Median keels on propodeum in female: absent. Mesopleural carina: absent. Sculpture of mesepisternum below mesopleural depression: densely punctate. Sculpture of ventral metapleural area: smooth dorsally, densely punctate ventrally. Color of legs: orange throughout; pale brown. Sculpture of hind coxa: smooth.

Color of fore wing: hyaline. Rs+M: spectral. Setae on R: short, decumbent, hardly exceeding the margin of the wing. Length of R: distinctly shorter than r-rs. Length of R1: approximately as long as r-rs.

Color of metasoma in female: black; orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown. Color of metasoma in male: orange throughout; variably orange to pale brown; black throughout. Horn on T1 in female: large and distinct. Sculpture of T1 horn dorsally: granulate; rugose. Sculpture of posterior margin of T1 in female: longitudinally striate throughout. Sculpture of T1 in male: longitudinally striate. Development of longitudinal striae on T2 in female: reaching the middle of T2 medially; reaching posterior margin of T2. Sculpture of T3: smooth; largely smooth with submedian longitudinal striae; longitudinally striate throughout. Shape of T6 in female: short, slightly longer than wide. Sculpture of S3: smooth to coriaceous.

Figures 208–213.

208–209 Acolus rubriclavus Ashmead, female, holotype (USNMENT00989042). 208 Mesosoma and metasoma, lateral view 209 Mesosoma and metasoma, dorsal view 211213 Anteris nigriceps Ashmead, male, syntype (USNMENT00989028). 210 Mesosoma and metasoma, lateral view 211 Mesosoma, lateral view 212 Mesosoma and metasoma, dorsal view 213 Mesosoma, dorsal view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Figures 214–219.

Caloteleia grenadensis Ashmead, female, holotype (B.M. TYPE HYM. 9.470). 214 Lateral habitus 215 Head and mesosoma, lateral view 216 Dorsal habitus 217 Head and mesosoma, dorsal view 218 Head, anterior view 219 Specimen labels. Scale bars in millimeters.

Figures 220–225.

220–221 Caloteleia marlattii Ashmead, male, lectotype (USNMENT00989024). 220 Lateral habitus 221 Dorsal habitus 222–225 Macroteleia ruskini Girault, female, holotype (USNMENT00989079) 222 Mesosoma and metasoma, lateral view 223 Mesosoma and metasoma, dorsal view 224 Metasoma, dorsal view 225 Metasoma, ventral view. Scale bars in millimeters.

Diagnosis

This species is easily identified by the combination of the following characters: eye bare; occipital carina complete medially; mesopleural carina absent; mesepisternum below mesopleural depression densely punctate; ventral metapleural area densely punctate ventrally; R1 approximately as long as r-rs.

