Testudacarinae molecular phylogeny and species complexes: (Left) combined 28S and COI Bayesian analysis resulting in a five branched soft polytomy (●: >95% posterior probability); monophyly tested across Torrenticolidae but not depicted; (A–E represent tree continuation in Figs 8, 12, 23, 32, and 43 respectively; (Right) species complexes with illustrative descriptions.

  Part of: O’Neill JC, Fisher JR, Nelson WA, Skvarla MJ, Fisher DM, Dowling APG (2016) Systematics of testudacarine torrent mites (Acari, Hydrachnidia, Torrenticolidae) with descriptions of 13 new species from North America. ZooKeys 582: 13-110. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.582.7684