Natural history of Neosphecia cecidogena on Cayaponia pilosa A host plant at the type locality B young fruit, lateral C fully developed gall on axillary region, lateral D, E basal portion of median-sized gall sectioned transversally, showing yellowish nutritive tissue (pointed by closed arrows) (D) longitudinally sectioned medium-sized galls, showing larval feeding scars on nutritive tissue (some are indicated by open arrows) F longitudinally sectioned mature gall, with last instar larva (asterisk) inside (closed and open arrows indicate frass and operculum, respectively) G transversally sectioned, senescent gall showing detached operculum (indicated by seta) and internal wall covered by silk H longitudinally sectioned senescent gall showing internal silk covering (proximal limit pointed by closed arrow) I senescent, overwintering gall, lateral (seta indicates direction of adult emergence) J distal portion of senescent gall, showing pupal exuvium left partially protruded after adult emergence (marked with asterisk). Scale bars: 2 mm (G, H); 3mm (D–F); 4mm (J); 6 mm (I); 9 mm (C); 1 cm (B); 9 cm (A).

  Part of: Moreira GRP, Gorbunov OG, Fochezato J, Gonçalves GL (2019) A peculiar new species of gall-inducing, clearwing moth (Lepidoptera, Sesiidae) associated with Cayaponia in the Atlantic Forest. ZooKeys 866: 39-63.