Link to distribution map

Material examined

Holotype, female, C. grenadensis: GRENADA: Saint George Parish, leeward side, Mount Gay Estate, no date, H. H. Smith, B.M. TYPE HYM. 9.470 (deposited in BMNH). Lectotype, male, C. Marlattii: UNITED STATES: Riley Co., V, Marlatt, USNMENT00989024 (deposited in USNM). Syntype, male, A. nigriceps: UNITED STATES: VA, Arlington Co., Arlington, no date, USNMENT00989028 (deposited in USNM). Holotype, female, A. rubriclavus: UNITED STATES: FL, Duval Co., Jacksonville, ocean beach, Jacksonville Beach (San Pablo), no date, Ashmead, USNMENT00989042 (deposited in USNM). Holotype, female, M. ruskini: UNITED STATES: IL, no date, USNMENT00989079 (deposited in USNM). Other material: (1106 females, 610 males) ARGENTINA: 11 females, 2 males, OSUC 534125534131, 534437 (CNCI); OSUC 322989, 63153, 63155 (OSUC); OSUC 577255577256 (UCRC). BAHAMAS: 2 females, 2 males, OSUC 458330458331, 458383, 534560 (CNCI). BELIZE: 9 females, 3 males, OSUC 534193534197, 534203, 534214534218, 534222 (CNCI). BOLIVIA: 1 female, OSUC 534164 (CNCI). BONAIRE: 2 females, OSUC 458377, 458382 (CNCI). BRAZIL: 48 females, 15 males, OSUC 534527, 553607, 557180557181, 557197, 557220, 557246, 557248, 557282557283, 557337, 557342, 557349, 557361, 557375 (CNCI); OSUC 111348, 111698111700, 111704111705, 111714, 111810, 111938, 111957, 112073, 112184112185, 112189112190, 112194, 112792, 112797, 113088, 11925, 130662, 130709, 130719, 130755, 130849, 131119, 131431, 132407, 132409, 132411, 132413, 132420132421, 132433, 132446, 133028, 133046, 133050, 133067, 133130, 134362, 137997, 138091, 232034, 367498, 374725, 413, 583202 (OSUC). CANADA: 156 females, 68 males, OSUC 531695531708, 531710531720, 531725, 531728531733, 531802531865, 531867531872, 531874531917, 532076, 532103, 532123532129, 534491534493, 534495534498, 534500, 534504534507, 534509534512, 554065554117 (CNCI). CHILE: 16 females, OSUC 458265, 534444534445, 534447, 534449, 534451534452, 534454, 534456534458 (CNCI); OSUC 441184441187 (INHS); OSUC 576993 (OSUC). COLOMBIA: 2 females, 3 males, OSUC 557535, 557537557539, 557550 (CNCI). COSTA RICA: 24 females, 3 males, OSUC 232068232069, 532463, 532468, 532494, 532537, 532539, 532569, 532656532658, 532664, 532711532716, 532726, 532765532766, 532769, 532777532778, 532792, 532925 (CNCI); OSUC 245767 (OSUC). CUBA: 20 females, 3 males, OSUC 458199, 458201458202, 458204458205, 458207458211, 458367458375, 458378, 534558, 534597534598 (CNCI). DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: 38 females, CMNH-486,514, 490,550, 490,915 (CMNH); OSUC 458178, 458180458182, 458184, 458186, 458188458190, 458192, 458194, 458329, 458358458366, 458376, 458381, 534362534371, 534374, 534381 (CNCI). ECUADOR: 15 females, OSUC 458519, 458521458523, 458528, 553368, 553431, 553433, 553601553602, 553624, 553726553729 (CNCI). FRENCH GUIANA: 4 females, OSUC 546113546116 (CNCI). GUATEMALA: 2 females, 2 males, OSUC 534430534433 (CNCI). HAITI: 2 females, OSUC 534548534549 (CNCI). HONDURAS: 37 females, 2 males, OSUC 534145 (CNCI); OSUC 399364399366, 399368399372, 399374399377, 399379399382, 399386399387, 399391, 399393, 399395, 399397399399, 399401399404, 399407, 399409, 401745, 410436410438, 410441, 410444410445, 410448 (MZLU). JAMAICA: 6 females, OSUC 458196458197, 458379458380, 534617534618 (CNCI). KENYA: 1 female, OSUC 56760 (OSUC). MEXICO: 62 females, 44 males, OSUC 531739, 533998534000, 534004534012, 534014, 534024, 534464, 534472534475, 534490 (CNCI); OSUC 410663410680, 411743, 414931414932, 49274, 49276, 55926, 583141583201 (OSUC). NICARAGUA: 2 females, OSUC 534556534557 (CNCI). PANAMA: 16 females, OSUC 553860553871, 553873553874, 553913553914 (CNCI). PARAGUAY: 53 females, 8 males, OSUC 150605, 150607, 228804228807, 276658276659, 278828, 322986, 322994, 322996322997, 323036323037, 323039323044, 323046323047, 323049323053, 323056323057, 323061323066, 323068323070, 323072323074, 363636, 363708363710, 363713, 373987373997, 534682, 534685, 577154 (OSUC). PERU: 2 females, 1 male, OSUC 554022 (CNCI); OSUC 583203583204 (OSUC). SAINT LUCIA: 1 female, OSUC 534550 (CNCI). SOUTH AFRICA: 2 males, OSUC 223550223551 (OSUC). SURINAME: 1 female, OSUC