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Citation: Hemery LG, Améziane N, Eléaume M (2013) Circumpolar dataset of sequenced specimens of Promachocrinus kerguelensis (Echinodermata, Crinoidea). ZooKeys 315: 55–64. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.315.5673 Resource ID: GBIF key: http://gbrds.gbif.org/browse/agent?uuid=9dae1fa0-5800-4f18-8f4e-a87f05c73eb1
Resource citation: Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (2013-) Circumpolar dataset of sequenced specimens of Promachocrinus kerguelensis (Echinodermata, Crinoidea). 1307 data records. Contributors: Hemery LG, Améziane N, Eléaume M, Anderson O, Barnes DKA, Bohn JM, Bowden DA, Brey T, Constable A, Dahms HU, Duhamel G, Griffiths HJ, Hautecoeur M, Hibberd T, Linse K, Lockhart SJ, Lodde E, Mills S, Mooi R, Rouse GW, Sands CJ, Schiaparelli S, Schnabel K, Wilson NG. Online at http://ipt.biodiversity.aq/archive.do?r=proke, Version 5.0 (Last updated on 2013-06-17), GBIF key: http://gbrds.gbif.org/browse/agent?uuid=9dae1fa0-5800-4f18-8f4e-a87f05c73eb1. Data Paper ID: doi: 10.3897/zookeys.315.5673
This circumpolar dataset of the comatulid (Echinodermata: Crinoidea) Promachocrinus kerguelensis (Carpenter, 1888) from the Southern Ocean, documents biodiversity associated with the specimens sequenced in
Antarctica, Crinoidea, Cytochrome Oxydase subunit I, Echinodermata, Phylogeography, Promachocrinus, Southern Ocean, Sub-Antarctic
Project title: Comprehensive sampling reveals circumpolarity and sympatry in seven mitochondrial lineages of the Southern Ocean crinoid species Promachocrinus kerguelensis (Echinodermata)
Personnel: Lenaïg G. Hemery
Funding: French ANR ANTFLOCKS (n° 07-BLAN-0213-01); MNHN Paris intern grants (DMPA’s BQR, ATMs “Biominéralisation”; “Biodiversité actuelle et fossile; crises, stress, restaurations et panchronisme: le message systématique”; “Taxonomie moléculaire: DNA Barcode et gestion durable des collections”).
Study area descriptions/descriptor: The 1307 specimens in this dataset were collected from the Southern Ocean, south of the Sub-Antarctic Front (SAF): Kerguelen Plateau (Kerguelen and Heard islands), Davis Sea, Dumont d’Urville Sea, Ross Sea, Amundsen Sea, West Antarctic Peninsula, East Weddell Sea and Scotia Arc (from the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula and the Bransfield Strait to the South Georgia island). The bathymetric range extended from 65 to 1162 meters deep.
Design description: This dataset was gathered to conduct a circumpolar phylogeographic study of the crinoid species Promachocrinus kerguelensis (
Synoptic of the procedure used to generate the dataset. Yellow exclamatory marks show where the data quality has been checked.
Data published through GBIF: http://ipt.biodiversity.aq/resource.do?r=proke as an Excel spreadsheet of the dataset, available through the Darwin Core Archive format at http://ipt.biodiversity.aq/archive.do?r=proke.
General taxonomic coverage description: This dataset focuses on the Antarctic comatulid species Promachocrinus kerguelensis (
Common names: echinoderm, crinoid, comatulid, feather star
The specimens of Promachocrinus kerguelensis gathered in this dataset were collected from most of the strategic regions in the Southern Ocean (triangles in Figure 2): the Antarctic continental shelf (East Weddell Sea, Davis Sea, Dumont d’Urville Sea, Ross Sea, Amundsen Sea, West Antarctic Peninsula), the Scotia Arc islands (South Shetland, South Orkney and South Sandwich) and the Sub-Antarctic islands (South Georgia, Kerguelen and Heard). Specimens were sampled at depths ranging from 65 m to 1162 m. This covers most of the known distribution area of this species (black circles in Figure 2), but only a portion of the bathymetric range for this species, which extends from 10 m to 2100 m (
Promachocrinus kerguelensis sampling stations in the Southern Ocean. Triangles represent the sampled stations, circles represent the bibliographic data, numbers are sequenced specimens per region (modified from
The specimens were collected during one to four different cruises per sampling region for a total of 17 cruises from 1996 to 2010 (Figure 3). However, the number of specimens was too variable among cruises to be statistically compared (see details of numbers in the Methods part).
