Schemes of hypothetical couplings between male and female genitalia, light microscopy (LM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images of the male internal sac 13 Pyrrhalta maculicollis 14 P. tibialis 15 P. humeralis 16 Tricholochmaea semifulva species complex. The schemes were created using information on morphology and dimensions of both male and female genitalia, but the genital coupling has not been experimentally proven. The meshed areas in the male internal sacs show areas covered by tiny projections, as shown in the SEM images. All samples were dried at room temperature. Abbreviations: is, internal sac; mp, membranous projection; s, sclerite; sc, spermathecal capsule; sd, spermathecal duct; v, vagina.

 
 
  Part of: Matsumura Y, Suenaga H, Kamimura Y, Gorb SN (2017) Traumatic mating by hand saw-like spines on the internal sac in Pyrrhalta maculicollis (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Galerucinae). In: Chaboo CS, Schmitt M (Eds) Research on Chrysomelidae 7. ZooKeys 720: 77-89. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.720.13015