Temporal coverage: January 26, 1996 – March 16, 1996
Temporal coverage: March 18, 2000 – May 11, 2000
Temporal coverage: January 23, 2002 – May 5, 2002
Temporal coverage: November 17, 2003 – January 19, 2004
Temporal coverage: January 15, 2004 – March 15, 2004
Temporal coverage: February 9, 2004 – February 22, 2004
Temporal coverage: January 20, 2005 – April 7, 2005
Temporal coverage: February 27, 2006 – April 11, 2006
Temporal coverage: December 16, 2007 – January 27, 2008
Temporal coverage: February 18, 2008 – April 11, 2008
Temporal coverage: January 31, 2008 – March 16, 2008
Temporal coverage: February 6, 2009 – March 12, 2009
Temporal coverage: December 1, 2009 – December 11, 2009
Temporal coverage: December 29, 2009 – January 8, 2010
Temporal coverage: August 28, 2010 – September 28, 2010
Proportion of specimens per phylogroup per year and sampling region. Acronyms of regions are given in Figure 2, A - F are the names of the 7 COI haplogroups found in
Parent collection identifier: Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris (MNHN)
Collection name: Echinodermes (MNHN-IE)
Collection identifier: Marc Eléaume
Specimen preservation method: Alcohol
Method step description: See sampling description below and graphic summary in Figure 1.
Study extent description: The specimens were collected during 17 cruises in the Southern Ocean, from 1996 to 2010 (Figures 2 and 3): 53 specimens from EASIZ I (ANT XIII/3) onboard the RV Polarstern (1996) in the East Weddell Sea, 53 from EASIZ III (ANT XVII/3) onboard the RV Polarstern (2000) in the East Weddell Sea and the Scotia Arc, 12 from ANDEEP I&II (ANT XIX/3&4) and 25 from LAMPOS (ANT XIX/5) onboard the RV Polarstern (2002) in the Scotia Arc, 43 from BENDEX (ANT XXI/2) onboard the RV Polarstern (2003-2004) in the East Weddell Sea, 15 from ITALICA 2004 onboard the RV Italica (2004) in the Ross Sea, 106 from TAN0402 onboard the RV Tangaroa (2004) in the Ross Sea, 12 from ANDEEP III (ANT XXII/3) onboard the RV Polarstern (2005) in the East Weddell Sea, 14 from BIOPEARL I (JR144) onboard the RV James Clark Ross (2006) in the Scotia Arc, 418 from CEAMARC (2007/08 V3) onboard the RV Aurora Australis (2007-2008) in the Dumont d’Urville Sea, 17 from BIOPEARL II (JR179) onboard the RV James Clark Ross (2008) in the Amundsen Sea, 2 from HIMI-SC50 onboard the FV Southern Champion (2008) on the Kerguelen Plateau (Heard island), 148 from TAN0802 onboard the RV Tangaroa (2008) in the Ross Sea, 68 from AMLR 2009 Leg II onboard the RV Yuzhmorgeologiya (2009) in the Scotia Arc and the West Antarctic Peninsula, 26 from BASWAP (JR230) onboard the RV James Clark Ross (2009) in the West Antarctic Peninsula, 184 from BR09 onboard the RV Aurora Australis (2009-2010) in the Davis Sea, and 111 from POKER II onboard the FV Austral (2010) on the Kerguelen Plateau (Kerguelen island).
Sampling description: The specimens were sampled using several sampling gears, depending on the cruise: agassiz trawls, beam trawls, bottom trawls, box corers, epibenthic sledges (
Quality control description: The initial geo-referencing was done by means of the vessel onboard GPS systems. Samples identification was supervised and checked by Marc Eléaume, crinoid taxonomist at the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, following
Dataset description: This dataset has been generated for a molecular study of the Antarctic comatulid species Promachocrinus kerguelensis, improving the geographic coverage of the previous study by
Object name: Darwin Core Archive Circumpolar dataset of sequenced specimens of Promachocrinus kerguelensis (Echinodermata, Crinoidea)
Character encoding: UTF-8
Format name: Darwin Core Archive format
Format version: 1.0
Publication date of data: 2012-03-01
Metadata language: English
Date of metadata creation: 2012-04-25
Hierarchy level: Dataset
The authors thank Sarah Henkel and the two anonymous reviewers who helped to improve this manuscript, and all the contributors who furnished the samples: Anderson O, Barnes DKA, Bohn JM, Bowden DA, Brey T, Constable A, Dahms HU, Duhamel G, Griffiths HJ, Hautecoeur M, Hibberd T, Linse K, Lockhart SJ, Lodde E, Mills S, Mooi R, Rouse GW, Sands CJ, Schiaparelli S, Schnabel K, Wilson NG.
Literature referred within metadata
Literature used to develop and improve the dataset
Literature that has used data from this dataset
Sampling data associated to the 1307 specimens of Promachocrinus kerguelensis sequenced in
Explanation note: Each sample is associated to three unique sequence IDs (BOLD ID, GenBank ID and SeqID); Haplotype and Clade refer back to the genetic data from